The Kupchikha variety belongs to a rare species: it is not a strawberry or a strawberry, but a not so long ago created culture of the "earthworm". As you can imagine from this term, the berry is a hybrid of strawberries and strawberries, which means that it should exhibit the best qualities of both related crops. The merchant's wife is a very young variety, but many gardeners strive to acquire seedlings and plant them in their plots.
The term "earthworm" appeared about half a century ago, when the first specimens of a hybrid of garden strawberries and real forest strawberries were obtained. The genes inherited by the new garden culture from their forest ancestors allowed it to bear fruit with sweet and aromatic berries even in inclement weather. But in the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation for a long time there was not even such a section of Zemklunik. It was organized only in 2017, when the Kupchikha variety was registered.
The originators of the variety were the Institute of Horticulture and Nursery (VSTISP) and the Bryansk Agrarian University, where, in fact, the creators of the variety work under the leadership of Professor S.D. Kokino near Bryansk is the stronghold of VSTISP. Zemklunik variety Kupchikha approved for cultivation in all climatic regions.
The merchant's wife does not belong to the remontant varieties; it ripens in the medium term. In the middle lane, the first berries are harvested in early July. Bushes are spherical, medium size, up to 25 cm, with a large number of leaves of normal size. The leaves are green, strongly wrinkled, shiny. It is by the wrinkled and highly ribbed shape of the leaves that this variety can be recognized. It forms a little mustache, therefore it reproduces not only by them, but also by dividing the bush or seeds. The whiskers present are of medium size and light red in color. The flowers are white, large, the plants bloom abundantly and beautifully. Peduncles are tall, densely pubescent, flowers are formed at the level of leaves. The stalks are thin, of medium length.
The number of berries on the bush is huge
The berries have a shape that is very different from the shape of most varieties of garden strawberries, more like wild berries. They are almost cylindrical, with a well-defined neck, up to 4 cm long, in a state of full ripeness they are painted in a dark red, even ruby color. However, ripening proceeds unevenly: if the berry is "motley", it means that it is not yet quite ready for picking. The average weight of the berries is 3.7 g, but there are also real giants that grow up to 17 g. The berries are colored inside the same as outside. The pulp is dense, contains little juice, sweet, aromatic, with nutmeg notes. Taste assessment, according to tasters, 5.0 points.
In tests, which continued since 2014, in field conditions, an average yield of 135 kg / ha was obtained. The experience of growing in private gardens is still limited; indicates the possibility of collecting about 500 g of berries from the bush. The variety is characterized by high heat resistance, average winter hardiness and drought resistance. Disease resistance is above average. The high density of berries allows you to transport the crop over any distance.
The actual appearance of the berries does not quite correspond to the official formulation of a cylindrical shape. The correct shape is not found in every specimen of the berry: many of them are quite bizarre, they represent both ridges and fans, and, as it were, grown together from 2-3 pieces of berries. The color is similar for all: in an immature state it is uneven, in a fully ripe state - from dark red to burgundy purple. Size - smaller than most garden strawberries, but larger than wild strawberries.
Merchant's berries are mostly irregular, large, dark red
The merchant's wife is the only zemluniki variety registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation for today. You can get truthful information about other varieties only in special literature. In total, more than a dozen varieties are known, but the Merchant's wife can only be compared with relatively new ones that have appeared in recent years, and mainly through the efforts of the same Kokin collective. The fact is that it is with them that the berries are significantly larger than those of the varieties obtained in the last century.
So, one of the large-fruited is the earthworm with the name Kroshka, which bears fruit with berries weighing up to 25 g. Slightly smaller than the berries of the Vityaz variety, but it has a very high winter hardiness. The most winter-hardy is the Solovushka variety, which is also very productive. The most large-fruited variety is considered to be of great interest, Kokinskaya Selected. However, it is the Merchant who receives the highest tasting marks, which should be considered her peculiarity.
In fact, Baby is not that baby.
The advantages of the variety are:
The Merchant's overriding berries do not crumble, but dry out a little, become like candied fruits. They seem to be waiting for their busy owner, who for some reason could not appear on the site in time. The only drawback of gourmets is the almost complete absence of sourness in the taste. In addition, at the moment, the disadvantage can be considered the fact that it is very difficult to find a real planting material, not a fake, but this is not a disadvantage of the variety, but rather of the organization of production.
