Tomato Rosemary is a godsend for all gardeners. Since this hybrid will delight you with its high yield and taste... This variety is loved not only by adults, but also by children. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.
Tomato Rosemary Pound was bred by Russian breeders. The variety was entered in the state register of the Russian Federation for cultivation in greenhouses in 2008.
Advantages of the variety:
The disadvantages include:
Sowing seeds for seedlings begins in late March. Before planting, it is necessary to carry out pre-sowing preparation:
The soil for growing seeds should be fertile and light. When sowing, the seeds are buried 2 cm into damp ground. For quick germination of seeds, they are sown in a micro-greenhouse and the moisture of the soil and air is maintained. After 2-3 leaves appear, the seedlings are dived into separate pots.
Rosemary is grown under a film cover. They are planted in open ground for temporary shelter only in regions with favorable climatic conditions.
Young seedlings are planted after the end of the spring frost. The place is selected sunny and protected from drafts.
For good growth, the plant must be fertilized, watered, pinned on time. Since Rosemary grows up to 130 cm, it needs support.
If the air temperature drops below +13 degrees, the plant must be artificially pollinated.
The grown seedlings are dived at the stage of two true leaves. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place at the age of 2 months. Landing scheme 40x60.
Although the plant has a thick stem, it still needs a garter.
Watering, loosening, weeding and groundbait are the basic rules of care... You need to water the bushes only with warm water. After each watering, loosening is carried out around the bush so that an earthen crust does not form. Watering must be done every five days.
With a lack of moisture, the fruits begin to crack and grow poorly.
Plant feeding is carried out in several stages:
Tomatoes are very sensitive to both lack and excess of fertilizers.
The condition of a plant can be determined by its appearance:
The Rosemary variety, if the rules of care are not followed, are exposed to such a disease as leaf curling.
Reasons for twisting and getting rid of the disease:
If everything is done correctly, the leaves will return to their original appearance in 2-3 days.
Prevention of leaf curling
Since the rosemary variety is hybrid, completely different tomatoes can be grown after harvesting the seeds. But you can try.
Tomato Rosemary is unpretentious to care, but very responsive. The more carefully you take care of it, the more harvest it will bring. Tomatoes give their wonderful taste in salads, juices and fresh consumption.
According to gardeners' reviews and photos, Rosemary tomatoes differ in yield when grown in greenhouses. In protected ground conditions, it turns out to collect the largest yield with good care. Rosemary tomatoes need to provide fertile soil, top dressing, regular watering, protection from diseases and pests, and the air temperature is above +18 ° C.
An excellent harvest is obtained when healthy, strong seedlings are planted. When growing seedlings on your own, it is important to correctly calculate the time of sowing seeds, to provide the tomatoes with optimal temperature, humidity and illumination.
When transplanting seedlings into a greenhouse, special attention is paid to soil preparation. A sufficient distance is left between the holes and rows for the development of a strong root system and good illumination of the plants during growth. It is undesirable to make thickened plantings, this contributes to the development of diseases, and makes it difficult to care for tomatoes.
For the successful formation of fruits, plants are regularly watered, fed, monitored for looseness and cleanliness of the soil in the greenhouse. For the prevention of diseases and pests in the spring, plants are treated with fungicides and insecticides. Correct removal of stepchildren and tying the bushes helps to get maximum yield from a small greenhouse area.
Seeds for seedlings are sown 50-60 days before planting in the ground. If the greenhouse is heated, you can start growing in January-February. Sowing is convenient to carry out in cassettes. This helps to delay the moment of diving into the seedling glasses.
Technology for obtaining seedlings from seeds:
When 3-4 true leaves appear on the seedlings, they are dived into seedling glasses with a capacity of 350-400 ml. For cultivation, a mixture of humus, black soil, peat and sand is used. After about 50 days from sowing, the seedlings will be ready to be transplanted into the greenhouse.
Growers plant seedlings of rosemary tomatoes in a greenhouse without heating from mid-May to early June. A well-formed bush should have at least 7 leaves, a sturdy stem, about 25 cm high, well-developed roots. The timing of planting depends on the climatic conditions of the region and the equipment of the greenhouse. In case of frost, seedlings may die.
Before planting, the soil in the greenhouse is dug up, weeds are removed, compost or humus is introduced - 5 kg per 1 sq. m, and ash - 1 tbsp. by 2 sq. m. Tomatoes react well to phosphorus and potash fertilizers.
Rosemary tomatoes are tied up immediately or as they grow. If the weather is hot and sunny, it is advisable to shade the seedlings in the first two weeks.
Plants are watered with warm water as the soil dries out. In hot and dry times, they do this at least once every 5 days. The garden bed under the tomato bushes is mulched so that the earth remains loose and loses less moisture. If water is insufficient during the ripening of the crop, tomatoes can crack, losing their attractive appearance.
Superphosphate is added to the wells during planting - 15-20 g each. Do not apply fresh manure under the tomatoes. Overfeeding plants is dangerous, to the detriment of the harvest, they grow powerful stems and leaves.
Stepsons or side shoots appear near each leaf on the stem. They are broken off by hand when they have not yet reached a length of 10 cm, leaving small stumps. It is not recommended to break off all stepsons on one plant at once, removing 3 or 4 pieces, continue the procedure in a week.
Bushes are tied to a wooden rail or trellis. It is convenient to use twine for this. Make a small loop, reinforce it under the bottom leaf of the tomato and wrap the twine around the stem clockwise. The upper end of the rope is attached to the trellis under the ceiling of the greenhouse. Tomato Rosemary belongs to indeterminate, it grows all the time of its growing season and can reach 2-2.5 m in height.
Tomato Rosemary, like all tall varieties that are grown in a greenhouse, is formed into one stem. Some gardeners leave two stems on the plant, hoping to get a larger yield this way.
To form a bush in two stems, leave the stepson coming from the leaf, which is located under the lowest peduncle. This side branch will be powerful and will be able to set large fruits like the main shoot.
Before you start sowing seeds for seedlings, the greenhouse is treated from pests and diseases hibernating in it. To do this, you can use powdered sulfur or sulfur checkers. Sulfur smoke will cleanse the greenhouse from fungal diseases and insect larvae.
Seedlings transplanted into a greenhouse are watered with Fitosporin solution to prevent fungal diseases. At an air temperature above +18 ° C, young plants are sprayed with "Fitoverm" against insect pests and ticks.
Outwardly, the bush resembles an oval. Its trunk is quite strong and stable. The branches are directed slightly upward. The foliage is elongated. The color is deep green. The bush reaches a height of 60-70 cm.
The bush gives many stepsons, due to which it forms a dense ovary. One branch can hold from 12 to 15 small tomatoes. The fruits are bright red in color, but they ripen gradually. There is a photo on the package of seeds that fully reflects the appearance of an adult bush with ripe fruits. The weight of one 1 tomato can be 20-25 g.
Up to 4 clusters with fruits can grow on one branch. Pugovka loves the sunlight, so when choosing a place for planting, preference should be given to a well-lit place, then the fruits will have a sweetish taste and thin skin. With proper care of the plant, you can harvest from 1.5 to 3 kg of the crop from one bush.
The description of the variety shows that it is quite possible to grow it all year round at home, since the bushes are low in height, do not require a garter and easily tolerate small temperature drops.
Vegetable cultivation can be organized on a balcony or loggia. The main thing is that there is enough light and the temperature does not drop below +18 ° C.
The Pugovka variety is considered early ripening. From the moment of sowing the seeds to harvesting, it takes about 90 days.
Culture has its pros and cons in cultivation and care, you need to know about them in advance.
The Japanese dwarf does not suffer from late blight, but can be affected by other ailments. Among them:
To prevent bacteriosis, seeds are treated with potassium permanganate or Baktofit solution before sowing.
In the initial stages from Alternaria, spraying with Trichodermin helps
Blackleg develops in conditions of excessive moisture
Of the pests for tomatoes, aphids are the most dangerous. It tightly covers the plates of bushes growing in the open field, and sucks juices out of them, preventing the formation of ovaries.
A solution of laundry soap helps against aphids on tomatoes.
Preventively, tomatoes can be protected from disease by regularly loosening and cleaning the beds from plant debris. Before sowing seedlings, it is recommended to process seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate to increase endurance.