Drimiopsis


A deciduous evergreen like drimiopsis (Drimiopsis) is also called Ledebouria. This plant comes from the tropical regions of South Africa.

This bulbous plant is a perennial. Dark green spots are randomly scattered on the surface of the pale green leaf plate. Spike-shaped or racemose inflorescences bear from 10 to 30 pieces of white small flowers.

This plant is very similar in appearance to eucharis, which is why it is very easy to confuse them. You can distinguish them during the flowering period. So, the small flowers of Drimiopsis, which are part of the spike-shaped inflorescence, do not represent any decorative value, unlike the second plant. And also, eucharis has larger leaf plates than drimiopsis.

Drimiopsis care at home

Illumination

Needs very bright light. It should be borne in mind that the brighter the lighting, the richer and more effective the leaves of such a plant will be. But experts advise in the summer to protect the plant from the scorching direct rays of the midday sun, since they may well leave burns on the surface of the foliage.

Temperature regime

In spring and summer, the plant needs a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. With the onset of the autumn period, Drimiopsis is recommended to be placed in a cooler (about 14 degrees) place.

Humidity

Feels normal at low air humidity in city apartments. It is recommended for hygienic purposes to moisten the foliage from the sprayer and wipe it off with a damp sponge (cloth).

How to water

Watering should be regular in spring and summer. It is produced as soon as the topsoil dries up. To do this, use soft water, which should settle well. With the onset of autumn, watering is reduced. In winter, watering is quite rare, especially during cold wintering. But at the same time it is necessary to ensure that the soil in the pot does not dry out completely.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out in spring and summer 2 times a month. For this, fertilizers are used for bulbous plants or for cacti.

Earth mixture

A suitable soil should be loose and nutrient-rich. To prepare the soil mixture, it is necessary to combine leaf, sod and humus soil, as well as sand, which must be taken in equal parts. You can also pour charcoal into such a mixture.

Transplant features

Young specimens are transplanted once a year, while a new pot is taken larger than the previous one, and adults - once every 2 or 3 years (as the bulbs grow). A suitable container for planting should be wide and low. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container.

Reproduction methods

Can be propagated by onion babies or seeds.

The bulbs should be removed from the mother plant after a dormant period during transplanting or planting. The existing damage on the bulbs must be sprinkled with chopped charcoal before planting.

A species such as Kirk's drimiopsis can be propagated by leaf cuttings. For this, the sheet plate must be carefully divided into parts, the length of which should vary from 5 to 6 centimeters. Rooted in sand, while a temperature of at least 22 degrees is required. Rooted cuttings are planted in separate pots with a diameter of 7 centimeters.

Pests and diseases

A spider mite and scale insect can settle on the plant. You can get rid of the shield with the help of Konfodor or Aktara. By washing the leaves with soapy water made from green soap, you can get rid of the spider mite. Or a hot shower (temperature of about 55 degrees) is also suitable for this purpose, but the soil should not be oversaturated with moisture.

If there is little light, then the leaves will become faded, monochromatic, and their petioles will elongate. If water stagnates in the soil, this can lead to rot on the bulbs.

Main types

Drimiopsis Kirk (Drimiopsis kirkii)

This evergreen plant is bulbous and has a pronounced dormant period. The rounded onion is colored white. Rigid lanceolate leaves taper towards the base. They are painted in a deep green color, and on their surface there are dark green spots, below - greenish-gray. In length, such leaves reach 40 centimeters, and in width - 5 centimeters. Pereshkov are either not present, or they are very short. Peduncle length varies from 20 to 40 centimeters. The spike-shaped inflorescence bears small white flowers. Bloom is observed from March to September.

