It would seem that raspberries are a good old shrub, grown by our grandmothers, and all the secrets and subtleties of caring for this berry have long been known. But for some reason, for some gardeners, the branches bend under the load of berries, while for others, it’s just one, two, and it’s gone. And it's not just the varieties, bad soil and disgusting weather. Raspberries love attention, and in order for the berries to be sweet and large, the plant needs to be looked after. The first and most crucial step is the correct fit.
The timing of planting raspberries largely depends on the climatic zone and prevailing weather conditions. You can plant raspberries in spring and autumn, but in the southern regions the best period is autumn, and in the middle lane and more northern regions - spring. This is due to the fact that in the south, after a short spring, a hot summer rapidly sets in and the seedlings planted in March - April, without having time to root properly, will come under the influence of extremely high temperatures. The bush will take root in these conditions, but it will not be easy.
In areas with colder climates, spring planting is preferable. A raspberry sapling, planted in April, will have time to take root before the onset of heat, and with the arrival of summer heat, it will start to grow. Autumn planting in the middle lane is also possible, but with the onset of early frosts and the absence of snow, young plants may die.
The best time for spring planting of raspberries is the second half of April. Depending on the weather and climatic zone, the timing may shift in one direction or another, but it is advisable to hold this event before the kidneys open.
The lunar calendar for 2018 considers the best days for spring planting of raspberries on 7–8, 20–22 April and 4–6, 18–19 May.
Planting raspberries should start with site selection. A sunny, ventilated place would be ideal, but the seedlings planted along the fence will take root well and delight with the harvest. The shade from the fence, especially at noon, will protect the berry from the scorching rays. The main thing is that raspberries are not without the sun for a long time during the day.
Raspberry prefers soils neutral or slightly acidic. If the soil is acidic on the site, then before planting the seedlings it is necessary to deacidify - add chalk or dolomite flour for digging.
Raspberries should not be planted where potatoes, tomatoes or strawberries grew before them. These plants have common diseases with raspberries, so planting after these crops can be carried out only after three years.
The dimensions of the planting pits (trenches) largely depend on the soil - the poorer the soil, the greater the depth and width of the landing site. Usually, depressions are dug 50 cm wide and 40-50 cm deep.
It is advisable to prepare planting holes or trenches for spring planting in the fall. They do it like this:
It often happens that there is no way to immediately plant a purchased raspberry seedling and you need to save it for one or two days. In this case, wrap the roots with a damp cloth and place the plant in a plastic bag. It's good if you can place your purchase in a cool place, such as an unheated garage or shed. In no case should you leave the seedling in the sun or put it in a bucket of water for more than an hour - a young plant, most likely, will not withstand this. If the purchased raspberry bush needs to be stored for a long time, it is best to dig it in the shade.
Planting raspberries in pits:
A raspberry seedling is placed in the center of the pit and sprinkled with earth
The planted seedlings are cut, leaving 5-6 buds
That's all the subtleties. For good development and a rich harvest, raspberries need space, so the distance between the pits should be 80-100 cm, and between the rows 1.5 meters.
Many gardeners prefer trenching raspberries. It is carried out basically in the same way as planting in pits. The distance between the trenches should be at least 1 m, and the distance between the seedlings should be 40-50 cm.
Mulching the surface in the trench will retain moisture and improve the soil microclimate
Experts advise to plant raspberries on a ridge on clay soils, that is, after planting, the plants should be 10-15 cm above ground level. This method will protect the seedlings from stagnation of water in the ground, which often happens in clay areas after rain or spring melting of snow.
Planting raspberries in trenches depends on the type of soil: if the soil is wet, they are planted on the ridges, if dry, they use an in-depth method
I planted my raspberries five years ago in the spring in trenches along the fence. We got the same plot - the administration cut the virgin steppe. The soil is poor loam, so planting in trenches with a depression turned out to be quite suitable. I filled the trenches with a complex mineral fertilizer, added ash, but I had to do without organic matter - there was no manure or compost. During the summer, she mulched with cut weeds and watered with green fertilizer. In the second year, the first crop was harvested, not rich, but for us it was also good. Then things went better - soil fertility increased from mulch and regular watering, and it is much easier to moisten trenches than pits. My bushes grow in two rows, on trellises, which is very convenient. Raspberries have grown and, starting from the third year, they surprise and pleases with an excellent harvest, albeit not very large, but sweet and fragrant berries.
Raspberries to form in the form of a raspberry tree are most often planted in pits 50 cm wide and 50 cm deep. Since a stem is formed from the shoot, the distance between the bushes should be greater than for ordinary raspberries - 1 m between plants in a row and 2 m between rows. The rest of the landing is no different from the usual.
Standard raspberries are usually planted in pits
Spring is the best time for propagation of raspberries by cuttings. Cuttings can be rooted - root segments with sprouts and green ones - cut from the shoot... Both those and others root well, while all the varietal qualities of the mother bush are transferred to the young plant.
