Tulips are a symbol of spring. If you start leaving them right away, as soon as green shoots break out of the ground, they will bloom by the May holidays. And for this you need to know how, when and how to feed these flowers.
At the beginning of growth, tulips need nitrogen, so with the first rays of the sun, when the soil dries up a little, scatter a composition consisting of two parts of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and one part of potassium salt over the area. 50 g of this fertilizer is calculated for 1 square meter. After such feeding, the soil is thoroughly watered.
The second feeding is carried out when the tulips reach 7-10 centimeters in height. During this period, they need ammonium nitrate and superphosphate. The composition is diluted in 10 liters of water at the rate of 30-40 g of nitrate, 20-30 g of superphosphate. This amount is needed to fertilize 1 square meter of the area planted with tulips.
The third dressing is needed for the buds. At this point, nitrogen is excluded, the plant needs phosphorus and potassium. During the budding period, tulips take a mullein solution well. For its preparation, the following ratio of water and mullein is taken: 30: 1. Also, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate and potassium sulfate. In both versions, 20 g of the composition is taken for 10 liters of water.
But for the fourth time, it is necessary to feed the flowers in order to form large buds and to prolong their flowering. As soon as the flower begins to bloom and color, a mullein solution is made and mixed with 40 grams of superphosphate and 15 grams of potassium fertilizer. Produce abundant watering at the root.
Another useful top dressing can be made with yeast. It is enough to take dry yeast (1 tbsp. Spoon), dilute them with warm water (1 l), add granulated sugar (40 g) and leave to infuse for 2-3 hours. Then dilute the yeast concentrate with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and fertilize the plants.
Tulips are good at feeding from a banana peel. It contains a lot of potassium, magnesium, calcium and a little phosphorus. These elements are needed for good flowering. Banana skins are pre-dried and then brewed according to the example of brewing tea, kept for several hours. The resulting composition is used immediately to prevent fermentation.
Tulips can be watered with infusion of tea leaves, and the tea leaves can be taken already used. To do this, pour 3 liters of boiling water over 1 glass of dry tea of repeated use and insist. This fertilizer will enrich the soil with sodium, magnesium, and iron.
Don't throw away the coffee grounds either. It is distributed around the plant to improve the biological activity of the soil. The coffee composition helps tulips to better absorb elements from the soil (copper, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and others), and also attracts earthworms, which create looseness in the ground.
Every florist at some point thinks about how to grow spring flowers on his windowsill. But forcing tulips at home requires adherence to some important principles, without which it is impossible to get beautiful flowers for cutting.
First of all, you need to decide on the timing when you want to receive flowers. The choice of the variety depends on this. As you know, tulip bulbs, like hyacinths, have a so-called cooling period, which lasts from 16 to 22 weeks, depending on the variety. It is important to observe this period in order to bring the ripening of the bulb closer to natural conditions.
If you want to get a flower for the new year, you need to choose early varieties, and if for the May holidays, then choose later ones.
Distillation is an event making flowers open at a given time of the year... In the conditions of our country in winter, flowers are dormant. This defense mechanism allows bulbous plants to survive the cold.
At first glance, life inside the bulb freezes, but in fact complex processes take place there., and the organs of the future flower are laid.
The flower grower has the ability to influence the bulbs by certain factors. This activates them and allows you to get fresh tulips of the selected variety for any date.
The seed only becomes active after a cooling period. Low temperatures lead to the formation of substances in it that will be necessary for a young plant during growth and flowering. That is, during the forcing process, it will be necessary to provide conditions for lowering the temperature. The time of exposure to cold depends on the tulip variety. On average, this period takes 16 to 22 weeks.
Forcing consists of several stages:
Experienced growers advise to start preparing the bulbs for distillation while they are in the ground. It's about taking good care of your plants, the rhizomes of which will then be used at home. It is necessary not only to carry out all agrotechnical measures, but also not to forget about decapitation.
In order for the plant to quickly and easily adapt to indoor conditions, it is necessary to select large, hard bulbs for planting. They should be free from defects: dark spots, scratches, holes, rot. It is better to plant the purchased flower bulbs for indoor cultivation immediately in pots. If the bulbs need to be stored somewhere before planting, then for this they choose a ventilated room where it is dry and warm, since in a damp and cool place the bulbs can take root ahead of time or be attacked by a fungus.
To grow tulips in an apartment by March 8, you need not only to properly prepare the planting material and soil for it, but also to carry out the landing with the correct sequence of actions, which boils down to several points.
If you follow the instructions and take seriously the procedure for germinating tulips, then forcing flowers will not pose any particular problems., and by spring it will be possible to get a large bouquet, or even more than one, and please all the fair sex.
The climate in Siberia is not quite suitable for the cultivation of an orchard and vegetable garden. To get a harvest, you must strictly adhere to the rules for planting and caring for plants. Planting tulips in autumn in Siberia guarantees their timely and lush bloom in spring.
