Potted hedge plants: how, where and when

The potted hedge plants they are a great way to create a barrier capable of keeping the gaze of neighbors or passersby away.

The hedge, in this case, is a practical and extremely interesting solution from an aesthetic point of view and it is precisely for this reason that many choose to create a green fence to keep your private moments safe.

In the common imagination, this type of crop needs large spaces to be built, but what many don't know is that hedge plants can also be used in pot to achieve the same result.

Indeed, this solution requires less effort in terms of design and the only care required is that of look for types of plants which are well suited for this purpose.

In this article we will see which crops to choose for stunning potted hedges and how to manage them so they are strong and lush.

Let's begin!

What characteristics should hedge plants in pots have?

There are many varieties of plants evergreens or trees that lend themselves to being excellent potted hedge plants: all the hedges that are seen in small gardens or on balconies are made using this type of plant.

There are no major limitations that can make their cultivation difficult, but certainly great attention must be paid to choice of container: this, in fact, must be neither too low nor too small in terms of diameter.

Ideal for safeguarding your privacy in the garden

When the chosen pot is too narrow, hedge plants tend not to develop, thus becoming vulnerable to pest and disease attacks; this obviously leads the plant to die prematurely or, in any case, to not fully realize its potential and leaving hedges with empty spaces and certainly not satisfying from an aesthetic point of view.

However, the advice we give you is to choose flowering or evergreen plant; the latter will certainly require less maintenance and will ensure a noteworthy barrier.

How do you create a potted hedge?

While it's not a very complex process, there are some steps to follow to create a truly beautiful and functional hedge.

First of all, you have to choose carefully the jar that will be used: the best option is that of a terracotta and rectangular vase whose diameter must not be narrow (the perfect measurements are 40x70x30 cm).

The vases must be organized and arranged along the perimeter of the zone che you want to circumscribe and delineate, leaving perhaps 40 cm of margin from the border.

Another important precaution is the one concerning the prevention of water stagnation: to do this, it is necessary to apply one layer of gravel and shards on the bottom of the pot on which you will then have to pour some soil capable of creating a perfect drainage system.

In this regard, also the choice of soil it is important: our advice is to choose one with all the nutrients useful to ensure the right amount of resources for the development of your hedge.

Once this is done, you can proceed and plant the plants leaving about 30 cm apart between one specimen and another.

Care to devote to the potted hedge plant

Hedge plants in pots they don't need too much attention or care, but it is still necessary to follow some basic rules to guarantee its correct development and growth.

First, you have to worry water and the right amount of water to dedicate to the plant: the younger specimens, in fact, should be watered during the vegetative restart season and during the warm months of the year.

Generally, plants that are grown in pots require more water than those planted and, for this, it is necessary often test the moisture level of the soil; if the soil is dry, it will be your concern to irrigate it.

Another important fact is the fertilization which must be done at least twice a year (spring and autumn) with slow release fertilizer.

Finally, it should never be overlooked pruning: Pruning potted hedge plants allows them to develop properly and have greater aesthetic value. The interventions there must be two to do, in winter and spring, and their purpose is to eliminate the broken branches and give a beautiful shape to the whole hedge.

Which varieties to choose?

There are so many potted hedge plants to choose from and, for this reason, figuring out which one is right for you is very difficult.

In these next lines we will see together which varieties of evergreen will be ideal for beautifying and protecting your garden or terrace.

The cherry laurel for very high and very dense hedges

The cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) it's a plant evergreen used to create particularly tall hedges and dense that reach even a meter in height.

Her leaves they are green in color, shiny and bright, and grow particularly thickly making them one of the best potted hedge plants for protecting private spaces from curious glances.

In itself, it is one plant easy to care for and manage and this makes it ideal for those with no green thumb experience. Among the essential care must certainly be mentioned the pruning on adult plants to shorten the branches (performed in spring and summer).

So many varieties to choose from

The piracanta for colored and flowery hedges

The piracanta (Pyracantha) is a shrub that can be an excellent hedge plant even on the terrace, if grown in large pots that allow the roots to take up all the space they need.

It has small leaves and turns out to be a plant branched and thorny which forms very compact barriers.

Plus, it's a potted hedge plant that gives gorgeous spring blooms (delicate white inflorescences) which later turn into bright orange berries.

Photinia for a touch of red in the garden

Another hedge plant that adapts to the pot is the photinia or photinia (Photinia × fraseri).

His trademark is his bright red leaves that occur every spring.

The hedge that forms is a lot tall, thick and colorful, without the need to over-treat it.

Oleander for a hedge of character

The oleander (Nerium oleander) is a plant with a great character related to the actually important blooms and its foliage.

