Nolina, or bokarney - the dream of a minimalist dreamer


Nolina, bokarnea - these words sound like a song, a kind of rhythmic and melodic Mexican tune. And the plant that was awarded these names is just as plastic, at the same time unhurried and at the same time incendiary in a southern way. The trunk of the bokarnea grows slowly, and the disheveled hair, which is not found in any palm tree, turns violently green. What are the requirements for the living conditions of this "bottle palm"?

Home flower of irregular shapes with exuberant hair

This plant comes from the very center of America. Wild varieties of nolina grow in arid Mexico and the southern United States, including Texas. In nature, this is not a cute home flower, but a tree sometimes ten meters tall. And the reckless leafy hat does more than just shade and delight the eye. The hard leaves of the bokarnei were adapted by the inhabitants of Central America for their needs. Since ancient times, hats and baskets have been woven from them. Remember the famous Mexican sombreros?

At the will of the bokarnea - this is a ten-meter tree

At the beginning of the 19th century, the then unnamed nolina first came to the attention of scientists. The honor of discovering a new member of the Agave family belongs to the French traveler Andre Michaud. The discoverer named a hitherto unknown plant after a compatriot - gardener P. Nolino. Two hundred years later, botanists decided that nolina should belong to another family - Asparagus, and the second name of the plant - bokarnea - was recognized as a synonym.

The contradictory nature of the nolina (bokarnei) is reflected in the popular names: "elephant's foot" is something majestic, heavy, firmly standing on the ground, and "horse's tail" is the embodiment of lightness, swiftness, movement. By the way, this is the name of the sidekick in America and Great Britain. And in Russia, another name has become widespread - "bottle palm". Do not think badly about compatriots - just the barrel of an adult Nolina really resembles a bottle in shape.

Nolina is distinguished by non-standard forms

Bocarnea has a non-standard shape. In young plants, the trunk looks like a greenish ball. In adult specimens, it takes on a gray-brown color and resembles an elephant's leg or a bottle, wide at the bottom and tapering at the top. Biologists call this "bottle" form caudex.

Caudex is a thickening at the bottom of the trunk that serves as a storehouse of moisture and nutrients. Such an adaptation was created by nature for the survival of the plant in an arid climate.

The top of the nolina, sometimes two or three of them, is crowned with a bushy tail or a fountain of tough, narrow and long leaves. They do little to evaporate moisture, and some species have a groove in the middle that helps collect dew and rainwater. At first, the foliage of Nolina simply wilts, over the years it curls slightly and becomes disheveled. A thick-stemmed tree, about a meter and a half in height (sometimes even higher), with a whole head of elastic leaves on its "head" looks very nice.

The only "but" - nolina is in no hurry to grow. If you started growing it from a spherical childhood, it will reach its bottle state in 5–6 years. And in another five it will become a solid and thick elephant leg. Although there is a plus here - this plant is a long-liver. So, by purchasing a bokarney, you solve the problem of landscaping an apartment for many years to come. But you are unlikely to be able to observe the flowering of the bottle palm. In captivity, bokarnea does not bloom.

In freedom, bokarnea blooms with small white or pink fragrant flowers, collected in large brushes

But even without flowers, Nolina-bokarney is worthy to take an honorable place in any apartment. The spherical trunk of a teenager-nolina attracts attention with its perfection of form. The rough, solid leg of an adult plant rises as a symbol of respectability.

Nolina is gorgeous at any age and in any environment. It will organically fit into a modern high-tech style interior, give an exotic look to a traditional living room, add coziness to a bedroom and is suitable for landscaping a children's room.

Scientists have noticed that the porous crust attracts and neutralizes harmful air impurities, giving oxygen in return. Nolina helps its hosts to strengthen both the immune system and the nervous system. After all, caring for her is very simple, and you are provided with only positive emotions. By the way, nolina can do without watering for several weeks or even months. It can be grown by people who leave home for a long time.

Domesticated bokarnea and not only

According to the calculations of scientists, 29 species of nolina have been found in nature. Most of them are registered in the American continents. For example, bokarnei bent (recurvata), compressed and long-leaved - originally from the center of Mexico. But two varieties, Nolina long-leaved and Bokarneya small-fruited, live on the Black Sea coast, in the Caucasus and in the Crimea. For home content, Bokarnea is best suited for the bent (recurvata).

  1. Bokarnea unbent (Nolina recurvata) is the most popular type of bokarnea in floriculture. The recurvata has a classic caudex shape: a curved trunk with a thickening at the base, narrow dense leaves from above are collected in a rosette. Under natural conditions, it reaches 8 meters, blooms with small pinkish flowers that form "panicles". In Nolin's house, the bent one does not bloom and grows about one and a half meters.

    Nolina recurvata is by right the most popular vidolina

  2. Compressed bokarnea is very similar to the bent one. She also has a lush "hairstyle" of leaves in the form of straps and a bottle barrel. But the trunk of the compressed nolina is straight, not curved.

    Compressed bokarnea in many ways resembles Nolina bent

  3. Nolina Nelson is called the blue grass because of the color of the leaves. In young plants, the trunk is barely visible, and the leaves are initially directed upward and only slightly droop with age.

    Beaucarney Nelson attracts attention with the bluish color of the foliage

  4. Nolina Lindemeira is one of the lowest species. In Mexico, she was nicknamed "the devil's string." Strong, long leaves cover the ground around the small trunk and are easy to get entangled in.

    Bocarnea Lindemeira is not so beautiful, but very cunning

  5. Bocarnea long-leaved grows up to 10 meters. Its rounded trunk has a thick cork-like bark; by old age, it becomes covered with deep cracks. The bottom of the trunk is covered, as if with a skirt, with old dried leaves. At the top is a rosette of long pointed foliage.

