Kniphofia (Kniphofia) or kniphofia is a perennial herb, belongs to the genus of the subfamily Asphodelovs and has signs of the Ksantorreev family. This original exotic can be found in natural conditions on the territory of South and East Africa, where flower plantings are able to climb even on a hill. In the old botanical sources, the cniphophia was considered a representative of the Lilia family. In total, the genus contains about 75 species and hybrid forms, many of which are suitable for cultivation in gardens as cultivated flowering gardeners. The origin of the genus name is associated with the name of the famous German scientist who studied the flora, Kniphof.

Description and characteristics of bnifophy

Knifofia is one of the most beautiful exotic plants. Its vegetative terrestrial parts are capable of retaining their natural green color throughout the year. The height of the shoots reaches about 60-150 cm. Some varieties grow about three meters in length. The root system is poorly developed. The main root is thick and short. The leaf blades look leathery, grow out of the root rosette. From straight peduncles spike-shaped inflorescences bloom, collected from small reddish and yellowish flowers. A distinctive feature of the plant is the fact that flowers and buds have different colors. Flowering falls in July. At the end of flowering, the cniphophia still looks attractive and does not lose its decorative grace until the onset of frost. In place of the inflorescences, seed bolls ripen in the future.

Growing knifophya from seeds

Sowing seeds for seedlings

With the help of seeds, it is possible to get seedlings. Sowing is carried out in April. The seeds are poured into wooden boxes with a flower substrate. Then they are covered with polyethylene and kept indoors at room temperature until the first shoots appear. Crops must be regularly aired and watered. With timely care, young sprouts become noticeable after a couple of weeks. The protective film is removed daily for several hours so that the seedlings quickly get used to the fresh air and harden. When a pair of true leaves is formed, the seedlings are picked into cups. Knifofia comes from warm regions, therefore it reacts poorly to dampness, drafts and cold. Planting in open ground is recommended not earlier than July to avoid the risk of repeated frosts.

Planting knifofia in open ground

The flower grows poorly in the shade and prefers open, lighted areas in the garden. It is preferable to choose hills in a southerly direction. A well-drained, moist soil containing sand and fertilizer is suitable for the plant. The seedlings are transferred into shallow wells moistened with water. The interval between them should be at least 30 cm. It is recommended to transfer the seedlings, keeping an earthen ball on the roots. The planting site is carefully tamped and watered.

Caring for knifophy in the garden

It is quite simple to care for knifophy in the garden - even a beginner lover of plants and flowers can handle it. Young seedlings need to be regularly loosened, weeds removed from the site, and the soil must be kept moist. Flowering occurs only in the second year of life. Roots need time to grow stronger and take root in a new place.


A sign that a plant needs watering is when the topsoil is dry. During dry periods, the intervals between waterings are reduced. To save time on weeding and retain moisture in the root zone, mulch the soil with organic materials. Peat and sawdust are excellent for these purposes.

Top dressing

Top dressing begins with the arrival of spring, before the first green shoots form. During the formation of inflorescences, the substrate is enriched with organic fertilizers or mineral compounds containing nitrogen.

Shelter for the winter

This African flower cannot be considered a long-liver in the conditions of our climatic zone, but for several years the knifophia will be a wonderful decoration for any garden. Faded arrows are cut off. Leaves and shoots are neatly tied, and the general frame of the plant is covered with spruce branches and peat crumbs. For the upper protective layer, pieces of roofing material and a film are used to avoid moisture getting under the bush. With the arrival of spring, the shelter is removed. Frozen parts should be removed.


Adult seedlings that have grown in the same place for several years in a row are best transplanted. The bushes are carefully dug up and placed in pots with damp soil. In winter, they are stored in a cool place and watered periodically so that the roots do not dry out. A flower bed is transplanted in May or June.

Diseases and pests of knifofia

If you properly maintain and care for the plant, you can avoid cases of disease. However, there is a risk of insect damage to the leaves. If traces of pests are found, they are immediately treated with an insecticidal solution. Excess moisture leads to the development of root rot. It is important to start treating the hives as early as possible before the spores of the infection have spread to healthy plantings. Spraying the ground parts with fungicidal preparations helps to suppress the disease. If the disease has affected most of the bush, such specimens will have to be completely cut out and burned.

Types and varieties of knifofia with a photo

In Europe, it is customary to grow only a few species of bniphophy.

Kniphofia tuckii

This is a South African type of plant, the origin of which is associated with the name of the botanist who discovered it. The height of the shoots does not exceed 80 cm, and the leaf blades are 40 cm. The inflorescences consist of pale red buds. Opening up during flowering, they acquire a yellowish tint. This representative is distinguished by its hardiness and is in great demand in the mid-latitude regions. It goes through the winter calmly, if the plant is provided with a conscientious shelter.

Berry Kniphofia (Kniphofia uvaria)

Plantings of this species can often be found in the wild in the Cape Province. Bushes are capable of growing two meters in height. Large leaves of a gray-green hue. The upper tier of lush inflorescences is formed from bright coral flowers, and the lower one consists of yellow-green flowers. The flowering period lasts for two months. As cultural plantings, berry knifofia began to be planted since 1707. Among the varieties of this representative of the family, it should be noted:

  • Large-flowered - has tall shoots and red flowers;
  • Dr. Kerr - variety with flower stalks about 1 m long and yellow-lemon flowers;
  • Orange Beauty - the same tall variety, but with orange buds;
  • Fire Flame - characterized by red flowers;
  • Popsicle - the height of the plant is no more than a meter, the lower tier of flowers is yellow, the upper part of the buds is orange or coral.

Knifofia hybrid (Kniphofia x hybrida)

Includes signs of various varietal modifications that were bred on the basis of berry knifofia. Often, gardeners prefer to plant the following hybrid varieties:

  • Abendzonne - its peduncles are ahead of other species in height, the color of the upper buds is reddish, and the lower ones are yellow;
  • Burnox Triumph - undersized variety. Its peduncles, in comparison with the previous names, barely reach 60 cm, orange inflorescences are collected from tightly connected buds;
  • Golden Skeeper - a large variety that blooms bright yellow flowers during flowering;
  • Indiana - bushes do not exceed one meter, flowers are colored orange and red;
  • Royal Standard - began to cultivate several centuries ago. The variety is considered the most popular in the whole variety of varieties of knifophy and is distinguished by a rich yellow-red flowering;
  • Prince maurito - the bushes are decorated with massive brownish inflorescences;
  • Theo - strikes with abundant flowering, the height of the shoots fluctuates within a meter;
  • Rocket - one of the tallest forms with voluminous red inflorescences;
  • Knifofia hybrid Fleming Torch - Medium height with attractive yellow-red buds.

Like the landing, the activities for caring for the knifofia are easy to perform. In return, the plant will delight you with its beautiful flowers and gorgeous appearance.

Video: perennial knifofia

Knifofia perennial. I advise you to plant a knifofia!

A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Sometimes you go out into the garden - everything seems to be blooming and fragrant, and you ought to rejoice and enjoy such beauty, but ... something is missing. What exactly is difficult to say: each grower has his own ideas about this, and sometimes very original ones.

I am an ordinary lover of flowers, and they are also ordinary for me, but sometimes I really want something like that! Three years ago, when I was in the mood, I caught sight of a bag with seeds of berry knifofia, or tritoma.

Despite the exotic nature of the plant, its seeds can be bought in any flower layout. There are many seeds in the package.

The best plants for insect pollinators

It is difficult to overestimate the role of pollinating insects. In fact, all life on Earth is curled up by these little toilers. And how nice it is to watch a bee, bumblebee, or butterfly, diligently crawling over a flower in a flower bed!

By planting one of the following plants in your own garden, you will win 4 points at once:

  1. These plants are unpretentious - they do not need care and are not afraid of drought.
  2. They will decorate your garden with their flowers and their flowering period is all summer!
  3. They have a pleasant aroma.
  4. You will attract pollinating insects to the garden


Kniphofia spp. Will bring unique texture and color to your garden and provide food for pollinating insects. This flowering perennial produces a lot of nectar during the hottest days of summer. The torch-like cniphophy is quite hardy and extremely easy to grow (tolerates frosts down to -29C), the cniphophia is an excellent addition to plants anywhere in the sun (a completely open area, or partial shade will do it)


Monarda is a real magnet for pollinators, this fragrant perennial blooms all summer long.

Monarda is also called rue (Monarda spp.) This plant does not require maintenance. To encourage re-blooming, simply cut off the faded flowers.


