Poppy: language of flowers and plants




spp. (family



Papaver somniferum

There are two famous poppies: the

Papaver somniferum

better known as POPPY OF OPPIO which is not found in the spontaneous state and the

Papaver rhoeas

or ROSOLACCIO which is the spontaneous red wild poppy that we find in all fields.

Obviously the characteristics of the two poppies are very different from each other but the meaning is the same.

Papaver rhoeas

The rosolaccio (as well as the opium poppy), due to its mildly sedative and antispasmodic characteristics, subject to the influence of Saturn, has been considered the symbol of laziness, misanthropy and softness of character.

Because of its bright red color, especially the corn poppy, it evoked much more powerful and sunny images as John Ruskin (English writer, painter, poet and art critic, 1819-1900) writes: "(...) it is not It is possible to imagine a more complete, more genuine and absolutely pure type of flower; inside and out all flower. No limitations of color everywhere, no outward vulgarity, no inner secrets; open to the sun that created it, finely finished above and below, right down to the most extreme graft point ».

The poppy is also associated with the symbol of power. In fact, those of us who have never said "the high poppies of politics" or "it was some big poppy to get him that office". This fact is linked to an ancient legend that has as its protagonist Tarquinius the proud, one of the kings of Rome.It is said that Tarquinius the proud to show his son the best method to take possession of the city of Gabi had him throw down with a stick the tallest poppies in his garden which meant that the highest offices, the most important and authoritative people had to be destroyed first.

Once the poppy flower was also used to represent fidelity: one took one of its petals and rested on the palm of the hand and hit each other with a fist, if you heard a noise like a snap it meant that the beloved was faithful.

In the language of flowers, the poppy instead symbolizes dormant pride.

To know more:

  • opium poppy as hallucinogenic plants go to: Hallucinogenic plants: the opium poppy
  • opium poppy as medicinal plants go to: Medicinal plants: the opium poppy
  • wild poppy as medicinal plants go to: Medicinal plants: the wild poppy

History and symbology

Eschscholtzia californica

The name Eschscholzia was attributed to it in 1820 in honor of the German botanist Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz (1793-1831), who first introduced it to Europe during the early 1800s.

It is often grown in European gardens as, in addition to growing on nutrient-poor soils, it tolerates both hot and dry climates and frosts well. It only needs a soil that does not allow water to stagnate and that is well drained.

In language of flowers and plants escolzia symbolizes the wealth and success.

Curiosity: Escolzia is the symbolic flower of the state of California and is celebrated on April 6.

Literature and flowers meaning and symbolism of flowers

from an idea of ​​Irene Tarantino

  1. Absinthe
  2. The camellia
  3. Chamomile
  4. The cyclamen
  5. The cornflower
  6. The carnation
  7. Lily
  8. The sunflower
  9. The narcissus
  10. The poppy
  11. The Rose
  12. The tulip

History: Absinthe belongs to the Artemisie family, a name that derives from the goddess Artemis, goddess in charge of motherhood. The name of these plants, in fact, alludes to their use in the gynecological field. Absinthe (Arthemisia absinthium) is already known by this name (absinthion) in Greek antiquity and is mentioned in the Ebers papyrus of ancient Egypt (1600 BC). Therapeutic properties were immediately attributed to it thanks also to the characteristic and unmistakable smell.

Literature: The plants contain active ingredients capable of stimulating the appetite and gastric functions, even if the use must be controlled so that no addiction and nervous disorders, premonitory of intoxication, arise. The liqueur, known as absinthe or absinthe liqueur, is obtained by distilling and adding active ingredients from other plants. The abuse of these spirits causes serious damage to health.

Symbol: Giving the absinthe flower wishes happiness to those who receive it.

History: Camellia comes from China and Japan, where many varieties grow. In Europe it was imported by Camel G. J. and spread from the second '700. Throughout Romanticism and the 1900s, camellia was a flower almost always present in European gardens.

Literature: The popularity of this flower is intimately linked to literature, in particular to Alexandre Dumas' novel, The Lady of the Camellias, where it is told how an elegant worldly woman used to wear a camellia on her dress to show her lovers her willingness to love: if the flower was white, this meant that it was available if it was red, it meant that she was indisposed. Since then, the fashion of wearing a camellia to adorn necklines and hems for ladies has spread, and Mrs Channel herself intruded on this habit on her prestigious suits.

Symbol: Camellia is a symbol of constancy in love and grace, of beauty. If it is white, it means esteem and admiration if it is red, love and hope.

History: The properties of this flower have been known since ancient times. Chamomile due to its shape very similar to that of the sun was immediately loved by the Egyptians, who used it to treat feverish states and malaria. Traces of chamomile pollen were found in the padding of the mummy of King Ramses the second, strung there with the intention of giving him the courage and calm to face the afterlife. Both the Greek physician Dioscorides and the Roman naturalist Pliny recommended it as a remedy for kidney and liver problems.

Legends: The chamomile was considered, by the gardeners of the past, capable of "healing" the other suffering and weaker plants it was sufficient that its bushes were placed near the diseased shrubs and trees to see satisfactory results after a short time.

Symbol: Chamomile is considered the emblematic plant of resistance to difficulties. An old proverb advises to face life "like a carpet of chamomile tea, which the more it is trampled, the more it spreads". In this it is similar to the daisy, to which it resembles, which has the meaning of patience.

Etymology: The name derives from the Greek kuklos which means "circle" and, precisely for this reason, some scholars, associating the shape of the flower and the etymological term to the female uterus, believed that the plant was capable of facilitating conception. Surely the name alludes to the tendency of the peduncles that lead the flower to twist into a ring.

History: According to Theophrastus this flower stimulated sensuality and amorous excitement. In the past it was thought that cyclamen extract was a panacea against the bites of the most poisonous snakes, hence the attribution to the flower of magical powers, the ability to ward off the curse and to influence love affairs. The essence of the cyclamen is considered to be a good luck charm.

Symbol: In the language of flowers it means distrust, precisely because despite its beauty and its alleged magical powers, its roots contain a, albeit minimal, quantity of poison.

Origins: It is an ancient flower whose remains have been found dating back to the Neolithic era. Spontaneous throughout the Mediterranean basin, the blue-blue one is often linked to fields of ripe wheat and poppies in Italian iconography of the last century.

Legend: Many legends refer to this flower, whose specific name is Centaurea cyanus: the oldest has it that the goddess Flora, in love with Cyanus, having found him dead in a field full of cornflowers, wanted the flowers to take the name of his beloved. The name Centaurea instead derives from the centaur Chiron who, wounded in the foot by a poisoned arrow, drawn into the arms of a water lily, had been transformed by her into a cornflower. Another version tells that the centaur treated himself with the juice taken from the flower.

Meaning: In the East, if lovers give their beloved a cornflower, it is because they want to express the hope of obtaining happiness from her. In fact, it represents happiness in the language of flowers and it is likely that a coveted reference derives from the nickname, often used in past centuries, of "spell herb". Some, inspired by light petals, have attributed the meaning of lightness to it.

Mythology: This flower with a sensual and spicy aroma is linked to the Goddess of the hunt, Diana: a young shepherd madly in love with the Goddess was first seduced by the same and then cruelly abandoned by the tears shed of the young man who died for passion it is said these beautiful flowers were born . Even the Christian tradition reports that from the tears of Mary in pain at the foot of the cross of Christ, carnations were born.

Healing powers: Numerous are the powers attributed to the infusions obtained with the essence of the flower: in fact it is considered a cure-all against seasonal ailments and fever, as well as a relief for the sufferings of love.

Meaning: In the language of flowers the meaning of the carnation varies according to its color. If white it expresses fidelity, if red passionate and impetuous love, if yellow elegance, if pink fidelity and mutual love, if mottled trust.

History: Known since ancient times, we find the lily mentioned in the Iliad, when Hector proposes to pierce Ajax's skin "as delicate as the lily" and in the works of Herodotus, who tells of strange sticks with a lily-like pommel used by the Babylonians to stroll. In the Jewish civilization it is mentioned several times in the "Song of Songs" and the Catholic Church has adopted this flower as a symbol of the Virgin.

Myth: The Greeks, bewitched by the beauty of the white lily, attributed to it a divine origin, according to which this flower was born from Juno's milk. While the goddess was feeding Hercules, conceived together with Jupiter, a drop of milk would fall from her breast and give rise to the lily. Then Venus, jealous of the whiteness of this flower, would have dropped the long yellow stamens that leave a golden pollen on the fingers of the curious.

Symbol: By definition, the lily symbolizes purity, innocence and whiteness, probably due to the color with which we often find it associated: white.

The legend: According to an Inca tradition, the children of the Sun god set out for the Earth to save humans from their wild and brutal condition, taking with them a golden wedge and the image of their father depicted in a flower, the sunflower. The two brothers decided to establish their home where the wedge was planted effortlessly in the earth. This happened in Peru, in the valley called Cuzco, or "navel", where the children of the sun god stopped, planted the sunflower and reigned for a long time in a magnanimous and tolerant way.

Art: The sunflower, once imported from Peru, is adopted as an ornamental symbol and frequently represented on fabrics, engraved on metals and forged in wood especially in the Victorian age and the time of the Sun King. Oscar Wilde uses it as a symbol of the aesthetic movement founded by him, while in the twentieth century this flower populates the compositions of some poets such as Montale and novelists such as D'Annunzio. The painter who was undoubtedly most influenced by the evocative power of the sunflower was Van Gogh in whose works this flower often recurs.

Meaning: If among the pre-Columbian civilizations and the Egyptians the sunflower was the symbol of divinity and symbolized the Sun god, in Europe this flower soon took on negative meanings representing falsehoods and unhappy loves. Some attribute these negative connotations to a collective and ancestral sense of guilt of men for having come into possession of a divine flower.

Myth: During one of his hunting missions Narcissus meets the nymph Echo, who soon falls in love with him. Narcissus, however, does not let her see him again and the nymph, worn out by pain, is reduced to a shadow of which nothing remains but the voice. The goddess of revenge Nèmesi to redeem Echo, then leads Narcissus to the bank of a river, whose waters refer to the boy like a mirror the image of himself. Narcissus, won by admiration for his own reflected beauty, no longer finds the strength to part with it, dying there and transforming himself into a flower that takes its name from him.

History: Originally from Persia, the narcissus was introduced to China in the eighth century, via the silk road. The Egyptians decorated their deceased there, in fact these flowers have been found in their tombs in excellent condition for more than 3000 years. In ancient Greece the narcissus was known for its characteristic intense scent capable of stunning, hence the derivation from the Greek word "narcotic". Due to the presence of a particularly poisonous substance, narcissin, in Greek mythology the flower was dedicated to Demeter and her sister Hecate queen of Hades.

Meaning: The narcissus, in line with what the mythology tells, symbolizes self-esteem, vanity and the inability to love.

History: The Greeks attributed aphrodisiac properties to the water lily, while the Egyptians used it to decorate the walls of tombs. In the Anglo-Saxon countries it is called "water lily".

Legends: "Once upon a time there was a beautiful nymph who lived in the silvery waters of a lake. One day he fell in love with her Ray of Sun, who appeared to her in her shining golden dress. The nymph felt miserable and darkened by so much light and was ashamed of her little pearl dress. So she went down to the bottom of the lake, where so many riches were hidden, filled her hands with gold and wanted to go back to the surface to show that wealth to Sunbeam but could not go up to the 'high because the gold dragged her down causing her to sink into the muddy bottom of the lake. The mud submerged her little by little and soon the nymph disappeared: only her white hands full of gold remained. The poor Sunbeam in love, he sought desperately for his nymph, he looked for her all over the surface of the lake, but he could only see a heart-shaped leaf, with white flowers that had a lot of gold inside. During the day the flowers opened to offer Ray their treasures of Sun, at night they were closed to keep the gold until the next day. The nymph had turned into a flower: the water lily ".

Symbol: Among the Greeks it was a symbol of unrequited love and platonic love, while in the East, since some species of water lily close at night and reopen when the sun rises, it is a symbol of dawn. In the West, the water lily represents chastity, purity and coldness.

Meaning and legends: the mythological tradition tells that Demeter, goddess of crops and crops, desperate after the loss of her daughter, was able to find comfort only by drinking poppy infusions. This flower, therefore, symbolizes consolation, a meaning alongside which is often included that of simplicity.

History: therapeutic and euphoric properties have been recognized to poppy since ancient times. The Egyptians used it as a pain reliever, while in Greece, since poppy seeds were considered carriers of health and strength, athletes drank an energizing potion before competitions based on honey and wine. The use of opium poppy as a drug spreads in Europe after the Industrial Revolution and spreads among artists and intellectuals such as Baudelaire, Byron and Dickens.

Poppy seed cake:
200 g of sugar, 8 eggs, 200 g of ground almonds or hazelnuts, 200 g of ground poppy seeds, 1 sachet of vanilla sugar, 1 pinch of cinnamon, juice of 2 lemons, 1 splash of rum, 2-3 apples.
Procedure: Work the whole eggs with the sugar until a frothy whole is obtained. Add, always stirring, the almonds or hazelnuts, poppy seeds, vanilla sugar, cinnamon, lemon juice and rum. At the last add the grated apples. Pour everything into a large greased and floured mold and cook in the oven over moderate heat.

Legend: The rose was once consecrated to the goddess Venus, whose statues were sprinkled with these flowers as a sign of devotion. Mythology has it that the color of roses was originally white. The red roses, on the other hand, would have come from the blood of Adonis, killed by a boar at the behest of Mars, jealous of his relationship with Venus.

Literature: the rose is the flower most sung by poets and celebrated by ancient writers. In the Bible, this flower is mentioned in the Song of Songs, while Homer addresses Aurora, the "rose-fingered" goddess of the morning. Dante compares heavenly love to the center of a rose, while Shakespeare mentions this flower in Henry IV and Much Ado About Nothing. Even modern writers such as Eco and Saint-Exupéry have used this flower and its evocative and symbolic power, both as a character in a novel and as the title of a work.

Meaning: as for all flowers, but for the rose in particular, the meaning varies according to the color: the red rose symbolizes passion, the white rose the mystery, the rose thea kindness and the yellow rose jealousy.

Etymology: from the Greek turban, turban, probably due to its shape.

Legend: according to an ancient Persian legend, a young man named Shirin left in search of fortune leaving his beloved Ferhad. The girl waited a long time for his return, then, desperate, she set off in turn in search of her lover. She wandered for a long time and suffered from hunger, cold, thirst, until one day she fell on sharp stones and wept with the knowledge that she would die without seeing Shirin again. Tears mingled with blood and as they fell to the ground they turned into red flowers: tulips.

Meaning: the wild tulip symbolizes first love, while in art and poetry this flower has often represented honesty, inconstancy, perfect love, lack of discernment. The apparent contradiction of the meanings attributed to the tulip is thought to be attributed to the multiple and contrasting moods that are experienced during a love affair.

History: brought to Europe by the Austrian ambassador in Istanbul, tulips enjoyed considerable success in the European courts, so much so that among the middle classes their bulbs were the dowry of some girls of marriageable age. It was in Holland that a real cult of the tulip was soon created. In fact, a unit of measurement was created that was used specifically to estimate the quality of the bulbs, the "persit", and moreover, always the bulbs, were subject to quotations on the stock exchange.

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Put gods flowers in your guns”And we, taking the song literally, put them on top of our clothes!

Do you really know the meaning gods flowers that you love so much?

Acacia: platonic love! To use when you don't want to be too naked.
Holly: strength and endurance.
Laurel: triumph.
Ambrosia: reciprocated love.
Anemone: for its transience it symbolizes ephemeral feelings, the sense of abandonment and betrayed love, but also hope and expectation. To give as a gift to say: you neglect me, come back to me. Not only to a love but also to a friend and relative.
Artemisia: serenity, happiness, health. To give as a gift to thank for what is given to us every day.
Azalea: Chinese symbol of femininity and temperance, it also symbolizes luck, a flower to give as a gift before facing an important test.

Begonia: be careful.
Balsamina: engagement. To be given as an invitation to dispel doubts.
Hawthorn: hope, and prudence. It can be given as a gift while waiting for a positive response.
Leon's mouth: indifference.
Snowdrop: consolation. To be donated to certify one's solidarity.

Calendula: sorrow, jealousy, love pain.
Cactus: duration.
Camellia: sacrifice. It is a pledge and a commitment to face every sacrifice in the name of love.
Red Camellia: you are the flame in my heart.
White Camellia: you're adorable.
Cyclamen: resignation and farewell.
Chrysanthemum: ache.

Dahlia: gratitude, good taste, usually given to express gratitude.

Ivy: fidelity, exclusive love.
Heather: solitude.

Fern: sincerity.
Cornflower: delicacy and first love.
Orange flowers: virginity, fecundity, purity and for the bravest request for marriage.
Cherry blossoms: good education.
Peach flowers: immortal love.

Gardenia: sincerity. If someone thinks you lied this is the right flower to have your say.
White carnation: fidelity. It is the symbol of mutual love. Donate it to tell her it is unique.
Red carnation: anger, resentment, but also energy.
White jasmine: kindness, affection, is the flower of shyness to use when you want to expose yourself but not too much.
Yellow jasmine: kindness, candor, elegance and nobility.
Geranium: stupidity, madness.
Blue hyacinth: constancy.
Purple hyacinth: forgive me.
Red or pink hyacinth: game.
Yellow hyacinth: jealousy.
Lily: purity. A legend tells that Mary chose Joseph among many because she saw him with a lily in his hand. In the meaning of flowers, as well as representing purity and chastity, a meaning that still remains, today the lily symbolizes nobility and pride of mind. It is the ideal flower to give to a proud, honest and classy woman, to tell her that we consider her a queen.
Yellow lily: nobility.
Pink lily: vanity.
Sunflower: adoring love, unhappy love.

Hypericum: originality.
Iris: symbolizes faith and hope but also the desire to send a message. To communicate that there is news or good news, to wish good wishes, for those who are about to undertake something important.
Yellow iris: I burn with passion for you.

Laurel: glory, triumph, aphrodisiac.
Lavender: good luck or distrust and detachment.
White lilac: purity and virginity.
Yellow lilac: I'm in the clouds.
Tiger lilac: pride.
Lilac of the valley: tenderness, humility.

Magnolia: nobility.
Daisy: simplicity, innocence, spontaneity, goodness, freshness and purity.
Mimosa: innocence, freedom, autonomy.
Thrush: virginity, coquetry.

Narcissus: egotism.
Do not forget me: eternal love and perpetual fidelity

Orchid: sensuality, passion. The flower to give as a gift when you are sure that your passion is rewarded. In the language of flowers, the orchid means "thank you for being granted!".

Palm tree: victory.
Pink poppy: serenity, vivacity.
Red poppy: pride.
Passionflower: faith, religion.
Primrose: youth, first love, hope of renewal.

Rhododendron: first love.
Rose: the rose deserves a separate dictionary. Each color carries with it a different message. However, it is important to know the meaning that unites them all. The rose is the symbol of the secret, of things to be revealed with delicacy. The rose, whose bud is well hidden by the petals, also embodies female chastity while the blossomed rose represents the beauty of youth.
White Rose: silence.
Rosehip: delicacy and pleasure but also suffering and pain.
Yellow rose: jealousy.
Pink rose: tenderness.
Red rose: passion, true love.

Tulip: not everyone knows it but the flower that represents true love is the tulip, the perfect flower for a full-blown declaration of love. Popular legend tells that the flower was born from the blood of a young man who committed suicide for love. Perfect to say that you love and will love forever.
Red tulip: love declaration.
Yellow tulip: the sun is in your smile.
Violet tulip: modesty.

Pansy: intense and romantic thought, it is suitable to be given on anniversaries.
Violet: humility and modesty.


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