Drimiopsis spotted (Drimiopsis maculata)

This deciduous bulbous plant is a perennial. The oblong-shaped dark green bulbs are not fully sunk into the soil. The leaf plates have an oval-heart-shaped shape and corrugated edges, in length they reach from 10 to 12 centimeters, while they have a width of 5 to 7 centimeters. There are dark green spots on the green surface of the leaves. The leaves have a long (up to 15 centimeters) petiole. The racemose inflorescence bears flowers with a rather weak, but at the same time pleasant smell. The color of the flowers can be yellow, beige, white or gray. Flowering is observed from April to July. During the dormant period, which is observed in the autumn-winter period, the foliage partially flies around the plant. In autumn, drimiopsis can change the color of the leaf plates to a single color, which is a completely natural process. In springtime, spectacular specks will reappear on the leaves.


Tips for caring for Drimiopsis at home

    Lighting. The plant prefers to bask in diffused but bright lighting, when direct sunlight at noon does not hit its leaves and flowers. To do this, you need to put the pot on the window sills of windows with an eastern and western location. If drimiopsis stays in direct sunlight for a long time, then it is threatened with blanching of the leaf plates and their contours take on rather elongated outlines.

Content temperature. This shrub or herbaceous representative of the flora will feel most comfortable in conditions when the thermometer readings are in the range of 20-25 units. And from the beginning of the autumn-winter period, you can gradually reduce the temperature, bringing it to a minimum of 14 degrees Celsius. You should also install the pot with the plant in such a place that it is not affected by the influence of a draft.

Air humidity when growing Drimiopsis is not an important indicator, especially if it is placed indoors. Only when the temperature rises strongly during the summer months is it recommended to spray the foliage.

Watering. With the arrival of spring and until autumn time, it is required to moisten the substrate in the Drimiopsis pot as the soil dries out from above. The signal for watering and drying the soil is that if you take it into a pinch, the substrate easily crumbles and does not leave marks on your fingers. With the arrival of autumn and, especially in winter, watering is significantly reduced, since the plant enters dormancy. Humidification is rarely carried out, especially if the temperature of the content is low. But the complete drying of the earthen coma cannot be allowed, since the drimiopsist may die. Water for irrigation is used only soft and warm (its temperature should not go beyond 20-23 degrees). If possible, river, melt or rainwater is used, but in urban conditions it is often contaminated, so the easiest way is to use distilled water. You can also pass tap water through a filter, boil and let it stand for several days. Then the resulting liquid is drained from the sediment, carefully, avoiding the ingress of turbidity from the bottom (it is better not to pour all the water into another container, but leave 3-5 cm).

Fertilizers for Drimiopsis, they are introduced as soon as the plant shows signs of vegetative activity (buds swell) and it is required to carry out such fertilizing until the autumn months. The regularity of the introduction of drugs every two weeks. You can use formulations for bulbous plants or replace them with formulations for cacti.

Features of care. Since drimiopsis has a pronounced dormant period, which occurs in winter, the heat indicators should be reduced to 14-16 degrees. At the same time, the light level should be high, and watering should be rare. It is also recommended to turn the plant pot 1/3 turn every 7 days - this will help the crown to grow more evenly. Since there are many baby bulbs, they literally push the mother bulb to the surface from the ground, and in this case neither peduncles nor leaf plates can appear from it. If such symptoms are noticed, then an unscheduled transplant is required.

  • Transplantation and selection of a substrate. When growing Drimiopsis, young specimens need to change the pot and the soil in it annually, while adults are transplanted only once every 2-3 years, as the baby bulbs grow strongly. It is recommended to take a new container wider than deep, so that there is room for future bulbous formations. Drainage material of about 2–3 cm is placed on the bottom (expanded clay, pebbles or ceramic shards can act as it).

  • When transplanting, the substrate is selected with good looseness and nutritional value. They make up a soil mixture of sod soil, leaf and humus soil and river sand (all parts must be the same in volume). It is recommended to add crushed charcoal to the soil mixture for disinfection and prevention of putrefactive processes.


    Watch the video: COMO CULTIVAR A PLANTA DRIMIOPSIS MACULATA


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