If you are a florist, then in your house there are many indoor plants and there is a very high probability that among them there are poisonous ones. In this article, we will tell you about plants that need to be treated with special attention.
Clivia is a beautiful perennial houseplant. It comes from South Africa. Clivia has only three species. At the end of winter and early spring, it releases a flower spike covered with flowers that can be yellow, red, white or cream. Despite all the attractiveness, you need to be careful when caring for this plant, as its leaves are poisonous. With careless handling of them or accidental ingestion, severe poisoning may occur, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Clivia poses the same danger to both humans and animals.
Ficus is a popular ornamental plant with about 800 species. Ficuses can be tall or undersized trees, spreading bushes, ampelous plants hanging from pots. Bonsai-style compositions are made of them. The danger of this pet of flower growers is that it often causes allergies, especially in asthmatics. Its juice can cause irritation if it comes into contact with the skin. Another disadvantage is the fact that ficus consumes oxygen at night. Therefore, it is not recommended to install it in the bedroom, especially if it is a large specimen.
Azalea is a beautifully flowering bush. She belongs to the genus of rhododendrons. The plant originates from the foothills of China. Currently, there are a large number of azalea varieties. It begins to bloom in December, and late species bloom until April. In Europe, azalea is a Christmas home decoration. Despite all the attractiveness, you cannot taste its leaves and flowers, since they contain poison. In case of poisoning, arrhythmia occurs, which can lead to death. Therefore, the plant is dangerous to humans and animals.
Dieffenbachia is a perennial herb native to Central and South America. It received its name in honor of the German botanist Dieffenbach and has about 30 species. Dieffenbachia is popular for its beautiful leaves and its ability to take on the appearance of a palm tree or bush. This plant is very beautiful, but poisonous. If dieffenbachia decorates the house, then children and animals should not be allowed to visit it. Its leaves and stems contain poison that causes severe poisoning.
Primrose is a plant that is one of the first to bloom in spring. There are over 500 species of primroses. The color of its flowers can be any: red, yellow, blue, pink, purple. Some species bloom until September. When blooming, primrose exudes a very strong aroma, but its smell can cause intoxication, dizziness, and nausea. The more plants there are in the room, the stronger the effect will be felt. Velvety primrose leaves are also dangerous. A severe allergic reaction may occur upon contact with them.
Ivy is a well-known evergreen climbing liana that adorns the facades of houses and the interior of many apartments. However, ivy berries and leaves are poisonous. Therefore, children or animals should not be allowed to eat them, as they can be poisoned.
Monstera is a large tropical vine native to Central and South America. It is a very beautiful tree-like plant with large leaves, a stiff stem and aerial roots. To decorate the premises, Monstera Lakomaya is most often used. After blooming with snow-white flowers, it forms an edible fruit that tastes like pineapple. True, monstera rarely blooms at home. If you eat an unripe fruit, you can burn your mouth. Also poisonous is the juice contained in the leaves and stems of monstera. Its use can lead to death. Therefore, if such a plant decorates the house, then it is better to admire it from afar and not let children and animals near it, who like to taste everything.
Cyclamen is a flowering houseplant that is very often presented as a gift. A distinctive feature of cyclamen is winter flowering followed by shedding of leaves. During this period, many people think that the plant has died and throw it away. However, in winter, it simply sleeps. Tuber is poisonous in cyclamen. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that the child, cat or dog does not accidentally dig it up and eat it, as the consequences can be very serious. Its juice has an effect similar to the poison of curare: it causes respiratory disturbances, the work of the cardiovascular, nervous system.
Trichocereus is a cactus, the danger of which is not only that it is prickly, but also that its juice has a very strong negative effect on the central nervous system, causing hallucinations and paralysis.
Brunfelsia is an evergreen shrub that blooms in spring and lasts all summer. Its homeland is the swampy forests of Brazil. It has very beautiful fragrant flowers ranging from purple-blue to white. However, you should be aware that all parts of this plant, especially the roots, are poisonous. They have a hallucinogenic effect, disrupt the functioning of the central nervous system, and cause convulsions. You should be careful and careful when caring for brunfelsia, do not let children and animals near it. If a poisonous houseplant turns out to be in the house, you should not immediately throw it away. When caring for him, you must take precautions. When transplanting or pruning, wear gloves and then wash your hands thoroughly; when watering - do not touch the leaves; if there are small children and curious cats in the house, remove them to an inaccessible place.
You should be aware that there are a number of cultivated garden plants and flowers that are poisonous or so toxic that they cause severe and sometimes fatal poisoning.
When there is a suspicion of poisoning with plant poisons, immediately consult a doctor, specifying exactly the type of plant that you suspect is the cause of the disorder, or even better - show the doctor a sample of it.
Very often, plants with a pleasant aroma have an adverse effect on the human body. Bouquets of flowers left in a poorly ventilated room where people are can cause serious health problems. Cases of poisoning with blue-green algae are known when drinking water from closed reservoirs.
From poisoning with such plants, children can first of all suffer. The conclusion is as follows: there is no place for such dangerous plants in an amateur garden.
To prevent child poisoning, you should constantly supervise them.
In addition, gardeners need to know poisonous plants, learn to recognize them (not only in their garden area, but also outside it, in the wild). It is necessary to observe elementary precautions: you cannot taste unknown berries, tear the leaves and stems of unknown plants, and even touch them.
You should always remember that poisoning is possible as a result of the ingestion of honey produced by bees from the nectar of flowers of poisonous plants. Below is a list of common plants that are poisonous to humans.
Perhaps, reading this article, many will ask the question - why, in fact, do we need poisonous plants?
There are no superfluous links in nature: it is unique and well thought out. The poisonous properties of certain plant species are a disadvantage for humans, while for the plants themselves it is the ability to evolve. Growth, survival, the ability to adapt to changing conditions - all this many plants owe precisely to their toxicity.
In addition, over time, a person nevertheless learned to use the harmful properties of many herbs, flowers and berries for his own good. An example of this is a huge number of medicines based on poisonous plants.
Summer is coming, wonderful time. But even in summer we should be careful with the gifts of nature. This also applies to children and those who are alone with nature for a long time. It is possible to hold out in the wild without food supplies until help arrives or you yourself come across some settlement, if you switch to pasture. From spring to autumn, finding it in the forest will not be difficult. But no matter how delicious the gifts of nature may seem, there is everything in a row, in no case is it possible. There are such wild berries, which, at best, can get rid of food poisoning, and at worst, everything will end in death.
Belladonna (lat.Atr? Pa bellad? Nna)
This herbaceous plant reaches a height of 2 meters, the stems are branched and thick with large leaves, the flowers are small, bell-shaped, usually next to them you can find small black-purple berries.
WHERE? The easiest way to find Belladonna is in the Crimea, the Caucasus and in the regions of Russia bordering on Western Ukraine (no politics, pure botany), where it grows on forest edges, clearings, and river banks.
AS ? The alkaloids atropine and hyoscyamine included in its composition can cause a person's strong excitement, reaching madness, loss of orientation in space, accompanied by delirium and hallucinations. A person who decides to try belladonna will feel a decrease in vision, dry skin, and an increase in body temperature. Death is also possible.
A relative of belladonna, they both belong to the “nightshade” family, they are also visually similar, but the henbane is lower, its stems are thicker and covered with villi. Apparently, due to its less attractiveness, henbane is also more poisonous.
WHERE? It grows almost everywhere in Russia, and not far from a person: along roadsides, in courtyards of houses, in vegetable gardens.
AS ? In addition to atropine and hoiscyamine, it also contains scopolamine. All three make the henbane one of the most dangerous members of the family, the poison is found in all parts of the plant, and especially in the seeds. Its action causes fever, increased heart rate, confusion, dry mouth and impaired vision. Moreover, the first symptoms appear less than half an hour after the henbane enters the body.
In the tropics and subtropics, it reaches a height of ten meters, and in our temperate climate - only two or three. Thanks to the beautiful green-brown foliage, reminiscent of maple and chestnut, castor oil plant is used in ornamental gardening, not paying special attention to its harmful properties.
WHERE? The habitat of the castor bean is the southern regions of the Russian Federation.
AS ? The anticholinergic agents contained in the plant have a detrimental effect on the functioning of the brain, can cause insanity, a darkened state. Not only the brain goes crazy, but also the gastrointestinal tract: enteritis, vomiting, colic, internal bleeding ... After eating seeds or other parts of castor beans, symptoms appear within about an hour, death occurs in 5-7 days.
Ash (Latin Dict? Mnus) - burning bush
The fruits of this plant contain a large amount of essential oils, so when rubbed, ash gives off a delicate scent of lemon, which can seem very attractive to those who do not know what this aromatherapy leads to.
WHERE? It is found in the southern part of the country from Smolensk to Blagoveshchensk in rocky places, non-acidic soil, among bushes.
AS ? Within a day after touching or even approaching (you just can't smell it either), severe burns may appear at the point of contact, subsequently becoming covered with blisters, ulcers and turning into scars over time. If more than 80% of the skin is affected by ash, death is possible.
Spotted hemlock (Latin Con? Um macul? Tum)
The plant is about a meter high, with long hollow stems, it looks empty and simple, as inconspicuous as many of the above. It is used in folk medicine as a sedative, anticonvulsant and pain reliever, but it can also be used to make poison.
WHERE? It grows on the edges, near ravines, like a weed in vegetable gardens, it is found almost throughout the country.
AS ? The main toxic substance of Hemlock spotted is konyin, it has a nicotine-like and curariform effect. As soon as it enters the body, it causes agitation, and then respiratory arrest.
Vyokh poisonous (lat.Cic? Ta vir? Sa)
Its other names - water rabies, water hemlock, mutton and gorigolov - already speak volumes. Although the killer looks inconspicuous: thin stems, white flower umbrellas, it is rather difficult to distinguish it from safe umbrella plants.
WHERE? Distributed in Europe and the European part of Russia.
