Choosing vines for vertical garden decoration


Vines selection

Schisandra chinensis

Observations show that today a fairly large part of the sites is devoid of attractiveness and is not well suited for good rest.

However, it is often already possible to find garden plots, which intelligently combine a garden, a vegetable garden and flower beds with vertical landscaping zones, which, with the help of vines, not only give the site a comfortable look, but also increase the planting area, protecting the site from dust and noise.


If you are improving the landscape of your site and have decided to actively use vertical gardening at the same time, then I know from experience that first of all you should decide which type of vines suits you best, and then choose a suitable place for planting them.

In the case when the purpose of landscaping is not only to give the site beauty, but also to obtain valuable fruits from the vines, then preference, of course, should be given to such vines as actinidia, lemongrass and grapes. At the same time, the best of the actinidia is the actinidia kolomikta, which is quite frost-hardy and gives annual harvests of the most valuable berries, reminiscent of strawberries in taste and smell.

The value of the berries of the Chinese magnolia vine, which yields yields in a year, as well as Amur grapes, which are distinguished by their unpretentiousness and high resistance to the climate of our zone, is also well known. If the task of vertical gardening is the need to decorate unsightly areas of a site or old walls of a house and outbuildings, then it is quite possible to get by with ordinary hops growing in our forests, petiolate hydrangea, maiden grapes or woodworms, and the last two vines are very good until late autumn.

If, when landscaping a site, you first of all need beauty, then clematis, climbing roses, as well as curly flowers - sweet peas, morning glory, nasturtium, decorative beans and curly pumpkin should be considered the best vines here.


Planting vines

Maiden grapes

For good survival of seedlings and their normal growth and development, it is equally important to choose a place for planting vines. Judging from my own experience, I can say that even clematis and curly flowers, which are considered lovers of sunlight, often turn away from it and direct their growth in a darkened direction.

The rest of the above vines, which came to us from the forest, are quite shade-tolerant, and they can be placed even under trees, but not under fruit trees, since, being predators, they are able to very noticeably oppress any plants entwined with them. A tree-nose plier is generally unacceptable under trees, especially under conifers, since it is capable of strangling them mercilessly, as its very name speaks volumes about.

Lianas can be placed against any walls from the west, east and northwest, and hops can even be placed from the north of buildings. And only clematis and curly flowers are best placed from the south of the buildings. As for the soil, for vines, it must be alkaline or neutral. And only hops put up with slightly acidic soil.

Having chosen the most suitable vines and a place for them, in April, when the soil thaws, planting holes should be prepared. Moreover, in the most typical cases of planting vines - near the walls of houses and outbuildings, near fences, pergolas, sheds or trellises - the pit is made with a slight slope from the base of these structures, and its walls and the bottom of the pit are coated with oily clay.

After that, drainage is arranged at the bottom of the pit to a level of about 20-25 cm, which can be used as crushed stone, pebbles, broken stone, as well as various bottles and cans that improve air access to the roots of vines. On top of the drainage, a layer of soil is poured, containing at least 50% humus or compost, up to 0.5 buckets of ash and a complex mineral fertilizer mixed with soil removed from the pit.

At the same time, at a height equal to slightly more than half the height of the pit, an annular drainage belt about 10 cm thick is made, on which a piece of pipe or hose is installed at the pit wall, which subsequently serves for watering and feeding the plant. Due to this, the aqueous solution, passing through the belt of the drainage ring and spreading, evenly enters the roots of the vines, supplying them well with moisture and nutrients.

When planting seedlings of vines in a place prepared for them, it is very important to provide in advance the most suitable support in order to exclude trauma to the roots during the survival and growth of the plant. At the same time, it is not at all necessary to get carried away with complex supports, often recommended in the literature, but to do with the simplest ones, which do not require much labor and funds. For most vines (actinidia, grapes, hops, woodworm, etc.), it is usually enough to either run them on the wall of buildings, stuffing wooden slats on it or fixing a wire frame, or make a support wall from pipes, battens and wire.

