Ivy budra has been known to folk healers for centuries. In Russia, it was called differently. In the explanatory dictionary of V. Dahl, one of the names is forty ailments, or a herb from forty ailments. It perfectly reflects the attitude of traditional medicine to this modest creeping plant. Meanwhile, in addition to the medicinal properties, it is necessary to know about contraindications, and to approach the use of this herb competently.
Budra belongs to the family of labiates, or lamellar, and grows in the temperate climate of Western and Eastern Europe, Central Asia, China, Japan, the North Caucasus, Siberia and the Far East. In three states of the United States, it is being fought like a vicious weed. Despite the fact that the official medicine of the states of North and Latin America does not recognize budra as a medicinal plant, it is grown for medicinal purposes.
In England, France and Germany ivy budra is a pharmacopoeial plant, it is used for the manufacture of medicines. The ivy budra is not included in the State Register of Medicines of the Russian Federation.
Budra is a low-growing (up to 30 cm) creeping plant with small heart-shaped velvety leaves and blue or lilac double-lipped flowers. She loves bushy places, forest shade, grows along river banks and along roads. Growing up, budra stems easily root by internodes and create a continuous carpet.
Ivy budra is loved by landscape designers and use it as a ground cover plant for decorating alpine slides and the shores of artificial reservoirs
In different regions of Russia, budra is called in its own way - dog or catnip (for a smell that vaguely resembles mint), god's grass, duhmyanka, podbirukha, catnip, breast grass. Despite a wide range of medicinal properties, budra is a poisonous herb and cannot be taken uncontrollably.
For medicinal purposes, the aerial part of the plant is used - leaves, stems and flowers. They are used dried and fresh. The bud contains:
It is these substances that determine the beneficial properties of the herb. It has a hemostatic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anthelmintic, regenerating, tonic and antiseptic effect. For colds, Budra is used as an antipyretic, diaphoretic and pain reliever.
Budra can be used as a prophylactic agent against heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis and varicose veins. Due to its irritating effect on the respiratory tract, it serves as an excellent expectorant for prolonged coughing. She treats bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis, laryngitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial asthma. It also helps with the following ailments:
Ivy buddha is used as a remedy for cancer and metastases.
Given that the plant is poisonous, it should not be used during pregnancy and lactation. Contraindications are also:
Budra-based products are taken in clearly defined doses. Overdose is fraught with dizziness, seizures, respiratory failure, increased salivation, sweating and tachycardia. If these signs are present, you should take activated charcoal, a fast-acting laxative, and call an ambulance.
Boudre can only be bought in the pharmacy as a tea drink.
Since budra is not a pharmacopoeial plant in Russia, it can be found in pharmacies only in the form of a medicinal herb or in herbal teas.
Alcohol and water infusions, decoctions are prepared from the grass and flowers of Budra. They are used internally and externally - in the form of compresses, lotions and baths. Plant juice and essential oil are also used.
For external use and rinsing, an infusion of 20 g of herbs is prepared, filled with a glass of boiling water. The mixture is infused for half an hour and filtered. With angina, gargle with infusion 3-4 times a day. Rinsing will also help with stomatitis, gingivitis, toothache and gum disease. For dermatitis or poorly healing wounds, lotions are made from the infusion - moistened wipes are applied to sore spots several times a day.
For ingestion, a teaspoon of herbs is brewed in a glass of boiling water, wrapped and left for 15 minutes. The resulting infusion is a daily dose. With anemia, cough, cancer and metastases, they drink it four times a day, 50 ml one hour before meals.
Evening foot baths with undiluted infusion will help relieve gout pain. For its preparation, 50 g of budra is poured with a liter of boiling water and insisted for 15 minutes. Herbal baths also relieve pain and accelerate tissue regeneration in case of fractures, dislocations and inflammation of the joints. Compresses with infusion stop bleeding in hemorrhoids and heal external cracks.
Water infusions are taken orally and used externally.
To relieve the painful manifestations of menopause, brew 15 g of budra in 500 ml of water and leave it for 30 minutes. Reception - 50 ml three times a day. In combination with yarrow, budra helps to get rid of chronic rhinitis. Both herbs are mixed in equal proportions. Then 40 g of raw materials are poured into 300 ml of boiling water and infused. The filtered infusion is instilled into the nose, 3 drops in each nostril, three times a day.
