Recently, thornless blackberries have been successfully grown on personal plots. Such a useful berry, which is a close relative of raspberries, requires certain growing conditions.
A shrub with slightly oblong berries generally has straight, upwardly extending shoots. Sometimes the sprouts are spread on the ground. The fruits are mostly dark in color, but there are varieties with red or yellow berries. Blackberries bloom from the second month of summer. This late flowering prevents the inflorescences from freezing during spring frosts.
Blackberries are distinguished by their abundance of crops. The combination of vitamins and minerals that are part of the berries endows it with healing properties. Thornless blackberries are rich in carotene and contain potassium, calcium and sodium. The berry is also endowed with magnesium, iron, phosphorus, nickel, copper and barium and chromium.
The fruits of perennial shrubs are famous for the presence of fructose, glucose, as well as organic acids, fiber and pectins.
Such berries have medicinal qualities:
The juice of these healing fruits heals wounds and many skin diseases. And the leaves of the bush are used as an astringent diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent.
Occasionally, people who eat blackberries may experience vomiting and an upset stomach. Such symptoms are caused by allergic effects and berry intolerance in some cases.
For planting a thornless blackberry, you need a place that is well lit and warmed up in the sun. These shrubs are best grown in areas that are sheltered from the winds. For a favorable cultivation of berries, soil of fertile varieties and soil moisture are required.
Care should be taken that the roots of the plant are not blocked. Excess moisture negatively affects the development of the shrub, and reduces the quality and volume of the crop. Limestone content in the soil leads to leaf disease.
Thornless blackberries are planted in spring or late autumn. The choice of the season depends on the characteristics of the harvested varieties. Seedlings with high frost resistance can be planted in autumn, and plants with reduced winter hardiness - in winter.
Before planting, the root system of the seedlings is slightly shortened. Quite long root shoots are trimmed and damaged and damaged parts are removed. The landing recess usually reaches fifty centimeters in depth. A mixture of humus and compost is added to the hole. Sprinkled on top with wood ash, and lime is added to the soil with high acidity.
A plant growing straight is placed in a row every one meter with an inter-row spacing of up to two meters, and I separate the varieties spreading on the ground in a row with each other with an interval of up to four meters and a row spacing of about three meters. Saplings, neatly placed and well sprinkled in the holes, are watered. For convenient soil moistening, a hole is created around each bush. From above, the soil is sprinkled with straw or sawdust.
Regular feeding of the bushes leads to a rich harvest. Every year in the spring, the land around the plant is fertilized with humus and ammonium nitrate. In summer, it is good to add diluted bird droppings or manure to the soil. In the fall, the soil is enriched with superphosphate and wood ash.
Growing studless blackberries is not difficult. It is necessary to properly care for the bushes and monitor the condition of the plant. In creating suitable conditions for the growth of a shrub, it is necessary:
Blackberries are not very frost-resistant and preparing the plant for winter is of great importance. The berries of this culture are formed on the shoots of the last year, and the freezing of the upper part of the bush leads to a lack of harvest.
Before the cold weather, shoots that have borne fruit for two years are removed. Extra new branches are removed. To avoid excessive stretching of the bushes in height, you should pinch the upper parts of the stems. This action will allow the processes on the sides to develop and gain strength. Old stems are cut at the root so that pests can settle on them.
To avoid the spread of parasites, cut branches should be burned with the debris. After processing, sawdust or peat is poured under the bushes, which provides the plant with moisture and protects the root system from freezing. All varieties of blackberries, including frost-resistant ones, need shelter for the winter. Sometimes the soil near the bushes is covered with roofing material, corn leaves or hay.
Breeding of thornless blackberries is carried out in several ways:
Recently, some varieties of thornless blackberry have been very popular.
Loch Ness - a common variety that is famous for its rich productivity. Berries weigh up to five grams and have excellent taste. Fruits are harvested from mid-August until the first frost. The crop is well preserved and does not deteriorate during transportation.
