How to feed tulips so that they bloom for the May holidays


Tulips are a symbol of spring. If you start leaving them right away, as soon as green shoots break out of the ground, they will bloom by the May holidays. And for this you need to know how, when and how to feed these flowers.

Nitrogen fertilizing

At the beginning of growth, tulips need nitrogen, so with the first rays of the sun, when the soil dries up a little, scatter a composition consisting of two parts of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate and one part of potassium salt over the area. 50 g of this fertilizer is calculated for 1 square meter. After such feeding, the soil is thoroughly watered.

Second feeding

The second feeding is carried out when the tulips reach 7-10 centimeters in height. During this period, they need ammonium nitrate and superphosphate. The composition is diluted in 10 liters of water at the rate of 30-40 g of nitrate, 20-30 g of superphosphate. This amount is needed to fertilize 1 square meter of the area planted with tulips.

Top dressing for buds

The third dressing is needed for the buds. At this point, nitrogen is excluded, the plant needs phosphorus and potassium. During the budding period, tulips take a mullein solution well. For its preparation, the following ratio of water and mullein is taken: 30: 1. Also, the soil is fertilized with superphosphate and potassium sulfate. In both versions, 20 g of the composition is taken for 10 liters of water.

Top dressing during flowering

But for the fourth time, it is necessary to feed the flowers in order to form large buds and to prolong their flowering. As soon as the flower begins to bloom and color, a mullein solution is made and mixed with 40 grams of superphosphate and 15 grams of potassium fertilizer. Produce abundant watering at the root.

Yeast feeding

Another useful top dressing can be made with yeast. It is enough to take dry yeast (1 tbsp. Spoon), dilute them with warm water (1 l), add granulated sugar (40 g) and leave to infuse for 2-3 hours. Then dilute the yeast concentrate with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and fertilize the plants.

Banana peel top dressing

Tulips are good at feeding from a banana peel. It contains a lot of potassium, magnesium, calcium and a little phosphorus. These elements are needed for good flowering. Banana skins are pre-dried and then brewed according to the example of brewing tea, kept for several hours. The resulting composition is used immediately to prevent fermentation.

Top dressing from tea leaves

Tulips can be watered with infusion of tea leaves, and the tea leaves can be taken already used. To do this, pour 3 liters of boiling water over 1 glass of dry tea of ​​repeated use and insist. This fertilizer will enrich the soil with sodium, magnesium, and iron.

Top dressing from coffee grounds

Don't throw away the coffee grounds either. It is distributed around the plant to improve the biological activity of the soil. The coffee composition helps tulips to better absorb elements from the soil (copper, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and others), and also attracts earthworms, which create looseness in the ground.


Winter forcing tulips at home.

Every florist at some point thinks about how to grow spring flowers on his windowsill. But forcing tulips at home requires adherence to some important principles, without which it is impossible to get beautiful flowers for cutting.

First of all, you need to decide on the timing when you want to receive flowers. The choice of the variety depends on this. As you know, tulip bulbs, like hyacinths, have a so-called cooling period, which lasts from 16 to 22 weeks, depending on the variety. It is important to observe this period in order to bring the ripening of the bulb closer to natural conditions.

If you want to get a flower for the new year, you need to choose early varieties, and if for the May holidays, then choose later ones.


The essence of distillation

Distillation is an event making flowers open at a given time of the year... In the conditions of our country in winter, flowers are dormant. This defense mechanism allows bulbous plants to survive the cold.

At first glance, life inside the bulb freezes, but in fact complex processes take place there., and the organs of the future flower are laid.

The flower grower has the ability to influence the bulbs by certain factors. This activates them and allows you to get fresh tulips of the selected variety for any date.


The seed only becomes active after a cooling period. Low temperatures lead to the formation of substances in it that will be necessary for a young plant during growth and flowering. That is, during the forcing process, it will be necessary to provide conditions for lowering the temperature. The time of exposure to cold depends on the tulip variety. On average, this period takes 16 to 22 weeks.

Forcing consists of several stages:

  1. Proper storage of bulbs after removal from soil.
  2. Rooting. This is the stage of cooling the breeding material.
  3. Forcing, or the process of growing tulips in an apartment.

Experienced growers advise to start preparing the bulbs for distillation while they are in the ground. It's about taking good care of your plants, the rhizomes of which will then be used at home. It is necessary not only to carry out all agrotechnical measures, but also not to forget about decapitation.


Selection of bulbs for growing

In order for the plant to quickly and easily adapt to indoor conditions, it is necessary to select large, hard bulbs for planting. They should be free from defects: dark spots, scratches, holes, rot. It is better to plant the purchased flower bulbs for indoor cultivation immediately in pots. If the bulbs need to be stored somewhere before planting, then for this they choose a ventilated room where it is dry and warm, since in a damp and cool place the bulbs can take root ahead of time or be attacked by a fungus.


How to plant?

To grow tulips in an apartment by March 8, you need not only to properly prepare the planting material and soil for it, but also to carry out the landing with the correct sequence of actions, which boils down to several points.