Broths are important! - more often used for external treatment... A tablespoon (without a slide) of herbs is poured into a glass of boiling water and placed in a water bath. In a large container, there should be no violent boiling. The broth languishes for 30 minutes, then it is cooled, filtered and topped up to the original volume. It is used to treat rashes, dermatitis and festering wounds.
Broths of budra are prepared in a water bath
For inhalation and mouthwash, a decoction is prepared from a tablespoon of herbs and a liter of water. It should simmer in a water bath for 10 minutes. Rinse the mouth with a warm broth. Inhalation is used to treat catarrhal inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and chronic rhinitis.
For better extraction, the ivy bud is insisted on alcohol or vinegar. To prepare an alcoholic tincture, you will need vodka. Proportions - 1 part of herbal raw materials to 10 parts of vodka. The glass container is tightly closed and placed in a dark place for 10 days. Take a tincture of 20 drops daily before meals. The remedy helps with diseases of the digestive and genitourinary systems, infections and headaches.
A lotion is made on the basis of alcohol tincture. To do this, it is mixed in equal proportions with an aqueous extract of Budra and rubbed against the skin with areas of acne.
Vinegar tincture is prepared at the rate of 20 g of dry herb per 100 ml of vinegar. Infused for 7 days with occasional shaking, then filtered. The remedy is used only externally for skin diseases, in particular, it helps with infection with a scabies mite.
Budra is an excellent honey plant. It partially gives its useful properties to honey. It is taken to improve overall tone, strengthen immunity, normalize metabolic processes and prevent colds.
Compresses for abscesses are made with gruel from crushed herbs
Freshly crushed grass in a mushy state is applied to poorly healing wounds, boils, ulcers. Budra is able to draw out pus and speed up healing. Wounds and burns are smeared with the juice of fresh buddra greens. It is also used in the treatment of cancer and metastases - the juice is taken three times a day, 25 drops, mixed with a little water.
Essential oil is not used for treatment, homemade tinctures are flavored with it. Meat is marinated in young fresh greens of Budry and put in green spring salads.
Ivy buddha is harvested as a medicinal raw material during the period of intense flowering. It falls in May and June. It is at this time that the plant accumulates a maximum of nutrients. The stems with leaves and flowers are cut at a height of 5 cm from the ground and sent for drying.
Fast drying of budra should take place at a temperature not higher than 35 ° С
High-quality raw materials do not have foreign impurities, defective plant parts, signs of diseases and insect damage. It must be clean and collected away from industrial areas and highways.
It is better if the grass is dried naturally in a well-ventilated area where the sun does not get into. It is laid out on paper in a thin layer. From time to time it must be turned over. The dried herb is stored in a canvas bag or well-sealed glass container. Expiration date - 12 months.
Do not self-medicate with ivy budra. Check with your doctor about the dosage and duration of the course.
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A perennial herb belongs to the Yasnotkov family. It is also popularly called dog mint because it resembles this culture in many ways. The budra reaches a height of 20-60 cm. On an ascending creeping stem (with or without hairs), relief leaves on long roots are oppositely located. The plates are heart-shaped with a carved edge. Grass flowers deserve special attention, because the healing properties of ivy budra depend on the aboveground mass.
In turn, they are distinguished by a special decorative effect:
Dog mint is quite poisonous. Most often, poisoning is observed with overdose. Symptoms are similar to common poisoning: nausea, vomiting, headache, profuse sweating, and dizziness.
The bloom period lasts from May to August, accompanied by a heady scent that not everyone likes. Then ovoid brown fruits are formed. Healing perennials are harvested only during the budding period, when the highest activity of useful components is achieved. In this case, the tops of the stems are cut off at a height of 10 cm from the ground. Then the greens are left in the sun. When the grass has dried up a little, it is transferred under a canopy. The place is chosen with good ventilation. Turn the raw material periodically for good drying. The finished product is packed in glass containers and stored for 12 months.
Often, the plant is collected in bunches and hung on a rope. You can use dryers, setting the optimum temperature - 40˚С.
The medicinal raw material is budra herb, stems with leaves and flowers. which is harvested during the flowering period of the plant, cutting off the stems at a height of 5-10 cm from the ground. Plants should not show signs of disease or pest infestation. For medicinal purposes, it is used both dried and fresh. They are washed, dried in the sun and dried in the open air in the shade, under a canopy or in a well-ventilated attic, spreading out in a thin layer. often turn over to dry evenly and take care not to damage. The smell of raw materials resembles mint, the taste is bitter, pungent. When drying slowly, the quality of the raw material decreases. You can use a dryer for drying, but make sure that the temperature is not higher than 35 ° C. Dried grass is packed in bags made of natural fabric or glass, tight-fitting containers. Store in a dry place. You can use it throughout the year, until the next harvesting of raw materials.
The variegated variety of Budra Variegata is widespread among Russian gardeners. The leaves have a bluish tint, on which there are clear white spots and sectors, sometimes a border is noticeable.
Shoots of this variety spread low on the ground, rising only 7-10 cm. Variaegata blooms extremely rarely, or does not bloom at all.
Stands out, among others, and another variety of variegated budra - Golden October. The leaves of this herb, like those of wild varieties, are dark green. The surface of the leaf is covered with small golden spots of arbitrary shape.
Grass leaves are most intensely stained from August to October, when the heat subsides and the weather becomes humid, cloudy and relatively warm.
Budru is not a capricious or selective plant. The main thing to ensure is:
The plant prefers to grow in bright areas. But for growing varieties of budra with green leaves, a little shade will not be a problem. If the plant is supposed to be kept indoors, it is best to place it near the southeast or southwest windows.
Outdoors, in an open area, you should choose a piece of land that is well lit by the sun.
In summer, the bud should be taken out into the air, providing a little shading to protect it from leaf burns by the midday sun.
Catnip does well at 18-20 oC. Temperatures can be slightly lower during colder seasons. In terms of soil, budra is not particularly selective, if it grows in an open area, any soil composition is suitable for it, provided there is sufficient moisture.
The plant is very fond of bright diffused light. But for forms with green leaves, slightly shaded places are also suitable.
If the grass is planned to be grown indoors, a mixture of humus, earth and sand should be used as soil.
The plant requires abundant watering from the beginning of flowering until the fruit ripens. Humidification is slightly reduced by autumn, and moderate watering is maintained in winter. In order for the plant to feel good and develop correctly, it is required to spray its leaves from time to time.
Reproduction of ivy budra occurs with the help of stem cuttings. In this case, the cut from the plant is placed in water or wet sand. The stalk will grow roots within a few days.
The young plant is moved to a separate pot with ready-made soil. The creeping stems of the plant take root well and take root, so if you plant the plant in open ground, it will quickly cover large areas of land.
If such growth is not planned, measures must be taken to limit growth. The variegated variety is more finicky because it requires better lighting and fertile, moist, humus-saturated soil.
To ensure the safety of the plant carpet, it is important to avoid drought by constantly adding additional moisture.
The plant can be infested with pests if not properly cared for.
Budra works equally well in indoor gardening and as an element of the lawn, thanks to its groundcover element.
The variegated form can be used in combination with other garden plants to create a beautiful flower arrangement in the garden or in the country. Budra does not harm other garden plants.
Wild catnip can be used at the foot of fruit trees and bushes for turfing. Boudra covers the soil like a carpet, and thereby delays the evaporation of soil moisture, prevents the development of fungus.
Also, the ivy buddha “carpet” reduces the growth of weeds such as dandelions, as the continuous soil cover prevents unauthorized sowing of their seeds.
Wild budra feels good in the city as well, because it tolerates gas pollution in the air. It can be used in city landscaping - for flower beds, courtyard lawns, summer gardens.
As a preventive measure for the spread of weeds, mowing of plant thickets is most often used. It should be produced before the seeds are ejected.
The use of Budra in Europe goes back millennia. Galen used it in the form of compresses for inflammation of the eyes, and the English phytotherapist D. Gerald - "from tinnitus." Hildegade Bingen recommended Budra for headaches and ear pains. In the "New Herbalist" L. Fuchs (1543), it is described as a remedy for liver diseases, especially jaundice. In addition, in European herbalists, it is recommended for kidney diseases and indigestion.
The Saxons used it for flavoring and clarification in brewing before hops appeared. Bitter substances present in the plant, among other things, contribute to the better preservation of the drink.
The entire plant is harvested during flowering. It is considered an expectorant and healing agent.
