Tulips are one of the earliest spring flowers that appear in abundance in retail for the Eighth of March, and after the snow melts, they begin to peep out of the warmed earth in private flower beds, so that soon they will bloom with fragrant delicate flowers. If you finally decided to settle adorable tulips in your garden, you will most likely have a logical question: when to plant tulips?
It would be logical to start planting bulbs in the spring, along with other flowers and vegetables. But it was not there! Most experienced florists unanimously say that autumn is the only time to plant tulips. Although there are also supporters of spring planting, who can give many reasons why it is preferable to plant tulip bulbs in the ground in the spring. So all the same, when to plant tulips, and who is right?
Autumn is the only time to plant tulips.
To come to the correct conclusion when it is best to plant tulips, you should pay attention to how these flowers grow in nature. Having understood the natural rhythm of life of wild-growing tulips, you can easily understand what the more delicate varietal flowers growing in flower beds want.
Video about the correct planting of tulips
Most tulip species are native to Central Asia. Here, wild tulips are found in rocky and sandy deserts, in arid mountain areas, foothills, on stony taluses, in rock crevices, as well as in the steppes. In early spring, the slopes of the mountains and deserts of Central Asia are a truly picturesque picture - blooming tulips play with bright colors in the sun, covering the earth with flowering carpets.
As soon as the spring heat turns into hot heat, tulips quickly fade, dry out, and all life in them is concentrated in bulbs. The bulbs go deeper into the ground, and with the arrival of cool autumn weather, they form new roots in order to bloom again in the spring immediately after waking up.
Thus, tulips bloom in their natural environment only after a period of winter cooling, which is necessary for the formation of substances in the bulbs that affect the germination and flowering of the plant.
Tulips bloom in their natural environment only after a period of winter cooling.
The life cycle of cultivated tulips is the same as that of wild tulips, so the most suitable period when you need to plant tulips is autumn. Once in the ground, the bulbs manage to grow roots before frost, after which life freezes in them with the onset of winter. In the spring, the stem quickly peeps out from under the snow and delicate buds form in a short time. At the end of flowering, the tulips are dug up, and the bulbs are sent for storage until the autumn planting.
Recommended planting dates for tulips - from the second decade of September until the last days of October. The right time to plant tulips depends on the region and local climate. So, in central Russia, bulbs are planted starting from the twenties of September, and in the southern regions - from October.
The life cycle of cultivated tulips is the same as that of wild tulips.
You can determine when to plant tulips by soil temperature:
Sufficient time for rooting of the planted bulbs is about 20-30 days at optimal soil moisture and temperature in its upper layers up to +7 degrees.
Seedlings of tulips
But if for some reason the recommended dates were missed, when can tulips be planted in this case? According to experienced gardeners, it is possible to plant bulbs until the first days of December - it is still better than postponing planting in the spring. And so that the bulbs do not freeze, and the tulips do not lag behind in development in the spring, it is recommended to cover the flower bed with spruce branches, dry leaves or straw and sprinkle the top with snow.
It also happens that flower growers remember about the need to plant tulips only on the eve of spring. The time, although not the most successful, but now do not give up completely from these graceful flowers. Tulips planted in spring also grow, but begin to bloom much later. You can accelerate their flowering with a simple trick:
Video about methods of planting tulips
You need to plant tulips in open ground until April, but if frosts are still possible in your area at this time, first plant the bulbs in a container of a suitable size, and only then carefully transplant them to the flower bed.
The main thing, remember: no matter what time to plant tulips, agricultural techniques must be followed carefully, otherwise, due to improper care, the plant bulb crushes, and after it the stems and flowers will become smaller.
Probably, there are no summer cottages where tulips would not bloom in spring. An exquisite and at the same time unpretentious flower adorns flower beds, paths. In this article we will tell you when to plant tulips outdoors in autumn and how to do it correctly.
The peculiarities and timing of planting tulips in autumn are determined by the climatic features of the region. When the bulbs overwinter on the site, the plants form a strong root system. Also, tulips need a cooling period for planting material for high-quality germination. At the same time, substances are formed in the bulbs that stimulate the active growth of plants.
Many people ask: "What kind of tulips need to be dug out after flowering." We answer: "All species and varieties need to be dug up." But, at the same time, some plants are removed from the soil annually (they are left in the ground until the next season), others - after 3-4 years (or when they stop blooming well). Perennial tulips that remain in the soil, including small-flowered types in temperate climates and large-flowered types in colder regions, require periodic digging and division. Plants form new bulbs (babies), derived from old mothers. Eventually, the mothers stop planting flowers. And the "kids" are taking their place. Over time, too many new bulbs overwhelm the flower bed. Therefore, tulips are dug up and divided. This is done in early summer or autumn before frost. Separate new bulbs, discard old ones and dry them well under a canopy. Plant in a new location at the right time.