The Kupchikha variety is considered universal in use, but, despite the highest tasting rating, fresh berries can hardly be considered outstanding. Still, we are used to the fact that strawberries and strawberries should have at least a slight sourness, and in Kupchikha's berries, 5.8% of sugars account for only 0.6% of organic acids. Therefore, the most interesting are the processed products of this berry.
Almost everything can be made from it: jam, compotes, dry jam, candied fruits, liqueurs. To get real wine, there is not enough acidity, and this dugout gives not enough juice. But it can be dried, while it retains all the nutrients and almost does not lose its aroma. And the best way of harvesting for the winter is freezing.
Candied fruits are one of the most delicious processed products of the earthworm
Planting and caring for a dugout is carried out in the same way as most varieties of garden strawberries. It is important to find non-falsified planting material, but this is still difficult to do. It is advisable to buy bushes in containers with a closed root system, if possible, from the manufacturer of the variety. If there are bushes on the site, you can propagate them in any way: mustache, dividing the bush, seeds. The merchant's wife can be planted as separate bushes, with a distance of 40-50 cm between them, and a carpet. In the second case, the berries are smaller, but the overall yield is higher. It is assumed that in one place the variety can normally bear fruit for up to 5-6 years.
The Merchant's strawberry is heat-resistant, but its drought resistance is moderate. Therefore, it is watered as usual: before the berries ripen, the soil must be constantly moist, with reddening of the berries, watering is reduced. The soil is kept loose, free from weeds. They try to use organic fertilizers in top dressing. Fertilize plantings in early spring, just before flowering and at the beginning of berry pouring: first use mullein infusions, then cut grasses. After harvesting, an infusion of wood ash is added. It is convenient to keep the garden bed under a layer of clean mulch to avoid contamination of the berries.
Even before flowering, the garden bed is covered with clean dry materials.
Shelter for the winter is required in cold regions: usually a normal layer of snow is enough. In snowless regions, with the approach of winter, coniferous spruce branches are thrown onto the garden bed.
The merchant's wife is the only zemplunnik variety registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation. It can be grown everywhere, has very tasty berries, and is relatively undemanding to care for.
The share of strawberries, or rather garden strawberries, accounts for about 70% of the world's berry production. To date, more than 2 thousand varieties have been bred, and their number is growing every year. Cultivars appear, become popular, but many do not stand the test of time. In the total mass, Festivalnaya strawberry stands out favorably, the description of the variety, photos and reviews of gardeners show that the quality and appearance of its berries is not worse than that of the best samples of world selection.
Strawberry Zephyr is relatively little known in Russia, although it has been popular in Europe for a long time. This variety originated in Denmark, and since the mid-1960s has been actively cultivated in Norway, from which we can conclude that this variety is well suited even for harsh climatic conditions. It can be cultivated both in open ground and in greenhouses. Due to its high yield and good transportability, it is suitable for commercial cultivation.
Harvest strawberry Marshmallow suitable for industrial cultivation
Dessert crops are of great interest. In the proposals of breeders from different countries, you can find a species that provides any requests for cultivation in different climatic regions of the country. At the same time, I would like to see large sweet berries on the table that correspond to the highest rates for a particular type of plant. You can try the best strawberry varieties taken from the following list on your site.
Photo: Honey strawberry variety
Large-fruited American specimen. Became famous in 1979. It is obtained by the methods of crossing technology of well-known varieties Vibrant, Holiday. Frost resistant, low maintenance, widely used in industrial production.
Variety description: medium-sized, high-yielding plant with erect peduncles. The wide conical shape of the berries is distinguished by an original sweet and sour taste. They have a dark, red tint. The fruits are transportable, well stored. The average value of the mass is 30 g. With the simultaneous ripening of berries, the yield from one bush reaches 500 g. From them, high quality jam is obtained. The popular strawberry variety Honey is the leading industrial berry in Europe. An increased susceptibility to verticillium disease caused by the fungus Verticillium is considered a disadvantage.
Photo: Strawberry variety Lord
With timely, high-quality care, you can get an excellent harvest of large, sweet and sour berries, reaching a mass of 100 g without transplanting for ten years without transplantation. Description of the variety: powerful flower stalks are formed on tall bushes. Their number is increasing every year. The maximum yield is formed in the second, third year of growth. Up to 5 kg of berries are harvested from one bush.
Stable resistance to adverse weather conditions makes it possible to successfully cultivate fruits even in the Urals. And these are the best strawberry varieties for the Moscow region, according to gardeners.
