Compost tea has long been used by farmers in Western countries, but in our country this remedy is still considered new and not very well known. It is used to renew the condition of the soil, as well as to improve the quality characteristics of the crop and increase the yield.
You can make this tea yourself. This requires mature compost and regular water. The infusion can be prepared in two ways: by saturating it with air and not saturating it. Infusion with air saturation is considered more beneficial for the soil and flora. Valuable microorganisms reproduce well in it, which further revitalize and nourish the soil, and therefore improve the life of plants. Compost tea is almost one hundred percent protection of crops from harmful insects and many diseases.
Any soil is a habitat for various microorganisms, but only in compost tea they live in huge quantities and give a lot of benefits. This new generation organic preparation is able to create favorable conditions for the growth and development of the root system of all plants. Various types of worms in a short time cleanse the soil of harmful substances and form humus. Microorganisms multiply in large numbers and at a rapid pace, feed on each other and create an excellent environment for the full development and growth of vegetable and berry crops.
Spraying is carried out directly on the leaves of plants, which makes it possible for thousands of beneficial microorganisms to settle directly on the plants. This organic product becomes a real protection for vegetable crops from pathogenic microbes. Plant nutrition takes place directly through the leaves. The drug promotes active photosynthesis, less moisture evaporation and greater absorption of carbon dioxide. Spraying leaves an invisible film on the plants, consisting of valuable and effective microorganisms, and does not allow any pests.
You will need a glass jar with a volume of three liters, a compressor for the aquarium, and also not tap water (you can from a well or rainwater) in the amount of two liters, fruit syrup (you can jam, sugar or molasses) and about 70-80 grams of mature compost.
A capacity of 10 liters (an ordinary large bucket can be used), a high-power compressor, settled or melt water in the amount of 9 liters, 0.5 liters of compost, 100 grams of any sweet syrup or jam (fructose or sugar can be used).
Pour water with syrup into the prepared container, then add mature compost and install a compressor. Compost tea is prepared within 15-24 hours. It all depends on the temperature of the room in which the container with the solution is located. At a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius, the infusion will take longer (about a day), and at 30 - it is enough to withstand the drug for 17 hours.
If you follow all the recommendations for making compost tea, it should not have an unpleasant odor. On the contrary, it will smell like bread or damp soil and have a lot of foam. The shelf life of compost tea is minimal - about 3-4 hours. The greatest effect of this drug can be obtained in the first half hour.
Minor changes are allowed in the recipe. Compost can be replaced with topsoil under oak, aspen or maple trees. It contains no less beneficial fungi, worms, bacteria and other beneficial creatures than compost.
If you could not get the compressor or pump, then you can prepare the drug without air saturation. There will be several times less useful microorganisms in such a preparation, but such a remedy also has its useful properties.
You need to take a large ten-liter bucket and fill it thirty percent with mature compost, and then fill it up to the top with any water other than tap water. After thorough stirring, the solution is left for a week. It is very important that the solution is stirred several times during the day (every day). In a week, the drug will be ready. Before using it, all that remains is to strain it through a sieve, cloth or nylon stocking.
You can also use another method of making compost tea with a little air saturation. You don't need a compressor or pump for this. You will need to take a large bucket and install a smaller container in it with holes on the bottom. The solution must be poured into a smaller container and left until the liquid completely seeps into another container. After that, the compost tea is thoroughly mixed and again poured into a smaller container. This procedure can be repeated several times and the liquid will be saturated with air.
Such an organic preparation allows you to increase the germination of seeds and accelerate the appearance of the first shoots if they are placed in a bubbling liquid in a small tissue bag. And they will also be completely disinfected.
This natural remedy is used for watering the soil before planting seeds, as well as for watering seedlings that have been picked. The drug promotes better survival of young plants in new conditions.
Unfiltered compost tea can be used to irrigate mulch or soil in spring beds. This universal liquid is able to "warm up" the soil and add at least another two degrees of heat to it. This will allow you to plant some vegetables 10-15 days ahead of schedule.
Spraying with filtered compost tea diluted with water stimulates growth and accelerates fruiting of fruit and vegetable crops. Such a shower - fertilization is best done using a small plastic bottle and a spray bottle, and a little sunflower oil should be added to the solution (about 0.5 teaspoon per 10 liters of the drug).
Before watering, the finished product is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 5, and for spraying - 1 to 10. These procedures can be repeated at least 3 times during the entire warm season, and a maximum of 2 times a month.
