Observations show that today a fairly large part of the sites is devoid of attractiveness and is not well suited for good rest.
However, it is often already possible to find garden plots, which intelligently combine a garden, a vegetable garden and flower beds with vertical landscaping zones, which, with the help of vines, not only give the site a comfortable look, but also increase the planting area, protecting the site from dust and noise.
If you are improving the landscape of your site and have decided to actively use vertical gardening at the same time, then I know from experience that first of all you should decide which type of vines suits you best, and then choose a suitable place for planting them.
In the case when the purpose of landscaping is not only to give the site beauty, but also to obtain valuable fruits from the vines, then preference, of course, should be given to such vines as actinidia, lemongrass and grapes. At the same time, the best of the actinidia is the actinidia kolomikta, which is quite frost-hardy and gives annual harvests of the most valuable berries, reminiscent of strawberries in taste and smell.
The value of the berries of the Chinese magnolia vine, which yields yields in a year, as well as Amur grapes, which are distinguished by their unpretentiousness and high resistance to the climate of our zone, is also well known. If the task of vertical gardening is the need to decorate unsightly areas of a site or old walls of a house and outbuildings, then it is quite possible to get by with ordinary hops growing in our forests, petiolate hydrangea, maiden grapes or woodworms, and the last two vines are very good until late autumn.
If, when landscaping a site, you first of all need beauty, then clematis, climbing roses, as well as curly flowers - sweet peas, morning glory, nasturtium, decorative beans and curly pumpkin should be considered the best vines here.
For good survival of seedlings and their normal growth and development, it is equally important to choose a place for planting vines. Judging from my own experience, I can say that even clematis and curly flowers, which are considered lovers of sunlight, often turn away from it and direct their growth in a darkened direction.
The rest of the above vines, which came to us from the forest, are quite shade-tolerant, and they can be placed even under trees, but not under fruit trees, since, being predators, they are able to very noticeably oppress any plants entwined with them. A tree-nose plier is generally unacceptable under trees, especially under conifers, since it is capable of strangling them mercilessly, as its very name speaks volumes about.
Lianas can be placed against any walls from the west, east and northwest, and hops can even be placed from the north of buildings. And only clematis and curly flowers are best placed from the south of the buildings. As for the soil, for vines, it must be alkaline or neutral. And only hops put up with slightly acidic soil.
Having chosen the most suitable vines and a place for them, in April, when the soil thaws, planting holes should be prepared. Moreover, in the most typical cases of planting vines - near the walls of houses and outbuildings, near fences, pergolas, sheds or trellises - the pit is made with a slight slope from the base of these structures, and its walls and the bottom of the pit are coated with oily clay.
After that, drainage is arranged at the bottom of the pit to a level of about 20-25 cm, which can be used as crushed stone, pebbles, broken stone, as well as various bottles and cans that improve air access to the roots of vines. On top of the drainage, a layer of soil is poured, containing at least 50% humus or compost, up to 0.5 buckets of ash and a complex mineral fertilizer mixed with soil removed from the pit.
At the same time, at a height equal to slightly more than half the height of the pit, an annular drainage belt about 10 cm thick is made, on which a piece of pipe or hose is installed at the pit wall, which subsequently serves for watering and feeding the plant. Due to this, the aqueous solution, passing through the belt of the drainage ring and spreading, evenly enters the roots of the vines, supplying them well with moisture and nutrients.
When planting seedlings of vines in a place prepared for them, it is very important to provide in advance the most suitable support in order to exclude trauma to the roots during the survival and growth of the plant. At the same time, it is not at all necessary to get carried away with complex supports, often recommended in the literature, but to do with the simplest ones, which do not require much labor and funds. For most vines (actinidia, grapes, hops, woodworm, etc.), it is usually enough to either run them on the wall of buildings, stuffing wooden slats on it or fixing a wire frame, or make a support wall from pipes, battens and wire.
