Zucchini are very similar in appearance to pumpkin, which is not surprising, since both of these plants are varieties one botanical species... But, unlike pumpkin, internodes on above-ground shoots of zucchini are shorter, therefore, zucchini does not form long lashes, but grows in a bush.
Like pumpkin, squash is of American origin. Nowadays it is widely cultivated all over the world. In Russia, it is grown almost everywhere, but due to its early maturity and cold resistance, it is most common in the Non-Chernozem zone. In the southern regions, the zucchini culture is less successful due to the high summer temperatures, which are undesirable for him.
Zucchini can be grown by any gardener, if he knows some moments of their agricultural technology .
In our northern climate, it is better to grow zucchini through seedlings. In this case, the harvest can be obtained at an earlier date, as well as lengthen the period of consumption of zucchini. We sow zucchini seeds in 1-2 decades of May. It is advisable to place them in a fertile mixture of humus and sod land (3: 1). Seedlings can be sown not at the same time, but at intervals of a week and a half, which will extend the fruiting period.
We grow seedlings in well-lit windows. The optimum temperature regime before the emergence of seedlings is + 18 ... + 25 ° C, after their emergence at night + 12 ... + 15 ° C, during the day + 15 ... + 20 ° C.
We plant zucchini seedlings in the prepared area when the frost has passed (at the beginning of June). At the same time, it is important not to outgrow it and plant it in the phase of 1-2 true leaves; at a later age, the plants are sick for a long time, it is difficult to take root. We plant the seedlings in pits with a diameter of 30-40 cm, a depth of 25-30 cm.Previously, we put rotted manure or humus in the planting pits - zucchini are very fond of organic matter, we can say this about them: how much fertilizer will you put, you will get so much harvest. Therefore, under each bush, you can safely lay half a bucket of manure, mixing it with the ground.
In a dry summer, planting zucchini should be watered abundantly, especially during the period of mass flowering and fruiting. It is better to do this in the afternoon.
Zucchini is an early ripening culture, the fruits reach technical ripeness 40-60 days after germination. Zucchini fruits are usually harvested not at once, but selectively, when they reach a length of 15-20 cm.Later, when the zucchini fruits reach biological ripeness, their pulp becomes less juicy and tough, but such fruits are stored longer. Particularly stable varieties can be used for food even in winter (varieties Negritenok, Fazan). Although it is better to immediately put the fruits of the zucchini into action, especially since the pulp of the zucchini fruits can prepare many delicious meals: squash caviar, sauces, soups, pancakes, or you can preserve them for the winter.
Young squash is rich in fiber, which is easily absorbed by the body, as it contains soft dietary fiber that stimulates intestinal function. Zucchini fiber has the ability to absorb toxic substances, excess water and cholesterol, and then remove them from the body. Zucchini are rich in trace elements and vitamins: they contain 5.2% carbohydrates, 0.6% protein, ascorbic acid (vitamin C), carotene, pectin substances and mineral salts of potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron. Potassium salts in zucchini are one and a half times more than in white cabbage.
Aral zucchini in early July
They are divided into white, yellow and green zucchini. From green-fruited I can recommend the hybrid Hobby F1 - early maturing, from germination to the first collection of 40-45 days. Fruits are cylindrical, 12-14 cm long, 4-4.5 cm in diameter, weighing 0.3-0.6 kg, they are light green in color.
Zucchini Diamant F1 is also an early ripe hybrid, the fruits are dark green, shiny. The pulp is white, tender, sweet with few seeds. Fruit weight is about 1 kg.
Arlika zucchini is very fruitful, characterized by a long fruiting period. Lazy. The fruits are light green.
Once upon a time, we were recommended to grow two varieties of Sukha and Aral from white-fruited zucchini - early ripening high-yielding hybrids. We have never been disappointed in them.
From yellow-fruited varieties, we have successfully grown the variety Zheltoplodny with elongated-cylindrical fruits weighing 0.7-1.8 kg of yellow color. The variety is early maturing, the period from germination to fruiting is 45-60 days. Also Yellow-fruited is the Golda variety, which is distinguished by abundant fruiting of golden-orange fruits weighing up to 2.5-3 kg.
In the garden bed after zucchini, other crops grow well (with the exception of the pumpkin family), since the soil is very fertilized. But if you apply the appropriate doses of fertilizers under the zucchini each time, then this crop can be grown in one place for more than one year.