    Nolina long-leaved, like Nolina small-fruited, has long been grown in city parks and greenhouses of the Black Sea coast, in the Crimea and the Caucasus

  6. Bokarneya Matapskaya in nature does not grow more than 2 meters. Its old leaves do not fall off for a long time, forming a "skirt" at the bottom. For a panicle of very narrow leaves, the Mexicans call it "Bergrass tree".
    Bergrass is a herbaceous plant with a thin and pointed leaf blade.

    This Bokarnea Matapskaya did not have a very attractive "skirt" made of dried leaves - traces of a haircut are visible

  7. Bocarnea Parry is not the largest representative of the genus, its height reaches 1–2 meters, with deformation of the top, two or more rosettes of leaves can form on the plant. Green or gray, hard foliage has serrated edges and grows in length up to 50-120 cm.
    At home, in Central America, Bocarnea Parry blooms, forming racemose inflorescences from 1.2 to 4 meters long.

Bocarney Parry blooms with luxurious white, pinkish or yellowish flowers

Optimal conditions: drier air, more sun

Bocarnea is a godsend for our apartments and houses, heated for almost six months. For people from the tropics and subtropics, you will have to humidify the atmosphere by all means, otherwise they will get sick, and maybe die. And the bokarnea, accustomed to the arid climate, will survive the heating season without losses. She is even glad of excessive dryness. Finally, it will be possible to consume moisture from the caudex pantry. Dry and slightly cool air are the most important conditions for winter recreation of the boarnea.

She prefers not water, but sunbathing. There is never a lot of light for a bokarnei, the more the better: constantly, all year round without a break. There will be no light, it will not be possible to grow the famous barrel-bottle, and the green cap will wither and thin out.

According to lovers of bokarnea, this plant attracts not only people. Cats love to feast on greens of bokarney, especially young ones. Apparently, the thin leaves remind them of cat grass. Try to protect your bottle palm from the attacks of herbivorous predators. Plant special grass for them to eat. Then, most likely, it will be possible to fight off the appetite that causes bokarnea.

Table: conditions favorable for sideworms

Spring
  • lighting is bright, some direct sun is encouraged. Bokarnee will like the south, south-west or south-east windows. In less lit places, artificial lighting will be needed. With a lack of light, caudex is poorly formed;
  • humidity is not important, moderate or lower is suitable. He tolerates the proximity of heating devices. Sometimes wipe the leaves with a slightly damp sponge;
  • the temperature is moderate, about 20-23 degrees;
  • Draft and sudden changes in temperature is painful.
Summer
  • in summer, the bokarney can be sent to the balcony or garden. Fresh air promotes active growth;
  • the lighting is bright. No need to shade;
  • in the heat, you can refresh the plant by wiping the leaves with a damp sponge or spraying, but try to avoid getting water on the trunk;
  • the temperature is moderate, up to 25 degrees, but it will survive the heat.
Fall
  • lighting - bright light with direct sun;
  • humidity from 40 to 50 percent. Remove dust from leaves with a damp sponge;
  • the temperature is moderate, 20-25 degrees. At the end of autumn, lower it to plus 16 degrees.
Winter
  • lighting is bright light with some direct sun; With a short day, artificial lighting is useful;
  • low humidity - 30-40 percent. Approximately this level is observed during the heating season, if the air is not specially humidified. Water procedures are not needed, occasionally wipe the leaves from dust;
  • the temperature is cool, optimally - about plus 16 degrees, but not less than 10;
  • protect your sidebar from drafts.

Transplant features - tips

Nolina, or bokarnea, is a plant close to succulents. She, like them, stores moisture and food for future use. It has the same superficial root system and the same soil composition requirements. She prefers to grow in a wide rather than deep container. Consider these features when transplanting.

It is necessary to replant young nolins every year, in the spring. Plants that are more than 3-4 years old are moved to a new pot when the old one has become small. Nolina has stopped growing, greens are formed more slowly than before, are roots visible from the drainage hole? This means that the roots have entwined the entire earthen lump and the pot is already cramped. It's time to transplant.

Roots completely filled the pot

Choose a new pot with a diameter of 2-3 cm larger than the previous one. It should be wide to give room for superficial roots and to accommodate a stable caudex, especially when it comes to an adult plant. Therefore, a ceramic nolina pot is better than a plastic one. It is heavy and stands firmly on the surface. Another advantage of ceramics: the porous material evaporates moisture better. For Nolina, who is afraid of waterlogging, this is very important.

Choose the soil for nolina not the most nutritious, but airy and light. Nature taught her to an ascetic lifestyle, and the land should be poor. Before planting, the soil must be disinfected by calcining. Approximate compositions:

  1. Ready-made soil for cacti or succulents, slightly (up to 20 percent) thinned with sand.
  2. Mix together one part of leafy earth and peat and two parts of coarse sand.
  3. Equally sod land, greenhouse and deciduous humus, half of the river sand.

You have prepared a suitable pot, a disinfected substrate, drainage and, of course, a pot. Before this operation, it must be kept on dry ration, not watered for several days.

  1. Make sure there are some large drainage holes in the new pot. If not, do them.
  2. Pour a layer of drainage (expanded clay, broken brick, crushed polystyrene) on the bottom, about a third of the height of the pot.
  3. Cover the drain with substrate. Gently remove the noline from the old pot, being careful not to damage the side roots.
  4. Place the earthen clod with the plant in a new pot, the caudex thickening should be on the surface.
  5. Add new soil gradually and compact slightly. You can shake the pot for better soil distribution. Do not cover the caudex nolina with soil!
  6. After transplanting, do not water the nolin for 2-3 days. Then - the usual care.

