Eugenia caryophyllata is a medium-sized, evergreen tree that is part of the Myrtaceae family and comes from the Moluccan Islands.
The famous clove tree is cultivated within the African continent, the Asian one and in South America, to make sure to take advantage of the spice that is produced from its floral buds, which is still harvested when it is well closed and dried in the sun.
The Eugenia caryophyllata tree has an erect posture, with an extremely rounded crown, which can count on glossy green leaves.
The flowers, on the other hand, develop together in umbrella-shaped corymbs and a white flower grows from a long red calyx, which has a particularly feathery appearance.
The buds of this plant are characterized by being collected and then dried and represent the spice that is called cloves.
A single clove is therefore made up of an extremely long chalice, formed by 4 sepals and 4 petals still closed, which also represent the central part.
It is important to place the Eugenia tree in a semi-shaded place, so that it can be optimally sheltered from direct sunlight.
This tree particularly suffers from frosts and, for this reason, the advice is to grow it in a cold greenhouse or in an apartment.
Furthermore, during late spring, it is possible to place these plants in an open place, when the danger represented by frosts has completely disappeared.
Since the foliage of aromatic plants is used for food consumption, the advice is to pay close attention to the use of insecticides and fungicides.
It is important to use the latter only for agriculture, paying close attention to the shortage period that is usually written on the label, in such a way as to be adequately informed before providing for the collection of these plants.
The soil in which Eugenia caryophyllata plants are grown must never be too wet.
When proceeding with the planting phase, the advice is to mix peat, soil, pumice and organic substance.
Clove plants have the particular characteristic of preferring soils that are slightly heavy, with an average level of drainage and a not too high degree of humidity.
These are plants that have a tendency to grow like erect saplings.
The clove has the development of a tree and, during the winter season, has the particular characteristic of assuming a green-red color and can reach up to four meters in height. It also has the particularity of keeping the leaves during the winter season.
The propagation of this particular plant occurs by sowing during the spring season, making sure that the new seedlings can safely develop in pots for some time before the final planting takes place.
It is important to remember that the first flowering is not obtained until the fourth or fifth year of cultivation of the clove plant.
These are plants that need extremely regular watering: in most cases 2-3 glasses of water are sufficient.
The advice is to irrigate the area where the clove plant is grown every 2-3 weeks, especially when the soil is completely dry.
Most of the aromatic plants are characterized by being used fresh; during the spring and summer seasons, however, there is the possibility of collecting it in good quantities, which can then be dried or frozen, and then made a particular use of it during the colder months.
Medicinal plants, during the spring season, have the particular characteristic of developing new shoots and new foliage and, for this reason, the advice is to periodically provide fertilization, every 15-20 days, using a fertilizer rich in nitrogen and potassium, which can be mixed with the irrigation water.
The climate of spring, characterized by a high temperature difference between day and night temperatures and rather frequent rains, can create a dangerous development of fungal diseases, which must absolutely be treated preventively with a systemic fungicide, which must be used. before the buds get too big.
At the end of the winter season, the advice is to apply a wide-ranging insecticide treatment, to make sure to prevent the attack of aphids and scale insects.
It is important to remember that treatments must always be applied when there are no blooms in the garden.