Turmeric (Curcuma) is a herbaceous perennial plant that belongs to the Ginger family. The roots contain essential oils and coloring pigments. For this reason, turmeric is grown as a spice and for medicinal purposes. The most common cultivated forms are: long turmeric, homemade turmeric, cultivated turmeric, turmeric, and yellow ginger.
The roots of the plant are dried and ground into powder for a fragrant seasoning that can be added to a variety of dishes. In the wild, this green representative of the flora grows only in India. In this country, the spice is exported in large quantities. Gardeners began cultivating and growing turmeric back in the early 90s.
The wide stems of turmeric are capable of reaching one meter in height. The shape of the leaves is oval, the leaf blades are arranged alternately in two rows. The root system is well developed and looks like gray-yellow tubers, from which numerous roots extend, forming smaller tubers at the ends. Long leaves and flower stalks about 30 cm long grow from the ground. The stipules adhere tightly to the surface of the peduncles; closer to the crown, their color becomes lighter than at the base. The formation of flowers occurs in the axils of the stipules. The buds are tubular, painted in a bright yellow color, exuding a pleasant persistent aroma. All vegetative parts of the plant are saturated with essential oils.
Turmeric is suitable for growing not only in an apartment, but also outdoors. This is a great spice used in cooking. The value of a flower also lies in its decorative effect. The plant grows and develops better in warm climatic latitudes. To harvest, you need to wait at least 9 months after planting the seeds.
For regions with cold and long winters, turmeric is grown only at home.
The flower prefers well-lit areas with fertile soil. Loamy and sandy soil is also suitable. The site is pre-dug up and leveled. The depth of the holes should be at least 15 cm so that several pieces of rhizome with healthy buds can fit. The segments are laid so that the buds are directed upwards. After that, they are covered with earth, lightly tamped around the soil and watered. Early spring is considered a favorable time for planting turmeric.
Indoor flowers / plants. We study, transplant, reason.
Taking care of turmeric shouldn't be too much of a hassle. This is a moisture-loving plant that requires strict adherence to the watering regime. If the roots lack moisture, the flower may die. The frequency of watering is determined by the climatic and weather conditions of the region where it grows. The composition of the soil also affects the growth and development of turmeric. The bushes are watered only with warm and settled water.
As a top dressing of turmeric, it is advised to use compositions of mineral fertilizers with a high phosphorus content, intended for the cultivation of ornamental plants. When preparing the solution, it is necessary to take a smaller amount of the substance than indicated on the package. The application of mineral fertilizers is carried out several times during the season.
All of the above content requirements are the most important. In addition, it is important to loosen on time, remove weeds and wilted flowers from the site.
Rhizomes are removed from the soil in the fall before the arrival of frost, when flowering ends and the leaves wither. The ground part of the bushes is completely cut off. The roots and tubers are shaken off and placed in boiling water. Water quickly turns yellow due to the release of coloring pigments. Yellowed roots dry well for several weeks.
The spines should be stored in a cool dry place inside wooden crates or plastic containers filled with wet sand. Then the roots are ground into powder. The finished spice is poured into a glass jar, which is best kept in the refrigerator or closed cabinet. Turmeric absorbs any odors well, so it is recommended to tightly close the spice jar.
Aromatic turmeric is called Indian saffron. It can be found in South Asia, mostly in India or in the east of the Himalayas. The stems reach one meter in length. The rhizome is fragrant, reminiscent of the shape of an ellipse. At the ends of the thin roots, oblong tubers are formed. Petiole leaves. The flowers are funnel-shaped, hidden inside the spike-shaped inflorescences. Their length is about 15 cm, width - 8 cm. There are light green bracts with a red crown. This spice is often used by confectioners to prepare various sweets.
Turmeric long or yellow ginger is also prized for its coloring pigments, and the ground parts are used medicinally. Long crushed turmeric roots form the basis of Indian curry.
Round turmeric naturally grows exclusively in India, has elongated and narrow roots. The leaf blades emerge from the petioles. Rounded buds. The indigenous people of India prepare starch from the roots of the plant. To do this, carefully washed roots are ground into a homogeneous mass, which is then filtered. The resulting gruel is dried and used as starch.
