For many years there was a "blank spot" at our dacha. A complete picture of the area between the gate and the house did not take shape in the imagination. Initially, there was a funnel in this place from the time of the war. Then, for five years, it was used to store sand, gravel, boards and other building materials. As a result, later it turned into a trash heap: there were pieces of clay, broken bricks, branches, roots, weeds. Gradually, the land there was overgrown with willows, willow tea and wild raspberries.
There was another peculiarity of this site. We added a utility block to the northern corner of the house. There is a need for a site for small works:
- I have for planting seedlings in temporary containers, labeling, sifting ash;
- at my husband's for repairing equipment, planing, etc.
And so I wanted to see a well-groomed, blooming and eye-pleasing plot from the bedroom window! There was also a dream - to make a small reservoir surrounded by flowers and beautiful ornamental plants. The compositional solution came to me when I realized that we were able to make a reservoir, and there are several available ways for this. Both functional and aesthetic tasks helped to determine the location of the reservoir:
1. At the entrance to the gate:
- the porch should not be visible (this is how a place appeared for planting one thuja);
- I did not want to see the monotony of wooden walls, the wall of the house, turning into the wall of the utility block (this is how the idea of a stone pot for hops at the corner of the utility block appeared, so that over time it would completely braid it);
- it was necessary to leave room for maneuver with a wheelbarrow, boards, furniture or something else (this is how the idea of a small lawn between the paths diverging at an angle of 90 ° and the future reservoir appeared).
2. I like to relax in the cool setting sun:
- there was a desire to put up a comfortable bench with a back;
- realized that an additional sense of comfort will be created by the proximity of water in front of the eyes.
3. The working area at the utility block should not be visible from the resting place and compete with the reservoir, as well as with flowers and plants around it. Therefore, there was a need for two more thuja plants.
Thus, the layout of this part of the site was fully developed.
We started by clearing the rubble. Branches and roots were removed, willow and raspberries were grubbed, a hill was dug, and the site was cleared of the remnants of old brick and rubble overgrown with roots and grass.
We bought it at the manufacturing plant, just as before we bought molds for casting tiles, a plastic mold for a reservoir. The delivery of the form was provided by the plant.
Our garden plot initially had no land, only blue and white clay. All plants, including fruit trees, grow on mounds or high ridges. Therefore, the installation of the reservoir turned out to be unusual. The plastic pond itself has 4 levels in height. A recess was dug in the clay in the shape of the reservoir so that:
- the natural level of the site reached the middle of the height of the plastic container;
- the size of the pit made it possible to make a sand cushion of 15-20 cm under the plane of the form and lateral filling with sand of at least 10-15 cm;
- from the paved arcuate path, at least half a meter is left on one side for planting ornamental plants around the reservoir.
After installing the plastic mold, water was partially poured into the dug hole with a sand cushion at the level with the natural plane of the site. It should be noted that, having made a sand cushion under the bottom of the mold, the sand was leveled using a building level. Having established the reservoir, we checked the horizontalness along the bottom of it, and then, putting a flat board on the sides, we again checked the horizontalness with the level. And only after that, the cavities between the clay wall and the mold were covered with sand, gradually filling the reservoir with water to the natural plane of the site.
Then they began to create a retaining wall for the upper part of the reservoir. The outline of the upper part of the plastic container was projected onto the clay. We retreated along the entire obtained perimeter of 15 cm and received the inner contour of the brickwork for the retaining wall. These 15 cm were needed for the subsequent filling with sand between the retaining wall and the wall of the plastic mold, i.e. to create sandy vertical backfill along the entire outer perimeter of the reservoir. When the brickwork was dry (we made it flush with the top of the mold for the reservoir), we began to gradually fill in the sand and add water to the container. To the edges of the plastic mold, sand was poured under the very side, but the water was not refilled by 8-10 cm. This was necessary, because it was necessary not only to make a cement-sand screed over the filled up sand, thus connecting the brickwork of the retaining wall with the plastic form of the reservoir, but also to lay out stones hanging over the water on the mortar.
And then creativity began! I don't know what to compare with the excitement that you experience when you pick up stones and plants:
- how to arrange them by size and color;
- how they will look from different points of the site (from the gate, from the bench, from the bedroom window, from the utility block, etc.).
The work had to be finished because it was getting dark - August had already begun.
Our gardening is located on the border with the Novgorod region, so there are a lot of swamps, but finding stones is a problem. The stones on the site appeared from sand and peat, which we bought every year to improve the clay soil. We put them in one place, and now they come in handy. The stones turned out to be different in color, shape and size. But what scope for imagination!
My creative torment was followed not only by my husband and dog, but also by friends and neighbors. As a result, gifts appeared from them in the form of stones. Thanks a lot to them for that!
It turns out that they closely followed my work on the reservoir and all God's creatures. On the very first evening, as soon as the reservoir was completely filled, a swimming beetle appeared on its surface. During the day, dragonflies, butterflies and lizards began to fly, to the great joy of my dog and me. Regularly, various birds began to fly to the pebbles hanging above the water and drink water. I'm not talking about frogs.
The reservoir came to life! Husband also contributed. He went fishing and brought four perches. It is a pity that only two fish survived, but they also swam there in December.
The result is a living reservoir with a miniature alpine slide. There were not only enough stones, but a lot of small ones remained. And then the idea arose to turn an ordinary strip foundation into a stylized masonry. Happened...
The remains of small stones also covered the side surfaces of both the cast concrete steps in the utility block and the supports for the benches in the working area.
Until the end of the summer cottage season, additional paths were laid out to the utility block, around the reservoir in one tile for servicing it and the rock garden, and also paved the working area.
Then they planted the thuja on the mounds, and I planted the space between them with Veronica creeping to get a solid carpet blooming in spring, and not a kingdom of weeds.
Now there is a desire to put in order the utility block.
So the "white spot" in our garden area disappeared and my dream of a reservoir came true.
Seeing the end result of my work, my husband made me a royal gift - he bought a car of stones! So I have enough material for stone creativity for the next summer season.
We wish creative victories to all gardeners. We hope our experience will help you.
Inna Nesterenko, gardener
An important factor is the level of groundwater occurrence. In order to lower the level, drainage, wells or branch channels are used. A more suitable option would be a closed drainage, a pipe with special holes is laid out on its bottom.
During planning, it is necessary to take into account the distance between buildings, taking into account some requirements. To save space, you can connect certain objects, and in order to visually make the area seem larger, it is enough to lay winding paths.
When allocating territory, the recommended area should be taken into account:
There are several types of placement of the required zones:
Classic. It has a rectangular shape and allows you to divide into zones using your own imagination.
Elongated. Narrowed layout option. The difficulty lies in dividing the site into the necessary zones, and large types of vegetation are perfect for visual expansion.
L-shaped. Suitable in the presence of protruding parts of the site, which can well be used as a place to relax.
Oktyabrina Ganichkina Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, author of hundreds of books about gardening
On a small summer cottage, with proper planning of the land, you can make a vegetable garden, a garden, and a flower garden. For the selection of crops, it is recommended to study useful books of gardeners and gardeners, read information about useful devices and products for summer cottages.
Such an unusual flower bed is an excellent design solution for a rustic garden. Place a large clay pot or jug on its side in the middle of the lawn and anchor it firmly in the ground. Mark the prospective "bed", remove the sod in that place and fill in the garden soil. Plant marigolds, ageratum, alyssum, compact petunias, forget-me-nots, lobelia, verbena, short carnations and other flowering plants there.
Rabatka is a German name that translates as a garden bed. This option is similar to a border flower bed, only flowers are planted in the flower bed instead of perennial plants. It is best to place such a flower garden along the house or any other summer cottage buildings.
When organizing a flower garden, experts recommend planting plants in two ways: in rows or symmetrically. Usually, a flower bed beautifully decorated with flowering plants can be seen in city parks.
Depending on where exactly you decide to place the flower garden, it will be possible to form it as a one-sided or a two-sided flower bed. In the event that you have planned a two-sided flowerbed with flowers on your site, then you will have the opportunity to plant tall plantings in the center, the main thing is that they do not obstruct the general view of the rabatka.
In the case of a rabatka, certain proportions must be taken into account, so if the garden bed is too long, then it is best to "break" it with thin paths, usually this is what they do in squares.
Regarding the width of the flower garden, it is in direct proportion to the size of the area of the site and the height of the plants. So if the site is small, then it is best to form a narrow bed with low flowers.
Flower garden shapes are different, ranging from rectangular to ribbon.
In general, making a beautiful rabatka yourself is not difficult.
1. Draw a plan
First, define the cardinal points. First of all, this will be useful to you when designing a house (if it does not yet exist on the site), so that there are no purely southern or purely northern windows in it - it will be uncomfortable to live in such a place. Also, the orientation of the site is important when placing the plants. Some will be comfortable only in the shade, on the north side, others need the sun to grow.
3. Think over the building plan
Take a list and think about what you want in the house? Large buildings such as a garage and a bath will "eat up" all the free space of the site. In addition, it will be very difficult to arrange them according to the law: with normative indents from neighboring plots and legally laid communications (after all, making a sewer drain from a bathhouse to neighbors is not our way, right?).
For example, if the house is just being planned, look for projects with a garage and a terrace - this will greatly save space! You can find house designs with an attached greenhouse or winter garden. And even with a compact steam room / sauna - then you don't have to put a separate bath on the site.
Advice: When designing your home, don't forget to store your garden tools. It can be located next to the garage or just in the house - with its own exit to the street.
It is also convenient to remove water here - to make a washing area for dug vegetables, dirty boots and hoes. If the house is already standing, then a terrace and a closet for storing inventory can be attached. Or organize in the manner of a built-in wardrobe, "going deep" into the house (example in the photo).
4. Find a place for a vegetable garden
Think about how many beds you need. It all depends on the purpose and size of the site. If you are going to eat from your beds, of course, you will need a significant amount. If you plan to have a rest at the dacha, then only two or three will be enough.
Fact: To design a garden on the plan, you need to find a southern sunny place and arrange the beds from north to south with a long side.
Take a closer look at the house! If he has the desired sunny side, then the garden can be organized right next to the blind area. The house will protect the planting from the wind, the proximity to communications will make it possible to remove water and electricity.
The shape of the garden can be any, make the garden beautiful! The beds can be square, rectangular, triangular, can be sectors of a circle, or even be located in a tape along the path. Which will be the most compact and suitable for you? Draw different options! It is important to remember that the width of a full-size bed should be 0.7 - 1.0 m, and the row spacing should be 0.4 - 0.7 m (for high beds, the distance should be greater).
5. Plan the remaining areas
Here, too, you can (and should) show your imagination. Do not scatter sites throughout the site or "glue" them all to the fence. Try to choose a pair of sites that are distant from each other and combine the maximum number of zones on them.
The recreation area is conveniently located in the center of the site. From other areas, for example, a vegetable garden, it can be closed with a wooden slatted wall. On the other hand, decorate with beautiful plants or hedges.
To save space, it is better to place the hozblock next to the greenhouse or vegetable garden - on the north side, so as not to interfere with the plants. Garden pergolas for climbing plants (cucumbers, beans, peas) can also be used for zoning or hanging various chairs and hammocks. Such pergolas are made more capital, made of wood or metal, with a metal mesh or wooden slats!
6. Select plants
It's good if the buildings can be placed so that the entire garden is not visible from one point. If this was not done, the role of visual screens can be given to plants. Place smaller plants closer to the paths, higher plants deeper. At the same time, do not forget about the sun and the location of the shade: if light-loving small plants are shaded large, then it will be difficult to expect complete decorativeness from them.
It is difficult to place a separate orchard on a small plot, so fruit trees can be planted throughout the plot, especially since there are very decorative varieties. What could be more beautiful than the spring flowering of apple and cherry trees? And fruit bushes (irga, honeysuckle, red currant, rose hips, chokeberry) will also easily fit into the decorative edge.
Even garden crops can be entered into a decorative mixborder: cabbage, beet tops, dill umbrellas will look good in a flower garden.In addition, this is a fashionable trend in landscape design. It is better to have dill and sorrel in the flower garden than roses and astilbe planted in the form of a bed.
If there is no place for planting plants at all, again, take a closer look at the tubs and vines. A group of tubs and flowerpots on the terrace and lawn, hanging pots - will perfectly cope with the role of landscaping. A pergola with climbing plants does not take up much space.
Advice: Make a care calendar: when to water, when to feed, when to prune. Distribute responsibilities among family members. An abandoned garden with dried flowers and neglected shrubs will visually seem much smaller than its well-groomed brother.
Advice: Use ampelous plants more actively - this is an easy way to create a "dense array" of greenery, even where it seems impossible.
8. What to do with garden waste
A small garden should never be littered. Consider a storage system for felling residues and pulled out weeds: it can be neatly decorated freestanding bins or a dedicated space near the garage or utility block. If you decide to make your own compost, consider installing a compost bin.
Bring out the waterproof outlets to the playground and resting place for connecting garlands. It's a good idea to put an outlet near a spruce or fir - and in winter create your own New Year's miracle.
And in summer, these outlets are convenient for working with an electric lawn mower or brush cutter. Do not neglect decorative lighting even in the tiniest of gardens: lighting can work wonders.
10. ... And textiles
Also, don't be afraid to use textiles and decor in your garden! Pillows, blankets, rugs, candles, bird dishes, birdhouses - there are a lot of options, not only garden gnomes and wicker cars ...
To avoid picking up textiles and pillows in every rain, place them in sheltered places or purchase items made from quick-drying materials.
Making a comfortable little garden isn't as difficult as it sounds. The main difficulty lies in stereotypical thinking and the "memory of generations": we all remember what a typical grandmother's little plot looks like. But if you get down to business wisely and create a well-kept garden for yourself, it can become a great place for the whole family to relax, where no one will be cramped.
If you — owner of a small plot, tell us how you managed to place everything you need. Share your life hacks and garden photos in the comments section!