In world fruit growing by area and berry production strawberry takes a leading place among berry crops.
High plasticity and adaptability of plants to environmental conditions, early entry into the fruiting period, annual high yields, excellent taste and dietary qualities of fruits, their early ripening and processing ability, quick recoupment of plantation costs have led to increased interest in the cultivation of this crop in various countries of the world.
Strawberries multiply easily and quickly, and the next year after planting it gives a good harvest, and from the second year it comes into full fruiting.
It is a high-yielding and annually fruitful crop. With a yield of 5 kg from 10 m², it already becomes highly profitable, and with high agricultural technology with the introduction of new intensive technologies and the correct selection of varieties appropriate for the region, the yield can be increased to 15-20 kg or more from 10 m².
In our country, due to its exceptional ecological adaptability, strawberries as an industrial crop are successfully cultivated everywhere - from the Far North to the southern borders and occupies more than 20 thousand hectares with a tendency to increase the specific weight of this crop to 30-40% of the area occupied by all berry crops.
A short growing season, cultivation on a wide variety of soils, good overwintering of plants under a snow cover allows you to grow strawberries in severe climatic regions, where fruit trees and berry bushes often freeze slightly and bear little fruit.
Strawberry berries attract gardeners all over the world with their amazing qualities, which are inherent in this culture in a rare combination: outwardly attractive, fragrant, with an excellent aroma and excellent taste and marketability. After the winter period, they are the first of the berries to enter the trade network and are in unlimited demand from the population.
In addition, thanks to the creation of varieties with different ripening periods, as well as remontant varieties, the use of various types of film shelters and stationary greenhouses, you can get these wonderful berries almost all year round.
In folk medicine, for a long time, fresh strawberries have been used as a remedy for many diseases: with a lack of hemoglobin, with narrowing of the blood vessels that feed the heart. They were used for cholelithiasis, diabetes, gout, for the normalization of the intestines, for gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcers, colitis, respiratory diseases, hypertension, atherosclerosis, etc.
Strawberry leaves, rich in vitamin C, and rhizomes containing an astringent, have been used medicinally to rinse the mouth and throat for angina.
For centuries, practice and experience have been accumulating in the use of strawberries as a medicinal plant, as mentioned in the works of S.M. Vasiliev and other researchers. A more detailed generalization of literary information about the medicinal properties of strawberries was made by N. Derzhavina in the book "Healing Strawberries", where it is said that Apuleius, who lived in the II century AD, talked about how to use strawberries for pain in the spleen, and the juice of the plant itself, mixed with honey - with difficulty breathing.
Later, already in the 15th century, the famous physician Johann Bauginus advised using a water extract from strawberries as the best way to quench thirst for various diseases of the liver and lungs, as well as for inflammatory processes in various organs. Patients with inflammatory processes, he advised to prolong and preserve life, drink extract from berries 2-3 times a day, one spoon; at the same dose, the extract is recommended for relieving chest pain and against jaundice. In addition, Bauginus suggests using strawberry water as an excellent toilet remedy for redness and freckles.
An excellent therapist of the time, Konrad Gesner, used strawberry juice squeezed from berries previously infused with alcohol against kidney stones. Naturalist Leonard Fuchs found that crushed strawberry herb is excellent for healing wounds, and a decoction of strawberry leaves strengthens the gums and teeth and eliminates bad taste in the mouth.
In those ancient times, only wild strawberries, which grew in abundance everywhere, were used as a remedy. And strawberry cultivation, as you know, began much later: varieties of large-fruited garden strawberries appeared in Europe only in the 17th century, and since that time they have also been used for medicinal purposes.
In 1644, the Dutch court physician Rombert Dodopeus provides the most detailed information about the medicinal properties of strawberries, confirming all the above provisions, and recommends additionally using strawberries and their tincture on water and vodka as a diuretic to cleanse the kidneys and bladder. He advised people prone to sweating a lot to take baths with a decoction of strawberry leaves.
The famous naturalist Linnaeus was healed from gout with strawberries, and his disciple Gedin found that arthritis is perfectly amenable to strawberry treatment. About strawberries, he wrote the following: "Anyone who eats a lot of strawberries and, moreover, twice a day during the entire harvesting time, he cleans his blood better than when using various mineral waters."
