When and where is it better to drill a well on the site - useful tips


Water is a life-giving moisture that is needed for everything on earth. Without it, a person, animal or plant cannot survive. If there is no water on the personal plot, then it will turn into a real desert. Therefore, in the absence of a well or other source of water supply, the owners of the dacha will have to worry on their own about providing it with water. Pure spring water from a deep well - what could be better? This source has such advantages as high fluid loss and long service life. Let's talk about when and where it is better to drill a well so that it can provide the site with high-quality water for many years.

How to locate an aquifer?

The most important thing in choosing a place for drilling is the location of the well above the aquifer. Otherwise, you can try after try, but you won't be able to get to the water. In addition, it is necessary to place the well in such a way that it is convenient to use it and carry out repairs if necessary. By the way, do not forget that drilling machines must drive up to the drilling site.

Finding an aquifer is not so easy - the diagram shows possible well designs depending on their depth (click to enlarge)

In order to be sure that it is in a given place that it makes sense to drill the ground, it is necessary to study a number of factors. The presence of an aquifer is indicated by:

  • surface waters;
  • certain types of vegetation;
  • geological features of the area.

For example, when studying your own site for the subject where it is better to drill a well, you need to pay attention to the places where willows and sorrel, wild rosemary and birch, bird cherry and lingonberry grow. If small insects hover above the ground in dense vegetation, then the people also consider this a sign of groundwater. Exploration drilling is essential to be sure. How to do it yourself is described in this video clip:

Additionally, you can make sure of the presence of an aquifer by resorting to the help of so-called dowsers. They explore the territory of the site with special frames, after which they indicate specific places and even sometimes the thickness of the soil that separates the water from the surface of the earth.

Where not to drill a well?

Although the main condition for successful drilling is the presence of an aquifer, there are still several factors to keep in mind.

For example, when choosing a place where to drill a well on a site, it is worth remembering that the source must be reliably protected from contamination. Therefore, it is better to give preference to an environmentally friendly corner. In no case should the well be placed near sources of pollution. It should be at least 15 m away from sedimentation tanks and septic tanks. To cesspools and cesspools, a distance of 50 m is acceptable. Wells should be removed from industrial enterprises, warehouses, garbage heaps and landfills by a hundred meters or more.

What time of year is it better to start drilling?

Having decided on the place, it is necessary to appoint a time when the well will be drilled on the site. Traditionally, it is believed that the best time for such work is summer or warm autumn. But thanks to modern technologies, you can change your point of view: drilling equipment is able to cope with its task in winter. Moreover, from an economic point of view, it is more profitable to drill a well in cold weather. Of course, we are not talking about severe frosts: the mercury on the thermometer should not fall below 20 degrees.

Winter drilling fully justifies itself - it is much easier to carry out work than during spring floods or during rain

During the cold season, drilling is facilitated by the fact that at this time the groundwater is at a minimum level. Therefore, it is much easier to hit the aquifer with maximum precision. By the way, the soil will not suffer so much from heavy equipment. Any car in winter can easily reach the swampy or the most inaccessible area.

Another plus of performing drilling operations in winter is the absence of rain or melt water, which can significantly complicate the drilling process. Finally, having taken up this useful business in the winter, you can provide the site with excellent water by the spring. And with her it is much more fun to start a new planting season.

  • Print

Rate the article:

(17 votes, average: 4.3 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


Where and when is it better to drill a well - choosing the right place and time of year

Autonomous water supply is not a luxury, but an urgent need for many owners of cottages and country houses. In order to properly equip the system, it is important to choose the time when it is better to drill the well, determine the location and solve many more organizational issues. All this is quite simple, you just have to weigh all the pros and cons.


Organization of the process

It is important to remember that when choosing the location of a well for water, one should be guided by the sanitary rules and norms established by SanPiN, according to which drilling is performed at a distance of at least 30 m from the sewer well. It is equally important to accurately determine the location of the aquifer in a specific area. There are several factors that allow you to quickly and accurately find an aquifer, that is, a place for a well:

  • surface water availability
  • plants
  • test drilling
  • geology of the territory
  • location of wells in neighboring areas.

After the location for the well has been selected, the water supply project has been developed, it is necessary to decide when it is best to start drilling. Experts advise to carry out similar types of work in the summer or early fall.

Fig.2 "Well drilling process"

Despite the fact that modern technologies make it possible to choose any time of the year for punching wells under water, wells are traditionally made in the summer or autumn period. But in the spring, experts do not recommend carrying out such work. The site owner must first assess the advantages and disadvantages of each season.


Is it possible to drill a well in winter: process features

Winter time looks ideal for these jobs. It was during this period that they are working on artesian and sand wells. The essence of the technology is to drill a narrow well. The risk of incorrect determination of the aquifer level is minimized.

Benefits of drilling a well in winter:

  1. Minimum water table
  2. At this time, the earth is least injured from wheels and tracks of equipment.
  3. You can get to wetlands that are difficult to reach at other times
  4. No melt and rain water
  5. You don't have to worry about the peace of mind of your neighbors, as the dachas are empty at this time.
  6. You can save money by getting on winter discounts
  7. It takes less time to work.

Summing up, we can say that it is quite possible to drill a well in winter. This is the cleanest way to do the job. Organizational issues are simplified, which at other times of the year can be difficult, which reduces the time for work. In this case, there will be no traces of the consequences of the work.