Lemongrass can also be formed simply in the form of a bush by driving a 1-1.5 m high stake into the ground, around which the vine will hang around. For clematis, climbing roses and sweet peas, the simplest wood supports are quite suitable, allowing you to easily remove these flowers from them in the fall and cover them for the winter. For such vines as petiolate hydrangea and maiden grapes, when planted near the wall of a house, outbuildings, terraces or pergolas, specialized supports are not required at all, since they hook very well to rough surfaces made of wood, brick and plaster using the existing petioles and tendrils.

Schemes for fixing vines on a wall frame (A),
(B) support wall
(C, D, D) and on separate supports:

1 - wall;
2 - slats;
3 - pipes;
4 - bars;
5 - wire or twine garter;
6 - slats, bars or pipes;
7 - twine;
8 - pegs.

When planting seedlings of vines, it is also very important to ensure a certain burial of them in the soil and shelter of the root system. Experience shows that it is better to plant grapes and lemongrass at the level of the root collar with the soil surface, and actinidia, hops and clematis should be buried in the soil by 2-3 cm, 4-5 cm and 6-8 cm, respectively.At the same time, immediately after planting the soil under the vines must either be sown with low-growing plants or flowers, or well mulched with humus, compost or rotted sawdust. As a vegetation cover, as the experience of some gardeners shows, the shoots bent and Veronica, which provide a creeping cover of the soil, are well suited.

Common hops

In conclusion, I want to state that the fears of some gardeners that the presence of vines in the garden, especially near the walls, leads to the appearance of dampness, has not been confirmed by practice. On the contrary, the leaves of the vines, overlapping each other like tiles, protect the walls from rain well, and the root system even takes moisture away from the foundations.

Moreover, as scientists have established, in addition to giving additional attractiveness to the site, vines also serve as an excellent thermostat for the microclimate, and also reduce the thermal radiation of buildings without interfering with sunlight. Their foliage also enriches the air entering the premises of the house with oxygen.

I think that, taking into account all of the above, it can be confidently asserted that the vines, decorating the garden, give comfort to the rest in it. You can purchase seedlings of the selected species of lianas by visiting our table of plant nurseries with a variety of planting materials presented in it.

Anatoly Veselov, gardener


Plot

Vertical gardening is one of the favorite techniques in landscaping. With its help, it will be possible to qualitatively decorate the shortcomings of various objects in the country and disguise unattractive places. You can also divide the territory into specific functional areas. After competently carried out work on vertical gardening, your site will be transformed and simply merge with nature.

Application of vertical gardening

Attempts to decorate your summer cottage or house by vertical gardening have always been observed. But, nevertheless, you need to know about the possibilities of using vertical gardening, which are most often practiced today:

  • Vertical gardening of buildings. As part of this technique, they decorate country houses in the country, buildings in the city center. But what can I say, you can decorate any building in this way, even of an economic type. So it will turn out to hide from the eyes the largest and most noticeable defects in the building, destroyed walls.
  • Creation of a favorable microclimate. There is nothing strange in this, because with the help of vertical gardening techniques, you can correct the level of penetration of light rays into any building or room. However, this is only possible during the warm season. It will also turn out to regulate the temperature of the fresh air entering the interior, which is especially important on the hottest summer days. Arches, gazebos, verandas that are entwined with continuous weaving plants form cozy shady corners. You can hide in them from the scorching sun.
  • Normalization of humidity and air purity. By planting climbing plants, you can get rid of dust in the air and increase its humidity level. In addition, dense foliage performs another important function - it easily reduces the noise level that can cloud a person's rest. Therefore, staying on the terrace, balcony, or in the gazebo will become more comfortable.
  • Fencing of the territory and division into functional zones. Elements of vertical gardening are hedges, pergolas, screens and wooden trellises, which are braided with all kinds of climbing plants for the garden. Such a natural wall will divide the space of the personal plot into several zones: a plant growing area, a family recreation area, a walking area, a vegetable garden and an economic area.

Vertical gardening methods

To achieve a good result, various improvised means are used when landscaping a site. These are ropes, garters, wire, frames, screens, lattices. Therefore, it is recommended to carefully study all structures that can be used for vertical gardening.

