Arnica montana is part of the Asteraceae family and of the Arnica genus.
Arnica montana is a glandular, perennial medicinal herb, which has an erect and fairly robust stem, which can reach up to sixty centimeters in height, with flowers characterized by a typical yellow color and a shape that can resemble that of daisies.
In this plant you can find two types of leaves: the basal ones and the cauline ones, with the latter not always present and both are evergreen; the flowers develop in the period between June and August.
Arnica montana is endemic to the old continent, Scandinavia, the Iberian Peninsula and the Carpathians, while it is not found in the British Isles and is quite rare in Italy.
It is a plant that grows on poor and siliceous soils, especially in mountainous areas between 500 and 2500 meters above sea level, while it is absent in the plains.
Within the mountain arnica we can find the following active ingredients: flavonoids, carotenoids, sesquiterpene lactones, elenalin, essential oil, thymol, fatty acids, astragalin, coumarins, scopoletin, polysaccharides and phenol acids.
The main activities that mountain arnica is able to perform relate to anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-neuralgic and anti-ecchymotic actions.
Various beneficial and curative properties are assigned to the mountain arnica plant, especially from an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-ecchymotic point of view.
The more traditional use of the mountain arnica plant is undoubtedly referred to bruises that occur after particular bruises and sprains, in such a way as to be able to stimulate the bruised part.
Another effect that is often used in the treatment of rheumatic forms is represented by hyperemia, accompanied by a sense of heat following its application.
Homeopathic arthritis is also considered beneficial for post-traumatic arthritis, neurological diseases and depression.
For all those mothers who are going through the gestation phase, homeopathic arnica is able to decrease pain, simplify childbirth and reduce blood loss.
Arnica montana is an excellent remedy for traumas of a physical and psychological nature, resulting from any possible origin, but also for hemorrhages, capillary fragility, back pain, acute lumbosciatica.
In addition, the homeopathic doctor may recommend its use, in many cases, when there are disorders aggravated by contact and immobility, which instead improve when resting or in a lying position.
If you are prescribed the mother tincture of mountain arnica, it will be sufficient to pour the preset number of drops into a very small amount of water.
When you find yourself having to use the granules or globules, it is important to avoid contact with your hands, since the active ingredient found inside the product is present right on the surface.
The correct doses are usually 3-5 granules at a time, to be taken sublingually, then letting them dissolve rather slowly, avoiding chewing and swallowing them.
In both cases (both with the mother tincture and with the globules / granules) it is important that the intake takes place at least one or two hours before meals; in addition, it is really recommended to avoid the intake or use of products based on mint or other aromatic substances during the treatment period with mountain arnica.
It is important to store the product in a dry place and away from any possible temperature fluctuation and to limit the use of cigarettes, coffee and alcohol during the arnica-based treatment.
Obviously, before embarking on a treatment based on any homeopathic product, it is always essential to ask for advice from a specialized doctor.
On the market we can find a large number of products that exploit the beneficial properties of mountain arnica.
Even before being in the homeopathic sector, mountain arnica can boast a very wide use both in folk medicine and in herbal medicine, essentially in the form of tinctures, creams and infusions for external use, which were used for treatments against bruises and joint pain of various kinds.
In homeopathy Arnica montana is used, also as an ointment to support the action of the most common oral therapy, for every form of pain following a trauma of any nature and origin and can be used both in the most acute phases and in those that instead they are more chronic, being able to carry out a pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory action.
This explains why the use of mountain arnica is recommended in cases of bruises, sprains, fractures, aches, general weakness and injuries of various kinds.
It is also an excellent preventive remedy for all athletes at a professional level, since it exerts an effective vasoconstrictor action, allowing for faster healing times.
Arnica montana, like any other homeopathic product, can be found on the market in different forms: the most commonly used are undoubtedly the mother tincture and the different decimal dilutions, the granules or globules with the different centesimal dilutions and the ointment.