Summarizing all the information of medieval scientists about the medicinal properties of strawberries, we can only draw one conclusion that strawberries were popular as a medicine and were used to treat all kinds of diseases.
The most widely spread strawberry treatment was in the 18th century, when, not only with the help of observations, but also, based on the results of analyzes and special experiments, the range of diseases that could be treated with this plant and its fruits was significantly expanded. Later, the anthelmintic effect of strawberries was also established.
Then, in the 19th century, with the advent of a variety of inventions and discoveries, all the properties of strawberries were investigated. As a result, the berry plant has been successfully used in various medications.
The latest scientific practice with the use of chemical analyzes has shown that in terms of iron content, strawberries rank first among fruit and berry crops, therefore, in the treatment of anemia, it is a serious competitor to grapes, which are five times inferior to strawberries in this indicator, and ferrous mineral waters, which can replace with strawberries.
Strawberries are a valuable source of vitamins, minerals and organic compounds. They contain easily digestible sugars, essential oils, trace elements, organic acids and a whole group of mineral salts that are so necessary for the human body. And strawberries, like other berry crops, assimilating trace elements from the soil, successfully solve this problem, which is still inaccessible to world chemistry.
Its berries contain salts of iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sodium, aluminum, manganese, cobalt, etc., they are rich in P-active compounds (catechins, anthocyanins, flavones), vitamins C, B1, IN2, IN9, K, PP, E. Strawberry surpasses apple, pear, cherry, plum, raspberry, gooseberry, red and white currant in the amount of vitamin C. Due to the harmonious combination of sugars and acids, tender pulp, easy digestibility, a small amount of small, almost imperceptible seeds, strawberries are of great value as a dietary food product.
Strawberries are also rich in pectins - the main gift of the plant kingdom. It is pectin that protects us from the effects of increased radiation, normalizes the amount of cholesterol in the body - with an excess, it promotes its removal, and with a deficiency, it delays it. Pectin has a beneficial effect on the intracellular reactions of respiration and metabolism.
Strawberries are valuable not only fresh, but they are also widely used for processing in the form of preserves, marmalades, jellies, syrups, juices, jams, liqueurs, table wines, etc., as well as for canning, drying and freezing. At the same time, they do not lose their taste and aroma, and can be used for dietary nutrition all year round.
The iron contained in strawberries is ideally absorbed by the body, without causing any side effects, as is often the case with mineral water treatment.
Due to the rich content of calcium in strawberries, it can be used as a substitute for other mineral waters.
The phosphorus content in strawberries also plays an important role in the treatment of diseases associated with the restoration of blood, since phosphorus is an essential component in the formation of blood cells.
Comparative analyzes of forest and garden strawberries, which were made back in 1854, found that, despite some differences in their chemical composition, both of these species have a beneficial effect on the body.
Due to the significant content of pectose in garden strawberries, it is indispensable for removing sand from the kidneys, treating calculous pyelitis, hematuria and hemorrhages, especially gout and arthritis, i.e. when lime mineral water is recommended.
Due to the fact that garden strawberries are more tender and sugary than forest strawberries, they contribute to a more intense separation of urine, phlegm and bile.
Wild strawberries, having a high content of insoluble substances - fiber, seeds and ash, are less absorbed by the body and have a significant amount of acid in the berries. All this, along with the strong aromatic properties of berries, affects the peristalsis of the stomach, weakening it and stimulating the appetite.
Based on the foregoing, everyone can choose the required type and variety of strawberries for their treatment.
List of diseases for which strawberries can be successfully used, quite extensive, these include:
Strawberries are often used as an anthelmintic. In addition, it has long been used as an excellent cosmetic product. Strawberries in home use for treatment are used both raw and dried, as well as in the form of extracts, decoctions and tinctures:
Nevertheless, like any therapeutic agent, strawberries are contraindicated for some people, for example:
From all of the above, it is clear that the beneficial medicinal properties of strawberries are so undeniable that we can safely recommend using its berries throughout their ripening period as much and often as possible in order to cleanse your body and stock up on health for a long winter period.
candidate of agricultural sciences
Photo by Olga Rubtsova
Kalanchoe Degremona, along with Kalanchoe pinnate, is a medicinal representative of the Kalanchoe genus, with pronounced healing properties. Both of these types have the same medicinal properties:
The presence of brood buds distinguishes Degremon from the pinnate, which has no “children”. Another difference is that during the flowering period of Kalanchoe Degremona is considered poisonous and it is forbidden to take it inside.