Those specimens that do not need to be dug up annually grow more and more magnificently in the flower bed. It:
Before planting, the bulbs are pickled in a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate or soaked in a special growth stimulator for 30-60 minutes.
It is better to plant the bulbs by varieties. If this is not possible, then the smaller bulbs are buried further south. This is to ensure that larger flowers do not obscure smaller ones.
Plant the bulbs at a distance of three diameters for light soil or two for heavy soil. The closer the bulbs sit to each other, the faster they will bloom. A distance of 20-25 cm is made between the rows. It is necessary to plant and bury very carefully so as not to damage the bulb. Some growers plant bulbs in metal or plastic nets to keep them out of rodents.
After planting, we carefully level the area so that rainwater does not stagnate in the holes for a long time.
Tulips are best planted in large groups of 50 per square meter. In Holland, up to 100 bulbs are planted per square meter. Now in shops for gardeners you can find special pallets for this planting.
After the onset of the first frost, the area with tulip bulbs is mulched with peat, straw or dry leaves. This is very beneficial for future flowering.
In the spring, it is good to feed the sprouting bulbs with complex fertilizer. Do not allow fertilizer to fall on the buds. This is done in three steps:
If you are not going to dig up the bulbs, be sure to mark the place where they are buried so as not to damage them. It is better not to plant tulips in one place for more than two or three years, they can greatly grind from this.
Plants prefer sunny ones, where the wind of space does not penetrate. In the spring, there should be no puddles formed after the snow melts.
It is necessary that the soil is well drained, water does not linger on the surface. It is preferable to plant on loamy or sandy loam soils, where a significant proportion of humus will be found.
Dig up the soil at a depth of 25-30 cm, uprooting weeds. It is recommended to fertilize and apply sand to heavy and poor soil. Fertilizers can be compost, ash, peat, mineral complexes.
Poultry droppings can be added instead of cow dung. With increased PH values in the direction of oxidation, liming is carried out.
Soil preparation should be carried out one month before the start of planting work. So the soil will settle down properly. In loose soil, young roots can be accidentally touched. Before planting, it is necessary to ensure the watering of the beds for a more even distribution of the soil.
In the fall, it is inappropriate to spray trees and shrubs against pests and diseases. A short day and a drop in temperature force insects to seek winter shelters - at this time very few pests remain on plants, and the wintering stages of pathogens are not very susceptible to chemicals.
The only treatment that is useful in the fall is spraying trees, shrubs and the soil around them with a concentrated urea solution. 500 - 700 g of urea is diluted in a bucket of water. Sprayed during active leaf fall or after it. Such autumn work in the garden for processing contributes to the rapid decomposition of plant residues, and in the spring it will partly serve as additional nutrition.
Young seedlings of kobei are very afraid of the cold, therefore, it is possible to plant them in open ground only when completely the threat of night frosts will pass, and the daytime temperature will stably stay above 10 degrees Celsius. In the south, you can perform a transplant at the beginning of May, in the Middle Lane - at the end of May, but in Siberia, in the Urals, in the Leningrad Region - not earlier than the beginning of June.
Before disembarking, you need temper plants. 7 days before the procedure, you need to put young vines outside (or on an open balcony). The hardening time should be gradually increased. First, leave for an hour, the next day for 2 hours, on the last day the plants should stand outside all day.
Holes need to be made at a distance 50 centimeters apart. The planting pits should be deeper and slightly wider than the earthen coma of the plant. At the bottom of the planting pit, it is recommended to put a layer of fertile soil or a mixture of humus, sand, peat (in equal proportions). It is also recommended to add half a tablespoon of superphosphate to one pit.
Important! You need to plant plants right next to the support (it can be just a wall or a fence, or a trellis, a gazebo, etc.).
Planting of kobei seedlings is carried out by the transshipment method. An earthen lump must be placed in a hole, covered with earth, compacted with your hand and thoroughly watered.
By the way! If you want to grow kobei as a perennial plant, then you need to take care of the winter storage of the plant.
To do this, cut off the shoots before frosting, dig up the plant along with the roots, plant in a large pot and transfer it to a room with a temperature of about + 2-6 degrees, for example, a cellar, basement. When storing kobei at home, the earthen coma should not be allowed to dry out.
Next year, in March, you should put the pot in a warm and sunny place, water it regularly. And at the end of May to land again at a permanent place.
In general, tulips are considered very unpretentious and easy to care for. Even with minimal experience in floriculture, you can successfully cultivate them in your country house. However, there are things that can destroy even these survivors.
In particular, you should avoid such mistakes: