Features of pruning honeysuckle: when and how to carry out the procedure


Honeysuckle is an unpretentious plant. It is known for its high sprouting ability: numerous spinning tops and strong root shoots thicken the bush if not cared for.

Do I need to prune honeysuckle

In order to bring a big harvest as long as possible, not to get sick and delight gardeners with a well-groomed look, honeysuckle needs pruning. There are two varieties of this shrub:

  • decorative - serves as a decoration for the garden, correct pruning will give the bush a beautiful shape;
  • edible - pleases its owners with an early harvest of healthy and tasty berries, after pruning it begins to bear fruit more abundantly.

Why prune edible honeysuckle

Edible honeysuckle must be pruned as the main cause of poor fruiting is crown thickening. The flowers in the middle of the bush are overlooked by the bees. Berries that have managed to ripen in the depths of the bush become small and sour due to lack of lighting. The key to a good harvest is regular thinning of the bush.

Honeysuckle grows very slowly, so the first two to three years after planting, radical pruning is not used. It is permissible to remove dry and diseased branches, as well as those lying on the ground or growing deeper into the bush.

An uncut edible honeysuckle bush will produce few berries due to the heavily thickened crown

The need for pruning decorative honeysuckle

Ornamental honeysuckle is cut to shape. A dense hedge is obtained from the bushes. Liana-like forms are placed on pergolas, they are used to decorate gazebos, and a living wall is formed from them. To grow decorative honeysuckle in the form of a trunk, its shoots, collected in a bunch, are tied to a support standing vertically. The old lower branches in the center of the bush are left to stiffen the trunk, the lower young shoots are removed.

Photo gallery: methods of growing decorative honeysuckle

With the help of the formative pruning of decorative honeysuckle, various landscape forms can be created.

Video: how to form a tree from honeysuckle with honeysuckle by pruning

When to prune honeysuckle

You can start cutting edible honeysuckle only when it is at rest. In the spring - until the buds woke up, in the fall - after the shrub leaves the leaves. Ornamental honeysuckle can be pruned throughout the growing season.

Pruning shoots happens:

  • sanitary;
  • formative.

Honeysuckle is a cold-resistant plant, but its branches can be damaged by frost. With sanitary pruning, dead branches affected by low temperatures, broken and dry shoots, as well as branches damaged by fungal diseases and pests are removed. Trimmed to healthy wood. This pruning is recommended every year.

Peeling bark on the branches of honeysuckle is not a consequence of the disease. This is its specific feature. Also, this culture is characterized by the presence of a large number of small dry twigs.

Formative pruning is performed on mature plants. Old branches that do not bear fruit are cut out, shoots are removed, and weak branches are shortened. Such pruning is done once every 2-3 years on edible honeysuckle and once a year on decorative honeysuckle.

Pruning honeysuckle in spring

In spring, pruning is carried out in two stages.

  1. Before the start of the growing season, in March-April - at this time it is recommended to limit ourselves to sanitary pruning, since the forming one injures the bush, and if you expose edible honeysuckle to it in the spring, you should not expect a large harvest.
  2. After the buds open, then all non-viable branches will become visible.

Video: how to prune honeysuckle in spring

Pruning honeysuckle in the fall

In the fall, formative pruning is carried out from August to October. The time is chosen depending on the climatic characteristics of a particular area. You can start work when the following conditions are met:

  • the shrub has lost its foliage;

    Autumn pruning is started after the growing season is over and the bush drops its leaves

  • night temperature crossed zero;
  • not earlier than in a month there will be stable frosts.

Pruning too early can cause untimely bud opening, and if you cut off skeletal shoots late, there is a threat of plant death due to freezing of the cuts.

In areas with severe winters, all manipulations to form a honeysuckle bush are recommended to be carried out in early spring. Perhaps, in the first year after pruning, the harvest will not be too large, but the plant, after the stress, will quickly get stronger and will bear fruit well in the future.

How to prune honeysuckle correctly

In the first 2-3 years after planting, edible honeysuckle is not subjected to formative pruning. After 5-6 years, such an event is mandatory.

Formative pruning of honeysuckle

Pruning is carried out in several stages:

  1. Remove branches in the lower tier of the bush, touching the ground.
  2. Cut out unnecessary young growth.
  3. Top shoots (growing steeply vertically on perennial branches inside the crown) are cut off.
  4. Remove the branches leading into the bush.
  5. Weak and thin shoots are cut off.
  6. The ends of the shoots with weak growth are cut off.
  7. Remove the old thick branches in the center of the bush that do not give growth.
  8. Well-developed annual shoots are not affected. It is on them that the berries will form.

Formative pruning of the edible honeysuckle bush is carried out in several stages

The edible honeysuckle bush should have about 5 strong skeletal branches. Older, thick branches in the center of the bush can be trimmed to the point of growth of the lateral shoot. The pruning sites are lubricated with garden varnish or sprinkled with ash or charcoal to protect the bush from infection with a fungal and bacterial infection.

