When there is not enough land on the plot, but you want your own vegetables and herbs, housewives use the third dimension - height. Its parameters are not limited, and you can create at least five-story structures for growing garden crops. It was because of the shortage of land that an intelligent person once invented vertical beds. True, at first they were designed exclusively for flowers and were used by the townspeople on balconies and loggias. But the idea was quickly picked up by smart summer residents, having figured out that vegetables can grow in such structures. In addition, the unusual appearance of the beds gives the landscape a piquancy, attracting the attention of neighbors and people passing by. Let's try to figure out in what ways you can quickly and easily create a vertical bed, and what crops coexist in such conditions.
It is not difficult to create vertical beds with your own hands, but you must understand what conditions await plants in such structures.
Disadvantages of a vertical vegetable garden:
When caring for a vertical bed, housewives do not need to weed out weeds and fight pests, because due to the lack of contact with the soil, they become much less
The darker the material of the containers for the vertical bed, the faster it dries in the sun, which means that frequent watering is required
During the existence of the idea of vertical beds, summer residents have invented a lot of interesting designs, many of which require the simplest consumables.
The most accessible way for summer residents is fixing containers on the support. They are bought ready-made in stores or made from boards. Or you can even collect empty plastic bottles to create vertical beds and make containers from them. If bottles are used, then the neck is closed with a cork, and an oval hole about 5 cm in length is cut out from above, the containers are nailed in an artistic order to the wall or fence, filled with soil and the seedlings are planted.
All options with containers do not provide for drip irrigation, therefore, adding a hydrogel to the soil is a prerequisite for a comfortable life for plants.
An old chest of drawers can be an excellent container if you pull out its drawers to a different level, and the white color will reduce the heating of the wood.
When creating vertical beds for growing strawberries, most often they build a structure from barrels or plastic pipes, which will last for several seasons. Let's take a look at how a similar strawberry hostel is created.
When creating a vertical bed for strawberries, it is important to think about drip irrigation, because berries require a lot of moisture during the ripening period.
In the conditions of the northern regions, such beds can be made in the form of free-standing racks, connecting three or four pipes into one frame. Then for the winter you can clean the garden in the shed so as not to freeze the roots.
Having mounted such a vertical bed of plastic pipes fixed by a house, you can always move the structure to another place or hide it for the winter
A very profitable idea is to create a pocket vegetable garden, i.e. a vertical bed, resembling a piece of cloth with many pockets. This technology was invented by agronomists and demonstrated it at one of the exhibitions. The material for creating the pockets is thin foil-lined insulation. Due to the shiny surface, it reflects the sun's rays and does not overheat the soil, and on cold days the polystyrene layer will additionally retain heat, warming the roots. Such vertical beds are suitable for cucumbers, beans, herbs and the same strawberries.
The technology of creating a "pocket garden":
The mobility of the fabric bed allows you to place it on any support, even when entering your own summer cottage, fixing it to the doors with several hooks
The pockets in the bed of insulation should not be too small, otherwise the plants will lack nutrition and dry out quickly
In foil pockets, not only cucumbers and strawberries grow well, but also indoor flowers that can be taken outside in summer.
If you water the vertical beds on time, you can achieve not only a good harvest, but also lush vegetation, which will decorate your site.
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You've probably heard of vertical gardens more than once. Unlike traditional ones, they take up very little space, but a lot of greenery can be placed on such structures. And let somewhere offer vertical gardens at exorbitant prices! We will teach you how to easily and inexpensively assemble such a structure for a balcony or terrace.
It will take a minimum of time, the simplest materials and tools, and now your personal vertical garden is ready - for spicy herbs (which are fashionable to grow today), for strawberries (you don't really want to bend over) or for weaving plants (with which you have long dreamed of decorating a wall house or balcony).
See how easy it is - 3 detailed instructions for creating a vertical garden or ornamental garden with your own hands!
Summer has come, I want to spend it in nature, in my paradise outside the city. But how to equip your summer cottage so that it is beautiful, original, and even useful. We offer you an idea, make a pharmacy bed in your garden. Boosts immunity, calms the nervous system and system, and adds delicate beauty to your garden. 10 photos of plants that will worthily take their place in the healing corner.
It looks like a pharmacy bed in a vegetable garden
Besides medicinal properties, as a good sedative, chamomile has a great advantage over other flowers. It blooms throughout the summer and is unpretentious in care.
Heals wounds, burns, cuts and even snake bites. A very thermophilic plant. It also blooms all summer, but blooms in the second year.
Contains vitamins A and C. The best addition to tea.
Even in ancient Rome, there were legends about its miraculous properties. Perennial plants with vibrant blue flowers.
Oregano, added to tea, gives vigor, saves from colds and cures mental illness.
Anti-cold, disinfectant. Ambulance for sore throat.
Treats viral diseases. Blooms in July and August. Does not like abundant watering.
A miraculous remedy for nervous diseases. Very whimsical. Better to plant under an apple tree so that it has protection.
Saves from warts and corns. Celandine tea is good for colds.
Strengthens the immune system. It is necessary to carefully weed, otherwise this whimsical plant may die.
Suspended and vertical ground beds are an excellent solution to save space, and a properly selected soil mixture and optimal soil moisture contribute to higher yields.
