Characteristics and description of the black prince strawberry variety


Strawberry black prince is still little known among domestic gardeners. But the varietal characteristic allows us to put it on a par with promising species. Garden strawberry black prince is excellent for growing in various regions of our country, including the northern ones.

Description of the variety

The Black Prince is the product of ten years of work by Italian breeders. Thanks to the perseverance of the scientists of the company "New fruitis" it was possible to obtain a variety that increased frost resistance.

Strawberries are great for areas with short, rainy summers and moderately cold winters.

In terms of ripening, the culture belongs to medium early varieties. The first harvest of berries ripens in the 20th of June... The plant bears fruit before the fall. Throughout the season, the berries retain their size, while the rest of the early varieties become smaller by the end of summer.

The strawberry bush is striking in its unusual appearance. The plant is large and from a distance it can be confused with potato tops.

The shape of the berries is conical with a slight truncation at the end. Their mass according to the description reaches 50 g... Covered with black, strongly protruding grains, dark red berries are slightly prickly. In the dark, their color appears black, hence the appropriate name.

Sweet fruits have a juicy and firm flesh without voids. Due to their high degree of density, they can be stored for a long time - 2 weeks. Fruit do not deteriorate during transportation over long distances.

Black Prince is a high-yielding variety. One bush per season gives on average kilogram of strawberries... From one dacha weave, you can get about 200 kg of berries. The variety is good for commercial production.

This type of garden strawberry bears fruit in one place for 7 years, while the berry does not shrink by the end of summer and the yields increase every year.

Planting strawberries

Strawberry planting should be done at the very beginning of autumn, so that it has time to take root before frost.

In addition, at this time of the year in the soil there is a sufficient amount of micronutrients that are so necessary for growth and development.

Seat selection

Before you start planting, you need to choose the right place, which must meet the following criteria:

  • a lot of sunlight;
  • protected from the wind;
  • deep bedding of groundwater.

The last point very importantotherwise the roots will start to rot. For the same reason, you should not plant garden strawberries in the lowlands, as well as on the slopes, since the water will flow down and the plant will not receive enough moisture.

You can not plant black prince strawberries where potatoes, tomatoes or eggplants used to grow. An excellent option would be a place where carrots, onions, legumes or cereals were previously grown.

The soil

Heavy clay soil, where excess moisture prevails, is not suitable for the variety. Strawberries prefer drained sandy loam soil with excellent air circulation. It can be black soil or forest soil.

Having chosen a place, you need to prepare a garden bed. First of all, her dig up, removing all weeds... The soil needs to be well fertilized with organic matter.

Planting material

To avoid disappointment with planting material, it should be purchased at a specialized store or nursery. The distance between the holes should be more than 40 cm, since the plant grows rather quickly.

The pits are watered abundantly and only then the sockets are placed in them. Having spread the roots, the seedling is buried in such a way that the growth bud (heart) remains on the surface of the earth. The soil around the plant is lightly tamped, irrigated and mulched.

Care

It is necessary to remove the whiskers annually so that they do not take power from the main bush.

Top dressing is done twice a season... Once in the spring using nitrogen-containing fertilizers. The second time in the summer, when buds appear on the bushes, they are fed with fertilizer containing phosphorus. For the black prince do not use preparations containing chlorine... This is detrimental to the plant.

After planting the bushes, it is important to maintain soil moisture, especially during the flowering period.

After the formation of ovaries, watering should be stopped, otherwise the berries will lose their taste. So that the bushes do not suffer from drought, the soil must be mulched.

Strawberry propagation

When breeding garden strawberries, the black prince uses the same methods as for other species:

  • mustache;
  • dividing the bush;
  • seeds.

Mustache

The first method, invented by nature itself, is the simplest and cheapest. When choosing a mustache for breeding, take those that are closer to the bush. There should be 5 - 6 leaves on the shoot.

In order for the plant to take root quickly and for sure, experienced gardeners recommend not immediately separating the mustache. The socket must first be pressed to the ground and wait 36 ​​- 40 days until it takes root and only then separate it from the parent bush.

The end of August - the beginning of September is considered an excellent time for seating. Before the start of frost, the seedling manages to get stronger and recharge with nutrients.

Strawberry black prince gives a mustache only the first three years.

Dividing the bush

When the plant ceases to give a mustache, the second method of reproduction becomes relevant - dividing the bush. Choose bushes that have most small shoots.

The culture is dug out of the ground and, using a knife processed in potassium permanganate, it is carefully divided into parts. The sections are processed with crushed activated carbon and planted in the ground.

Seeds

Growing garden strawberries from seeds is considered the most labor-intensive method.

The result may turn out to be far from expected. Seedlings may not adopt the varietal characteristics of the parent bush.