The transplant of an adult Nolina is a difficult matter in the literal sense

Most growers hope to grow a large nolina, but it is impossible to achieve growth in a small pot. We have to transplant, but each time it becomes more difficult to do it. In difficult cases, to stimulate growth, instead of a pot in the spring, they carefully change from 2 to 5 cm of the topsoil, trying not to touch the roots when removing the old soil.

Video: transplant of a large nolina

Care methods - close to natural

Ideally, conditions close to natural should be created for a houseplant. And take care of him in the same way as nature does. When caring for a bokarnea, it must be remembered that she was born in a dry, hot climate. It is not spoiled by rains and fertile soils, and therefore acquired a thick caudex. And if you give more abundance - a lot of food and moisture - she will not be happy, but most likely, she will get sick. The only thing that cannot be overkill is light. So the main principle of leaving is moderation, close to stinginess.

Watering and feeding rules

At home, bokarnei rains are rare guests. They happen once a month or less. The bottle tree has learned to wait out a period of prolonged drought. And even after moving into an apartment, he did not change his habits.

In the spring and summer, when the plant is developing, water the nolin a lot, but not very often. The soil should be completely dry between waterings and be dehydrated for at least 3-4 days. For bokarnei, dry soil is preferable to waterlogged. Irrigation water should be soft, settled. Ideal for rain.

The immersion method can be used to hydrate the roots of the nolina. Pour water into a large container and lower the plant and the pot there. Take it out, let the water drain. And let the earth dry until next time. You can add water not from the top, but to the sump. Then the soil at the roots, which are located in the upper layer, will only be slightly moistened.

Nolina is the center of the composition

In the fall, watering nolina gradually reduce and lower the air temperature. In winter, when the air cools down to plus 16 degrees, watering should be stopped altogether. Nolin's drought will easily survive thanks to caudex. It decreases in size during dry wintering. But the combination of cool air and high humidity is dangerous for her. Sometimes it is even fatal.

During dry periods, only occasionally wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. The procedure is needed not so much to moisturize as to breathe the leaves.

According to scientists, bokarnea can do without watering for a year. But you shouldn't do such experiments at home. Your bokarney will most likely survive, only the price of such an extreme will be considerable. The plant will begin to feed on its bottle trunk, as a result it will be depleted, and the appearance of the bokarnea will lose all decorativeness.

If you decide to leave your bokarney without hibernation, that is, did not lower the temperature, watering can be continued. Just avoid waterlogging.

It is not often recommended to feed Nolin. Even during growth, in spring and summer, once a month is enough. Moreover, make the fertilizing solution twice as weak as written in the instructions. And alternate feeding: one - organic, the other - mineral. Any fertilizer is suitable for decorative leafy indoor plants. From November to March, feeding is stopped.

Video: nolina is over 14 years old

How to form a houseplant

In indoor conditions, bokarnea usually does not bloom. But you can influence the features of Nolina's appearance. Do you want to grow a plant with lush, spreading hair, but the thickness of the "leg" is not so important for you? Then don't keep your nolina in a very bright light, give it medium intensity lighting. But water it regularly. As a result, you will get an elongated stem with a slight thickening at the bottom, and lush green foliage at the top.

This leg cannot be called elephant

Do you really like Nolina's powerful bottle barrel? Then give her plenty of sun or artificial light in winter. But water sparingly and sparingly. Your nolina will begin to build up caudex, but will not strive for height. The result is a bottle tree with a voluminous bottom and a narrow "neck".

Thick trunk - the result of sparse watering

How to care for nolina in winter

Bocarnea rests, like most houseplants, in winter. For good rest, she needs cool air and dry soil, but leave the lighting bright. In order for the bottle palm to smoothly enter the dormant period, in November, begin to gradually lower the air temperature. Optimum for wintering is 10-16 degrees. Together with a cold snap, it should be limited at first, and then completely stopped watering. During hibernation, bokarnea begins to consume nutrients and moisture from the caudex. Do not humidify the air in the room where the plant stands.

More like the dry climate of the apartment with central heating. And if you also have moisture-loving plants, you will have to settle them with a lover of dryness in different rooms or at least corners. By the way, in nature, bokarnei tolerate even light frost.

It is not always possible to provide more coolness in winter. Therefore, try leaving it at normal temperature. But then it is necessary to keep the irrigation regime close to the summer one, only a little less. Eliminate top dressing. In this case, your bottle palm will not hibernate, but will, as it were, doze and grow slowly. Be sure to turn on artificial lighting to help your business.

Video: proper care

Care errors

Nolina, or bokarney, is a naturally strong plant with excellent health. And yet there are some difficulties that a florist may face. When inGrowing a bottle palm must strictly adhere to a watering regime - this is perhaps the most important thing. Then problems are unlikely to arise. And sometimes the worries of the owner of the bokarnea are completely unfounded. For example, at the end of hibernation, the plant inevitably loses its gallant shape. Do I need to worry and take action?