Hedge

The hedge is a classic landscape design technique. It can be based on an ordinary fence - forged, wooden or stone. For its decoration, as a rule, are used: decorative beans, morning glory, hops, wild grapes, honeysuckle and other vines. The role of a hedge can also be played by a screen or trellis, which are able to reliably support climbing plants and let the sun's rays through well.

It is with the hedge that most often the epic of landscaping the site begins. With their help, you can separate the recreation area from the utility area. Also, such designs help create the so-called green rooms, which are very popular in regular French gardens.

Plant wall

To decorate the walls of a house or summer cottage with the help of plants, special structures are preliminarily created - metal or wooden frames. The role of vertical supports is performed by 2 metal profiles or 2 boards, on which the lower and upper crossbars are attached. It is customary to connect metal elements with screws, wooden ones - with nails. After assembling the structure, it is installed in a permanent place, that is, against the wall, by burying and concreting the supports. Inside the frames, wire or dense cords are pulled, which serve to support the vines.

Often, for landscaping the facade of a building, climbing plants are simply planted around the perimeter of the house, without creating any special tricks for fixing them. Vines will cling to walls with the help of their aerial roots, tendril suckers. For these purposes, girlish grapes, ivy and creeping hydrangea are excellent. If you wish, you can put moss on the walls, which will grow into a beautiful solid carpet.

The arch is a familiar element that is used throughout landscape design. As a rule, such structures are installed over garden paths. For the manufacture of the arch, ordinary reinforcing rods are used. They are bent in the right places, after which they are connected with diameters to each other. To create an arch under which you can pass, you will need rods, which have a total length of 8 m. This structure is not too heavy, so there is no need to concrete its supports.

Climbing roses, grapes, honeysuckle, morning glory, clematis, launched along a solid adjacent frame, are excellent for decorating an arch and vertical gardening in the country. If the space on the site allows, you can equip a gallery of several arches. Several arches located one by one are able to visually expand the territory of the personal plot. In a small area, it is enough to build a tunnel of 3-4 such arches.

Pergolas

A pergola is a decorative structure that consists of several columns that support lattice structures. Pergolas are usually used to connect different parts of the garden. Let's say terraces and shady courts. When choosing materials for creating a pergola, you need to focus on the style of your personal plot.

If your garden has a lot of paved paths made of brick or stone, then build a pergola from this material. For a modern cottage, it is advisable to use metal pipes, which should be fixed to a concrete foundation. The lattice itself is most often made of wood. Indeed, against the background of wood, vines look perfect in any garden. Wooden trellises should be strong enough to support the weight of the surrounding plants, but not very bulky.

Tapestry

The trellis is a lattice structure - wood, plastic, metal, which consists of a dense frame and thin internal slats. It is customary to attach such a frame to the walls of the house, to the vertical supports of the pergola. Also, trellises are often used as an independent structure to create an enclosed space or dividing a site into functional zones.

If you plan to make a trellis with your own hands, then use wood for this. First, build a frame from thick bars, which will give rigidity to the structure and protect it from deformation. After that, inside the frame, thin slats are fastened crosswise, which have a section of 25 by 25 mm. The side of the resulting rhombus or square should be about 10 cm long. If you make a smaller distance, then the structure will look heavy.

Containers

When landscaping a site vertically, various boxes, containers and hanging flowerpots are often used. This method is usually used to decorate the facade near the entrance to the house and recreation areas. In addition, container gardening is a great option for decorating gazebos, terraces and verandas. Not superfluous vertical containers, flowerpots and beautiful boxes with plants in the patio. Blooming ampelous plants will look especially good in them. These are begonias, petunias and pelargoniums.

An interesting idea for a small garden will be planted plants in a plastic pipe cut in half. It is customary to hang such a device from the beams of the veranda. Or you can attach it to the branch of a large tree. Do not forget to make holes for water outflow at the bottom of the plastic structure.