Root cuttings are harvested in the spring, when raspberries are transplanted to a new place. Sections of roots with lateral branches are separated from the main root and planted in a prepared place. A seedling bed with fertile soil, arranged in a shady place, is best suited for these purposes. If a raspberry transplant is not planned, you can carefully dig out a root extending horizontally from the bush, cut it off and divide it into cuttings.
After about a month, young plants will appear on the root cuttings.
Step-by-step process for working with root cuttings:
Prepared root cuttings are placed in the groove
High humidity and warmth remain under the film cover, and these are the necessary conditions for rooting.
The greenhouse must maintain an air temperature of 22-25 aboutC and high humidity. To prevent the cuttings from blowing out, the greenhouse must be ventilated every day. In cloudy weather, it is enough to open the greenhouse once a day for 10-15 minutes. On hot sunny days, it is better to leave air access by lifting the film on one side, otherwise the seedlings may burn out.
As soon as young shoots appear, the film must be replaced with agrofibre. It is undesirable to open the garden at all - until the seedlings grow up, they need greenhouse conditions - high humidity and no wind. Fortified and grown plants are transferred to a permanent place with a lump of earth, choosing a quiet, cloudy day for transplanting.
Green cuttings are cut from young, strong raspberry shoots, which usually appear in late May - early June. You can root cuttings in a container at home, but it is better to arrange a small greenhouse in a shady corner of the garden. It is important to maintain high humidity during rooting and keep the air temperature at 22-25 aboutFROM.
Step-by-step process of propagation with green cuttings:
When preparing the raspberry cuttings for rooting, remove all the lower leaves
Green cuttings are rooted in a mixture of sand and soil or in clean, wet sand
It usually takes about a month for rooting, and all this time the greenhouse must be aired daily for 10-15 minutes. When the sprout starts to grow, the seedling can be planted in a permanent place in the garden. It is advisable to cover the young plant with a cap made of agrofibre - this will protect the seedling from the sun and wind, and survival in a new place will be painless.
Root offspring grow from adventitious buds located underground. Such a seedling has a root system and a stem formed, so it can be separated from the mother plant and immediately transplanted to a new place.
The offspring grow from the adventitious buds located on the raspberry rhizome
It is better to take small offspring up to 20 cm high. Planting scheme 10x30 cm. The top of the seedling must be removed and a third of all leaves must be cut off.
Works are carried out in cloudy or rainy weather, and the seedlings are shaded in the first two weeks.
Spring planting of raspberries in the regions is carried out according to the schemes already described. The difference may be due to the timing - in Ukraine, Belarus and other relatively warm regions, spring planting begins in early April, and in the Leningrad region, the Urals, Siberia, raspberries are planted a little later - from the second half of April to the end of May.
I would like to pay attention to the choice of the variety. It is advisable to buy planting material in local nurseries - then there will be no unpleasant surprises. A seedling grown in Ukraine or in the Kuban will have a hard time in the Altai Territory, because there are colder winters and less sun. And local producers will offer zoned varieties that take root and bear fruit well in this area. Each serious nursery has its own site with a catalog of plants. Before buying seedlings, do not be lazy, read the description of the proposed varieties - this will help you make the right choice.
Experts in local nurseries will help you determine the varieties and give recommendations for caring for raspberries
Planting raspberries in spring is a pleasant chore for a gardener. If you approach this matter seriously and thoroughly - choose the varieties that are suitable for the area, the planting method corresponding to the type of soil, and a worthy place in the garden, then success will not be long in coming, because further plant care is not difficult at all.
Hobbies play an important role in my life - floriculture, gardening, traditional medicine, pets. I love nature and all living things very much, so I read many articles on various phenomena and laws of life, everything that brings harmony.
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Raspberry is one of the most popular fruit bushes. It grows in all summer cottages. But not every gardener produces large, sweet berries. This plant is unpretentious, spreads over the site and bears fruit even without care. But the berries in this case are small, there are few of them. To achieve a good harvest, you need to properly plant the raspberries. If you take into account the advice of experienced gardeners and follow certain rules, you can collect a bucket of large berries from each bush.
From the video you will learn how to plant raspberries in the spring.
In order to properly plant seedlings in a bush method, you need to know which step-by-step instructions are applied in this case. It should be remembered that when using the cluster method, it is not necessary to carry out preliminary preparation of the land, which includes the introduction of fertilizer into the soil and further digging.
Planting planting material in pits is carried out according to the following scheme:
Correctly carried out planting of raspberry bushes in pits is considered if, after soil shrinkage and watering, the root collar is placed at ground level.
At this, the planting of raspberries in a bush method is considered complete. In the future, the bushes need proper and timely care so that they have an excellent harvest in terms of its qualitative and quantitative characteristics.
If the bush planting method is considered more common, then many have not encountered the trench method.Therefore, not every gardener, including a beginner, knows how to plant raspberries in the spring using a trench method.
Compared to the cluster method, the trenching method is considered more time-consuming and laborious. But it should be noted that when using it, the raspberry plant will initially be uniformly fertilized. This will allow you to achieve better fruiting from the bushes in the future.
