How to properly plant potatoes from A to Z


It would seem that all experienced and even novice gardeners know how to plant potatoes correctly. But each time, carrying out this responsible process, you can learn a lot for yourself. To get a high-quality and rich harvest of potatoes, you should foresee and take into account all the nuances - take care of the availability of good planting material, prepare the soil and planting site, and be sure to follow all the points of the technique of planting a vegetable crop.

Planting material

So, we have already decided that experience in planting potatoes is accumulated by any summer resident as each crop he successfully harvested. The first important factor that directly affects the achievement of the result is the choice of a good planting material. Seeds should be harvested already when the autumn harvest is in progress. Planting material is advised to be taken from those bushes that gave the maximum amount of harvest. For the purpose of harvesting planting material, it is recommended to choose tubers, the size of which is about 4 - 5 cm, but potatoes for planting can be selected and larger. As practice shows, if you plant potatoes from large tubers, then it is able to ripen earlier and give more root crops per season.

Some gardeners traditionally prefer to plant potatoes, which must first be cut, or use sprouted eyes for these purposes. Experts say that if you cut a root crop, and then dry it in the sun and dust the cut with ash, you can achieve a good effect. But in order to pre-cut the potatoes and then dry them, the weather must be warm. In the event that after planting the weather is cold and with precipitation, it may very well turn out that the potatoes that you decided to pre-cut in order to get planting material will simply rot. But experienced gardeners still prefer to cut the tubers, because most often when planting a crop, they still germinate and give a good harvest. In any case, it is up to you to cut or not cut the tubers before planting.

Tubers should be removed from storage in mid-March, dipped in a potassium permanganate solution and placed in boxes for germination. They need to be kept at a temperature of 20 - 22 degrees, and after a couple of weeks, transferred to a colder place. Tubers need to be moistened, turned over and sprayed - with water, ash solution and mineral fertilizers, which alternate.

Video "Rational planting of potatoes"

Soil preparation and site

To plant potatoes, the soil also begins to be prepared in the fall. The tops of the dug root crops should be removed from the site. To prevent pests from overwintering in it, it is recommended to burn the tops. The soil must be dug up and plowed, while the depth should be on the bayonet of the shovel. Large clods do not need to be crushed to allow the earth to breathe. If the soil has not been fertilized for a long time, they use the well-known cow dung - it is humus. Phosphorus-potash fertilizers have proven themselves well, which must be scattered over the site before digging it up. If the site is located in a lowland, it is necessary to make drainage grooves so that water leaves the garden.

With the onset of spring, when the soil warms up well, the entire area should be dug up again. Only this time, one should not neglect the crushing of clods of earth, as well as the removal of weed roots. Fertilizers on the surface should be dug in. After that, you need to level the soil so that it does not have time to dry out. The presence of sand is necessary in the soil, then the root crop will grow and develop better. The beds should be arranged in a north-south direction and the seeds should not be lowered deeper than 10 cm.
When to plant

When choosing potato varieties for your personal plot, pay attention to the timing of their planting and ripening. Some gardeners believe that vegetable crops should be planted as early as possible, others insist on later dates. Even experts are not able to name a specific landing date, since the recommended dates vary depending on the area. But even in the same region, potatoes may not be planted on the same day in different years - much depends on weather conditions.

Folk omens suggest gardeners to plant a vegetable crop when buds appear and bloom on a birch, and leaves on poplars. You can also use the "three dozen" rule - according to it, you can plant potatoes in the middle lane when the temperature for a couple of days will stay at around 10 degrees at night, the soil at a site at a depth of 10 cm will be warmed up to 10 degrees. Planting dates also depend on the variety of potatoes - early ripening varieties are distinguished (the crop can be harvested after 50 - 65 days), mid-ripening (the harvest should be expected in 80 - 95 days), late-ripening (you will be pleased with the harvest only after 110 or more days).
According to the lunar calendar, the landing can be planned during the third lunar phase, that is, within 3 to 5 days after the onset of the full moon.