The healing properties of Kalanchoe pinnate and Degremon have been recognized by official medicine and are used in pharmacology for the manufacture of medicines (mainly alcoholic tinctures).
The juice of this type of Kalanchoe, contained in the stems and leaves, has healing properties. Application in medicine has a fairly wide range - gynecology, ophthalmology, surgery, etc.
If you or your loved ones often suffer from colds, then be sure to put this plant in the room in which you spend a lot of time. It is able to defeat influenza viruses and other pathogenic microbes and microorganisms.
Kalanchoe Degremon juice is very often used in the treatment of rhinitis. One has only to drop it in and the disease quickly begins to recede.
For the preparation of tincture and juice, it is worth taking leaves that are located close to the base. The juice tastes bitter, with a slight sourness. You can store it for a long time - it does not deteriorate. It is very good to have pomace in stock, especially if there are small children in the house. This juice is good for treating wounds, cuts, abrasions, ulcers and burns, as it has excellent wound healing agents.
This flower is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties. It is very good to make compresses from it. The added raw egg white will enhance the effect of the juice.
For the prevention and treatment of colds, alcohol tincture is often used. It is not difficult to make it: the cut leaves should be left in a dry and cool place for a week. After that, crush them into porridge and squeeze out the juice, which must be placed in the cold for another two days. After this time, mix Kalanchoe Degremon juice with alcohol (20% strength) in a ratio of 1:20. Keep refrigerated.
It is more convenient and more effective to use an ointment for treating wounds. It is very simple to prepare it: Grind the Kalanchoe leaves and squeeze the juice out of them, which we mix with lanolin or petroleum jelly in the proportion - 30 ml of juice per 50 grams of base.
Myrtle (Myrtle tree). The magical and healing properties of Myrtle
Myrtle tree a relatively new plant in our homes. Another name for the tree is Myrtle... This houseplant is not yet very common in our country and to meet a flowerpot in which it grows Myrtle is not possible in many houses.
Myrtle tree not only an ornamental plant. It's believed that Myrtle has magical properties and can bring more and a lot of benefits, for our at home and health... So let's find out as much as possible about Myrtle, and I am sure that after reading you will go to the shops in search of this plant.
Let's start with where the myrtle tree came from. The journey of this plant began from southern countries. It began to spread relatively recently. He began his journey around the world only in the 17th century and he began to disperse around the world very quickly.
The first mention of Myrtha is found in the Gennady Bible, which appeared in 1499.
In fact, there are not so many historical references to Myrta and its history is very meager, but in legends it is shrouded inside and out.
The most widespread legend is that Myrtle brought Adam to earth from paradise. Legend has it that when God expelled Adam and Eve from paradise, Adam was so grieved that he simply could not leave just like that, he took with him at least a small piece of paradise. This piece was a small twig of a small tree with fine foliage, it was precisely a myrtle twig. Adam germinated and planted a twig on the ground as a reminder of heavenly life.
There is also a legend that there was a wreath of myrtle on Aphrodite, the Goddess of love and beauty. This wreath was the reason that Paris recognized Aphrodite as the most beautiful. It is believed that from that moment on, myrtle is considered the sacred tree of Aphrodite. The Greeks to this day put a small twig of myrtle under the pillow of each newborn girl so that she grows as beautiful as the goddess Aphrodite herself.
There is another legend associated with Aphrodite. Under the branches of myrtle, Aphrodite made a promise of eternal life to her beloved Adonis. Based on this legend, myrtle began to be considered a plant that connects the world of the living and the dead. People who practice magical rituals to this day use myrtle in their rituals to communicate with the world of the dead.
According to another legend, again associated with the goddess Athena, it is believed that once a running competition was held and the nymph Mirsina won the competition, bypassing Athena herself. She was so angry with the victory of the nymph that in a fit of anger she killed her. But Athena immediately came to her senses and remembered how much she loved Mirsina and began to cry over her body with prayers to the gods that they would leave with her at least a particle of her beloved nymph. The gods believed in her repentance and took pity, turning Mirsina's body into a Myrtle tree.
