Fruit and berry plants
Irises can often be found in city flower beds and in areas near residential buildings. It is one of the most common and beloved perennials. Unpretentious, hardy, persistent, they delight the eye with magnificent flowers. Wild specimens are found in Europe, Asia and North America. Iris flowers can be compared with orchids in their decorativeness. They are collected in 1-7 pieces on a long peduncle.
The flower has six petals, three outer ones are curved outward, and three inner ones form a vault. Each of the flowers lives only a few days, but they bloom gradually, so the plant retains its beauty for up to three weeks. There are many varieties in a wide variety of colors. In the flower beds you can see yellow, yellow-purple, purple, burgundy-red ...
In total, more than 200 varieties of this plant are known, and the work of breeders from different countries to develop new varieties continues. Grow irises undersized (25-37 cm), medium-sized (37-70 cm) and tall (over 70 cm).
They bloom in May-June. They decorate the flower bed at a time when the tulips have already faded, and the roses have not yet blossomed. Iris will make a wonderful composition with peonies and other flowers, look great against the background of trees and shrubs. They can be landed with tape along the path. They are especially good against the background of a reservoir.
Flower care is simple. They are hardy and not damaged by pests. They thrive best in areas with light, nutritious soil, but can grow on any. They develop worst of all in swampy areas. In one place, without transplanting, iris can grow for more than five years. The place can be lit or slightly shaded. In deep shade, these flowers grow, but do not bloom.
Iris do not badly tolerate drought, even in very hot summers it is enough to water them well only once a week. Irises are propagated by segments of rhizomes. It is best to replant them at the end of August - September. Irises should be planted no deeper than 5 cm from the soil surface. Hybrid varieties need shelter for the winter.
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Categories: Garden Plants Flowering
SNOW IS STILL IN THE GARDEN, BUT THE SUN IS ALREADY BAKING IN SPRING, THAT THE FEET GO TO THE GARDEN AND THE HANDS ARE LOOKING FOR WORK. THE PEOPLE SAY: APRIL BEGINS WITH SNOW, AND ENDS WITH GREEN. HERE ARE WHAT WORKS SHOULD BE DONE DURING THIS DIFFICULT PERIOD, LET'S CONSIDER MORE
© Author: KSENIYA KRUGLOVA, candidate of biological sciences
Let's see: what's going on in the garden? In April (although sometimes even earlier), the snow gradually begins to settle, there are thawed patches and patches of bare land. First - at the very trunks of fruit trees, then - in near-trunk circles, on paths and paths. The crowns of trees feel this warmth first, then the roots of the plant gradually wake up from hibernation, emerge from the state of forced dormancy. After the awakening of the roots, the active life of the whole tree begins.
Irises have rhizomes on which roots grow, which have a cord-like or thread-like shape. There are one or several annual peduncles. Flat thin two-row leaf plates have a xiphoid shape, linear ones are rarely found. There is a thin layer of wax on their surface. They are collected at the base of the peduncle in a fan-shaped bundle, while the stem leaves are practically absent. As a rule, the flowers are single, but not very large inflorescences are found on such plants. They are, as a rule, fragrant and large in size, they are distinguished by a very unusual shape, as well as a bizarre color. So, the color can be of various color shades, as well as their very bizarre combinations. The flower has 6 petals, which are the perianth lobes. The outer lobes in the amount of 3 pieces are slightly turned downwards and have a color different from the upper lobes. The fused upper lobes resemble a tube in shape. Long bloom from May to July. 2 or 3 flowers bloom at the same time, and they do not fade within 1–5 days. The fruit is a three-nested capsule.
Seed, cut, cut or cut are the main methods for growing rosemary. The best and most successful option is to grow rosemary from seeds with the upcoming planting of seedlings in the ground. Before sowing, the seeds must be wrapped in damp gauze and kept for about a month. It is not recommended to allow the seeds to dry out or rot. As a safety net, seeds can be spread in groups and periodically turned over. The optimum temperature for seed germination is +12 - +22 ° С.
You can sow seeds in late February - early March. The sowing depth is 0.3-0.4 cm, since the seeds are small. The main thing is that you do not need to fill the soil with water, it should be moderately moist. You can just spray the crop. After a month, the matured plants can be planted in separate pots. After the last frost, the seedlings can be planted in the garden after 50 cm. If you plan to grow small bushes, then 10 cm between the plants will be enough.
When planting a plant in a garden, a mixture with river sand, fertile soil and peat in equal parts is added to the pit to the rosemary. Also, for each kg of the resulting mixture, add crushed chalk (1 tbsp. Spoon).
To propagate rosemary by cuttings, you need to cut off young twigs from the bush at the end of June. The length of the seedlings should be from 8 to 10 cm. At an angle of 45 °, the lower tips of the cuttings are planted in the ground to a depth of no more than 5 cm. The optimal spacing between the cuttings should be 10 cm. The branches root quickly and begin to grow actively. Propagating a shrub by layering, it is necessary to dig in the shoot of the plant. After flowering, the young plant is separated from the bush, transplanted and provided with the necessary care and watering.
It is very easy to care for a Heuchera. During the first year of the growing season, in the year of planting, the plant does not require additional feeding. After a year, heuchera needs to be fed with universal or complex fertilizers. Top dressing is carried out before and after flowering. It is recommended to reduce the fertilizer dosage twice as indicated on the package.
To avoid weeds and loosening the soil after each watering, mulch the planted heucheras with peat in the spring.
Heuchera usually blooms within two to three months from the beginning of summer. When it fades, you won't have to look after it too much. You just need to cut off the wilted flower stalks. Or wait until the seeds ripen in them for further propagation of heuchera by the seed method.
Heuchera usually winters in the garden. Do not prune yellow wilted leaves in the fall. Thanks to them, the roots of the plant are protected from severe frosts and winter weather.
Be sure to cover the plant with oak leaves in the fall. After wintering, in the spring, the shelters are removed, and last year's leaves are cut with a secateurs.
Heuchera care also consists in protecting it from harmful insects and various diseases. Usually, the planted heuchera bush is attacked by powdery mildew, rust, gray rot or spotting. Such diseases arise from an excess of fertilizers or stagnant water in the rhizomes of the plant. To protect the plant from powdery mildew, the bushes need to be treated with a fungicide. To combat rust and spotting, the plant is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquid twice every 30 days.
The use of Siberian iris in landscape design depends on the variety and color of the plant. Almost all varieties go well with conifers, ornamental shrubs.
Interesting options for using Siberian iris in landscape design:
Tall species with a classic blue-violet color and simple flower shape look great in the center of an island flower bed or in the background of a mixborder. For the foreground, varieties of Siberian iris with cupped, double inflorescences are more suitable.
Bright and sophisticated Siberian irises are often used to decorate a pond on a personal plot. Slender plants blend harmoniously with coastal plantations.
Siberian irises in garden design can be used to decorate large rockeries. In such cases, both a group planting and several individual plants planted as bright vertical accents will look spectacular.
Siberian iris is a beautiful and unpretentious plant that will decorate any garden area with bright and lush inflorescences. The flower is highly resistant to disease and adverse weather conditions. Caring for him will take a minimum of time. Subject to simple and light agricultural techniques, Siberian iris will become an excellent element of landscape design.
It is a warm and light-loving plant. It is especially important to water irises regularly and relatively abundantly during the period of bud formation. The rest of the time, watering should be done only when the surface of the soil near the rhizome is very dry.
If in the spring, before planting iris, you applied fertilizer to the soil, then during the whole season, as a rule, the plant will not need additional fertilizing. In the event that you still decide to apply fertilizers to the soil, then for this you should use potassium-phosphorus fertilizer in liquid form. It should be applied directly under the root during the period of intensive growth. It is forbidden to feed irises during the flowering period.
All season it will be necessary to remove weeds in a timely manner. You will have to get rid of the weeds manually. The fact is that the root system is located horizontally and very close to the soil surface. In this regard, when weeding with a hoe, it can be accidentally damaged. Although rare, loosening of the soil should be done. This procedure must be carried out with extreme caution, trying not to damage the roots. Experienced gardeners are advised to remove wilted flowers, as they can cause pests to settle on the plant.
The most spectacular and variegated varieties are most susceptible to various pests and diseases. In order to protect irises from diseases, it is imperative to adhere to all the rules of agricultural technology of the species. Also, be sure to observe how the plants are doing throughout the season. As soon as you notice that something is wrong with the irises, you should take the appropriate action. When a bush is infected with fusarium or other rot, you need to act very quickly. The infected plant must be dug up and destroyed. For preventive purposes, other bushes must be watered under the root and along the roots with a solution of foundation, which should be 2%. It is also recommended to treat the rhizomes with this tool before planting them in the soil. In this case, the risk of rot will be much lower. A solution of Bordeaux mixture (1%), which should be sprayed on foliage, can protect plants from a variety of spots.
Often, scoops settle on plants. They eat the base of the peduncles. After that, the peduncles turn yellow and dry out. Preventive measures should be taken at the very beginning of the growing season. To do this, you need to treat the plants 2 times with a solution of malofos (10%), while an interval of 7 days should be made between treatments. Gladiolus thrips can also settle. They lead to a violation of photosynthesis in the foliage, which is why it becomes brown and dies off. If the plant is infested with thrips, then its buds will be ugly and discolored. Thrips thrive best during the dry summer period. Such insects can be fought in the same way as with scoops with the help of karbofos; an infusion made from 400 g of makhorka, which should be kept for one and a half weeks, is also highly effective. Also, 40 g, crushed with a grater, laundry soap is added to it. Slugs can harm such plants. To get rid of them, it is necessary to put fresh burdock leaves or moistened rags in the aisles. When the slugs hide under them, you just have to collect them together with rags and destroy. If there are a lot of slugs, then in sunny weather, in the early morning or in the evening, metaldehyde, released in granules, should be distributed over the area, simply by scattering it. In this case, from 30 to 40 g of the substance should go per 1 square meter.
Brugmansia can be propagated in two ways: vegetative and by seeds (generative). If you decide to use the seed propagation method, then sowing the seeds should be done in January – March. To do this, fill a small box with a light soil mixture and insert the seeds into it 5–10 mm. When seeding is complete, moisten the substrate with a spray bottle. The top of the box is covered with transparent glass or film, then it is transferred to a warm (from 20 to 25 degrees) place with diffused bright lighting. The germination time depends on the freshness of the seed. So, seedlings can appear after both 10 and 50 days.