Dates of planting tulips in Siberia
Siberia is considered a zone of risky farming, therefore, in order to obtain the results of your labor, you should strictly follow the rules of planting and caring for plants.
Tulip bulbs take root for a little more than a month, so the timing must be chosen carefully. Bulbous plants should have time to grow a good root system before freezing in the morning.
Gardeners should keep a close eye on changes in the weather. They begin to plant tulips in autumn in Siberia when the temperature reaches zero at night. Usually in this area, such a moment falls on the second decade of September.
The timing of garden work is short enough and you need to manage to plant the seeds during this time.
Particular attention is paid to the choice of a landing site. For growing tulips, an area protected from the wind is suitable, which receives a lot of sun. With a lack of light, the buds are poorly formed, they will be small and ugly, the flowers will soon wither.
The soil must be moisture-absorbing. For aeration, wood ash and sand are added to the ground before planting. Bulbs that receive a sufficient amount of the necessary substances during the growth period develop a powerful root system that contributes to the appearance of large flowers.
If the soil is loose and contains an impressive amount of sand, it needs to be fed and watered regularly. Too viscous soil does not allow oxygen to flow to the roots of flowers, and they begin to rot. It is recommended to loosen such soil regularly.
For the successful planting of tulips in Siberia, it is also necessary to observe the correct storage conditions for the bulbs. The quality of future flowers depends on this. It is necessary to store the planting material in such a way that it does not dry out, rot or be nibbled by mice.
In the room where the bulbs are stored, the following parameters must be monitored:
Experienced gardeners recommend wrapping the bulbs in a newspaper - this will save the planting material.
It is necessary to process the seeds before planting. This procedure improves survival and prevents diseases and pests. For this, you can use both special preparations and folk remedies.
Before planting bulbs in open ground, the following measures should be taken:
It is necessary to choose frost-resistant varieties
Floriculture requires special attention, as it is necessary to select plants that can adapt to harsh weather conditions and produce healthy offspring. Tulips, which tolerate Siberian frosts well and delight with their flowering with the onset of the first warm days, would be an excellent choice.
With proper planting and care, almost all varieties will delight you with fast germination and beautiful flowers.
But the best results when growing tulips in Siberia are obtained when using the following varieties:
Almost all of these tulips bloom early. They should be planted in open ground in the fall, until frost occurs. Medium to large bulbs are preferred.
Plants should be planted in pre-prepared soil. 7-10 days before planting, the bed is dug to the depth of the base of the shovel. Planting depth is of great importance in the harsh climatic conditions of Western Siberia.
If the bulbs are planted shallow, they will simply freeze out in winter. Too much deepening leads to the fact that the plants do not emerge in due time, since they do not have enough strength to break through. The deep fit also prevents babies from tying.
The bulbs should be planted in furrows dug about 15 cm apart. A layer of sand about 4 cm is poured at the bottom of the pits. The bulbs are placed at a distance of 7 to 10 cm. It is recommended to plant planting material of different diameters mixed. Moreover, even with the death of some specimens, abundant flowering is achieved. So that the roots of the bulbs do not break off, it is recommended to plant them carefully, without pressing hard into the ground.
Sprinkle the seeds with manure or humus on top. The topsoil is carefully leveled. When planting in dry weather, the beds must be moistened. In winter, the beds should be covered with branches, straw or peat.
When leaving, special attention should be paid to fertilizing the plantings. Excessive organic matter when grown outdoors will adversely affect flowering. Peduncles are bent, and the buds and flowers themselves acquire an irregular shape. This applies to all varieties of tulips.
The use of fresh manure as fertilizer leads to decay of the root system. Growth and development are positively influenced by green manure plants, which are plowed into the ground before planting the bulbs.
The complex climatic conditions of the region force gardeners to dig up bulbous plants from the ground at the end of each season. If flowers are left for the winter, they may die. In surviving plants, the buds become smaller, and the plantings thicken.
Tulips should be dug out on time - it comes immediately after they have faded, and more than half of the leaves have fallen off. It is preferable to do this in dry, sunny weather. Flowers are allowed to be planted in the same place only after 3-4 years.
Planting tulips in Siberia in the fall requires careful observance of all the rules. Only in this case can you enjoy the abundant flowering of the plant afterwards and get healthy material for further reproduction.
What is a spring garden without primroses and what primroses are without daffodils? These flowers look beautiful in bouquets, in flower beds, in garden compositions. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the recommendations of landscape designers for growing daffodils on the site.
The most expressive recommendations are illustrations, photos and pictures. In the next collection of 10 interesting examples of landscape design with the participation of daffodils.
In general, we can say that daffodils are flowers that are unlikely to have a lot of problems. If you have already studied a lot of theory, and your "intellectual soil" has been enriched with new knowledge, in practice everything will go much easier. Successful planting and beauty to your site!
For information on how to properly care for daffodils, see the next video.