Fitosporin - a biological assistant loved by summer residents in the fight against plant diseases


To combat plant diseases, gardeners have recently preferred to use biofungicides instead of aggressive chemicals. Fitosporin is one of them.

What is Fitosporin

The essence of biofungicides is that special bacteria, which are in their composition in an inactive form, begin to multiply rapidly when the agent is dissolved in water. After treatment with such a solution of plants, "beneficial" bacteria begin to destroy the causative agents of fungal and bacterial plant diseases.

"Useful" bacteria Fitosporin actively fight against pathogens of fungal and bacterial plant diseases

Fitosporin is one of the most popular new generation biofungicides. It helps in the fight against fungal and bacterial diseases of all crops, both in the garden and vegetable garden, and at home. A drug has been created based on a complex of beneficial bacterial spores. It belongs to the 4th class of danger to humans, that is, it does not have a waiting period. This means that food after processing can be eaten on the same day.

The drug was developed at the BashINKOM Scientific and Implementation Enterprise LLC in Ufa, which is also the main manufacturer of the drug.

For the release of Fitosporin-M, the producers were awarded the Gold Medal at the World Fair "Russian Farmer" in 2002

The drug is available in three forms:

  • powder,
  • paste,
  • liquid.

Photo gallery: Fitosporin and its varieties

In addition to the universal, manufacturers have developed Fitosporin options specifically for individual crops:

  • Fitosporin-M cucumber,
  • Fitosporin-M tomatoes,
  • Fitosporin-M potatoes.

The preparation Fitosporin-M tomatoes contain trace elements that are required specifically for this type of vegetables

These preparations contain trace elements required by specific types of vegetables.

Fitosporin-M marked "Reanimator" can be used when the situation is already very bad. On the Otzovik website there are examples of real situations in which it was the Reanimator who helped to save the seedlings from death.... A small fragment of one of the reviews can be found in the "Reviews" section.

You can try to contact Fitosporin-M marked "Reanimator" even in the most neglected situation.

Differences between different forms of Fitosporin

Fitosporin in the form of a white-gray powder retains its properties for up to four years. The disadvantage of this form is poor solubility. To dissolve faster, you can pre-soak it.

The paste has a thick consistency, it is dark in color, since it contains humate.

Among the advantages of Fitosporin in the form of a paste are:

  • retains its properties for a long time (ready-made solution - up to six months);
  • easily soluble in water;
  • more economical than other forms;
  • the presence of GUMI in the paste makes it also a full-fledged fertilizer.

Among the shortcomings, gardeners note the absence of a dispenser on the package, which creates inconveniences when obtaining a working solution from a paste.

Liquid Fitosporin has a lower concentration and a more gentle form. It is more often used in greenhouse floriculture and for the care of indoor plants.

Fitosporin comes in three versions: paste, powder and liquid

How does the remedy work

The action of Fitosporin is systemic: spreading through the vascular system of plants, its components work at the cellular level. The basis of the drug is hay bacillus (Bacillus subtilis), which has a suppressive effect on the causative agents of fungal and bacterial plant diseases. It is important to take into account that the bacteria of the hay bacillus are destroyed by exposure to sunlight, therefore, the processing of plants must be carried out in the absence of the sun.

Compared to chemical preparations, biofungicides are not toxic, they not only suppress infection, but also increase the immunity of plants.

When can the drug be used?

Fitosporin will be useful in the following cases:

  • pre-sowing soaking of seeds, roots, plant bulbs;
  • spraying plants;
  • tillage during digging;
  • compost processing;
  • spraying indoor plants - both prophylactic and therapeutic;

    Fitosporin-M is used for prophylactic and therapeutic spraying of indoor plants

  • spraying fruits, vegetables, tubers before storing.

What Fitosporin fights with

Fitosporin successfully fights more than two dozen bacterial and fungal diseases in plants. The most serious of them are:

  • late blight,
  • powdery mildew,
  • root rot,
  • scab,
  • blackleg,
  • brown rust,
  • septoria,
  • seed mold,
  • wet rot of potato tubers.

