The snake mountaineer is a perennial medicinal plant, a valuable honey plant. Refers to medicinal products approved for use in official medicine. The components contained in it are used for the synthesis of medicinal substances. For several centuries, traditional healers have not been without this plant. Decoctions, teas, infusions are valued for their effectiveness in the treatment of various diseases.
The snake mountaineer belongs to the Highlander genus, which, in turn, has about 300 varieties of plants belonging to the buckwheat family.
This plant is called differently: large serpentine, cancerous neck. Twice twisted is a translation of the generic name.
The stems of the serpentine mountaineer are not prone to branching and reach a height of about one meter. The leaves are elongated and wedge-shaped at the base. Long petioles and most of the leaves are located close to the root. The length of the leaf reaches almost 30 centimeters, and the width is about 4-7 cm. The leaves growing on the stem are small, even, without a petiole. Below, the leaf plates are gray-gray, and the upper part is dark green.
With the onset of spring, the plant throws out a cylindrical ear. Its height is about 7 cm, and its thickness is about one and a half centimeters. The ears are dotted with small pink flowers.
The most valuable part of the plant is the root, with a pinkish color inside. The main part of the root is serpentine, wide with a woody structure. The rhizome branches into many small, thin roots. Knotty, curved shape in the form of a cancerous neck.
The fruits of the mountaineer snake have the appearance of a brown nut with three sides. Fruit ripening ends by mid-summer.
The plant can be propagated both vegetatively and by seeds. The vegetative method in this case involves reproduction by root lobules.
The serpentine mountaineer grows everywhere, from southern to northern latitudes, not excluding Siberia. Areas with a high groundwater table are especially favorable for plants. These are damp meadows, river floodplains and places near swamps, where the soil is presented in the form of peat.
Highlander thickets noticeably decrease over time. The reason for this is the draining and cultivation of swamps.
Highlander meat red included in the State Pharmacopoeia, that is, it is recognized as an official medicinal plant and can be used in official medicine. The main differences are: bright red flowers, a shortened rhizome, stems with five nodes (the snake mountaineer has six nodes).
The most famous types of snake highlander:
"Related". Used as a decorative piece. Refers to an evergreen plant. Differs in unpretentiousness. It blooms twice a year.
"Amphibious". The roots of this plant are twenty centimeters long. Graceful foliage and purple flowers make it attractive, quite suitable for decorating flower beds. Able to take root on any soil.
"Twisted". It got its name from the stems intertwined. Crimson inflorescences, cylindrical shape. This variety of snake mountaineer is used in pharmacology.
"Bellflower". Received recognition for its decorative appearance. The height of the bush is about a meter, it grows on any soil and is unpretentious. The flowers are bright and bell-shaped in shape. Gardeners willingly use the variety to decorate the garden and attract bees.
In modern medicine, there is a tendency towards an increase in the share of herbal preparations. Doctors actively use them as an addition to synthesized drugs and successfully cope with many human diseases. These are effective preventive measures.
Important! Any preparations based on herbal raw materials, including snake mountaineer, should be taken after prior consultation with a doctor.
The snake mountaineer attracted ancient healers with its beneficial properties. In Europe, doctors began using the roots and leaves of the plant in the fifteenth century. Mainly interested in their astringent properties.
Highlander serpentine is used:
Means based on snake mountaineer do not have toxic properties. It all depends on the dosage and the state of health of the person., who was prescribed snake knotweed in the form of tea, decoction or medicine. The substances that make up the mountaineer snake can significantly increase blood clotting. Pregnant women or patients with a diagnosis of thrombophlebitis should refuse these funds. Long-term use can also cause constipation.
The diverse chemical composition has led to the widespread use of the root of the snake mountaineer in folk medicine. Decoctions, teas, infusions are prepared from it. The roots contain 36% of substances with tanning properties, vitamin C, bioflavonoids.
Long-term observations of patients taking medications with extract of Knotweed's roots show that it is an effective antineoplastic agent. Not only the roots, but also the ground part of the plant is used to create medicines that increase human defenses.
Treatment of fungal infections, abrasions, non-healing wounds.
