Cherry Vladimirskaya is one of the most common crops in the middle lane, which gardeners appreciate for a high-quality harvest. The berries have a pleasant taste and are versatile.
The history of this variety goes back several centuries. The origin of Vladimirskaya has not been established for certain. However, there is an assumption that in the 16th century this culture was brought to the territory of the modern Vladimir region by monks. Since 1947, cherries have been actively cultivated in the central regions.
Cherry Vladimirskaya is an unpretentious variety of medium ripening
Today there are several varieties of Vladimirskaya, which arose as a result of the multiplication of culture. This led to the emergence of alternative names for cherries:
The characteristic features of the variety are as follows:
|High taste of berries||Low frost resistance of generative buds|
|Fruit versatility||Tendency to moniliosis and coccomycosis|
|Early maturity (yields a harvest 2-3 years after planting a seedling)||The dependence of fruiting on the climatic factors of the region|
|Scattering of ripe fruits in case of late harvest|
The Vladimirskaya variety is self-infertile, therefore, pollinators are planted next to the cherry to obtain a harvest. The list of varieties that are suitable for this purpose is quite wide. This could be:
Cherries are planted in a sunny area next to pollinating trees
Preparing for planting should begin with choosing a location. In this case, you need to take into account the features of cherries:
Important! For Vladimirskaya, protection from winds is especially relevant, its generative buds do not tolerate low temperatures poorly, and gusts of wind in winter can increase freezing.
For planting, you must choose the healthiest seedlings
Cherries are planted in autumn (in September or the first half of October) or in spring (in April). A one-year or two-year-old seedling is suitable for planting. When buying, you should pay attention to the following factors:
Before planting, seedlings should be dug in... It is necessary to choose a shaded area, since in such a place in the spring the snow does not melt longer, which is a shelter for the plant from frost. For a seedling, they dig a hole 40 cm deep, one of its sides is formed in the form of a slope at an angle of 45 °. Then cherries are placed in it, the roots and the third part of the trunk are covered with earth. In winter, the plant is covered with snow.
Cherries are planted in loamy, sandy loam or clayey soil
The planting process is carried out in this order:
Proper care will allow you to get a bountiful harvest of berries.
Since spring, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the plant to a level of 10-15 cm. During the season, the procedure is performed three times when a soil crust forms. Also, in the near-stem area, weeds should be disposed of.
Cherries can tolerate a lack of moisture, but regular watering has a positive effect on the development of the tree and fruiting. In this case, it is necessary to adhere to a certain schedule. Watering too often can harm the cherries. With excessive moisture, air is displaced from the soil, which disrupts the development of the root system.
Watering is a mandatory step in caring for a cherry tree
Moistening is carried out according to the projection of the crown. Around the tree, the top layer of soil is removed to a depth of 10 cm, where water is supplied. You can also use drip irrigation. This method consists in the use of a special tape, which is laid in the form of a spiral with a distance of 30 cm. The droppers should be placed every 20-30 cm.
Important! Watering in autumn promotes root growth, keeps the soil warm and prevents the tree from drying out.
|Watering time||Water consumption per tree|
|After flowering is complete||50–70 l|
|At the stage of ovary formation|
|In the beginning of September|
|First half of October||150 - 200 l|
During the growing season, cherries consume a significant amount of nutrients, especially during the fruiting stage. Therefore, the supply of substances in the soil must be replenished. Fertilizers are used from the third year after planting. Until this time, the tree consumes the previously applied top dressing.
Top dressing will improve yield indicators
|Feeding period||Nutrient mixtures|
|Early spring||60–70 g of ammonium nitrate|
|At the flowering stage|
|In 2 weeks|
|1 time in 2-3 years during the digging process 10-15 kg of compost or rotted manure is introduced into the soil|
In the second year, in early spring, they start pruning cherries. The stem should be 50 cm from the ground. The crown is formed from 7-8 skeletal shoots, located at a distance of 10-15 cm. In subsequent years, pruning is carried out in order to thin out the crown. Excess branches are removed to the ring.
Important! Annual shoots of bushy cherries, to which Vladimirskaya belongs, should not be shortened, as this will lead to their drying out.
Detailed diagram for molding cherry crown
When dried branches begin to appear on the tree, you need to start rejuvenating it... For this, a few (2-3 pcs.) Of the most branched root suckers are left, from which young trunks will form. Over time, the cherry will turn into a bush with branches of varying ages growing from the ground.
After the leaves fall off, you should start preparing the cherries for the winter period:
Before wintering, the trunk must be cleaned and whitewashed.
Vladimirskaya is especially susceptible to fungal infections.
|Diseases||Signs of defeat||Treatment methods||Prevention|
|Coccomycosis||Cleansing the trunk circle from fallen leaves.|
|Moniliosis||Before bud break, use 3% ferrous sulfate or Bordeaux liquid, after flowering, sprinkle with 1% Bordeaux liquid.|
|Hole spot||Pruning diseased branches, processing cracks in the bark with garden pitch.|
|Anthracnose||Spraying before and after flowering, as well as after 15 days with Oxyhom (20 g per 10 l of water).||Removal and incineration of mummified fruits.|
|Pests||Signs||Control methods||Prevention measures|
|Cherry aphid||The larvae feed on the sap of the leaves, the affected plates fold and dry out.||Spraying during bud break with Karbofos (75 g per 10 l).||Removal of root growth.|
|Slimy sawfly||Ovipositions appear on the underside of the leaf plates.||Digging soil under a tree.|
|Moth||Caterpillars eat leaves and buds, causing them to dry out.||When budding and budding, treatment with Karbofos (75 g per 10 l).||Loosening of the near-stem section in the second decade of June.|
Vladimirskaya begins to bear fruit in 2-3 years after planting. Productivity depends on climatic factors and growing area. The overall productivity of the crop is rated from medium to good. In the northern regions, a maximum of 5 kg of berries are harvested from a 10-year-old tree. The yield of trees growing in the middle lane reaches 25 kg.
Cherry Vladimirskaya is used for the preparation of desserts, drinks, preparations and freezing
The variety has a universal purpose. Berries are consumed fresh or used for processing. Good compotes, preserves, juices, marmalades, jams, dried fruits are obtained from Vladimirskaya cherries. The fruits are used as a filling or decoration in the manufacture of confectionery, they are also suitable for freezing.
When growing Vladimirovskaya, one must take into account the low resistance of the variety to low temperatures and the tendency to fungal diseases. You can protect the tree through preventive measures. You should also pay attention to preparing the plant for winter.
If each cherry variety had its own pedigree, then the Vladimirskaya variety would have no competitors in terms of the antiquity of the genus. Its origins can be seen somewhere in the Middle Ages.
The generally accepted version is that the first trees were brought by Yuri Dolgorukov's retinue from near Kiev in the middle of the 12th century to his native Suzdal land, and then Yuri's son Andrei Bogolyubsky laid cherry orchards near Vladimir. Be that as it may, years and centuries of folk selection passed before the thermophilic Kiev cherries acclimatized in the harsh conditions of the middle zone and acquired the features for which the Vladimir cherry is so popular.
It is interesting! In Vladimir, grateful descendants erected a monument to the variety, because once the cherry craft was the main source of income for local residents.
Patriarchal Garden of Vladimir - Cherry Monument
Cherry trees of this variety are unpretentious in care, but the planting, which determines the further development and fruiting, should be carried out without deviating from the rules.
To eliminate confusion with the variety of seedlings, they should be purchased only in nurseries where they are grown. In case of purchasing planting material in other places, the declared qualities of the variety may be absent. Moreover, it will be possible to make sure of this only in a few years.
It is better to buy cherry seedlings in the fall.There are more varieties on sale, and the seedlings themselves are stronger after the summer. In the spring, autumn leftovers are usually sold out and there can be no certainty that they were stored correctly.
In folk medicine, cherries are used as antipyretic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial medicine.
When buying, it is advisable to do the following.
When buying, you need to clarify the characteristics of the variety, especially the flowering period, as well as learn about the pollinator varieties and, if possible, purchase them.
Cherry seedlings are best bought in the fall
After purchase, the trees should be prepared for transportation and storage. So that the roots do not dry out, they should be dipped in a clay mash. It is prepared by diluting the clay in half with the garden soil with water to the consistency of sour cream. The roots of the seedlings are dipped in this mixture, and then sprinkled with sawdust. Seedlings prepared in this way should be packed in a wide plastic bag. Trash bags work well.
If the planting material is purchased in the fall, and planting is planned in the spring, it is dropped into the groove horizontally. The trunk and crown should be protected from mice with agrofibre or tar paper. Overwintered plants grow very well in spring.
Hello dear readers of my blog.
What kinds of cherries do not exist - Kharitonovskaya, Molodezhnaya, so Turgenevskaya was very interested in me, because the arrangement of its fruits is such that it is very convenient to harvest.
If you are also looking for a variety suitable for your site, pay attention to the Turgenevskaya cherry variety, a photo and description of which I present on the pages of my site.
We are talking about seedlings obtained in 1979 during the pollination of such a popular variety as Zhukovskaya. As a result, a variety was purchased that was zoned for central Russia, that is, it is resistant to severe frosts and a number of diseases. The tree reaches a height of 3 m and has an erect crown shape.
Shoots of medium length are brownish-brown in color, and a grayish-brown color is characteristic of the trunk. In addition, Turgenevka cherry is distinguished by narrow oblong leaves of a dark emerald color with a sharp top and a shiny surface.
The tree blooms profusely with delicate white inflorescences that do not resist frost well and this must be remembered. Already at the beginning of July, fruits ripen with the shape of a heart, blood red with a dense and juicy pulp. The seed of this variety is very small and easily separates from the pulp. More than 10 kg of berries can be obtained from each tree, but this is possible only 4–5 years after rooting.
The berries themselves are quite large - they reach 5 g in weight, taste sweet and sour and have a rich chemical composition. They are classified as universal, that is, used both in pure form and processed to make jams, compotes, preserves, etc.
Turgenevka is referred to as partially self-fertile cherries, that is, she needs pollinators, which include Molodezhnaya, Favorit, Lyubskaya. Generative buds are characterized by average winter hardiness and the same applies to resistance to fungal diseases. If you remove the berries too early, they will not pick up sweetness and will have a mediocre sour taste.
Planting and care involves rooting the seedling in sandy loam soil with the addition of humus, superphosphate, wood ash and potassium chloride to the soil. Do not forget about an important feature: groundwater should run no higher than 1.5 meters from the surface. Make a hole near the trunk and water the cherries on it, you can additionally do mulching.
Fertilize the tree in spring, after discoloration and in the middle of summer, using mineral fertilizers and chicken droppings. The soil on the surface must be loosened, weeds must be removed, and at the first signs of the disease, treated with special preparations, but it is better to do this in the spring for prevention.
In the first 12 months after planting, cherries need to be watered often, preventing the soil from drying out.
This is what she is, the Turgenevka cherry. When growing, some gardeners achieve such a result that the branches of the tree lean directly to the ground under the weight of the berries, and I really want to achieve the same effect!
If you already have a similar experience, tell me and all the readers about it - we will have something to discuss. And don't forget to subscribe to the latest articles on my blog. Good luck!
The described garden variety is one of the few that is resistant to scab. But at the same time, Griot Moscow cherry is susceptible to fungal diseases (coccomycosis and moniliosis). As a result, colored swollen spots are formed on the surface of the leaves of the culture, and a pale pink bloom appears on the back of them. 2-3 years after the disease, the tree dies.
At the first signs of a fungal disease, the culture is sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid. The first procedure is carried out in the spring. The tree is sprayed again after flowering with copper oxychloride. The last antifungal treatment is carried out in the fall after harvest. A 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid is used.
In autumn, fallen leaves affected by the infection are burned, leaving them on the site is prohibited. They are a source of infection for neighboring horticultural crops.
To protect against pests, the treatment in spring and autumn of trunks and shoots with a solution of lime helps well.
There are distinctive features of the Shokoladnitsa cherry variety. The height of a tree in an adult state can reach 2.5 meters, while the maximum growth is gained by the third or fourth year of the plant's life. The crown is usually an inverted pyramidal shape. The leaves, like most cherry varieties, are spiky, without a characteristic sheen, dark green. Inflorescences are white.
The dark color of the berries and the slight bitterness in the taste can be confusing. By the taste of the berries, it is not always clear what the Shokoladnitsa is: a cherry or a cherry. This is a cherry variety, the berries of which have a dark shade, sweet taste, with a note of sourness and bitterness.