The aerial part contains flavonoids (cimaroside, cosmozin, hyperoside, isoquercetin, luteolin-7-diglycoside), triterpenoids (ursolic acid, β-sitosterol), relatively little essential oil (0.03-0.06%), the main components of which are pinocarvon , menthone, pulegon, D-germacrene, germacran, cis-ocimene, sesquiterpenes (glechomafuran, glechomanolide), rosmarinic acid, up to 3-7% tannins, bitter substances glekhomin and marrubin, saponins, lectin, reminiscent of those in legumes.
The plant preparations have an anti-inflammatory effect, which is manifested by the triterpenes present in the raw material.
In scientific medicine, this plant is not used, although a lot of research has been carried out in various directions, up to oncology. In particular, in in vitro experiments, sesquiterpene lactones exhibited a pronounced antitumor effect. But in folk medicine it is widely used, primarily the leaves and the aerial part. In Italy it is used for arthritis and rheumatism.
Budra is very widely used in Chinese medicine for a variety of diseases: cough, erysipelas, abdominal pain, dysfunctions in women, dysentery, jaundice.
In homeopathy, it is used for diarrhea and hemorrhoids.
Contraindications and side effects. Negative health effects and side effects are usually not observed when used at the recommended therapeutic doses. Fatal poisoning has been reported in horses eating large quantities of fresh plants. Mice fed only Budra died within 3-4 days. But I think none of us would think to eat only this plant.
And yet, despite the fact that modern books on the use of wild plants in food in one voice, presenting it as a salad culture, it is better to be careful. The components of essential oil contained in it can have a strong irritating effect on the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, and in large quantities exhibit hepatotoxic effects (in particular, the pulegon present in the oil, although there is much less of it in the bud than, for example, in marsh mint) ...
Infusions of Budra taken orally for inflammation of the mucous membranes in the gastrointestinal tract and diarrhea. As an emollient - for bronchitis and symptomatic treatment of cough, as well as a diuretic for diseases of the bladder and urinary tract, including kidney stones.
Tea 5 g of dried leaves per glass of boiling water are used for colds, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract and bronchitis.
Budra is often used in combination with other plants that have a similar effect. For chronic lung diseases, a good remedy is considered infusion from the following mixture: 2 tablespoons of poplar buds, the same number of budra leaves and 1 tablespoon of black elderberry flowers are steamed overnight with three glasses of boiling water, and during the day they are drunk in 5 doses.
Liquid extract prepared in 25% ethanol in a 1: 1 ratio, that is, dry raw materials and alcohol in equal weight amounts. This tincture is convenient to store and dispense. Take it 20-30 drops 2 times a day with a little water.
A good expectorant is a mixture of budra leaves and agaric grass, taken equally: 3 tablespoons of the mixture are poured with 3 cups of boiling water and soared all night. During the day they drink in 5 receptions.
Externally steamed leaves are applied in the form of a compress for abscesses, for the healing of wounds, ulcers and skin diseases. Well-crushed and turned into a pasty mass, Budra leaves are applied to the abscesses. The infusion of the plant can be a good external remedy for problem skin.
Budra has acaricidal action. Places of the skin infected with an itch mite are rubbed 2 times a day with a strong tincture of budra herb in table vinegar.
With lacrimation and inflammation, cloths soaked in a strong infusion of budra leaves are applied to the eyes.
Budra is a true storehouse of natural substances such as saponins, bitters and tannins, organic acids, resins, triterpenoids, steroids, iridoids, fatty acids, alkaloids, vitamins, phenolcarboxylic acids and flavonoids.
In pharmacology, due to the presence of essential oils, budru is used to improve the aroma and taste of medicines.
Ivy budra has anti-inflammatory, expectorant and antiseptic effects. The components of the plant have a choleretic, anti-sclerotic, wound-healing and anti-cold effect. Improves appetite, normalizes digestion.
Unlike other medicinal herbs, dog mint can be harvested throughout the growing season. The aerial part - leaves, shoots, flowers - has healing power.
Most of all useful substances contain ivy budra, which was collected in hot dry weather. The shoots of the plant are lifted and cut with a knife or scissors.
It is impossible to dry the buddha under a hot roof or in another room adapted for the rapid removal of moisture from plants or products. Essential oils contained in dog mint evaporate at temperatures above 30 ° C.
The ivy-shaped bud is spread in a thin layer on white paper (you cannot take newspapers). Leave in the shade with good ventilation. As soon as the top layer dries, the grass is gently turned over to the other side. Do not stir and stir dog mint.
You can store dry grass at room temperature in sealed jars or cardboard boxes for no more than 1 year.