Mix the pre-chopped roots of ginger and knotweed in a 1: 1 ratio. Use the mixture as a compress.
Useful for women during menopause, in dentistry, for the treatment of angina and other foci of inflammation in the body, with diarrhea.
10-20 g of raw materials are poured with boiling water - 200 ml. Use a thermos.
Diseases of the gallbladder and bladder.
Inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity.
Prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cholelithiasis and urolithiasis, tonsillitis, hemorrhoids.
The rhizome is preliminarily crushed into fractions not exceeding 3 mm.
Available from a pharmacy. Transparent liquid, bitter taste, red-brown color.
Reception: 20-30 drops before meals 2-3 times during the day.
For the preparation of medicines, not only the root of the mountaineer snake is used, but also the leaves. The right time for harvesting is early spring, when foliage has not yet appeared on the plant. You can postpone the harvesting of the rhizome for the fall: September - October.
The roots, peeled from the ground and well washed with cold water, are dried in the shade, in the open air. The drying process can be transferred indoors, provided that it is well ventilated. A quality product is obtained by drying in special heated dryers. This is because the sooner the roots dry, the less chance of mold growth. In addition, with prolonged drying, the raw material begins to acquire a dark brown hue, microelements are destroyed. The best container for storing raw materials is fabric bags. The optimum temperature for the drying process of the roots of Knotweed is 40 ° C. In appearance, the dried roots look like crayfish necks. It is recommended to store them in a cool and dry place.
When collecting the roots of the snake mountaineer, you must follow the rules:
The harvested roots are suitable for use for two years.
The rhizome is odorless. The taste is astringent, with bitterness. If there are traces of fungus or an unpleasant odor appears, then such a root cannot be harvested. This will not be beneficial, on the contrary, poisoning with such blanks is not excluded.
Snake Highlander can be grown in a suburban area. There are two ways:
When caring for the plant, make sure that the soil is sufficiently moist. Remove weeds regularly. Highlander in favorable conditions is able to quickly grow and fill a good part of the site. Dig up the roots of mature plants in a timely manner and make a harvest.
It is difficult to find negative reviews about such a useful plant as snake mountaineer. Negative consequences when using drugs based on it can be the result of violation of the rules of procurement, formulation, drying, neglect of contraindications.
Video: application, benefits and contraindications of the snake mountaineer:
There are positive reviews about the use of the plant in cooking.
Vitamin salad recipe:
The snake mountaineer unites many species of plants with similar properties. It is widely used not only in medicine. This is a wonderful and unpretentious representative of the flora for landscape design. Gardeners take great interest in this plant and grow different types of snake mountaineer on their plots.
In addition to medical purposes, the rhizome is used for dyeing fabrics, tanning leather, and making ink. The plant has a high value as animal feed and in this respect is not inferior to oats.
Fighting aphids in a garden with folk remedies can be effective, you just need to know more about the parasitic insect itself, its natural natural enemies, which scares off the pest of aphids and prevents them from multiplying. How to get rid of aphids? - will tell sadzavodi.ru.
Aphids are a frequent pest of virtually all horticultural crops, small insects of the order of isoptera
tend to deliver gardeners and gardeners a huge number of problems. With a large accumulation of aphids, it can completely kill a garden or houseplant. In order to get rid of colonies of these pests with high fertility, different methods can be used. Including home methods of combating aphids with folk remedies.
• Aphids - what is this pest.
• Types of aphids.
• What is the harm of aphids to the plant.
• How to treat the plant from aphids.
• Prevention of aphids.
Eastern swerbiga (Bunias orientalis) from the cabbage family, cruciferous - a perennial or biennial herb with an erect stem, 100-150 cm high, branched in the upper part, covered with hairs and blackish warts.
The leaves are alternate, the lower ones are lyre-shaped, with lobes slightly turned backward, the upper ones are whole or toothed, at the base with ears, rough. Flowers at the top of the stem in the form of brushes. The petals of the flowers are yellow, quite reminiscent of the rape (differ in the shape of the leaves). The fruit is a pod, the seeds are snail-like, brownish-yellow. Blooms in May-August.
An excellent honey plant, nectar from the eastern sverbig can be in the composition of May honey, as it blooms at the same time as early summer plants.
Other names for sverbigi - jaundice, chicken doze, wild radish, gingerbread, wild horseradish or field mustard, ferocious... It has a slight bitterness ..
A weed that grows near dwellings, in wastelands, along roads, in fields and meadows.
The sverbig plant contains protein, fats, nitrogen-free extractives, vitamin C, salts of phosphorus, calcium, iron, boron, manganese, copper, titanium, molybdenum, zinc.
The medicinal properties of the mountaineer have been known since ancient times. Traditional healers treated skin diseases with preparations from the mountaineer. The poultices were believed to have a softening effect, cleanse purulent wounds and soothe pain.
Sitting baths of a decoction of the mountaineer pepper were prescribed for sufferers of hemorrhoids. Baths stopped bleeding and eliminated the itching inherent in hemorrhoids.
As a hemostatic and analgesic agent, preparations from Knotweed were taken orally and for hemorrhoidal bleeding, as well as as a sedative for nervous diseases.
Knotweed herb is harvested during flowering. Photo: New York City Wildflowers
Fresh Crushed Knotweed Leaves Replaced in Traditional Medicine mustard plaster they are applied, for example, to the back of the head with a runny nose or headache as a distraction for the same purpose, they are used for toothache in the form of rinsing, diluting the juice from them in a ratio of 1:10.
In the years, the pharmacist Petrovsky, Professor Krakowsky and other researchers drew attention to the strong hemostatic property of this herb. So the plant was recognized by scientific medicine.
Knotweed was introduced into the State Pharmacopoeia of the USSR, and the release of a drug based on it was also allowed - a liquid extract of peppermint.
Anestezol, a preparation based on mountaineer, began to be added to the composition of suppositories for hemorrhoids (suppositories).
Diabetes mellitus is an insidious disease in all respects, destroying all body systems and greatly reducing human immunity. Therefore, when treating diabetes, it is necessary to focus not only on lowering sugar levels, but also on enhancing immunity.
Medicinal galega is good because, in addition to lowering blood sugar, increasing the production of insulin and glycogen in the liver, it helps to improve the functioning of the immune system. Scientific experiments carried out in Lviv show the effectiveness of galega for strengthening the immune system in patients with diabetes mellitus. Therefore, galega was recommended for the creation of new generation drugs that not only lower sugar, but also stimulate the immune system.
1 tbsp Pour 2 cups of boiling water over dry crushed roots. Insist 2 hours. Strain. Drink hot, ½ cup 3-4 times a day.
1 tbsp Pour 1 glass of water over dried leaves. Insist 2-3 hours. Take an hour after eating, 1 tablespoon, 4-5 times a day.
It is taken for rheumatism, gout, kidney and gallstones, diabetes mellitus, eczema, skin rashes, boils, gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, for constipation, edema, delayed menstruation.
1 tbsp crushed roots are poured with 1 glass of boiling water and kept in a water bath for 20 minutes. Take ½ glass 3 times a day.
1 tsp Pour 2 cups of boiling water over chopped roots. Leave to infuse overnight. Strain. Use the infusion for skin lesions.
Burdock oil is an infusion of roots in olive oil. It is used to treat baldness, baldness, and seborrhea.
Once a day, rub the oil into the hair roots for 2 weeks.
Fresh burdock leaves are pounded to drain the juice and applied to wounds, hard tumors and gouty nodes.
Salads with burdock leaves
Young leaves are used in any salad and any dish. Fresh leaves are an excellent source of vitamin C.
From dried burdock roots, ground into flour, bread is baked, while adding wheat or rye flour.
Burdock roots are eaten instead of potatoes. Also the roots are pickled.
Rinse the roots, grind, dry in the sun or in the oven, then grind in a coffee grinder.
2 tsp powder, pour 1 cup boiling water.
Coffee has a tonic, tonic effect, improves metabolism, activates digestion, and lowers blood sugar.
3 tbsp collection, pour 1 liter of boiling water. Take 7 times a day in equal portions.