Photo: Gigantella strawberry variety
A frost-resistant species obtained by selection of Dutch specialists. Description of the variety: a tall plant, decorated with spreading leaves, forms strong peduncles with bright, scarlet berries of large sizes. The mass of the bulk of the berries is 100 g.
The Gigantella strawberry variety is classified as a medium, late ripening type. Its advantage is considered to be increased resistance to damage by strawberry mites, the appearance of gray rot. The disadvantage is the rapid damage to early flowers by frost, the requirement of regular watering.
Photo: Strawberry variety Maxim
Dutch species, distinguished by the large size of the bush, corrugated leaves, stalks, bright red berries, root system. The harvest dates are late. The shape of the fruit is similar to that of a medium-sized tomato. The yield of a mature plant is 2 kg. This type of berry is said to be the best for frozen storage. The strawberry variety Maxim tolerates transportation, storage well.
Photo: Strawberry variety Divnaya
An extremely early species, obtained by domestic breeding in 1987 due to a combination of properties of such species as Festivalnaya, Holiday. A high-yielding bush with a pronounced central stem with numerous small leaves, strong, high peduncles, is known for frost resistance, high productivity of large, dry berries of an elongated beautiful shape. They are easily stored, transported without damage. Differs in the ability to form a set of whiskers, which is used for reproduction when renewing plantings.
Photo: Strawberry variety Darselect
A mid-season variety, discovered by breeders in France in 1998, the Elsanta variety was taken as the basis for the selection. This rather popular specimen has a large bush, strong erect peduncles, conical, large fruits of a bright, brick color with an orange tint, pink flesh. The sweet strawberry flavor of the unpretentious berry has made it a common commercial strawberry in France. The yield of one plant reaches 800 g. It is characterized by high winter hardiness, excellent transportability. In hot weather without constant watering, productivity is significantly reduced.
Photo: Festivalnaya strawberry variety
A universal type of plant, bred by Russian breeders in the city of Pavlovsk. The basis was the well-known species - Abundant, Premier. Refers to varieties with average harvest time, but may have a long ripening period depending on local climatic conditions. The overall yield is high. Fruits, of an original elongated shape, large, red, shiny. The juicy pulp has a bright pink color, a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The drought-resistant, winter-hardy species has long become a favorite among many gardeners and farmers.
There is now a modern strawberry variety called Festivalnaya Florida. High-yielding, characterized by large fruits similar to those of the Festivalnaya species, obtained at the University of Florida. At the famous Strawberry Festival, he took first place after comparing all indicators.
Photo: Strawberry variety Chamora Turusi
The Japanese variety of Chamoru strawberries is very late in the formation of the crop. It has large, sweet, dark colored berries. Their weight is 100 g. The shape of the berries resembles a cone with powerful folds. The core is light in color, with an air cavity. The weight of giants - scallops, collected from one bush, reaches 3 kg. Fruiting is formed in the first growing season of the plant, reaching maximum values in the third year of development. In the first season, one strong peduncle is formed, on which berries weighing up to 150 g grow. Bushes are powerful, spreading, characterized by rapid growth.
The advantage of Chamor is long-term, high yield, transportable qualities of very large berries, resistance to many diseases and pests.
Photo: Zenga Zengana strawberry variety
It is considered one of the most common species among gardeners in Russia, obtained by German breeders. The climate of central Russia makes it possible to grow early varieties of Zenga strawberries. An important advantage is its resistance to various diseases and pests. Known to many, sweet, large cone-shaped fruits are remembered for their bright red pulp, thick peel, which allows them to keep their shape when freezing, cooking compotes.
An ancient species known as the 1890 development by US breeder Marshall F. Ewell. A universal type of berry with an average ripening period and is now popular among gardeners in many countries. It is distinguished by large red scallop-shaped fruits, juicy bright pulp of the original sweet taste with a slight sourness. Bushes of winter-hardy strawberries are tall, powerful, with erect peduncles. Triple strong leaves are located above the berries. It is resistant to drought, many diseases and pests. Forms many strong mustaches.
An old, well-known species brought from America hundreds of years ago. Dessert berry memorable for its appearance, taste, aroma. Together with the Gigantella variety, it is in demand among summer residents. On a powerful bush, several tall, strong peduncles are formed with very large orange berries, an unusual aroma. The berries fit snugly against the stem. When eating, they must be bitten off like a large fruit.
Sometimes called "Moscow Jubilee". Received by domestic breeders 50 years ago. Differs in large berries, aroma, high taste. A scallop-like shape, berries often form due to the joint growth of closely spaced flowers. This explains the appearance of very large berries on a medium spreading bush of compact size. The high density of the pulp allows you to transport, store the berry without loss. The disadvantage is sensitivity to frost during flowering, exposure to the hot sun with the formation of harmful burns.
Modern type of late fruiting with large tasty berries. It was created by German breeders in 2010. The flowers are self-pollinating, hidden under rich green leaves. The yield is average. Strawberry variety Malvina is resistant to rainy weather, which is important for the late ripening of berries. Most of all it is affected by thrips, weevil. The berries are characterized by a sweet dessert flavor.
Created in California, has proven itself very well when grown indoors. The plant has very large fruits that retain this size throughout the total fruiting period. The fruit tastes great. It is profitable to sell them. The demand for them is always great.
Winter-hardy Italian species with large fruits. They are characterized by a conical shape ending in an original sharp end. The average value of the mass is 70 g. The pulp is red, dense, ensuring long-term storage of high-quality transportation. The plant is strong, tall, winter-hardy. The yield is high. It is used for making jam, compotes, freezing, as a favorite fresh delicacy. Sweet taste, wonderful appearance attracts attention. Any quantity of Marmolada berries offered on the market is quickly sold out.
One of the most common picky types of Dutch strawberry selection in 1990. Compact bushes of the plant are grown using any technology of open ground, film greenhouses. Shirokokonicheskie bright fruits of red color, not darkening during storage, have a pleasant dessert taste, delicate aroma. Fruits are large in size, reaching 70 g, dry, well withstand transportation. The bush forms a small number of whiskers.
Having appeared on the berry market, a variety of Italian-bred strawberries made a lot of noise. There is a controversial opinion about him, since the number of pros and cons of strawberries is approximately the same. The late variety is positioned for cultivation in continental climates. It is recommended for small farms due to its low transportability. Vigorous, spreading bushes throw out large peduncles. The number of whiskers is small. Large, glossy berries are colored red-orange and weigh 20-70 g. Delicate aroma and sugariness of the fruit complete the picture.
Strawberries have a table purpose and are mainly consumed fresh.
The variety of gourmets, collectors and farmers, the landowner Kupchikha received mostly enthusiastic reviews. Disadvantages in the form of an abundance of whiskers, protruding achenes do not count: it is ideal - say the owners of the miracle berry. The taste delights everyone: ideal for the garden and for sale. Only the inhabitants of the northern regions are enchanted: there is no promised sweetness, there is no resistance to frost and thaw.
The largest specimens reach 20 g.
It compares favorably with foreign varieties: it is adapted to the continental climate, it is not an intensive type variety - it does not require high agricultural technology. And yet - it does not degenerate in the second or third year, like the Dutch, Italian forms that lead in a one-year culture. In general, the Merchant's wife can be recommended as an excellent variety, delighting with a luxurious berry and a truly merchant's harvest.
Despite the low frost resistance, we grow Asia in Siberia. An excellent variety - berries are large, up to 40 grams, with a beautiful shiny surface, juicy and very tasty. Excellent presentation, quickly sold out on the market.
Vasily Alexandrovich, Saratov
The variety requires care, but fully compensates for the care. Very large, beautiful berries, some of 55 grams and more. The taste is simple but good. The berry is sweet, despite its large size, moderately dense. Well transported. Of the minuses - instability to gray rot, if the year is rainy, this can be a problem.
We have been growing Asia for many years. An excellent variety, one of the largest and most delicious. I use my mustache for breeding. The younger the bushes, the more whiskers they give, so I keep a few young plants for propagation. Three-year mustaches practically do not give. Requires maintenance like any commercial strawberry variety.
Growing Asia for sale. Flies away at the market, excellent presentation, sweet, buyers know it. Every three years I update the beds, my own seedlings, the variety gives enough mustache.
A good fruitful variety with a record large berry. The taste is simple, but pleasant, sweet. The pulp is fleshy, juicy. Asia is a rather capricious variety that requires good care. I carry out treatments with phytoverm, be sure to water if there is not enough rain. You can keep it in one place for no more than three years, then it degenerates. There are enough mustaches, but when the bushes grow old, they are almost nonexistent. Therefore, for reproduction, you need to prepare seedlings in advance.