Vertical flower bed

Vertical flower beds are still a rarity, and therefore look the most original and unusual devices. And they take up very little space! They are also good because they take up very little space. To equip a vertical flower bed, prepare special multi-tiered containers that are intended for planting plants. To create a flower bed-tower, boxes without a bottom are also suitable: place the largest one below, then the smaller one, and finally the smallest one.

Fill the boxes with earth, and plant the plants in places free from boxes. For vertical flower beds, it is not necessary to use climbing plants for hedges. Ferns, dahlias, asters, majors, marigolds will do. And if you plant herbs, vegetables and herbs, then you get a real vertical garden.

Rope alleys

If the area of ​​the personal plot allows, you can equip a real cableway. To do this, it is necessary to install pillars on the site using roughly processed wood, and connect them to each other using sagging ropes. Chains are also suitable for this. After that, it remains only to twine with vines, for example, climbing roses.

Some vines will thrive in the crown of aging trees. Plants such as short-tailed clematis, moonseed, Siberian prince will perfectly fill the space between shrubs and trees. In addition, green curtains of lianas are a suitable backdrop for perennials.

Other supports

In addition to traditional supports, other garden structures can be used for vertical landscaping. These are columns, garlands, pyramids, obelisks and even forgotten gazebos. In addition, stone structures entwined with green plants, garden sculptures and figures, tall stumps or a dead tree look beautiful, as in the photo of vertical gardening.

Lianas in vertical gardening

Lianas are the most flexible plants, as they inhabit a wide variety of tiers of the garden: they can be ground cover, they can rise to a height of 25 m.In contrast to shrubs and trees, they have long flexible stems, which help them take intricate forms, depending on the structure of the support or relief plot.

The characteristic features of vines are as follows - high flexibility and insignificant thickness of the stem. Therefore, without support, the plant is not able to maintain an upright position. Another property of vines is intensive growth. Some specimens grow up to 15 cm per day.

Vines master supports in different ways and therefore are divided into the following varieties:

  • Leaning vines. Such plants do not have special organs for climbing. On the supports, their shoots are attached by means of thorns and thorns. This category includes climbing roses, wolfberry and blackberry.
  • Cornelaceous vines. They are fixed with the help of adventitious roots that develop in conditions of increased shade and humidity. These include ivy, some hydrangeas, vanilla and kampsis.
  • Curly vines. These plants grow in a spiral and are attached by rotating in a circle around the support. Their shoots are twisted either clockwise or counterclockwise. Among climbing plants, actinidia, lemongrass, woodworm, and honeysuckle are known.
  • Antennae lianas. Such specimens are attached using antennae, which are characterized by stem and leaf origin. When in contact with a solid support, they begin to wrap around them. Let's say these are ordinary and girlish grapes, Amur grapes and grapes.
  • Leaf climbers. This category is a species of tendril vines. They are fixed on the support by means of leaf petioles, which are able to fix the shoot in an upright position. After gripping the support, the petiole hardens, so you cannot remove it without damage. Princes and clematis are known among such plants.

Among the lianas there are one - and perennial plants. The category of perennial climbing plants is divided into herbaceous and woody species. The stalks of the first die off annually, and new ones appear in the spring. The stems of the latter live for many years, as they become lignified. Among perennial herbaceous vines, clematis and hops are popular, among annuals - mad cucumber and sweet peas.

Popular plants for landscaping

Florists will name a lot of plants that are suitable for vertical gardening. These are specimens with curly leaves, edible and inedible fruits, such that beautifully bloom with fragrant flowers. However, not everything is as simple as it seems. Some of them are difficult and capricious to grow, others are not suitable for all areas, and still others grow too slowly. Let's look at the popular names of climbing plants that summer residents have been growing for more than a dozen years:

  1. The grapes are maiden. This plant has large leaves of a finger-dissected appearance. These vines are capable of adhering to any type of surface, even glass. Grows in the shade, in the sun and is undemanding to the soil. It tolerates wintering well. It can grow up to 4 m per year. The leaves have a very beautiful shape, and in the fall they acquire a bright red color. Its inedible berries are also very beautiful.
  2. Amur grapes. In many ways it is similar to the girlish look, but less common in household plots. He winters well. And the berries, fortunately, are edible. Beautiful leaves and fruits allow you to recreate the effect of a living tapestry with vertical gardening of walls.
  3. Common hops. This is a plant from the category of those that can be planted and forgotten about leaving. It is not necessary to cover it in winter. It prefers to grow in the shade, but it grows successfully in the sun. Most often, hops are harder to remove from the site, so you still have to control its growth. However, it looks gorgeous.
  4. Clematis. This climbing plant is very popular as it blooms beautifully. Each variety has different sizes, shape and color of flowers - white, blue, red, lilac and even almost black. If you want to make a bright accent on the site, plant clematis with huge flowers. The plant is unpretentious, but needs feeding and watering. It can withstand minor frosts, but closer to winter it must be covered.
  5. Honeysuckle honeysuckle. This plant blooms with fragrant flowers that have a pinkish-peach color. Honeysuckle is capable of densely braiding supports, so the shoots must be corrected, otherwise they will twist. The plant perfectly tolerates the worst frosts, and there is no point in removing it for the winter. The only thing that honeysuckle does not like is dampness, so plant it in dry places or do good drainage.
  6. Actinidia kolomikta. The plant has attractive leaves and flowers. In addition, its berries are healing. The plant does not require cutting, shelter for the winter and the selection of a certain place for planting. But it is recommended to direct the shoots at the first time after disembarkation and protect from cats by equipping the nets, since animals like to taste actinidia. It is recommended not to remove such a net for about 2 years. Actinidia needs abundant watering and feeding.
  7. Lemongrass Chinese. This vine is not very common in our country. However, it is absolutely in vain, because it can grow in Spartan conditions, subject to minimal care. Lemongrass is almost not affected by pests and does not get sick. This vine is large, reaching more than 10 m. Therefore, install large supports for it. In addition, lemongrass will be an excellent solution for the walls of houses and fences. The entire lemongrass plant is medicinal.
  8. Climbing rose. This plant looks just enchanting. But meanwhile it is very difficult for vertical cultivation, but not demanding in terms of maintenance. The rose itself does not twist unless you help it. Therefore, it is recommended to regularly tie the shoots to the support, as shown in the photo of climbing plants. You can plant roses that bloom once a season. Or you can find varieties that will delight you with new buds for a long time. The plant will endure cold wintering if you insulate it well and create a "warm house", otherwise it will freeze and will not bloom. In the summer, caring for climbing roses is the same as caring for ordinary roses.


In addition, a curly pumpkin can be used to decorate a country-style garden. It produces lush greenery and bizarre fruits that come in a variety of shapes. You can also plant legumes - peas, asparagus, ornamental beans. Or you can pick up other plants, having previously built a reliable and solid support, according to our recommendations.


SUPPORTS FOR PLAID ROSES

Depending on the variety, climbing roses can reach 5 m in length or more - first, their shoots must be tied to the structural elements with a soft twine, guiding as they grow. The support must be selected based on the characteristics of the cultivar - more powerful plants need a more reliable design: the weight of adult specimens can be several kilograms.

The choice of supports for climbing roses is great, since this plant has a wide range of applications in garden design - from country-style to modern and many others.

These roses belong to the group of leaning vines, so the supports for them should be equipped with horizontal bars. Lattices, ladders, obelisks are suitable for roses with vertically growing shoots. The distance between the beams can be quite large - about 50 cm. Flexible and long shoots will be comfortable on arches and pergolas.


4. Actinidia

There are a lot of varieties of this kiwi relative. Moreover, this plant is often grown as a fruit vine, although most of the species are very decorative. Of course, actinidia kolomikta manifests itself brighter than others. (Actinidia kolomikta)originating from the Far East. Its leaves change over the course of the season, gradually turning white towards the beginning of flowering and turning pink afterwards. The length of the vine can reach 7 m, it is frost-hardy and does not require special attention. If you also want to get a harvest of useful fruits, you will have to plant heterosexual plants, since all types of actinidia are dioecious. A strong support for this climbing vine is a must.