Read the next part. Zucchini recipes →
Vorobyova Maria, Pavlovsk
Zucchini "Gentle Zephyr" - one of the most decorative zucchini, created as a result of interspecific hybridization. A distinctive feature of this zucchini is that it has a bicolor color, and these are not transverse stripes, like most zucchini. At the squash "Delicate marshmallow" the fruit is as if divided into two parts, one of which is yellowish, and the other is closer to the tip, light green. And it looks so neat, as if the artist painted the fruits. Also, near the tip, a noticeable ribbing appears at the zucchini.
Zucchini bush "Gentle Zephyr". © seedspost Zucchini "Gentle Zephyr". © sveklon Zucchini "Delicate Zephyr" in the context. © sveklon
Another distinctive feature of this variety is a very delicate sweetish taste. At the same time, it is noted that it is so delicate and tasty that it can be eaten raw.
These zucchini are harvested at the stage of milk ripeness, when they reach a value of 10-15 cm. If the fruits are harvested at biological maturity, they will have good keeping quality until spring. The variety is early ripe and the first fruits can be harvested in 30-40 days. The plant forms powerful bushes and is planted according to the scheme 80x70 cm. The yield is high.
From myself, I can add that this zucchini literally flooded us with fruits in the middle of summer. If you collect zucchini closer to biological ripeness, then they grow to a weight of 1 kilogram. At the same time, they have a thin skin and few seeds. Zucchini pulp "Gentle Zephyr" really has the most delicate texture, and the name of the variety was not chosen by chance. The flesh is slightly sweet to taste and does not have an unpleasant characteristic aftertaste. After harvesting, ripe fruits are stored indoors for a long time like pumpkins, while their taste and consistency do not change much, but the color becomes more orange, even at the green tip. And the fruit becomes like a long-fruited pumpkin.
We liked this zucchini very much on the grill, raw in salads and in other dishes traditional for zucchini. In appearance, the fruits grow the same as on the package with seeds, the only thing is that the length of the green-colored zone may vary.
The description of the Hugo hybrid should start with the fact that this variety is considered a reference. Until recently, Jade was considered such, but in comparison with the first, it loses in many respects.
Hugo is a parthenocarpic hybrid and is capable of self-pollination (insect assistance is not required to form ovaries). This characteristic significantly increases the yield rate, since the formation of ovaries is not tied to weather conditions, which are often the reason for the absence of bees in the beds.
The variety belongs to the bush type of zucchini, which do not weave on the ground, but grow in compact bushes.
This hybrid has very short internodes. This anatomical feature allows the bush to form an order of magnitude more ovaries.
Hugo is an early ripe zucchini. If the recommendations of agricultural technology are followed, the fruits are removed already 40 days after germination. The fruits of this variety have no pronounced differences. Their appearance does not contradict the established standard ideas about zucchini.
Another distinguishing feature of the variety is its resistance to deviations from the standard temperature regime for zucchini. Not only do the plants calmly tolerate heat, they are also resistant to cold snaps.
The Hugo f1 is a high-yielding hybrid. From 1 sq. m. at least 10 kg of vegetables are harvested. Translated into units, this is about 20 zucchini per plant. Such high rates are due to 100% fruit setting, unpretentiousness of the variety to environmental conditions and self-pollination of the hybrid. Plants begin to bear fruit early and end with the first frost. A longer fruiting period also provides more yield.
The fruits of the squash are medium in size, with a classic cylindrical shape.
The average length of a vegetable is 20 cm, and its weight is 0.5 kg. The skin of the fruit is colored milky green. A pronounced ribbing appears on the surface. The pulp of the fruit is tender and juicy, white in color, and has a pleasant taste.
The hybrid is highly resistant to common zucchini diseases. Compared to the same Jade, plants are able to resist fungal and bacterial infections for a month longer. This feature of the hybrid significantly increases the chances of survival of the bushes with treatment.
There is no information about the resistance of the variety to pests. The gardener who grows Hugo should systematically carry out preventive work.
In addition to resistance to fungal and bacterial diseases, the variety also tolerates adverse weather conditions well. Unlike many other varieties of zucchini, it is not afraid of temperature extremes.
The pulp of this type of zucchini has a high taste. Fruits can be fried, boiled, steamed, baked, pickled, canned, frozen. Zucchini is well absorbed by the body and has a lot of useful properties. Vegetables are recommended for feeding babies from 6 months of age.