Landing technique

Planting potatoes correctly today is not just the process of burying roots in prepared soil. The planting depth of potatoes depends on the type of soil, moisture, quality of the planting material. The general requirements for planting are as follows - to mark the beds, markings should be made using a rake with three teeth located after 80 cm - this will be the distance between the beds. The spacing between bushes can be measured with the length of the legs. Potatoes should be planted half a palm deep. Approximately 20 - 25 kg are planted per 100 meters of medium-sized square tubers.

When shoots appear, they need to be sprinkled with earth three times as they grow - in order to get a powerful root system. There are three main options - smooth landing, in ridges and in trenches.

Smooth or traditional planting "under a shovel" involves raising a layer of soil with a shovel, laying tubers, which you previously decided to cut or not, into the prepared hole, and then cover them with a layer of earth on top. This planting technique is well suited if the site is flat, the water does not stagnate on it, the sun's rays warm up and illuminate the ground perfectly, and you have helpers - it is quite difficult to plant in this way alone.

With a high level of groundwater and in waterlogged areas, it is better to choose planting in ridges. With the help of a hoe or a tractor, ridges are made about 15 cm high at a distance of 70 cm, into which the tubers are then planted. You can also plant potatoes in trenches - in areas with hot climates, on sandy and sandy loam soils. It's like the ridges on the contrary - they need to be deepened into the soil in order to protect them from drying out and overheating.

Unusual methods of planting potatoes include the technique under the straw - when the tubers are laid out on the site and covered with straw, and as the tops grow, they are added to the rows and spud like in traditional planting; the technique of planting in boxes on organic matter - they build ridge-containers in which tubers are placed in organic raw materials and planted; planting in barrels - fertile soil is placed in a container with drainage holes with a layer of about 15 - 20 cm, potatoes are laid and sprinkled with soil.

Video "Methods for planting potatoes"

From the video you will learn which methods are most common when planting potatoes, and which ones bring the most beneficial results.


Growing tomatoes (tomatoes) from A to Z

To facilitate the search for materials on growing tomatoes (tomatoes) from A to Z, that is, from seed treatment to harvesting, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with this article. Here you will find the highlighted links, just clicking on which will go to the material you are interested in on our website. After all, in order to grow a good harvest, you need to know - the timing of planting tomato seeds for seedlings and how to sow them correctly, the rules for caring for seedlings, how and by what scheme to transplant tomatoes into a greenhouse or open ground, how to properly care for plants in the garden, and also how collect tomato seeds. To keep the article always at hand, save it in your notes on your social networks (buttons in the right column or at the bottom under the article).


When to sow onions for seedlings: the optimal sowing dates for leeks and onions Exibishen

There are several important points (factors) that must be taken into account when choosing the timing of sowing onions for seedlings:

  • Your region of residence and its features climate, namely when you usually have the opportunity to plant seedlings in the ground.
  • Method or place for further growing seedlings, in other words, where do you plan to plant seedlings - in open ground or in a greenhouse.

By the way! It is clear that it is possible to plant onion seedlings indoors earlier (by 1-3 weeks) than outdoors, because the soil in the greenhouse warms up much faster.

  • Recommended duration of the seedling period, or rather, the required age of the seedlings by the time they are planted in the ground.

And, of course, if you wish, you can sow onion seeds for seedlings in accordance with the phases of the moon, namely focus on favorable and unfavorable days according to the lunar calendar.

Next, we'll take a closer look at each of the factors.

Self-calculation of sowing dates based on the duration of the seedling period

You can calculate the timing of sowing leeks and onions for seedlings on your own.

So, the optimal age of seedlings onions (leek and exhibition) for planting in open ground - about 2 months (50-60 days), although in the South of Russia, seedlings can already be planted at the age of 35-40 days.

It should be borne in mind that it will take 2-3 days for pecking and germination of seeds (if you carry out their pre-sowing treatment), and another 3-7 days for seedlings (germinated, of course, germinate faster).