Fitosporin has established itself as an effective means of combating late blight

Use of Fitosporin for different purposes

The package with the drug contains detailed instructions for its use for various purposes.

Table: instructions for the use of Fitosporin in different forms

Fitosporin formPurpose of application Dosage Mode of application
Fitosporin-M powderRoot and bulb processing10 g / 500 ml waterSpraying
Soaking seeds before planting1.5 g (0.5 teaspoon / 1 L of water)Soak for 2 hours
Soaking roots to prevent and treat rot, before planting10 g / 5 waterSoaking for 2 hours, then the solution can be spilled into the soil as watering
Prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases
  • Potatoes - 10 g / 5 l of water,
  • cabbage - 6 g / 10 l of water, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants - 5 g / 10 l of water,
  • cucumbers - 10 g / 5 l of water
Spraying on a leaf
Prevention and treatment of indoor and garden flowers
  • 1.5 g / 2 l of water (prevention)
  • 1.5 g / 1 l of water (treatment)
Spraying
Greenhouse and soil preparation before planting seedlings5 g / 10 l of waterSpraying a week before planting
Fitosporin-M pasteSoaking seeds before planting2 drops of concentrated solution / half a glass of waterStanding for 2 hours
Treatment of tubers and bulbs before planting or storage3 tablespoons of concentrate / glass of waterSpraying
Rooting cuttings4 drops of concentrated solution / glass of waterSpraying
Prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases of vegetables, berries, fruit trees3 teaspoons of concentrate / 10 l of water or 4 drops / 200 ml of waterSpraying on a leaf
Houseplant processing10 drops / 1 liter of water 15 drops / 1 liter of waterWatering in pots
Fitosporin-M liquidThis is a ready-to-use solution. The method of application is the same for different purposes10 drops / 1 glass of water (200 ml)Spraying on a leaf, spraying before storage, soaking seeds, rooting cuttings

Video: preparation of Fitosporin solution, use, storage

How to get the working solution correctly

To obtain a concentrated solution from a paste or powder, you need to dilute the drug in water, following the instructions in the instructions. The water should not be chlorinated, as chlorine will have a detrimental effect on beneficial bacteria. Do not use metal dishes to receive and store the solution. The ambient temperature should not be below +15 aboutС, and the temperature of the water for the solution is not higher than +35 aboutC. All this is necessary so that beneficial bacteria do not lose their activity.

The bottle with the concentrate obtained from the paste is kept closed and diluted with water, as the gardeners say, "to the color of a sleeping tea" if processing is necessary. Thus, the product is used very sparingly. One packet of pasta can be enough for a summer resident for the whole season.

To activate beneficial bacteria, you need to dilute the powder or paste in chlorine-free water.

It is necessary to prepare a working solution for spraying from a concentrate at least 1-2 hours before using it.

If the solution is being prepared for spraying, you can add liquid soap to it for better adhesion (at the rate of 1 ml / 10 L of water).

Treatment rules and precautions

Although the drug is considered one of the safest, safety precautions are still required during treatments. When spraying, use protective gloves, and a protective mask or goggles will not interfere. If the drug gets on mucous membranes (for example, in the eyes), rinse them with plenty of water. If Fitosporin gets inside, you will have to drink several glasses of clean water and then induce a gag reflex.

It is advisable to carry out the treatment of plants with Phytosporin with gloves.

Treatment rates depending on the problem being solved

To achieve the effect, the treatment of plants with Fitosporin-M is carried out at regular intervals, depending on the type of crop and the problem.

Table: frequency of treatments depending on the problem

Purpose of processingPeriodicity
Treatment of seeds, cuttings, tubers soakingDisposable
Prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseasesRepeated with an interval of one and a half to two weeks
Spraying trees and shrubs from scab
  • The first time - during the period of leaf reversal;
  • the second - when a small ovary is formed

Multiple encounters with late blight in tomatoes forced me to look for an effective remedy against this disease. Fitosporin became it. I start helping future plants already at the stage of soaking the seeds before planting. Then I process the beds in the greenhouse with Fitosporin, periodically spray the adult bushes. As a result, they look stronger, the fruits do not turn black from late blight.

