How to correctly mark the boundaries of a garden plot and carry out zoning


Having bought a long-awaited piece of suburban land, do not rush to explore new territories. In order for the costs to be the lowest, the results are effective, and the appearance of the site is original and noble, it is necessary to prepare for practical actions by drawing up a detailed plan. The preliminary marking of the site includes an assessment of land resources, division into zones, the choice of landscape style and the drawing up of a detailed layout of the house, garden and other significant objects.

Correct assessment of planning factors

When determining the location of the house, beds, flower beds and additional buildings, you must first make sure that the territory is delimited correctly. As a rule, the border of the site often coincides with the fence, which is erected in the first place.

Staking out boundaries by coordinates

Only geodetic studies will help to accurately mark the boundaries of the territory or restore lost data on their location. Initially, the marking of the land plot by coordinates is entered into the cadastral passport, therefore, in the absence of data, a request should be made to the cadastral chamber. Using an extract with the exact coordinates of the borders, specialists indicate certain points. Now these events are carried out using GPS devices or an electronic total station, which guarantees high accuracy of information. Borders are marked with the help of various land surveying techniques, the simplest of which is the installation of small stakes with a string stretched between them.

Competent development of the project and drawing up a detailed scheme will help to rationally arrange buildings, plantings, communications in the summer cottage and avoid alterations

Clarification of the boundaries will help in the future to sell or donate the land without any problems, as well as get rid of the claims of neighbors and correctly fix the fence.

Consideration of natural characteristics

Before starting planning, in addition to the size and shape of the territory, it is important to pay attention to the following features:

  • relief;
  • groundwater;
  • soil type;
  • lighting;
  • wind rose.

The choice of the location of the house and garden, the types of communications, the definition of the landscape style depends on the terrain - flat or hilly. If there are ravines, ditches or natural reservoirs in the country, this should also be noted when drawing up a diagram.

The structure of the soil affects the choice of plants for the site, since not all vegetables, fruit trees or flowers develop on sandy, clay, loamy, humus soils.

You can learn about what determines soil fertility from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/ot-chego-zavisit-plodorodie-pochvy.html

One of the options for arranging a suburban area in a regular style: flat relief, the house is located in the center, borders on a recreation area and is surrounded by decorative green compositions

The groundwater level is associated with measures for the installation of drainage structures, a well or a well, as well as the choice of methods for drainage of storm water. The groundwater level also affects the yield of fruit trees.

The groundwater level can be determined independently during the construction of wells or digging a well using the drilling method, as well as using old water intake points

The data on illumination and wind rose will help to correctly install the cottage, place a garden and a vegetable garden, and choose the types of plants correctly.

Division of a land plot into zones

In addition to marking the outer boundaries of private property, there is an internal marking of a personal or garden plot. It is usually called zoning, since the entire territory is conditionally divided into several main zones:

  • residential;
  • for relax;
  • gardening;
  • service and economic.

Approximately 10-15% of the area is allocated for building - a cottage, a summer kitchen, utility rooms, gazebos, a garage, a swimming pool, etc. About 15% is given to internal communications (paths, parking lot, driveway) and landscaping (flower beds, flower beds, rockeries, hedges). The lion's share, approximately 70-75%, belongs to the garden and vegetable garden (in various proportions).

The zoning of the site occurs in an arbitrary form: some zones are required (residential, entrance, recreation), others may be missed (parking, nursery, lawn)

The fundamental object is the house, therefore, zoning should begin with it. Outbuildings should be located near a residential building and at the same time hide from the eyes, for example, in decorative thickets. Beds and flower beds should be located in a lighted area, and plants that love shade - near the house or in the garden. Some fruit bushes (currants, raspberries, gooseberries) tolerate partial shade well, so they can be planted along the fence or on the shady side of buildings. The recreation area depends on the preferences of the owners of the cottage: it can be the area around the pool, a cozy semi-open gazebo or an expanded children's playground. The main thing in zoning is to follow the principles of rationalism and practicality.

