Calibrachoa - Sow, Plant, Maintain


Calibrachoa ... The one thought to be a petunia

Calibrachoa and petunia have important similarities, the 2 plants are indeed very similar but they should not be confused. Calibrachoa have long been classified as petunias. It was very recently in 1985 that the genera petunia and calibrachea were "separated" for a history of chromosomes. To reproduce, it is necessary to have the same number. Those thought to be petunias do not have the same number of chromosomes, so they are different plants. One final difference, if the foliage of petunias is covered with sticky hairs, calibrachoa is not.

Calibrachoa is a small plant of 10 to 40 cm, which has its origins in South America, Brazil and Uruguay as petunia. It is ideal for gardening outdoor summer pots or suspensions. It has indeed a spread out or even falling shape perfect for this use. Calibrachoa is very floriferous, it covers itself with numerous flowers in tubular corolla, of small size and exists in many colors such as yellow, pink, red, orange, bronze, cream, white, mauve, violet, purple…. The flowering period begins in spring and ends with the first frosts of autumn.

Botanical name:

Calbrachoa x Hybrida

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial plant, cultivated as an annual except in mild regions
• Foliage: Lapsed
• Hardiness: Frost plant
• Family: Solanaceae - solanaceae
• Harbor : Drooping plant
• Exhibition: Sun
• Sowing: Jan February under shelter
• Plantation: March, April, May (after frosts)
• Cutting:
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: May to October
• Rooting: Root system
• Culture Zone: perennial in the ground at 9+ (see France and Quebec hardiness maps)
• Origin: South America
• Honey plant: -
• Toxicity:
No

Particularities:

• Very floriferous
• Fruit capsules appear after flowering and contain the seeds.

What advantages in the garden

• Very easy to grow plant.
• Perfect for hanging, on the edge ...
• Very rapid growth.

What exhibition?

Sun.

What soil for calibrachoa ?

• Humus soil, rich and drained
• The plant does not like calcareous soils or too clayey soils.

When to plant

• Plant in spring after periods of frost, April - May

How to plant calibrachoa:

• Work the soil at a spade height.
• Add sand if the soil was too heavy.
• Make a hole a little bigger and deeper than the root ball.
• Depending on the variety, separate the feet every 20 to 30 cm.
• Place a bottom of very mature compost.
• Place the plant (s) then fill with soil from the garden.
• Pack well without damaging the roots
• Water generously ...
• Then on dry earth between 2 waterings.

Multiplication of the plant:

• Multiplication by seed

When to sow Calibrachoa seeds?

• January, February, under warm shelter

How to sow Calibrachoa?

• Calibrachoa seeds, like those of petunias, are very small, similar to “dust”.
• In fact, generally only professional or experienced gardeners do this ...
• But if you have collected some seeds, why not try these seedlings?

• Sowing should be done under warm shelter, at 25 ° C.
• Prepare a terrine or cups filled with finely sieved seed soil.
• Tamp so that the level is lower than the rim of the cups or terrine.
• Mix the seeds with sand for a more regular sowing.
• Sow using a seed drill.
• Place a few seeds on the surface.
• Keep the cups in the heat and light.
• Keep the substrate moist, being careful not to chase away invisible seeds, use a spray bottle, but do not spray the seeds directly, instead create a mist.
• Germination occurs after 2 to 3 weeks.

Interview :


Flowering:

• From May to October, the flowers open and then give way to pods which contain the seeds.

Varieties:

The most common variety in garden centers is Calibrachoa Million Bells ... for which you will find the color of your choice including:
• Calib. Million Bells "terracotta": the flowers are rusty, beautiful and original.
• Calib. Million Bells "Lemon": bright yellow flowers with orange veins
• Calib. Million Bells "Cherry": dark red flowers

What to plant?

• With Calibrachoa, you can use lobelies, diascias

Use ?

ATa garden: On the edge, in rockery
• Without garden:
In suspension and planters

Photo By - under creative commons 2.5 license - taken from wikipedia.org

Quick sheet:


Shrubs to plant in March

In addition to vegetables, flowers and trees, March is also ideal for planting shrubs. You have at your disposal various shrub plants that will make you happy.

  • Ornamental shrubs : adenium or desert rose, lingonberry, abutilon, abelia, althea, alcathea, ampelaster, anisodontea, andromeda, aristolochia, hawthorn, bignone rose, brugmansia, calliandra, camellia, ceanothe, chimonanthus, crinodendron, dracena, drimys, rose hips, escallonia, forsythia, Gaura, witch hazel.
  • Fruit or aromatic shrubs : tamarillo, snowberry, blackberry, alater, saskatoon, chokeberry, star anise or star anise, callicarpa, strawberry, pomegranate, currant, kiwi and bay leaf,

Moreover, for the more exotic, you can opt for: heliotrone, hibiscus, hoya, perennial immortelle, lavater, pandorea, penstemon, photinia, peony, plumbago.

You now have something garnish the vegetable patch and garden throughout the month of March. So enjoy it.


Calibrachoa and MILLION BELLS ®: Advice on planting and maintenance

Very close cousins ​​of Petunias, Calibrachoa has become in the space of a few years an essential plant for the summer flowering of flower beds, pots and flower boxes. Mainly popularized by the MILLION BELLS ® series, Calibrachoa is very easy to grow and decorates gardens, balconies and terraces from May until frost.

Calibrachoas are the result of multiple crosses between species of Calibrachoa and Petunia from South America. The MILLION BELLS ® series was selected at the end of the 1990s by the Japanese firm Suntory. Latin name Calibrachoa honors the Spaniard Antonio de Cal y Bracho (1764-1833) who was an apothecary, entomologist and botanist in Mexico.

Calibrachoas and MILLION BELLS ® form small, dense, branched bushes with a slightly drooping spread. Their small green foliage is adorned with frosted May by numerous trumpet flowers in shades of white, pink, red, blue-violet, yellow, orange, sometimes two-colored or veined, often with a contrasting yellow heart. Despite their hardiness, calibrachoas are freezing in our latitudes and die off at temperatures below -2 ° C / -3 ° C.

Undemanding, Calibrachoas and MILLION BELLS ® are content with good garden soil drained in both sun and partial shade. Even though they are more resistant to heat and more tolerant of transient droughts, Calibrachoas and MILLION BELLS ® appreciate regular watering without excess which maintains the continuity of flowering and more vigorous vegetation.


Calibrachoa (Calibrachoa x hybrida), a mini petunia

The calibrachoa (Calibrachoa x hybrida) should not be confused with petunia (Petunia x hybrida) although it looks a lot like a miniature petunia. Native to Brazil and Uruguay, this herbaceous perennial is an ideal plant for outdoor summer pots and suspensions, because of its spread to prostrate or even drooping habit.

Its pubescent leaves, lanceolate 2 to 3 cm long, slightly sticky, are persistent, but as it is a cautious plant, it is often cultivated as an annual in our latitudes even if it resists up to -5 to -7 ° C in dry soil.

Very floriferous, it is covered with many small flowers with tubular corolla about 3cm in diameter, from spring until frost. A wide range of colors are available: yellow, pink, red, orange, bronze, cream, white, mauve, purple, purple. Fruit capsules follow flowering and contain the seeds.

  • Family: Solanaceae
  • Type: perennial cultivated as an annual
  • Origin: South America
  • Color : yellow, pink, red, orange, bronze, cream, white, mauve, violet, purple
  • Sowing: Yes
  • Cutting: Yes
  • Plantation: spring
  • Flowering: May to October
  • Height: 10 to 50 cm


Video: Planting Superbells + Care Tips! . Garden Answer


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