Monantes (Monantes) is a succulent perennial houseplant belonging to the Tolstyankov family. The homeland can be considered the Canary Islands. The name Monantes is of Greek origin, where the root "mono" is one, "athus" means "flower".
In nature, they are herbaceous perennials, small bushes, their stems are low and mostly straight, less often - creeping along the ground, crowned with rosettes of leaves, can often form rather dense clumps. The leaves grow on the trunk alternately, very rarely - against each other, they are juicy with a watery pulp, oval or ovoid in shape. The inflorescence is umbellate, it grows with a brush. The flowers are also collected in racemose inflorescences, grow on long stalks, ranging in color from light green, greenish-brown to pink.
Monantes thrives and grows actively only in bright light. In dark corners and rooms, the plant can thin out and even die. Loves south windows and direct light. In winter and autumn, it is important that the plant receives additional lighting.
In the spring-summer period, monantes grows well at normal room temperature, in summer the plant can even cope with the heat. In winter, well-lit and cool rooms are suitable for him, the main thing is that the temperature does not drop below 10-12 degrees. If in winter the temperature is above 12 degrees, then the plant may turn yellow and fall off the leaves.
Monantes, like any succulent, tolerates sufficiently dry air; additional moisture is not required.
During the period of growth activation (in spring and summer), monantes is watered moderately, but regularly, after waiting for the soil in the pot to dry out, not only from above, but preferably to the bottom. During the dormant period (autumn and winter), the amount of watering is gradually reduced, making sure that the leaves do not begin to fall and wither.
It is better to choose a light and loose soil for monantes with a sand content. Leafy soil, which is mixed with charcoal and coarse sand, works well. A drainage layer is needed at the bottom of the pot.
Monantes is fed with conventional cactus fertilizers 1-2 times a year.
Transplant Monantes as needed. This happens when the rosettes grow to such an extent that they no longer fit in the pot. Wide, shallow containers are suitable for the plant.
Most often, Monantes reproduces by dividing overgrown bushes, layering or cuttings. You can divide and plant plants at any time of the year, regardless of its condition.
Stems with rosettes are suitable as cuttings. Having cut off the cutting, it must be left in a cool place so that the cut is slightly dry and preserved, after which it can be immediately rooted without additional germination in pots with a mixture of wet peat and sand. You need to place such seedlings in a warm and bright room. Once the cuttings have taken root, they can be transplanted into wide, low pots.
It is best to root the cuttings in the spring during the period of active growth. For reproduction, take those sockets that hang on the stems from the pots, set pots with nutrient soil under them, on which the mother's sockets are laid, you can lightly attach the stems with wire to the ground. After the rosette has taken root in new soil, it is cut from the mother's stem.
Dividing a plant is the easiest to do. When the plant grows, it is dug up, the bushes at the root are divided into separate seedlings and planted in prepared containers.
Monantes is quite resistant to all kinds of diseases. But it is susceptible to mealybugs. The stems and the space between the leaves can be filled with a cotton-like spider web, at which time the plant stops growing. Also, monantes can infect a spider mite, the leaves will begin to turn yellow and become covered with a thin web. The plant can be cured with special means from pests, clearly observing the proportions.
Botanically, Monantes is divided into several main species with slight differences from each other.
A small perennial shrub with herbaceous leaves, growing in groups, forming clumps. The branches are crowned with large and dense ovoid or cone-shaped rosettes of leaves, the diameter of which is up to 1.5 cm. The leaves are fleshy, have a juicy inner pulp, resemble small wedges in shape, and are densely arranged, which makes them look like tiled laying. Each sheet is small in size, the maximum size is 8 mm in length and 2.5 mm in width. The leaflets are framed by the smallest papillae. From the center of the leaf rosette, a peduncle grows, at the end of which a brush of 4-8 small flowers, green or greenish-brown in color, about 1 cm in diameter is formed.
A small perennial, it is a shrub up to 8 cm in height. The leaves are ovoid, growing alternately, juicy and fleshy, like any succulent. The leaves are up to 7 mm long and 3-4 mm wide. They bloom in inflorescences of 3-7 small flowers, light greenish in color.
A perennial in the form of a shrub, creeping like a rug, has a herbaceous structure. Shoots are crowned with dense leafy rosettes up to 1 cm in diameter. The leaves overlap each other, are arranged in dense tiled rows, are club-shaped, glossy, dark green in color. The arrow of the peduncle is formed from the center of the rosette, at the end of it there is a brush-inflorescence of 1-5 flowers, often purple in color.
Unlike other species, this shrub has highly branched stems. Herbaceous perennial, whose branches invariably end in leaf rosettes. The leaves are small in size, ovoid or drop-shaped in shape, with a narrow end attached to the trunk. The size of the leaves in an adult plant is 4-7 mm in length and 2-4 mm in width. Inflorescences also grow from leafy rosettes, with a maximum number of flowers of about 5 pieces, the color of the inflorescence is either brown-green or dark red.
Few Russian visitors to the Chelsey Flowers Show know that nearby, just a 15-minute walk from the exhibition, is the oldest English botanical garden - Chelsea Physic Garden. And it is worth visiting not only because of its venerable history, but also as a unique living museum and landscape example of a pharmaceutical garden with the richest collections. It was founded in 1873 by the Society of Pharmacists of London for the introduction and study of medicinal plants, as well as the training of apprentice pharmacists. For England at that time, a garden not attached to a university was unusual. And the word "physic" then meant "natural" as opposed to everything metaphysical. The modern Oxford Dictionary defines this word as "medicine" and also as "the art of healing."
Initially, it was allocated 4 acres (1.6 hectares) of land on the banks of the Thames, now the area of the garden is 3.8 acres (1.54 hectares). These places were then already known for their gardens and vegetable gardens, there were several large houses of King Henry VIII. Pharmacists chose this place also because their arrogantly painted barge moored here, which was used for royal holidays and expeditions to collect plants for herbaria. This place was also distinguished by a special microclimate, which made it possible to preserve to this day, for example, the oldest olive tree in Great Britain, growing in open ground.
In the first decade of the garden's existence, there was an active search for a gardener who could manage the garden. Finally, the pharmacist John Watson was assigned to them. He made contact with Leiden University botany professor Paul Hermann to exchange plants and seeds and soon received four Lebanese cedar seedlings from him, which became some of the first cultivated specimens in the country. These cedars have not survived to this day, but they are captured in many old engravings. One of the cedars survived until 1903, and its offspring can still be seen in Cambridge. Until now, the garden publishes an annual Index Seminum for the exchange of seeds with other botanical gardens. And its greenhouses, which store collections of useful heat-loving plants, are considered the oldest in Europe.
In 1712 the estate was bought by Dr. Hans Sloan (1660-1753). In 1716 he was knighted and soon became president of the Royal Horticultural Society and the Royal College of Physicians. For a conditional price of 5 pounds, he leased this territory to pharmacists on the condition that the garden would retain its purpose. He laid the foundation for the future of the garden, demanding that fifty specimens of new plants be brought to the Royal Society every year. So, since 1795, the collection has replenished with 2000 samples and reached 3700.
Sloane passed away at the age of 93, and his collections and library formed the basis of the British Museum and then the Natural History Museum. The £ 5 rent is still paid to his heirs. Sloane's other notable contribution was the appointment of Philip Miller (1691-1771) as Chief Gardener, who dedicated 50 years of his life to the garden and made it world famous. He was subsequently succeeded by William Forsyth, after whom forsythia is named.
Miller carried on an active exchange of seeds and plants with renowned botanists. He became the author of eight editions of the Gardener's Handbook, which became the main guide to plant cultivation not only in Great Britain, but also in America, and were translated into Dutch, German, French. From here, cotton was brought to a new colony, in the American state of Georgia, for cultivation. Miller also provided madder, which was grown to produce red paint.
Many plants were first described by Miller. In 1730, Karl Linnaeus visited the garden several times, who left the name of Miller behind these plants. Now there is Miller's Garden with plants introduced by him.
In 1732, Sloane laid the foundation stone for a magnificent conservatory where Miller lived with his family for a time. This building has not survived, it was demolished in the middle of the 19th century, when there came a time of some decline. In 1899, the garden was taken over by the City Parochial Foundation, but it was still used as a teaching base for students. In 1983, the foundation decided that it could no longer support the garden, and for the first time in its 300-year history, it was opened to the public.
The northern part of the garden is occupied by administrative buildings, lecture halls, a cafe and a souvenir shop, a "tropical corridor" of greenhouses. In the greenhouse opposite, thermophilic medicinal exotics are also grown in pots.
There was no normal summer where I live for a long time (it seems not the north). It doesn't smell of global warming yet. It looks like the whole crop will soon have to be grown in a greenhouse. Maybe someone tried to grow potatoes in a greenhouse?
In a greenhouse, potatoes, of course, can be grown, but one must understand that the costs will be high. It is still better to grow early potatoes under a film cover. A bed is made, on which 2 rows of potatoes will be placed, arcs of wire or tubes are installed and covered with a film. At the beginning and at the end of such a tunnel, the film is not closed, so that there is ventilation. Sometimes such a shelter is made only in the second half of the growing season before the onset of the rainy period, so the plantation is protected from late blight. The main thing in such a shelter is protection from precipitation and it can be done not even to the ground, so that air is blown from the sides. But this method will also result in additional costs.
The best solution would be to use ultra-early ripening potato varieties that ripen 45 days from germination and when grown on high ridges or ridges. Then, even in regions with a short summer, it will be possible to grow potatoes before the onset of cold rainy weather.
Potatoes are a crop that can be grown anywhere. The main thing before planting is to cultivate the land, tubers, and the greenhouse itself with a drug from late blight. In Belarus, some enterprising citizens of early varieties are planted in a greenhouse at the end of January. And in May-June they sell fresh. Well, of course the greenhouse is equipped with a primitive potbelly stove with a water tank, so it retains the heat a little longer. So nothing is impossible.