How to make Chinese cabbage seeds in the vegetable garden with Jaime gardener

Is it possible to make Chinese cabbage seeds?

Chinese cabbage seeds, Pe Tsai cabbage or Pak choi cabbage, it is quite possible to reserve part of the production to produce them.

You know that on jaime-jardiner we are attached to organic culture! The feet which will be reserved for growing seeds should not under any circumstances receive chemical treatments. The feet that have been chosen will not have been affected by disease during their growth. You need beautiful subjects, of good size, with a shape and colors which correspond to their variety.

How to make your Pak Choï or Pe Tsaï Chinese cabbage seeds?

Stop the vegetative cycle of Chinese Cabbage:

• Identify some beautiful Chinese cabbage stems.
• Place them in gauge for the winter.
• You can also place them in cool and sheltered areas.
• It is this action that has the effect of stopping the vegetative cycle of the plant.

At the very beginning of spring:

• In March,
• Transplant the Chinese cabbages.
• Leave a large space between each foot, at least 50 centimeters in all directions.

When do Chinese cabbage seeds appear?

• Seeds are mature in mid-summer, July - August.

Collect the seeds:

• Cut the stems.
• Place them to dry in a dry place, either hanging or on the floor.
• Let them dry well.

Prepare the Chinese cabbage seeds for storage:

• When the seeds are very dry ...
• Place them in airtight bags.
• Store them in a dry place, protected from light.

What is the germination period of the seeds?

• Short shelf life of around 5 years.

How many seeds per gram?

• More than 300 seeds / gram.

Emergence time after sowing the seeds?

• In the ground: 8 days.
• In greenhouse: 8 days.

Vegetables and herbs to plant in late summer

The end of summer does not mean the end of vegetable crops but the start of new plantings, which will yield harvests until fall and winter.

With an increasingly lenient late season, August is an excellent month to start new crops in the vegetable garden.

Here are some ideas for vegetables and aromatic herbs that you can grow in the garden or vegetable patch from August.

Species and Varieties of Chinese Cabbage

There are over 30 different varieties of Chinese cabbage, but we commonly find only two types in France: the pà © -tsaà (Brassica rapa var. pekinensis) and the pak-choГЇ (Brassica rapa var. chinensis).

A large number of selected varieties appeared in Asia during the nineteenth century, mostly hybrids, which differ in the shape and density of their apple as well as their duration. of culture.

Pasta (Brassica rapa var. pekinensis)

  • Vegetation: Traditional summer variety forming an ovoid apple 35В cm high, with wide ribs, resembling a large romaine lettuce.
  • Culture / harvest: Semi-early variety with rapid growth, for summer sowing. Sow in June-July, after Midsummer, because very sensitive to the bolting. Harvest 65В to 80В days after sowing.
  • Qualities: Juicy, tasty and sweet. Very slight pungent flavor. Excellent vintage. Suitable for freezing.

  • Vegetation: Nice, squat apple, tightly closed, from 0.8В to 1В kg.
  • Culture / harvest: The earliest. Harvest 40В to 45В days after planting.
  • Qualities: Good resistance to seedling.

  • Vegetation: Light green apple with yellow core, 1.5В to 2В kg.
  • Culture / harvest: Easy to grow, flexible to use, resistant to bolting and high tolerance to hernias (fungal disease). Sowing early May to mid-July, harvest early August to early October.
  • Qualities: Excellent conservation.

F1 'Monument'

  • Vegetation: Apple green, long (40В cm high) and pointed, tight and firm, 2В kg.
  • Culture / harvest: Semi-late variety, harvest 80В to 85В days after planting.
  • Qualities: Excellent taste quality.

Pak-choГЇ (Brassica rapa var. chinensis)

'Dwarf township'

  • Vegetation: Compact variety, green leaves with white card.
  • Culture / harvest: Heat tolerant variety. Sowing from June to September, harvest from September to November.
  • Qualities: Excellent taste quality.

  • Vegetation: Port more rigorous and more open than the previous one. Rosette 25В cm high dark green, beautiful thick and well swollen ribs, white and long.
  • Culture / harvest: Productive hybrid variety, which does not go to seed. Vigorous seedlings of rapid growth, apples are formed 60В days after planting. Can be grown in the summer, sowing from May to October.
  • Qualities: Very tender leaves, to eat raw young, or cooked like chard or spinach.

Growing Chinese cabbage takes about 2 1/2 months before harvest.

  • Wait until the heart has reached the size of a beautiful apple before harvesting your Chinese cabbage.
  • Cut close to the ground with a sharp blade

For a winter harvest, quite possible in the Mediterranean region:

  • Cabbages must imperatively be headed before the first frosts.
  • Place a mulch of dried leaves at the base of Chinese cabbages to protect them from possible frost.

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Sowing winter cabbage

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Crop rotation: broccoli

Broccoli cabbage is a vegetable from the Brassicaceae family. It is greedy and therefore cannot occupy the same place as every 3 years.

Thin out the broccoli

Raising broccoli is difficult to achieve. Whether in the ground or in a nursery, it is therefore advisable to sow more than necessary. Thinning is therefore necessary to eliminate the most fragile plants to leave.

Fertilize the broccoli

Broccoli cabbage thrives in well-amended soil.

Transplant the broccoli

Broccoli should be transplanted about 1 month after sowing. The operation is more difficult to succeed than for other vegetables because this plant does not like transplantation. So it is better to take a number of.

