Cissus - indoor grape


Cissus is an unpretentious ampelous plant from the Grape family. Many flower growers love him. People call it indoor grape or birch. The Cissus genus has about 300 plant species. They are common in the tropics and subtropics. Typically, cissus are vines that cling to supports with their antennae. The leaves of these plants are whole and dissected.

Indoor grapes cannot boast of lush flowering. It blooms quite rarely. Nondescript, pale cissus flowers are collected in false umbellate inflorescences. Cissus is prized for its beautiful ornamental leaves. It is grown in hanging pots. Caring for him is simple, the plant is great for novice growers. He will be able to green the apartment, and the office, and the hall of a larger building. Indoor conditions are most often grown cissus rhomboid, antarctic and multicolored.

Cissus: care and cultivation at home

Temperature

Indoor grapes are thermophilic plants. In the spring and summer, he prefers a temperature of 18-25 degrees. In addition, it can be taken outside in the summer. In the autumn-winter period, he will be comfortable at a temperature of 18 degrees. It can withstand temperatures as low as 10 ° C, but in such conditions it is better not to contain it. Antarctic cissus can grow at a temperature of 5 ° C, but the capricious multi-colored cissus needs a constant room temperature throughout the year. It must not fall below 16 ° C. It should be borne in mind that cissus does not tolerate drafts. Due to the sudden changes in temperature, indoor grapes can shed their leaves.

Location and lighting

The light-loving Cissus prefers well-lit places. Bright diffused light suits him. Antarctic cissus can grow in partial shade. It can be placed in the halls of offices, government agencies. Some people even grow it in bathrooms. Cissus varicoloured also has no special lighting requirements. But in order for him to grow and develop well, he needs a lot of light. But it must be protected from direct rays of the sun, especially in the summer on the street. Of all the indoor cissus plants, the rhomboid cissus is the most light-loving. Despite his love for sunlight, he needs to be shaded on hot days.

Watering

In the spring-summer period, cissus plants grow very quickly and need abundant watering, since their large deciduous mass evaporates a lot of moisture in summer. But the plant should not be poured, as the roots will rot. Also, you can not overdry the soil. Water the indoor grapes as the top layer of the earth dries up. With the onset of cold weather, watering is reduced. In winter, watering should be moderate, since cissus does not develop so quickly at this time of the year.

Air humidity

Since under natural conditions cisussi grow in tropical and subtropical zones, humid indoor air is very important for them, especially if it is in a dry room. Cissus multicolored is very picky about moisture, it is sprayed more often than other species. Experienced flower growers recommend spraying this plant in winter twice a day. In summer, as well as in houses with moderate humidity, it is sprayed not so often, but regularly. Indoor grapes are very fond of taking a shower. This procedure can please him in the summer. For hygiene reasons, he can take water procedures after winter.

Top dressing

Indoor grapes need regular feeding, especially during periods of intense growth. It is fed with complex mineral fertilizers for non-flowering plants from April to September. Fertilizers are applied every week. In winter, cissus does not need feeding.

Transfer

Since cissus grows and develops very quickly, it is transplanted every year until the plant is five years old. Then it can be replanted every 2-3 years. It is better to prepare an earthen substrate for indoor grapes yourself. The composition of the optimal soil mixture for cissus includes leaf, peat, humus, turf soil and sand (in equal parts). Do not forget about good drainage so that water does not stagnate in the roots of the plant. Expanded clay can be used as drainage.

Pruning

In order for cissus to always look attractive, it must be regularly trimmed and pinched. Every spring, rejuvenating and sanitary pruning is carried out. In order for the plant to branch better, it is necessary to pinch the tops of the shoots. In the process of growth, indoor grapes are given the shape they like.

Reproduction

There is nothing difficult in breeding cissus. It propagates vegetatively using apical cuttings that remain after pruning. Cuttings are treated with a growth enhancer and rooted in water or light earth. To make the plant look more decorative, several rooted cuttings are placed in one pot. Cissus can also be propagated by dividing the bush during transplantation.

Diseases and possible problems

The greatest threats to indoor grapes are spider mites and leaf aphids. Chemicals to control these pests are used very carefully, since the leaves of cissus are very sensitive.

If the cissus leaf plates become convex and concave, the plant should be sprayed more often. Also, dry air in a room can dry out the tips of its leaves. The pale color of the leaves indicates a lack of trace elements. If the plant is growing slowly, it needs to be fed.


Asparagus

Pinnate Asparagus (Asparagus plumosus). Photo: Pinterest.com

Asparagus is a plant belonging to the Asparagus family. The homeland of asparagus is South Africa. Suitable for home cultivation: pinnate asparagus and Sprenger's asparagus.

Asparagus pinnate forms an openwork bush with cascading stems bearing leafy cladodia twigs. Asparagus Sprenger (A) grows overgrown with long hanging shoots (in rooms - up to 1.5 m). Both species are the best indoor plants to withstand light shade (especially the first species). They are widely used in landscaping premises as ampel and liana-like plants.

Asparagus Sprenger

Asparagus pinnate for the first 2 years grows without support, then a ladder (trellis) must be arranged in the pot. The shoots of Sprenger's asparagus grown from seeds are kept straight in the first year, then they go down. In pots, it can be kept with support, but it is more effective to hang it, because then the shoots will fall beautifully down.

Asparagus are propagated by seeds, dividing bushes, and some of their species by cuttings. Sowing is carried out in March - April in light soil. Seedlings are dived into boxes and then planted in pots. At the beginning of summer, asparagus seedlings are transferred into 10-11-centimeter pots and subsequently transplanted as needed.

For asparagus, a soil mixture is recommended, consisting of equal parts of turf and humus or leaf soil, with the addition of horn shavings. Good results are obtained by coating the inner walls of the pots with fresh cow dung.

When growing, asparagus bushes are divided in half or into several parts. Plants respond positively to fertilizing with cow dung infusion. In winter, asparagus are kept at a temperature of + 12-15 ° C, watering carefully. Asparagus shoots can be cut for bouquets.


Grape varieties for Ukraine

For other countries, special varieties are needed, preferably resistant to the appearance of certain diseases. Disease-resistant grape varieties for Ukraine are best suited, which include:

  • Golden resistant. Not susceptible to mildew, but does not tolerate fungal infections such as oidium and gray rot. It is convenient for transportation, is able to maintain its shape, has high yield rates, and is resistant to frost manifestations. Has a pleasant taste and aroma. It is because of this that it can be used for various dining needs.
  • Buffalo. Suitable for growing in the south of the country. The fruits are large and sweet. The variety is resistant to frost manifestations, tolerates fungal diseases. The variety is considered early. This type of grape has a specific taste with a strawberry hue, therefore it is often used as a raw material for making wine.
  • Pineapple grapes. It is a hybrid berry. Resistant to mildew and the harmful effects of pests. The disadvantage of such a green variety of the variety can be considered its unsuitability for making wine, since the variety emits alcohol harmful to the body. You can use this green grape for table purposes, since it is completely harmless when fresh. The berries have a characteristic pineapple scent.

It is worth remembering that, despite the declared resistance to diseases, the use of such varieties does not carry one hundred percent guarantee.

For additional protection, you must use a variety of anti-fungal agents.


Wax ivy

If you like flowering plants, but you are not ready to spend a lot of time and effort on them, try to have hoyu carnosa, or wax ivy (Noua carnosa).

With the very minimum care, this amazing indoor flower grows quickly enough, it pleases with beautiful, dense glossy dark green leaves all year round. If she likes you, she will regularly bloom with beautiful pinkish flowers with drops of sweet nectar.

This plant has an interesting feature - it can bloom several times on one peduncle - faded flowers fall off, and new buds grow in their place.

From spring to autumn, it is advisable to feed scindapsus, cissus, asparagus and hoya every 10 days along with watering. In the dark cold season, feeding is not carried out so as not to cause unwanted growth of weak elongated shoots.

Asparagus, cissus and scindapsus need to be transplanted annually in a slightly larger pot in the spring. Hoya caries in this company is an exception - she loves tight pots. In them, wax ivy blooms much more readily and develops better.

you can start to curl along the support (it is advisable to use sufficiently strong structures that will not bend under the weight of the plant - for example, bamboo, wooden or metal ladders and lattices) or placed in a hanging planter.


Description of Cissus

Cissus is an unpretentious houseplant, hardy and quickly adapts to environmental conditions. Attractive to novice florists, it is also often seen in kindergartens, schools, offices, hospitals and other public places. Suitable for growing in pots and hanging planters, perfectly complements a green corner.

Appearance

The flower family consists of many different flowers and plants. Cissus is a perennial vine that can be either evergreen or shedding foliage.

Escapes very long and flexible, at home they grow up to 3 meters in length. Over the years, the bases of the stems are covered with a rough bark, which peels off over time. The shoots have leaves and tendrils, thanks to which the vine easily clings to surfaces and supports.

This flower has leaves wide, dissected in the middle, glossy surface. Blooming at home is very rare, even with good care, in nature it readily blooms and even bears fruit.

Cissus blooms small green flowers, which are bundled in small inflorescences. If the flowers are pollinated, then you can see black or red berries, inside which there are seeds.

Cissus varieties

Cissus Antarctic

A common type of evergreen plant. This variety adapts well to any conditions, tolerates low humidity and heat, grows easily in the shade.

Leaves are oval, with small denticles at the edges, up to 10 cm long. Outside, the leaf surface is dark green, glossy. The inner part of the leaf has a lighter shade and fluff. Petioles, whiskers and branches are velvety, with dense pubescence, brown. Flowers are miniature, green-yellow in color, collected in dense inflorescences.

Cissus Rhombolic

It is a herbal vine. This variety has thinner and more flexible shoots, it needs support.

Cissus leaves are diamond-shaped and have a jagged leaf edge of a more intense color. The plant has creeping tendrils. Petioles, branches are velvety. Flowers are miniature, light green in color, collected in dense inflorescences. Red edible berries remain after flowering.

The most common variety of rhomboid Cissus called Ellen Danica is distinguished by a lighter shade of carved leaves.

Cissus Multicolored

Requires more careful maintenance than other subspecies, is a deciduous vine. In winter, it grows at a temperature of 16-24 ° C.

To help the plant overwinter, it is recommended to prune some of the shoots and reduce watering. Demanding on humidity, frequent spraying is required. In winter, it sheds foliage abundantly. If pruning is done well, then in the spring, Cissus will grow with renewed vigor.

The shape of the leaves is arrow-shaped, with small denticles at the edges. Outside, the leaf is dark green with small silvery spots. The inner part of the leaf is pink. The flowers are yellow, collected in inflorescences, similar to umbrellas.

Cissus Bainesa

This Cissus represents the shape of a bush. The stem is similar to a bottle, gradually tapering, branching in the upper part, the size of its base can be quite large. The plant reaches a height of 40 centimeters.

The leaves are located in the upper part of the shoots and on cuttings, consist of three lobes, about 12 centimeters long. This species is characterized by fluffy leaves both on the outside and on the inside.


Watch the video: HOW TO GROW A GRAPES IN POTS, CONTAINERS


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