Barberry Thunberg and all the variety of varieties of bright and spectacular shrub


Thunberg barberry is a spectacular and popular shrub. But this is just one species among the vast variety. How to choose the most suitable seedling for the implementation of landscape ideas? A detailed classification will help you decide without any problems!

Berberis vulgaris

Barberry Thunberg

Under natural conditions, common barberry grows in the Crimea, the Caucasus and in the forest-steppe zone of Russia. Ravines and forest edges are overgrown with this shrub. Tall, spreading bush, up to 2.5 meters in height. Extremely prickly. Long, up to 2 centimeters, thorns grow in three pieces from one sinus. The foliage is small, dark green with a grayish green back. In autumn, the bush turns yellow, clusters of bright berries remain on the branches until mid-winter, and often until spring. The berries of this particular barberry are traditionally used in Caucasian cuisine.

This is the most unpretentious view. It grows on any soil, calmly tolerates the smoke of the city air and soil poverty. It survives drought and winter frosts with ease. And after a haircut or damage it recovers very quickly. The lack of sun does not affect the general condition of the plant, unless it bears fruit worse. The only serious drawback is susceptibility to fungal diseases.

Video about the features of barberry Thunberg

  • Of the Berberis vulgaris varieties, the most popular is the red-leaved Atropurpurea. A two-meter bush with dark purple foliage. In the spring, it is decorated with clusters of orange flowers. Variegated and dwarf varieties are much less common.

Berberis amurensis

In the wild, the Amur barberry grows in Primorye, China and Japan. This plant is overgrown with rocky river banks and ravines. Barberry of this species can grow up to 3.5 meters, making it an ideal shrub for impassable hedges. Like an ordinary one, it has a spreading crown and three-part large spines. In spring, young yellow-gray shoots become the first decoration of the garden. The foliage of this species is very large, 5-8 centimeters. All varieties of this barberry have large clusters of flowers and very large berries. By the way, its berries are absolutely edible. It is winter-hardy, drought-resistant and unpretentious to soils. It recovers quickly after cutting or freezing. But, unlike ordinary ones, it is less susceptible to fungal diseases.

Barberry Amur

  • Japanese (Japonica) is a garden form. Differs in medium-sized bright green foliage. Yellow inflorescences of 6-12 flowers adorn the plant in the second half of May.
  • Orpheus is a variety of Russian selection. Unlike its wild ancestor, it is a short, about 1 meter, compact bush with light green foliage. The main feature is the complete absence of flowering.

Berberis thunbergii

Barberry Thunberg came to us from China and Japan. There it grows on rocky mountain slopes. The species is undemanding to the soil, but does not tolerate wetlands and nearby groundwater. Drought tolerant. Not distinguished by high frost resistance, it quickly recovers after winter damage. Good resistance to fungal diseases is a great advantage.

It does not have very high varieties, it is a slow-growing shrub. Young shoots are yellow at first, then the twigs become brown and purple in color. The spines of this species are single, thin, up to 1 centimeter in length. The foliage is small, and its color depends on the variety. This type of barberry is distinguished by long flowering, from late May to mid June. But the berries, for all their attractiveness, are inedible.

Barberry Thunberg

  • Barberry of the Admiration variety (Berberis Admiration) is a low shrub, under the most favorable conditions it reaches 0.5 meters. It grows very slowly, which is an indisputable advantage when creating woody compositions. The main feature of the variety is its foliage. Small leaves have a deep red color with a lemon-yellow border. The flowers, although not numerous, are also unusual - yellow with a red tint. The variety requires regular haircuts to give the crown density. In partial shade, it loses its brightness. Complete mineral fertilizers are used as top dressing.
  • Barberry varieties Koronita (Berberis Coronita) - another dwarf variety. One of the distinguishing features is that it grows in width rather than in height. The height of the bush is about 50 centimeters, but in diameter it can grow up to 1.5 meters. The variety is beautiful from early spring. Immediately after the snow melts, the large thorns turn creamy pink. Then the bush is covered with yellow flowers. But its main pride is undoubtedly the color of the foliage. The central part of an adult bush is covered with dark purple leaves with a wide, pale green border. On young growth, the foliage is light pink or coral, with a green edging. In autumn, the bush is decorated with bright red berries. Agrotechnical feature is the need for very high moisture and soil fertility.
  • Barberry of the Golden Ring variety (Berberis Golden Ring) is a bright variety with an unusual color. Lithuania is dark purple with a pale green border. In autumn, the leaves change color and turn red. Yellow flowers are collected in small inflorescences. The variety belongs to medium-sized, an adult bush reaches a height of 1.5 meters. The only drawback is poor frost resistance. So shelter is needed for the winter. Like most brightly colored shrubs, it looks great both in compositions and as a tapeworm.