Branches in the place of pruning are treated with garden pitch to prevent infections

Experienced gardeners recommend that when pruning, pay attention to the fact that the lower part of the bush is not too bare, and the central part is not thickened.

After pruning, the plant must be fed. In the spring - nitrogen fertilizers, 2 buckets per bush; in the fall they are fed with phosphorus and potassium. Water the honeysuckle before feeding.

As nitrogen fertilizers in the spring, you can use an aqueous infusion of mullein or chicken droppings, in the fall it is preferable to use wood ash.

Rejuvenating Honeysuckle Pruning

A bush over 7 years old is subjected to partial rejuvenating pruning. Selectively cut off the stems at the base, leaving a stump several centimeters high. At the same time, healthy shoots begin to form. If such pruning is carried out regularly, once every 3-5 years, the period of abundant fruiting of honeysuckle can be extended for several decades.

A neglected bush after 15 years needs radical rejuvenation (the pruning scheme is shown in the photo).

A neglected honeysuckle bush over 15 years old is cut to a height of 30-50 cm

The bush is completely cut at a height of 30-50 cm from ground level. Young shoots will form a new bush in two years. Radical anti-aging pruning can be done in the spring and fall. In areas with a harsh climate, this procedure is best done in the spring.

Features of the formation of a honeysuckle seedling

Usually, two to three-year-old seedlings are purchased for planting. The edible honeysuckle seedling does not need to be pruned - this can weaken the plant and delay the entry into fruiting. The honeysuckle should form a crown within 2-3 years, after which you can start pruning the bush.

If the seedling has damaged roots, it is recommended to shorten the shoots by a third for its better survival rate.

For a decorative honeysuckle seedling, pruning is desirable because shortening the shoots will facilitate branching.

Shortening the shoots of the ornamental honeysuckle seedling ensures their better branching

Some experts still recommend pruning the seedling after planting, leaving shoots 8 cm long. In their opinion, such preparation of the seedling will allow you to get a more lush bush. If you are planting multiple edible honeysuckle bushes, this advice can be tested in practice. Shorten a few seedlings and plant the rest without pruning.

Honeysuckle, like any fruiting or ornamental shrub, needs pruning. Correct pruning of edible honeysuckle shoots guarantees a bountiful harvest of berries for several decades. For decorative honeysuckle, such a procedure is necessary to give the desired shape to this beautiful plant.

  • Print

Rate the article:

(4 votes, average: 4.3 out of 5)

Share with your friends!


In order to bring a big harvest as long as possible, not to get sick and delight gardeners with a well-groomed look, honeysuckle needs pruning. There are two varieties of this shrub:

  • decorative - serves as a decoration for the garden, correct pruning will give the bush a beautiful shape
  • edible - pleases its owners with an early harvest of healthy and tasty berries, after pruning it begins to bear fruit more abundantly.

Why prune edible honeysuckle

Edible honeysuckle must be pruned as the main cause of poor fruiting is crown thickening. The flowers in the middle of the bush are overlooked by the bees. Berries that have managed to ripen in the depths of the bush become small and sour due to lack of lighting. The key to a good harvest is regular thinning of the bush.

Honeysuckle grows very slowly, so the first two to three years after planting, radical pruning is not used. It is permissible to remove dry and diseased branches, as well as those lying on the ground or growing deeper into the bush.

An uncut edible honeysuckle bush will produce few berries due to the heavily thickened crown

The need for pruning decorative honeysuckle

Ornamental honeysuckle is cut to shape. A dense hedge is obtained from the bushes. Liana-like forms are placed on pergolas, arbors are decorated with them, and a "living wall" is formed from them. To grow decorative honeysuckle in the form of a trunk, its shoots, collected in a bunch, are tied to a support standing vertically. The old lower branches in the center of the bush are left to stiffen the trunk, the lower young shoots are removed.

Photo gallery: methods of growing decorative honeysuckle

With the help of the formative pruning of decorative honeysuckle, various landscape forms can be created.

Video: how to form a tree from honeysuckle with honeysuckle by pruning


Features of pruning honeysuckle in spring, summer and autumn

If you do not forget about pruning, the productivity of the shrub will be at a height, and fruiting with proper care in honeysuckle will remain stable until the age of 15 years. It is important not only to follow the rules of all agrotechnical measures, but also to carry them out on time.

Pruning time by month

The best option for thinning, shaping and sanitary pruning of honeysuckle is autumn. The procedure begins after the foliage has flown around, and the sap flow begins to fade when the cold is already close, but there are still 2-3 weeks before the expected frost. In the middle lane, this time falls on the end of September, possibly in the first ten days of October. In regions with a harsh climate, edible honeysuckle can be pruned starting from September 10-15, in the south, honeysuckle shoots are pruned in early November - usually gardeners are guided by the external features of the shrub.

Often, pruning is carried out in the spring, at the beginning of March. But most often this procedure is resorted to in a continental and temperate continental climate - in the Black Earth Region, the Volga Region, in the North-West, in Siberia, in the Urals and the Far East. This is due to the fact that honeysuckle wakes up very early in spring, bud swelling often occurs before the snow melts. Therefore, it is very difficult to comply with the exact timing of spring pruning, especially in a mild southern climate.

In spring, honeysuckle is pruned when a stable positive temperature is established both day and night.

Honeysuckle buds are ready to bloom as soon as the sun warms up

Pruning of any berry bushes should be carried out in clear, calm weather.

Summer pruning of honeysuckle is less preferred. But most likely in the summer you will still have to approach the honeysuckle with a pruner - you may periodically need to remove thickening branches, this is especially noticeable when the bush bears abundant fruit and the shoots are slightly bent to the ground. Pruning is recommended after fruiting.

Disputes about the preference of autumn or spring pruning of fruit and berry crops are not passing. Some are an adherent of the spring, some of the autumn. Everyone has their own reasons, arguments. Perhaps physiologically, late-autumn pruning is more indicated for plants leaving deep dormancy. In the conditions of our harsh climate with wintering, which steadily leads to the loss of some of the branches of many trees and shrubs, early-spring pruning is advisable, in which both frozen and thickening shoots are discarded. Otherwise, you can leave the plant without branches at all.

Grigorich

http://forum.homecitrus.ru/topic/11243-zhimolost-sedobnaia/page-3

Things to consider when starting a pruning

When planning to trim any shrub, it is important to stock up on a well-sharpened tool. To trim the honeysuckle, you will need a pruner; if the event touches the bushes over 7-10 years old, you must have a garden saw in your arsenal.

Pruner and garden saw - everything you need for pruning

And also you need to remember:

  • flower buds in honeysuckle are located at the ends of the shoots, so as not to lose the crop, if necessary, they are cut off only after fruiting
  • in this shrub, the young-year branches are rather fragile, this should be taken into account when pruning so as not to harm
  • the procedure is carried out with a sterile instrument - this is a guarantee that the infection does not get on the cuts and cuts.

Honeysuckle flower buds are located at the top of the shoots

The annual growth in honeysuckle is usually not shortened, since the bud awakability of the bush is good. It is on the shoots of last year that the ovaries of berries will appear, if this growth is cut off, you can lose the crop.

It should be cut if necessary without fanaticism, namely, old dried branches that strongly thicken the central conductors, as well as those parts of the branches that seem to create internodes (and this is clearly visible), i.e. we transfer growth to a new shoot. The bush is usually completely cut off at a height of 0.5–1 m, unless, of course, other goals are set besides rejuvenation, about 12–15 years after planting. Honeysuckle, they say, can grow in the garden for a very long time over 80 years, I don't even know how to check it.

Pashik

https://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=7562&start=840

Spring pruning of honeysuckle - step by step instructions

Once the spring weather is good and the tool is ready, you can start pruning. But they do this in the case when the autumn pruning was not carried out in a timely manner.

  1. Sick, dry, short and underdeveloped shoots are cut out.
  2. They remove twigs growing to the ground and crooked, as well as "tops" inside and in the lower part of the bush (growth, on which branches are densely located in the form of an umbrella).

Spinning tops inside a honeysuckle bush

Honeysuckle bush in spring after sanitary pruning and thinning

The recovery shoots, developing lateral branches, seem to "rub off" the old branches, forcing them to bend to the sides. Therefore, it is recommended to remove the processes directed downward.

If necessary, in the spring, honeysuckle is rejuvenated.

Video: pruning honeysuckle in spring

Summer treatments with honeysuckle secateurs

Summer pruning of this berry shrub consists of thinning the bottom of the bush and pruning the crown shoots. It is in the summer that branches with fruiting flower buds can be touched: their partial pruning (thinning and sanitary) will not negatively affect the next year's harvest. On the contrary, growth buds will begin to vegetate more actively, a larger number of young shoots will appear - they will be tied to the harvest next year.

In my experience, it is better to prune immediately after picking the berries - then the honeysuckle will not bloom again in the fall, which often happens. So the bush will quickly grow overgrown with new strong shoots going up - what we need. The twigs are thin, under the weight of the harvest, they will subsequently bend low. Here you will cut them out again in a couple of years. This is how the bush is updated.

semitank

https://www.asienda.ru/answers/pochemu-sejchas-osenyu-opyat-zacvela-zhimolost/

Video: how and when to prune honeysuckle in summer

How to prune honeysuckle in the fall

The gardener's autumn chores associated with pruning honeysuckle differ little from spring... But there is a nuance: in the fall, they carry out not only sanitary pruning, but also formative pruning - now the growth of this year is clearly visible. It's time to remove the extra skeletal shoots and trim the branches of the year-old growth sticking out in different directions.

Video: autumn pruning of berry honeysuckle


Watch the video: How to Prune a Honeysuckle Bush


Previous Article

What is good about the melon - the beneficial properties of the sun fruit on guard of health and a slim figure

Next Article

Astrophytum