Sprekelia


Sprekelia is a flowering plant belonging to the Amaryllis family. It originates in the highlands of Guatemala and Mexico. It begins to bloom in early spring, or in summer with large beautiful flowers.

Sprekelia splendid (Sprekelia formosissima) - an evergreen bulbous plant that grows up to 30-35 centimeters. The bulb itself is black with dark red stripes, about 5 centimeters in diameter. The leaves are narrow and flat: the number of leaves is from 3 to 6, the length of which is 40-45 centimeters. The color of the leaves is rich green, sometimes red at the base.

The flower bud grows on a tall stem. It is an asymmetrical red bud. It consists of 6 petals, three of which "look" up and are slightly tilted back, while the other three grow down, representing a tube with stamens. The stamens of the flower are red, at the end of which there are yellow anthers. Sprekelia blooms magnificent in spring or early summer.

Sprekelia care at home

Location and lighting

To prevent sprekelia from withering and blooming, it must be placed in a place with enough light, it also feels great in direct sunlight. To stimulate flowering, the plant must absorb sunlight for at least 4 hours a day.

Temperature

Sprekelia belongs to heat-loving plants, therefore it is not recommended to take it out into the fresh air in summer. A comfortable temperature for a flower is a temperature in the range of 23-25 ​​degrees. In winter, during the dormant period, the bulbs are kept at a temperature of 17-19 degrees.

Air humidity

Sprekelia copes well with dry indoor air; it does not need additional humidification and spraying.

Watering

In the spring and summer, sprekelia should be watered abundantly. Watering is best done from the bottom into the pan of the pot. At the end of the summer season, you need to water less, and after the leaves of the flower dry out, you can stop altogether.

The soil

The soil for growing sprekelia must be loose and breathable. The mixture can be prepared from turf, humus, peat and coarse sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Sprekelia begins to feed with the appearance of a peduncle. Top dressing is carried out about 2-3 times a month until the end of summer.

Transfer

The most optimal time for transplanting sprekelia is considered to be early spring (March). At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to lay out gravel to create drainage. The bulb should be deepened half of its own length. The pot in which the sprekelia bulb will be planted should be of such a diameter that there is about 3 centimeters between the seedling and the walls of the pot.

Dormant period

In sprekelia, the dormant period lasts approximately 5 months - from November to March. In early and mid-autumn, the plant is rarely watered; in November, watering stops altogether. After the leaves wilt, the bulbs must be dug out of the pot and placed in dry peat, or left in pots and kept at a temperature of 17-19 degrees in a dry, dark place. With the arrival of spring, in March, the sprekelia bulbs are planted in a pot and kept dry until the upper part of the peduncle appears, after which watering begins.

Reproduction of sprekelia

Sprekelia can multiply both by "children" (most often) and by seeds. In the case of reproduction by children, they must be carefully cut off during plant transplantation. Then the sections must be sprinkled with activated carbon and planted in containers with sand (coarse-grained) or sphagnum moss so that the top is on the surface. Children root at a temperature of 20-25 degrees.

Artificial pollination can produce sprekelia seeds. Sprekelia seedlings develop rather slowly, in the first year or two they do not have a dormant period. In the first few years, there is no dormant period. The flowering of seedlings begins at the age of 3-5 years.

Diseases and pests

Sprekelia does not tolerate overflow and stagnation of water in the soil. Also, sprekelia does not like not rotted organic matter (manure), in this case the bulb will immediately rot. Of the pests, the plant can be harmed: spider mite, false shield, mealybug.


Sprekelia

• bulbous plants originating from the mountainous regions of Mexico, Guatemala
• representative of the genus - the only species - Sprekelia splendid (Sprekelia formosissima)

Sprekelia, or Spreckelia (Sprekelia) - monotypic genus of the Amaryllidaceae family (Amaryllidaceae), including a single species - magnificent sprekelia.

The genus is named after the lawyer and mayor of Hamburg, Johann Heinrich von Spreckelsen (1691-1764), who helped the German botanist Lorenz Geister acquire the plants.

Sprekelia is magnificent, or the fairest (Sprekelia formosissima) grows in Mexico and Guatemala at altitudes up to 2500 m above sea level. Known as the Aztec Lily, its flowers were used by the local population to decorate festive ceremonies.