Feng Shui is a whole science for well-being and prosperity in every home. Myrtle has taken a very honorable place in this science. Its value in this science is very great and the positive effect of the plant has been proven for centuries. Let's find out about its energetic benefits for your home.
If you believe in Chinese philosophy, and these people are far from stupid in matters of energy, then myrtle will benefit in areas of love, health, wealth. In the countries of the east, this plant is simply an irreplaceable helper for your well-being.
If you are a lonely person and for a long time cannot find family happiness and meet your love, then you definitely need myrtle. This tree, located in this zone, contributes to the attraction of love energy to you, and you will quickly meet your destiny.
If you are already an accomplished married couple, you also need myrtle. Chinese science says that the myrtle in the bedroom of the spouses, located in the love zone, strengthens the marriage bond, the spouses quarrel less often and it is much easier to find solutions to problems related to relationships and understanding. Myrtle will also help spouses in whose family conflicts often arise against the background of jealousy, in the east it is believed that myrtle soothes the feeling of jealousy.
Myrtle in the wealth zone promotes the activation of energy, which attracts wealth and cash flow into the house. The better you take care of it, the better it will grow. Myrtle tree, which will be located in the zone of wealth and grow well, will increase your wealth.
In the health zone, myrtle activates positive energy and helps to improve health. The Chinese recommend to carry out all procedures to improve health in this area, close to the myrtle. Myrtle is useful not only for energy in the health zone, but in general for its properties, which we will consider later.
Myrtle has been considered a magical plant for many centuries and is used in various rituals and as amulets.
To increase wealth, it is recommended to put a small sprig of myrtle in your wallet, it is believed that it will attract money to you.
Beads and bracelets are made from sprigs of myrtle. Such jewelry is recommended to be worn by women and men, to preserve their beauty and youth. It is also recommended not to remove such jewelry during cosmetic procedures, it is believed that myrtle will enhance their effect.
It is recommended to wear a love charm made of myrtle. To do this, put a dried flowering twig of myrtle in a small bag and wear it around the neck under clothes. Such a talisman will attract love to the lonely. It is also believed that such a talisman will become a talisman for any woman, protecting her from encroachment on her honor.
It is recommended that such a talisman be worn by spouses, and both at once. Such a talisman-amulet will save the spouses from betrayal and jealousy.
Myrtle should be placed in the house next to the entrance. This tree will protect your home from the effects of negative energy. He will protect you from ill-wishers by neutralizing the energy emanating from them, which can harm you. So myrtle, absorbing negative energy, immediately attracts positive energy, thereby cleansing your home.
Myrtle must be planted only by the mistress of the house. So that it brings you maximum benefit. It is necessary to plant it only in a good mood and in beautiful clothes. When planting myrtle, the hostess should think only of good mentally thanks to the tree for the fact that now it grows in your house. The owner of the house should look at the myrtle every morning and mentally thank the mistress of the house for planting it. So positive energy will flow into the house and there will be prosperity, love and prosperity in the house.
The flowering of the myrtle tree is equated with the beauty and purity of the immaculate bride. If myrtle has bloomed in your house, it means that prosperity in all areas will surely flourish in your house, but its wilting does not bode well. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of him very carefully and with great love.
Myrtle is a whole first aid kit in a flowerpot on your windowsill. If you pay close attention to it and know how and when to apply it correctly, you can perfectly help your health by simply planting this beautiful plant.
So why is it useful, and how do you apply it? Myrtle will benefit you even if it is just standing in the room. It serves as just the perfect air filter, no product can purify the air as well as myrtle can. It completely kills all bacteria and viruses around it, thereby disinfecting the air in your home. This is due to the fact that its leaves secrete phytoncides, which destroy all bacteria in the air.
Winter is always a period of colds, and in summer no one is immune from them. At the first manifestations of a cold, you just need to tear off a leaf from a twig and chew it. The leaf will release juice, which contains a lot of essential oils that can fight colds. It is not necessary to swallow the leaf, it is enough to chew and swallow saliva with the juice of the leaf. Even if the taste is not pleasant to you, do not drink water for at least 5 minutes.
