Hungarian plum - popular varieties


There are a great many varieties of plum in the world. In our country, the most common Russian and home. The latter has several subspecies, one of which is Hungarian. The varieties of this group of plums are distinguished by their wonderful taste, large and beautiful fruits, from which the world-famous prunes are obtained.

Hungarian plum - distinctive features and general properties of varieties

Hungarian plum is a kind of home plum, widespread in European countries. It owes its name to the country of Hungary, from where it came to Russia in 1900. Cultivated throughout the European part of the country, except for the northern regions with severe winters. There are many varieties of Hungarian, but there are general properties inherent in this subspecies.

In Hungary, the plum grows everywhere, especially along the roads. It turns out that when people came to the priest to repent of their sins, he gave them a plum sapling and a shovel. Free lands were only by the road, and sinners planted trees there. There were enough transgressions, hence the abundance of plum trees in this country.

Hungarian branches bend under the weight of a bountiful harvest

The trees of the Hungarians are spreading. Their height is average, up to 5-6 meters. It is possible to shape the crown so that the height of the plum does not exceed 3-4 meters. Hungarians begin to harvest early, some bloom as early as 2-3 years from the moment of planting. They live for a long time, they can reproduce up to 30 years. They behave aggressively, giving abundant root shoots.

Hungarians are self-fertile, with late flowering and ripening of the crop, which ripens from late August to October, depending on the species. But if there is a home plum in the neighborhood, the fruit setting will increase many times over. The branches do not always withstand an abundance of fruits and may break. Props required. From a tree, as a rule, they collect from 30 kg of fruits, and in some varieties, up to 150 kg. There is no periodicity in fruiting.

Fruits of Hungarians are oblong, dark lilac or purple in color of various shades with a strong waxy coating. Some varieties are greenish. Large, up to 6 cm long and 4–5 cm wide. The bone is small, easily detached. Plums break easily into halves at the seam. The pulp is dense, juicy, aromatic. In many varieties, the fruits do not crack at high humidity. Due to the unique content of dry substances, pectins, prunes are obtained from them. This is the only subtype of plums from which this product can be obtained. Sugar in plums up to 15%. In addition to eating fresh and drying, you can make compotes and various preparations from Hungarians. Types are divided into dining and technical. The latter are usually grown in industrial horticulture. The harvest ripens in late August - early September. Hungarian women are also good because ripe fruits can hang on trees for a long time without crumbling.

In Hungary, plums of this variety were kept on trees until they wither in the sun and dried out. And then they collected the ready-made prunes.

The transportability of the fruit is as excellent as the keeping quality. Fruits, taken from the tree unripe, gain flavor and sweetness during storage. At low above zero temperatures, they can be stored for 3-4 weeks without damage.

Winter hardiness in Hungarians, except for some specially bred varieties, is average, but the trees quickly recover after freezing. This species is mainly cultivated in the southern regions of the country.

Most of the representatives of this species are resistant to rot, fungal and bacterial diseases of stone fruits. The larger the fruit, the greater the likelihood of disease and pest damage.

The most famous varieties of plum - video

Among hundreds of varieties of plums, only Hungarian fruits are suitable for making prunes, due to the special chemical composition of the pulp. It contains little water, about 20% dry matter in the form of pectins, 15% sugar. Acids in fruits are less than 1%. The finished prunes contain more than 60% sweetness and a full range of vitamins and minerals. This product heals the stomach, liver, helps with vitamin deficiency, lowers blood pressure in case of hypertension. But for overweight people and diabetics, this delicacy is contraindicated due to the high glucose content and 231 kcal of energy in 100 g of the delicacy.

The most famous varieties of plum, description, distinctive properties

Moscow (Tsaritsyn)

It appeared in Russia after the Great Patriotic War, specifically, for cultivation in the Moscow region. Included in the State Register of Varieties in 1947. It also has another common name - Tsaritsynskaya. It grows successfully in all regions with a temperate climate. Hungarian Moscow medium height, with a spherical dense crown. Plums are purple in color, with yellow pulp, weighing up to 30 g. Fruits are sweet and sour. Taste rating - 4.0 points. They make excellent compotes and jams, but they are also good fresh. Trees are distinguished by their unpretentiousness, winter hardiness, the ability to quickly recover even after harsh winters. Self-fertile Hungarian is an excellent pollinator for many varieties of domestic plum.

Ripe fruits of the Hungarian Moscow look appetizing

Belarusian

Variety Vengerka Belorusskaya was bred in Belarus. It began to spread among gardeners in 2009. Adapted to the conditions of the North-West region of Russia. Differs in productivity, beautiful violet-blue fruits with bright yellow pulp of rather large size, weighing 35–45 g. The taste of the fruit is estimated at 4.3 points. Plum is famous for its unpretentious care, it winters well, not responding to sudden changes in temperature and frequent thaws. It rarely gets sick, it is almost not affected by pests.

Branch of the Hungarian Belarusian

Korneevskaya

The variety was created in the Volgograd region and entered into the State Register of Varieties of the Russian Federation in 2002. Distributed in the Volga region and the southern regions of our country. Plums are large, purple-brown with subcutaneous dark spots on the skin. The pulp is yellow, juicy, sweet-sour taste, which is estimated at 4.3 points. It differs in the shape of the bone, it is special, oblong, saber-shaped. The variety was created specifically for arid regions with a sharply continental climate, therefore, the advantages include drought resistance, frost resistance, immunity to many diseases.

Disadvantages of the variety:

  • Acute angles of origin of skeletal branches.
  • The relative fragility of trees is 12-15 years.
  • Flower buds are not hardy enough.

Branches under the weight of fruits in Hungarian Korneevskaya often break

Italian

The variety was bred in the late 50s in the mountainous regions of Italy. Distributed throughout the world. In Russia, it is cultivated on the Black Sea coast. Especially fertile in the subtropical environs of Sochi. The Italian Hungarian woman has tall trees, up to 6 m. Plums are black-purple, weighing up to 45 g and more. Tasters all over the world rate the taste with the highest score - 5. The saber-shaped bone in the fruit is small. The highest quality prunes are obtained from Italian Hungarian. The yield is high and stable, reaching 50 kg per tree. Cases of collecting 200 kg of fruits per season have been reported.

Disadvantages of the variety:

  • Demanding soil and air moisture. Ovaries fall in heat and drought.
  • Does not tolerate frosty winters.
  • Preventive treatments for fungal diseases and pests are required.

The fruits of the Hungarian Italian can weigh up to 45 g

Pulkovskaya

The variety was entered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1959 for the Leningrad Region and adjacent regions. Folk selection. The name was given to the village of Pulkovo, from where it began to spread. People call the Hungarian Pulkovskaya Zimovka, Pokrovka, Red winter.It grows as a tall tree up to 5–8 m, with a lush crown. Plums are reddish-purple, medium-sized, weighing 20–25 g. The yellow pulp has a sweet and sour taste, which is estimated at 4 points. The variety is more technical, but you can eat the fruits fresh. Winters well in difficult conditions of the North-West region, quickly recovers when freezing.

Disadvantages of the variety:

  • Fruits are prone to pockets.
  • There is no immunity to fungal diseases of stone fruits, requires preventive treatments.
  • Fruits crack and rot in high humidity.
  • When the temperature drops in winter, flower buds are damaged.

Hungarian Pulkovskaya always gives consistently high yields

Amazing

Late variety. It was bred in Ukraine, where it became widespread. It is rare in Russia, bears fruit only in the southern regions.

Self-infertile. Required next to a homemade plum with the same late flowering as the Amazing. Fruits are medium-sized, bluish-brown, with green pulp, drop-shaped, weight 20–28 g. The stone is oblong, flat, sharp. Advantages: wonderful taste, sweet-sourish, refreshing, aromatic. Tasting score 5 points. Not afraid of drought.

Disadvantages of the variety:

The vegetation is stretched, the tree does not always leave completely prepared in winter, freezes with sudden changes from thaw to severe frosts.

The fruits of the Hungarian Amazing have an amazing taste

Donetsk

Variety Vengerka Donetskaya was created in Ukraine in the Donetsk region in 1951 for cultivation in arid steppe regions. He was twice awarded gold medals at international exhibitions in Erfurt (Germany) in 1977 and 1988 as the best technical grade. Plums are brown-violet, oval, small, weighing 25-30 g. Subcutaneous points are hardly distinguishable under a dense peel. An oblong small bone has a saber shape. The yellow pulp is sweet and sour, tart, its refreshing taste is estimated at only 3.5 points. But the workpieces from plums of this sort are beyond praise. The harvest ripens at the beginning of August and is mainly processed. The value of this variety lies in its stable high yield and unpretentiousness. Trees are not affected by diseases and pests.

