Red bird cherry is a rather rare culture in our country that is worth paying attention to. The plant will appeal to gardeners, lovers of landscape design and unusual culinary preparations. The medicinal properties of the fruit will be useful for many diseases or simply for the prevention of the body..
Red bird cherry is the popular name of the culture, which appeared due to the acquisition of purple leaves at the end of the growing season. In biology, the plant is called the Virginia bird cherry after the name of the state in the eastern United States, where it grows everywhere in the wild.... In Europe, the plant has been known since 1724.
The shrub (tree) became widespread in North America, which was facilitated by the massive felling of difficult forests by European settlers. The North American Indians used medicinal properties of fruits and bark, valuable qualities of wood.for which the plant has become an important part of everyday life. For cultivation in home gardening, bird cherry species with the best operational characteristics were selected.
The study of the chemical composition of the fruits and bark of red bird cherry is mainly carried out by US scientists, research data allow us to characterize useful substances.
The fruits of the red bird cherry contain:
The share of sugars accounts for 9-13%, and the volume of tannins is only 0.9-0.13%... These indicators differ significantly from the content of similar substances in the fruits of bird cherry (5% / 15%). Therefore, the fruits of the red cherry are much sweeter and do not have pronounced astringent properties.
The bark, buds, flowers, leaves and seeds of red bird cherry contain glucoside prunazine, which, splitting and binding with stomach enzymes, forms a poisonous substance - hydrocyanic acid. Poisoning occurs when a very large number of plant components are consumed, therefore it does not pose a serious danger to humans. But it can harm livestock, for which green leaves are attractive as fresh food.
Anthocyanins (7.57%) contained in red bird cherry are several times higher than other plant sources. Therefore, the plant is an excellent source of biologically active polyphenols, consisting of glycosides, which are found in many medicines.
Feature of anthocyanins - lack of synthesis in the human body. They are quickly destroyed and do not accumulate in the body, therefore they must be constantly supplied with food. The daily requirement of a healthy person is 200 mg, and of a patient 300 mg.
Anthocyanins are known for their antioxidant, sedative, bactericidal, and firming properties. therefore used in complex treatment and prevention:
Anthocyanins are found in many eye health supplements. Studies have shown that people who consistently take active polyphenols have sharper vision.
Chlorogenic acid (355.3 mg) is not often found in nature, it is mainly found in green coffee beans and loses an impressive part of its beneficial properties when roasted... This acid is primarily known for its fat burning properties, which are massively used by manufacturers of weight loss products. In addition, the substance has regulatory, tonic and antioxidant properties.
Benefits for the body:
Caffeic acid (181.1 mg) is carcinogenicby suppressing the development of cancer cells.
Feluric acid (194.3 mg) is known for its anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, sunscreen properties, further increases the bioavailability of vitamin E. This substance is often used in cosmetology., including in anti-aging, protective and brightening skin care products.
Tannins (1%) of red bird cherry fruits have P-vitamin properties... This is a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect on the intestinal mucosa, regulation of the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, intestinal motility improves, and the intensity of food absorption increases.
Tannins have a bacteriostatic (growth retarding) effect on many microorganisms, absorb (absorb) toxins.
Benefits for the body:
Tannins are destroyed by freezing, quickly bind to proteins of other products, not having time to reach the intestinal mucosa. Therefore, in order not to get harm from the fruits of the red bird cherry, they are consumed fresh and on an empty stomach..
The fruits of red currants are contraindicated for use in acute pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, increased acidity of the body and in the presence of individual intolerance to the components. This is a potential allergen that should not be consumed if the immune system is hypersensitive. Excessive intake of fruits in the body provokes intestinal obstruction.
The fruits of the red bird cherry are ideal for culinary preparations and a great opportunity to diversify the usual diet. They are eaten fresh, dried and in powder form.... Jams, compotes, tinctures and fillings for pies are prepared from the fruits of red bird cherry.
After full technical ripening, the fruits are harvested together with the stalks and dried in the oven, spreading them out on a baking sheet. Within an hour, the temperature is maintained within 35 ° -40 ° C, after which it is raised to 60 ° -80 ° C, periodically airing the oven... At the final stage, the temperature is lowered to a minimum. After drying, the stalks are removed, the fruits are placed in glass jars with tightly closed lids.
Red bird cherry flour can rightfully be considered a delicacy. It makes extraordinary desserts, pastries, jelly, sauces for hot dishes, flavoring additives for tinctures and compotes. This is a healthy and low-calorie (118.4 / 100g) product that will add new flavors and diversify any therapeutic diet.
One of the important components of flour is fiber, which gets into the product from the rind and bone during grinding. The indicator of this substance in the product is second only to whole grain flour. Therefore, flour from the fruits of red bird cherry is useful for losing weight or healthy eating.
To get flour dried fruit is ground in a coffee grinder or food processor with appropriate functions. Store the product in glass containers with a closed lid in a dark and cool place. Flour and dried fruits retain their beneficial properties for up to 2 years.
The leaves and bark of red bird cherry also have healing properties. They contain phytoncides and tannins. Therefore, they are used in folk medicine as part of decoctions and tinctures for the treatment of colds and bronchopulmonary diseases.
Despite the rather modest distribution of red bird cherry in gardening, home cooks have collected an interesting collection of recipes.
The washed fruits are blanched for 3-4 minutes. Water is measured by the number of prepared cans and the syrup is boiled. To do this, add sugar to the water and boil until complete dissolution (3-5 minutes). Fruits are poured with syrup and kept for 5 hours, having previously closed with a lid.
After that, the berries are distributed in sterilized jars, filling ¼ of the total. The syrup is put on fire and brought to a boil and the jars are poured to the top. The containers are rolled up with lids and turned upside down, wrapped in warm material and kept for 24 hours... After that, the compote can be removed to storage.
The prepared fruits of the red bird cherry are covered with sugar and kept for 10 hours... After that, the released juice is drained and brought to a boil. Fruits are poured with hot juice and cooked until tender. Readiness is determined by the consistency of the syrup... To do this, you need to drip a little jam on a cold dish. If it keeps its shape well and does not spread, the jam is ready.
The flour is diluted in 0.5 liters of boiling water and stirred until the lumps are completely eliminated.... The mixture, starch and honey are added to 1 liter of boiling water. Bring to a boil again and remove from the stove.
The washed fruits are blanched with added sugar (7 minutes) and milled. The dough is rolled out and spread on a greased baking sheet. Lay the filling on top with a layer of 2 cm. Bake at a temperature of 200 °, on average after 30-40 minutes the pie will be ready... In winter, the filling can be made from dried fruit powder.
For the preparation of the tincture, the largest fruits are selected, sorted out and washed. The fruits are laid out in a glass container, covered with sugar and kept until juice is formed. After that, vodka is poured into the container, mixed and tightly closed with a lid. Insist at a temperature of + 22 ° С- + 25 ° С in a dark room for 20-25 days... After that, the drink is filtered through a gauze cloth and poured into bottles with dark glass. The tincture is perfectly stored for up to 1 year.
The beneficial properties of the fruits of red bird cherry are preserved during drying and other harvesting methods. This is a great opportunity to improve your health all year round. The fruits can be added to tea or brewed separately as a tonic drink... Red bird cherry goes well with strawberries, rose hips, sea buckthorn and all useful herbs.
The energy value of fresh bird cherry is about 100 kcal. Berries are notable for the fact that they do not contain fat. 100 g of the product contains 16-17 g of carbohydrates and 8 g of proteins. The rest of the berries are water.
There are few vitamins in bird cherry berries, but very large doses of some minerals. Fresh fruits are famous for their high cobalt content - 10,000 mcg per 100 grams of product. And this is provided that the human body needs only 10 micrograms per day.
Cobalt is essential for the normal functioning of the human liver and central nervous system. The mineral is involved in hematopoiesis, contributes to the normal growth of bones and muscles, and also has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract.
Unfortunately, high doses of cobalt are toxic, so the berries should not be overused.
Other minerals found in fresh bird cherry:
Fry the bread in olive oil on both sides, blot with a napkin and rub with garlic. Peel the avocado and cut into small cubes. Pour over the avocado pulp with lime juice, pepper, salt and mix well. Place the resulting mass on bread, put red caviar on top.
Cook the salmon broth for 30 minutes. Do not forget to pepper, salt and add bay leaves. Strain the broth through a sieve. Sauté chopped onion and garlic in olive oil and butter. When the mixture becomes clear, add the rice and fry for a few minutes. Then pour in half the wine and part of the broth. Stir continuously. After 20 minutes, the risotto will set. Add leftover wine and cheese five minutes before turning off the stove. Dip the shrimps in the pesto sauce and fry them quickly (one minute at a time) on both sides. Now serving. First place the rice, on top of it - the shrimps, and on top - the red caviar with parmesan.
Red currants are good for the body due to potassium, which prevents the accumulation of excess fluid in the tissues. As a result, the product has a beneficial effect. Therefore, berries can be used:
The combination of potassium and magnesium resists arrhythmias and spasms. In addition, currants have a beneficial effect on brain activity - it nourishes blood vessels with oxygen.
Red currants are also good for the body thanks to their iron. This component of the berries has an excellent effect on the synthesis of hemoglobin.
The product is necessary for the female body. During menstruation, a woman loses about 400 mg of a monthly dose of iron, while an adult should consume this substance in a volume of 20 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
The coumarins contained in the product help to thin the blood flow. Thanks to this component, berries help:
Red currants are very useful for the body of a person who has survived a surgical intervention. As a consequence, berries must be added to the patient's diet.
In addition, the product is useful for people who come into contact with heavy metals and live in an area where radiation is increased. Pectins, which remove hazardous substances from the body, have a beneficial effect.
The product has a beneficial effect on the function of the thyroid gland, since the composition contains iodine.
Tea made from the leaves helps to cure cystitis. Moreover, in the process of urination, harmful microorganisms are excreted.
The beneficial properties of red caviar are discovered without special research. People who use it are energetic, rarely get sick, have smooth skin, shiny hair and strong nails. In general, they are full of health.
But this ode of the health benefits of red caviar has some unpleasant and sometimes serious concerns. Not everything is so rosy.
First, the far-sighted Hippocrates said that everything is poison, and everything is a medicine, the whole question is in the dose. Therefore, with an excess of such useful vitamins and minerals, as well as simply with excessive consumption of any product, including red caviar, significant damage to the body can be caused. Red caviar can cause considerable harm.Let's say that only vitamin B12 in 100 grams of the product is twice as much as it should be for the daily requirement. Regular binge eating can cause pulmonary edema, anaphylactic shock, heart failure... Two, maximum three sandwiches (no more than 30 grams of caviar) - that's what an adult can afford.
Secondly, for long-term storage, caviar is salted, so the salt content in the product is very high. therefore the harm of red caviar is obvious for the "kidneys", that is, people suffering from various diseases of the kidneys, urinary system in general. Threats and "cores"... They should replace the delicacy with something else, less dangerous. Salt retains water, leads to the formation of edema, disruption of water exchange and metabolic processes.
Thirdly, the wonderful, easily digestible protein contained in red caviar is also capable of causing harm, and considerable. The fact is that such a protein is unusual for residents of the center and south of Russia, and therefore can cause severe allergic reactions up to the development of anaphylactic shock. And this is already a direct threat to life.
Counterfeit is very dangerous. Here, not only allergy sufferers, but also healthy people are in danger. Especially insidious are preservatives that can be used in canning. The most creepy is urotropine (E239), which was banned back in 2009. But who and when did the prohibitions stop? If caviar is clandestinely produced, it can be dangerous. Liver and kidneys fail, vision is lost, cancer can develop.
There are also cases of individual intolerance to caviar. Symptoms are similar to allergies, and may manifest as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and skin rashes.
Useful substances are found in all parts of the plant. For the preparation of traditional medicine, fresh fruits and leaves are used. On the basis of a medicinal plant, decoctions, tinctures, berry juice and infusion are made. Each recipe implies compliance with the dosage of the constituent components and a step-by-step cooking algorithm. Most often, the funds received are taken orally. In some cases, they are applied to problem areas of the skin surface.
The healing properties of red rowan juice allow you to use it for rinsing the mouth. It improves the condition of the gums and relieves them of bleeding. Internal intake of juice normalizes digestion and restores salt metabolism. The juice is prepared according to the following recipe:
A more convenient alternative to juicing is to use a juicer. A folk remedy will be more useful if the pulp is not separated from it. Doctors advise taking inside not only pasteurized, but also fresh juice. Therefore, a certain amount of the product must be left in the refrigerator.
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If you decide to use for yourself viburnum, then first consult with a specialist.
In addition to viburnum, there are other useful berries, fruits and vegetables that help with various diseases. For example, cranberries. If you are wondering how to boost immunity and protect the body, watch this video: