How to grow radishes

Radish is one of the main vegetables that we enjoy eating after a long winter. Our body receives the first vitamins and microelements from this root crop. The positive properties of this vegetable include:

  • High content of vitamin B, which is so necessary for the nervous system.
  • Vitamin of the PP group, essential for the proper functioning of the heart and cardiovascular system.
  • Vitamin C - increases the protective properties of our immunity, which protects our body from colds and other infectious diseases.
  • Calcium, which strengthens the body's skeletal system.
  • Iron, which is needed to increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood.

Radish contains practically no calories harmful to the body, so people leading a healthy lifestyle can safely include it in their daily diet.

Radish helps to normalize the metabolism in the body, and also removes cholesterol from the body and prevents its further formation. The root vegetable also improves digestion. Radish leaves are high in vitamins and can be used to prepare various dishes. Freshly squeezed radish juice can be successfully used to treat cough.

Radish varieties

There are many varieties of radish, each of which has its own properties and characteristics. There are early ripening, medium ripeness and late varieties. If all three species are planted in the garden at once, then the radish will be on your table from early spring to late summer.

Early ripening radish varieties:

  • Early red - delicate taste, snow-white pulp, dark red fruit on top, high yield, grows well both in the greenhouse and in the garden.
  • Corundum is a red, round fruit.
  • French breakfast - the first fruits appear 3 weeks after planting; the pulp is juicy, white, does not have a burning taste.
  • Eighteen days is the variety most popular with gardeners. The first fruits ripen on day 18. The pulp is tender and juicy, not bitter or pungent.
  • Rhodes - porous flesh, bright red rind.
  • Ruby - flat rounded shape of the fruit, high yield, excellent taste, bright red skin color.

Medium early varieties include:

  • Slavia - characterized by a spicy taste.
  • Vera MC - high yield of the variety, the fruits are not covered with cracks
  • Sachs - the taste of the fruit is sharp and slightly sour, the color is bright red.
  • Helios is a large, yellow root vegetable with a delicate and juicy taste.
  • Viola is a purple-skinned fruit.
  • Watermelon radish is a white-skinned fruit with pink flesh.

Late varieties include:

  • Rampous - medium-sharp white flesh, white peel, elongated shape.
  • Würzburg radish - round shape of the fruit, bright crimson color with a red tint, high yield of the variety.
  • Red giant - red fruit can reach a mass of about 120 g. One of the few varieties of radish that can be stored until winter.

Daikon occupies a special place among the varieties of radish. Many unknowingly believe that this vegetable belongs to the radish.

Planting radishes in spring

Outdoor radishes can be planted as soon as the snow melts. It is important to buy seeds only in large proven stores, which undergo a strict selection of planting material. Seeds will begin to germinate only when the air temperature is above +18 degrees. Otherwise, they will simply lie in the ground and wait for the onset of suitable conditions. It is best to plant radishes in a greenhouse.

There are several tips tested by experienced gardeners, the observance of which will ensure high yields of radishes:

  1. The landing site should be well lit by the sun throughout the day.
  2. The soil for planting should be nutritious, light and loose.
  3. Too high growing temperatures and long daylight hours will result in arrows on the radishes. Shooting is also often caused by insufficient moisture levels.
  4. It is noticed that the largest seeds germinate faster in comparison with small ones, so they need to be sorted before planting.
  5. To accelerate the germination of seeds, they can be soaked in water before planting. As soon as the first shoots appear, they can be planted in the soil.
  6. For the correct formation and development of fruits, the distance between the roots must be observed when planting. There should be 5-6 cm between the fruits, and about 15 cm between the rows.
  7. From above, the seeds should not be covered with a too thick layer of soil. 0.5-1 cm is enough.Maximum 2 cm.
  8. The germinated seeds will give the first shoots in a few days.

After the seeds have sprouted, it is important to ensure that the radishes are well watered and watered. The soil must be constantly loosened, and the weeds must be destroyed in time. Early varieties allow you to get the first fruits for the table in a minimum time.

If the radish tastes bitter, then this may indicate a too prolonged period of its growth. It either grew slowly due to insufficient care, or the fetus was already aging. Also, the pulp of the radish can be too fibrous and tough. The reason for this is too high ambient air and soil temperatures, as well as excessive watering. Often the root crop itself is poorly formed, while the green top grows actively. This suggests that radish needs lower air temperatures. In hot weather, it begins to form seeds instead of a root crop.

Radish care

Radish is considered an unpretentious vegetable crop to care for. It will not be difficult to grow it even for a novice gardener. There are several basic rules to follow to get a rich radish harvest:

  • Observance of moderate watering, especially on hot summer days, when dry weather is observed and there is no rain. Without sufficient moisture, the radish will dry out and taste bitter. The resulting fruit will lose its declared taste.
  • When the radish is almost ripe, watering should be slightly reduced, otherwise the fruits will crack from an excess of moisture.
  • Radish, like any other vegetable crop, needs regular fertilization. It is for radish that potash fertilizers are suitable. It is brought in immediately after the first shoots appear on the garden bed. Fertilizer is diluted in concentration according to the attached instructions. The frequency and amount of dressings are indicated on the preparation.

Diseases and pests

Radish is susceptible to both insect pests and bacterial and fungal diseases. If the leaves of the plant have become yellow, lethargic, or spots have appeared on them, then the root crop should be treated with special means against pests and diseases.

If you are not a supporter of the use of chemicals, then you can resort to folk remedies. The use of ash will be effective against pests. It is carefully sprinkled with a garden of radishes.

Radish storage

Storing a ripe root crop is not difficult at all. Before harvesting from the garden, the soil must be moistened in advance so that the fruits are easier to pull out, and the radish itself is saturated with moisture and becomes even more juicy.

Before laying the radish for long-term storage in the basement or pantry, its tops must be cut off. The tip should also be disposed of. To extend the shelf life of radishes, the fruits can be wrapped in a plastic bag and placed in a cool, dark place.

Garden and vegetable garden-119 Growing radish.

The culture is unpretentious in its care, therefore, with its correct organization, it is possible to obtain a fresh harvest of radish in winter.

The maximum amount of vegetables grown in winter can be obtained by planting them in a heated greenhouse. In the absence of conditions, radish grows successfully at home: on a windowsill or balcony.

Conditions for growing vegetables in winter:

  • ambient temperature 10-16 ° C, but radish tolerates frosts down to -5 ° C
  • air humidity up to 65%
  • providing artificial or natural lighting for several hours a day.

The general principles of caring for radishes that are grown in winter are watering, loosening the soil, feeding with nutrients in case of insufficient growth.

Is it possible to grow radishes on a windowsill in spring

In the absence of conditions for cultivating a vegetable in the garden, there is the possibility of obtaining a harvest at home. You can plant any radish on the windowsill, but there are varieties that give the maximum amount of harvest.

How to grow radish varieties Zhara

Radish Heat is popular with summer residents because it does not require much maintenance, while giving a decent harvest. Radish was bred in the mid-50s of the 20th century at the Vitenskaya experimental station named after Michurin.

The variety is early maturing, ripens 21 days after sowing. When grown properly, radishes produce few leaves. The fruits are round, crimson-red, lightweight. The flesh of the radish is firm, but tender, sweet, medium in sharpness, crispy, more often the flesh has a white color, rarely pinkish.

Radish has positive characteristics, for example, it gives a huge harvest, has an excellent appearance for sale, and does not take a lot of time from the gardener to take care of it. He tolerates different weather conditions, some diseases well. The pulp contains a large amount of vitamin C.

It is worth noting that gardeners do not notice negative qualities in radishes, except for poor storage. It is an early variety and should not be stored for more than a few weeks. If stored improperly, the crop may die.

Radishes are planted in open ground and in a greenhouse, in the latter the harvest will grow rich. For planting, the time from early April to August is suitable, but it is in early spring that there is a chance to get a good harvest. For landing, a sunny place, protected from the wind, is chosen. The soil should be loose, light, have neutral or slightly acidic soil.

The land is fertilized before sowing in 2-3 weeks with compost or fertilizer. Between the rows, intervals of 12 cm are made so that the seeds germinate, a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees is needed.

It is good to plant radishes in the place where you plan to grow tomatoes. Plant radishes after potatoes, cucumbers, beans. Do not plant radishes in a place where turnips, radishes, daikon, cabbage, horseradish were previously located.

After the sprouts appear, you need to start looking after the radish. It is necessary to loosen the soil between the rows so that there is no dense crust.

Watering is required to moisten the earth, the main thing is not to overdo it.

Having planted seeds in summer, they must be protected from the sun using light agrofibre or film. Care must be taken to keep the soil moist.

The main pests of radish are bear, cruciferous flea. To fight the bear, Prestige and Medvedtoks-U are suitable. Traps can be prepared for the bear. The preparations of Sherpa, Arrivo will help with the flea, you can sprinkle the ground with ashes.

The crop is harvested as it ripens, it must be dried, sorted. It will be stored for three days at room temperature, for more than a week it will lie in the cellar.

It is good to prepare salads from radishes, to eat them fresh.

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Soil preparation

First, let's prepare the ground. Before digging, it is necessary to apply fertilizers and the preparation Atlant Helper Bacteria. Plant and Soil Health ". It increases soil fertility, provides more intensive nutrition and growth, and prevents bacterial and fungal diseases. Prevents leaf and stem diseases, inhibits phytopathogens, displaces pathogenic microflora.

The drug “Atlant bacteria-helpers. Plant and Soil Health ”, the soil should be abundantly powdered and its top layer should be thoroughly mixed to a depth of 10-15 cm in 1-2 doses (the consumption of the preparation is 15 g per 1 m²).

The nuances of sowing and selection of varieties

Seeds before sowing are better soak (you can use plain or melt water or solutions of special preparations). Sow in rows or in holes according to the scheme 5 x 5 or 6 x 6 cm seeding depth - from 2 to 2.5 cm. If, after the emergence of seedlings, the plants stretch out, they are huddled or poured over the soil - otherwise, root crops are not formed.

You will find a large selection of radish seeds in our catalog, which includes offers from large online stores of seeds and planting material. Select radish seeds.

For a home garden, choose early ripening varietiesresistant to flowering, drought and insufficient light. For example:

  • 'Dawn'
  • 'Early red'
  • 'Greenhouse Gribovsky'
  • 'Quart'
  • '18 days'.

For a home garden, choose early ripening varieties

Harvesting begin selectively, as the root crops ripen, but you should not overexpose them, because at home the radish quickly coarsens. Sowing radish can be combined with watercress - this will save the area of ​​the home garden.

Who grew radishes on the windowsill, share your experience! What varieties did you plant? What difficulties did you face and what results did you get? Did you manage to feast on fresh radishes in the middle of winter?

If you want to grow not only radishes at home, but also other vegetable crops, but doubt your abilities, you will be able to gain confidence and knowledge. gardener's Academy classes... Read the lesson materials Garden on the balcony or windowsill: features of home gardening.

Landing in open ground

If it is possible to plant radishes in open ground, then this is just great. However, you should prepare for this process in the fall. The soil must be dug up and fertilized. Superphosphate and potassium are commonly used. Although radish is an undemanding root vegetable, it is still best to avoid soil where the pH level is too high. Compost (two buckets per square meter) will not be superfluous either.

In the spring, when the snow melts and the soil warms up to + 4, the radishes can be sown. Only first you need to make the beds, and soak the seeds for three days in water. The seed is spread on the prepared beds, sprinkled with earth a little and watered.

When the first shoots appear, the seedlings will need to be thinned out. If this is not done, the root crop will not be able to develop normally, and the harvest will be small. When thinning, it is necessary to leave those shoots that are larger, since they have a better chance of surviving. The distance between the bushes should be 2-3 centimeters.

It is necessary to water the radishes only as the soil dries up. In early spring, you may need 1 watering every 3-4 days. In no case should the soil be allowed to dry out, otherwise the roots will be rough and bitter. The temperature during the day should be +12 degrees, only then the vegetable will begin to form. If the radish was planted too early and the temperature outside is low, then a greenhouse must be made, otherwise only tops will grow, and the root crop will be unsuitable for human consumption.

But it is better not to get carried away with dressing in the open field. It is enough for the culture that the soil is fed in the fall. Excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers can lead to the accumulation of nitrates in the root crop, and then there will be no benefit from the vegetable.

How much can be harvested from 1 square meter? If all the seedlings are accepted and do not die, then on average you can get about 100 pieces of root crops.

You don't have to spend a lot of effort or money on growing radishes. The root crop takes root well in almost any soil, and its resistance to low temperatures allows you to grow the vegetable even in early spring.

Watch the video: How to Grow Full Size Radishes and Not Just Leaves: 4 Tips, Planting, Harvest u0026 Proof

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