Myrtle has a simply unique property, this plant has the ability to fight streptococcus and staphylococcus. It is recommended to put it in a nursery where small children live, who are more susceptible to bacteria and can bring them from kindergarten. It is simply incredible, but even the smallest tree can kill up to 20% of streptococci and up to 40% of staphylococci.
A decoction of myrtle is a very effective remedy for the treatment of throat diseases, it is able to overcome even purulent tonsillitis. It is used as a gargle for the throat, it is very important that this gargle can be used to treat children, even small ones. This product is completely natural and does not contain any chemical additives, which is very important when treating children.
Myrtle is effectively used in the treatment of herpes. As a treatment, lotions from myrtle infusion are used. You can also attach and hold a well-crumpled leaf of myrtle, from which the juice came out.
Myrtle broth and infusion is used for eye diseases. They are used as eye lotions as well as tea lotions, by the same method.
Alcoholic infusions are made from the leaves of myrtle. This infusion is effectively used in the treatment of purulent otitis media. Also, alcoholic infusion effectively fights against diseases of the respiratory tract, it is used even in the treatment of such a serious illness as pneumonia and with all degrees of complexity of bronchitis.
Myrtle essential oil is an excellent remedy for inhalation for respiratory diseases. Just 5 drops of myrtle essential oil added for inhalation will help you with a strong cough, both dry and wet.
Periodontal disease is quite common, its treatment is usually not very easy and the disease itself brings a lot of discomfort and pain. As a treatment, essential oil of myrtle is used, it is rubbed into the gums and rinsed with a decoction or infusion of myrtle.
If you get a cold and there is a myrtle tree in your house, just stir it more often and it will release its oils into the air, thereby killing the virus in it even more effectively. And you, inhaling these oils, will recover faster, just as inhaling such oil-enriched air contributes to the treatment of respiratory diseases.
Myrtle essential oil is added to the grind to treat coughs and colds.
Myrtle takes an active part in female beauty and preservation of youth.
Myrtle oil is added to skin rejuvenation creams. You can add a few drops of myrtle to any cream you regularly use. The myrtle oil in the cream will help smooth out wrinkles and speed up the renewal of skin cells.
Decoctions and infusions of myrtle are used as water for washing, such washing will relieve skin inflammation and help get rid of acne.
If you add myrtle oil to baby cream, it will help you get rid of acne faster.
If you suffer from hair loss, use myrtle oil rubbed into the hair roots. It helps to strengthen hair follicles and stimulates the formation of new ones. Also, this rubbing will stimulate hair growth with reduced growth.
If you have weak, brittle and lifeless hair, add a few drops of myrtle oil to your balm or mask before applying it. Leave the balm or mask on your hair for at least 5 minutes. Within a week you will see the result, your hair will become healthier and get a beautiful shine.
Of course, the myrtle plant is very useful and brings a lot of benefits, but not everyone is recommended to use it as a medicine.
Myrtle is undoubtedly not only beautiful, but also a very useful plant for your home and your health!
The observations of doctors and the experience of traditional medicine claim that strawberry treatment is quite effective in many common diseases. The almost complete absence of contraindications allows this natural remedy to be recommended to most patients.
The most popular and proven recipes for treating wild strawberries:
Nature herself has taken care of maintaining your health, know how to properly use her "medicine"!
Book: Garden strawberries: Growing, storage and harvesting, medicinal properties
Author: Zamulina T., Molodtsova T.
Genre: Growing strawberries
Publisher: Newspaper world
The size: 44.7 MB
Description: The book provides recommendations for growing strawberries: the choice of varieties, planting, crop care.
This information will help you get a good strawberry harvest. You will also find information on how to store and preserve grown berries, recipes for culinary dishes.
On our site you can download the book "Garden strawberries: Growing, storage and harvesting, healing properties" T. Zamulina free of charge and without registration in pdf format, or buy a book in the online store.
Beetroot is the most useful root vegetable with a long history. Archaeological finds confirm that its healing properties were already known in the time of Hippocrates. And even to this day, a legend has come down, according to which it was this vegetable in the deep Middle Ages that saved Eastern Europe and the Balkans from a terrible plague epidemic. Whether it really was so is now difficult to say, but the benefits of beets for human health are undeniable.