Many options for vertical beds allow you to choose the most suitable model for arranging in a country house or a personal plot, based on specific possibilities.
Gardeners often cannot afford to have a large greenhouse in the garden, and in this case, vertical beds are saved.
Light, mobile beds with low soil volume are only suitable for annual crops. Perennials with a small root system for the winter migrate to apartments or houses.
Since the soil and soil mixture for vertical and overhead beds are prepared individually, you can choose a composition that is suitable for growing almost any crop. Therefore, the main issue is the location of the plant in space.
In this regard, compact plants of strawberries, radishes, beets, carrots, lettuce, spinach, green and flower crops are most suitable for vertical ridges.
Cucumbers, pumpkins, beans, peas, peppers require a little more space - a bag or hanging crop, as well as high vertical ridges of construction mesh, are suitable for them. For tomatoes, there is a vertical arrangement technology with roots fixed at the top and shoots hanging down.
Let's consider the most interesting types of vertical ridges in more detail.
It is advisable to arrange a multi-tiered vertical bed in the form of a pyramid in a sunny place in the garden. It can include from 3-4 to 6-7 tiers, while saving the garden space by about 2-2.5 times.A pyramid with flowers, strawberries, herbs or vegetables will become the property of the garden, it will look very attractive and stylish.
A triangular, square or pentagonal pyramid is best created with wooden planks. But you can also use plastic, metal, or pour concrete curbs.
The last option looks the most aesthetically pleasing, the concrete is durable and the whole garden bed will last a very long time.
The width of the steps should be chosen depending on how the care of the plants will be carried out: you can work while on the path, if the pyramid is not wide, or you can move along the steps - for wider and higher pyramids.
If all tires are of the same diameter, then they can be laid with a shift - in steps, and if this is not possible, then the plants can be planted in holes cut in the tires along the entire height of the pyramid in the vertical plane.
Watering such a vertical bed is best done through a plastic pipe, which is installed in the center of the bed and tires are strung on it, like on a children's pyramid.
Holes are made in the irrigation pipe along the upper 2/3, then it is wrapped in textiles so that the holes are not clogged with soil and roots.
To maximize space savings, vertical beds can be quickly built from ready-made natural or plastic bags. Such beds are heavy, so it is better to place them on the ground, leaning against a fence or wall.
DIY landing bag
You will need material for a bag in the form of a rectangle twice as long as the estimated size of the bag, with a width of, for example, 30 cm, on each side there are allowances for seams of 2 cm.From such a piece of material, you will get a bag with a diameter of 20 cm.
The side seams need to be stitched, the material turned out and stitched again, that is, a double seam should be made. If polyethylene is taken as the material, then it can be connected with a special device. Then the bag is filled with nutritious soil, and cuts are made along its height for planting.
The only drawback of bag ridges is their fragility.
They can be made from the remnants of a chain-link mesh, gabion or plastic mesh. The mesh is rolled up, the diameter is chosen based on which plant will be planted - from 40 to 80 cm.
The top edges are secured with knitting wire. The mesh cells must be overlaid with straw so that the soil does not fall out.
Such ridges are good for potatoes, they can be added during the period of tuberization, as well as for pumpkins and cucumbers.
It is believed that such beds were invented by agronomists, who made them from foil insulation. The material must be folded in half so that the fold falls on the bottom, sewn or fasten the edges in width in the form of a long, but shallow bag. Leave a place on top for threading the twine, on which the bed will hang.
For one meter of the length of the bag, you can make three pockets, sew along the marking lines, then make semicircular slots, stepping back about 3 cm from the seam.When watering, moisture will drain along the cut valves, so a semicircular slot is more convenient than a straight cut. A thin tube can be inserted into the upper link and the twine can be pulled through it. Fasten the ends of the twine to the support.
Nutrient soil is poured into the resulting pockets and plants are planted.
Before making such a bed, you need to think about how to mount it vertically so that it holds firmly and is easy to maintain. Most suitable for fixing greenhouse frames. You will need two pipes: an external sewer with a diameter of 150-200 mm and an internal - small diameter - irrigation with holes, wrapped in a cloth.
Holes are drilled in the outer pipe using a crown with a diameter of at least 5 cm, strawberry bushes are planted in them. The lower edge of both pipes is sealed with a foil. The very first layer from below is drainage, soil is poured onto it from above, during filling it is constantly rammed tightly.
This design of a bed made of PVC pipes is very durable; for planting, you need to choose remontant highly productive varieties of strawberries.
The above convinces us that hanging and vertical beds allow you to harvest even in a very small space, and are also an unusual and striking design element.
Lack of space is a problem familiar to many summer residents. I would like to plant this and that, to set up a garden, a flower garden and a berry garden, to take a place for a gazebo, to grab a piece for the barbecue ...
As a result, one begins to obscure the other, the third simply will not be born near the fourth, and we grab our heads. All these problems can be avoided if you start developing upward by building a vertical vegetable garden!
The advantages of a vertical garden are obvious: it saves space, it is easier to care for and harvest (you don't need to bend over), the plants are ventilated, which can save them from fungal diseases, and finally, pure fruits, because they do not touch the ground.