Table: sidecarneal care problems and their solutions

ProblemCauseElimination
The trunk of the bottle palm is too elongated and the caudex does not grow.Excessive watering combined with a lack of lightGive the glass more light, she needs several hours of sun a day all year round. Water less often. Wait until the soil is completely dry, and soak the plant for 3-4 days, only then water
Leaves develop poorly, shrinkThe plant lacks nutrition. Perhaps this is a signal - the roots have become cramped in the pot.Top dressing once a month in spring and summer. Transplant a bokarney or renew the soil
The lower leaves dry and fallThis is a natural process. With age, old leaves die offTo make the bokarnea look attractive, trim off dried leaves with scissors.
The tips of the leaves dry outThis rarely happens with bokarnea. It is not very sensitive to dry air. If there is a problem, then the air is dry, like in the desert.Remove the plant from the radiator, wipe the leaves with a wet sponge, gently spray the green crown without touching the trunk
The trunk and caudex shrink, dry out, lose their shapeThis usually happens after a long wintering. It `s naturallyStart spring watering and feeding. Gradually, the plant will return to its previous shape. Caudex and barrel will pick up moisture

Diseases and pests

Bocarnea rarely gets sick. But if you abuse watering, and even the air in the room where the bottle palm lives is humid - expect trouble. Rot can attack its root system. Often, the disease is detected too late, when the plant is difficult or impossible to cure.

Nolina and insects can disturb. Because of them, the leaves turn yellow and wither, growth slows down. The best prevention is regular inspection and wet wiping of the leaves. Pests love neglected, unkempt plants. If single pests are found, remove them and wash the leaves with soapy water. When there are a lot of insects, insecticide is indispensable.

Table: who and what harms the bottle palm

Pest How to recognizeWay to fight
ThripsSmall black flying insects. Leave silvery streaks on the leaves. Due to the attack of thrips, the leaves are deformed, growth slows downAt the first sign of infection, treat the bokarney with any insecticide
ShieldBrown, hard plaques form on the underside of the leaves. These are wax shields that cover an adult insect. With severe damage, the leaves turn yellow, covered with a sticky coatingRemove insects by hand, they are not afraid of chemicals. After that, treat the plant with an insecticide solution, for example, Fitoverm or Neoron. Carry out the treatments until the pest is completely destroyed.
Spider miteSmall insect. Sucks juice from leaves. The affected leaf becomes covered with yellowish spots or dots, sometimes a white spider web is visible on the plantSpray Actellic or another systemic insecticide with bock. The mite does not tolerate ultraviolet radiation. Apply an ultraviolet lamp
The stem withers, loses its elasticity, the roots darken and become softThis is root rot - a fungal diseaseUrgent care needed. Remove the pot from the pot, assess the degree of damage. If all the roots are soft and darkened, it is useless to heal; if most of them have retained their elasticity, the plant can be saved. Remove the areas affected by rot, sprinkle the sections with charcoal, dry, transplant the plant into a new pot with a disinfected substrate, pour Carbendazim solution for disinfection. Avoid waterlogging of the soil

Reproduction of nolina

Bocarnea reproduces quite difficult. In the book “All About Houseplants”, published 17 years ago, an article about this plant says: “Propagated by shoots during transplantation. It does not work well, it is recommended to buy ready-made plants. " But science does not stand still, during this time rooters, growth accelerators and other drugs that help grow the most exotic plants have appeared.

So, bokarnea reproduces in two ways: by seeds and lateral processes. The first method is not easy and time consuming. The second is simpler, but in order to get an offshoot of a bottle palm, you first need to acquire it itself, and even an adult one that already has processes. Until you see this exotic in every home. An adult bokarney costs a lot. So let's try to sow the seeds.

Sowing seeds

Bokarnea seeds can be purchased at specialty stores or online. Each seed will cost about 12 rubles. Agree, it's practically for nothing.

  1. Soak the seeds for a day or two in a warm solution of the Epin preparation, it stimulates germination.
  2. Prepare the substrate: mix sand and peat equally, disinfect it, pour it into a container.
  3. Place the seeds on a damp substrate, sprinkle no more than 1 centimeter of the same substrate on top.
  4. Cover the greenhouse with foil or glass, put it in a warm, bright place. For seed germination, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 20-25 degrees.
  5. Ventilate and moisten the crop regularly.
  6. Sprouts should appear in 3-4 weeks.
  7. Wait for the young bokarnei to grow strong and transplant them into separate pots. You can plant two or three copies, then they look more decorative.
  8. Care is the same as for adult plants.

Bokarnea sprouts appear in 3-4 weeks

Turning pruning into a new plant

It rarely forms shoots of bokarnea. But in the spring, lateral buds sometimes wake up, they can also give life to new bottle palms.

  1. Cut off the shoot from the trunk of the bokarnei with a blade or knife, try to cut it closer to the bark. Sprinkle the cut with charcoal so that there is no contamination.
  2. Dry the scion, leaving it in the air for about 6 hours.
  3. For a day, place the shoot in a root-forming solution, for example, Epin.
  4. Prepare a light soil (from peat, sand and perlite) or take ready-made mixtures for cacti and succulents. Disinfect and sprinkle on top of the drainage layer.

    Young bokarnei look good as a group

  5. Dig in at a slight slope in a pot with a damp substrate.
  6. To create a greenhouse effect, cover with a plastic cup or bag, make a hole in them for ventilation.
  7. Put in a warm place, keep the temperature 20-25 degrees, the lighting should be bright, but diffused.
  8. Ventilate and moisturize the seedling regularly.
  9. When new leaves appear, remove the protection. Take care of the rooted process as you would for an ordinary bokarnea.

Reviews of the owners of an exotic plant

Bocarnea, or nolina, is a surprisingly pretty plant. It would seem nothing special - a thick rough trunk and a cap of greenery on top. But many have some kind of warm, akin to the bottle palm. For example, they like to be photographed with her, as with a loved one. And there is also an opinion that bokarneya is able to unite a family. Take it into your home, and it will bring peace and harmony.


