Cherry Vladimir: we grow an unpretentious fruitful variety


Cherry Vladimirskaya is one of the most common crops in the middle lane, which gardeners appreciate for a high-quality harvest. The berries have a pleasant taste and are versatile.

What is remarkable about the Vladimirskaya cherry variety?

The history of this variety goes back several centuries. The origin of Vladimirskaya has not been established for certain. However, there is an assumption that in the 16th century this culture was brought to the territory of the modern Vladimir region by monks. Since 1947, cherries have been actively cultivated in the central regions.

Cherry Vladimirskaya is an unpretentious variety of medium ripening

Today there are several varieties of Vladimirskaya, which arose as a result of the multiplication of culture. This led to the emergence of alternative names for cherries:

  • Poditeleva;
  • Izbyletskaya;
  • Dobroselskaya;
  • Gorbatovskaya;
  • Vyaznikovskaya.

The characteristic features of the variety are as follows:

  1. Vladimirskaya belongs to bushy undersized varieties of cherry. Plant height varies from 2.5 to 5 m. The grafted trees have one stem. The bark is ash-gray, the surface is flaky, covered with longitudinal cracks.
  2. The crown is rounded, slightly leafy. As the tree develops, it takes on a spreading appearance. This is due to the raising of the skeletal branches that extend from the stem at an angle of 60 °.
  3. Annual shoots are yellow-brown in color, covered with a gray bloom at the base. Generative buds are oval, vegetative - conical.
  4. Leaves are dark green, medium in size with a matte surface. The shape of the plates is ovoid or oval. The upper and lower parts are pointed. The edges are framed by double serrated serration. The leaves are folded in the shape of a boat. This is considered a characteristic feature of the Vladimirskaya variety. The petioles are of average thickness, grow up to 1.2 cm in length.
  5. The inflorescences consist of 5-7 medium-sized flowers. About 80% of fruits are formed on one-year shoots.
  6. Berries range in size from small to medium. Their mass reaches 2.5–3.4 g. The shape of the fruit is round, slightly compressed. The abdominal suture is not very pronounced. The funnel is small. The skin is dark red, its surface is covered with many gray dots. The pulp is fragrant, has a dense fibrous structure. It is colored dark red. The taste is sweet and sour with a predominance of acid. The juice is dark burgundy, has a thick consistency.
  7. The stone is brown, oval, brown in color. The separation from the pulp is good. The peduncle is thin, the separation from ripe fruits is dry.

Video: description of the culture

Table: strengths and weaknesses of the variety

Benefitsdisadvantages
High taste of berriesLow frost resistance of generative buds
Fruit versatilityTendency to moniliosis and coccomycosis
Early maturity (yields a harvest 2-3 years after planting a seedling)The dependence of fruiting on the climatic factors of the region
Self-infertility
Scattering of ripe fruits in case of late harvest

Pollinators

The Vladimirskaya variety is self-infertile, therefore, pollinators are planted next to the cherry to obtain a harvest. The list of varieties that are suitable for this purpose is quite wide. This could be:

  • Turgenevka;
  • The fur coat is pink;
  • Consumer goods are black;
  • The bottle is pink;
  • Rustunya;
  • Vasilievskaya;
  • Fertile Michurina;
  • Moscow Griot;
  • Amorel pink;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Lotovaya.

Cherries are planted in a sunny area next to pollinating trees

Planting a tree

Preparing for planting should begin with choosing a location. In this case, you need to take into account the features of cherries:

  1. The culture does not develop well in conditions of high acidity, therefore, the soil for it is selected with a neutral indicator.
  2. Cherry prefers loamy, sandy loam or clayey soil.
  3. The occurrence of waters should not exceed a level of 1.5 m.
  4. The tree needs a lot of sunlight. You should not choose a plot in a shady place.
  5. Cherries also need to provide protection from the wind. For landing, it is recommended to choose hills located in the south, west or south-west direction. But places located on the northeastern, eastern and northern slopes should be avoided..

Important! For Vladimirskaya, protection from winds is especially relevant, its generative buds do not tolerate low temperatures poorly, and gusts of wind in winter can increase freezing.