  • Determination of the most appropriate planting dates for bulbs, depending on the date of their intended flowering.
  • Have or purchase quality bulbs with you.
  • Have a landing container and soil available. Most often tulips are grown in pots, which can accommodate 3 to 5 bulbs, depending on the size.
  • The container is almost completely filled with soil.
  • The bulbs must be planted in containers by gently pressing them into the soil. In this case, the distance between them can be from 1 to 2 cm, no more. When the planting material is in place, you need to cover it with the rest of the substrate or sand so that the tips of the bulbs remain on top.
  • It is important to place the bulbs in the container so that they do not come into contact with each other, and also do not interact with the walls of the container, where they will grow.
  • As soon as all the work is completed, the soil is well watered with water, and the entire container is placed in the refrigerator.
  • In cold conditions, tulip buds are aged throughout the winter and are removed from the refrigerator only a month before they are supposed to bloom.
  • To activate the growth of the bulbs, the temperature gradually rises, the soil is kept moist. About a week is needed in order to bring it to +17.18 degrees from zero or low temperatures, when the planting material was in hibernation.
  • As soon as green sprouts appear, it is necessary to provide lighting, which will help accelerate the growth of the future flower and achieve its flowering on time.
  • When the sprouts become more than 6 cm tall, it is worth changing their location, the most comfortable conditions for them will be on the windowsill. The presence of light, heat and watering will do the trick, and the flowers will grow. If it is not possible to grow at home, this can be done in a greenhouse, which is built in advance, taking into account all the necessary requirements. It is important that the inside be able to regulate the temperature. The technology in this case will not differ significantly, the predominant factors will remain temperature, light and moisture.
  • In the event that tulips begin to bloom faster than necessary, you can lower the temperature slightly, which will slow down development and prolong the flowering period. If the holiday is already close, and the buds still do not open in any way, it is worth using the opposite method, raising the temperature to +23 degrees, which will activate the growth of the culture and give the desired flowering.

If you follow the instructions and take seriously the procedure for germinating tulips, then forcing flowers will not pose any particular problems., and by spring it will be possible to get a large bouquet, or even more than one, and please all the fair sex.


Planting tulips in autumn in Siberia: timing

The climate in Siberia is not quite suitable for the cultivation of an orchard and vegetable garden. To get a harvest, you must strictly adhere to the rules for planting and caring for plants. Planting tulips in autumn in Siberia guarantees their timely and lush bloom in spring.

Dates of planting tulips in Siberia

Tulip planting time

Siberia is considered a zone of risky farming, therefore, in order to obtain the results of your labor, you should strictly follow the rules of planting and caring for plants.

Tulip bulbs take root for a little more than a month, so the timing must be chosen carefully. Bulbous plants should have time to grow a good root system before freezing in the morning.

Gardeners should keep a close eye on changes in the weather. They begin to plant tulips in autumn in Siberia when the temperature reaches zero at night. Usually in this area, such a moment falls on the second decade of September.

The timing of garden work is short enough and you need to manage to plant the seeds during this time.

Landing place

Particular attention is paid to the choice of a landing site. For growing tulips, an area protected from the wind is suitable, which receives a lot of sun. With a lack of light, the buds are poorly formed, they will be small and ugly, the flowers will soon wither.

The soil must be moisture-absorbing. For aeration, wood ash and sand are added to the ground before planting. Bulbs that receive a sufficient amount of the necessary substances during the growth period develop a powerful root system that contributes to the appearance of large flowers.

If the soil is loose and contains an impressive amount of sand, it needs to be fed and watered regularly. Too viscous soil does not allow oxygen to flow to the roots of flowers, and they begin to rot. It is recommended to loosen such soil regularly.

Preparing the bulbs

For the successful planting of tulips in Siberia, it is also necessary to observe the correct storage conditions for the bulbs. The quality of future flowers depends on this. It is necessary to store the planting material in such a way that it does not dry out, rot or be nibbled by mice.

In the room where the bulbs are stored, the following parameters must be monitored:

  • The temperature should not exceed 20 °. Before planting in the ground, the temperature must be lowered to 15 °.
  • Humidity. Excessive dampness in the storage increases the risk of fungus and bacterial infections in the planting material.
  • Proper ventilation.

Experienced gardeners recommend wrapping the bulbs in a newspaper - this will save the planting material.

It is necessary to process the seeds before planting. This procedure improves survival and prevents diseases and pests. For this, you can use both special preparations and folk remedies.

Before planting bulbs in open ground, the following measures should be taken:

  • Analysis of planting material. The bulbs are carefully sorted out, discarding the damaged and diseased specimens. The quality of the seed is determined by the density and uniform color, without spots and unevenness.
  • Sorted by size.
  • Hulling. Tough scales are removed, under which foci of infection can be hidden.
  • Disinfection. It is carried out using a pale solution of potassium permanganate, into which the bulbs are dipped for half an hour.

Varieties for planting

It is necessary to choose frost-resistant varieties

Floriculture requires special attention, as it is necessary to select plants that can adapt to harsh weather conditions and produce healthy offspring. Tulips, which tolerate Siberian frosts well and delight with their flowering with the onset of the first warm days, would be an excellent choice.

With proper planting and care, almost all varieties will delight you with fast germination and beautiful flowers.

But the best results when growing tulips in Siberia are obtained when using the following varieties:

  • Parade, Dover, Diplomat - hybrids
  • Dante, Carlton, Bonanza - terry early
  • Diana, Brilliant Star, General de Vet are common.

Almost all of these tulips bloom early. They should be planted in open ground in the fall, until frost occurs. Medium to large bulbs are preferred.

Planting

Plants should be planted in pre-prepared soil. 7-10 days before planting, the bed is dug to the depth of the base of the shovel. Planting depth is of great importance in the harsh climatic conditions of Western Siberia.

If the bulbs are planted shallow, they will simply freeze out in winter. Too much deepening leads to the fact that the plants do not emerge in due time, since they do not have enough strength to break through. The deep fit also prevents babies from tying.

The bulbs should be planted in furrows dug about 15 cm apart. A layer of sand about 4 cm is poured at the bottom of the pits. The bulbs are placed at a distance of 7 to 10 cm. It is recommended to plant planting material of different diameters mixed. Moreover, even with the death of some specimens, abundant flowering is achieved. So that the roots of the bulbs do not break off, it is recommended to plant them carefully, without pressing hard into the ground.

Sprinkle the seeds with manure or humus on top. The topsoil is carefully leveled. When planting in dry weather, the beds must be moistened. In winter, the beds should be covered with branches, straw or peat.

When leaving, special attention should be paid to fertilizing the plantings. Excessive organic matter when grown outdoors will adversely affect flowering. Peduncles are bent, and the buds and flowers themselves acquire an irregular shape. This applies to all varieties of tulips.

The use of fresh manure as fertilizer leads to decay of the root system. Growth and development are positively influenced by green manure plants, which are plowed into the ground before planting the bulbs.

When to dig

The complex climatic conditions of the region force gardeners to dig up bulbous plants from the ground at the end of each season. If flowers are left for the winter, they may die. In surviving plants, the buds become smaller, and the plantings thicken.

Tulips should be dug out on time - it comes immediately after they have faded, and more than half of the leaves have fallen off. It is preferable to do this in dry, sunny weather. Flowers are allowed to be planted in the same place only after 3-4 years.

Conclusion

Planting tulips in Siberia in the fall requires careful observance of all the rules. Only in this case can you enjoy the abundant flowering of the plant afterwards and get healthy material for further reproduction.


Examples in landscape design

What is a spring garden without primroses and what primroses are without daffodils? These flowers look beautiful in bouquets, in flower beds, in garden compositions. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the recommendations of landscape designers for growing daffodils on the site.

  • Daffodils fade, and their leaves will wither for about 1.5-2 months. And since you cannot remove them, you need to think about the aesthetics of this zone. To do this, choose plants with dense foliage as neighbors of the daffodil. The dried parts of the daffodil will be hidden by this foliage, and the wilting flower will not be so conspicuous.
  • If you want to create a light, truly spring landscape, for the daffodils' neighborhood, choose snowdrops and muscari. Late varieties of daffodils can be planted with primrose and brunner.
  • Narcissus can be beautifully and concisely decorate alleys, alpine slides, curbs. Graceful daffodils look especially bright against the background of masonry.

The most expressive recommendations are illustrations, photos and pictures. In the next collection of 10 interesting examples of landscape design with the participation of daffodils.

  • Daffodils in pots look very beautiful, solid, unusual. In addition, you will have a great place on the site for photosets.

  • Daffodils also look beautiful near a wooden fence, and if there are small delicate flowers nearby, this adds prettiness to the picture.

  • Daffodils and tulips are a classic spring couple. For some it is just a flower arrangement, but for many it is the most real, confident breath of blooming spring.

  • Daffodils dancing with the wind in a wooden box Is retro that has become very modern. If you have suitable boxes just empty, it seems that it is known that they will settle in soon.

  • Crocuses, daffodils, tulips can become heroes of one floristic composition. Laconic, stylish and very spring-like.

  • Daffodils next to a tulip flower garden seem to emphasize all the power of their "older brothers". Can grow on both sides of a tulip path.

  • And this is what the flowers look like behind a miniature fence. The participants in the composition may be different, but graceful daffodils are definitely indispensable here.

  • Yellow daffodils framed by bright small flowers are a real work of art created by nature itself. Ideal decoration of the entrance to the house.

  • Increasingly, flowerpots, pots, boxes are used in landscape design., various containers, forcing you to look differently at the flowering on the site. And this laconic example is proof of that.

In general, we can say that daffodils are flowers that are unlikely to have a lot of problems. If you have already studied a lot of theory, and your "intellectual soil" has been enriched with new knowledge, in practice everything will go much easier. Successful planting and beauty to your site!

For information on how to properly care for daffodils, see the next video.


Watch the video: Valentines Day Flowering Fun


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