When using this approach, preliminary preparation of the site is necessary for planting raspberry bushes on it. Preparation should begin approximately 22-26 days before planting planting material. If the preparation was carried out correctly, then it will provide the gardener with easier follow-up care of the raspberries, as well as the early rooting of the planted seedlings.
To start preparing, the weather should be dry and warm. The process itself begins in the spring and includes the following stages:
When the trenches are ready, they wait for the raspberry bushes. Planting young plants in trenches is carried out according to the standard scheme. But remember that a planted raspberry tree needs proper care for excellent fruiting.
Before planting raspberries, you must first determine the planting method that will be used in this case. The raspberry planting scheme can be in two versions: trench and pit.
The first method is the preparation of trenches for seedlings, which reach a depth of 0.4-0.45 m, and a width of 0.5-0.6 m.Plants are placed in a trench at a distance of about 0.4 m. The observed interval there must be at least 1.5 m between the furrows. Approval must be entered into the furrow from the very beginning of the preparation of the furrow. If the topsoil is fertile, you can fill the trench with it instead of fertilizing, add a little ash during planting. However, it must be used with great care so as not to exceed the permissible level of alkali in the soil. Also, it is not recommended to use nitrogen fertilizers for planting, as they can harm the health and development of plants. Immediately during planting, the roots must be dipped in a solution based on clay and mullein. After that, they need to be lowered into the furrow, covered with earth, shaking the shoots from time to time so that the roots are evenly covered with soil. Further, the plants must be well watered, and the surrounding soil must be compacted, and then mulched.
The pit (bush) method is considered the most effective for planting raspberries in the autumn. The pits are prepared in advance. Usually they are made no more than 0.6 m wide and up to 0.4 m deep. The distance between the rows should also be at least 1.5 meters, and the distance between the bushes should be at least 0.7-1 meters. Fertilizers or topsoil are placed at the bottom of the pits.
You can start planting raspberries in the spring from mid-April to May. It is advisable to be in time before bud break. It also depends on the weather. If hot, dry weather begins in May, then postpone planting until autumn. Otherwise, all summer you will have to pour water on the raspberry bush. Without constant watering, it can dry out.
Raspberry is a perennial plant and can grow in one place for a long time, so you need to think about how to plant it in a place convenient for yourself and the raspberry. She loves sunny places, but needs frequent watering. It grows well in partial shade near fences. It is better then that the sun shines more in the afternoon, and not in the morning. If you have to choose between the east and west side.
Plan the rows of raspberries so that you can walk freely between them for processing, garter shoots. They could safely harvest without scratching or breaking branches with berries. Or plant raspberries in a row along a fence or outbuildings. Such places are usually covered with snow better in winter. Reduces the risk of freezing fruit buds in winter.
The roots of raspberries are shallow, so you do not need to loosen the earth deeply. We bring humus and ash into the soil. For spring planting, it is better to prepare the ground in the fall. Raspberry prefers rich, fertile, loamy soils. Does not tolerate close standing groundwater. The crops are poor, and the bushes quickly die off. Clean the land immediately of weeds, especially wheatgrass.
Since raspberries love to creep around the site, you can immediately make restrictions when preparing the land. Dig iron or boards into the ground 20-30 cm, which will prevent the roots from growing further. This can be done along the edge of the raspberry patch.
When buying a raspberry seedling, choose one with well-developed roots. If you can't plant it right away, put it in water. For transportation, wrap the roots in a wet cloth, put on a bag and tie it so that the moisture does not evaporate longer.
Usually annual shoots are planted, while they are cut to 30-40 cm tall.
You can arrange raspberries in bushes (when raspberries grow in a bunch of 6-10 stems) at a distance of about 50 cm from each other and between rows of 1.5 m. It is better to plant them in a checkerboard pattern.
You can do a tape landing. In this case, the seedlings grow at a distance of 20-30 cm in one line, the distance between the ribbons is 1-1.5 m. All excess shoots are then cut out, leaving only the shoots on the "ribbon". For such a landing, a support or trellis is needed. You can dig in the posts along the edges of the raspberry line and pull the wire. The first row is 30 cm from the ground, and the second is about a meter from the ground. And tie the shoots to the wire so that they don't break with the wind.
The planting of seedlings itself is the same for any arrangement of future bushes. Make a hole in the ground so that the roots fit freely, water abundantly. Place the seedling vertically and cover the roots with earth. At the same time, shake the seedling and compact the earth little by little.
In this case, the root collar should be at ground level. The root collar of a raspberry seedling is where the stem meets the roots. If you deeply deepen it, then the raspberries will grow slowly and poorly, and if left above the ground, then the basal buds will dry out, from which new shoots of raspberries grow.
There are no special differences when planting in spring between seedlings of simple and remontant raspberries. You just need to take into account that remontant raspberries need to be cut to the ground in the fall. Plan your landing so that you feel comfortable doing it.
The new varieties of remontant raspberries have many side shoots and abundant yields. So that they do not break, it is even more necessary to become a support and a garter of branches with berries.
Now watch a video about the correct planting of raspberries on the site and choosing a seedling.
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