Turmeric zedoaria is widespread in Indonesia, southern China, Thailand and, of course, India. It is a tall, erect plant. At the base of the long, oblong leaves, dark purple veins stand out. The color of the bracts is pink. During flowering, the bushes exude a rich aroma. The inflorescences extend directly from the rhizome, which is in the shape of a pear. The roots have a pungent camphor smell, they taste bitter and pungent. This type of turmeric is added to many liqueurs and confectionery sweets.
Small turmeric is a compact green plant with a branched root system and many small tubers. The leaf blades have a purple hue and red streaks, formed from the petioles. Their length can reach up to 20 cm. The buds are yellow in appearance, they look in the form of an ellipse. There are pale purple corollas inside. The flowering period lasts several months. Turmeric blooms in early August. The plant has no valuable properties, except for visual appeal.
Turmeric roots contain a high content of starch and essential oils. The source of the specific yellow hue is the polyphenol curcumin. In addition, parts of the plant are rich in lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins B, C, E, K, trace elements, polyunsaturated fatty acids and dietary fiber. Such a unique chemical composition of turmeric suppresses the development of viruses, microbes, inflammatory reactions, strengthens the immune system and increases the body's ability to resist the effects of various infections, restores tissues, tones the body, warms up and accelerates internal blood circulation. This perennial is considered a natural antiseptic that can disinfect open wounds and burns. The use of turmeric can slow down melanoma processes and destroy new accumulations of cancer cells. The substances contained in the plant can stop the development of Alzheimer's disease. They break down the clots of amyloid plaques that form inside the brain.
The risk of developing metastatic cells of any cancer is significantly reduced. If you use the spice together with cauliflower, you can achieve inhibition of malignant prostate tumors. When prescribing a course of chemotherapy, doctors recommend adding turmeric to food to reduce the negative effects of toxic medications. The spice is also used in the treatment of obesity, diabetes and arthritis. In Chinese medicine, it is considered the strongest psychotropic that successfully helps in the treatment of depression. Due to the composition rich in microelements, the use of the powder accelerates the regeneration processes, has a positive effect on the healing of skin diseases - eczema and psoriasis. On the basis of turmeric and aloe juice, a special paste is made that can heal wounds from serious burns.
This spice is an excellent tool in the prevention of influenza, it is prescribed for severe coughs, headaches, chronic forms of diarrhea, ulcerative colic. Many weight loss techniques strongly recommend adding turmeric frequently during cooking. To quickly remove extra pounds, people who are obese are advised to drink a glass of kefir at night, in which it is necessary to dilute half a teaspoon of spice. This drink should be taken within one or two months for best results.
Turmeric is capable of having a powerful effect on the human body. If you use a spice as a medicine, you need to consult a doctor, since there are certain contraindications. For example, for people suffering from urolithiasis, this product is not recommended for food. Pregnant women and children under the age of five should also refrain from consuming turmeric. In other cases, it is well absorbed and regulates metabolic processes.
Golden Milk or Turmeric Milk is a bright yellow drink in Indian cuisine.
It is popular not only for its taste. Golden milk is used in alternative medicine to treat diseases and strengthen the immune system.
Golden Milk Components:
The air temperature in a room with turmeric in the warm season should not exceed 22-24 ° C. With the onset of autumn, it is necessary to gradually reduce this figure to 10-15 ° C. It is this temperature that will allow the plant to overwinter without much difficulty.
Long turmeric is a moisture-loving plant. An indispensable condition for the cultivation of this spice is high humidity, which is achieved by saturated watering and spraying the leaves. But this must be done with great care. If excess moisture gets on the flowers, then they can become covered with brown spots from interaction with water. Watering is done every 2-3 days in spring and summer. As soon as you notice the top of the soil is drying out. In the autumn and winter periods of time, the frequency of watering is gradually reduced. It is very important to avoid stagnation of water in the turmeric pot during the dormant period of the rhizome.
It is advisable to fertilize the soil during the growing season, which lasts from April to September. Enough 1-2 dressings per month. Mineral and organic fertilizers must be alternated with each other.
Once the turmeric has completely bloomed, cut off the branches, leaving no more than 10 centimeters in length. Do not be intimidated by the process of leaf dying off, which begins in late autumn. This is how the plant prepares for a state of long dormancy.
In the Ginger family, Zingiberaceae, there is another plant that helps people to be healthy, smart and beautiful. It is very beautiful itself, especially in flowering form, however, in order to use it for medicinal and cosmetic purposes, you need to know its properties well. However, this applies to any plant - even to the one that grows under our feet since childhood.
Turmeric long, Curcuma longa L. Synonyms: Curcuma domestica Valet., Homemade turmeric Curcuma rotunda cultured turmeric.
Other names: haridra, kanchani, nisha (Sanskrit) Haldi (Hindi) turmeric, yellow root, yellow ginger, Indian saffron (Slavic languages) some types of turmeric are called "Siamese tulip" Turmeric, Indian saffron (English) Safran des Indes, Terre-mérite, Souchet des Indes (French) Indischer Safran, Gelbwurz (German) Cúrcuma, Azafrán arabe (Spanish) Huang jiang, Jiang huang, Yu jin, Yu jin xiang gen (Chinese / Mandarin) Kunyit, Kunir Daun kunyit (leaves) ( Indonesian) Bot nghe, Cu nghe, Nghe, Uat kim, Khuong hoang (Vietnamese) Kha min chan, Khamin heluong, Kha min (Thai) Ukon, Tamerikku (Japanese), etc.
Brief historical information: India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia are considered the birthplace of turmeric. Turmeric has been known as a spice for more than two and a half thousand years. In ancient Vedic treatises on medicine and astrology, turmeric is often described as a remedy used in many ceremonies, rituals, incl. as a talisman. In India, turmeric is still used in many rituals. For example, preparing for a wedding ceremony, a woman applies turmeric to her body to cleanse her previous karma.
In the 1st century AD, turmeric was introduced to Ancient Greece and since then has been constantly imported into Europe. The Greeks called it "yellow ginger". In the 16-17 centuries. Turmeric was known in Western Europe as "terra merita" - "worthy land" (hence the name "turmeric"). The merchants called turmeric "Indian saffron". Turmeric is widely used throughout the East (especially in Southeast Asia) as a seasoning, dye, and medicinal-cosmetic product.
Long turmeric - a perennial herb up to 1 meter high and above with white-yellow flowers. Other types and varieties of turmeric have flowers in different shades - from white-yellow to pink-red. The plant blooms and bears fruit in March-May.
The main raw material is turmeric rhizome, Rhizoma Curcumae, which is used raw and dried, as well as to obtain essential oil. The roots are harvested in autumn or winter. They are dug up, washed thoroughly, sawn into pieces and dried in the sun. After drying, the rhizome retains its yellow-orange color. In order for it to become harder and acquire an intense orange hue, after collecting and cleaning it, it is briefly immersed in boiling water, and only after that it is dried and polished. In Asia, whole dried turmeric roots are stored in bags, and the powder obtained from the roots is packed in airtight containers.
Turmeric root contains starch, yellow pigment curcumin, essential oil, sesquiterpenes, sabinet, alkaloids, lactone, calcium, iron, phosphorus, iodine, B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin A.
Energy: bitter, astringent, pungent, warming. Has a pungent effect after digestion.
Doshas (Ayurveda): reduces Kapha, balances Vata, but can increase Pitta.
"Turmeric gives energy to the Divine Mother and bestows prosperity. It is effective for cleansing the chakras, as it cleans the channels of the subtle body. Turmeric promotes elasticity of the ligaments, so it is good to use it for those who practice hatha yoga" (D. Frawley, V. Lad "Yoga of herbs ").
Pharmachologic effect: stimulating, carminative, improving metabolism, healing, hemostatic, antibacterial, choleretic, regulating menstruation, secretory (promotes mucus separation), soothing helps with poisoning with chemicals and insecticides, as well as with violations of the daily regimen. It affects all tissue elements, especially the digestive and respiratory systems, as well as the circulatory system.
Preparations: infusion, decoction, milk broth, powder, paste (ointment), essential oil, medicinal herbal oil (thaila).
Contraindications and warnings: pregnancy, individual intolerance, acute jaundice and acute hepatitis, increased Pitta.