For planting, you must choose the healthiest seedlings

Cherries are planted in autumn (in September or the first half of October) or in spring (in April). A one-year or two-year-old seedling is suitable for planting. When buying, you should pay attention to the following factors:

  1. The height of the trunk. The optimal figure for cherries is 50-60 cm. The size of the tree will depend on this.
  2. A high-quality seedling has a developed root system with a length of 40 cm or more, consisting of skeletal and overgrown roots without outgrowths.
  3. There should be no mechanical damage on the stem. The thickness of a healthy tree at the level of the root collar reaches 1.5 cm.
  4. The ground part should consist of a conductor and three or four side branches.
  5. You should not choose trees with a stem height exceeding 1.5 m and no shoots. Such plants are especially susceptible to disease.

Before planting, seedlings should be dug in... It is necessary to choose a shaded area, since in such a place in the spring the snow does not melt longer, which is a shelter for the plant from frost. For a seedling, they dig a hole 40 cm deep, one of its sides is formed in the form of a slope at an angle of 45 °. Then cherries are placed in it, the roots and the third part of the trunk are covered with earth. In winter, the plant is covered with snow.

Cherries are planted in loamy, sandy loam or clayey soil

The planting process is carried out in this order:

  1. Cherries are planted in a pit 50 cm deep and 60–80 cm wide. When preparing a site, you need to focus on the size of the horse system. It should fit freely in the pit in a straightened state.
  2. In this case, the upper and lower layers of the soil are laid separately. Only the soil is fertile up to a depth of 30 cm. This soil is mixed with 10 kg of humus, 30 g of superphosphate, 1 kg of ash and 25 g of potassium chloride. An additional bucket of sand is added to the clay soil.
  3. The roots are preliminarily examined. If damaged or dried out areas are found, they are cut off. A slightly dried root system is immersed in water for 3-4 hours.
  4. A wooden peg is hammered in the middle of the pit. Then the nutrient composition is poured in the form of a tubercle, the height of which should be such that the root collar exceeds the surface by 5 cm.
  5. Next, the pit is completely filled with soil and slightly compacted.
  6. 30-40 cm recede from the plant, dig a hole in a circle and pour 20 liters of water over the cherry.
  7. The tree is fixed to the support.
  8. The trunk circle is mulched with peat, humus or sawdust. This will help slow the evaporation of moisture from the soil. Trees are planted every 2–2.5 m.

Video: practical tips for planting culture

Plant care

Proper care will allow you to get a bountiful harvest of berries.

Loosening and watering the soil

Since spring, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the plant to a level of 10-15 cm. During the season, the procedure is performed three times when a soil crust forms. Also, in the near-stem area, weeds should be disposed of.

Cherries can tolerate a lack of moisture, but regular watering has a positive effect on the development of the tree and fruiting. In this case, it is necessary to adhere to a certain schedule. Watering too often can harm the cherries. With excessive moisture, air is displaced from the soil, which disrupts the development of the root system.

Watering is a mandatory step in caring for a cherry tree

Moistening is carried out according to the projection of the crown. Around the tree, the top layer of soil is removed to a depth of 10 cm, where water is supplied. You can also use drip irrigation. This method consists in the use of a special tape, which is laid in the form of a spiral with a distance of 30 cm. The droppers should be placed every 20-30 cm.

Important! Watering in autumn promotes root growth, keeps the soil warm and prevents the tree from drying out.

Table: tree watering schedule

Watering timeWater consumption per tree
After flowering is complete50–70 l
At the stage of ovary formation
In the beginning of September
First half of October150 - 200 l

Fertilizing crops

During the growing season, cherries consume a significant amount of nutrients, especially during the fruiting stage. Therefore, the supply of substances in the soil must be replenished. Fertilizers are used from the third year after planting. Until this time, the tree consumes the previously applied top dressing.

Top dressing will improve yield indicators

Table: scheme for feeding cherries

Feeding periodNutrient mixtures
Early spring60–70 g of ammonium nitrate
At the flowering stage
  • 10 l mullein;
  • 1 kg of ash;
  • 5 liters of water.
(the norm for one tree is 2-3 liters);
In 2 weeks
  • 25 g superphosphate;
  • 15 g of urea;
  • 10 liters of water.
In October
  • 150 g superphosphate;
  • 60 g of potassium chloride.
1 time in 2-3 years during the digging process 10-15 kg of compost or rotted manure is introduced into the soil

Crown molding

In the second year, in early spring, they start pruning cherries. The stem should be 50 cm from the ground. The crown is formed from 7-8 skeletal shoots, located at a distance of 10-15 cm. In subsequent years, pruning is carried out in order to thin out the crown. Excess branches are removed to the ring.

Important! Annual shoots of bushy cherries, to which Vladimirskaya belongs, should not be shortened, as this will lead to their drying out.

Detailed diagram for molding cherry crown

When dried branches begin to appear on the tree, you need to start rejuvenating it... For this, a few (2-3 pcs.) Of the most branched root suckers are left, from which young trunks will form. Over time, the cherry will turn into a bush with branches of varying ages growing from the ground.

Preparing for winter

After the leaves fall off, you should start preparing the cherries for the winter period:

  1. The trunk circle is cleaned of plant residues, the soil is fertilized, watered, dug up to a level of 15–20 cm.
  2. Then mulch with organic material in a layer up to 20 cm.
  3. The surface of the trunk and skeletal branches is cleaned of parasitic plants, dead bark and covered with two layers of whitewash. The composition is prepared from 10 liters of water, 500 g of ferrous sulfate, 2 kg of slaked lime and 100 g of wood glue or 200 g of flour paste.
  4. The trunk and the base of the branches are wrapped in paper, which is removed with the onset of spring.

Before wintering, the trunk must be cleaned and whitewashed.

Diseases and pests

Vladimirskaya is especially susceptible to fungal infections.

Table: diseases characteristic of Vladimirskaya

DiseasesSigns of defeatTreatment methodsPrevention
Coccomycosis
  • the leaves are covered with red dots, which begin to grow and become spots;
  • a light pink bloom appears on the back of the plates.
  1. Spraying at the stage of leafing with 3% Bordeaux liquid.
  2. After the flowers have fallen off, treatment with a 0.4% solution of copper oxychloride, and after harvesting, the use of 1% Bordeaux liquid.
Cleansing the trunk circle from fallen leaves.
Moniliosis
  • gray growths form on the bark and fruits;
  • sick berries rot;
  • gum appears on the tree.
Before bud break, use 3% ferrous sulfate or Bordeaux liquid, after flowering, sprinkle with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
  1. Pruning damaged branches, while grasping 10 cm of healthy tissue.
  2. Harvesting affected fruits.
Hole spot
  • brown spots appear on the leaf plates;
  • tissue falls out in the affected areas, as a result of which holes are formed;
  • the fruits are covered with red spots and dry out.
  • the bark cracks and gum appears on the tree.
Pruning diseased branches, processing cracks in the bark with garden pitch.
Anthracnose
  • the fruits are covered with dull spots, in the place of which tubercles are formed;
  • the berries dry out and mummify.
Spraying before and after flowering, as well as after 15 days with Oxyhom (20 g per 10 l of water).Removal and incineration of mummified fruits.

Photo gallery: common cultural illnesses

Table: variety pests

PestsSignsControl methodsPrevention measures
Cherry aphidThe larvae feed on the sap of the leaves, the affected plates fold and dry out.Spraying during bud break with Karbofos (75 g per 10 l).Removal of root growth.
Slimy sawflyOvipositions appear on the underside of the leaf plates.
  1. Processing in July with Karbofos (20 g per 10 l).
  2. After flowering and harvesting, the Spark solution is applied (1 tablet per 10 l).
Digging soil under a tree.
MothCaterpillars eat leaves and buds, causing them to dry out.When budding and budding, treatment with Karbofos (75 g per 10 l).Loosening of the near-stem section in the second decade of June.

Photo Gallery: Insects Attacking a Tree

Harvesting

Vladimirskaya begins to bear fruit in 2-3 years after planting. Productivity depends on climatic factors and growing area. The overall productivity of the crop is rated from medium to good. In the northern regions, a maximum of 5 kg of berries are harvested from a 10-year-old tree. The yield of trees growing in the middle lane reaches 25 kg.

Cherry Vladimirskaya is used for the preparation of desserts, drinks, preparations and freezing

The variety has a universal purpose. Berries are consumed fresh or used for processing. Good compotes, preserves, juices, marmalades, jams, dried fruits are obtained from Vladimirskaya cherries. The fruits are used as a filling or decoration in the manufacture of confectionery, they are also suitable for freezing.

Gardeners reviews

When growing Vladimirovskaya, one must take into account the low resistance of the variety to low temperatures and the tendency to fungal diseases. You can protect the tree through preventive measures. You should also pay attention to preparing the plant for winter.


If each cherry variety had its own pedigree, then the Vladimirskaya variety would have no competitors in terms of the antiquity of the genus. Its origins can be seen somewhere in the Middle Ages.

The generally accepted version is that the first trees were brought by Yuri Dolgorukov's retinue from near Kiev in the middle of the 12th century to his native Suzdal land, and then Yuri's son Andrei Bogolyubsky laid cherry orchards near Vladimir. Be that as it may, years and centuries of folk selection passed before the thermophilic Kiev cherries acclimatized in the harsh conditions of the middle zone and acquired the features for which the Vladimir cherry is so popular.

It is interesting! In Vladimir, grateful descendants erected a monument to the variety, because once the cherry craft was the main source of income for local residents.

Patriarchal Garden of Vladimir - Cherry Monument


Landing features

Cherry trees of this variety are unpretentious in care, but the planting, which determines the further development and fruiting, should be carried out without deviating from the rules.

Selection of seedlings

To eliminate confusion with the variety of seedlings, they should be purchased only in nurseries where they are grown. In case of purchasing planting material in other places, the declared qualities of the variety may be absent. Moreover, it will be possible to make sure of this only in a few years.

It is better to buy cherry seedlings in the fall.There are more varieties on sale, and the seedlings themselves are stronger after the summer. In the spring, autumn leftovers are usually sold out and there can be no certainty that they were stored correctly.

In folk medicine, cherries are used as antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial medicine.

When buying, it is advisable to do the following.

  1. It is recommended to choose a one-year-old seedling, because they take root better, and besides, they are cheaper. One-year-old cherries are 85 to 95 cm in height, from 8 branches, 10–20 cm long, and the roots are about 25 cm.
  2. It is imperative to find a place of budding, located 5-15 centimeters above the root collar, to make sure that you are being offered a full-fledged varietal seedling, and not a seedling. At this point, the stem is slightly curved.
  3. The roots and aerial part of the plant should not have growths, cracks, stripped bark, broken twigs.
  4. When bending a small root into a ringlet, it should bend without crunching, be slightly elastic, moist, and have a whitish-brown color. It's the same with twigs. When folded, the bark gathers in small folds, but does not exfoliate. In other cases, the seedlings are overdried and it is better not to buy them.
  5. There should be no leaves on the seedlings. This is a GOST requirement.

When buying, you need to clarify the characteristics of the variety, especially the flowering period, as well as learn about the pollinator varieties and, if possible, purchase them.

Cherry seedlings are best bought in the fall

After purchase, the trees should be prepared for transportation and storage. So that the roots do not dry out, they should be dipped in a clay mash. It is prepared by diluting the clay in half with the garden soil with water to the consistency of sour cream. The roots of the seedlings are dipped in this mixture, and then sprinkled with sawdust. Seedlings prepared in this way should be packed in a wide plastic bag. Trash bags work well.

If the planting material is purchased in the fall, and planting is planned in the spring, it is dropped into the groove horizontally. The trunk and crown should be protected from mice with agrofibre or tar paper. Overwintered plants grow very well in spring.


Cherry variety Turgenevskaya - photo and description, especially cultivation and care

Hello dear readers of my blog.

What kinds of cherries do not exist - Kharitonovskaya, Molodezhnaya, so Turgenevskaya was very interested in me, because the arrangement of its fruits is such that it is very convenient to harvest.

If you are also looking for a variety suitable for your site, pay attention to the Turgenevskaya cherry variety, a photo and description of which I present on the pages of my site.

Description

We are talking about seedlings obtained in 1979 during the pollination of such a popular variety as Zhukovskaya. As a result, a variety was purchased that was zoned for central Russia, that is, it is resistant to severe frosts and a number of diseases. The tree reaches a height of 3 m and has an erect crown shape.

Shoots of medium length are brownish-brown in color, and a grayish-brown color is characteristic of the trunk. In addition, Turgenevka cherry is distinguished by narrow oblong leaves of a dark emerald color with a sharp top and a shiny surface.

The tree blooms profusely with delicate white inflorescences that do not resist frost well and this must be remembered. Already at the beginning of July, fruits ripen with the shape of a heart, blood red with a dense and juicy pulp. The seed of this variety is very small and easily separates from the pulp. More than 10 kg of berries can be obtained from each tree, but this is possible only 4–5 years after rooting.

The berries themselves are quite large - they reach 5 g in weight, taste sweet and sour and have a rich chemical composition. They are classified as universal, that is, used both in pure form and processed to make jams, compotes, preserves, etc.

Turgenevka is referred to as partially self-fertile cherries, that is, she needs pollinators, which include Molodezhnaya, Favorit, Lyubskaya. Generative buds are characterized by average winter hardiness and the same applies to resistance to fungal diseases. If you remove the berries too early, they will not pick up sweetness and will have a mediocre sour taste.

Growing features

Planting and care involves rooting the seedling in sandy loam soil with the addition of humus, superphosphate, wood ash and potassium chloride to the soil. Do not forget about an important feature: groundwater should run no higher than 1.5 meters from the surface. Make a hole near the trunk and water the cherries on it, you can additionally do mulching.

Fertilize the tree in spring, after discoloration and in the middle of summer, using mineral fertilizers and chicken droppings. The soil on the surface must be loosened, weeds must be removed, and at the first signs of the disease, treated with special preparations, but it is better to do this in the spring for prevention.

In the first 12 months after planting, cherries need to be watered often, preventing the soil from drying out.

This is what she is, the Turgenevka cherry. When growing, some gardeners achieve such a result that the branches of the tree lean directly to the ground under the weight of the berries, and I really want to achieve the same effect!

If you already have a similar experience, tell me and all the readers about it - we will have something to discuss. And don't forget to subscribe to the latest articles on my blog. Good luck!


Diseases and pests

The described garden variety is one of the few that is resistant to scab. But at the same time, Griot Moscow cherry is susceptible to fungal diseases (coccomycosis and moniliosis). As a result, colored swollen spots are formed on the surface of the leaves of the culture, and a pale pink bloom appears on the back of them. 2-3 years after the disease, the tree dies.

At the first signs of a fungal disease, the culture is sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid. The first procedure is carried out in the spring. The tree is sprayed again after flowering with copper oxychloride. The last antifungal treatment is carried out in the fall after harvest. A 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid is used.

In autumn, fallen leaves affected by the infection are burned, leaving them on the site is prohibited. They are a source of infection for neighboring horticultural crops.

To protect against pests, the treatment in spring and autumn of trunks and shoots with a solution of lime helps well.


Description of culture

There are distinctive features of the Shokoladnitsa cherry variety. The height of a tree in an adult state can reach 2.5 meters, while the maximum growth is gained by the third or fourth year of the plant's life. The crown is usually an inverted pyramidal shape. The leaves, like most cherry varieties, are spiky, without a characteristic sheen, dark green. Inflorescences are white.

The dark color of the berries and the slight bitterness in the taste can be confusing. By the taste of the berries, it is not always clear what the Shokoladnitsa is: a cherry or a cherry. This is a cherry variety, the berries of which have a dark shade, sweet taste, with a note of sourness and bitterness.


Watch the video: Try Growing Barbados Cherry for Hot Climates low chill How-to Superfood


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