According to the manufacturer's recommendations and depending on the variety (type)

When buying seed, you should carefully examine the packaging on the back which, as a rule, there are manufacturer's recommendations on the timing of sowing this variety, as well as short tips for growing it

Example of planting instructions on package leeks of the popular variety "Karantayskiy":

Example of instructions for planting onions Exibition:

Approximate landing dates depending on the climate of the region

We all live in different climatic zones, which means that the timing of sowing onions for seedlings, respectively, its (seedlings) planting in the ground for each region will be different.

Thus, the approximate timing of sowing onion seeds for seedlings, depending on the region and its climate:

  • So if you live on South of Russia, then sowing onions for seedlings can be already at the end of February, in order to plant closer to mid-April.
  • In the middle lane (Moscow region) - not earlier than March (optimally - in 1-2 ten days), to land in the first half of May.
  • A little later (1-2 weeks) for North-West (Leningrad region), namely: sowing should be done in the 3rd decade of March-early April, in order to plant in late May-early June.
  • In the Urals and Siberia - onions for seedlings are similarly sown in late March-early April, to be planted in late May-early June.

According to the lunar calendar in 2021

Many gardeners, when choosing specific dates for sowing, try to adhere to the lunar calendar.

Easy to remember: "Tops" - on a growing moon, "roots" - on a waning one.

In other words, what grows up above the ground (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants) is planted when the moon rises. On the contrary, what grows downward, underground (root crops - carrots, beets, turnips), are sown on the waning moon.

In this way, sowing onion seeds per head (or turnip) seedlings should be carried out during the waning moon phase (during this period, all growth processes are activated (juices go down), which has a positive effect on seed germination and future plant development). On the contrary, plant onion seeds on greens (or feather) need at time the growing moon (juices go up).

Note! Leeks are grown exclusively for a turnip (head), as however Exibition.

Forcing onions (greens or feathers) usually planted at home, on the windowsill.

So, favorable days for sowing leeks and Exhibits (i.e. on a head or turnip) in 2021, according to the lunar calendar, are:

  • in February - 2, 5, 7-9, 20-24
  • in March - 3, 6, 7, 8, 12
  • in April - 1, 19, 22-24, 28-30
  • in May - 18-21
  • in June - 15-17.

Note! If you plan to grow Exhibiting onions for herbs or feathers (which is extremely strange), then this procedure has its auspicious days.

Auspicious days according to the lunar calendar in 2021 for sowing onions on herbs or feathers for seedlings are:

  • in February - 1, 5, 6, 12-15, 17, 18, 28
  • in March - 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 20, 21
  • in April - 15-17
  • in May - 5-8
  • in June - 4-6.

Important! If for some reason you cannot perform sowing on favorable days, then you should take into account the periods New moons and Full Moons, when planting any crops is highly undesirable. And also the period when the Moon is in Aquarius, because it is a barren and dry sign - italicized.

Unfavorable days according to the lunar calendar in 2021 for sowing the seeds of any onion for seedlings, the following dates are:

  • in February - 10-11, 27
  • in March - 9-10, 13, 28
  • in April - 5-6, 12, 27
  • in May - 2-4, 11, 26, 30-31
  • in June - 10, 24, 26-27.


What tomatoes to plant for seedlings in March

Experienced summer residents know that seedlings planted not earlier than the end of March grow best of all. At this time, daylight hours increase, the plants have enough lighting, and they develop well.

But you really want to start harvesting as early as possible. And some varieties of tomatoes have a rather long growing season. Therefore, in regions with short summers, favorite varieties have to be planted early.

So what tomatoes are recommended for seedlings in March:

  1. In the suburbs and other regions of the Middle Belt in March, they are sowing late and mid-ripening tomatoes. They need to be sown before the middle of the month. Early stunted - in late March or early April. This is taking into account the fact that you will grow them in a greenhouse. For open ground, sowing dates are shifted by two weeks.
  2. In Siberia, the Urals, the Far East, it is not recommended to grow very late-ripening varieties, especially in the open field. They will not have time to ripen before frost. Late favorite varieties can be planted in the first decade, but for growing in a greenhouse. Sowing seedlings in mid-March should be mid-season tomatoes. Plant and grow some early tomato bushes in the greenhouse for an early harvest.