The oleander is a potted hedge plant that can be used in areas with a mild climate and which must be grown in fairly sunny positions.

If not pruned and contained, its leaves will start to look quite messy, so every now and then they will go adjusted in height and volume.

Bamboo for design hedges

Bamboo it's a plant with a very particular habit and elegant that can certainly give a touch of design and style to the environment that will host it.

In pots, the bamboo plant lives well and creates barriers particularly dense and high in a short time.

Make sure the container chosen is right for the type of bamboo you choose and that's it.

Do you think the information in this article is incomplete or inaccurate? Send us a report to help us improve!

The magic of an oleander hedge, an ornamental plant with beautiful flowers

L'oleander it is a common ornamental hedge in our country. We are used to seeing the classic oleander hedge in full bloom in the summer in holiday resorts adorning streets and villas. It is a beautiful, resistant and easy to care for plant but did you know that it is a very poisonous plant?

Polygala myrtifolia

There Polygala myrtifolia is an evergreen shrub native to South Africa. This plant is considered among the most present species of ornamental hedge in the two major islands and on the Ligurian Riviera, because its growth is favored by the mild climate.
It looks like a thick shrub, 1m to 2.5m tall with a straight, branched and robust stem, the leaves are green, flat about 2.5cm long, the flowers are a beautiful purple color, even if it exists a variety with white flowers, gathered in 2,5 / 3 cm long twigs.
It blooms intermittently all year round. It resists the sun well, but prefers shady places.
The multiplication is carried out by cuttings, a system widely used for many plants that allows the rooting of a small young branch.

Useful to speed up this process and ensure greater success, can be the use of products based on rooting powder hormones. These in fact favor the formation of robust and healthy roots. We at Portale del Verde have chosen this pack of 3 jars, with an excellent quality / price ratio. Click below and buy them on Amazon.

In young plants of Polygala myrtifolia topping is recommended to favor the emission of lateral shoots.
Pruning is recommended in February, to favor branching, reducing the length of the branches by half.
Polygala is a hedge plant that does easily adapts to all types of well-drained and sunny soil.

Ideal climate and terrain

Laurel is one rustic and adaptable species, which does not have very special needs, although being a Mediterranean essence it certainly finds its ideal conditions along the coast, in the plains or on the hills, up to 800 meters above sea level. However, in winter it is able to tolerate drops in temperatures below zero, as long as they are not too prolonged.

It adapts to various types of soil, as long as they are not asphyxiated, and therefore, despite their variability, they must be sufficiently draining, while as a position it can grow easily.and both in full sun and in partial shade.

Tuia: for an easy hedge

Thuja occidentalis, Thuja orientalis

Both species are large trees (up to 25 m in height and 15 m in diameter) which almost always come bush bred as hedge plants. They have a straight trunk, branched at the base, with brownish and fissured bark. The foliage is dense and erect, sometimes pyramidal. The leaves are flattened and scaly, dark green on the upper page and yellow on the lower one emanate a strong resinous odor. Monoecious species, they produce small and apical male inflorescences, and large female inflorescences that are yellow at first, then brown. The result is small rounded galbuli ("pine cones") with irregular protuberances, green and then blue-black, pruinose.

How to buy thuja

Common plant in nurseries and garden centers, it is even more widespread in dwarf varieties, available everywhere.

Choose specimens with perfectly green leaves, not yellowed or browned (signs of suffering or disease).

Where to put the thuja

It is cultivated in the garden or in a large pot, both as an isolated shrub or arboreal specimen, and as a dense and compact hedge. The smaller specimens (dwarf cultivars) fit harmoniously into the rock garden, as a fifth or central focal point, but can also be grown in jar.

It has to stay outdoors all year round. It tolerates frost and cold wind very well, scorching heat and dryness fairly well, almost no brackish air. It is a plant more suitable for Northern Italy and cool climates in general, where it keeps in good shape and with a beautiful deep green color.

Tuia, how it is grown

Exposure: preferably in the sun or in partial shade (in the shade it tends to empty in the center).

Temperature: resists up to –20 and +40 ° C.

Winter / Summer Precautions: when it snows, promptly shake the white blanket from the foliage to prevent the branches from bending irreversibly with the weight.

Jar: in plastic, with a diameter of min 40 cm for plants 1 m high, min 24 cm for dwarf varieties, repot every 2 years in a container of one size more.

Land: fresh, deep, humid soil or loam but with good drainage, it prefers calcareous soils in particular but also adapts to substrates with other characteristics.

Water: in medium pot, especially in summer and in the first years of life, without ever allowing the soil to dry out too much in winter reduce watering but do not suspend it, if it does not freeze. In the open ground in the first 6 months after planting, then only in particularly dry periods.

Fertilizer: in spring and autumn, of the universal slow release type, both in pots and in the garden.

Pruning: it tolerates all kinds of pruning well, especially if done in winter. Indispensable and drastic after the snow has opened the branches.

Reproduction: by seed, with very long germination and growth times.

Diseases and pests of thuja

The dryness of the thuja it frequently affects specimens living in a climate that is too hot, or where the sultry air stagnates in summer, and part of the foliage dries up.

The planting of the hedge

It is appropriate to choose medium sized plants, about high 150-170cm grown and grown in pots. In this way, the risks of poor take-up are significantly reduced, vigorous development is promoted starting from the year of the plant and considerably reduce the purchase costs of the specimens. However it is also possible, with a significant increase in costs, to opt for the choice of specimens of much larger size, able to immediately provide the required shielding.

The plants that make up a hedge can be planted according to different design designs: they can therefore be arranged in a single straight row or up more parallel bands. The choice depends on the function: for example, the thicker it is, the greater the anti-noise and anti-intrusion capacity.

Depending on the species chosen, the distance between specimen and specimen varies, which must take into account individual development potential. Considering the planting of plants about 150-170 centimeters high, the following distances between plant and plant in the row apply:

  • 100-120cm for Leyland cypress
  • 80-100cm for laurel - piracanthus - viburnum - hornbeam - yew - osmanthus - cherry laurel
  • 50-70cm for privet - rose - raspberry

When planting trees and shrubs, either individually or in the form of hedges, the distances indicated in the Civil Code must be considered. Article 892 states that they must the following distances must be respected from the property border:

  • 3 meters for tall trees, or those whose stem, simple or divided into branches, rises to a considerable height, such as walnuts, chestnuts, oaks, pines, cypresses, elms, poplars and plane trees and the like.
  • 1.5 meters for non-tall trees. Those whose stem, once it has reached a height of three meters, spreads in branches are considered such.
  • 0.5 meters for vines, hedge shrubs and fruit trees not more than two and a half meters high.

Almost all of the species that can be used for home hedges, such as Leyland cypress, hornbeam, yew, must be placed at the distance of 0.5-1.5 m from the property boundaries.

1- From September to the end of October, hedge plants can be planted. After identifying the area, the soil is worked with the spade: the worked strip must be 30-40 cm wide and reach a depth of 40-50 cm.

2 - On the bottom is placed a layer of fertile universal soil and possibly chemical fertilizers in granules rich in nitrogen (a substance that stimulates leaf growth) and phosphorus (promotes rapid rooting), in a dose of about 40-50 grams per linear meter.

3 - Above is the fibrous peat. The various added elements are used to ensure the right fertility to plants, which is essential especially in the initial stages of rooting.

4 - With your hands you mix the soil and peat homogeneously, in order to create a homogeneous and soft base, particularly suitable for the roots that must spread quickly.

5 - To obtain the correct alignment of the hedge it is advisable to place or bury all the pots in which the purchased plants are located, in order to highlight the right straightness in advance. In the photo the laurel plants, on average 130-150 cm tall, which should be placed along the row at about 80-100 cm from each other.

6 - Thoroughly wet the clods by placing the entire container in a bucket of water. Then, with a decisive action and holding the pot with one hand, the plant is extracted from the container.

7 - Dig the hole in the machined strip of adequate size to accommodate the sod just extracted.

8- Each plant must be placed in a hole, making sure that the clod does not protrude from the surface of the ground.

9- The earth around the collar of the plant must be crushed, making sure to create a hole 2-3 cm below the level of the countryside, in order to facilitate the collection of water for irrigation.

10 - Irrigate abundantly and repeat the operation as soon as the soil tends to dry out. Laurel does not want a lot of water but up to the age of 3 it suffers a lot from drought.

Large and single-trunk species (such as Leyland cypress, hornbeam, etc.) must be planted in perfect alignment. So it is advisable that they are immediately tied to wooden poles fixed in the ground: these supports must remain in position for at least two years, until the plants have fully stabilized in their vertical position.

Indicatively for i first two years the hedge must be subjected to limited pruning interventions necessary only to give a harmonious shape to the plants and to stimulate vigorous re-growth able to close the spaces between plant and plant. In the following years more pruning cuts can be made vigorous both on the lateral bands and at the tip, working, for certain species (Leyland cypress, laurel, hornbeam, piracanthus, privet), also twice in the course of a year (late spring and early autumn).

Video: A focus on Photinia hedging: All you need to know about Photinia x fraseri Red Robin

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