The foliage of actinidia kolomikta is very elegant

Read more about the different types of actinidia in the article Actinidia: species diversity and growing in the garden.

You can pick up actinidia seedlings for vertical gardening or harvesting useful fruits in our market. Take a look at the Actinidia seedlings section.


Perennial unpretentious curly flowers for growing in the shade

Decorating an unattractive building or fence is popular, and in some situations the only solution for unattractive areas. These plants can grow organically even in the absence of sunlight, harmoniously complementing the site. What perennial curly flowers to choose for a garden or summer cottage to plant in shaded areas? We suggest considering the most popular specimens.

Magic maiden grapes

Who among us has not heard of maiden grapes? It is a truly attractive plant that is a perennial shrub capable of reaching 15 meters in height.

Vines have antennae of a branched type, they cover the supports as tightly as possible, wrapping them beautifully. Thanks to the ability to wrap around posts, fences in an original way, maiden grapes are one of the most popular planting options for vertical landscaping. The main difference between the culture is the incredible beauty of foliage with refined ornaments. The specimens look especially impressive in the fall.

Princes or clematis

Dukes are distant relatives of clematis. Their main difference is in the structure of the flower. Since clematis are attached to supports with leaves, they are ideal for planting next to rope or wire mesh.

Knyazhiks thrive on neutral types of soils; slightly alkaline soils are also suitable. Plants prefer moderate moisture, they can grow both in sunny areas and in the shade.

The first year of development of the princes requires abundant watering. During the summer season, it is important to carry out at least 3 liquid dressings, it is better to use organic matter and minerals for this. There are many ways to propagate such perennial curly flowers for summer cottages. The most popular is grafting, dividing rhizomes, using cuttings.

Original ivy

Ivy is a classic of the genre among lianas. It is successfully cultivated as a ground cover, a climbing representative. This vine is not capricious, it is easy to care for it. Ivy is not afraid of frost, it develops well in the shade. Most often, cultures are planted to decorate a gazebo, pergola, and other supports. Also, culture often becomes an excellent addition to residential buildings, since it does not harm buildings at all.


The main thing is to adhere to the basic recommendations:

  • plant climbing plants in areas where building construction or other repair work will not be carried out
  • provide crops with reliable support, while making a start from the variety
  • annually remove dry shoots, wilted flowers, give the bushes a beautiful shape
  • provide the flowers with the right types of fertilizers.

Please note that wooden materials are not used as arches for climbing plants. If the supports are made of metal, remove the branches for the winter so that they are not damaged in the winter.

Annual vines are very rarely planted in the garden, due to the large amount of trouble, but perennial varieties will perfectly decorate the territory for many years.


The best plants for vertical gardening

A garden without vertical elements seems dull and flat. With the help of elegant arches, massive pergolas, expressive obelisks, various trellises and trellises, the design is taken to a new level. And without colorful landscaping, harmony cannot be achieved. Adding expressiveness to the vertical relief of the garden, introducing interesting elements, a special category of plants is introduced into the garden - vines. Curly and climbing, large and compact, decorative leafy, flowering and even berry - all these garden climbers are inimitable in their talents. They are very different, but absolutely irreplaceable.

Arch entwined with clematis. © Dorling Kindersley

Soaring clouds, luxurious flowering waterfalls and bedspreads, green canopies ... The beauty of the best garden vines deserves so many epithets. Their assortment is so great that anyone, even the most sophisticated lover, can find his favorite. Fragrant or colorful, vintage or trendy, dense or lace, light or heavy, useful or highly decorative, durable or in need of regular rejuvenation and replacement - vines are very different. And they are also used in the design of the garden in a very diverse way.

The simplest classification of garden climbers divides plants into two groups:

  1. Annual garden vines.
  2. Perennial plants.

Summer creepers are much less common. They are used for seasonal design or in situations where you need to quickly solve the problem of masking unsightly places. But despite the fact that such steeplejacks die off every year, they have their "trump cards". Rapid growth, exotic flowering, bright colors, the ability to always change the appearance of the garden and unpretentiousness draw the attention of an increasing number of gardeners to these vines.