These vegetables are no less popular in cosmetology - rejuvenating masks for the skin are prepared from zucchini.
Traditional medicine recommends using seeds to combat helminthic invasions, calm the nervous system, with diabetes and gout.
With a drip irrigation system, the yield of this variety is greatly increased. This enables the gardener to grow vegetables for sale. The squash business is very profitable, since the cultivation of this crop practically does not require financial investments.
Zucchini of different varieties and hybrids can be found in almost any garden. The delicate hypoallergenic fruits of this vegetable crop can be eaten by almost everyone - from babies to the elderly and those who are on various diets.
And very often summer residents strive to grow new varieties of zucchini on their garden beds, which differ from others in the color and shape of the fruit, yield and other qualities.
This article tells about the hybrid orange squash, which differs from other varieties in the unusual shape and color of ripe fruits.
Zucchini is very diverse. They differ not only in shape and color, but also in purpose. Let's see what varieties and hybrids of zucchini are best for certain dishes.
Zucchini is a type of common pumpkin. It was brought from America to Europe by Columbus in the 15th century. This herbaceous bush or climbing plant in the middle lane is cultivated as an annual. Many different dishes are prepared from zucchini: they are fried, boiled, pickled, and some of them can even be eaten raw.
Zucchini is especially beneficial for the gastrointestinal tract. They help get rid of edema and excess weight, cleanse the body of toxins and toxins, and also heal joints and speed up metabolism.
AGROTECHNICS OF GROWING
For growing cabbage any soil is suitable (it works worse on sandy soil) provided with moisture and nutrients. The optimum reaction of the soil environment (pH) for mineral soil is 6.5-7, and for peat bogs - 5-5.5.
Cabbage very responsive to the application of organic and mineral fertilizers and takes first place among vegetable crops in terms of the removal of nutrients.
The best predecessors are a layer of perennial grasses, annual grasses and green manures, early potatoes, cucumbers, onions, and tomatoes. The cabbage should be returned to the previous place no earlier than after 4-5 years.
Growing seedlings. Seeds of early varieties are sown in late February - early March. The duration of the seedling period is 45-55 days.
In boxes with soil, grooves are made 1 cm deep at a distance of 3 cm from each other. Seeds are sown in grooves every 1 cm, covered with the same soil mixture, lightly tamped and watered a little with water through a strainer. The boxes are placed on the windowsill and withstand an air temperature of 18-20 ° C. Every other day, the soil is sprayed with water. On the 3-5th day, seedlings will appear.
And then the box is transferred to a cold, bright place where the air temperature is not higher than 7-8 ° C, otherwise the seedlings will immediately stretch out. After 8-10 days, the seedlings from the box are dived (transplanted) into cups or pots measuring 6 x 6 or 8 x 8 cm, which are filled with the same soil mixture as for sowing seeds. At the same time, the seedlings are buried in pots or cups to the cotyledonous leaves, and the root is slightly pinched.
For convenience, cups or pots with unpicked seedlings are placed in light boxes, which are placed on a windowsill, where the temperature should be 17-18 ° C for 2-3 days. As soon as the seedlings take root, the temperature is lowered in the daytime to 13-14 ° C, at night to 10-12 ° C.
In 22-25 days after the pick, the plants form 2-3 true leaves. Standard seedlings have 4-5 leaves before planting in a permanent place.
Seedlings are watered with warm water (18-20 ° C) as the soil dries up with mandatory ventilation of the room. A week before planting in open ground, watering is reduced. On the contrary, 2 hours before planting, watered abundantly. A day or two before planting, the seedlings are taken out into the street or the film is opened slightly (if the seedlings are grown in open ground under a film cover).
In the phase of two true leaves, the first feeding is carried out with special sets of fertilizers. With the second feeding for 10 liters of water, take 1 tablespoon of urea and potassium sulfate to water with this solution. Before planting seedlings, add 0.5 kg of humus or compost, 1 teaspoon of superphosphate or nitrophoska and 1-2 tablespoons of wood ash to the hole and mix thoroughly with the soil.
Early varieties of cabbage planted in the second or third decade of April according to the following scheme: the distance between rows is 45-50 cm, the distance between plants in a row is 25 cm. It is better to plant early cabbage in the beds. Compared to a flat surface, they warm up better, the plants yield faster.
When planting, the seedlings are buried in the soil to the first true leaves. They are planted on cloudy days, and in sunny hot weather - in the afternoon. The prepared hole (0.5 l) should be watered, and then a plant is planted in this liquid gruel, deepening it to the first true leaf, well squeezed and mulched with soil.
A very good technique when growing early cabbage is to cover the plantings with non-woven materials. The duration of the shelter is 30-45 days.As weeds appear, the shelter is slightly opened for weeding, loosening the soil and, if required, watering.
At the beginning of April, they start sowing seeds of late varieties. The duration of the seedling period is 35-45 days.
A good result can be obtained when sowing seeds on a high warm ridge, under small-sized film shelters or under spunbond.
In the second or third decade of April, seeds of medium late varieties are sown. The duration of the seedling period is 30-35 days. Most often, open nurseries are used.
The distance between the rows is 60-70 cm, in the row between the plants - 35-40 cm. After planting, cabbage is watered every 3-4 days for 2 weeks at the rate of 5-6 liters per 1 m 2. Subsequent watering is done once a week at 12-15 liters per 1 m 2.
Top dressing. Watering. Care. 10-14 days after planting, the first feeding is carried out with 5 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 liter of water or liquid organic fertilizers (mullein, diluted 1: 5, or bird droppings (1:10), 1-1.5 liters per plant). Fertilizer is applied carefully so that it does not fall on the leaves and cause burns. After top dressing, it is necessary to loosen the soil in the row and aisles.
The second feeding is carried out 2-3 weeks after the first. You can use a mixture of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium chloride in a ratio of 1: 2: 1 at the rate of 40-60 g / m 2 nitrophosphate in the same dose.
The third feeding is carried out if necessary, if the plants are still underdeveloped, but not earlier than 2 weeks after the second. Use a mixture of superphosphate and potassium chloride (2: 1) or wood ash (30 g) around the plant. The soil is loosened in a row, and, if necessary, the plants are spud. If during the period of active growth of the rosette of leaves and the formation of heads of cabbage there is hot dry weather, it is necessary to give up to 10 liters of water under the plant during one watering, or 20-30 l / m 2. Do not water abundantly after a long drought. This leads to cracking of the already formed heads of cabbage. Before the rosette of leaves closes, hilling is carried out: 1-2 for early and 2-3 for middle and late varieties. You need to huddle only with moist soil, after rain or watering. Harvesting cabbage early varieties are selectively carried out in June - August, heads of cabbage are cut with a sharp knife.
It is advisable to start preparing the soil for zucchini in the fall, digging to a depth of 20-25 cm and adding 30 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate to 1 square meter.
Zucchini should not be planted next to other plants of the Pumpkin family, and it is also not recommended to grow them in the same place for several years in a row. But after potatoes, beets, cabbage, carrots, onions or greens, zucchini will feel very good.
In open ground, you can plant both seeds (early May) and seedlings (May-June) zucchini, if you want to get an earlier harvest. But it is still better to postpone the landing for a time when the threat of return frosts has passed.
First, it is necessary to choose a warm sunny place in the garden and prepare the soil by loosening it to a depth of about 10 cm, as well as adding 15 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 sq. M.
When choosing and preparing a site for zucchini, it is necessary to take into account that the vegetable does not like acidic soils with a high level of groundwater, and also reacts poorly to the introduction of chlorine-containing fertilizers.
When sowing, seeds (previously soaked in water without chlorine for several hours, and then germinated in a damp cloth) are buried 3-4 cm.
Zucchini are planted in open ground every 50-70 cm so that the plants do not experience nutritional deficiencies and do not interfere with each other. Some gardeners put 2-3 seeds in one planting hole, and after the emergence of seedlings, they thin out the plants, leaving one of the strongest and most well-developed in each hole.
White, yellow, green - that's the whole selection of zucchini-zucchini, which until recently domestic gardeners were content with. But in the last decade, there has been a breakthrough in the breeding of this vegetable, and a variety of varieties and hybrids have appeared on the market.
In the last decade, there has been a breakthrough in the breeding of this vegetable, and a variety of varieties and hybrids have appeared on the market.
The main novelty of recent years has become round squashthat look like small pumpkins. What is there to be surprised - relatives! After all, zucchini is a kind of hard-bore pumpkin, so one would assume that the breeders have gone from what they have come to. But in fact, round zucchini differ from pumpkin in several fundamental qualities:
Actually, even the names of new varieties openly hint at this: