Correct planting of strawberries in spring in open ground


The most favorite berry of children and adults, of course, is strawberry. The first berry vitamins after a long cold winter are contained in bright strawberry fruits... She is present on any garden plot and in the spring she is the first to receive the attention of the owner, who wants to get an early harvest. In this review, we will talk about the features of planting strawberry seedlings in open ground and further care.

Dates for planting strawberries in open ground in spring

Often, gardeners ask themselves in what month is it better to plant strawberry seedlings? The optimal timing for spring planting of strawberries depends on the growing region and weather conditions (air temperature and soil warming). In the Moscow and Leningrad regions, in the Urals, this is around the end of April beginning of May... In the south, seedlings are planted earlier.

You can plant seedlings and at an earlier date, having previously covered the area for planting with agrofibre for the earliest possible warming up of the soil. Having planted the seedlings in the prepared soil, they create comfortable conditions for growth by covering them with spunbond or film on the established arcs... Step-by-step instructions for choosing seedlings and planting them in open ground are given below.

When planting in spring, the main thing is not to delay the planting dates and plant strawberry plants before the hot summer days.

Selection of seedlings for a good harvest

Correctly chosen seedlings are a guarantee of the future strawberry harvest, therefore, the choice of planting material must be taken seriously.

Strawberry seedlings can be purchased in several types:

  • closed root - seedlings grown in pots, plastic cups or cassettes;
  • with an open root system;
  • green seedlings - plants dug up just before planting and not subject to long-term storage, it is best if they are with a clod of earth;
  • frigo - these are annual plants dug up in the fall, with a root system cleared of the ground and a completely removed leaf apparatus, stored before planting at a temperature of -2 ÷ 0˚С (frozen seedlings).

When choosing any seedlings, you need to pay attention to:

  • root system - it must be well developed. When buying seedlings with a closed root system, well-developed roots germinate through the drainage holes, which indicates their good vitality;
  • the seedlings should have at least 3-4 leaves saturated green color, without signs of wilting, brown spots and dots;
  • "Heart" (the central bud of the seedling, in which the flower stalks of the future harvest are located) should be large at least 0.7 cm in diameter.

Gardeners usually propagate their favorite strawberry varieties with a mustache growing from the mother bush... To do this, take the first outlet from the variety you like, the rest are removed during the season. If this is necessary for herself, then she is simply given the opportunity to take root next to the bush, and in the spring she is transplanted. If for sale or to share with friends, it is rooted in a glass, placing it next to a bush.

Having chosen the correct planting dates and high-quality seedlings, the survival rate of seedlings during spring planting is up to 80%.

Preparing seedlings for planting in the garden

Seedlings with a closed root system, you can take your time to immediately plant in the ground, they can develop painlessly in containers for up to 2 weeks.

Seedlings with an open root system, if it is not possible to plant immediately, before disembarkation, they can be placed in a dark plastic bag, sprinkled with water and put in a dark cool place where they can stay for up to 5-7 days. During this time, the plants will release additional white roots and take root well.

Before planting seedlings, you need:

  • on each seedling leave no more than 4 leaves, remove the rest to improve survival;
  • cut roots, their length should be no more than 10 cm;
  • before boarding it is advisable to soak the seedlings in a solution of a growth stimulator, if seedlings with a closed root system, then water with a solution.

Spring planting methods - diagram and step-by-step instructions

There are several ways to plant strawberries, from which each grower chooses the most suitable for him.

In the tunnels

For an earlier harvest of berries and an extension of the fruiting period of strawberries in the fall, planting plants in tunnels is used. Remontant varieties are most suitable for growing in them.

The installation of shelters for strawberry beds can be started almost immediately after the snow melts. Installed 1 m apart, the iron or plastic frames of the tunnels are covered with a film or covering material. With the onset of steadily warm days and at the beginning of flowering strawberries, the shelter must be raised for ventilation and pollination of plants with insects.

For covering material

Planting strawberries on black covering material has become very popular, as it has a large number of advantages:

  • the weeds don't break through through agrofiber, they stop growing under it due to lack of light;
  • the mustache does not take root on iti and they are easy to delete;
  • berries are always cleansince there is no contact with the ground;
  • the roots of plants develop normally under the covering material, because it is moisture and air permeable;
  • due to reduced contact of plants with the ground, strawberries practically do not get sick and it is not inhabited by pests, which means that it is not treated with pesticides;
  • in winter under such shelter plant roots are warm and comfortable.

Nests

The essence of the method consists in planting plants in nests spaced from each other in a row every 30 cm, the distance between rows is 40 cm. Plants with this method of planting are planted in the form of a hexagon, with a distance of 10 cm between them., in the center of the figure is also a strawberry sapling.

The advantage of the way is to obtain bountiful harvests, since there are 5 times more plants in the bush than with a normal planting.

Disadvantage consists in the need for a large number of seedlings, but when using your own planting material, it is not costly.

Bushes

The bush method of planting strawberries is planting seedlings in 40-60 cm.

Berries with such a planting grow large, because the plants are not thickened, they are well ventilated, they are easy to collect, but the plantings must be constantly loosened and the growing whiskers must be removed.

In strings

When planting plants in rows, one or two-line planting method is used, the scheme is shown below:

  • With a one-line way the plants are planted every 15-20 cm, the distance between the rows is 70 cm.
  • With the two-line method the distance between plants is not more than 20 cm, between rows 70.

With this method of planting, it is convenient to rejuvenate the plants, directing the growing whiskers into the aisles, thus creating new beds, and removing the old rows.

There is still carpet method planting, the most common among summer residents, who rarely visit the plots or simply do not have time to care for strawberries.

Plants after planting by any of the above methods are allowed to grow uncontrollably, i.e. the mustache is not removed and the planting turns into a beautiful solid strawberry carpet, under which weeds practically do not grow, moisture is retained. Landing does not need loosening, it is simply impossible to do it. The disadvantage of this method is the gradual grinding of the berries.

With any planting method, the root collar of the strawberry seedling should be at ground level.

Proper care of seedlings after planting

After planting plants, for better survival, they need to be shaded by covering them with spandbond or dry grass.

Caring for newly planted plants consists of:

  1. In regular watering, since strawberries are hygrophilous. In dry and hot weather, plants need to be sprayed periodically.
  2. If the soil under the strawberries is not mulched, then weeding and loosening the soil required.
  3. At least three times per season (before flowering, during fruiting and after) strawberries need to be fed.
  4. Prevention and fight disease and pests.
  5. Removing extra mustacheweakening the plant. You can leave the first mustache extending from the mother bush, which can be used as planting material.

Every 3-4 years, strawberries need to be transplanted to a new place and plantations should be renewed with young plants in order to avoid the loss of varietal characteristics.

Using the following tips for choosing, planting and growing strawberry seedlings, you can perform a spring planting in a season Easily grow a good strawberry plantation, which will begin to bear fruit and enjoy its juicy and large fruits the next year.


Planting strawberries in spring

Strawberries are a crop that gardeners love. But in order to harvest, you still need to be able to grow this berry. She is demanding on the soil, on the fertilizers used and on what grew before her. And you need to know how to plant this plant correctly. This is the only way to get a rich harvest.

Planting strawberries in the open field in spring


Planting strawberries outdoors

Hello everybody! Today I want to share with you my experience on how to plant strawberries or, as many call them, strawberries. The whole process of planting strawberries, which I will describe, I use personally and with great success. For me, planting strawberries outdoors is simple and very fun. For this, as I already mentioned in one of the notes, I will use a walk-behind tractor. Despite the fact that strawberries are planted quite easily and simply, I recommend that you carefully study the whole process beforehand. Since there are some moments, neglecting which means losing the seedlings, and after it the time. But I say straight away and bluntly, we will not talk about "grandmother's" methods of planting strawberries, in which a half-meter hole is dug, at the bottom of which a hill is constructed, on top of which is a strawberry rosette with long roots. Well, you understand what I'm talking about. In this situation, we will plant strawberries in open ground from sunset until next year. And so, let's go ...

Planting strawberries outdoors

Before planting strawberries in spring, fall or even summer, you need to properly prepare the soil. How to properly prepare the soil, I already wrote in this article - "Before planting strawberries - preparation and fertilization of the soil." There is one main rule that many gardeners either do not know or neglect. Before planting strawberries, at least two weeks should pass after soil preparation. Also, the soil should not have lumps and should be loose enough.

The strawberry planting scheme is of great importance. Strawberries love a lot of sun, so they do not accept tight plantings. It must be well ventilated. These planting rules can be achieved by a wide row spacing and distance between bushes.
The optimal scheme for planting strawberries:

  • 30x30x80 - one-line landing
  • 35x35x100 - single line landing
  • 25x25x30x100 - two-line landing

Each planting scheme is selected based on the technical characteristics of the strawberry varieties. If the strawberry bushes are vigorous, then the scheme is chosen with wider distances, and vice versa.

I plant strawberries in cloudy weather or in the evening when the sun is no longer a threat. During the night, the planted outlets take root relatively well. I do not recommend planting strawberries during the day. There can be a lot of losses, especially in the summer. In spring and autumn, you can plant strawberries at any daytime. If peduncles have already formed on the outlets, they must be removed without regret. In this case, the strawberry seedlings will root better and a bush will begin to form.

After the planting scheme has been chosen, you need to make the furrows. Not holes! Although, if you are very bored, then you can "pick" holes and plant strawberries in them. I prefer to make even furrows with a walk-behind tractor with a single hiller and plant them in them. (see photo) If there is no technique, then such furrows can be easily made, usually with a hoe in several passes.


Photo: Strawberry furrow

Before planting strawberries, I always disinfect and stimulate the root system. If the roots are longer than 8-10 cm, I cut them with a secateurs. I put all the seedlings for 1 hour in a solution consisting of the preparations "Fitosporin M", "Epin-Extra", "Kornevin". These drugs do not conflict with each other, so they can be safely mixed. Before planting strawberry seedlings, I shed furrows along the bottom.
When planting strawberries, the roots should not bend up or twist. It is very important! Otherwise, there will be poor survival rate or complete death of the plant. Strawberries should not be planted high so that the root system of the strawberry is exposed. Strawberries should not be planted very deeply so that the central bud is covered. (see photo)


Photo: Planting strawberries

After planting strawberries in open ground, you need to fill up the furrow and thoroughly roll or press the ground with your hands. In one word, condense. This is done so that the soil adheres better to the roots and they develop safely. After all the work done, the strawberries need to be watered abundantly.

Well, we figured out how to properly plant strawberries in the ground. Such planting of strawberries in open ground can be performed not only in spring and autumn, but also in summer.
If you still have questions, as usual, please leave them in the comments.


How to preserve seedlings or whiskers before planting in the spring

Many gardeners independently propagate strawberries with a mustache, which grows from the mother plant during the season. For this purpose, take the first formed socket, and remove the other whiskers as they appear.

If strawberry seedlings are needed for their own needs, then the mustache is allowed to take root next to the plant, and with the onset of spring they are transplanted to a pre-designated place. For the winter, beds with rooted mustaches must be reliably covered to avoid freezing.

Also, the mustache can be rooted in a special cup, placing it next to the mother bush. When the seedling in the cup forms enough roots, it is separated from the mother bush. It is then kept in a heated greenhouse or in a room on a windowsill.

Photo: Rooting strawberry seedlings in cups

You need to trim the mustache from the mother plants between June 1 and July 30. This is necessary in order to grow roots and the seedling can adapt in a new place.


Strawberry planting and care: growing methods, when to plant and care

Growing and tending strawberries for the perfect harvest

Strawberry (lat.Fragaria moschata or Fragaria elatior) is the second, more common name for nutmeg strawberries. To grow a crop and collect an excellent harvest of berries, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of planting, and the rules of growing and care.

Dates for planting strawberries in open ground

Good engraftment and growth of strawberries shows at an air temperature of 15-25 degrees Celsius, therefore, the optimal time for planting is considered:

  • For the middle zone and the Moscow region - early spring (late March - mid-April), but preferably in autumn (early August - late September)
  • For the south - autumn period (early September)
  • For the northern regions - late May - early July.

Strawberries, planting and caring for which are performed according to all the rules, gives a good harvest.

Strawberry cultivation methods

For open ground, the classic planting method is most often used. Since the other methods involve the use of special containers or landscape drops, they are used to grow strawberries in greenhouses, on verandas or terraces. Ampel strawberries are also used as an element of garden design.

Classic ways of planting strawberries

The most common, classic ways of planting strawberries outdoors.

Classic strawberry planting schemes

  • One line. With this method, a distance of about 60 cm is observed between rows, and about 15 cm between plants in a row. This planting is recommended for autumn-spring planting.
  • Two-line. This method is used in the summer: the row spacing is 30 cm, between plants about 20 cm. The number of plants will be greater than with the one-line method, and the yield will accordingly be better.

The free distance between rows and plants is an additional preventive measure against the spread of diseases.

Non-standard planting methods

Traditional planting methods are not suitable for small suburban areas. Especially for them, other ways were invented.

Vertical planting of strawberries on a construction grid

  • Vertical. Planting strawberries in pipes, pots, building mesh or old tires. All available material is located strictly vertically to save space

Planting strawberries in plastic bags

  • In bags. Plastic bags with soil and strawberry seedlings are laid horizontally or hung vertically. Holes are made for plants to grow

Planting strawberries under Agrospan

  • Planting under agrofibre or creating film tunnels. It does not save space, but allows you to harvest faster than traditional methods

Growing strawberries hydroponically

  • Hydroponics. Strawberry bushes grow on a substrate of rock wool, peat mixture and coconut fiber. Used in greenhouses on an industrial scale.

Planting strawberries outdoors

Strawberries are quite a whimsical culture, before planting them in open ground, it is necessary to properly prepare the beds. It depends on what kind of harvest strawberries will give, care, cultivation, size and abundance of berries.

Soil preparation

The planting site should be chosen in the southwestern, well-ventilated, sunny part of the site. Strawberries love warmth and light, the sweetness and juiciness of berries depends on it.

Soil preparation for strawberries

It is very important that the place for the beds is a little on a hill, high beds are ideal for growing. With stagnant water during the ripening period, the berry can be seriously damaged by fungal diseases, therefore it is recommended to drain the soil under the bed with broken brick or pebbles. The occurrence of groundwater should be at a level of 80 cm, the acidity level of the soil should not exceed pH 5.7-6.2.

Landing technology

Before planting, the seedlings are dipped in a 1% iodine solution and kept in a cool place for up to 3 days. If sowing is done with seeds, they should be soaked in warm water with a small amount of growth stimulant for 2 days.

Strawberries are planted on a cloudy day so that the seedlings can get used to the sunlight. The soil is preliminarily cleared of weeds and fertilized (70 grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of humus, 30 grams of ammonium nitrate and potassium salt are applied per 1 sq. M.).

Planting strawberry bushes in open ground

When planting seedlings, it is important to ensure that the root system fits well into the prepared hole, does not crumple or bend. If it does not work out, force cannot be used; the hole should be deepened.

After planting, watering is required, at least a liter of water for each bush, as well as fertilization of infusion on humus or manure. If there was no preliminary feeding, fertilize with a mixture of: ammonium nitrate 15 g, superphosphate 30 g and potassium salt 10 g per 1 sq. M.

Features of planting remontant strawberries

Planting remontant strawberries is best done in April - early May. During pre-sowing preparation, the seeds are soaked in water or growth regulator.

Growing remontant strawberries in the open field

When preparing beds for planting remontant varieties, broken bricks must be laid for drainage. A fertile layer is laid with humus with river sand and earth from the garden in equal proportions.

The seeding procedure is performed as follows:

  • Watering and making depressions at a distance of 5 cm from each other
  • The seeds are buried in the grooves by 0.5 cm.
  • Cover with glass or reinforced agrofilm from above.
  • After the sprouts appear, pinch the ends of the roots
  • The pinching procedure is repeated when 4-5 leaves appear.

A big plus of remontant strawberries in early and abundant fruiting. The harvest will have time to ripen before frost, and from 1 sq.m. you can collect up to 1 kg of berries.

Crop rotation for strawberries

Strawberries can be planted in the same place for 4 years, then they take a break for 2 years.

Strawberries are not very demanding on the mineral content in the soil, so it can be grown after many crops: radishes and turnips, parsley and spinach, radishes and dill, any legumes, carrots, corn, some bulbous flowers (tulips and hyacinths).

  • It is best to plant strawberries after green manure plants. Cereal crops are especially good.
  • Do not grow plants from the Rosaceae family nearby: raspberries, hawthorns, mountain ash or rose hips.
  • Legumes and corn are good neighbors as they supply nitrogen to the soil.

Growing and caring for strawberries

If watering is not so important for strawberries, then it is important to follow the feeding throughout the entire summer season. It is also necessary to trim the mustache in a timely manner, and cover the beds for the winter if necessary.

Fertilizing strawberries

Strawberry dressing

  • During the budding period, young strawberries are fed with potassium fertilizers (potassium sulfate, potassium magnesium, potassium chloride) according to the instructions on the package.
  • To increase the yield, the plant is sprayed with boric acid (1 tsp per 10 liters of water).

  • Adult strawberries are fertilized in early spring by adding nitroammofoska (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
  • During flowering, potash nitrate, chicken droppings or wood ash are added.
  • After harvesting, fertilize again with nitroammophos (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water).

  • At the end of summer, for a better harvest next year, the plant is fertilized with urea (30 g per 10 liters of water).
  • Reproduction and pruning

    Strawberries are propagated by seeds, mustache seedlings and bush division. The most popular method is mustache seedlings.

    Propagation of strawberries with whiskers or rosettes

    In the uterine bushes, the strongest mustache is left to form a rosette. 2 weeks before planting, the mustache, which connects the sockets with the uterine bush, is cut off. You can use uterine bushes for growing a mustache up to 3 years.

    Pruning the leaves in summer helps protect strawberries from disease and pests. The procedure is carried out in a dry morning or evening with a sharp pruner. Leave the "point of growth", stems and petioles up to 10 cm long. Only overgrown whiskers and leaves are removed.

    For the winter, strawberries should go after pruning, only young shoots are left. The cultivation and care of strawberries which are complemented by correct pruning is less sick and grows better.

    Mulching strawberries

    Strawberry mulching is carried out in the spring to avoid contact of the peduncles with the soil and in late autumn to protect against frost. Consider options for mulching strawberries.

    Mulching strawberries with straw

    • Organic mulch (compost, humus, grass cuttings, manure). Improves microbiological parameters and soil structure
    • Inorganic mulch (stone, granite, chips, black and colored polyethylene).

    Advantages of mulching with special purchased mulch paper:

    • Safety (does not contain harmful printing ink)
    • Does not rot, protects against fungi, weed germination and external influences (drying out from heat or freezing).

    Strawberry shelter for the winter

    Strawberry bushes require shelter for a harsh (up to -20 degrees Celsius) and little snow winter in order to avoid freezing of the roots. They begin to shelter at the onset of regular frosts, if it gets warmer, then the shelter is removed to avoid damping off. Light frosts help to harden the plant.

    Mulching strawberries with dry leaves for the winter

    Suitable as a covering material:

    • Pine spruce
    • Hay, straw, dry leaves
    • Agrofibre, Spunbond, Agrotex

    Strawberries, which take a lot of time and effort to care for, will definitely bring you a bountiful harvest. It is necessary to properly prepare the soil for planting and follow the rules for growing a crop and provide it with the best conditions for growth, then the berries will be sweet and large.


    Seedlings prepared in this way can be planted in the form of nests. In this case, the scheme for planting strawberries in the fall is suitable. That is, it is necessary to choose a time for work with optimal weather conditions no later than the second half of September. To implement the nesting method, you will need a large area. On it, the holes are placed as follows: they make the main one in the center, and 6 more pieces are dug around it at a distance of 7 cm. One bush is planted in them (less often two). The resulting hexagon will be the base of the row. Several more of the same hexagons are placed in it at a distance of 25 cm.In order to make the next row, about 40 cm recede from the first.The scheme for planting strawberries by the nesting method guarantees high yields (subject to the availability of high-quality seedlings).


    Landing methods

    Many gardeners use the method of planting strawberries on agrofibre. Procedure:

    1. Level the land on the site with a rake.
    2. Spread the agrofibre and secure with pegs or hooks.
    3. Outline future seedling holes in such a way that the distance between the bushes is at least 30 cm, and between the rows - 40-45 cm.
    4. Make cruciform incisions in the agrofibre and dig a hole under each of them. Pour water into it and wait for it to absorb.
    5. When planting a seedling, make sure that the growth point is at the level of the soil surface.
    6. Cover the hole with dry soil and tamp. After that, water again.

    You can see how such beds look in the photo.

    The traditional planting method is not much different from the above method. But here it is advisable to adhere to a certain arrangement of the bushes. In the classic version, the bushes are at a distance of 15 cm from each other, and the rows are 60 cm.

    If you want to protect the plants from weeds, then there should be a distance of 7 cm between the holes, and 30 cm between the rows. But in this case, the berries will not be large.

    In the video for novice gardeners, you can consider in more detail the process of planting seedlings.

    We really hope that among our readers there are professionals with experience in growing strawberries. Share it in the comments below this article.

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    Watch the video: Time Lapse of Strawberry Plant


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