Compost-based tea is an absolutely independent preparation and cannot replace such useful measures as the use of green manure or mulch, the construction of warm beds. The soil cannot be saturated and do with just one organic preparation. The more organic matter, the better the soil structure and the condition of the crops grown.
Cooking and applying ACC in the garden
Any gardener who thinks about his personal plot and wants to increase yields on it has repeatedly wondered how to improve the quantitative and qualitative indicators of his "6 acres".
In the era of innovative development of science, this issue is solved without any problems - in specialized stores you can buy mineral additives and fertilizers for the soil in order to increase its fertility (read about nitrogen fertilizers in this article).
But you can make high-quality plant food yourself, and it will take you no more than two days. One of the means that increases the rate of plant development is aerated compost tea (ACC).
For the most lush and beautiful flowers, the most productive and early tomatoes, I learned how to prepare an infusion of beneficial soil microorganisms, learned the secrets of using the "Healing Elixir" of my own production called ACC. I will share my experience of its practical application with everyone.
We'll start with theory.
First, be patient - we will understand the basics of soil microbiology, which was not taught at school before. Let's start to delve into practical examples.
How em - drugs work.
Many have tried to use microbial preparations Baikal em 1 and "Shining". And I have experience using them - in the spring I prepare preparations, spray the soil (more precisely, mainly organic matter with which it is mulched.
For what? I understand that the natives of my soil are still asleep. They will be operational by the end of May. And microorganisms, multiplied and activated during the preparation of em - preparations, will work within 3-5 days - they will begin to decompose organic matter and give food to plants. There will be a new impulse for organic processing activity. The em in themselves will quickly become food for the predatory aborigines, and a wave of food webs will sweep through the site, producing food for the roots of my plants. And I will immediately see how the plants came to life and started to grow.
Delicious cucumbers ripen in June, if watered with ACC:
Many gardeners see this revival and impetus for growth, and therefore buy em - preparations.
But that impulse does not last long. In order for the plants to grow constantly well, they need to be given new portions of organic matter or often stimulate em with Baikal. These em - drugs are fundamentally different from ACC.
How herbal infusions work.
Another example. Many used herbal infusions. Recently, there have been recommendations to aerate them so that there is no putrefactive smell. I did that too. But with an understanding of biological processes in the soil.
Weeds contain food easily accessible to soil fungi and microbes - carbohydrates and proteins. We just make a carbohydrate - protein extract from weeds. The same will happen if you insist on a crust of bread or dilute old jam: we introduce sugars and microorganisms that begin to rapidly decompose organic matter inaccessible to soil aborigines and create an impulse to food chains - that is, they stimulate the accelerated decomposition of coarse organic matter to the compost available to the roots.
Roses bloom unusually magnificently if sprayed with ACC:
What's going on in the soil?
One more example. More important. If from year to year you constantly introduce loose organic matter rich in carbon, then the eaters of this organic matter change in the soil. The native flora is changing, more active bacteria appear - but not only: fungi, and amoeba, and nematodes, and algae develop, followed by earthworms and so on ... and these micro-life chains become very stable and friendly for cultivated plants.
On such soil, your plants do not just consume ready-made nutrients, but form a rhizosphere with new symbiotic microorganisms. Friendly bacteria surround the roots with a dense ring and prevent harmful microbes from reaching them.
That is, I brought you to the thought: the goal is not to introduce preparations with microorganisms into the soil; our task is to create conditions for the plants to form a friendly flora themselves.
Indoor flowers also love ACC feeding:
The solution to the problem is ACC.
So now I do not buy commercial preparations, but simply take some soil (organic matter) from the "Garbage Pile" - a heap of old compost, overgrown with weeds. Only old aged compost contains symbiotic fungi and bacteria, amoebae, nematodes, algae of the required quality and biodiversity.
I put this compost in water with malt and let the air through. All useful local - homegrown, native to my beds - flora multiplies millions of times. And immediately, until she died, I water my beds with it. Such a biota will definitely take root, displace all soil pathogenic fungi and bacteria and enrich the rhizosphere of cultivated plants.
So it turns out ACC. I aerate the compost - I get an infusion similar in color to tea.
How to make good compost.
In or near any garden there are corners where you put your trash and tops of your plants. Nettles, quinoa and other weeds grow here. In the event that such a garbage heap has existed for 5 years, then a natural, rich in diversity microbial community has already formed there.
Put there your bags of manure, or foliage, or mowed weeds, add a little leftovers from the table - bread, bones in a pinch, buy some cheap bran feed. This will attract all the worms from the surrounding soil, and your organic matter will be filled with the necessary living things.
Seedlings in the greenhouse grow very quickly if ACC is watered:
How to prepare ACC from the correct compost.
Now I will share even more important secrets - I will tell you how to transfer these billions of beneficial microorganisms from compost into a solution, multiply them many times and spill (or spray) your plants with them.
You need water without chlorine - for example, a 10 liter bucket. A liter can of compost. For 10 liters of water, you need to add 50-100 grams of molasses, or malt extract (it is sold in all stores. You can insist a few crusts of bread or add the rest of the jam, you can cook jam yourself from the waste of red beets. Carbohydrates are needed to quickly multiply microbes.
Our beneficial microorganisms in compost live in a well-aerated environment. Only if they are placed in a solution with malt, they will quickly die, rot and be eaten by putrefactive microbes. Therefore, as soon as you place the compost in the solution, you need to immediately turn on the compressor and let the air through. Any aquarium compressor is suitable for 2 liters of water, for 10 liters - the most powerful one on sale.
If you water the ACC plants, the cucumbers yield a harvest in a month:
So, after we put the compost in a bucket of water with malt and turned on aeration, microorganisms and various substances (organic and inorganic, soluble and insoluble) enter the water environment saturated with atmospheric oxygen. Under these conditions, they begin to actively multiply, especially those microorganisms that are aerobic (that is, they are able to live and reproduce in conditions of high oxygen content in the water. Anaerobic microorganisms in such conditions either die or go into a state of sleep.
Depending on the type of feed additive (malt, jam or infusion of weeds), certain groups of microorganisms begin to develop in the infusion. In the process of reproduction, they use supplements as food, while actively consuming oxygen. World experience has shown: if you take just one molasses, then only beneficial microorganisms multiply, all putrefactive ones die.
At this stage, it is especially important to control the oxygen content in the water. When the aeration is turned off, after 30 minutes, the oxygen level in the water drops so much that mass death of aerobic organisms begins and the multiplication of anaerobic organisms - extremely undesirable for our purposes. In most cases, such a solution is no longer amenable to correction. Do not use a spoiled solution!
Italian tomatoes ripen from ACC in early July:
On average, at an ambient temperature of 20 degrees Celsius, the cycle for preparing a microbial infusion lasts about a day (that is, 24 hours. At a temperature of 30 degrees, the cycle lasts about 15-18 hours.Only if the process takes too long, microorganisms consume all nutrients and stop multiplying, while many groups simply disappear, becoming food for other groups.
How to determine if the preparation of the infusion is proceeding correctly?
A drop in oxygen levels can be easily identified by smell. A good microbial infusion has a pleasant smell of fresh earth. The one in which anaerobic microorganisms began to multiply acquires an unpleasant (putrid) smell.
The infusion should be applied within no more than 4 hours after preparation. In this case, the shelf life depends on the ambient temperature: the higher it is, the less the finished product is stored. Considering the time required for delivery to the place of application, sometimes it is necessary to use the infusion directly "from the Wheels".
This is the difference between your microbial infusion and store em - preparations. On the scale of the garden, we can keep alive the microorganisms we need, in industrial plants we store ASC in expensive aerators. Each microbial infusion prepared with your own hands is in itself unique - it is something individual, creative, you can combine and create as you like.
ACC quality indicator - foam and bread smell:
How do I apply ACC.
Since autumn, I mulch the garden and beds with organic matter obtained from my animals. Only if there are warm days since the end of September, then I spray this mulch with infusion. But the main thing is to spray the entire soil with mulch in early spring, when at the end of April the soil begins to warm up. This will increase the temperature in the root layer of plants by 5-10 degrees, and spring in your garden will come 2 weeks earlier, and autumn 2 weeks later.
Naturally, the infusion must be filtered before pouring into the sprayer, but through a coarse sieve, so that nematodes and amoebas get into the solution. And therefore it is necessary to spray not with the smallest drops, but with larger ones.
I spray the garden - both the soil and foliage - 3-4 times per season. I try to guess under the rain: microbes must penetrate into the soil. Apple trees treated with ACC delight with excellent flowering, absence of diseases:
The garden can be sprayed more often - up to twice a month.