AS ? The whole plant is poisonous, but the largest concentration of harmful substances falls on the root, it tastes like rutabaga or radish. Just 100 grams of this radish is enough to kill a cow. This action provides the content of the poison cicutoxin, which causes death through a disorder of the central nervous system. A few minutes are enough for the first symptoms to appear: nausea, colic in the lower abdomen, dizziness, foam at the mouth, convulsions and paralysis.
Under this name, about twenty species of umbrella plants are united, visually (and not only) similar to the poisonous one. But unlike veh, some of the omezhniks are used as spices, the main thing here is not to confuse saffron omezhnik with water omezhnik.
WHERE? It grows in temperate climates, different species choose different places, water omelet, for example, in the floodplains of rivers, partially submerged in water.
AS ? The neurotoxins contained in the poisonous species of the omelet are very similar to cicutoxin vech, so look up and re-read the previous paragraph about nausea, froth at the mouth, suffering and pain.
Four-leafed raven eye (Latin P? Ris quadrif? Lia)
WHERE? In mixed, deciduous and coniferous, that is, in almost all forests of Russia, it is found in ravines, shady and humid secluded places.
AS ? Leaves - affect the nervous system, roots - on the stomach, fruits - on the heart. The raven eye is deadly poisonous and very dangerous.
A well-known phrase associated with a poisonous forest berry.
In fact, this is the general name for a number of plants, the fruits of which contain substances hazardous to humans and animals. Usually wolfberry is called wolfberry, belladonna, snowberry, brittle buckthorn, crow's eye, real honeysuckle and common wolfberry. The last two, unlike the others listed, are not poisonous.
The shrub blooms from late May to September. In June-October, the nightshade fruits ripen, which are red berries. They, like the stem and leaves, are poisonous. Even animals do not eat nightshade berries bittersweet. Its plants contain solanine glycoalkaloids, solidulcin, dulcamarine and other poisonous substances that can cause poisoning. It manifests itself in the form of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath and cardiovascular failure.
In August, the leaves of a perennial grass about 10-20 cm high crumble, leaving a bare stem, the top of which is covered with red berries. Due to the content of alkaloids, they cannot be eaten fresh. But if they are dried, the berries lose their toxic properties and become quite edible.
They may seem edible if only because they are pecked by birds.But this impression is deceiving, and for humans, unlike birds, they are dangerous. None of the plant organs are suitable for eating, and even more so black berries that ripen by mid-late summer. They are the most poisonous and contain substances that damage the nervous system and even in small quantities cause severe gastrointestinal upset. In addition, the sap of the plant has toxic properties, which, if it comes into contact with the skin, causes burns.
In appearance, it is similar to the Voronets spike-shaped and can only be distinguished by the lighter color of the leaves and the color of the berries. They ripen by the beginning of September. The fact that the plant is inedible is indicated even by its unpleasant smell. The berries themselves are very bitter and, if someone decides to satisfy their hunger, they will get dizziness, nausea, a rapid pulse and severe indigestion.
In August-September, black fruits ripen in a herbaceous perennial. It is believed that only unripe berries are toxic. When poisoned, they cause sore throat, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and cramps are possible. Due to the accumulation of oxyhemoglobin in the venous blood, the oral mucosa turns blue. Death occurs from respiratory arrest on the background of acute heart failure. Ripe fruits are edible: they make wine, jam, and just eat them raw.
Warty euonymus is a poisonous plant. You can't even eat leaves, let alone fruits. Sweet berries, ripening in the second half of August, cause vomiting, diarrhea, chills and convulsions, as well as heart failure.
The fruit ripens in July-August. Dark red berries are inedible as they contain toxic substances. If honeysuckle fruits enter the human body, they cause poisoning, which manifests itself in the form of nausea, vomiting and indigestion.
May lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)
You can get poisoned just out of curiosity - by trying the beautiful red berries!
This happens especially often with children!
But you don't have to go to the forest to get lily of the valley fruits. Yes, and he is rare there!
They are common in our flower beds!
By the way, collecting large bouquets of lily of the valley in spring, putting them in a vase in a room is also not worth it - a large amount of substances released into the air is by no means safe for health.
ALL PARTS OF THIS PLANT ARE POISONOUS!
Round white berries ripen towards the end of summer, and then hibernate on the plant until warmth. Despite the tempting appearance, the berries are absolutely inedible. In our country, the snowberry is used as an ornamental plant.
Marsh calla is a creeping hydrophyte with large cordate leaves. Its fruits (bunches of juicy red berries) ripen at the end of June. The plant is widespread throughout Russia (in wetlands).
Marsh calla - POISONOUS.
This is only a small part of poisonous plants.
Of the 30,000 plants found in our country, about 1,000 are poisonous.
An additional list of dangerous vegetation is presented below:
The benefits of plants for the animal body are great. Cats love to chew the leaves, stems of flowers and herbs to cleanse and heal their bodies. Therefore, due to the rare access to wild plants, the pet is looking for a medicine on the windowsill.
To protect the cat and her favorite houseplants that are dangerous for her, plant several pots with useful herbs: mint, lemon balm, barley, catnip, thyme. Set up a home garden for your pet on one of its windowsills, removing all dangerous flowers from there.