Nolina or bokarney: unpretentious and useful exotic

A small, palm-like tree with dense caudex and a lush, curly topped foliage is the look of exotic beauty Nolina. In any interior, it will be appropriate, it will add coziness to any room. This houseplant is not picky, and in response to the implementation of simple rules of care, it presents with a spectacular decorative effect, and also cleans the air well.


Description of argyroderma

In appearance, argyroderma is a miniature dwarf succulent, resembling pebbles. Grows in small clusters. One plant usually consists of 2 or 4 densely accrete leaves, flat and fleshy, semicircular in shape. Each leaf does not exceed 3 cm in diameter. Argyroderma grows new leaves from the center, and the lower old leaves die off.

Flowering occurs in the form of a short peduncle emerging from the center of the plant. Outwardly, the flower resembles a daisy and its size is about 3 cm in diameter. Shades of flowers can be white, white-pink and yellow. The flower opens mainly at the late time of the day. For pollination, the presence of flowers of two sexes is required by the cross method. After pollination, several fruits are formed. Their ripening period is March-April. In appearance, the seed capsule resembles a capsule up to 12 mm in diameter, divided into 8-28 cells. The opening of the seed box takes place under the influence of moisture (rain). In greenhouse conditions, seeds are harvested by hand, including dipped in a container with water and waiting for the opening of the capsule.


Flower propagation

Nolin's palm can multiply by seeds and lateral processes.

By shoots

When using this method, the side shoots are cut with a knife as close to the trunk as possible. To stimulate the formation of roots, the shoots are placed for a day in a phytohormone solution, and then in the ground. A pot with a rooted bokarnei cut, folded back, is covered with a cap and exposed to the light. From time to time, the earth is moistened with a spray bottle.

Important! The cut both on the appendix and on the mother trunk must be sprinkled with crushed activated carbon.

Reproduction of bokarnea bent with seeds

Before using the seed, it is soaked for 2 days in water. After the expiration of the period, the emerging seeds are thrown away, the rest are dried on a napkin.

Sowing is done in late February - early March. After treatment with growth stimulants, each seed of nolina recurvat is placed into the ground to a depth of 1 cm. The container with the soil is covered with a film (cap).

The container is placed in a room with a temperature above 25 ° C, far from drafts and with a sufficient amount of light.

Note! Additional lighting speeds up seed germination.

The sprouts emerge in 3-5 weeks. After the first leaves appear, the cap is removed to harden the plant. When 4 leaves grow, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place.


Nolina or bokarney Home care Growing from seeds Photo of a bottle tree

Nolina (lat.Nolina), bokarneya, bottle tree, elephant palm is a perennial woody tropical plant of the Agave family (lat.Agavaceae). Natural habitat - Mexico, southern part of the USA. The genus contains more than 30 plant species, the main part of which will be discussed in the article.

Nolina is a plant that has all the possibilities for survival in the desert. It comes from the same places as cacti and therefore has similar properties. The root does not go deep into the ground, but is at the surface.

To accumulate water at the bottom of the nolina, it has an expansion of the trunk - caudex, thanks to which it can survive in conditions of rain twice a year.

The leaves are leathery, so they catch moisture from the air, but practically do not give it back.

Growing and caring for home Nolina

Nolina bottle tree growing at home

In conditions of artificial growth, the most popular nolina is unbent. We will talk about it further, since other species are not cultivated or grow only in greenhouse conditions.

Nolina is an exotic tall plant. When a young seedling is bought, it seems as if it is a large specimen, although its length may not exceed a meter.

But over the years, the plant develops, grows intensively, ceases to fit on the windowsill, and then it may even rest against the ceiling. Another feature of the cultivated nolina is the lack of flowering.

Flowering occurs exclusively in the wild - this happens extremely rarely in a greenhouse. In apartment conditions, this is a completely unrealistic task.

Nolina has many positive qualities: she has a noble appearance, she practically does not need to be looked after. Even cacti that are able to survive in harsh conditions require more care than this plant. But there are some rules. They must be observed so that she does not die.

How to take care of Nolina at home

Nolina bokarney in interior design photo Nolina flower photo

Temperature for sidewalk

Nolina's natural habitat is the desert. This means that she loves warmth. In summer, the air temperature should be 20-25 degrees, in winter - 10-12. You can deviate from the recommendations - the main thing is that it is not colder than 7 degrees Celsius. In summer, Nolina feels comfortable in the garden outside, if there is no rain or high humidity.

Lighting

It is very important for Nolina to provide a well-lit place. It can be a south-west window. If the plant is grown on the floor, it should be placed in the brightest place.The pot can be placed in direct sunlight and not shaded, since bright sunlight is not terrible at all.

With a slight lack of light, the greens will not start to fade. It is simply that the growing organism will direct the shoots towards the window, which can lead to severe curvature of the trunk. To prevent this, you need to periodically rotate the pot.

Experts recommend turning it 45 degrees clockwise once a week. This allows the plant to grow evenly.

If there is any curvature, it can be easily corrected by turning the pot in the right direction.

How to water nolina

The plant is most afraid of excess moisture. This is the only way to destroy him. Even mechanical damage is not as terrible as excess water, because nolina grows in the desert and receives water extremely rarely under natural conditions.

In spring and summer, the amount of moisture should be small and controlled. A maximum of two waterings are organized per month. If water accumulates in the sump, discard it immediately.

When the air temperature drops, watering is reduced even more until it stops completely in winter. A sufficient supply of water is stored in the caudex, and the leaves can receive moisture from the air.

Only if the trunk of the nolina has lost its elasticity and wrinkled, you can arrange a little watering.