Golden Ring barberry

Berberis x ottawiensis

The Ottawa barberry was obtained by crossing the Thunberg and the red-leaved common form. The result is a shrub with dark purple foliage. The new species took all the best from its parents: undemanding soil, drought and frost resistance. In addition, he is almost not affected by diseases. It tolerates pruning very well and gives very good annual growth.

  1. Barberry Superba (Superba) - high, up to 3 meters, brightly colored variety. At the end of May, the bush is decorated with very large, five-centimeter bunches of yellow flowers. All summer, the plant surprises with its bright red foliage. From late summer to mid-winter, scarlet berries remain on the branches.
  2. Puppurea (Purpurea) - as the name implies, the variety is distinguished by a bright color, and not only foliage. In addition to scarlet leaves, the bush has red shoots.
  3. The Silver Miles variety is a tall, up to 3 meters, ornamental barberry. The leaves are dark green with a silvery pattern.

Berberis buxifolia

The natural habitat of boxwood barberry is South America. It is an evergreen shrub up to 3 meters high. Differs in an unusual, round shape of berries. Like all types of barberry, it is undemanding to soil and watering. In our climate, the shrub practically does not hibernate.

Video about variegated forms of barberry Thunberg

  • Boxwood barberry Nana (Berberis buxifolia Nana) is one of the few varieties that can grow in our latitudes. It is a deciduous, slow-growing shrub. No more than 0.5 meters high. The factor holding back growth is freezing of young shoots. This adorable dwarf has small leathery foliage: dark green in summer and yellow in autumn. The Nana variety produces beautiful green borders.

Barberry is that shrub with which you can create whole compositions. The variety of species and varieties gives a wide palette of colors and an impressive variety of heights. And a similar agricultural technique makes the process of creating woody and shrub compositions feasible even for novice landscape designers.


Barberry: varieties and species with descriptions, characteristics and photos

It is a thermophilic deciduous plant. Young plants often freeze and recover for a long time after that. The bushes have a spreading crown. The plant does not grow more than two meters in height. Shoots are covered with large thorns (up to 3 cm). The branches are colored dark red. Barberry varieties of this species bloom with bright yellow flowers from late June to mid-July.

Suitable for small to medium sized gardens, but also nice to organize in large spaces. Maple, Black Fessen. Very common in new developments and gardens. A small tree with a red crown all season long. Very versatile, easy to grow, no special requirements.

Hazel south `Maxim`. Very decorative, variegated hazelnuts with burgundy leaves. The fruits are edible, as is the case with the "normal" hazel. Shrub shrub suitable for large gardens. Peruvian Podolsk "Royal violet". A plant that you don't need to enter. He sat down very willingly, often in a public place. An ornamental shrub with burgundy leaves as well as the well-known plump, light fruit.

Fruiting occurs in the second decade of September. Shiny bright red fruits are not large - no more than one centimeter in diameter. This species does not tolerate excess moisture at all - with stagnant water, the root system rotts out and rots. Susceptible to rust damage.

With such a name, it cannot be otherwise - the leaves are very dark, especially in strong sunlight. One of the simpler suggestions. Sedum white "Royal carpet". Looking for something exciting for a rocket - King's Carpet. You will have the effect of a luscious burgundy carpet. One of my favorite pimples.

Cherry plum `Pissardi`. Easy to grow, resilient and well suited for small gardens, provided that you buy vaccinated, of course. Cherry Blossom, Royal Burgundy. Very decorative, small tree. Used in urban greenery and home gardens

It is imperative that you acquire a grafted shape, otherwise you will be growing a thick bush instead of a neat tree. This principle applies to many "trees" currently in nurseries.


Growing conditions

Red-leaved barberry has good winter hardiness, and it can be grown in almost any area... It is also necessary to note the endurance of this plant in front of sunlight, it is not afraid of not only frost, but also heat.

The only condition that must be met during planting is sensitivity to soil moisture, it should not be dry, but the presence of nearby groundwater can cause rotting of the root system.


Landing conditions

Often, the Thunberg Admiration barberry is sold in the form of grown seedlings in individual containers with a root ball of earth. When buying a plant from your hands, there may be specimens dug from open ground with a bare root system.
Shrubs are planted on the site in the spring - when the land has already dried out or in the fall, before the start of rains and frosts. It is necessary to plant the plant correctly as follows:

  1. Dig a hole up to 50cm deep and about 40cm wide so that the root system fits completely.
  2. Put fertilizer at the bottom - humus.
  3. Place the seedling in the center and fix it in an upright position without the slightest tilt to the sides.
  4. Cover the root system with earth and tamp it a little for stability (it is not recommended to fill the recess with soil completely, so that a hole for irrigation is formed).
  5. Pour 1 bucket of water over the bush.
  6. It is advisable to immediately mulch the hole near the trunk for better moisture retention.