Thorn Free - a high-yielding variety that has a strong massive bush. Shoots spread out and form large dark berries weighing about five grams. The fruits begin to sing in July. The last crop is harvested at the end of summer. The plant is resistant to diseases.
Black Satin - a shrub with a very high yield. Refers to varieties with upright shoots. The fruits are black and tasty. Harvesting falls at the end of summer.
Navajo - bushes of high fruiting. Fruits are large, shiny, dark in color. The berries ripen in August. Fruiting lasts about a month. The variety has good frost resistance.
Smutsttstem - large-fruited variety. The fruits ripen in summer. The shrub requires protective shelters for the winter.
Blackberries are harvested from the second month of summer to the end of September. The ripening of the crop depends on the variety of the crop and the weather conditions of cultivation. The berries do not ripen at the same time. Usually ripeness occurs in an interval of three days.
Blackberries keep well in cool places.
For the prevention of diseases, shrubs are treated with sulfur solutions. Such a remedy protects the culture from fungal infections and tick infestations.
The thornless blackberry is a picky perennial shrub that, with proper care, yields a high yield with non-acidic fruits, endowed not only with good taste, but also with useful properties.
Blackberries are loved and planted by many gardeners. Thornless shrubs are becoming more and more popular. So it is not only easier to harvest, but also to carry out all the necessary agrotechnical work with the shrubs. The thornless blackberry includes dozens of varieties with a wide variety of parameters. Every gardener picks up a favorite, thornless variety for himself.
Blackberry care, such as watering, preparing for the winter cold, fertilizing, is common for all varieties. There are some differences in pruning. For tall species, it is required to form a bush every year. Pruning consists of pinching the tops of the main branches. This will stimulate the growth of young twigs and the bush will be more lush.
A berry growing by a sexton is unpretentious to the growing environment. The varieties growing in the country, on the contrary, are capricious. Therefore, in order to properly care for garden blackberries, you need to know all the intricacies of care.
The blackberry is a drought tolerant plant, as its roots extend several meters into the ground. Also, breeders have bred garden varieties that tolerate a lack of moisture in the soil well. However, it is necessary to water it. The plant is especially sensitive to a lack of moisture during the period of flowering and ripening of fruits. The main rule of watering is moderation. An excess of water will lead to root rot and the death of the shrub.
Garden blackberry flowering
The best amount of water for the bush during the formation of fruits is 15-20 liters per week. In other periods, it is necessary to assess the condition of the soil and not allow it to be unnecessarily dry.
During the season, it is necessary to carry out several procedures of loosening the soil. Depth 10 cm. In parallel, all weeds are harvested. Loosening is especially important in autumn, so that in winter the soil near the roots is less frozen. This culture does not tolerate severe frosts. Therefore, an open bush, in a cold period, cannot be left. For the safety of the plant, it must be covered for the winter.
Preparing blackberries for winter
The preparation process for wintering consists of the following stages:
You cannot cover the culture with film. Under it, blackberries will rot, and moisture is a good breeding ground for the fungus. The most unfavorable time is the beginning of winter without snow. Therefore, the shelter process should be done until the cold period begins.
How to cover shrubs in winter
I described my personal experience. Perhaps I was doing something wrong, but there was no place to get information about the cultivation of this crop. I do not use the Internet, and the information there is always very contradictory (according to friends' reviews). We need, of course, the recommendations of a qualified specialist, but if at least some of my advice is useful to you, I will be very glad.
I want to ask: how many shoots should be left for fruiting next year? 3-5 shoots are left for raspberries, and for blackberries? Am I doing the right thing when pinching young shoots?
I didn’t pinch them at first, but the long shoots are awkward to cover and I’m not sure if they are fully ripe. Perhaps if you leave two shoots, the berries will be larger and better? Each gardener knows his conditions and possibilities and, proceeding from them, applies different advice (after having thought it over carefully). And I wish you all good harvests!
Blackberries can be propagated by bending a young shoot in the middle of summer and pinning it to the ground. Sprinkle the end of the shoot with loose earth - it will grow by autumn, and plant it in the spring.
Studless blackberry: planting and care
The thornless blackberry is a bushy plant with long climbing branches and tasty large berries. It differs from the usual one by the absence of thorns on the branches. This makes plant maintenance and harvesting easier.
For planting blackberries, sunny areas are suitable, preferably sheltered from strong winds. In the shade, the berries will grow small, sour, and there will be few of them. The soil should be fertile, but not too heavy. Water stagnation in the soil is unacceptable.
Brambleless blackberries become large and completely black as they ripen.
If the variety is hardy, plant it in the fall. More sensitive to frost - in the spring, so that the plants have time to get stronger before the cold weather. Before planting, shorten the seedling, leaving the trunk 10 cm from the root collar.
How to prepare a place for a seedling:
When planting a blackberry variety with erect stems, the distance between the bushes should be at least 1 m. The varieties creeping on the ground require more space - 2-3 m between plants.
Tie long-leaved plants to a trellis to make caring for blackberries and harvesting more convenient. It is made of strong wire stretched in 3 tiers: at a height of 50 cm from the ground, 1 m and 1.5 m.To secure the lash, first raise it to the top of the trellis, throw it over the upper wire, then lower the end to the middle or lower tier and secure to the wire.
Blackberries bear fruit on two-year-old shoots. To increase their number, cut the branches to a length of 120 cm in May. After that, many side shoots will appear, which will yield the next year.
In the fall, cut off old, harvested shoots at ground level. Thin the bush, leaving 6-7 of the healthiest branches.Cover young shoots for the winter with branches and dry leaves, especially if there are frosts above -20 ° C. Frost-resistant blackberry varieties do not need shelter.
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Planting and caring for a thornless blackberry does not require any special gardening skills and will provide you with tasty and healthy berries.
There are several options for propagating blackberry bushes in your garden.
At the beginning of August, the most healthy one-year-old shoots are selected, they are dropped in shallowly (on the bayonet of a shovel), without separating them from the mother bush. In this case, the tip of the shoot is left free, it is cut off by 10-15 cm to exclude further regrowth. In the place of the digging, a metal pin is installed or pressed down with a heavy object. The ditch area is covered with mulch and regularly moistened. After 2 months, the shoots will take root. On the dug shoots in early October, dense white roots should already be observed. In the spring, the seedling is separated from the mother bush and planted in a permanent place.
Another option for digging is to root the top of the shoot at the garden blackberry, after cutting off its tip. The subsequent sequence of actions is similar to that described above.
One of the ways to propagate blackberries is thornless is by rooting the tops of the shoots.
This option is suitable if the mother plant is more than 3 years old. By this time, the bush had a developed root system, from which in some places young root shoots appear - the so-called offspring. Since they already have roots, they are simply dug up and planted in another place. The optimal time for the removal of offspring from the mother bush is spring, after the arrival of stable heat.
Each root offspring has roots and can become an independent bush.
Blackberries are thornless, like currants, easily amenable to propagation by the green parts of the plant, that is, by cuttings. This method is the most rational, since 1 seedling is formed from each bud. The harvesting of cuttings from annual shoots is planned for the fall.
The stalk is a twig no more than 15 cm long with 2-3 buds. Leaves are cut off from him.
It is necessary to ensure that the lower kidney is always in the water
After a while, a mini-plant with its own shoots and roots will form from the bud in the water.
A mini-bush will form on the lower bud of the cutting
This seedling is cut and planted in an individual glass with a light nutritious substrate, slightly moistening the ground.
Bushes with a part of the cuttings are separated and transplanted into cups
Ripening of berries depends on the variety and growing conditions of the culture. In the southern regions, blackberries begin to ripen in July. In the middle lane, harvesting occurs in late summer or early autumn.
The berries are carefully separated from the stalk and placed in prepared containers for further storage and processing.
For long-distance transportation, harvesting begins 4-5 days before the fruit is fully ripe.
Ripe fruits are consumed fresh, used to make jams, jams, compotes, juices and desserts. Also berries are frozen, dried and canned.