Disadvantages of the variety

  • Skeletal branches are located at an acute angle to the trunk, which, with a significant crop load, threatens to break off.
  • Fragility of trees, life span 12-15 years.
  • Flower buds are often damaged by temperature changes.

The fruits of the Hungarian Donetsk are suitable for all types of processing

Donetsk early

The variety was created in 1951 in Donetsk. Among Hungarian women, it stands apart, having many unique properties.Without proximity to any variety of plum, the home crop does not tie. The early plums of Donetskaya Hungarian are large, greenish-blue, oval, weighing up to 30 g. The stone is separated with some difficulty. The pulp is yellow-green, sweet, aromatic. Taste score - 5 points. Donetsk early is considered by experts to be one of the most delicious varieties of plums. The crop ripens early, in mid-August. It is best to consume these plums fresh, but the preparations from them are excellent, especially the juice. Drought resistance of trees is high. They rarely get sick, are not affected by pests.

Disadvantages of the variety:

  • An acute angle of branching from the trunk, which, when loaded with a crop, threatens with death.
  • Fruit color is not very appetizing.
  • Early prunes are not made from Hungarian Donetskaya.
  • Flower buds freeze slightly with a sharp change in temperature in winter.

The fruits of the early Hungarian Donetskaya are very tasty, but not very attractive in appearance

Voronezh

Variety Vengerka Voronezhskaya in Voronezh by a group of authors in the early 50s of the last century for cultivation in the Non-Black Earth Region and the southern regions of the country.

Yields only when paired with another variety of homemade plums. Large, brown-blue fruits with olive-green flesh are tear-shaped. They weigh up to 35 g. The taste of this variety's plums is sweet and sour, estimated at 5 points.Trees are unpretentious to care for, rarely get sick and are not affected by pests. A late-ripening variety that is harvested in the second half of September. The fruits are eaten fresh, various preparations are made. It tolerates winters with thaws and short, severe frosts well.

Disadvantages of the variety: With the early onset of cold weather, the fruits do not have time to fully ripen.

An excellent prune is obtained from Hungarian Voronezh

Michurinskaya

Hungarian Michurinskaya was created by I.V. Michurin at the beginning of the last century to spread this type of plum to the northern regions of the country. Prior to this, Hungarian women were cultivated only in the south. By crossing the resulting variety with others, other varieties of Hungarian women were obtained, adapted to the difficult climate of the north-west of Russia. To obtain a harvest, the Hungarian Michurinskaya needs proximity to other varieties of home plum. Its fruits are large, dark blue, oval with a neck, weighing up to 30 g. The stone is hardly separated from the bright green pulp. Its taste is excellent, sweet and sour, aromatic. It is estimated at 5 points. The trees are winter-hardy, immune to disease, and do not suffer from pests. It winters well in conditions of frequent temperature changes from thaw to frost and vice versa. The drought resistance of the Hungarian Michurinskaya is low; in arid regions it requires irrigation.

Disadvantages of the variety:

  • Branches from the trunk branch off at an acute angle, which, when loaded with fruits, can lead to their breaking off.
  • Demanding on moisture.

The fruits of the Hungarian Michurinskaya are capable of hanging on the branches for a long time after ripening without losing their properties

Bogatyrskaya

Hungarian Bogatyrskaya comes from the Volga region. The father and son Korneevs, the authors of several Hungarian women, bred the variety. It was entered in the State Register in 1987, but did not receive wide distribution in other areas. Mainly grown in the Volgograd region. The tree near Bogatyrskaya is about 4 m in height, with an interesting, elliptical crown. Ink-violet plums, oval, weighing up to 30 g. The taste of greenish-yellow pulp is sweet and sour, estimated at 4.5 points. A feature is a gradual increase in yield from year to year. It is possible to collect up to 70 kg of plums from a five-year-old tree. The variety is adapted to the arid, sharply continental climate of the lower Volga region. Trees rarely get sick and are not affected by pests.

Harvest branches of Hungarian Bogatyrskaya

Common (Ugorka)

It has been cultivated since the 18th century, brought from Hungary, hence the name Hungarian or Ugorka (in Ukrainian, Hungary - Ugorshchina). In Russia, it can grow only in the southern regions. The tree is up to 6 - 10 m high, with a spreading crown. Late-fruiting, the first harvest from the moment of planting is tied only for 7 years. Plums are black-purple, oval, weighing up to 45 g. The taste of greenish pulp is sweet and sour. Estimated at 4.3 points. The variety is fruitful. In some years, 150 kg of fruit can be harvested from an adult tree. The fruits are eaten fresh, dried, and preparations are made for the winter.

Disadvantages:

  • Drought intolerant.
  • In the heat, it drops the ovaries.
  • Low frost resistance.
  • In a damp summer, the fruits crack and rot.

Tall trees of the Hungarian Ordinary are striking in their productivity

Dubovskaya

The late-ripening variety was bred at the Dubovsky support point of the Nizhnevolzhsky Research Institute of Agriculture. It was entered into the State Register of Varieties in 1987. It is cultivated mainly in the Volgograd Region.

Fruits are large, inky-purple, with greenish pulp, one-dimensional, oval with a neck, weight 25–30 g. The stone is medium, oblong, it is difficult to separate from the pulp. The taste is sweet and sour, aromatic. Tasting score 4.0 points. Used as a technical grade for processing.

The fruits of the Hungarian Dubovskaya are inky purple

Pear-shaped

The variety was bred by the famous breeder E.P. Finaev at the Kuibyshev Experimental Station in the 70s of the last century. It did not receive much distribution in other regions. Found in the Samara region.In the south of Siberia it is cultivated under the name of the late pear-shaped Hungarian. The pear-shaped Hungarian tree is tall, up to 5 m with a pyramidal crown. Plums are red-violet, oval-pear-shaped, weighing up to 35 g. Near the stalk, they have a characteristic influx of this variety. The bone is saber-shaped. The taste of the yellow pulp is sweet-sour, spicy, estimated at 4.4 points. Plum is adapted to the sharply continental climate of the Volga region and the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. It easily tolerates drought and severe frosts. Trees do not get sick, are not affected by pests.

disadvantages

  • Fruits crack at high humidity.
  • The winter hardiness of wood is higher than that of flower buds, which can freeze under sudden temperature changes.

Hungarian Piriformis has very beautiful and tasty fruits

Features of planting plum home Hungarian

It is best to plant Hungarian in late August - early September. Trees take root worse in spring. Since Hungarian trees are tall, the distance between them should be at least 5-6 meters. It is advisable to plant several varieties of the same species at once with simultaneous flowering for better pollination. It is necessary to take into account the property of the Hungarian to give a strong root growth. The neighbors of young trees should not be berry bushes that can be damaged by sprouting plum shoots.

Otherwise, planting trees in this group is no different from working with other types and varieties of plums.

Planting a plum tree in autumn

Caring for Vengerka plum trees

The main components of caring for Hungarians do not differ from caring for other varieties of plum trees. It:

  • Treatment in early spring immediately after the snow melts with 3% Bordeaux liquid for the prevention of fungal diseases.
  • Pruning.
  • Shallow digging of the trunk circle in order to remove pest larvae and mulching the soil.
  • Spraying during the budding period with Fitoverm (according to the instructions for the preparation) from damage by harmful insects.
  • Top dressing.
  • Watering.
  • Whitewashing of tree trunks and skeletal branches in late autumn.

Top dressing of plums in spring

Gardeners reviews

Among the variety of Hungarian varieties in any region of our country, it is easy to choose the one that will take root and will yield a harvest. Gardeners note the unpretentiousness, excellent taste and the ability of the fruit to remain on the tree for a long time after ripening, which is very important for summer residents who periodically visit their plots. The ancient type of southerner plum is slowly spreading further and further to the North, settling not only in the European part of the country, but also in the vastness of Siberia.