Choosing a landscape planning style

The general perception of the summer cottage depends on the chosen style. What will it look like? Perhaps this is a wild thicket of fruit and ornamental plants with a small cozy house hidden inside them. Or maybe a beautiful stately cottage, surrounded by a scattering of flower beds and straight, like arrows, paths. There is a simple and accessible division into 3 basic styles, which will help you understand how to properly mark the site.

A free online garden plot builder will help in planning the site: https://diz-cafe.com/planirovshhik.html

Landscaping - natural naturalness

All elements of the landscape are arranged according to the principle of naturalness, which does not recognize clear and straight lines, symmetry and regularity of forms. Garden trees are arranged in a free order, winding paths wind between them, a stream sparkles, groups of flowers resemble bright forest lawns rather than organized flower beds. Everything looks natural and picturesque.

A rift in a ravine, irregular outlines of almost natural reservoirs, unexpected heights - everything should indicate that the main artist in this area is not man, but nature itself. Even the material of the tracks should be as natural as possible - stone, pebbles, sand.

One of the original landscape design solutions is an oriental-style garden. Required elements are a pond, wooden bridges, aquatic and terrestrial plants, planted in any order

More Chinese style garden ideas: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/sad-v-kitajskom-stile.html

Regular - correct geometry

For landscaping in a regular style, flat terrain is ideal. All objects are subject to the principles of geometry: straight paths, rectangular, oval or round flower beds, shrubs are planted in even rows or symmetrical compositions. Water bodies, like sites, also have clear boundaries and a certain shape. Often, small design elements line up along a conventional axis or around a given center.

An example of using a regular style is a cottage surrounded by floral decorations. The central location of the building, symmetrically planted flower beds and trees are signs of the English style

Basic elements of the English style: https://diz-cafe.com/vopros-otvet/angliyskiy-sad-landshaftnyiy-dizayn.html

Mixed - Reasonable Chaos

The mixed style is the most popular among summer residents, as it gives more opportunities for building and improving the territory. Some elements (beds, garden trees) are arranged in a certain order, while others (paths, flower beds, buildings) are chaotic. The result is a cozy, tidy, lively country corner for gardening or Sunday breaks.

A perfect example of mixed style on an L-shaped site. The house and the bathhouse are located asymmetrically, some of the plants are planted in a chaotic manner, the other part - in even rows

One example: country style garden https://diz-cafe.com/plan/sad-i-dacha-v-stile-kantri.html

Territory diagramming rules

Having analyzed in detail how best to mark the boundaries, you can start drawing up a diagram. For convenience, you can use a large sheet of checkered paper or graph paper, on which each square meter equals 1 square centimeter, that is, the scale will be 1: 100. Large objects - a house, a bathhouse, garden beds, greenhouses, flower beds, a swimming pool, a garage, fruit trees - can be cut out of colored paper and freely moved around the working field. Sometimes, during such experiments, new interesting ideas emerge.

Plots of non-standard, elongated shape require special attention when planning. To give them a more picturesque look, they use optical barriers and dividers in the form of flower beds, reservoirs, mixed compositions.

Placing elements in the center or at the edges of the site, it is necessary to remember about sanitary and fire safety standards, as well as the features of the terrain. There is also such a thing as a dendroplane - it also does not hurt.

Scheme of the minimum distances from summer cottages to the border of a neighboring site, which must be observed during construction or landscaping

It will simplify further activities and indication of the location of electrical, sewerage and water pipelines, including underground ones. An independently compiled plan diagram can be presented to a licensed organization for drawing up an official plan, which is agreed upon in government agencies, and also used in work with designers, builders, architects.

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How to mark a suburban area correctly?

  • 11.03.2014
  • 1694
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Site marking is a complex and lengthy process that precedes any construction. It is performed after obtaining the appropriate permits and approval of the process.

The development of a project for a summer cottage will help to correctly arrange all buildings, flower beds and paths in the allotted area, while taking into account all the advantages and disadvantages of the site.

In theory, this stage is supposed to be carried out on the basis of ready-made drawings, while it is assumed to change the unique features of the relief in accordance with the plan. In fact, everything is completely different: the finished project is "inscribed" into the land plot, organically including all buildings into the existing landscape.


The co-owner of the land plot delimited the boundaries incorrectly

The co-owner of the land plot delimited the boundaries incorrectly

Hello! Please help with advice. Recently, it acquired 1/3 of a share in a private household, while a purchase agreement was not drawn up on the land plot on which the house is located, since the land was leased to the former owner for a period of 49 years. Currently, there is a second owner who owns 1/2 of the house. Previously, by a court decision, 1/3 of the land plot was also transferred to the former owner, and 1/2 to the second owner.

When I began to re-register the land plot in my name, I found out that the second owner made a land survey, while according to the plan, the land plot was divided into two equal parts. Is this done correctly and what should I do next, they tell me that the land survey was not carried out correctly, since the land plot should have been divided into 1/3 and 1/2 parts and not equally, is it possible to recognize the land surveying as illegal through the court? Answer: Hello.

Recognition through the court of the unlawfulness of the division of the land plot by co-owners is the only way out of this situation. If the first party does not agree with your arguments and violates the rights of the owner, then, of course, this issue must be resolved in court. Specialized land management companies in the region of your residence are engaged in protecting the interests of the rights of owners in cases related to land legal relations, which will competently carry out the claim work and make the technical documentation necessary for filing a claim with the court. Best regards, Diana Bondarenko.

How to properly delimit a land plot

* information posted for informational purposes, to thank us, share the link to the page with your friends. You can send material interesting to our readers. We will be happy to answer all your questions and suggestions, as well as hear criticism and suggestions at [email protected]

If you are thinking about purchasing suburban real estate, then, of course, one of the easiest ways (in terms of energy costs for the preparation of technical and project documentation) is to buy a plot with communications on the website of a well-established company http://www.pocelki.com.

Thus, you will save yourself from the exhausting rush through the authorities who do not mind the presence of light, gas or water in your country house, but will take up a pleasant procedure for planning your future home. Moreover, it will be built taking into account all your requirements and wishes.

But before buying, be sure to check with the seller which documents for the land are available and whether the technical documentation contains clear boundaries, area and location of the land plot. If there are none, it is necessary to carry out delimitation.

The reasons

The question of determining the boundaries of a piece of land that is already owned can also arise in many cases:

  • The demarcation of the site is necessary for the performance of any transactions with real estate: sales, conclusion of a donation agreement, registration of an inheritance.
  • In the event of disputes with neighbors, in the event of any encroachment on the site, no fence will be evidence during the trial - only officially registered and drawn up technical documents for the land.
  • Land surveying is necessary if the package of your land title documents does not contain a new technical passport, which clearly indicates the geographical coordinates of the plot boundaries.
  • Determination of the area and boundaries is necessary if over time the land allotment acquires a more complex, broken shape. On the one hand, nature is advancing on it in the form of rapidly growing shrubs and trees, on the other - civilization: the construction of new roads and communications.
  • Land surveying allows you to significantly expand (up to 6 acres) already available land holdings. When carrying out comprehensive work to determine the boundaries, it is quite possible to legitimize not only the original, but actually used land areas today. However, this procedure will require coordination with neighbors and local authorities.

    What is land surveying

    Land surveying includes a complex of geodetic works to determine and fix the clear boundaries of the site. Experts also describe the exact location and area of ​​your land holdings. After the completion of technical work on the ground, all information is formalized legally: it is described in the corresponding document and registered with Rosreestr.

    Procedure and cost

    The logical result of the performed engineering work is a package of documents (land survey), written out to the owner, in which the electronic data (coordinates) of the corner points of land holdings are recorded. It is issued in 2 copies: one is issued to the owner, the second is sent to the archive and serves as proof of the procedure performed.