After planting, it is required to periodically loosen the soil for better plant growth.

Seedling and planting plot preparation

Seedlings of the Admiration variety with a closed root system are planted at any time, from spring to autumn. Plants grown in containers have a healthy, well-developed root system and therefore take root better.

It is advisable to plant seedlings of barbars Admiration with open roots immediately after purchase. The purchase of such plants should occur before the start of sap flow (before bud break) or after it ends (after leaf fall).

Advice! If it is necessary to postpone the planting procedure, then the seedlings can be dug in for a while in the shade or the roots can be wrapped with a damp cloth. You can also place the roots in a plastic bag.

Barberry Admiration prefers well-drained, light soils with neutral acidity. Tolerates some soil salinity. The Admiration variety develops better if the soil in which it is planted consists of sand, humus and turf in a ratio of 1: 1: 2.

It grows slowly in acidic soil and does not set fruit. Therefore, the acidic soil must be prepared for planting seedlings by liming. This can be done with slaked lime at the rate of 350 g per plant or wood ash at 250 g per bush.

Optimal timing

Rooting in the ground is recommended in the spring. It is worth choosing months when the buds have not yet swollen, or planting barberry in the fall. As for the timing of planting seedlings with a closed root system, there are no strict restrictions for the Thunberg barberry in this regard, with the exception of the summer months.

Instructions

Algorithm for planting barberry as follows.

  • The first task of the gardener will be to prepare a pit that is suitable in diameter. The optimal hole depth will be 50-60 centimeters.
  • The distance between crops for group planting should be at least 1.5-2 meters. However, when planting a plant to create a hedge, crops should be planted with two shrubs per meter of the garden. For dwarf varieties, the step between seedlings should be 40-50 centimeters.
  • After preparing the hole and choosing the correct distance between the plants, it is necessary to lay a layer of river sand on the bottom. A suitable layer thickness is 10 centimeters. Further, a seedling is located on the sand in the center of the pit. When planting, it is necessary to ensure that all roots are straightened, without creases.
  • On top of the barberry you need to sprinkle with a layer of earth, tamp the soil. Then water the plant.
  • As soon as the liquid is absorbed, it is recommended to mulch the soil. For these purposes, peat or humus is used.


Reproduction of barberry Thunberg

There are several methods for breeding barberry: seeds, cuttings selected from berries, harvested during pruning by rooting long shoots of the bush or dividing the donor bush.

Choose only ripe shrub fruits, remove the seeds from them and dry them. Seeds need to be processed: rinse with running water, then soak in a weak solution of manganese. You need to sow seeds 3 cm deep into cleaned and loose soil. The seeds will overwinter and sprout in the spring.

If you did not have time with planting in the fall, mix the seeds with sand and keep it indoors at + 3 ° C. In April, at the end of the month, seeds can be sown in the garden. As they grow, the seedlings are thinned out, the most viable ones remain. You can land on a permanent place next year. In order for the barberry to begin bearing fruit in two years, it will later need to be grafted.

In the first days of summer, cuttings up to 15 cm long are cut from the lateral shoots. They need to be rooted in the greenhouse. The lower leaves are removed, and the tip of the branch is dipped into a rhizome development stimulator. The cuttings are covered with foil and watered from time to time. For quick and good rooting, the soil must be loosened often, the greenhouse must be ventilated. After the leaves appear, the greenhouse is opened, thus hardening the rooted cuttings.

The easiest way to reproduce is by layering. Find branches on the bush no older than a year. Under the crown, above the roots, dig holes about 20 cm deep, after the soil dries up, lower the selected branches into the holes and sprinkle with earth. Try to press them down, leaving the tips on the surface. Watering such seedlings needs frequent.By the autumn season, you will already have ready-made planting material.

By dividing the bush

For reproduction by division, dig out a bush, divide it into several bushes. Everyone should have strong shoots. On the same day, the delenki must be planted on prepared soil. Water often, but not liberally.


Columnar varieties

Barberries growing in the form of a column are used in group and single plantings. They also look beautiful as a hedge. Such shrubs are harmonious, they themselves create a neat shape, practically do not need a decorative haircut. Barberries are used to decorate garden paths, alleys in city parks. Consider several representatives of the columnar type with names and photos.

Golden Pillar

A fairly large shrub, reaching 1.9 m in height and 0.9 m in diameter. The color of the foliage varies with the season. In spring, yellow shades prevail. In the summer, the leaves turn green. In the fall, they are repainted in bright red. Barberry is highly frost-resistant. To preserve decorativeness, it must grow in open sunny areas. Even in partial shade, the color changes.