Air humidity

This is an optional metric that you can ignore. The plant thrives in any humidity, so it is not necessary to spray it. If you want to organize such a procedure, you need to make sure that the water is only on the leaves, and not on the trunk, because this can cause it to rot.

The soil

Nolina loves airy, light soil, which is well saturated with air. The easiest option is to buy a ready-made succulent substrate, which is sold at any flower shop.

You need to add gravel or expanded clay to it to make it more airy and light. If you want to cook it yourself, you need to mix clay soil, leaf humus, sand and expanded clay in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1.

It is also recommended to add activated or charcoal to the mixture - it will enrich the soil.

How to feed a bottle tree

Exclusively in the summer, the bottle tree is fed with mixtures for succulents at intervals of two to three weeks.

Nolina transplant video

How often do you transplant?

A young plant needs replanting annually in the spring in order to slightly increase the pot. The more adult Nolina becomes, the less transplantation is required.

When the plant reaches 15-20 years old, it is almost impossible to transplant, since it is very large, with developed roots. This is done only in emergency cases, when the trunk, root begins to rot.

In other cases, replace the top of the soil cover.

How to choose the right pot for bokarnei?

How to take care of Nolina at home Correct transplant

Not all pots are suitable for nolina, since the plant is caudex, it can overturn some containers, and deteriorate in others. Choose a wide and low vessel that has drainage holes at the bottom. Width to height should have a ratio of 1: 3. A third of the pot is filled with drainage (expanded clay or gravel).

If nolina was bought in a low-quality pot, you need to transplant it. A plant with an earthen clod is taken out and planted in a new pot within 1-2 days. A thick trunk with caudex will not die if it is not in the soil for some time. Even if the transplant is carried out for a young plant, there is no particular danger.

Choose a wide pot, fill it with drainage, cover with soil and plant a plant. You need to understand that Nolina needs as much land as the roots are immersed in it. The rest is filled with drainage.

Otherwise, excess earth may sour. It must be remembered: nolina has superficial roots, so it does not need a large amount of substrate. Excess soil will only do harm.

Planting nolina in a pot

After preparing the pot and soil, the plant can be planted. It is taken out of an old pot, cleaned of the substrate in order to examine the roots and trunk for rot.

If Nolina arrived after the store, she may be flooded with water, so she must stand and dry for several hours.

If rot is found, it is cut out with a sterile knife, the cut site is treated with crushed activated carbon.

A mound of soil is made over the drainage, where a tree will be planted. Then they tamp this place, put a zero, straighten the roots and sprinkle it with earth so that the plant is vertical. If there is someone who can help, it is best to involve him.

Care must be taken when planting so that the trunk does not sink into the ground, otherwise it will be detrimental to the plant. It happens that gardeners try to hide the decorative imperfections of the trunk by hiding it in the ground. It is strictly forbidden to do this with Nolina. Do not be afraid - over time, the flaw will grow, becoming almost invisible.

After planting, the ground is tamped again to secure the plant. If this does not help, the trunk is decorated with beautiful pebble stones and heavy decorative material that can hold the weight of a young tree.

The first two or three days are stressful for a young tree, so it should be kept in the shade, left without watering. If you brought the nolina from the store where it was poured, it began to rot a little, watering is prohibited for 1-2 weeks.

Group landing nolin

Nolina's decorativeness is beyond doubt. But if you plant a group of plants in one pot, you can get a truly unique look that will make your home corner special.

They plant 3-5 healthy plants at once in one pot, trying to select specimens of nolina that have the same age. The nolins sit at a minimum distance from each other so that they touch a little.

Gradually, the trunks grow in height and breadth, uniting into one tree with an interesting appearance.

A distinctive feature of the composition will be the presence of many tops, which can be made at the same level or at different, deliberately planting plants of different sizes. This will make the look more interesting.

Many plants will combine into one powerful and thick, and at the top they will differ in many different bundles of narrow long leaves, falling down in the form of lush green panicles.

How to transplant nolina, we look at the video:

The main problems in growing nolina

This plant differs in that it is practically not susceptible to attacks of dangerous diseases and pests. The main problems appear solely as a result of improper nolina cultivation, and they can be quickly corrected.

Pests

Pests are extremely rare for nolins. If the plant is in low light conditions or is watered excessively, it can be attacked by scale insects, thrips, spider mites. The latter parasite is most common, since in hot summer it infects other plants from which it can move.

It is necessary to remove all pests from the leaves. A cotton swab is moistened with soapy water and passed over the green foliage. Then they purchase actelik or other insecticides with which the plant is treated.

Then they correct the growing conditions (increase the humidity, if we are talking about a spider mite) and make sure that parasites do not appear.

Bokarnea diseases

Diseases occur when nolina is grown in conditions of insufficient sunlight and excess moisture. If you eliminate mistakes in care, diseases will go away on their own.

The main mistakes in caring for home Nolina

  • Loss of leaf elasticity, drying out. Occurs due to high temperatures and too dry air. Nolina is treated by moving the plant to a cool place, and the leaves are sprayed with water.
  • Dry leaf tips, shriveled stem. The problem is the lack of water, which is replenished using the simple irrigation method.
  • Leaves are brown, shedding. It occurs due to excess moisture - watering is reduced.
  • The trunk grows slowly. Nolina needs fertilization as there are no nutrients for growth.
  • The trunk is covered with rot. An overflow problem occurs. A simple reduction in moisture is not enough - you need to cut out the affected area and disinfect it, dry it, be sure to transplant the plant.
  • Caudex does not increase in thickness. The problem arises with simultaneous overflow and insufficient light. After the correction, observe the changes.