Fitosporin is more convenient for me to take in the form of a paste. After preparing a working concentrated solution, I let it stand in a warm place for about a day. In order for the bacteria to become active, the soil in the greenhouse must be shed with a solution of Fitosporin in advance, three to four days before the seedlings are planted.

Reviews about Fitosporin

Reviews in connection with the experience of using Fitosporin on the forums are quite common. There are also negative ones, but positive ones still prevail.

Positive feedback about Fitosporin "Reanimator"

Successful application in floriculture

Of course, Fitosporin in all its forms is not a panacea, but if you like the principle of action of biological agents for combating plant diseases, feel free to purchase and use them for the benefit of your plantings. After all, Fitosporin is one of the biofungicides most beloved by our gardeners.

[Votes: 5 Average: 4.6]


The fungicidal preparation Fitosporin is produced at the BashInkom enterprise located in the city of Ufa. Fitosporin belongs to the class of bacterial fungicides and biological pesticides.

Forms of release of this substance:

    powdery (one gram contains about 2 billion spores, or living cells and spores), the drug is packaged in small bags of 10 and 30 g each. 1 teaspoon contains about 3.5 g of powdery preparation

pasta (the title contains:living cells and spores - 100 million), one sachet contains 1 flat cake weighing 200 g

  • aqueous suspension (titer - 1 billion live cells and spores).
  • Photo of the drug Fitosporin

    This drug can be used as follows:

      as a universal one, such a fungicide can be used to treat any vegetable and horticultural crops

  • the composition contains specific minerals required by certain vegetable crops.

  • What is Fitosporin

    This drug appeared thanks to the employees of the BashInkom enterprise, who studied the peculiarities of cotton cultivation. When some of the plants fell ill with late blight, and the other remained intact, they began to collect and study healthy plantings. In this way, they managed to obtain several strains, on the basis of which Fitosporin was developed. It is based on the endorphic Bacillussubtilus 26D strain.

    Fitosporin is considered to be a systemic drug. This means that it is able to seep through the pores on the leaves and stem, get inside the plant and spread to all its vegetative parts. High efficiency is achieved due to the vigorous activity of the hay bacillus, which suppresses the activity of harmful bacteria and fungi.

    This drug has no particular preference for temperature conditions, the range of its action is very wide. It works equally well and stays at both -50 ° C and +40 ° C. Even if it freezes, after thawing it will not lose its benefits and will continue to fight against harmful microorganisms. The paste additionally contains GUMI, thanks to which it can be successfully used for treating the roots, for spraying it is better to take the classic version of the drug.

    Regardless of whether you are just going to plant seedlings or are already preparing to harvest the first crop, Fitosporin can be used safely. The manufacturer guarantees gardeners complete safety of use, even if the harvest is due the next day.

    Note! Fitosporin is a fungicide formulated to fight fungi and bacteria. Insecticides should be used against aphids and other pests, in particular, Inta-Vir, Aktaru, Decis, Confidor, Alatar, etc.

    True, the drug still has flaws. The fact is that all the strains in the composition cannot survive when exposed to direct sunlight and instantly die.

    Therefore, any work using Fitosporin should be carried out only on a day with low solar activity, and it is best to do this when the evening sun goes down. Despite the safety of the additive, processed cucumbers must be thoroughly washed with hot water before eating or pickling or pickling.

    The manufacturer of the drug offers gardeners several basic forms of Fitosporin release:

    View Specificity Shelf life after opening The cost
    Gray-white fine powder. Package weight is 10 or 30 g Must be dissolved in water beforehand 4 years RUB 15 for 10 g
    A brown oily paste with a dense consistency For better dissolution, it is recommended to first prepare a 1: 2 stock solution 4 years RUB 80 for 200 g
    Ready liquid substrate Convenient to use, has a lightweight action 6 months About 50 rubles. for 110 ml

    Fitosporin-M, produced in the form of a solution, has a pungent unpleasant odor of ammonia. But after breeding it disappears. Powder and paste are not characterized by foreign odors.