Lemongrass can also be formed simply in the form of a bush by driving a 1-1.5 m high stake into the ground, around which the vine will hang around. For clematis, climbing roses and sweet peas, the simplest wood supports are quite suitable, allowing you to easily remove these flowers from them in the fall and cover them for the winter. For such vines as petiolate hydrangea and maiden grapes, when planted near the wall of a house, outbuildings, terraces or pergolas, specialized supports are not required at all, since they hook very well to rough surfaces made of wood, brick and plaster using the existing petioles and tendrils.
Schemes for fixing vines on a wall frame (A),
(B) support wall
(C, D, D) and on separate supports:
1 - wall;
2 - slats;
3 - pipes;
4 - bars;
5 - wire or twine garter;
6 - slats, bars or pipes;
7 - twine;
8 - pegs.
When planting seedlings of vines, it is also very important to ensure a certain burial of them in the soil and shelter of the root system. Experience shows that it is better to plant grapes and lemongrass at the level of the root collar with the soil surface, and actinidia, hops and clematis should be buried in the soil by 2-3 cm, 4-5 cm and 6-8 cm, respectively.At the same time, immediately after planting the soil under the vines must either be sown with low-growing plants or flowers, or well mulched with humus, compost or rotted sawdust. As a vegetation cover, as the experience of some gardeners shows, the shoots bent and Veronica, which provide a creeping cover of the soil, are well suited.
In conclusion, I want to state that the fears of some gardeners that the presence of vines in the garden, especially near the walls, leads to the appearance of dampness, has not been confirmed by practice. On the contrary, the leaves of the vines, overlapping each other like tiles, protect the walls from rain well, and the root system even takes moisture away from the foundations.
Moreover, as scientists have established, in addition to giving additional attractiveness to the site, vines also serve as an excellent thermostat for the microclimate, and also reduce the thermal radiation of buildings without interfering with sunlight. Their foliage also enriches the air entering the premises of the house with oxygen.
I think that, taking into account all of the above, it can be confidently asserted that the vines, decorating the garden, give comfort to the rest in it. You can purchase seedlings of the selected species of lianas by visiting our table of plant nurseries with a variety of planting materials presented in it.
Anatoly Veselov, gardener
Vertical gardening is one of the favorite techniques in landscaping. With its help, it will be possible to qualitatively decorate the shortcomings of various objects in the country and disguise unattractive places. You can also divide the territory into specific functional areas. After competently carried out work on vertical gardening, your site will be transformed and simply merge with nature.
Attempts to decorate your summer cottage or house by vertical gardening have always been observed. But, nevertheless, you need to know about the possibilities of using vertical gardening, which are most often practiced today:
To achieve a good result, various improvised means are used when landscaping a site. These are ropes, garters, wire, frames, screens, lattices. Therefore, it is recommended to carefully study all structures that can be used for vertical gardening.
The hedge is a classic landscape design technique. It can be based on an ordinary fence - forged, wooden or stone. For its decoration, as a rule, are used: decorative beans, morning glory, hops, wild grapes, honeysuckle and other vines. The role of a hedge can also be played by a screen or trellis, which are able to reliably support climbing plants and let the sun's rays through well.
It is with the hedge that most often the epic of landscaping the site begins. With their help, you can separate the recreation area from the utility area. Also, such designs help create the so-called green rooms, which are very popular in regular French gardens.
To decorate the walls of a house or summer cottage with the help of plants, special structures are preliminarily created - metal or wooden frames. The role of vertical supports is performed by 2 metal profiles or 2 boards, on which the lower and upper crossbars are attached. It is customary to connect metal elements with screws, wooden ones - with nails. After assembling the structure, it is installed in a permanent place, that is, against the wall, by burying and concreting the supports. Inside the frames, wire or dense cords are pulled, which serve to support the vines.
Often, for landscaping the facade of a building, climbing plants are simply planted around the perimeter of the house, without creating any special tricks for fixing them. Vines will cling to walls with the help of their aerial roots, tendril suckers. For these purposes, girlish grapes, ivy and creeping hydrangea are excellent. If you wish, you can put moss on the walls, which will grow into a beautiful solid carpet.
The arch is a familiar element that is used throughout landscape design. As a rule, such structures are installed over garden paths. For the manufacture of the arch, ordinary reinforcing rods are used. They are bent in the right places, after which they are connected with diameters to each other. To create an arch under which you can pass, you will need rods, which have a total length of 8 m. This structure is not too heavy, so there is no need to concrete its supports.
Climbing roses, grapes, honeysuckle, morning glory, clematis, launched along a solid adjacent frame, are excellent for decorating an arch and vertical gardening in the country. If the space on the site allows, you can equip a gallery of several arches. Several arches located one by one are able to visually expand the territory of the personal plot. In a small area, it is enough to build a tunnel of 3-4 such arches.
A pergola is a decorative structure that consists of several columns that support lattice structures. Pergolas are usually used to connect different parts of the garden. Let's say terraces and shady courts. When choosing materials for creating a pergola, you need to focus on the style of your personal plot.
If your garden has a lot of paved paths made of brick or stone, then build a pergola from this material. For a modern cottage, it is advisable to use metal pipes, which should be fixed to a concrete foundation. The lattice itself is most often made of wood. Indeed, against the background of wood, vines look perfect in any garden. Wooden trellises should be strong enough to support the weight of the surrounding plants, but not very bulky.
The trellis is a lattice structure - wood, plastic, metal, which consists of a dense frame and thin internal slats. It is customary to attach such a frame to the walls of the house, to the vertical supports of the pergola. Also, trellises are often used as an independent structure to create an enclosed space or dividing a site into functional zones.
If you plan to make a trellis with your own hands, then use wood for this. First, build a frame from thick bars, which will give rigidity to the structure and protect it from deformation. After that, inside the frame, thin slats are fastened crosswise, which have a section of 25 by 25 mm. The side of the resulting rhombus or square should be about 10 cm long. If you make a smaller distance, then the structure will look heavy.
When landscaping a site vertically, various boxes, containers and hanging flowerpots are often used. This method is usually used to decorate the facade near the entrance to the house and recreation areas. In addition, container gardening is a great option for decorating gazebos, terraces and verandas. Not superfluous vertical containers, flowerpots and beautiful boxes with plants in the patio. Blooming ampelous plants will look especially good in them. These are begonias, petunias and pelargoniums.
An interesting idea for a small garden will be planted plants in a plastic pipe cut in half. It is customary to hang such a device from the beams of the veranda. Or you can attach it to the branch of a large tree. Do not forget to make holes for water outflow at the bottom of the plastic structure.
Vertical flower beds are still a rarity, and therefore look the most original and unusual devices. And they take up very little space! They are also good because they take up very little space. To equip a vertical flower bed, prepare special multi-tiered containers that are intended for planting plants. To create a flower bed-tower, boxes without a bottom are also suitable: place the largest one below, then the smaller one, and finally the smallest one.
Fill the boxes with earth, and plant the plants in places free from boxes. For vertical flower beds, it is not necessary to use climbing plants for hedges. Ferns, dahlias, asters, majors, marigolds will do. And if you plant herbs, vegetables and herbs, then you get a real vertical garden.
If the area of the personal plot allows, you can equip a real cableway. To do this, it is necessary to install pillars on the site using roughly processed wood, and connect them to each other using sagging ropes. Chains are also suitable for this. After that, it remains only to twine with vines, for example, climbing roses.
Some vines will thrive in the crown of aging trees. Plants such as short-tailed clematis, moonseed, Siberian prince will perfectly fill the space between shrubs and trees. In addition, green curtains of lianas are a suitable backdrop for perennials.
In addition to traditional supports, other garden structures can be used for vertical landscaping. These are columns, garlands, pyramids, obelisks and even forgotten gazebos. In addition, stone structures entwined with green plants, garden sculptures and figures, tall stumps or a dead tree look beautiful, as in the photo of vertical gardening.