It is a perennial bulbous plant with a rounded dark bulb with blood-red stripes, up to 5 cm in diameter, and falling leaves. Leaves, 3-6 in number, narrow, linear, flat, tapering towards the end, with parallel venation, from 15 to 60 (-110) cm in length and from 6 to 12 mm in width, dark green or gray, grow back simultaneously with flowers or a little later. Inflorescence on a straight, hollow reddish peduncle 20-35 cm long, which bears one or more rarely two-flowered inflorescence. The flowers are very spectacular, up to 12-15 cm in diameter, velvety, fragrant, consisting of six lobes of bright crimson color with a green spot at the base, resemble orchid flowers. The upper lobe of the perianth is the widest, at first straight, then ascending, and after 2-3 days it becomes wrapped. Two lateral lobes are much narrower than the other four, widen and bend, narrowing slightly towards the base. The three lower lobes are lowered down, their tips are bent outward; the middle lobe is the shortest and widest, half covered from above by two lateral lobes. The lower lobes form a protruding tube that partially covers the stamens. There are six stamens, with crimson-purple anthers and yellowish pollen. The pistil is bright red, longer than the stamens, ending in a tripartite stigma.

It blooms in spring or early summer for 2-3 weeks. If grown as an annual, it blooms in summer, a few weeks after planting. Each bulb can produce more than one peduncle one after the other.

Sprekelia is close to the genus Hippeastrum (Hippeastrum), with which she produces hybrids named Hippeastrelia (x Hippeastrelia).

Sperekelia does not bloom every year, but some varieties and hybrids with hippeastrum bloom more stable, for example:

  • Orient Red (Harrison's Orientred) - this variety produces several flowers during the growing season.

In addition to the raspberry color, flowers of some varieties of sprekelia can be pink or white, have light middle veins or white edges on the petals.


The bulbs should be planted in early to mid-May in a sunny and wind-protected area. Large, bright red, velvety flowers appear in June. Flowering lasts 2-3 weeks. After the leaves have wilted, the bulbs are dug up and stored in a cool dry place until planting. Sprekelia is great for decorating alpine slides, balconies and ceremonial flower beds.

The location is bright and sunny. In the second half of May, the faded plant can be carried up a hill to the garden, continuing to provide the bulb with everything that is necessary for its new flowering. before the first frosts, the plant is brought into the house and stored at a temperature of about 15 degrees. In the spring, the bulb should be transplanted into fresh soil. Propagated by daughter bulbs during transplantation in spring.


Description of the plant

Shprekelia is a bulbous plant with a height of 30 centimeters. An adult bulb can be up to ten centimeters in diameter. The leaves of the flower are saturated green with a shiny surface, have a narrow, lanceolate shape. During flowering, a smooth, reddish-brown peduncle appears, growing to about thirty centimeters. The peduncle is crowned with a very large, asymmetrical flower. Six long petals curl ornate to form an interesting flower shape. The petals can be of different shades of red. Many long, delicate stamens are crowned with yellow, bright pollen. Spreckelia exudes a delicate pleasant aroma during flowering.

Sprekelia is a thermophilic plant that does not tolerate low temperatures. It is considered perennial, but in our climatic zone, without special care (winter storage), it can be used as annuals.

Popular varieties

The most famous crop varieties:

  • Karwinskii - differs with crimson petals, have a white edging.
  • Orient Red - red petals, white blotches in the longitudinal direction
  • Peru - has dark red buds.

The flowering period of all varieties begins in May, early June, lasts 3-4 weeks. With good care, it can bloom again in early autumn.

Growing spreckel

A light-loving, thermophilic plant, the flowering of which is associated with the need to obtain a large amount of direct sunlight, temperatures not lower than 20 degrees. Planting in shaded garden areas can lead to lengthening (deformation) of foliage and peduncles, complete cessation or weak flowering. If positioned incorrectly, the flower may not bloom for several years.

The soil must be well-drained, breathable and permeable to water. For active growth of sprekelia, the soil should be low in acidity, saturated with nutrients. Watering is required in moderation, excessive accumulation of moisture in the root soil should be avoided. Excessive moisture can lead to the destruction of the root bulb, the death of the flower.

Planting and leaving

Spreckelia propagates by tubers, seeds. Growing a flower from seed is a laborious, troublesome process.

The seeds are harvested in mid-autumn. At the beginning of spring, the harvested seed is planted in containers with moist, fertilized soil. The emerging and matured shoots are planted at a distance of about 10-15 centimeters. Strengthened shoots are transplanted into open ground. Specimens grown from seeds bloom only in the seventh year of life. Prior to this, the plant is actively working to create a healthy tuber.

Planting the bulbs is easier and faster to achieve the desired result. It is planted in open ground in April-May, when the ground has warmed up enough, the threat of frost has passed. The bulb is immersed in the prepared soil to a depth of ten centimeters. The soil is watered abundantly. A moist environment must be maintained throughout the entire active phase of flower growth. The distance between the planted tubers must be at least ten centimeters.

When growing at home, the planting container is chosen with a large margin. This is due to the fact that the plant does not tolerate the transplant, and the growing tuber requires sufficient space.

Considering that the plant is not frost-resistant, the bulbs are removed from open ground in late autumn. Peeled from the earth and dried foliage, the bulbs are placed in dry peat. Without watering, in a dry room, at temperatures up to ten degrees, the tubers winter well. The plant awakens from hibernation when the temperature rises, abundant watering.

Active growth, flowering sprekelia requires regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. They are applied monthly throughout the active phase of flower growth (from May to September).

Otherwise, it is a rather unpretentious flower that needs regular watering, pruning faded peduncles, and removing weeds.


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Alexey Mikhailovich pinned post

A little trick when planting a cabbage (said one grandfather).

At the end of April, as it warms up, sow cabbage right away in place, covering the sowing site with halves of plastic bottles.

The distance depends on the variety. The cabbage is a success - it grows quickly, it fills up amicably.
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__________________
A little trick when planting cabbage (said one grandfather).

At the end of April, as it warms, sow cabbage immediately in place, covering the sowing place with half plastic bottles.

The distance depends on the grade. Cabbage succeeds in fame - it grows quickly, pours together.

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This is the first part: about bad seeds.
Perhaps it will be useful

The second part of the review will be about the seeds you like.

Maxim Kassir pinned post
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Alexey Mikhailovich pinned post

The beautifully flowering sprekelia plant, also called sprekelia, stands out for its spectacular graceful flowers.

This evergreen bulbous plant is a member of the Amaryllis family.
Show in full.

This genus unites only two species, namely: the magnificent sprekelia (Sprekelia howardii) and the most beautiful (Sprekelia formosissima).

The people also call this plant the Aztec lily.

It comes from Guatemala and Mexico, and in European countries it began to be grown in 1593.

An adult bush reaches a height of about 30–35 centimeters.

Flowering begins in the spring months or June.

At this time, a peduncle appears on the bush, at the top of which a beautiful flower of graceful shape opens up.

When the bush fades, the plant must be sure to provide a dormant period. In indoor culture, the lifespan of such a flower is 4 to 5 years.

Alexey Mikhailovich pinned post

If you decide to grow Turkish carnations in a seedling way, then sowing is carried out in March or early April in a substrate previously disinfected with a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.

The substrate is prepared from sand and leaf humus in equal parts. Instead of sand, you can take vermiculite.
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As a container, boxes or containers may be suitable, which must be washed with hot water and soda before use.

A drainage layer is placed on the bottom of the container, and a moist substrate is placed on top.

Turkish carnation seeds are sown to a depth of 1 cm, spreading them at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other.


Reproduction of sprekelia

Shprekelia often reproduces vegetatively by baby bulbs.

An adult bulb of sprekelia gives at least one baby per season (then the baby very quickly gains weight and practically aligns with the “mother” in size) or several smaller onions.

Babies should be separated during transplanting in the spring into fresh substrate, when a close nest of bulbs is formed in the pot.

When propagating sprekelia by seeds, you will have to be patient, since this is a long process.
Sown freshly harvested seeds germinate successfully. A month later, the sprouts dive into the pots.
Sprekelia seedlings develop rather slowly in the first year, they do not have a dormant state. Further, their cultivation does not differ from the cultivation of adult plants.
Sprekelia seedlings bloom at the age of five years.

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