Erecta

Columnar variety, the branches of which grow strictly vertically. It develops very slowly. Adult specimens reach 1.5 m in height and 1 m in width. The foliage is green, rich, rounded, small. Young growth is light green, with thorns. The flowers are bicolor - red outside, yellow inside. The berries are red, ripen in autumn, stay on the bushes for a long time. The variety is frost-resistant, prefers light areas or partial shade.

Orange Rocket


Slow growing, columnar shrub, reaching 1.5 m in height and only 0.4 m in width. In spring and summer, the foliage is yellow-orange, with a pinkish tone. In autumn, it turns purple-orange. To form a dense crown, it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning annually, slightly shorten the shoots. Barberry blooms with yellow inflorescences in May. Loves the sun, tolerates heat, drought, but does not tolerate stagnant water.

Golden Torch

Barberry forms a dense crown in the form of a column. Differs in slow growth. Adult specimens reach 1.5 m in height and 0.4 m in width. Small foliage changes color depending on the season. In spring it is orange, in summer it is bright yellow, in autumn it is reddish. In May, the shrub blooms with small yellow-red flowers. Fruits ripen in autumn, stay on the branches for a long time.


Fast growing varieties

In a short time, it is possible to grow a hedge Thunberg varieties... The main features of the fast-growing species:

  • shrubs reach 3 m in height
  • prickly shoots
  • foliage is oblong, about 3 cm long, green in summer, reddish in autumn
  • inflorescences are yellow, oblong, retain freshness for up to 2 weeks
  • elliptical berries up to 1 cm long
  • the harvest period is mid-autumn.

Thunberg barberries are not only decorative, but also yield consistently high yields every year. The berries do not fall, they stay on the bushes for a long time.

Atropurpurea

A red-leaved barberry that grows up to 2.5 m in height and about 3.5 m in diameter. A long-lasting variety that can grow in one place for up to 60 years. Annual growth is 25 cm in height and 35 cm in spread. Growth stops after 10 years. The crown of the barberry is dense, rounded.

Atropurpurea blooms in the second half of May. The inflorescences are small, attractive to bees. The flowers are yellow inside and red outside. Keeps fresh for 2 weeks. The foliage is red-brown in spring and summer. In autumn, it brightens, acquires a bright red hue. The shrub prefers moist, sunny areas or light partial shade.

Red Chef

An ornamental shrub that attracts attention with the red-brown color of foliage and shoots. Forms a funnel-shaped crown due to vertically directed and drooping branches. Adult specimens reach 2.5 m in height and about 1.5 m in girth. Shoots are completely covered with sharp thorns.

Barberry blooms in May with yellow inflorescences in the form of small brushes. Fruits are pinkish or bright red, ripen in mid-autumn. The variety is not afraid of low temperatures, polluted air. It can develop in the sun and partial shade.

Emerald

The bush grows vertically, gradually forming a wide-pyramidal crown. Shoots are covered with small sharp thorns. The foliage is small, changes color depending on the season. In spring and summer it is green, and in autumn it is yellow. The flowering period is May.

The fruits are oval, deep red. They ripen in October or November. They do not crumble for a long time, they can remain on the bush all winter, giving it a decorative effect. Smaragd looks good as a tapeworm. Loves light, needs annual pruning.


Options for using barberry

Landscape ideas, embodied in their own plot, consist in the active use of compositions from tall and miniature barberries. Florists distinguish several popular forms:

  • front garden decor. Several shrubs of Thunberg Atropurpurea are planted as tapered accents or long stripes
  • element of a rock garden or rock garden. Plants growing in open areas look beautiful in a frame of stones, on the slope of a rock garden or an extensive rockery
  • spectacular bowlborder. Shrubs located along the route grid or the walls of the building mask unsightly places, enliven the asceticism of a blank fence. Culture is placed in the middle or near plan
  • beautiful Japanese garden. Thick pillows from the dwarf variety Nana emphasize the elegance and charm of oriental forms. It is important to prune in time so that short shoots create a tillering effect and give the crown density
  • forest edge. The combination of tall deciduous crops and barberry, due to the density of the crown of the latter, has a natural look
  • decoration of a hedge or border. Dense and compact arrangement of branches is ensured by lateral cutting - this is how the flat edges of purple cultivators are formed
  • group compositions. Assemblies with barberry are based on the principles of contrast and are highly visible. It is important to choose the right neighboring breeds - beautiful conifers with pyramid-shaped crowns.

When choosing a compositional option, take into account the risks of damage to the bush with powdery mildew, rust and carry out preventive spraying with Bordeaux liquid. Control the distance between sequential landings - up to 2 m.
Due to its decorativeness, barberry of the Atropurpurea variety is a unique find for landscape design. It is planted not only in compositions, but also complements the coastline of reservoirs.


Watch the video: BARBERRY. Berberis thunbergii. A very thorny plant an really hard to remove! heres why!


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