What to do if Nolina's root rots

Rot occurs only if the owners overdo it with watering. As soon as you notice the danger, you need to act immediately. The plant is freed from the pot, the root is carefully examined, all rotten areas are cut out with a disinfected tool, the sections are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Even if the nolina has no roots at all, do not despair: sanitize the trunk and re-root the plant.

To do this, plant a pot with clean fresh soil for cacti, and the pot is disinfected before that either by pouring boiling water over it, or rinsing with a solution of potassium permanganate. After planting, in no case water the plant for one to two weeks.

Watering is resumed gradually, only slightly wetting the soil, but never watering the plant's trunk. Over time, the bottle tree will take root.

Reproduction of nolina by lateral processes

How to propagate nolina with lateral processes

An interesting way of breeding nolina is by using lateral shoots. Many growers successfully get new plants from the shoots that have appeared on the trunk of an elephant palm.

  • To do this, it is enough to gently break the lateral process and place it in the root solution.
  • Check for rotting. If this happens, do not be upset: just remove the leaves damaged by rot and put the shoot in water again.
  • The roots will not appear immediately, you need to be patient, change the water so that it is fresh.
  • When small roots appear, do not rush to plant the plant in a pot, let it grow a little more.
  • When the roots grow at least half a centimeter, you can plant a new bottle tree and take care in the usual way: monitor the moisture content of the substrate, but avoid stagnant water.

Growing nolina from seeds

Nolina from seeds Nolina seeds photo

A more common way of breeding nolina at home is growing from seeds.

  • For germination of seeds, bokarnei choose a wide flat vessel, the bottom is filled with perlite or river sand.
  • Pour on top 2-3 cm of a special substrate for succulents with a mixture of sand and activated carbon. Pour clean sand on top. The soil is impregnated with zircon and epin.
  • Since nolina seeds are large (4 mm in diameter), they need long soaking. They are kept in a solution of zircon with epin for 10 hours, then poured onto the sand in a pot and covered with cellophane.
  • The greenhouse must be placed in a place where it is not less than 25 degrees, so that germination is of high quality, fast. Every day you need to organize ventilation, wipe off condensation from the film.

Nolina growing from seeds photo seedlings

Nolina seed germination is uneven. When shoots have appeared, you need to wait for sufficient sprouting of the root, then put it down with a toothpick. You can not separate the sprout from the seed, since the latter contains the maximum amount of nutrients needed by a young plant.

When a month passes after germination, an inverted plastic pot with holes is placed instead of a film so that it partially retains moisture. When nolina sprouts are two months old, they dive. Young plants are planted completely in independent pots only after reaching the age of six months.

Nolina is a magnificent exotic plant that does not need special care. It will be a beautiful decoration for a country house or a spacious apartment, as well as an elite office space, a conference room.

Types of nolina with description and photo

Nolina long-leaved Nolina longifolia

Nolina longifolia Nolina longifolia photo

A large plant with a powerful cork-like bark dotted with cracks. Grows up to 3-4 meters. Most of the trunk contains remnants of old dried leaves.

Nolina bent Nolina recurvata

Nolina bent Nolina recurvata photo

The tree trunk has a bottle bulge at the bottom. Above, the plant branches weakly. The stem is one meter thick. The top of the tree is formed from linear ribbon-like leaves collected in a rosette.

The characteristic of the leaves is as follows: dark green, leathery, sinuous, narrow (up to 2 cm), long - up to 1 m.Under natural conditions, when flowering in summer, nolina is covered with cream-colored flowers that form panicle inflorescences.

The popular name of nolina bent is "elephant's leg" because of the shape of the trunk, and "pony's tail", since the top is formed by a lush bunch of large long greenery.

Nolina lindheimeriana

Nolina lindheimeriana photo

It is popularly called the "devil's lace", since the dense leaves more than once became an obstacle to the wanderer and did not let him out of their embrace. It is a very short plant with almost no trunk visible.

Nolina matapskaya Nolina matapensis

Nolina matapskaya Nolina matapensis photo

They also call the Bergrasovo tree, it grows up to 2 m.When the leaves dry up, they stay on the stem for a long time until they fall off.


Why do nolina's leaf tips dry and turn yellow?

As you know, with proper care and avoiding mistakes, the plant rarely gets sick and develops quite well. Therefore, most of the problems with growing this flower are caused by the carelessness of its owner.

It happens that the caudex of nolina does not grow, while the trunk becomes thin and stretches. This is most likely caused by a combination of factors such as over-watering and too dim lighting. This problem can be solved by rearranging the flower in a brighter place, or by placing fluorescent lamps near it. It is advisable to expose the plant to short periods of drought from time to time.

Nolina's leaves can dry out for various reasons, and sometimes this is a common natural process, which does not make sense to intrude. If the upper part of the crown is normal and has a natural dark green color, and only the lower old leaves dry, then you should not worry. Old and damaged parts are simply cut as close to the base as possible. One of the reasons why nolina leaves can dry out is too dry air combined with insufficient watering. You can correct the situation with the help of regular spraying and careful timely moistening of the soil. Also, drying of the leaves is often observed with improper fertilization.

If symptoms of decay of the root system appear, the leaves become covered with brown spots, and the shoots lose their elasticity, then this is an obvious overmoistening of the plant. Especially if improper watering is combined with too low temperature and insufficient lighting. In such cases, even such a hardy flower as nolina may die. If, nevertheless, this happened, then in order to save the plant, it is necessary to urgently remove all damaged parts and treat the cut areas with activated carbon. After that, the flower must be transplanted into fresh dry soil and allowed to rest for several days.

In the future, it is important to find a good location for the plant and do moderate watering.