    Structure

    The main active ingredient of the supplement is hay bacillus (strain 26D). It begins its work immediately after it enters the soil, it is well preserved both in subzero temperatures and in heat up to +40 ° C. The main condition is to avoid direct sunlight after processing.

    If the environmental conditions are not the most favorable, then the bacillus quickly turns into a spore state, in which it can remain until the return of comfortable weather and is activated when moisture enters the soil.

    Fitosporin-M contains a number of auxiliary components:

    • Humic acids (GUMI, in paste) - guard the immune system in case of temperature changes, changes in humidity levels and other unpredictable garden troubles, nourish and saturate the roots of cucumbers, as they contain potassium, sodium, nitrogen and phosphorus.
    • A piece of chalk.
    • Boron, zinc, manganese and copper.


    Varieties

    In garden centers there are several types of "Fitosporin", the active substance they have the same. The most popular is Fitosporin-M, whose properties are enhanced by the addition of Gumi. There is "Fitosporin-K Olympic".Fungicides differ in their insignificant content of additional components.

    "Fitosporin-M" is produced in the form of:

    • powder of gray-white color, packaged in 10 and 30 g (disadvantage - the need for preliminary dilution in water)
    • pastes of dense mass, brown tint, in a package weighing 10-20 g
    • liquids - a ready-made substrate, facilitated action on fruits.

    Fitosporin-M, produced in the form of powder or paste, is odorless. A liquid solution of the product emits a pungent smell of ammonia, which disappears when diluted with water.


    How to use Fitosporin M for indoor plants

    All plant parts can be treated with phytosporin. For preventive purposes, 1.5 g of the mother liquor are diluted in a glass of warm water. It is useful to hold the bulbs, tubers and seeds of houseplants for two hours.

    For violets

    Indoor plants of violets are processed year-round. Moreover, processing can be carried out in different ways:

    1. Disinfection of seeds - soak for 2 hours before sowing. Seed germination increases.
    2. Spraying - prophylactic from 4 drops of 0.2 liters a couple of times a month or therapeutic from a double dose of at least 6 treatments per month.
    3. Dipping the root during transplanting - after processing, transplanting, the rest of the solution is poured under the root. Helps get rid of rot.
    4. Disinfection of soil in a pot - 4 drops per half liter of water. It is advisable to water the solution monthly.

    When spraying, the leaves are treated from above and below. You can process the flower itself, which will only increase the flowering duration.

    For orchids

    The orchid is treated like other plants, observing the dosage. They cultivate the soil, soak the seeds or cuttings, spray the flowers during the growing season. Blooming flowers are not treated with phytosporin. The paste concentrate can damage the delicate petals, leaving a burn. The drug is used mainly for prophylaxis; for therapy, some sources advise increasing the dosage, but judging by the reviews, this method has no effect.


    How to apply on the site

    Since compatibility is strictly prohibited, the gardener is advised to follow the sequence of treatments. Indeed, in the spring, the garden is sprayed for diseases. Fertilizers (complex or urea) should not be forgotten either. Place of "Prophylactin" in the series of spring works:

    1. First, the plants are cut, the trunks are treated with garden whitewash.
    2. After - apply "Prophylactin".
    3. Fertilizers, spraying with antifungal treatment (Bordeaux mixture or its analogues) - the final stage.

    • Temperature +4 ° C and above.
    • The weather is cloudy, calm (the sun, wind provoke rapid drying of the crust, reduce the ability of the oily liquid to fill all pores, cracks, and penetrate under the bark).
    • The day is dry - the oil does not hold well on a wet surface. It should be at least 2 hours before the next rain so that the mixture does not wash off.

    Solution preparation technology

    The dosage is one: a bottle per bucket (10 liters). Algorithm for how to dilute the drug:

    • half the container is filled with water
    • pour in the amount of prophylactic insectoacaricide that will be required for the full volume
    • stir well
    • diluted with water to obtain the required volume
    • shake vigorously again.

    The time for the complete development of the solution is 6 hours.

    Consumption rates

    The number differs in type, age of culture:

    • fruit trees: young - from 1 l, large adults - up to 5 l
    • berry bushes and grapes: young growth - from 1 liter, overgrown age - up to 1.5 liters.

    Protection of decorative conifers (pines, thujas, junipers) or deciduous trees with "Prophylactin" is at the discretion of the gardener. Since there are no recommendations for these crops in the regulations, summer residents are guided by the same principle: large-sized ones - 5 liters each, undersized ones - 1-1.5 liters.

    Analogs

    Bearing in mind that the variants of the "Prophylactin" formula contain 1 or 2 DVs, including highly resistant FOS, you need to know what can replace the drug and what cannot.

    In order not to duplicate malathion in the season, drugs with malathion are excluded:

    • Fufanon (including Expert and Nova)
    • "Karbofot"
    • Aliot
    • Iskra M
    • "Anti-tick".

    Vaseline oil, as the only DV, is contained in "30 Plus", which is also used for early spring protection against pests. Following the link, the reader will learn the criteria by which two prophylactic insectoacaricides are compared.

    A few more words about the first processing - in the video:

    Safety

    A standard set - goggles, a respirator or a mask plus clothing covering the skin - will protect against accidental exposure to DV. A low hazard class does not mean harmlessness. This is especially true for malathion.

    The effect of the poison on cold and warm-blooded organisms is different. In humans and animals, the reaction to DV may not appear immediately. Contact requires:

    • remove the drug from the skin with a cloth soaked in alcohol or vodka, then rinse with a strong soda solution (3 tsp per glass of water)
    • rinse mucous membranes and nasopharynx.

    For those who have swallowed at least a few drops, the usual set of measures for poisoning is recommended: water, activated carbon, vomiting. And necessarily - the help of a doctor.

    Kosycheva Margarita, Tula

    I bought "Prophylactin" for the first time. At first I wanted to mix it with "Horus", because it also works at about this temperature (+3 ° C), but did not dare. Since there is no compatibility, experiments are canceled. But I was convinced: “Prophylactin” helps, that's for sure! The apple trees were neat and the cherry was good.

    Stolbov Kirill, Oryol region

    I save the Bordeaux garden from fungi - every year. The method is proven, I will not trade it for anything. But I had to test "Prophylactin" today. Neighborhood reviews seemed convincing. Indeed, a good remedy. And it's easy to breed. So I'll start the new spring with "Prophylactin".

    As already mentioned many times, the direct participants in the technical pin-up progress were verified in a timely manner.


    Safety rules when working with the drug

    Although Fitosporin is completely safe for humans, it is better to work with a freshly prepared solution in special protective clothing. Rubber or silicone gloves are welcome, and it is better to wear a respirator or at least a medical mask on your face. Safety glasses are also useful.

    It is better if your hands, feet and other parts of the body are covered with clothes during work, but if the product does get on the open skin, it must be rinsed with running water and the same should be done if it gets on the mucous membrane, in particular, in the eyes.

    For obvious reasons, the drug should not be tasted. It is imperative to make sure that the children do not do this, if there are any in the family. Do not dilute the drug in dishes that are used for food and if it so happened that it got inside, then it is better to immediately rinse the stomach with a manganese solution, drink activated charcoal or enterosgel, whichever is in your first-aid kit, and seek medical help from a doctor. After gardening, shower with soap and water.

    Which drug is better - powder, paste or drops, everyone decides for himself, because their effectiveness is the same, the differences are only in the features and ease of use. For some, powder is more suitable, for some for paste, but for others, they could not find anything else but drops.

    It is best to combine spraying with a growth stimulator - zircon in the amount of 1 ml per 10 liters of water. The drug is compatible with many chemical pesticides, mineral fertilizers, antibiotic agents. The main thing is not to combine it with alkaline solutions, and if humic acids are included in the product you bought, then you can refuse the additional use of a growth stimulator.

    If desired, you can find preparations for specific vegetables on sale, for example, tomatoes or cucumbers. Did you like the article? Hurry to share it with your friends on social networks!


    Watch the video: 4 main reasons of plant diseases, diagnose and control. IR FARM, hindiurdu


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