Best Annual Tops:

  • morning glory (Ipomoea tricolor), whose simple popular name bindweed does not diminish its beauty and talent to twine around any support and decorate any corner
  • sweet pea (Lathyrus odoratus) with its lacy beauty and luxurious loose inflorescences with asymmetrical, spongy flowers that attract bees
  • scrub rough (Eccremocarpus scaber), flaunting with original tubular flowers and no less original fruits - one of the most valuable low-winter crops
  • winged tunbergia, Black-eyed Suzanne, or black-eyed (Thunbergia alata) Is a unique liana with dark leaves, against which simple yellow-orange or white large flowers with five petals and a contrasting black "eye" sparkle.

Perennial vines are still favorites of landscape design. Long-lasting and reliable, decorating the garden for decades, they grow a little slower, but they also create vertical accents for many years. Foliage colors or flowering features, sizes and even functional purpose of different species are so different that they allow you to choose the right plants for a variety of decorative tasks.

As in garden design in general, for many years among garden vines, the most spectacular or unusual species remained the most popular. But today, attention is again returning to cultures that do not require special care, are distinguished not only by their beauty, but also by their endurance. Classic vines - honeysuckle, climbing roses, girlish grapes, clematis, ivy - are always in fashion. But they also have enough competitors.

The wall of the house, decorated with curly petiolate hydrangea

When choosing a liana, it is worth remembering that decorative qualities are not at all the most important. Factors to keep in mind:

  1. Features of fastening vines, influence on the support or wall materials, the likelihood of damage to the base.
  2. The weight of the vine.
  3. Correspondence of the size of the creeper to the task of vertical gardening (balance of size, density, harmony with the surrounding landscape and design elements).

The functional use of vines can be very different. They can both hide or mask something, and play the role of decoration, decorative element.

Depending on the quality in which the garden steeplejack is used, there are five main roles for flowering and decorative deciduous vines:

  1. Upholstery... Creating solid walls, screens, screens, decorating the facade, creating the feeling of a colorful canopy, carpet or living fabric - all these tasks are easily performed by large garden vines.
  2. Softening lines and harmonizing... Too massive buildings, boring objects of small architecture, uninteresting details, imbalance between height, size, silhouette or massiveness of individual design elements can be hidden and softened with the help of soft liana lines. Whether it's an acute angle, massive support, or the feeling of hiding space - steeplejacks are able to hide any imperfections that disturb perception and balance.
  3. Decorating boring planes... There is no smarter way to disguise empty, blank walls with little decorative cover, to decorate tall fences and fences, or outbuildings. With the help of a liana, even a boring garage or utility block will fit into the look of the garden.
  4. Creating decorative illusions... Vines are one of the main tools for trompe l'oeil, optical traps and space perception control. Using equally spaced supports with the same vines, playing with the effect of moving away and approaching, attracting the gaze to the starting and ending points - with the help of vines, you can gently play with the visual perception of the garden and its individual zones.
  5. Emphasizing shapes and lines... With the help of liana, you can not only hide, but also beat, emphasize the most advantageous corners of the garden. Beautiful lines of a gazebo or pergolas, elegant stylish details, especially valuable objects of small architecture, nooks for relaxation, wall fountains ... A beautiful liana can attract attention and emphasize a special atmosphere no worse than any other accents.

With the correct selection of plants, you can solve any problem in the field of vertical gardening. Vines look great on arches, obelisks, pyramids, columns, on all types of pergolas and protective structures. With their help, facades and walls are decorated, and where new ones need to be created, they use lattice supports or trellises. Lianas allow introducing interesting elements into the garden - trompe l'oeil doors, balustrades, garden ruins. And how delightful they look at pavilions and gazebos, climbing astounding heights!

Climbing roses near the recreation area. © Southern Living

Let's get acquainted with the best garden vines that are widely used in vertical landscaping. Hardy, popular, vibrant, they allow you to find your perfect top for any task and take your garden design to the next level.

For a list of the best vertical landscaping plants, see the next page.


Watch the video: Top 10 Decorative Plants for Vertical Garden. Vertical Gardening Ideas


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