The leaves of the nolina flower can also turn yellow due to old age and due to problems with care. The reason for this may be the placement of the pot close to heating devices, or, conversely, the effect of too cold air on the plant.Also, the leaves of Nolina may begin to turn yellow if it was transplanted incorrectly, since the root system of this flower is poorly developed, but it is damaged very easily. For example, if you make a transplant with a complete replacement of the soil, then the plant will hurt for a long time after that. It is best to simply gently transfer the flower into a new pot, while getting rid of only part of the old earthen coma.

Due to improper watering, the plant may begin to dry, the tips of the leaves may turn brown. In this case, everything is individual - the cause can be both overdrying and overmoistening. If, despite the fact that the leaves droop, there is also a loss of shape and wilting of the trunk, then we are talking about a lack of water. This can happen even if watering is plentiful, but still too rare. In this case, you should resume proper care of the plant and spray it with water at room temperature every day.

If the microclimate is too dry, a spider mite can also settle on nolin. It is not difficult to find it, since the cobweb, and the mite itself, are quite noticeable. You can get rid of this pest with an insecticide.

If the leaves of the plant turn yellow and droop, then it may be damaged by the scabbard or thrips. You can solve the problem by wiping it with soapy water and spraying with karbofos.


Reproduction methods

Nolina reproduces both by seeds and by side small shoots.

Growing their plant seeds is not difficult. They can be bought in specialized stores (since indoor bokarnea species do not bloom). Germination is carried out in a wide flat vessel filled with sand or perlite. On top of this filler, 2-3 cm of purchased ready-made soil for succulents is poured, pre-mixed with sand, sprinkled with clean sand on top and the whole mixture is impregnated with Zircon or Epin growth stimulants.

Nolina seeds are large, 3-4 mm in diameter, and therefore it is advisable to soak them for 8-10 hours (optimally in a solution of the same Epin, Zircon), and then put on the sand, cover with cellophane and place in a warm place with a temperature of at least +25 ° C. Every day, the mini-greenhouse needs to be ventilated and wiped with cellophane, removing condensation from it.

A month later, the seedlings hatch, and the vessel with them is determined in the most lighted place in the house. A month later, young bokarnei are ready to be seated in individual pots. Until this time, young shoots cannot be fertilized.

If lateral shoots grow on the caudex nolins, they are also used for reproduction, carefully separating them from the parent plant. The cutting is soaked for a day in a solution of the biostimulator Kornevin and placed in a soil substrate at an angle. Cover with a transparent cap (it is convenient to use cut plastic bottles) and leave warm.

With regular airing and spraying, you can count on rooting, which will be evidenced by the appearance of new leaves on the process. After that, they take care of him in the same way as for the adult Nolins.

Some growers practice rooting the shoot in water. After soaking in Kornevin, they are placed in water, which is regularly changed. If some leaves rot, they are removed. When the roots reach a length of half a centimeter, they are transplanted into the ground.

In general, seed propagation of nolina is more efficient than lateral processes.


Reproduction of nolina

Bocarnea reproduces quite difficult. In the book “All About Houseplants”, published 17 years ago, an article about this plant says: “Propagated by shoots during transplantation. It does not work well, it is recommended to buy ready-made plants. " But science does not stand still, during this time rooters, growth accelerators and other drugs that help grow the most exotic plants have appeared.

So, bokarnea reproduces in two ways: by seeds and lateral processes. The first method is not easy and time consuming. The second is simpler, but in order to get an offshoot of a bottle palm, you first need to acquire it itself, and even an adult one that already has processes. Until you see this exotic in every home. An adult bokarney costs a lot. So let's try to sow the seeds.

Sowing seeds

Bokarnea seeds can be purchased at specialty stores or online. Each seed will cost about 12 rubles. Agree, it's practically for nothing.

  1. Soak the seeds for a day or two in a warm solution of the Epin preparation, it stimulates germination.
  2. Prepare the substrate: mix sand and peat equally, disinfect it, pour it into a container.
  3. Place the seeds on a damp substrate, sprinkle no more than 1 centimeter of the same substrate on top.
  4. Cover the greenhouse with foil or glass, put it in a warm, bright place. For seed germination, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 20-25 degrees.
  5. Ventilate and moisten the crop regularly.
  6. Sprouts should appear in 3-4 weeks.
  7. Wait for the young bokarnei to grow strong and transplant them into separate pots. You can plant two or three copies, then they look more decorative.
  8. The care is the same as for adult plants.

Bokarnea sprouts appear in 3-4 weeks

Turning pruning into a new plant

It rarely forms shoots of bokarnea. But in the spring, lateral buds sometimes wake up, they can also give life to new bottle palms.

  1. Cut off the shoot from the trunk of the bokarnei with a blade or knife, try to cut it closer to the bark. Sprinkle the cut with charcoal so that there is no contamination.
  2. Air dry the scion for about 6 hours.
  3. For a day, put the shoot in a root-forming solution, for example, Epin.
  4. Prepare a light soil (from peat, sand and perlite) or take ready-made mixtures for cacti and succulents. Disinfect and sprinkle on top of the drainage layer.

Young bokarnei look good as a group

  • Dig in at a slight slope in a pot with a damp substrate.
  • To create a greenhouse effect, cover with a plastic cup or bag, make a hole in them for ventilation.
  • Put in a warm place, keep the temperature 20-25 degrees, the lighting should be bright, but diffused.
  • Ventilate and moisturize the seedling regularly.
  • When new leaves appear, remove the protection. Take care of the rooted process as for an ordinary bokarnea.

  • Watch the video: I Filmed What Lucid Dreaming Looks Like


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