    A copy of the land survey, handed over to the owner, is transferred to Rosreestr, where a cadastral passport is issued on its basis, and data on the site and the owner are entered into the database.

    The last stage is the registration chamber, where you will receive a new certificate of ownership of a carefully measured and already registered land plot that meets all the requirements.

    The price largely depends on the area of ​​the investigated area. In the Moscow region, the cost of work ranges from 10 to 15 thousand rubles with an area of ​​land holdings of up to 10 acres. After measuring the boundaries and area by specialists-geodesists, a land survey is formed for the production of technical documentation for the land - a cadastral passport. Its discharge takes up to 3 months.

    To start the land surveying process, the following documents are required:

  • application to the land management organization specializing in this type of work
  • documents confirming your right to own the site
  • owner's passport.

    Upon receipt of a request from you, the company will send you a cadastral specialist who will take care of all technical measurements and further preparation of documents:

  • before the arrival of the cadastral engineer, it is also necessary to obtain a plan of the settlement lands (a copy, from the local administration). On its basis, the division of the border between neighboring areas will be made.
  • after carrying out engineering work on the terrain to mark the site, you will need to sign an approval act. It is written out on a regular sheet of paper, by hand. There should be signatures of neighbors who express their agreement with the established boundaries of your possessions.

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    How to correctly mark the boundaries of a garden plot and carry out zoning

    Having bought a long-awaited piece of suburban land, do not rush to explore new territories. In order for the costs to be the lowest, the results are effective, and the appearance of the site is original and noble, it is necessary to prepare for practical actions by drawing up a detailed plan. The preliminary marking of the site includes an assessment of land resources, division into zones, the choice of landscape style and the drawing up of a detailed layout of the house, garden and other significant objects.

    Content

    Correct assessment of planning factors

    When determining the location of the house, beds, flower beds and additional buildings, you must first make sure that the territory is delimited correctly. As a rule, the border of the site often coincides with the fence, which is erected in the first place.

    Staking out boundaries by coordinates

    Only geodetic studies will help to accurately mark the boundaries of the territory or restore lost data on their location. Initially, the marking of the land plot by coordinates is entered into the cadastral passport, therefore, in the absence of data, a request should be made to the cadastral chamber. Using an extract with the exact coordinates of the borders, specialists indicate certain points. Now these events are carried out using GPS devices or an electronic total station, which guarantees high accuracy of information. Borders are marked with the help of various land surveying techniques, the simplest of which is the installation of small stakes with a string stretched between them.

    Competent development of the project and drawing up a detailed scheme will help to rationally arrange buildings, plantings, communications in the summer cottage and avoid alterations

    Clarification of the boundaries will help in the future to sell or donate the land without any problems, as well as get rid of the claims of neighbors and correctly fix the fence.

    Consideration of natural characteristics

    Before starting planning, in addition to the size and shape of the territory, it is important to pay attention to the following features:

  • relief
  • groundwater
  • soil type
  • lighting
  • wind rose.

    The choice of the location of the house and garden, the types of communications, the definition of the landscape style depends on the terrain - flat or hilly. If there are ravines, ditches or natural reservoirs in the country, this should also be noted when drawing up a diagram.

    The structure of the soil affects the choice of plants for the site, since not all vegetables, fruit trees or flowers develop on sandy, clay, loamy, humus soils.

    One of the options for arranging a suburban area in a regular style: flat relief, the house is located in the center, borders on a recreation area and is surrounded by decorative green compositions

    Measures for the construction of drainage structures, a well or a well are associated with the level of groundwater. as well as the choice of methods for drainage of storm water. The groundwater level also affects the yield of fruit trees.

    The groundwater level can be determined independently during the construction of wells or digging a well using the drilling method, as well as using old water intake points

    The data on illumination and wind rose will help to correctly install the cottage, place a garden and a vegetable garden, and choose the types of plants correctly.

    Division of a land plot into zones

    In addition to marking the outer boundaries of private property, there is an internal marking of a personal or garden plot. It is usually called zoning, since the entire territory is conditionally divided into several main zones:

  • residential
  • for relax
  • gardening
  • service and economic.

    Approximately 10-15% of the area is allocated for building - a cottage, a summer kitchen, utility rooms, gazebos, a garage, a swimming pool, etc. About 15% is given to internal communications (paths, parking lot, driveway) and landscaping (flower beds, flower beds, rockeries, hedges). The lion's share, approximately 70-75%, belongs to the garden and vegetable garden (in various proportions).

    The zoning of the site occurs in an arbitrary form: some zones are required (residential, entrance, recreation), others may be missed (parking, nursery, lawn)

    The fundamental object is the house, therefore, zoning should begin with it. Outbuildings should be located near a residential building and at the same time hide from the eyes, for example, in decorative thickets. Beds and flower beds must be placed in a lighted area, and plants that love shade. - near the house or in the garden. Some fruit bushes (currants, raspberries, gooseberries) tolerate partial shade well, so they can be planted along the fence or on the shady side of buildings. The recreation area depends on the preferences of the owners of the cottage: it can be the area around the pool, a cozy semi-open gazebo or an expanded children's playground. The main thing in zoning is to follow the principles of rationalism and practicality.

    Choosing a landscape planning style

    The general perception of the summer cottage depends on the chosen style. What will it look like? Perhaps this is a wild thicket of fruit and ornamental plants with a small cozy house hidden inside them. Or maybe a beautiful stately cottage, surrounded by a scattering of flower beds and straight, like arrows, paths. There is a simple and accessible division into 3 basic styles, which will help you understand how to properly mark the site.

    Landscaping - natural naturalness

    All elements of the landscape are arranged according to the principle of naturalness, which does not recognize clear and straight lines, symmetry and regularity of forms. Garden trees are arranged in a free order, winding paths wind between them, a stream sparkles, groups of flowers resemble bright forest lawns rather than organized flower beds. Everything looks natural and picturesque.

    A rift in a ravine, irregular outlines of almost natural reservoirs, unexpected heights - everything should indicate that the main artist in this area is not man, but nature itself. Even the material of the tracks should be as natural as possible - stone, pebbles, sand.

    One of the original landscape design solutions is a Chinese-style garden. Required elements are a pond, wooden bridges, aquatic and terrestrial plants, planted in any order

    Regular - correct geometry

    For landscaping in a regular style, flat terrain is ideal. All objects are subject to the principles of geometry: straight paths, rectangular, oval or round flower beds, shrubs are planted in even rows or symmetrical compositions. Water bodies, like sites, also have clear boundaries and a certain shape. Often, small design elements line up along a conventional axis or around a given center.

    An example of using a regular style is a cottage surrounded by floral decorations. The central location of the building, symmetrically planted flower beds and trees are signs of the English style

    Mixed - Reasonable Chaos

    The mixed style is the most popular among summer residents, as it gives more opportunities for building and improving the territory. Some elements (beds, garden trees) are arranged in a certain order, while others (paths, flower beds, buildings) are chaotic. The result is a cozy, tidy, lively country corner for gardening or Sunday breaks.

    A perfect example of mixed style on an L-shaped site. The house and the bathhouse are located asymmetrically, some of the plants are planted in a chaotic manner, the other part - in even rows

    Territory diagramming rules

    Having analyzed in detail how best to mark the boundaries, you can start drawing up a diagram. For convenience, you can use a large sheet of checkered paper or graph paper, on which each square meter equals 1 square centimeter, that is, the scale will be 1: 100. Large objects - a house, a bathhouse, garden beds, greenhouses, flower beds, a swimming pool, a garage, fruit trees - can be cut out of colored paper and freely moved around the working field. Sometimes, during such experiments, new interesting ideas emerge.

    Plots of non-standard, elongated shape require special attention when planning. To give them a more picturesque look, they use optical barriers and dividers in the form of flower beds, reservoirs, mixed compositions.

    Placing elements in the center or at the edges of the site, it is necessary to remember about sanitary and fire safety standards, as well as the features of the terrain. There is also such a thing as a dendroplane - it also does not hurt.

    Scheme of the minimum distances from summer cottages to the border of a neighboring site, which must be observed during construction or landscaping

    It will simplify further activities and indication of the location of electrical, sewerage and water pipelines, including underground ones. An independently compiled plan diagram can be presented to a licensed organization for drawing up an official plan, which is agreed upon in government agencies, and also used in work with designers, builders, architects.


    We take into account natural characteristics

    Before you start planning, you need to know not only the size and shape of the land plot. Be sure to pay attention to the features:

    1. Relief, since the relief of the area (flat or hilly) influences the choice of the location for the house and garden, the choice of the types of communications and the style of the landscape. If the territory of the site consists of ravines, ditches and has a natural reservoir, this must be noted on the drawn up diagram.

    2. Groundwater. The arrangement of drainage structures, wells and wells depends on the level of groundwater. Based on this, methods of stormwater drainage are selected. The great influence of the groundwater level on the yields of fruit trees has been noticed.

    3. The type of soil. Knowing the structure of the soil is necessary in order to choose plants for the site, since sandy, clayey, loamy, humus soils are suitable for the growth and development of not all vegetables, flowers or fruit trees.

    One option for arranging a regular-style summer cottage is a flat relief, in the center is a house, which borders a recreation area. Decorative green compositions can be planted around the house.

    The parameter of the groundwater level can be determined independently when arranging a well or digging a well, using the drilling method, or using old points of water intake.

    The availability of accurate data on the illumination and wind rose will help the correct installation of the cottage, the placement of the garden and the garden, the competent choice of varieties and types of plants.


    Instead of a resume

    The choice of the program largely depends on what you want:

    For simple 2D plan creation, the Garden Planner software is suitable.

    For a more detailed study and viewing of your plan in 3D format, beginners should use: FloorPlan 3D or X-Designer.

    If you are thinking about better quality products and want to work out your plan in more detail, then we advise you to take a closer look at the Russian program Our Garden Crystal or the English-language Punch Home Design and Sierra LandDesigner 3D.

    From commercial products for professional landscaping and not only design, we recommend Realtime Landscaping Architect, SketchUp, as well as the Autodesk 3DS Max and ArchiCad product lines.

    * For corporate use, the price of the version is $ 695

    To create a plan of your site, specify its length and width in meters in the dialog box and click "OK". If the site is uneven, you should set its maximum dimensions: the excess area can be fenced off using the “fence” element or other suitable elements. If you click "Cancel" then the length and width of your plan will be set by default.

    Attention! To display the calculator correctly, you need to install the Adobe Flash Player.

    In front of you is a field divided by orange lines into squares with a side of 1 m, and gray lines - into squares with a side of 5 m.In the upper left corner, the name of your plan and its size (if any) is displayed, in the upper right - the name of the element selected on the plan and its dimensions. On the left side, you see the control panel.

    The drop-down menu allows you to select one of the elements belonging to the following groups "Buildings", "Plants", "More". Viewing objects can be carried out:

    • By scrolling a computer mouse. To do this, move the cursor over the object viewing window and press the left mouse button. After that, you can view objects by scrolling them up and down with the wheel
    • Using the arrows to the right of the object viewing window. To do this, move the cursor to the desired arrow and click on the left mouse button
    • Using the toggle switch moving along the scale to the left of the object viewing window. To do this, move the cursor over the toggle switch and move it while holding the left mouse button pressed.

    In order to move the desired element from the viewing window to the site plan, you need to move the cursor over it and, while holding down the left mouse button, move it to the desired point in the field. Moving objects across the field is further carried out in the same way. The line under the element view window displays the name of the last object selected in it.

    The site plan can be viewed in different scales. To change the viewing scale, click on the “-” or “+” on the button “Nearer / farther”.


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