Lianas are the most flexible plants, as they inhabit a wide variety of tiers of the garden: they can be ground cover, they can rise to a height of 25 m.In contrast to shrubs and trees, they have long flexible stems, which help them take intricate forms, depending on the structure of the support or relief plot.
The characteristic features of vines are as follows - high flexibility and insignificant thickness of the stem. Therefore, without support, the plant is not able to maintain an upright position. Another property of vines is intensive growth. Some specimens grow up to 15 cm per day.
Vines master supports in different ways and therefore are divided into the following varieties:
Among the lianas there are one - and perennial plants. The category of perennial climbing plants is divided into herbaceous and woody species. The stalks of the first die off annually, and new ones appear in the spring. The stems of the latter live for many years, as they become lignified. Among perennial herbaceous vines, clematis and hops are popular, among annuals - mad cucumber and sweet peas.
Florists will name a lot of plants that are suitable for vertical gardening. These are specimens with curly leaves, edible and inedible fruits, such that beautifully bloom with fragrant flowers. However, not everything is as simple as it seems. Some of them are difficult and capricious to grow, others are not suitable for all areas, and still others grow too slowly. Let's look at the popular names of climbing plants that summer residents have been growing for more than a dozen years:
In addition, a curly pumpkin can be used to decorate a country-style garden. It produces lush greenery and bizarre fruits that come in a variety of shapes. You can also plant legumes - peas, asparagus, ornamental beans. Or you can pick up other plants, having previously built a reliable and solid support, according to our recommendations.
Depending on the variety, climbing roses can reach 5 m in length or more - first, their shoots must be tied to the structural elements with a soft twine, guiding as they grow. The support must be selected based on the characteristics of the cultivar - more powerful plants need a more reliable design: the weight of adult specimens can be several kilograms.
The choice of supports for climbing roses is great, since this plant has a wide range of applications in garden design - from country-style to modern and many others.
These roses belong to the group of leaning vines, so the supports for them should be equipped with horizontal bars. Lattices, ladders, obelisks are suitable for roses with vertically growing shoots. The distance between the beams can be quite large - about 50 cm. Flexible and long shoots will be comfortable on arches and pergolas.
There are a lot of varieties of this kiwi relative. Moreover, this plant is often grown as a fruit vine, although most of the species are very decorative. Of course, actinidia kolomikta manifests itself brighter than others. (Actinidia kolomikta)originating from the Far East. Its leaves change over the course of the season, gradually turning white towards the beginning of flowering and turning pink afterwards. The length of the vine can reach 7 m, it is frost-hardy and does not require special attention. If you also want to get a harvest of useful fruits, you will have to plant heterosexual plants, since all types of actinidia are dioecious. A strong support for this climbing vine is a must.
The foliage of actinidia kolomikta is very elegant
Read more about the different types of actinidia in the article Actinidia: species diversity and growing in the garden.
You can pick up actinidia seedlings for vertical gardening or harvesting useful fruits in our market. Take a look at the Actinidia seedlings section.
Decorating an unattractive building or fence is popular, and in some situations the only solution for unattractive areas. These plants can grow organically even in the absence of sunlight, harmoniously complementing the site. What perennial curly flowers to choose for a garden or summer cottage to plant in shaded areas? We suggest considering the most popular specimens.
Who among us has not heard of maiden grapes? It is a truly attractive plant that is a perennial shrub capable of reaching 15 meters in height.
Vines have antennae of a branched type, they cover the supports as tightly as possible, wrapping them beautifully. Thanks to the ability to wrap around posts, fences in an original way, maiden grapes are one of the most popular planting options for vertical landscaping. The main difference between the culture is the incredible beauty of foliage with refined ornaments. The specimens look especially impressive in the fall.
Dukes are distant relatives of clematis. Their main difference is in the structure of the flower. Since clematis are attached to supports with leaves, they are ideal for planting next to rope or wire mesh.
Knyazhiks thrive on neutral types of soils; slightly alkaline soils are also suitable. Plants prefer moderate moisture, they can grow both in sunny areas and in the shade.