It is no secret that lavender (Lavandula spp.) Attracts all types of pollinators, and honeybees have no competition at all - they are very fond of its nectar and pollen. Plant large islands of lavender for a romantic and delicate look. Lavender is a classic garden plant, which, by the way, is very helpful in fighting erosion, so lavender, among its other advantages, is also an excellent choice for slopes.


Try (Cleome hassleriana) and you will have a dramatic splash of color. Always robust, this annual blooms in full sun but can also grow in partial shade. Remove faded flowers before seed pods appear, or let the plants sow on their own.


A large group of perennial salvias (Salvia spp.) Will certainly attract bees to the garden. To achieve more flowering, regularly cut off the faded heads. This tall garden plant is drought tolerant and will give the garden a wonderful scent.


Catnip or catnip (Nepeta spp.) Tends to reach its peak color just when most spring bulbs are finished blooming and before many other summer perennials begin to bloom. In short, catnip will easily fill the flowering niche during the seasonal transition. This tough perennial herb is also the leader in hot dry weather - it doesn't care about drought! Plant it in full sun and in a well-drained area at the edge of the garden - that's all it takes!


Penstemon spp., A plantain plant, is an excellent plant, offering pollinators the nectar they seek. Tubular flowers come in a variety of colors and bloom at different times. Residents of warm regions of America know that these perennials attract hummingbirds to their garden.


Ideal plant for hanging in baskets, wall pots and other containers in a shaded area. Fuchsia flowers (Fuschia spp.) Have two layers of petals - often of different colors - and a long stamen. Delicate and hardy varieties look very attractive.

Anise hyssop

Anise hyssop or fennel grate (or fennel grate) is an upright perennial plant that easily emerges from seeds and is freely dispersed by self-sowing. He is not afraid of frosts - he calmly withstands frosts up to -35 C.

Agastache foenicullum is resistant to heat and drought and also attracts birds. Its aroma combines the scent of licorice and mint.


There is no doubt that thyme (Thymus spp.) Is an option for attracting pollinators. This large group of grasses includes groundcover and upright plants. Cutting the thyme throughout the growing season encourages new growth.

Anna Karmazanovskaya
specially for the internet portal
garden center "Your Garden"

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Knifofia, or tritoma

Knifofia, kniphofia, or tritoma (Kniphofia) belongs to the Xanthorrhea family, which is very rare for us. Homeland - the southern and eastern regions of Africa and the island of Madagascar. Loves wet places, forms large thickets on the banks of rivers and reservoirs. There are 73 species in the genus, but not all of them are decorative. And some just look exotic!

The name of the plant was given in honor of the German doctor and botanist I.I. Kniphof (1704-1763), who first described it.

The plant is perennial, herbaceous, with a thick short rhizome. Leaves are dense, leathery, gray-green, xiphoid, up to 90 cm long, collected in a dense basal rosette. The peduncle stem is 1–1.5 m high, but can reach 3 m, depending on the species, without leaves, round, thick, appears from the middle of the rosette in July – September. At the top of the stem, the flowers are collected in a spike-shaped or sultan-shaped inflorescence 25–30 cm long. The flowers bloom in them gradually, from bottom to top or from top to bottom, depending on the species. Each flower of the cniphophia looks like a small drooping bell with a corolla-shaped perianth, while the color of the bud is red, then, as it blooms, it gradually changes to orange, yellow and yellow-green. This feature gives the inflorescence the appearance of a bright multi-colored cone. The plant looks very impressive. Flowering lasts 1.5–2 months.

In the culture of knifofia since 1707, two species are found in gardens.

Berry knifofia (Kniphofia uvaria) - the plant is tall, the peduncles reach a height of 2 m, and the spike-shaped inflorescence is 30 cm. The buds are coral in color, as the flower blooms, it turns yellow-orange.

Numerous hybrid varieties were obtained from berry knifofia, combined under the name hybrid knifofia (Kniphofia x hybrida)... Hybrids have a wide palette of colors - creamy white, yellow, green, orange, coral, red and brownish.

Knifofia Tuka (Kniphofia tuckii), currently classified Kniphofia ensifolia - the most cold-resistant and resistant type. The peduncle grows up to 80 cm, the inflorescence is up to 15 cm long. The buds are light red, as they bloom, the flowers turn greenish-white. With careful cover, it can hibernate in temperate climates.

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