Well flushing is optional during the winter. All the dirt will come out during floods.

But there are also disadvantages of winter work on the site. To begin with, this is the depth of soil freezing. It will take more time and effort. Next, you need to take into account the differences in the water horizon. It is more difficult to find quality water. You should also take into account that the water can freeze. In addition, not very comfortable conditions are created for the employees themselves.


When is it better to make a well for water. Benefits of summer and winter drilling

Owners of land plots located in places not provided with a central water supply system are often forced to solve the problem associated with equipping their own territory with an autonomous water supply system.

To create a system that functions for a long time, it is necessary to develop a source design, correctly calculate its productivity, determine the most suitable place for drilling, and the time of year when it is best to drill a well.

Competent solution of the listed issues will significantly reduce the financial costs associated with the installation of the water supply system, and the time of work.

Fig. 1 "Water supply device at the site"

Organization of the process

It is important to remember that when choosing the location of a well for water, one should be guided by the sanitary rules and norms established by SanPiN, according to which drilling is performed at a distance of at least 30 m from the sewer well. It is equally important to accurately determine the location of the aquifer in a specific area. There are several factors that allow you to quickly and accurately find an aquifer, that is, a place for a well:

  • surface water availability
  • plants
  • test drilling
  • geology of the territory
  • location of wells in neighboring areas.

After the location for the well has been selected, the water supply project has been developed, it is necessary to decide when it is best to start drilling. Experts advise to carry out similar types of work in the summer or early fall.

Fig.2 "Well drilling process"

Despite the fact that modern technologies make it possible to choose any time of the year for punching wells under water, wells are traditionally made in the summer or autumn period. But in the spring, experts do not recommend carrying out such work. The site owner must first assess the advantages and disadvantages of each season.

Water supply device in summer and autumn

It is best to punch a well and install a water supply system in the warm season: in summer, or early autumn. The advantage of the period is:

  • warm soil and positive air temperature
  • dry soil
  • stable groundwater table
  • positive conditions for the performance of survey work.

The above factors make it possible to equip the mine with minimal time and money. The disadvantage of summer drilling is that there are long queues for this service at this time of the year.

Private traders begin to apply for water supply works on the land in the winter. The influx of customers forces specialists to strive for a faster and lower-quality performance of the task.

Owners of summer cottages should think about the fact that plants may be damaged when arranging a working area.

You can drill a mine under water in the fall. Well production in September and October, in the absence of lingering showers, practically does not differ from the drilling conditions in the summer.

Water wells can be made at the end of autumn under certain weather conditions. But their depth in this case will be no more than 25 meters. When the weather worsens, the mines are deepened at the level of freezing of the soil, preparing for winter drilling.

In winter, you can complete the arrangement of the well.

Features of work performance in winter

The latest developments in the field of drilling make it possible to carry out work related to the creation of water shafts in the winter season.

The advantages of drilling carried out during this period make the service very popular among the population:

  1. With the help of modern technologies, specialists pierce mines at temperatures down to -20 ° C.
  2. In winter, the minimum level of groundwater, which makes it possible to establish the location of the aquifer as accurately as possible without a special test.
  3. The equipment is easy to move on frozen soil.
  4. Thanks to the solidified soil, the shaft keeps its shape perfectly.
  5. Melted and rainwater, which negatively affects the process, are absent in winter.
  6. Construction companies are cutting tariffs for their services due to the small number of orders.
  7. It is much easier to make an order in winter than in summer or autumn, due to the lack of a queue.
  8. It is possible not to dispose of the clay solution resulting from the punching of the mine, relying on the influence of the spring waters.

With all the listed advantages of winter drilling, the owner will have a ready-made well for water by the spring, which will allow water supply to be carried out on the site in a very short time. The disadvantage of the process is:

  • limited mine depth, no more than 25 meters
  • difficulties in opening the frozen soil layer.

It is recommended to make wells in the winter season in areas with an elevated level of groundwater, so the well can dry out both in summer and at the end of winter.

Cons of the spring period

Experts do not recommend starting the arrangement of the mine under water in the spring. Drilling at this time of year has several significant drawbacks.

  1. The water table rises significantly when snow and ice melt, making it difficult to locate the location of the aquifer.
  2. Due to muddy roads, difficulties arise with the supply of drilling equipment to the site.
  3. Wet soil floats when a well is broken through, so its boundaries will need to be strengthened, which will entail additional financial costs.

It is better to drill a well in winter, and in spring to begin work on the arrangement of the pipeline and its supply from the mine to the house. The air temperature and daylight hours will gradually increase, and the water supply system will not suffer from possible miscalculations during the installation of thermal insulation.

Expert advice

For the information of the owners of land plots who decided to order the service: a mine, up to 25 meters deep, is drilled within one daylight hours, and a deep well under water is carried out in 2-5 daylight hours. Therefore, the rig, which drills one mine for two weeks, can be safely dispatched from the site.

Regardless of what time of the year the well will be drilled, it is advisable for the owner to be present at the site. This will allow you to control the quality of the work performed and the consumption of materials necessary for arranging the well and the water supply system.

We advise you to read: Small-sized drilling rig


Watch the video: Advanced Pivot Table Techniques to achieve more in Excel


Previous Article

Rebutia fiebrigii

Next Article

Bells in garden design