The use of any type of turmeric is contraindicated while taking immunosuppressants and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
In large doses, it has an irritating effect, incl. on the stomach, dry mouth and throat may occur. Subject to the dosage standards, side effects are not observed. Turmeric should not be consumed in large quantities for hypoglycemia, but it is possible to use it in very small quantities for cooking.
It is advisable not to consume any form of ginger or turmeric before surgery, as these plants thin the blood.
Medicinal and cosmetic use. Turmeric is an excellent natural antibiotic and strong antiseptic that simultaneously improves digestion and helps normalize the intestinal microflora. Thanks to this, turmeric serves as a good antibacterial agent for debilitated and chronic patients. It not only cleanses the blood, but also warms it, stimulates the formation of new blood cells.
Turmeric cleanses the intestines from excess mucus, normalizes the activity of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Regulates metabolism, correcting both redundancy and insufficiency of metabolic processes, promotes protein absorption.
Turmeric reduces blood sugar with diabetes and helps its treatment in the early stages, promotes the correct formation of urine, treats stomach ulcers, gastritis. It is effective in certain liver diseases. Reduces the secretion and acidity of gastric juice, reduces blood cholesterol.
Medicinal formulations based on turmeric are also used for anemia, cough, bronchial asthma, jaundice, indigestion, kidney stones, etc.
External use. Turmeric can be used to treat sprains, bruises, itching (including with honey) in the form of compresses for abscesses, burns, wounds and tumors, helps with toothache and gum problems. Turmeric paste is a good remedy for hemorrhoids.
Turmeric is a skin tonic, is part of numerous herbal pastes, powders, creams. It improves complexion, cleanses the skin, opens sweat glands, heals cracks, improves blood flow. For the same purpose, it is taken orally (including in the form of a milk broth).
In some cases, the use of a particular plant as a medicine requires special art and skills, I have already talked about this with the example of ginger. This suggests that you also need to know the nature and principles of action of a particular substance, allowing you to apply it under certain conditions. The anti-cancer properties of turmeric were known to ancient sages, it slows down the growth of melanoma cells in the treatment of breast and pancreatic cancer. "According to American scientists, turmeric can prevent the development of prostate cancer, and the use of the active component of turmeric in combination with other biologically active substances of plant origin can stop the development of cancerous tumors in the late stages of the disease" (B. Ragozin). Turmeric is now used in some AIDS treatment programs. however, in all such cases, self-medication is unacceptable!
Another example confirming an exception to the rule. To ensure that the baby has beautiful skin, pregnant Indian women regularly take turmeric (it also contributes to quick recovery after childbirth and reducing stretch marks and scars on the skin). As you can see, this contradicts the general contraindications for taking turmeric, therefore, Western women do not need to conduct such experiments at home without personal consultation with the appropriate specialists.
Cultivation and ornamental gardening: turmeric is grown on plantations in Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Korea, China, Japan, Madagascar, the Caribbean, the Caucasus, etc. One of the major suppliers of turmeric to many countries of the world is India. Representatives of the ginger family (for example, ginger, turmeric) have been trying themselves as decorative flowering potted plants since the 1990s, they are very spectacular and beautiful!
Cooking: Turmeric has a faint, subtle aroma that becomes stronger and more pleasant when heated. Widely used in Asian cuisine, it is added to baked goods and sweet dishes.
Turmeric gives dishes not only a golden yellow color, but also freshness, since it has the property of increasing the shelf life of culinary products. A very small amount of turmeric powder is required for coloring food.
Other application: pesticide and dye.
There are more than 40 types of turmeric, but in addition to the longest turmeric, the most famous and often used in the food and drug-cosmetic industries are also Curcuma aromatica Salisb. - aromatic turmeric, Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe - turmeric zedoaria and turmeric round (the latter is used mainly for the production of starch).
Zedoary or "citrine root" - the aromatic root of one of the curcuma species of Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe - is one of the most celebrated spices of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
The simplest medicines and cosmetics.
With a sore throat. Rinses. For a glass of warm water 1/2 tsp. salt and 1/2 tsp. Mix turmeric well, let it brew.
In order to bring the boil to ripeness: ginger + turmeric in the form of a paste cooked in water.