Drizzle the Brussels sprout

Brussels sprouts are one of the least water demanding cabbages. Outside of drought periods, watering is occasional.

Transplant the Brussels sprouts

Transplanting Brussels sprouts does not present any particular difficulty. It is useful when sowing too thick, but some gardeners do without and plant the seedlings directly from the seed in their final location.

Fertilize Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are the least demanding in terms of fertilization. It is even better to avoid, in soil too rich in nitrogen, any addition of organic fertilizer. This may interfere with the growth of the apples or cause them to burst.

Crop rotation: Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are a greedy plant of the Brassicaceae family (formerly Crucifers), a little less demanding in organic matter than most other cabbages. What plants to install before.

Harvest and store Brussels sprouts

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Water the winter cabbage

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Chinese cabbage

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Crop rotation: red cabbage

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Transplant winter cabbage

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Sow spring cabbages

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Sow cabbages in the nursery

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Stuffed cabbage

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Pork with red cabbage and apples

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Traditional cabbage soup recipe

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The preparation of a cabbage and diots soup

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Planting and transplanting Chinese cabbage

If you preferred sowing in a box to sowing in place, proceed, around August, to a first transplanting of the plants before their establishment. They will thus be stronger and stockier and will resume.

Plant the broccoli cabbage

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Brussels sprouts gratin with sausage and onions

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When and how to sow head cabbage: tips

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Sow Chinese cabbage

Chinese cabbage or pessai, this elongated vegetable has a less pronounced flavor than those of classic varieties. However, it is sown in the same way.

Sowing 'De Bremen' cabbage

Le chou ‘de Brême’, spécialité de l’Allemagne du Nord, est une variété non pommée dont on récolte les feuilles au fur et à mesure des besoins, et que l’on consomme.

Récolter le chou 'de Brême'

Rustique, le chou ‘de Brême’ reste productif tout l’hiver. La récolte peut débuter entre 3 et 4 mois après le semis, selon les conditions climatiques. De ce chou non pommé, on consomme les feuilles.

Récolter le chou pommé

Plantés à l'automne, les choux pommés ont résisté au froid et passé l'hiver sans encombre. Après neuf mois de culture depuis le semis, les plus forts d'entre eux sont maintenant.

Récolter le chou brocoli

Ce sont les inflorescences, groupées en petites pommes, qui constituent les parties comestibles des choux brocolis. On appelle souvent ces portions des jets. Elles se récoltent au fur et à mesure des besoins.

Récolter et conserver le chou chinois

Voisin du chou pommé, le chou chinois présente une pomme vert clair, bien ferme, plutôt allongée. Ses feuilles sont très serrées les unes contre les autres, avec une large nervure blanc crème.

Fiche de culture et d'entretien du chou pommé

On distingue deux catégories de choux pommés : ceux à feuilles lisses, ou choux cabus, et ceux à feuilles cloquées dits choux de Milan.

Fiche de culture : réussir le chou de Bruxelles

L'appellation "chou de Bruxelles" indique l'origine de ce légume. Revendiqué comme une marque nationale par les Belges, sa tige élevée est garnie de feuilles à l’aisselle desquelles figurent de jeunes bourgeons.

Culture et entretien du chou :

Le temps de culture des choux est assez long, entre 4,5 et 9 mois. L’arrosage des plants est conseillé en période sèche, comme les binages et sarclages. Des gestes qui permettent de réduire l’impact du soleil sur le sol car il est moins plat. Ils permettent également à l’eau de pluie et l’eau d’arrosage de pénétrer le sol sans ruisseler. Pendant l’été, un paillage est également préconisé car il réduit l’impact du soleil.

Afin d'éviter d'attirer les ravageurs spécifiques à la famille des choux (Brassicacées) et de ne pas entretenir la présence de champignons parasites dans le sol, il est recommandé de ne pas replanter de choux ni de légumes – ou engrais verts – de la même famille (radis, navet, roquette, moutarde, colza…) avant 5 ou 6 ans.

Les plantes puissamment aromatiques ont la capacitГ© d'Г©garer les ravageurs qui se repГЁrent souvent Г l'odeur pour retrouver leur hГґte prГ©fГ©rГ©. Entourez la culture de choux (ou insГ©rez entre eux) de mГ©lisse, de sauge, de romarin, de coriandre, d'aneth, mais aussi d'Е“illets d'Inde ou de tomates.

Le chou est gourmand en azote, plantez-le si possible après une plante améliorante (fève, pois, haricot, trèfle, luzerne…). Après les choux, vous pourrez semer des légumes racines, qui puiseront les éléments nutritifs plus en profondeur.

L'alternance de rangs de choux et de laitue ou d'Г©pinards Г©loignerait l'altise.

Un semis de trГЁfle blanc sur la parcelle de choux aurait pour effet de protГ©ger le collet des pontes de la mouche.

Certaines plantes, grГўce Г leur teneur en huiles essentielles, ont la facultГ© de repousser des parasites spГ©cifiques du chouВ :

  • le genГЄts (piГ©ride, noctuelle, altises)В
  • le romarin (altises)В
  • le sureau (pucerons)В
  • l'absinthe (pucerons, piГ©ride du chou)В
  • le thuya, le cyprГЁs, la tomate (piГ©ride du chou)В
  • la tanaisie (pucerons).

Г‰pandez ou piquez en terre des tiges et des feuilles fraГ®ches ou sГЁches, en renouvelant souvent l'opГ©ration.

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