Hungarian Moscow plum variety

Plums, which have the name "Hungarian", represent an extensive varietal group of domestic plums. They are characterized by an elongated shape of the fruit, a dark color with a bluish bloom, an easily removable stone and dense flesh. The peculiarity of these varieties is that only from them can prunes be prepared.

The group of Hungarians includes the following plum varieties: Hungarian ordinary, Hungarian Azhanskaya, Kuban legend, Hungarian Italian, Golden Drop, Ballada, Hungarian Caucasian, Hungarian Kozievskaya, Hungarian Moscow ".

Plum "Vengerka Moskovskaya" receives the best reviews from gardeners, due to its high yield, resistance to sudden changes in weather and various diseases.

Plum "Hungarian Moscow" - description of the variety

The tree has an average height of 3 meters. The plant is characterized by a dense spherical crown and medium-sized elongated leaves. The fruits have an oval-round shape, average size and weight about 20 g. The skin of the plums is purple-blue and has a waxy coating. The flesh of the fruit is yellow-amber in color, very firm and juicy. The stone is oblong-oval in shape. The fruit tastes sweet and sour. In the first year of life, the tree grows rapidly.

The plum variety "Vengerka Moskovskaya" bears fruit on a one-year growth and on bouquet branches.It does not differ in early maturity; at least 8 years must pass from the moment of planting before the fruits appear. But then the yield will increase every year. From one mature tree it will be possible to get 20-30 kg of plums.

The plant is resistant to cold and perfectly tolerates winters. For good fruiting, the plum needs sunlight, so a well-lit place for planting it should be chosen. The presence of shade can cause the lack of fruit. Another prerequisite for normal growth is regular, abundant hydration.

Pollination of the "Hungarian Moscow"

Plum "Vengerka Moskovskaya" belongs to self-fertile varieties and can give a regular good harvest, pollinating on its own. But all gardeners know the fact that in the presence of pollinating varieties, fruiting occurs better even in self-fertile varieties.

The best pollinator for the plum "Vengerka Moskovskaya" can be called "Skorospelka red". Also, this function can be perfectly performed by the varieties of plums "Tula Black" and "Renklod kolkhozny".

Having planted "Vengerka Moskovskaya" on your site, you will always have a bountiful harvest, spending a minimum of effort.

Early varieties of plums are especially appreciated in regions with cool climates and short summers, because late-ripening fruits do not have time to ripen under such conditions. Ideally, the tree should also be winter-hardy. These are the characteristics of the early Zarechnaya plum.

The bright sunny fruits of yellow plums always attract attention. And if you decide to plant a yellow-fruited plum in your garden, pay attention to the Morning variety - a high-yielding, self-fertile, ideal for both fresh consumption and processing.

The variety of Chinese plums has a good balance of yield and tree size. One of the self-fertile varieties of such plums most beloved by gardeners is the Red Ball. You can learn more about this variety from our article.

Many summer residents complain that there is not enough space in the garden to plant a full-fledged garden. In this case, columnar and dwarf plants can be an excellent option. For example, the Manchurian Beauty plum belongs to the latter. Read more about it in the article.


Hungarian plum: description of popular varieties, planting and care features + photos and videos

Hungarian is a semi-official name for a group of plum varieties that are mostly similar in appearance to their fruits. The culture is suitable for growing novice gardeners. The plant is distinguished by abundant yields and fruits of amazing taste, is relatively undemanding to care for and can adapt to a wide range of climatic conditions.

Characteristic features of the Hungarian plum

Hungarian plum - a popular garden culture all over the world

Biologists consider the historical homeland of the plum, which later received the name "Hungarian", Asia. It was from there that she began her triumphal march across the planet.

Russia (then the USSR) got acquainted with the culture rather late. The Hungarians "discovered" tasty plums for their neighbors in the socialist bloc. This is what explains the semi-official name, by which domestic gardeners mean varieties of plums that have blue-purple or reddish-purple fruits that resemble an ellipse pointed at both ends.

The fruits of the Hungarian plum are easy to distinguish from other plums.

Among other distinctive features of the group of varieties are high sugar content (13-16%), extremely dense pulp (up to 20% of dry matter), a side seam that stands out visually and to the touch, a solid layer of whitish or gray-gray bloom, yellowish pulp with greenish or reddish tint. Most "Hungarian plums" are self-fertile, bearing fruit regularly every year, giving high yields.

Only Hungarian women can make real prunes. This feature is associated with the correct ratio of sugar, fruit acids and pectin in fruits.By the way, the Hungarians were well aware of it back in the 19th century. They did not pick ripe plums from the tree, but waited for them to overripe and fall to the ground themselves, slightly withering, but retaining the benefits of fresh fruits.

Hungarian plum is the only possible raw material for making real prunes

An adult Hungarian plum tree is 5–6 m high, with an upwardly elongated crown in the form of an oval or pyramid. Shoots grow very often and have a characteristic reddish-brown color.

Plum Hungarian, due to its size, requires quite a lot of space in the garden.

The fruits are small. The maximum possible parameters are 5–6 cm in length and 4–5 cm in diameter. Plums are asymmetrical. If you divide them along the seam, one half will necessarily turn out to be larger than the other, slightly flattened. They divide quite easily, the bone is also freely separated from the pulp.

The average calorie content of Hungarians is 42 kcal per 100 g.

What is the reason for the people's love for the Hungarian plum? The trees are distinguished by high annual productivity, they tolerate prolonged droughts well. The fruits can be determined for long-term storage, the indicators of transportability are also at an altitude.

Not without some flaws. The main disadvantage is the lack of early maturity. You will remove the first fruits from the trees 6–8 years after planting the seedling in a permanent place. But this is more a problem with older varieties. Modern breeding hybrids begin to bear fruit faster.

Among other things, the Hungarian plum blooms very beautifully.

What a Hungarian plum looks like - video

Description of the most common varieties

Moscow

The variety of Hungarian Moskovskaya plum, also known as Tsaritsynskaya, is one of the oldest. It was bred by breeders in 1947 with the expectation of growing in the European part of Russia (specifically, for collective farms located within a radius of 25 km from Moscow). But, in principle, it is suitable for any regions with a temperate climate. A successful hybrid turned out largely by accident - as a result of spontaneous pollination of seedlings of the Hungarian Ordinary (or Home). Its main advantage is cold resistance. The tree tolerates temperatures up to -30 ºС well, it will not die and will recover if some part of the shoots still suffer from frost.

The fruits of the Hungarian Moskovskaya weigh on average about 20 g, some specimens reach 30 g. The rind is quite dense, but tender, covered with a bluish-purple bloom with a reddish tinge. The pulp is golden honey, harsh, but juicy. Quite a large number of asymmetric and otherwise deformed fruits are caught. The taste for a regionalized culture is not bad, there is sweetness, although, of course, one cannot compare with southern varieties. But the fruits are great for home canning, they tolerate transportation well.

Hungarian Moskovskaya, in comparison with the rest of the group, is a short tree, it rarely grows above 3–3.5 m. The crown is spreading, dense, almost regular spherical in shape.

You will have to wait a long time for the first harvest, but then the number of harvested plums steadily increases, reaching 40–45 kg. Fruits ripen en masse, in the second decade of September. If you pick unripe plums, they will perfectly "reach" at home. The fruits do not crack when the summer is cloudy, cold and rainy.

Despite the fact that the taste of the fruits cannot be called outstanding, gardeners throughout Russia love the Moscow Hungarian for stable annual fruiting, the ability to adapt to the vagaries of the weather, frost resistance and high resistance to the most common diseases of stone fruit trees.

The variety is self-fertile, but experienced gardeners recommend planting Red Skorospelka next to it to obtain the maximum possible yields.

Hungarian Moskovskaya is most often found on the sites of domestic gardeners

Belarusian

As the name suggests, this is a variety of Belarusian selection.The hybrid was obtained by cross-pollination of Delikatnaya and Stanley plum saplings quite recently - in 2009.

In height, the tree of the Belarusian Hungarian reaches 3.5–4 m, the crown is in the form of a wide ellipse, spreading, sparse.

Unlike most Hungarian women, the first Belarusian crop can be harvested within 3 years after planting. The culture is resistant to clasterosporium disease, tolerates frost well. The yield is consistently high - about 30 kg per mature tree. The variety is positioned by its creators as partially self-fertile. The best pollinators are Victoria, Crooman, Bluefri.

