Donskiye Zori grapes: characteristics of the variety and recommendations for cultivation

Grapes are the only plant that is studied by a whole science - ampelography. Thanks to her achievements, gardeners have the opportunity to choose from a colossal number of resistant varieties and hybrids of grapes the one that suits the climatic conditions of the area and will be to their taste. One of the promising hybrid forms with such characteristics can be called the Donskiye Zori grapes.

History of the Donskoe Zori variety

Donskiye Zori (GF I-2-1-1) are table grapes of Russian selection, bred at the end of the 20th century at the Institute of Viticulture named after Ya.I. Potapenko (Novocherkassk). This hybrid form was created as a result of a complex crossing of three varieties of grapes:

  • Kostya's hybrid form (I-83/29);
  • Arcadia (Nastya);
  • Fairy (Lyudmila).

Donskiye Zori - the result of crossing several grape varieties

It should be noted that grapes I-2-1-1 are not included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements Permitted for Use, therefore, it can be called a variety only conditionally.

Donskoe Zori grapes are considered a promising hybrid form, which has become widespread in all regions of Russia, including Siberia and the Far East, due to its early ripening and unpretentiousness.

Varietal characteristics

Variety Donskie Zori has a liana-like medium or vigorous shrub, characterized by a special growth rate. The bunches have an attractive appearance, and the berries are distinguished by a harmonious taste with a little astringency. Specialists-tasters highly appreciated the taste of fresh fruits of this variety - 8.2 points.

The berries of the Donskiye Dawn are large, the minimum weight is 5 g, the maximum weight is 10 g.

Table: basic signs of a hybrid Donskoe Zori

This grape belongs to the very early ripening varieties - 105-110 days. The crop can be harvested at the end of August - early September (depending on the weather). A young bush begins to bear fruit 2-3 years after planting. The vine ripens well and quite early. In the absence of frost and heavy rainfall, ripened clusters can remain on the bush until early October.

When overshooting, the berries can become rainy.

Clusters on a grape bush Donskoe dawns are formed almost the same in shape and size and can reach a kilogram weight

The shape of the grapes I-2-1-1 attracts with the level of yield: the fertility of each bunch is 65-70%, the average number of bunches per fruit-bearing shoot is 1.2-1.4.

The flowers of this grape are functionally bisexual, so there is no need to plant pollinating varieties nearby. Pollination is going well and no improvement is required.

Grapes Donskiye Zori bloom in early to mid-June, however, the specific dates depend on the amount of active temperatures in the period

The bush has frost resistance up to -24 0C, but nevertheless, this variety requires shelter for the winter, since many growers note the freezing of fruit shoots without special insulation.

One of the characteristics of Donskoe Zori grapes is the average resistance to mildew disease, and the lack of immunity in relation to powdery mildew (signs of the disease: leaf twisting, the presence of gray spots on them, brown spots on the vine, the appearance of mold on the shoots). You can fight this disease with the help of colloidal sulfur, as well as Bayleton, Topaz, Skor.

If oidium is damaged, the harvest of the Don dawns may die

Another negative feature of the Don Dawn is the frequent rotting of berries inside the bunch. This happens most often after heavy rainfall or with a strong filling of the brush with fruits. In the first case, washing the bunch with Farmayod saves from gray rot according to the instructions. In the second case, timely rationing of the harvest helps.

The hybrid form Donskiye Zori has good compatibility with many grape varieties and can serve as both a stock and a graft when grafted. This property has a positive effect on the quantity and quality of the crop. Easily propagated by cuttings that take root quickly.

One of the positive qualities of the hybrid form I-2-1-1 is that cracking of berries during waterlogging is not often observed. Wasps and birds do not harm the harvest due to the dense and elastic skin of the fruit, which is practically not felt when eating.

The fruit transportability of the variety is average. The best transportation option is bunches laid out in boxes in one layer.

Table: advantages and disadvantages of grapes Donskoe Zori

Features of growing grape varieties Donskiye Zori

In order for the bush to have the opportunity to demonstrate its full potential, the gardener is required to comply with the main principles of planting and caring for the vine.