It must be remembered: along with the solution, you introduce not only effective microorganisms that will process organic matter and make it available for plant nutrition, but - more importantly - stimulate root growth and create a very active rhizosphere in the root zone. You help plants enter into symbiosis with microorganisms, symbiotic fungi, by increasing the secretion of carbohydrates by the roots.
Spraying foliage also benefits plants. A film of microbes - anaerobes protects leaves from diseases, and a huge amount of phytohormones - elicators, contained in ASC, sharply increases their resistance to pests.
Do not forget to dilute the infusion with water without bleach before use. For foliage, I dilute 10 times, with spring tillage - no more than 5-10 times.
ACC Under the microscope.
And one more thought, without which you will not be able to use ACC reasonably, with an understanding of why it is needed.
When I began to study the microworld in the ACC with my weak microscope, I saw that within 6-8 hours after aeration, billions of different types of microbes were moving in the ACC drop. By the end of the day, large, fast, mobile predators appear in tea - ciliates, amoebas, nematodes. In the soil, these hunters, unlike inactive bacteria, move a decent distance.
I realized that if I regularly spray organic matter with good ACh, in which not only thousands of species of compost bacteria, but also a lot of amoebas, ciliates, nematodes and other fast-moving microfauna, then after a while these predators will eat the available bacteria, become concentrates of protein and fat and they will get hungry like wild boars in the forest when they have eaten all the acorns and go to the field with oats.
Hunger will chase this fast-moving microfauna in search of food. And do you think there are no hunters on fat ciliates in my beds? The hunters will be the roots of my plants. But the roots will not chase nimble ciliates - they, like a sundew, which attracts a mosquito with its secretions, with its secrets, will attract bacteria into the rhizosphere with sweet secretions (this is how hunters pour oats into the feeders.
The concentration of bacteria in the rhizosphere will increase thousands of times compared to the surrounding soil. And all the predators: amoeba, ciliates, nematodes - concentrates of protein accumulated from a large area - will rush to the zone of absorbing roots.
Currant berries from ACC are larger than grapes.
Scientists have recently made a brilliant discovery. Predators (amoeba, ciliates, nematodes), after eating microbes, secrete a liquid similar in composition to animal urine. The roots begin to absorb these secretions, which contain nitrogen salts, amino acids, vitamins, and hundreds of other studied and unexplored substances.
Therefore, the plants planted on the soil spilled with ASC, enriched with "Soil Fast Moving Predators", cease to be poor collectors of inaccessible mineral salts, competing for scarce nitrogen with soil biota. The roots of my plants become clever hunters for fatty "Pigs" - Amoebas and Infusoria, which bring them directly "into their mouth" nitrogen accumulated on a large area in the form of a more valuable protein food.
What I have written here is known to scientists, soil microbiologists and ecologists. But it is not at all known to scientific agronomists. And there are many examples of how smart roots hunt for food.
And in the soil killed by the plow there are bacteria and fungi, there is always. But there are few of them both in number and in types. There are especially few mushrooms. Pathogens and parasitic fungi often predominate. On the contrary, in a compost heap or in vermicompost (and especially in an untouched overgrown garbage heap) there are thousands of times more such organisms, not only in quantity, but also in quality, in functional groups, they have formed into stable ecosystems.
There are no pathogens in mature compost: they are also organic, and they were eaten by active hungry aerobes and mesofauna. Therefore, by applying AFC from compost to your garden beds, you not only provide food for the plants, but quickly improve the biodiversity and stability of soil ecosystems.
The crop in a field treated with ACC does not fit into the machine.
What will we get as a result?
When I move away from preparations containing one microorganism, in favor of AFC from 10 species of living things, I assume that I will get the following benefits:
1.protection against disease.
The leaves of my plants always carry hundreds of species of pathogens that are blown in from infected gardens by the wind, waiting for any stress to trigger a disease outbreak. By adding hundreds of thousands of aerobic symbiotic plants to the leaves and soil, I know that there will always be aerobes that will displace pathogens from the food niche (and the microfauna will hunt and eat them) and weaken the infectious background and the risks of diseases. I will see an improvement in the growth of my plants.
2. revitalization of "Soil Digestion".