Large plums (35–40 g) with golden-orange flesh ripen in late summer or early autumn. They are quite beautiful - almost the same in size, even, bright blue with a thick bluish bloom. The taste is balanced - sweet, with a noticeable piquant sourness. The fruits are suitable for long-term storage, they tolerate transportation well.

Hungarian Belorusskaya is a new variety that is confidently gaining popularity

Korneevskaya

The variety is the result of cross-pollination of Volgogradskaya and Bogatyrskaya plum saplings. The tree is rather tall (4–5 m), with an elongated pyramid-shaped crown. At the base, it is wide, the branches hang down.

Korneevskaya got its name in honor of one of its creators - R.V. Korneev. LN Zhukova also took part in its creation. Both are breeders of the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture. The birthplace of the hybrid is its reference station Dubovskaya.

Be sure to take care of the props. Under the weight of the harvest, thin shoots may well break, although the culture does not differ in high yields. The maximum that can be obtained from a tree is 25–30 kg of plums.

You will remove the first fruits from the tree 3-4 years after planting the seedling in a permanent place. The variety is self-fertile, it does well without pollinators. Hungarian Korneevskaya well tolerates prolonged drought, heat, winter cold, without losing the quantity and quality of fruits, rarely suffers from diseases typical of stone fruits.

Plums ripen in the last decade of August. Fruits are large (30–35 g), almost all of the same size. The skin is dark, blue-lilac, sometimes a brownish tint is present. Small, almost imperceptible lighter dots are often found. The seam is also practically invisible. The pulp is very tasty, amber, juicy and fleshy. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and belong to the category of dessert.

The lifespan of the tree, in comparison with other Hungarians, is short - 18–20 years. Korneevskaya blooms in early May. The ripening time of the crop is highly dependent on the weather, stretching for almost a month - from mid-August to the end of the first decade of September.

The branches of the Hungarian Korneevskaya definitely need props

Italian

The homeland of the Italian Hungarian plum, as you might guess, is Italy. But not the warmest southern regions, but the north of the Apennine Peninsula, the alpine regions. Therefore, she is not as warm-loving and effeminate as it might seem at first glance. The variety is quite old, bred in the 50s of the XX century, but is still cultivated all over the world.

On the territory of Russia, the culture will bear fruit only in the Crimea, Krasnodar Territory, Rostov Region, Kuban, and other territories with a similar climate. Some enthusiasts are trying to grow it in the Kursk, Voronezh regions, even in the Urals district, but it is still chilly there in winter.

The tree is of medium height, about 4 m. The crown is wide, round (5–6 m in diameter). The branches hang down noticeably.

The fruits ripen quite late - by mid-September. Plums are large (32–35 g), the skin color is inky-violet, the presence of many lighter rounded spots of small diameter and a continuous layer of gray-white bloom is characteristic. The pulp is green-yellow, lime-colored, thickened near the stone. There are also separate scarlet veins. The aroma is weak.

Under proper conditions, the yield of Italian Hungarian is very high - 50–80 kg per mature tree.The maximum indicators can be achieved by planting Azhanskaya, Domashnaya, Altana, Ekaterina, Green Renklode plums next to it. The first fruiting occurs 4–5 years after planting.

The variety demonstrates good resistance to clotterosporia and moth, but categorically does not tolerate prolonged drought. All ovaries immediately fall off the tree. Hungarian Italian requires a certain experience and knowledge of agrotechnical techniques from the gardener, as she is quite capricious.

Hungarian Italian takes root only in the southern regions of Russia

Pulkovskaya

With rare exceptions, the Hungarian plum Pulkovskaya is grown only in the Leningrad Region. For the first time, its appearance was noted in Pulkovo, Pokrovka, Antropshino.

It was not possible to find out the history of the variety reliably, therefore it is found in catalogs with the mark "folk selection".

The tree is tall (5–6 m), the crown is spreading, but sparse, reminiscent of an inverted broom. Quite good indicators of winter hardiness. The first crop is harvested 3 years after planting. Plums ripen without additional pollinating varieties (Winter red, Moskovskaya, Skorospelka red), but with them the yield increases 4–5 times. The culture rarely suffers from aphids and perforated spotting, but the fruits crack strongly at high humidity. Hungarian Pulkovskaya makes certain requirements for the soil - fertile loam is very desirable.

Plums ripen from mid to late September, in several waves. But you can wait for the latter - the former will not crumble. From one adult tree, 20-25 kg of fruit are removed annually. Plums are rather small (20–25 g), one half is noticeably larger than the other. The characteristic seam is clearly visible. The color of the skin is violet-blue with dark red spots, there is a wax coating in the form of separate spots. The pulp is pale yellow, granular. Taste qualities for an amateur. Mostly Hungarian Pulkovskaya goes to homemade preparations.

Hungarian Pulkovskaya - a variety that arose by itself

Amazing

Hungarian Izumitelnaya is a self-infertile variety, bred by Ukrainian breeders. Choose several varieties of plum as pollinators that, like her, bloom late.

The tree is not too tall - 4–4.5 m. New plants are harvested 4–5 years after planting. Plums are rather small (25–28 g), inky purple in color. The seam and wax coating are lighter, almost blue. The pulp is yellow-brown, friable, very sweet. It is almost impossible to separate the bone from it.

The fruits of Hungarian Izumitelnaya are distinguished by good keeping quality and transportability, frost resistance, high resistance to fruit rot.

Hungarian Amazing, indeed, has amazing taste.

Donetsk

The homeland of the variety is the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. A stalk of the Green Renclode variety was grafted onto the crown of the Skorospelka red tree.

Hungarian Donetsk is one of the first to mature. The harvest can be taken as early as the tenth of August. The first fruiting occurs 4–5 years after planting in the ground.

The tree is medium-tall - up to 4.5 m. The crown is spreading, not very dense. Fruiting is regular, but it is far from the record figures of Donetsk. You can remove a maximum of 25–30 kg of plums. The average life span of a tree is 17–20 years. The variety is self-fertile, but the presence of a number of other plums increases the yield. Such varieties as Italian, Anna Shpet, Altana, Karbyshev's renklod are suitable.

Hungarian Donetsk needs a suitable soil. On too dry and light sandy soil, the ovaries will regularly crumble.

Fruits are medium in size (about 30 g). The skin is dark purple, with a brown tint and a thick continuous layer of bloom. The side seam is almost invisible. The pulp is dull greenish, olive, juicy and sweet, with a slight sourness. Those who grow Donetsk Hungarian celebrate the amazing taste of prunes and compote from it.The harvested plums can be stored at room temperature for about three weeks and are well tolerated during transportation.

If the summer turned out to be cold and cloudy, the Hungarian Donetskaya on the tree may not ripen. This will happen later, during storage.

Hungarian Donetskaya is a rather capricious culture, but its fruits are very tasty

There is another plum with a similar name. Early Donetsk Hungarian is the result of free cross-pollination of seedlings of Violet Renklode (aka Prince) and Hungarian Azhanskaya.

The tree is quite tall (5–5.5 m), with a rounded crown. Young shoots seem to be trying to curl, but straighten with age. With prolonged droughts, the leaves may wither, but this weather will not affect the fruits in any way. The yield is high - 60–70 kg per mature tree.

Medium sized plums (25–30 g) have an amazing taste. This is the opinion of not only breeders, but also independent experts. The skin is dark blue, a slight greenish tint is permissible. The wax coating is solid, bluish. The pulp is salad-colored, dense to the point that it crunches slightly. Ripe plums can hang from the tree for a month without crumbling.

The variety is self-fertile, but the presence of Donetsk Hungarian, Renklod Karbyshev, on the garden plot, will significantly increase the yield.

Hungarian Donetskaya early is considered by many to be the most delicious of all similar plums.

Voronezh

Hungarian Voronezh - the result of grafting a cuttings of the Green Ranclode into the crown of the Red Skorospelka tree. The variety is zoned specifically for cultivation in warm southern regions.

The tree is relatively low (3.5–4.5 m), the crown stretches strongly upward, resembling a broom. The variety is self-fertile. The crop blooms late, so pick up any home plum with a similar flowering period for pollination.

The characteristic features of the Voronezh Hungarian are a long growing season, very late falling leaves, poor resistance to low temperatures and high resistance to common stone fruit diseases. At the same time, if the plant is frozen, it is possible, not without reason, to hope for its recovery.