If there is turmeric in the house, then besides lavender essential oil, this is the simplest and easiest remedy for treating fresh bruises, bruises and minor burns (it also acts as a pain reliever). See also the Lavender Path article series.
Classic Ayurvedic ubtan... Ubtan is a remedy for removing oil residues after a massage, it has only 2 main components, which are taken in appropriate proportions: legume / grain flour and vegetable powder (most often turmeric). For example, 8 parts chickpea flour, 1/16 part turmeric powder.
These books were published in different publishers repeatedly and in different years, for work I used, incl. the originals are in English, so I give only authors and titles.
Every day, in the morning - a bright and juicy cocktail, in the evening - a calm fermented milk smoothie. On weekends - peeling and wrapping with turmeric.
One of the best combinations is apple, orange, carrot and turmeric. Pumpkin gives the cocktail a special aroma. You can replace carrots with pumpkin, or you can add both.
To make a cocktail, you will need:
Fresh vegetables and fruits must be prepared. Add turmeric to the freshly squeezed juice and stir well. It is better to drink through a straw: it tastes better and is less harmful to the tooth enamel.
Bright and positive orange color, fresh and invigorating aroma, great taste. And also a whole set of usefulness: vitamins, minerals, fiber.
Tested: if you take this drink every day, the tan lays down smoother, and the tan color becomes golden. This cocktail works equally well for tanning beds and natural sun. The tan will last longer.
To prepare one portion you will need:
In a blender jar, add one and a half tablespoons of a mixture of flaxseed and oatmeal, half a glass of fruit, turmeric and fructose. Pour over yogurt and stir. Leave for five minutes. Beat well in a blender.
In order not to waste a lot of time in the evenings, flax and oats can be ground in advance and stored in a glass or plastic container with a lid. Cut pineapple and mango into cubes and freeze in portions.
In stores, flax and fructose can be found in the sections of healthy food, products for diabetics. Flax seeds are sold at the pharmacy.
According to the recipe, you need to brew the tumeric with boiling water, insist, dilute with hot milk, season with honey and drink before bedtime.
Analysis of the chemical composition of the products and their combinations showed neither fat burning nor cleansing function. Ten days of consuming turmeric milk, unfortunately, did not affect body weight. Neither plus nor minus. Therefore, the benefits of this drink for weight correction are questionable.
Warm turmeric milk is undeniably beneficial:
Mix one tablespoon of baking soda, turmeric and sugar with shower gel or liquid soap. Intensively massage the steamed skin in problem areas with the prepared peeling. Wash off with warm water and apply a wrap mass.
You will need turmeric, mustard powder, vegetable oil, and warm water. Any base oil or edible unrefined oil can be used.
Mix together one tablespoon of turmeric powder and mustard powder, add 2 tablespoons of warm water, stir so that there are no lumps. Pour in 1 tablespoon of oil.
Apply the resulting mixture to the skin after peeling, wrap with foil and leave for half an hour. Wash off with warm water.
Be aware that turmeric can stain skin, clothing, and objects around you.
If you want to experience the effect of turmeric on yourself, but the taste and smell of this spice does not cause optimism, know that the "Turmeric" dietary supplement is sold in capsules. You can find it in stores of Indian, Thai, Chinese, Japanese goods.
Turmeric essential oil is not suitable for ingestion, but it has shown itself very well in a mixture with base oils for wrapping, peeling, and enriching creams.
A medicinal and spicy powder mixture is made from the roots of turmeric. It contains vitamins, microelements, macronutrients, starch, essential oils.
In addition, the spice has a coloring property, therefore, when using it, contact with the skin of the fingers and nails should be avoided.
Mix the yolk of a chicken egg with a spoonful of honey, olive oil and turmeric powder. Dilute the mixture with a spoonful of water or milk. Mix the ingredients and apply the mixture to the scalp for 45 minutes. The mask provides complete nutrition to weakened hair.
Pour gelatin with milk and leave it to swell in a warm place. Add a spoonful of glycerin, a spoonful of spices to it. We mix the ingredients so that no lumps remain. Apply the mask to the hair and let stand for 30 minutes. After the procedure, we wash off the hair with water.