Whether or not to plant tomatoes for seedlings in March is up to you. But if you sowed them at the beginning of the month, take care of additional lighting. What lamps to use for this and how to properly illuminate plants, read Here .

Experienced gardeners recommend planting several tomato bushes of different varieties in early spring. As a result, you will be harvesting continuously, because first the early varieties will ripen, then the mid-early ones, and by the end of summer - the late varieties.

When and what tomatoes to plant in March for seedlings is up to you. The main thing is to calculate whether they will have time to give a harvest in your region. Keep in mind that late-ripening tomatoes ripen about 115-120 days, the average ripening period is about 110 days, and the early ones from 80 to 105 days. Before sowing, do not forget to familiarize yourself with the favorable days for the Lunar sowing season for sowing tomatoes in March 2021. I wish you rich harvests!


Agriculture from A to Z

Agriculture - is an integral part of the economy, which is aimed at obtaining food and raw materials.

Welcome to the site "FarmerOK", dear visitors!

For many centuries, agriculture for our ancestors was the main source of food. And now it is very nice to have organic vegetables from your garden, drink fresh milk from a cow and eat meat from animals raised on natural feed. In addition, agricultural products can become the basis for a successful private business.

Many modern people become prosperous farmers, thanks to whose labors quality meat, eggs, milk, and various types of vegetables come to the market. But in order to successfully grow varietal carrots and cabbage in your own beds or to breed chickens and geese, you need to know in all details how this is done. And you can just find all this knowledge on our website!

So, if you have your own summer cottage or at least a few hundred square meters of a vegetable garden, then you have come to the right place. If you are engaged in farming, you can also find here a lot of useful and interesting information related to various branches of agriculture. Our site is a real encyclopedia of gardening, animal husbandry, vegetable growing, poultry farming and beekeeping.

"FarmerOK" - a collection of advice on agriculture

The main sections of our website are devoted to the following branches of agriculture in detail:

We are ready for communication and cooperation. The administration of the site "Agriculture from A to Z" closely follows the innovations and changes taking place in the field of agriculture, and immediately displays them with all the details in our new articles.


Preparation of seedlings

Rowan seedlings are bought in specialized stores. They are must be strong and elastic, with a moist root system consisting of 3-4 branches... The bark should be smooth and wrinkle-free. If shriveled areas are visible, then the plant has been overdried.

Advice! During transportation, the roots of the seedlings are wrapped with a damp cloth.

Before planting, the roots are placed in a clay mash... It removes germs and bacteria and serves as an effective antiseptic. They make it from water, clay, mullein, water and ash. The roots are dipped in the mixture and placed in sawdust, which acts as a mulch and retains moisture. After the root system is wrapped in a tight plastic bag or burlap.

Soil preparation

How to feed the garden soil before planting? For mountain ash, sandy loam or loamy soil with a neutral reaction is prepared... An expanded clay drainage layer is welcomed: it retains moisture and protects mountain ash from pests. Before planting, the soil is fertilized: a bucket of compost, 150 g of superphosphate and 300 g of wood ash are added. If there are large clods in the ground, they are broken with a shovel or rake. The planting site should be clean, free of weeds and last year's foliage.


Conclusion

For planting rowan in spring, choose a sunny and dry day. The step-by-step guide looks like this: prepare the seedlings and soil, place the plants in the hole, spread the roots and sprinkle with earth. Previously, the soil is fertilized with mineral mixtures, otherwise the seedlings will poorly take root and subsequently give a poor harvest. Suitable neighbors for the culture are conifers or shrubs, unsuitable ones are apple and pear trees. To accelerate flowering and strengthen immunity, the plant is mulched and watered with warm water. Rowan is fertilized only in the third year after planting.


Watch the video: How To Harvest Potato? - Potato Cultivation and Farming Technique Step By Step Harvesting Potato


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