The first year of development of the princes requires abundant watering. During the summer season, it is important to carry out at least 3 liquid dressings, it is better to use organic matter and minerals for this. There are many ways to propagate such perennial curly flowers for summer cottages. The most popular is grafting, dividing rhizomes, using cuttings.
Ivy is a classic of the genre among lianas. It is successfully cultivated as a ground cover, a climbing representative. This vine is not capricious, it is easy to care for it. Ivy is not afraid of frost, it develops well in the shade. Most often, cultures are planted to decorate a gazebo, pergola, and other supports. Also, culture often becomes an excellent addition to residential buildings, since it does not harm buildings at all.
The main thing is to adhere to the basic recommendations:
Please note that wooden materials are not used as arches for climbing plants. If the supports are made of metal, remove the branches for the winter so that they are not damaged in the winter.
Annual vines are very rarely planted in the garden, due to the large amount of trouble, but perennial varieties will perfectly decorate the territory for many years.
A garden without vertical elements seems dull and flat. With the help of elegant arches, massive pergolas, expressive obelisks, various trellises and trellises, the design is taken to a new level. And without colorful landscaping, harmony cannot be achieved. Adding expressiveness to the vertical relief of the garden, introducing interesting elements, a special category of plants is introduced into the garden - vines. Curly and climbing, large and compact, decorative leafy, flowering and even berry - all these garden climbers are inimitable in their talents. They are very different, but absolutely irreplaceable.
Arch entwined with clematis. © Dorling Kindersley
Soaring clouds, luxurious flowering waterfalls and bedspreads, green canopies ... The beauty of the best garden vines deserves so many epithets. Their assortment is so great that anyone, even the most sophisticated lover, can find his favorite. Fragrant or colorful, vintage or trendy, dense or lace, light or heavy, useful or highly decorative, durable or in need of regular rejuvenation and replacement - vines are very different. And they are also used in the design of the garden in a very diverse way.
The simplest classification of garden climbers divides plants into two groups:
Summer creepers are much less common. They are used for seasonal design or in situations where you need to quickly solve the problem of masking unsightly places. But despite the fact that such steeplejacks die off every year, they have their "trump cards". Rapid growth, exotic flowering, bright colors, the ability to always change the appearance of the garden and unpretentiousness draw the attention of an increasing number of gardeners to these vines.
Best Annual Tops:
Perennial vines are still favorites of landscape design. Long-lasting and reliable, decorating the garden for decades, they grow a little slower, but they also create vertical accents for many years. Foliage colors or flowering features, sizes and even functional purpose of different species are so different that they allow you to choose the right plants for a variety of decorative tasks.
As in garden design in general, for many years among garden vines, the most spectacular or unusual species remained the most popular. But today, attention is again returning to cultures that do not require special care, are distinguished not only by their beauty, but also by their endurance. Classic vines - honeysuckle, climbing roses, girlish grapes, clematis, ivy - are always in fashion. But they also have enough competitors.
The wall of the house, decorated with curly petiolate hydrangea
When choosing a liana, it is worth remembering that decorative qualities are not at all the most important. Factors to keep in mind:
The functional use of vines can be very different. They can both hide or mask something, and play the role of decoration, decorative element.
Depending on the quality in which the garden steeplejack is used, there are five main roles for flowering and decorative deciduous vines:
With the correct selection of plants, you can solve any problem in the field of vertical gardening. Vines look great on arches, obelisks, pyramids, columns, on all types of pergolas and protective structures. With their help, facades and walls are decorated, and where new ones need to be created, they use lattice supports or trellises. Lianas allow introducing interesting elements into the garden - trompe l'oeil doors, balustrades, garden ruins. And how delightful they look at pavilions and gazebos, climbing astounding heights!
Climbing roses near the recreation area. © Southern Living
Let's get acquainted with the best garden vines that are widely used in vertical landscaping. Hardy, popular, vibrant, they allow you to find your perfect top for any task and take your garden design to the next level.
For a list of the best vertical landscaping plants, see the next page.