The fruits are large (slightly less than 40 g), pear-shaped. The skin is violet-brown. The pulp is very tasty, olive-colored, firm and juicy. A pronounced aroma is characteristic. The fruits are suitable both for fresh consumption and for drying, homemade preparations.

If it was cold in summer, most likely, the Voronezh Hungarian will not ripen on the tree. The plum is ripe during storage.

Hungarian Voronezh often freezes

Michurinskaya

Hungarian Michurinskaya is a medium-ripening plum variety.

Fruits are of medium size (25–30 g), in the form of an almost regular oval, but with a clearly visible “neck” at the peduncle. Plums at the stage of technical maturity have a greenish-blue skin, fully ripe - blue-violet. The coating is dense, bluish-gray. The pulp is rich green color with almost imperceptible yellowness, dense, juicy and very tender. Ripe plums literally melt in your mouth. The bone is relatively small. To separate it from the pulp, you need to make an effort.

You can take your time with harvesting. Ripe fruits will not fall off the tree for a month.

It is this variety of plums that are mostly used by domestic producers of juices with pulp and baby food. This is not least due to its good transportability and long shelf life. But even fresh, the fruits are remarkably tasty.

As a disadvantage, the peculiarity of the formation of the crown can be noted. Skeletal branches branch off from the tree at an acute angle, so deep cracks form at the growth point. Also, many complain about the plain and unattractive plums. But for an amateur gardener, appearance is far from the main thing.

The flesh of the Hungarian Michurinskaya is very juicy and tender

Bogatyrskaya

The homeland of the variety is the Dubovsky stronghold of the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture.The hybrid was the result of cross-pollination of the Ipolinskaya and Domashnyaya varieties.

The tree is of medium height, the crown is spreading, not too overgrown. Shoots grow initially crooked.

Fruiting - in the second decade of August. Plums are large, about 35 g. The skin is inky-violet, covered with a whitish bloom. Lime-colored pulp, juicy, individual fibers are felt. The bone is poorly separated from it. The taste is balanced, sweet, with a slight sourness.

The variety is self-fertile, does not need pollinators. The annual yield only increases with time. The average figure is 60–70 kg of fruits per tree. Plum Bogatyrskaya tolerates frosty winters well, rarely suffers from diseases and pests. The fruits tolerate transportation well and are suitable for long-term storage.

As a disadvantage, it is noted that the plum is overloaded with the harvest, if measures are not taken in time. As a result, the fruits become smaller.

Hungarian Bogatyrskaya bears more and more fruits every year

Common (Ugorka, or Home)

Hungarian Ordinary, also known to gardeners under the names Ugorka, Moldavskaya, Domashnaya, is one of the most popular varieties. Among its undoubted advantages are high rates of resistance to typical stone fruit diseases, transportability and keeping quality.

The culture is suitable only for growing in regions with a warm climate. North of the Kursk, Voronezh region Plum Plum will freeze.

The tree is tall (6 m and more), the crown is wide, spreading, stretches upward, forming a kind of pyramid. Its lifespan with proper care is over 30 years.

Plums ripen in mid-September, as well as all late varieties are well stored. The yield is beyond praise. Average indicators - 150 kg from an adult tree. But such values ​​are possible only if all growing rules are observed. Required, for example, fertile soil that retains moisture well. The ideal option is loam.

The fruits are small (about 20 g), the skin looks black, but in fact it is dark purple. The plums are purple in the sun. The presence of specks of copper or rust color, a continuous layer of gray-white bloom is characteristic. The taste is sweet and sour, the pulp is juicy.

The variety is positioned as self-fertile, but to increase yields, it is useful to create a Hungarian Home Company. Anna Shpet, Italian, Altana are best suited.

The first fruiting will have to wait for a long time - 7–8 years. However, this is typical for Hungarian women. A significant drawback - plums crack strongly if the summer was rainy and cloudy.

Common Hungarian - a tall tree with a long lifespan

Dubovskaya

Hungarian Dubovskaya is a late-ripening variety bred at the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture. The fruits ripen in the second decade of September.

The tree is of medium height, but the shoots quickly grow in length. The crown is elliptical, as if raised. The variety practically does not suffer from moniliosis and is extremely rarely affected by the moth. It is also frost-resistant.

Plums are not very large (25–30 g), almost oval, but with a pronounced "neck" at the stalk. The skin is inky-violet, the bloom on it is bluish. The pulp is greenish-yellow in color, firm and juicy.

Culture is not widespread on the territory of Russia. Mostly it can be found at home - in the Volgograd region.

Productivity will be increased by the presence of a number of pollinators. The ideal option is plum varieties Volgogradskaya, Anna Shpet, Giant.

Hungarian Dubovskaya on the territory of Russia is not widespread

Azhanskaya

Hungarian Azhanskaya comes from Western Europe, specifically from France. The variety is positioned as self-fertile, but the presence of a number of pollinators from the group of renklods (Altana, Green) has a positive effect on productivity.

The tree reaches a height of 4–4.5 m. The crown is in the form of a flattened oval, thickened. The harvest will have to wait 4–5 years. The fruits ripen en masse in the last decade of August. Even fully ripe plums do not fall off the tree.Hungarian Azhanskaya rarely suffers from the moth, but in a rainy summer, the fruits crack. And these cracks are “gates” for all kinds of pathogenic fungi and bacteria.

The yield is not bad - 60–70 kg from an adult tree. Fruits are purple in color, pointed at the stalk (the so-called neck). Characterized by the presence of reddish spots and a thick layer of waxy coating. The skin is firm but tender. The pulp is amber, with a slight greenish tint. It tastes good, tender, fiber-free, but not too juicy. The stone, in comparison with the rest of the Hungarians, is flatter and more rounded. The fruits tolerate transportation well, but they are stored for a maximum of 7-12 days.

Hungarian Azhanskaya is notable for its yield, but not keeping quality

Features of planting and growing

Plum Hungarian needs a lot of heat and light - keep this in mind when choosing a place for planting

Caring for Hungarians differs little from the agrotechnical techniques typical for other stone fruits, not only plums. But there are also some peculiarities:

  • Any Hungarian plum treasures sunlight and warmth. Therefore, the site should warm up well and be protected from sharp cold drafts. Another mandatory requirement is a nutritious and loose soil that retains moisture well. Cold damp air tends to accumulate at the bottom, so lowlands will not work. Snow accumulates in them during the winter. This can provoke bark heating, especially at the root collar. The ideal location is a hillside that stretches from north to south or from northeast to southwest.
  • Check the acidity of the soil in advance. Sour soil is categorically not suitable for plums of Hungarian. The best option is a slightly alkaline substrate.
  • After planting the Hungarian plum, the soil in the trunk circle must be constantly kept moist. Some varieties tolerate drought well, but in this case, you can not expect abundant fruiting. It is especially important to water the Hungarian during flowering and when the fruits are intensively increasing the mass. Do not forget about watering the newly planted seedlings. This is the key to the correct development of the root system and the quick adaptation of the plant to new conditions.
  • Hungarian plum responds very gratefully to fertilization. Every spring, at the same time as digging up the soil, apply nitrogen-containing fertilizers and natural organic matter (rotted manure, humus) to the trunk circle. Phosphorus and potassium are also helpful. In the fall, give up nitrogen - the plant will not be able to properly prepare for wintering.
  • Proper pruning is very important for a Hungarian woman. Trees are distinguished by a thickened crown, in their "natural" form, they bear fruit much worse than when properly formed. It is strongly not recommended to delay pruning - Hungarian plum reacts negatively to the removal of mature lignified shoots. As a rule, a hollow appears in this place - a real "gate" for insect pests, pathogenic bacteria, fungi, plant immunity drops sharply. 2-3 years after planting the seedling in a permanent place near the Hungarian plum, you need to completely cut off all the shoots at the roots, small branches growing inside the crown and down. The root shoots are pruned by raking the ground and finding the base of each process. However, if the tree has suffered frost in winter, leave 2-3 of the sturdiest branches. From them, in the future, new skeletal shoots can be formed.

Pruning Hungarian plums is carried out later than other stone fruit trees

  • In especially fruitful years, it is not a fact that even a regular one will save the Hungarian plum from the branches breaking under the excessive weight of the fruit. It is recommended to make props in advance.
  • The Hungarian plum harvest is a real feast for the gardener's eyes

    Gardeners reviews

    I love the Domashnyaya plum variety. We call it Ugorka. Bears fruit abundantly since the third year. The fruits are juicy, sweet to bitterness. The tree loves water, if not watered, it crumbles. Well, about the main thing.Pouring from Ugorka is an amazing thing. You can insist on vodka, moonshine, alcohol. Alcohol, of course, strong. And you can also make wine.

    I will not be mistaken if I say about the Hungarian Pulkovskaya, that this is the main variety in the Leningrad region, a “workhorse”. There are practically in every garden, especially in the old one. Ripens in mid or late September. It is large enough, the taste is good, the yield is very good, the winter hardiness is average, in severe winters it freezes quite a bit, after which it gives a lot of root growth, which is why it became so widespread in the region.

    Hungarian Donetskaya Early is a very valuable specimen in terms of taste ... Some pros say that she is the best ...

    There are two plum trees growing in our country house. I'll tell you about the Italian Hungarian variety. It has dark-colored large, elongated oval fruits with firm sweet pulp. A very bountiful harvest. The fruits are easy to dry. It turns out to be a wonderful prune.

    Many of my neighbors believe that Moskovskaya plums are the ultimate dream: there are many of them, they are sweet. Why spend money on expensive varieties? And we thought that such a variety has no place in the garden largely because plums are tasteless - soft, often with a worm, and even more often just with rot that appears on the fruits still hanging on the branch.

    Hungarian Moscow is the most productive and stable of them. It is self-fertile and often produces bountiful harvests of mediocre red fruits that ripen in late August or early September. But processed products from them are of good quality, especially jam and juice with pulp.

    Among the varieties of Ukrainian selection, one of the most delicious is the early Hungarian Donetskaya. I like the Donetsk Hungarian for the one-dimensionality of the fruits and the uniformity of loading over the volume of the crown. This is an excellent variety for prunes, and a very important point is that it can hang on the tree for a very long time.

    Hungarian vulgaris stands out with a very good taste, a very long period of consumption, but small, not fast-growing (beginning of fruiting 5-7 years after planting), very amazed by the shark. Therefore, in recent years, those wishing to lay gardens of this variety have diminished. But for fans of the Hungarian Ordinary in Poland, three of her clones were bred: Tolar, Promis, Nektavit, which, although they did not surpass the maternal variety in large-fruited, are less susceptible to sharka disease.

    Any sort of Hungarian plum is mainly appreciated by domestic gardeners for the yield and long life of the tree. The dense pulp has an amazing taste and aroma, such fruits are excellent raw materials for homemade preparations for the winter. The aesthetic moment is also important - the flowering of the Hungarian plum will decorate your garden.

    • Author: Julia Golova
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    Description of the most common varieties

    Moscow

    The variety of Hungarian Moskovskaya plum, also known as Tsaritsynskaya, is one of the oldest. It was bred by breeders in 1947 with the expectation of growing in the European part of Russia (specifically, for collective farms located within a radius of 25 km from Moscow). But, in principle, it is suitable for any regions with a temperate climate. A successful hybrid turned out largely by accident - as a result of spontaneous pollination of seedlings of the Hungarian Ordinary (or Home). Its main advantage is cold resistance. The tree tolerates temperatures up to -30 ºС well, it will not die and will recover if some of the shoots still suffer from frost.

    The fruits of the Moscow Hungarian on average weigh about 20 g, some specimens reach 30 g. The rind is quite dense, but tender, covered with a blue-purple bloom with a reddish tinge. The pulp is golden honey, harsh, but juicy. Quite a large number of asymmetric and otherwise deformed fruits are caught. The taste for a regionalized culture is not bad, there is sweetness, although, of course, one cannot compare with southern varieties. But the fruits are great for home canning, they tolerate transportation well.

    Hungarian Moskovskaya, in comparison with the rest of the group, is a short tree, it rarely grows above 3–3.5 m. The crown is spreading, dense, almost regular spherical in shape.

    You will have to wait a long time for the first harvest, but then the number of harvested plums steadily increases, reaching 40–45 kg. Fruits ripen en masse, in the second decade of September. If you pick unripe plums, they will perfectly "reach" at home. The fruits do not crack when the summer is cloudy, cold and rainy.

    Despite the fact that the taste of the fruits cannot be called outstanding, gardeners throughout Russia love the Moscow Hungarian for stable annual fruiting, the ability to adapt to the vagaries of the weather, frost resistance and high resistance to the most common diseases of stone fruit trees.

    The variety is self-fertile, but experienced gardeners recommend planting Red Skorospelka next to it to obtain the maximum possible yields.

    Hungarian Moskovskaya is most often found on the sites of domestic gardeners

    Belarusian

    As the name suggests, this is a variety of Belarusian selection. The hybrid was obtained by cross-pollination of Delikatnaya and Stanley plum saplings quite recently - in 2009.

    In height, the tree of the Belarusian Hungarian reaches 3.5–4 m, the crown is in the form of a wide ellipse, spreading, sparse.

    Unlike most Hungarian women, the first Belarusian crop can be harvested within 3 years after planting. The culture is resistant to clasterosporium disease, tolerates frost well. The yield is consistently high - about 30 kg per mature tree. The variety is positioned by its creators as partially self-fertile. The best pollinators are Victoria, Crooman, Bluefri.

    Large plums (35–40 g) with golden-orange flesh ripen in late summer or early autumn. They are quite beautiful - almost the same size, even, bright blue with a thick bluish bloom. The taste is balanced - sweet, with a noticeable piquant sourness. The fruits are suitable for long-term storage, they tolerate transportation well.

    Hungarian Belorusskaya is a new variety that is confidently gaining popularity

    Korneevskaya

    The variety is the result of cross-pollination of Volgogradskaya and Bogatyrskaya plum saplings. The tree is rather tall (4–5 m), with an elongated pyramid-shaped crown. At the base, it is wide, the branches hang down.

    Korneevskaya got its name in honor of one of its creators - R.V. Korneev. LN Zhukova also took part in its creation. Both are breeders of the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture. The birthplace of the hybrid is its reference station Dubovskaya.

    Be sure to take care of the props. Under the weight of the harvest, thin shoots may well break, although the culture does not differ in high yields. The maximum that can be obtained from a tree is 25–30 kg of plums.

    You will remove the first fruits from the tree 3-4 years after planting the seedling in a permanent place. The variety is self-fertile, it does well without pollinators. Hungarian Korneevskaya well tolerates prolonged drought, heat, winter cold, without losing the quantity and quality of fruits, rarely suffers from diseases typical of stone fruits.

    Plums ripen in the last decade of August. Fruits are large (30–35 g), almost all of the same size. The skin is dark, blue-lilac, sometimes a brownish tint is present. Small, almost imperceptible lighter dots are often found. The seam is also practically invisible. The pulp is very tasty, amber, juicy and fleshy. Fruits are suitable for fresh consumption and belong to the category of dessert.

    The lifespan of the tree, in comparison with the rest of the Hungarians, is short - 18–20 years. Korneevskaya blooms in early May. The ripening time of the crop is highly dependent on the weather, stretching for almost a month - from mid-August to the end of the first decade of September.

    The branches of the Hungarian Korneevskaya definitely need props

    Italian

    The homeland of the Italian Hungarian plum, as you might guess, is Italy. But not the warmest southern regions, but the north of the Apennine Peninsula, the alpine regions. Therefore, she is not as warm-loving and effeminate as it might seem at first glance. The variety is quite old, bred in the 50s of the XX century, but is still cultivated all over the world.

    On the territory of Russia, the culture will bear fruit only in the Crimea, Krasnodar Territory, Rostov Region, Kuban, and other territories with a similar climate. Some enthusiasts are trying to grow it in the Kursk, Voronezh regions, even in the Urals district, but it is still chilly there in winter.

    The tree is of medium height, about 4 m. The crown is wide, round (5–6 m in diameter). The branches hang down noticeably.

    The fruits ripen quite late - by mid-September. Plums are large (32–35 g), the skin color is inky-violet, the presence of many lighter rounded spots of small diameter and a continuous layer of gray-white bloom is characteristic. The pulp is green-yellow, lime-colored, thickened near the stone. There are also separate scarlet veins. The aroma is weak.

    Under proper conditions, the yield of Italian Hungarian is very high - 50–80 kg per mature tree. The maximum performance can be achieved by planting Azhanskaya, Domashnaya, Altana, Ekaterina, Green Renklode plums next to it. The first fruiting occurs 4–5 years after planting.

    The variety demonstrates good resistance to clotterosporia and moth, but categorically does not tolerate prolonged drought. All ovaries immediately fall off the tree. Hungarian Italian requires a certain experience and knowledge of agrotechnical techniques from the gardener, as she is quite capricious.

    Hungarian Italian takes root only in the southern regions of Russia

    Pulkovskaya

    With rare exceptions, the Hungarian plum Pulkovskaya is grown only on the territory of the Leningrad Region. For the first time, its appearance was noted in Pulkovo, Pokrovka, Antropshino.

    It was not possible to find out the history of the variety reliably, therefore it is found in catalogs with the mark "folk selection".

    The tree is tall (5–6 m), the crown is spreading, but sparse, reminiscent of an inverted broom. Quite good indicators of winter hardiness. The first crop is harvested 3 years after planting. Plums ripen without additional pollinating varieties (Winter red, Moskovskaya, Skorospelka red), but with them the yield increases 4–5 times. The culture rarely suffers from aphids and perforated spotting, but the fruits crack strongly at high humidity. Hungarian Pulkovskaya makes certain requirements for the soil - fertile loam is very desirable.

    Plums ripen from mid to late September, in several waves. But you can wait for the latter - the former will not crumble. From one adult tree, 20-25 kg of fruit are removed annually. Plums are rather small (20–25 g), one half is noticeably larger than the other. The characteristic seam is clearly visible. The color of the skin is violet-blue with dark red spots, there is a wax coating in the form of separate spots. The pulp is pale yellow, granular. Taste qualities for an amateur. Mostly Hungarian Pulkovskaya goes to homemade preparations.

    Hungarian Pulkovskaya - a variety that arose by itself

    Amazing

    Hungarian Izumitelnaya is a self-infertile variety, bred by Ukrainian breeders. Choose several varieties of plum as pollinators that, like her, bloom late.

    The tree is not too tall - 4–4.5 m. New plants are harvested 4–5 years after planting. Plums are rather small (25–28 g), inky purple in color. The seam and wax coating are lighter, almost blue. The pulp is yellow-brown, friable, very sweet. It is almost impossible to separate the bone from it.

    The fruits of Hungarian Izumitelnaya are distinguished by good keeping quality and transportability, frost resistance, high resistance to fruit rot.

    Hungarian Amazing, indeed, has amazing taste.

    Donetsk

    The homeland of the variety is the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. A stalk of the Green Renclode variety was grafted onto the crown of the Skorospelka red tree.

    Hungarian Donetsk is one of the first to mature. The harvest can be taken as early as the tenth of August. The first fruiting occurs 4–5 years after planting in the ground.

    The tree is medium-tall - up to 4.5 m. The crown is spreading, not very dense. Fruiting is regular, but it is far from the record figures of Donetsk. You can remove a maximum of 25–30 kg of plums. The average life span of a tree is 17–20 years. The variety is self-fertile, but the presence of a number of other plums increases the yield. Such varieties as Italian, Anna Shpet, Altana, Karbyshev's renklod are suitable.

    Hungarian Donetsk needs a suitable soil. On too dry and light sandy soil, the ovaries will regularly crumble.

    Fruits are medium in size (about 30 g). The skin is dark purple, with a brown tint and a thick continuous layer of bloom. The side seam is almost invisible. The pulp is dull greenish, olive, juicy and sweet, with a slight sourness. Those who grow Donetsk Hungarian celebrate the amazing taste of prunes and compote from it. The harvested plums can be stored at room temperature for about three weeks and are well tolerated during transportation.

    If the summer turned out to be cold and cloudy, the Hungarian Donetskaya on a tree may not ripen. This will happen later, during storage.

    Hungarian Donetskaya is a rather capricious culture, but its fruits are very tasty

    There is another plum with a similar name. Early Donetsk Hungarian is the result of free cross-pollination of seedlings of Violet Renklode (aka Prince) and Hungarian Azhanskaya.

    The tree is quite tall (5–5.5 m), with a rounded crown. Young shoots seem to be trying to curl, but straighten with age. With prolonged droughts, the leaves may wither, but this weather will not affect the fruits in any way. The yield is high - 60–70 kg per mature tree.

    Medium sized plums (25–30 g) have an amazing taste. This is the opinion of not only breeders, but also independent experts. The skin is dark blue, a slight greenish tint is permissible. The wax coating is solid, bluish. The pulp is salad-colored, dense to the point that it crunches slightly. Ripe plums can hang from the tree for a month without crumbling.

    The variety is self-fertile, but the presence of Donetsk Hungarian, Renklod Karbyshev, on the garden plot, will significantly increase the yield.

    Hungarian Donetskaya early is considered by many to be the most delicious of all similar plums.

    Voronezh

    Hungarian Voronezh - the result of grafting a cuttings of the Green Ranclode into the crown of the Red Skorospelka tree. The variety is zoned specifically for cultivation in warm southern regions.

    The tree is relatively low (3.5–4.5 m), the crown stretches strongly upward, resembling a broom. The variety is self-fertile. The crop blooms late, so pick up any home plum with a similar flowering period for pollination.

    The characteristic features of the Voronezh Hungarian are a long growing season, very late falling leaves, poor resistance to low temperatures and high resistance to common stone fruit diseases. At the same time, if the plant is frozen, it is possible, not without reason, to hope for its recovery.

    The fruits are large (slightly less than 40 g), pear-shaped. The skin is violet-brown. The pulp is very tasty, olive-colored, firm and juicy. A pronounced aroma is characteristic. The fruits are suitable both for fresh consumption and for drying, homemade preparations.

    If it was cold in summer, most likely, the Voronezh Hungarian will not ripen on the tree. The plum is ripe during storage.

    Hungarian Voronezh often freezes

    Michurinskaya

    Hungarian Michurinskaya is a medium-ripening plum variety.

    Fruits are of medium size (25–30 g), in the form of an almost regular oval, but with a clearly visible “neck” at the peduncle.Plums at the stage of technical maturity have a greenish-blue skin, fully ripe - blue-violet. The coating is dense, bluish-gray. The pulp is rich green color with almost imperceptible yellowness, dense, juicy and very tender. Ripe plums literally melt in your mouth. The bone is relatively small. To separate it from the pulp, you need to make an effort.

    You can take your time with harvesting. Ripe fruits will not fall off the tree for a month.

    It is this variety of plums that are mostly used by domestic producers of juices with pulp and baby food. This is not least due to its good transportability and long shelf life. But even fresh, the fruits are remarkably tasty.

    As a disadvantage, the peculiarity of the formation of the crown can be noted. Skeletal branches branch off from the tree at an acute angle, so deep cracks form at the growth point. Also, many complain about the plain and unattractive plums. But for an amateur gardener, appearance is far from the main thing.

    The flesh of the Hungarian Michurinskaya is very juicy and tender

    Bogatyrskaya

    The homeland of the variety is the Dubovsky stronghold of the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture. The hybrid was the result of cross-pollination of the Ipolinskaya and Domashnyaya varieties.

    The tree is of medium height, the crown is spreading, not too overgrown. Shoots grow initially crooked.

    Fruiting - in the second decade of August. Plums are large, about 35 g. The skin is inky-violet, covered with a whitish bloom. Lime-colored pulp, juicy, individual fibers are felt. The bone is poorly separated from it. The taste is balanced, sweet, with a slight sourness.

    The variety is self-fertile, does not need pollinators. The annual yield only increases with time. The average is 60–70 kg of fruits per tree. Plum Bogatyrskaya tolerates frosty winters well, rarely suffers from diseases and pests. The fruits tolerate transportation well and are suitable for long-term storage.

    As a disadvantage, it is noted that the plum is overloaded with the harvest, if measures are not taken in time. As a result, the fruits become smaller.

    Hungarian Bogatyrskaya bears more and more fruits every year

    Common (Ugorka, or Home)

    Hungarian Ordinary, also known to gardeners under the names Ugorka, Moldavskaya, Domashnaya, is one of the most popular varieties. Among its undoubted advantages are high rates of resistance to typical stone fruit diseases, transportability and keeping quality.

    The culture is suitable only for growing in regions with a warm climate. North of the Kursk, Voronezh region Plum Plum will freeze.

    The tree is tall (6 m and more), the crown is wide, spreading, stretches upward, forming a kind of pyramid. Its lifespan with proper care is over 30 years.

    Plums ripen in mid-September, as well as all late varieties are well stored. The yield is beyond praise. Average indicators - 150 kg from an adult tree. But such values ​​are possible only if all growing rules are observed. Required, for example, fertile soil that retains moisture well. The ideal option is loam.

    The fruits are small (about 20 g), the skin looks black, but in fact it is dark purple. The plums are purple in the sun. The presence of specks of copper or rust color, a continuous layer of gray-white bloom is characteristic. The taste is sweet and sour, the pulp is juicy.

    The variety is positioned as self-fertile, but to increase yields, it is useful to create a Hungarian Home Company. Anna Shpet, Italian, Altana are best suited.

    The first fruiting will have to wait for a long time - 7–8 years. However, this is typical for Hungarian women. A significant drawback - plums crack strongly if the summer was rainy and cloudy.

    Common Hungarian - a tall tree with a long lifespan

    Dubovskaya

    Hungarian Dubovskaya is a late-ripening variety bred at the Lower Volga Research Institute of Agriculture. The fruits ripen in the second decade of September.

    The tree is of medium height, but the shoots quickly grow in length. The crown is elliptical, as if raised. The variety practically does not suffer from moniliosis and is extremely rarely affected by the moth. It is also frost-resistant.

    The plums are not very large (25–30 g), almost oval, but with a pronounced "neck" at the stalk. The skin is inky-violet, the bloom on it is bluish. The pulp is greenish-yellow in color, firm and juicy.

    Culture is not widespread on the territory of Russia. Mostly it can be found at home - in the Volgograd region.

    Productivity will increase the presence of a number of pollinators. The ideal option is plum varieties Volgogradskaya, Anna Shpet, Giant.

    Hungarian Dubovskaya on the territory of Russia is not widespread

    Azhanskaya

    Hungarian Azhanskaya comes from Western Europe, specifically from France. The variety is positioned as self-fertile, but the presence of a number of pollinators from the group of renklods (Altana, Green) has a positive effect on productivity.

    The tree reaches a height of 4–4.5 m. The crown is in the form of a flattened oval, thickened. The harvest will have to wait 4–5 years. The fruits ripen en masse in the last decade of August. Even fully ripe plums do not fall off the tree. Hungarian Azhanskaya rarely suffers from the moth, but in a rainy summer, the fruits crack. And these cracks are “gates” for all kinds of pathogenic fungi and bacteria.

    The yield is not bad - 60–70 kg from an adult tree. Fruits are purple in color, pointed at the stalk (the so-called neck). Characterized by the presence of reddish spots and a thick layer of waxy coating. The skin is firm but tender. The pulp is amber, with a slight greenish tint. It tastes good, tender, fiber-free, but not too juicy. The stone, in comparison with the rest of the Hungarians, is flatter and more rounded. The fruits tolerate transportation well, but they are stored for a maximum of 7-12 days.

    Hungarian Azhanskaya is notable for its yield, but not keeping quality


    Plum Hungarian

    Vengerka plums are a group of varieties that can grow in different climatic conditions. Their agricultural technology is not difficult, so this group is suitable for growing gardeners for beginners.

    Trees up to 6 m high. Their fruits are ellipsoidal, in different shades of blue, purple. Inside, the berries are dense, yellow in color. They bear fruit every year. Most Hungarian fruits do not require pollinator varieties to be planted with them.

    The berries of this group of plants are used to make prunes. Hungarians bear fruit well, are resistant to drought, are suitable for storage, transportation, but the first crop can be harvested no earlier than 6 years after planting.

    Stanley

    • A variety of Domashnaya Plum, belonging to the "Hungarian". These trees are native to the USA. In Russia, it is recommended to plant it in the southern regions, the North Caucasus.
    • Plants of medium height, form berries weighing about 45 g of purple color.
    • Inside they are dense, of medium juiciness. The pulp is yellow-green, granular. The fruit tastes delicious, with a slight sourness.


    Plum follow-up care

    Plum Queen Victoria is demanding to care for. The tree is regularly watered and fed, and the shoots are pruned.

    Watering the crop depends on the intensity of precipitation in the region. Watering is required during the flowering period and at the beginning of the fruiting of the tree. In the fall, the plum is watered abundantly before sheltering for the winter.

    Every 3 years when digging the soil for 1 sq. m, 10 kg of organic fertilizer are applied. In early spring, plums are fed with nitrogen fertilizer, during the growing season - with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers. Substances are embedded in the ground or dissolved in water before watering.

    Queen Victoria plum pruning helps to eliminate excess shoots and normalize yields. The crown is formed in several tiers. Broken, frozen or withered branches are cut in early spring or late in the season.

    A young tree is covered for the winter with agrofibre and spruce branches. The soil is mulched with humus or compost. For shelter, polyethylene and other materials that are impervious to moisture and air are not used.So that the tree does not suffer from rodents, its trunk is covered with roofing material or netting.

    Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

    According to reviews of the Queen Victoria plum, the tree can be seriously affected by fungal diseases. The most dangerous crop diseases are listed in the table:

    The fruits show brown spots with gray fungal spores.

    The affected fruits are thrown away, the tree is sprayed with Bordeaux liquid.

    1. Regular crown thinning.

    2. Destruction of fallen leaves.

    3. Preventive spraying with fungicides.

    Reddish spots on the leaves that grow and merge with each other. Leaves dry and fall off prematurely.

    Plum treatment with copper chloride.

    Common crop pests are indicated in the table:

    Large butterflies eat leaves, buds and flowers.

    Manual destruction of the pest. Wood treatment with Actellik solution.

    1. Digging up the soil under the tree.

    2. Removal of fallen leaves from the site.

    3. Preventive spraying with insecticides.

    Cherry moth caterpillars eat buds and leaves.

    Spraying plums with Nitrofen solution.


    Reviews of gardeners about plum renklode

    I will also share my experience in growing the Renclode Altana plum. The tree has been growing on the site for 8 years. The growth is powerful, the influence of moniliosis with standard preventive treatments, like other stone fruits, did not notice. I will note that I did not notice the love of the tree on the part of aphids, although many varieties of plums suffer from this misfortune. Everything would be good, but I never got a decent harvest of plums. It blooms profusely annually, but then the ovary is almost completely crumbled. Anna Shpet is growing nearby, with whom everything is in order, which means there is a pollinator for Renklode.
    After receiving information about the harmful effect of the plum sawer, for the last three years he intensively processed before flowering, after 90% flowering, and also various insecticides (and Confidor Maxi, and Aktara, and Match, and Decis pro), but the yield was several dozen fruits with a huge tree.
    Unfortunately, since the fruits of Renklode are really very tasty, I have not found an approach to the variety.

    Yuriy Onishchenko

    http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=11042

    Had the same problem with the productivity of His Renclaude Altan…. Two years ago I planted on it a yellow plum from another site ... In principle, I got both Altana and the round yellow plum from the old owners ... They helped me to identify Altana on the forum, and today I myself recognize the round yellow plum as Green Renklode ... Problems with fruiting were in both renklods ... In general, I grafted one to the other (cross). Last year, the harvest was quite decent, especially on Renclaude green ... This year I am afraid that Renclaude Altana will simply break from the load ... I already had to cut a few small branches due to breakage under load.

    Volto

    http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=11042

    I only have Soviet Renklode, a stunningly sweet plum, just honey. Large, fruitful, but rather late, ripens only by September. If all Renklods are like that, then it's worth taking. Although, as far as I know, he is self-infertile, he definitely needs pollinators.

    Tane4ka

    https://otvet.mail.ru/question/185050729

    The Soviet Renklode somehow did not look to me. Winter hardiness is rather weak. The variety took off quickly. Although there was fruiting.

    AlexanderR

    http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=5396

    Large is a relative concept. They identified me in the Renklod collective farm drain purchased with the plot. Delicious autumn variety. Yellow, round, by no means small plums.

    Natali_R

    https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/4467/page-20

    Although there are not so many renklods suitable for growing on the territory of Russia, it is still worth picking up a zoned variety in order to settle it on your site. As a rule, these types do not require any special care, and its complexity is not at all worth talking about. But the result - a good harvest of juicy fragrant plums - you will surely like it.


    Watch the video: Easy dumplings recipe: how to make Hungarian semolina dumplings for soup?


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