Seeds are obtained from the largest and most ripe berries. A thin layer of pulp with seeds is cut from the fruit and dried. After drying, the seeds should be separated by rubbing the pulp between the fingers. They are stored in hermetically sealed containers no more than 3 - 4 years.

For 3-4 months before planting, the seeds are placed in water and kept at a temperature of 3-5 degrees. Before planting, the seeds are thoroughly dried.

There is another faster way to prepare seeds. The bones are poured for 15 minutes concentrated sulfuric acid solution, after which they are thoroughly washed for half an hour in running water and dried.

Seeds are planted in February in small containers. The soil consisting of turf, dry peat and river sand (2: 1: 1) is irrigated and seeds are scattered on its surface. The containers are covered with polyethylene. The sprouts should appear in 10 - 14 days, and after 2 weeks the seedlings dive.

Autumn processing of the beds

In order for the plants to survive the winter well, they need to be prepared for it:

  • remove mulch to avoid the development of fungal diseases;
  • delete dry and yellowed leaves;
  • to clear the ridge about weeds;
  • loosen the ground so that the roots are not visible;
  • fertilize the soil (manure, humus or vermicompost);
  • a couple of times before frost well saturate the earth with water;
  • trim the mustache;
  • cover the culture with a covering material before the onset of cold weather.

Diseases and pests of culture

When growing strawberries, the black prince needs watch the leaves carefully... Sometimes they can tell about the presence of any disease, the timely treatment of which will help save the plant and preserve the harvest.

If the foliage has formed yellowness, then the reasons may be as follows:

  • non-infectious chlorosis;
  • mosaic;
  • deficiency of magnesium or nitrogen.

If the foliage on the bush begins dry earlythen it can mean:

  • infection with root rot or fungal disease;
  • damage to the root system by a bear or a mole.

Despite the resistance of the variety to various diseases, with improper care, the plant can become infected with gray rot, spotting, late blight, powdery mildew and anthracnose.

Application

Like any other variety of strawberries, the black prince can be consumed not only fresh, but also made from it various preparations: jam, jam, compote and even liqueur.

In addition, the berries are used in cosmetology. Thanks to the large seeds from the fruit, you can make not only nourishing masks, but also peels.

The plant is useful not only berries, but also leaves... The broth helps fight coughs and relieves sore throat during colds.

Strawberry black prince deserves the attention of gardeners. With proper care, the plant will show its best side and will give you an excellent harvest of delicious berries.


Strawberry "Black Prince" is the "child" of Italian breeders working for New fruitis. 10 years of persistent pipe allowed them to develop a completely new variety that is resistant to frost and high humidity. If you look at the photo of the described garden strawberry, you will notice that its bushes are powerful and rather tall, with green leaves, which are so light gloss. Shoots are strong, usually have a large number of ovaries. There are a lot of thick mustaches in the early years, but later their number decreases significantly.

The berries of the Black Prince strawberry are similar in color to apples, they are the same dark red. Although from a distance they even seem black. Interestingly, the seeds inside the berries are of the same characteristic shade. By weight, the fruits reach 50 grams. They have a glossy surface, truncated cone shape, juicy and dense red flesh, without voids. Tellingly, during the whole season they are not shallow.


Features of the Black Prince variety

The new variety of garden strawberries is recommended for growing in different climatic zones. The plant perfectly tolerates cold winters, is resistant to drought, with proper care it shows high yields. But the most important difference from other varieties is the dark red color of ripe berries with a lilac shade. It is thanks to this feature that the variety got the name Black Prince.

History of origin

Italian scientists breeders of the city of Cesene have long been famous for their developments in the field of hybrid varieties of berry crops. For more than 10 years, work has been carried out on a new strawberry variety Black Prince. The developers have set themselves the task of developing a completely new garden culture with the best characteristics.

Garden strawberry Black Prince quickly won recognition in all European countries, the variety is included in the state registers of Ukraine and is actively cultivated in different regions of Russia and Kazakhstan.

Botanical description of the bush and shoots

Garden strawberries of this variety grow and develop rapidly. Plants are tall, reaching a maximum size of 40 to 60 cm by 3-4 years of age. The bushes are powerful, with sprawling, large, corrugated leaves of a bright green hue and multiple tendril shoots. The older the plant, the fewer shoots are formed annually. In old bushes, shoots do not grow at all.

In the flowering phase, strong, but short peduncles appear on the bushes, so heavy berries in the ripening stage often end up on the surface of the soil.

Flowering, pollination and fruiting

In mid-May, inflorescences are formed on the peduncles, consisting of 4-6 large male and female white flowers. The variety begins fruiting in the second year after planting in open ground. Up to 10 peduncles appear on young plants, on which ovaries form during the growing season.

An adult bush produces up to 30 peduncles. The variety of garden strawberries Black Prince is self-fertile. The period of flowering and ripening of berries is long.

The first harvest of ripe fruits is harvested at the end of June, the last at the beginning of September. Up to 1.5 kg of ripe berries are obtained from each bush of a fruit crop for the entire growing season. In one place, the bushes bear fruit for up to 7 years, then rejuvenation of the plant and transplantation are required.

Important! The largest berries ripen at the beginning of the fruiting period; by the end of the season, the fruits become much smaller.

Taste and use of berries

At the stage of ripening, the berries acquire a rich dark red color with a lilac or black tint. The fruits are large, up to 50 g, without internal voids, with a juicy, dense pulp of sweet-sour taste and strawberry aroma.

Ripe berries are well stored and transported over long distances. The Black Prince variety is recognized as universal, therefore it is suitable for fresh berries.

Compotes, preserves, jams and confitures are also made from the fruit. The berries are dried, frozen, used for confectionery purposes and added to dairy products.

Immunity and frost resistance

The variety was bred with improved characteristics of resistance to subzero temperatures. Therefore, garden strawberry Black Prince easily tolerates frosts down to -20-25 degrees and spring temperature drops.

In dry times, the berry culture requires additional care and watering.


Black prince strawberry variety: features

The Black Prince strawberry variety has not only an interesting appearance, but also a host of other positive qualities that distinguish this variety from all the others. Let's consider the main ones:

1) Black Prince strawberries have excellent taste and aroma. This variety gives good results in terms of yield.

2) This strawberry differs from the others in that it can be grown in the same area for ten years! And at the same time, with age, the yield and quality of berries does not deteriorate, but rather, on the contrary, improves.

3) The fruits are quite dense in texture, keep their shape well and do not suffer from excessive juice separation. These factors make this variety excellent for storage. The berries of the Black Prince can lie quietly for a couple of weeks.

4) This variety tolerates transportation over long distances, which makes it very suitable for commercial purposes.

5) The Black Prince copes well with winter temperatures, for example, -20 degrees for strawberries are not very scary. Strawberries tolerate frosts quite calmly in spring.

6) This strawberry has strong immunity and is resistant to major diseases and harmful insects.

However, with all the positive features, there are some disadvantages of the Black Prince variety, although there are not so many of them:

1) The soil where your Black Prince strawberry grows should always be slightly moist. This is due to the fact that this variety does not survive dry weather and lack of water.

2) There are some difficulties associated with the fact that with age, the bushes of the Black Prince stop giving a mustache. This makes it difficult for plants to reproduce.


Pollination

This variety blooms in May. It should be borne in mind that the plant is dioecious, so a male pollinator is required. When grown outdoors, there are no problems with this process.

When grown in a greenhouse, it is necessary to provide conditions for artificial pollination.

For this, a fan is installed, which provides a slight breeze to move the pollen.

All flowers are smeared with a soft brush.

An important point concerns the fact that this variety blooms throughout the entire fruiting period. Therefore, artificial pollination is carried out up to 3 times a week.


We bring to your attention an interesting and relatively modern strawberry variety Black Prince, bred by Italian specialists. It has good winter hardiness (up to -20 degrees without shelter), it also tolerates spring frosts well, there is no particular predisposition to diseases and pests, although prevention from strawberry mites and brown spotting in autumn is desirable.It is relatively unpretentious, but will not develop in heavy soils, the Black Prince also loves the sun, but the variety is not drought-resistant, moderate timely watering is required. The bushes have constant fruiting for 6-7 years, but keep in mind that the development of the mustache stops in the 3-4th year. The bushes eventually grow quite tall, the flower stalks are erect, but under the weight of the berries they can sink to the ground.
The yield of the Black Prince strawberry variety is good, about 0.9-1.2 kg per bush per season, increasing with the age of the bush. Fruiting is medium late and extended, as a rule, the berries ripen in the second decade of June, and they can be harvested until the end of summer, while they practically do not lose their size until the very end. On average, all the berries are large, weighing under 50 g, painted in a very dark red color, so they really look black in the shade, from which they most likely got their name. The taste of the Black Prince is pleasant with a strawberry aroma, sweet with a slight sourness. The pulp is dense, without voids, due to this, the variety has excellent transportability and a shelf life of 1 to 2 weeks. The purpose of the fruit is universal.

In the online store Royal Garden you can buy seedlings of strawberries (garden strawberries) of the Black Prince variety and other fruit bushes in Moscow, see photos and descriptions of Black Prince strawberries.


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Strawberry-strawberry "BLACK PRINCE" REVIEWS.

We are discussing the taste of the Black Prince variety, yield, winter hardiness, disease resistance and other qualities. Characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages. Growing strawberries Black Prince in the northern and southern regions in the open field and in greenhouses, the timing of fruiting. Reviews of gardeners about the Black Prince strawberry variety from different regions of the country: we answer questions, share impressions, boast of crops, exchange photos.


Watch the video: How To Choose A Strawberry Variety For The Garden


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