Bush planting rules

When choosing a site for the Donskiye Dawn, you need to consider the following points:

  • grapes love warmth and sun, and in the shade, the growth of the bush slows down, the number of ovaries decreases, the ripening period of fruits lengthens;
  • the bush does not tolerate drafts, requires protection from the wind;
  • does not tolerate stagnant water;
  • does not tolerate heat: at an air temperature of +38 0With the plant experiencing serious oppression, and at a temperature of +45 C and above, burns appear on the leaves, the berries dry out and paralysis of the bunches occurs.

Therefore, the ideal place for planting a bush is the southern, unshaded side of the site, protected from the wind with deep groundwater. Since Donskoe Zori grapes often have a vigorous bush, they should be placed in such a way that in the future they have free access for watering, processing and pruning.

The season and method of planting are determined by the local climate. In the south, both spring and autumn planting of seedlings are carried out, in the north and in the center it is practiced only in spring.

The Donskiye Zori variety is well suited for growing in regions with a short summer. The berries have time to ripen before the onset of cold weather.

The most common planting technique is to plant a seedling in a planting hole. The depth and width of the pit are chosen depending on the quality of the soil. Recommended sizes:

  • on black soil - 60x60x60 cm;
  • on loam - 80x80x80 cm;
  • on the sand - 100x100x100 cm.

The planting pit must be prepared in advance. As a rule, this is done since the fall: they dig a pit, organize drainage, apply organic fertilizers

The recommended distance between bushes is 150-200 cm. After planting, the bush is watered with warm water and attached to the support.

In the climatic conditions of northern viticulture, it is often practiced to plant early grape varieties in greenhouses or on high ridges. These planting methods improve soil heating and accelerate the growing season of the plant.

Video: vineyard in a greenhouse

Care advice

Bush care includes the following procedures:

  • Watering. The intensity depends on the climate and weather conditions. On average, it is carried out once a month, with the exception of the flowering period. The water should be warm. Drip irrigation is considered optimal.

    Drip irrigation creates ideal conditions for the grapes, maintaining a constant moisture level without sudden fluctuations

  • Loosening and weeding. These procedures are carried out after each irrigation.
  • Forming and pruning a bush. Often, winegrowers use fan molding for the Donskoye Zori variety. It simplifies plant maintenance and harvesting. Pruning is required frequently. The load on the bush should be 45-50 eyes.
    • Spring pruning is performed before the start of sap flow, removing frost-affected shoots.
    • In August, minting is carried out, cutting the vines to a normal leaf, so the plant will retain the nutrients necessary for wintering.
    • Autumn pruning is carried out after leaf fall and involves the removal of all young shoots above half a meter from the ground and shortening the lateral and lower shoots to 3-4 buds, 8-10 eyes are left on the upper ones.
  • Top dressing. It is recommended to carry out it monthly using mineral fertilizers.
  • Disease prevention. Preventing the appearance of fungal diseases allows the treatment of the bush with copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid twice or three times during the growing season.
  • Frost protection. Donskiye Zori is a covering variety, despite the declared frost resistance. After leaf fall, the vines are removed from the supports and wrapped in special materials (for example, fiberglass)... The root part is insulated with coniferous branches, less often with straw.

    Shelter of grapes saves shoots and roots from freezing

Variety reviews

Personally, I have not come across this grape variety. But summarizing the impressions of the growers about him, I want to note that their opinions differ depending on the area of ​​cultivation. So, the majority of northerners and residents of the middle lane speak positively about the Donskoy dawns. They are fascinated by the appearance and taste of the berries, attracted by their short ripening period and the frost resistance of the bush. They also note that in these regions the plant is rarely affected by diseases. Gardeners of the southern regions, who have the opportunity to grow a much larger assortment of grape varieties, are not happy with the Donskoy dawns. For them, the taste of berries seems mediocre and tart, the skin is tough. They complain of frequent illnesses and that the berry inside the brush chokes and rots even after several thinning. Many of them, after a couple of years of fruiting, end up re-grafting other grape varieties onto this bush.

When choosing grape seedlings for planting, pay attention to the hybrid form Donskiye Zori. It has a number of advantages, but it also has its disadvantages. It will take a lot of effort to add this vine to your garden, as the plant requires systematic and proper care.

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