There are always unoccupied food niches in the soil. Organics - in some microzones, microorganisms - in others. I don't wait for the macrofauna to mix the soil and carry the right microbes to the right place. Spraying the soil with ANC always leads to an outbreak of soil digestion. I will see an improvement in the growth of my plants.
3. optimal diversity of microorganisms.
The plant forms the rhizosphere with its root secretions, but the soil does not always have an optimal variety of microorganisms. ACC immediately gives plants a huge choice - from which bacteria and fungi to form the rhizosphere. Then the microfauna is connected, and the predator-prey system dramatically improves plant nutrition. I will see an improvement in the growth of my plants.
4. release of the soil from toxic substances.
The saturation of the soil with a variety of soil biota, especially microfauna (microworms), quickly binds the pesticides, herbicides and toxic metals accumulated over the past years. I can fearlessly pick fruits from the garden for my grandchildren.
5. healthy leaves.
Aerobes that have taken root on the leaves not only protect plants from pathogens, but also supply them with the most valuable bioactive substances that are absorbed through the stomata. In such plants, the stomata are open longer, which improves the air regime, the assimilation of carbon dioxide and, as a result, photosynthesis. It has been proven that moisture loss is thereby reduced. Looking at healthy green leaves is an aesthetic pleasure. 5. Improvement of soil properties ACC, like no other preparation, quickly makes the soil lumpy, porous microgranules are covered with microbial mucus. All this significantly increases the water-holding properties of the soil and the ability to absorb atmospheric moisture. The roots are in good conditions all season. 6. a variety of soil organisms improve the structure of the soil not thick.
The benefits of compost tea include the following effects:
If you don't have gauze, burlap, or a coarse sieve, no problem. In this case, put the compost not immediately in the bucket, but in an old stocking or tights, and then send this "bundle" into the bucket.
Another method of making compost tea involves some aeration, but without using a pump. This requires two containers of different sizes. At the bottom of the smaller container, small drainage holes are made, it is permanently installed over the larger container and compost tea is poured. Now it will seep through small holes into a large container. Let it drip all day. Then you need to mix it and repeat the whole procedure from the beginning.
Compost tea for hemp fertilization
As you know, ordinary compost is rich in microorganisms and nutrients that are good for hemp. But it can be made even healthier by brewing it in water. As a result of this process, all cannabis-friendly ingredients are extracted into a liquid, which is commonly called compost tea. It is used to easily introduce nutrients, fungal colonies, and beneficial bacteria into the soil or foliage of a plant to stimulate growth and protect against disease.
Commercial manufacturers have hardly used it until recently. But when the urgency of the issue of environmental protection began to increase, it was increasingly introduced into production. Every home grower can use it to grow excellent organic cannabis. Compost tea is of great benefit to plants, protecting them from many harmful factors and providing them with a wealth of nutrients.
It should be understood that it will not be possible to replace all fertilizers with compost tea, because it does not contain many nutrients necessary for cannabis. It should only be used as a useful supplement by soaking the soil or sprinkling it on the leaves. In the latter case, he will be able to provide cannabis with an abundance of trace elements by absorption through the stomata of the foliage.
Benefits of using compost tea
The goal of compost tea is to introduce beneficial microorganisms into cannabis tissue to improve disease resistance and stimulate growth. When used as a foliar spray, the beneficial bacteria penetrate the tissues and expel the harmful bacteria, which improves the plant's ability to suppress disease. By watering the soil with compost tea, you add to its nutrient composition a whole population of healthy microorganisms that are aerobic in nature. They contain nutrients, aerate the soil, retain moisture, improve the plant's ability to absorb nutrients, promote healthy root growth and help fight disease.
The benefits of using compost tea is a fairly frequent topic of discussion in the hemp world. Many gardeners report clear positive results from using it. Some do not see it as a clear advantage over conventional compost. The fact is that today there is no scientifically based evidence that microorganisms growing and developing in compost tea bring increased benefits to cannabis.
In practice, many have long been convinced of the benefits of its use, because the use of pesticides in the hemp industry is unacceptable. Therefore, it is imperative to implement organic preventive measures against diseases before they appear. Almost all commercial and professional growers understand this, as they are conscious and nature-loving people. More and more companies are striving to improve the natural ecosystem they use in organic and sustainable ways.
Compost ingredients for making "tea"
For organic compost tea to fully benefit cannabis, you need to make sure it is made with the correct recipe and in strict accordance with the instructions. A properly prepared tea can draw out nutrients and microorganisms dissolved in compost, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa and nematodes. The latter have a very fast life cycle, and therefore are unable to increase their population during the preparation of tea. Bacteria, fungi and protozoa do this without problems, the main thing is that they are provided with food and favorable conditions.
Below we will look at the five main ingredients for compost, which can then be used to make a great cannabis tea.
Compost is the basis for tea. It must contain a large number of microorganisms and nutrients. As professional growers assure, it is best to purchase locally sourced compost, as it is best suited for the pathogens of the cultivation area. It is also recommended that it contains a developed population of the fungal colony. This will have a very positive effect on the development of fungal growth in the "tea".
Molasses is a food source for bacteria that grow and multiply during the tea brewing process.
Worm gear castings
Worm castings are a byproduct that forms after the worm digests organic material. They provide a high density and a favorable state of nutrients so that the plant can easily absorb them. The worm castings also infuse the compost tea with microorganisms.
Fish hydrolyzate is obtained by grinding fish and crustaceans into a dense nitrogenous product. Crustacean skeletons also contain chitin, which acts as an immune booster for plants. Fish hydrolyzate acts as a food for mushrooms, thereby increasing their population.
Kelp serves as a food source for mushrooms that grow during tea brewing. It is also assumed that fungal colonies will attach to its surface. Their development will take place in the same place.
5 steps to making hemp compost tea
Making your own compost tea at home is pretty easy. To do this, it is enough to take five steps. With a little effort and patience, cannabis can soon be fed with a nutritional formula that will keep it healthy and productive.
1. Installation for brewing compost tea
For a typical small average cannabis garden, you will need a regular 20 liter plastic bucket. On its outer side, it is necessary to fix the air pump by connecting it to the aerator device located below. They will both oxygenate the water so the microorganisms can breathe. You will also need a sieve bag with a particle size of 400 microns. It will contain all the ingredients for compost tea. If necessary, such a device can always be purchased at a specialized store.
2. Application schedule
It takes time to brew compost tea. The process usually takes 24-36 hours. If it takes longer to cook, then the population of microorganisms will develop to such an extent that they simply will not have enough oxygen or space to live. As a result, they will die and spoil the "tea". It is necessary to clearly plan how much time you can devote to this process.
The finished compost tea has a short shelf life of 36 hours. That is why it is very important that the time interval between preparation and use does not exceed this value.
It should be borne in mind that the best time to use "tea" as a spray for foliage is evening or morning. During this period of the day, temperatures are cooler and sunlight is less intense. Also at this time, the nutritional receptors of the leaves - the stomata, are open to receive nutrients.
3. Filling the sieve bag with compost
When creating your first batch of tea, you should choose the simplest recipe. You can find a suitable one on the Internet, there are a great many of them. All ingredients should be placed in a sieve bag and then filled with water. If it is taken from the plumbing system, then it must first settle so that all the chlorine evaporates. The tea should be brewed and stored away from direct sunlight. It is definitely worth checking the operation of the air pump so that nothing interferes with oxygen circulation.
4. Additives in the brewing process
There are many ingredients that can be added to brewed compost tea. Food for bacteria and fungi is usually added in the middle of the process to stimulate the growth of microorganisms. There are also ingredients that can be added to the soil before using the compost tea for added benefit. Usually SeaGreen or Actinovate supplements are used for this.
5. Using compost tea for hemp
Compost tea can be used as a regular watering additive to interact with the root system of the plant. It can also be sprayed onto cannabis leaves.
In the case of roots, the tea should be diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20. Don't be afraid to make a mistake, as it is unable to harm or burn cannabis roots, even if the dosage is too high. As a spray, compost tea is usually diluted with water in a 1: 2 ratio.
It is not recommended to use drip irrigation systems for using compost "tea", because it can easily clog them. It is best to use natural gravity or a diaphragm pump to avoid crushing and destroying active microorganisms while wetting the soil. In the meantime, there is no need to worry about it. ”
The main mistake gardeners make is the use of fresh compost. If you set up a compost heap this season, the flora of this composition will not be as rich in beneficial microorganisms. It is best to use compost that has been baked for at least two years.
Mullein can be added to the compost to improve soil nutrition. You will receive the most nutritious solution that will enrich not only the earth, but also serve as a conductor of nutrients for the crops grown.
It is important to use aerated compost tea within half an hour of preparation. Without aeration, all useful flora begins to die.