Petunia ampelous - which varieties to choose to get delightful garlands of bright colors?


In countries with a warm climate, ampelous petunia is a fairly common plant - it descends in multi-colored waterfalls along the walls of hotels, hangs with bright voluminous caps at the entrance doors, and framed windows and balconies with lush flowering.

About petunia

In the Russian climate, it is not easy to achieve the same spectacular flowering of ampelous petunias, but it is still possible if you know the main secrets of its cultivation and choose the right varieties.

Half-ampels with short lashes, look good in balcony boxes, hanging planters and large flowerpots

All hybrids and varieties of ampelous (cascading) petunias can be conditionally divided into three groups:

  • with flexible strong shoots 60 cm to 120 cm long, mainly lateral shoots grow downward, forming a dense "curtain";
  • plants with stems that are directed first upwards, and then spread;
  • semi-ampels with short lashes, look good in balcony boxes, hanging pots and large flowerpots.

Video about petunia ampelnaya

Petunia ampelnaya - varieties and variety series

  • SURFINIA

Surfinia is especially loved by domestic florists due to its abundant flowering and rich shades. Many even believe that "surfiniya" and "ampelous petunia" are synonymous words, although in reality this is just one of the variety series of ampelous petunias. The advantages of surfinia include: fast growth, good branching, the widest variety of flower colors, resistance to bad weather. The only drawback is that surfinia seeds do not reproduce, only vegetatively.

You can judge about the rich palette of shades by the names of surfinia varieties: Lime SURFINIA, White SURFINIA, Sky Blue SURFINIA, Red SURFINIA, Blue SURFINIA, Pastel 2000 SURFINIA, Pink Vein SURFINIA, Baby Pink SURFINIA, Giant purple SURFINIA, Double Purple and Purple SURFINIA. etc.

Petunia SURFINIA

  • TUMBELINA

The trademark, like SURFINIA, belongs to the Japanese company "Suntory". This variety series is attractive for its medium-sized double flowers with dark veins on the petals. It also reproduces vegetatively. The most popular cultivar is TUMBELINA Priscilla with pale lilac flowers decorated with purple veins.

  • SUPERTUNIA

A variety series created by the Japanese breeders of the Sakata company. In appearance, these ampelous petunias are similar to surfinias, minor differences are observed only in technical characteristics. Among the varieties are Lavender Morn (delicate pink-lilac color), White, Royal Magenta (bright crimson flowers), Blushing Princess (pale pink flowers with a greenish throat), Royal Velvet (with purple flowers) and Mystic Pink (color raspberry pink).

  • CONCHITA

Petunia CONCHITA

Due to its medium-sized flowers, the variety series resembles a variety of petunia - calibrachoa. The color of the flowers is from white with a greenish pharynx to pale lilac and dark crimson. In addition to varieties with simple flowers (Blossom White, Evening Glow, Summer Dawn, Blueberry Frost, Strawbeny Frost, Twilight Blue, etc.), there are five varieties with double inflorescences of different colors: Lavender, Blue, White, Pink, Velvet (bright crimson ).

  • WONDERWAVE

In Russia, this variety series of petunias has a name "Fortunia", which was used by the company until 2001 (and in 2002-2003 the variety series was called WAVE). The peculiarity of the WONDERWAVE petunias group is that they can be propagated not only vegetatively, but also by seeds. In general, the plants are externally similar to other varieties of ampel petunias, the diameter of the flowers varies from 5 to 7 cm, the color is presented in seven shades: pink (Pink), dark crimson (Purple), lilac-pink (Lavender), crimson-pink (Rosy ), salmon (Salmon), pale pink (Pearly), purple (Blue).

Petunia WONDERWAVE

The most popular among domestic florists are the following varieties of ampelous petunias of various colors: Wave, Typhoon Wave, Fortunia, Ramblin, Easy Wave, Tornado, Tidal Wave.

How to succeed in growing ampelous petunias

From the variety of wonderful varieties of ampel petunias, your eyes lit up, and you are already looking forward to how you will decorate your balcony with colorful garlands, compose chic compositions in hanging pots or create a stunning alpine slide in the garden? So that the money spent on the purchase of seeds and your efforts are not in vain, read the basic rules, thanks to which, in Russian conditions, flower growers manage to grow the most amazing varieties of ampel petunias.

Petunia video

Success secrets:

  • much depends on the quality of the planting material - choose seeds supplied by well-known foreign manufacturers (German, American, Japanese, Israeli), since in the CIS countries ampel petunias are not yet engaged in breeding;
  • the soil for planting should be loose, nutritious and well retaining moisture, but so that the water does not stagnate, it is better not to experiment with mixing the soil, but buy a suitable soil mixture in the store;
  • sowing ampel petunia seeds is recommended in February, then flowering will come in May, and if you gradually sow new varieties, you will get continuously flowering compositions;
  • seeds sown in a container should be sprinkled with a thin layer of soil and covered with glass, which will periodically need to be turned over to prevent irrigation of crops;
  • young shoots dive from a common container into separate containers when three true leaves appear;

It is recommended to sow the seeds of ampelous petunia in February, then flowering will come in May

  • before germination, ampelous petunias need a temperature of +23 degrees, after the emergence of sprouts - about +18 degrees, and diving plants should be kept at +16 degrees, so that the side shoots grow better;
  • the seeds will germinate better with additional lighting for 14 hours a day, and the time for additional illumination should be gradually brought to 20 hours - adult ampelous petunias need a lot of light for the best formation;
  • at first (until the sprouts hatch), the earth should be moistened every day from a spray bottle, adding a little potassium permanganate to the water;
  • in the future, the seedlings are watered, as soon as the soil dries up;
  • young seedlings are sprayed with mineral fertilizers dissolved in water, and then, with each watering, liquid complex fertilizers are applied.

Follow these recommendations, and your ampelous petunia will delight you with lush, long flowering, whatever variety you choose!

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Petunia and surfiniya: differences, which is better, photo

Petunia has long been a popular horticultural crop. These are elegant and variegated flowers with a pleasant aroma. The difference between petunia and surfinia is that the last plant belongs to the varietal group of the first. Despite such a close relationship, the plants still have some differences in both appearance and care.

Surfinia has a similar cultivation and care technique


Ampel petunias

This is a garden group that combines varieties and hybrids with flexible, long (from 50 to 150 cm), fast growing shoots. Usually they are distinguished by increased resistance to adverse conditions and abundant, prolonged flowering, but strong winds or rain often damage thin lashes. They recover quickly enough, however, the decorativeness of plants suffers at the same time, therefore it is recommended to place ampelous petunias in such a way as to protect them from the vagaries of the weather.


Ampel petunias have long drooping shoots

Shoots of ampelous petunias (Petunia pendula) growing in hanging pots, as a rule, hang down - such plants are suitable for vertical gardening, growing in balcony boxes, etc. But you can also use them for planting in the ground, if you provide them with a sufficient area, which will very quickly be occupied by the growing lashes, forming an elegant flowering "carpet".

You will find a wide range of ampel petunias in our catalog, which contains offers from various garden online stores. Select ampel petunia seeds.


Often, ampelous petunias also include calibrachoa (see below), but it's still not the same thing.


Ampel and cascade petunia

Varieties and hybrids with flexible and long stems, 80–100 cm, flowers 4–9 cm in diameter. Used as an ampelous form for pots or ground cover plants for open ground.

Surfinia F1 (Surfinia), Suntory, Japan. The first appeared ampelous series of heterotic hybrids. The series includes varieties that form lush cascades of cascading shoots, strewn with flowers of various colors, 5.5-9 cm in diameter.
Classic surfiniya varieties are early flowering plants with powerful and long stems, characterized by
high vigor of growth.
• Patio Blue - the color changes over time from purple to blue.
• Hot Red - red petals with dark veins and a throat.
• Peppy Neon - deep purple with dark veins and a neckline.
• Pink Morn - hot pink with a light neckline.
• Red - bright red flowers are quite large, the shape of the bush is compact.
• Deep Red won Bronze in the 2012 American Garden Award and other floriculture awards. Deep red color.
• Sweet Pleasure White Lila Eye Patio F1 - white petals with a dark purple neck.
• Blue Vein - flowers with dark blue, almost inky, veins and fauces. The fragrant aroma intensifies in the evening.

Table Series Surfinia have less branching, are more compact, dense bushes. The flowers of many varieties of Table have an unusual shape: elongated, reminiscent of bells.
• Table White is one of the most spectacular surfinas. Small snow-white flowers look like bells, densely cover the whole bush.
• Table Salmon Vein - small-flowered surfiniya, covered with salmon flowers in season.

To the series of surfinias Double includes ampelous plants with large double flowers. In terms of the abundance of flowering, they are slightly inferior to the classic varieties, but at the same time they look unusually decorative.
• Double White - white. Branches along the entire length of the shoots.
• Double Purple - purple flowers, rain resistant. A powerful, branched plant that develops in a horizontal plane. The branches can reach 1 m, the height is only 10-15 cm.
• Double Red - Red flowers require more care than other varieties in the Double series. If agricultural technology is violated, it can inhibit growth.

Surfinia Specials Series includes compact patio plants. In particular, Surfinia F1 Amethyst is a compact patio plant that does not require formation and grows with a dense green head. Flowers of deep purple color with a white throat. Has a pleasant aroma, which becomes especially strong in the evening and spreads a few meters from the plant.

Tumbelina, Suntory, Japan. This variety series is attractive for its medium-sized double flowers with dark veins on the petals. It also reproduces vegetatively. The most popular variety is Priscilla with pale lilac flowers decorated with purple veins.

Supertunia - a variety series created by Japanese breeders of the Sakata company. In appearance, these ampelous petunias are similar to surfinias, minor differences are observed only in technical characteristics. The flowers are large, 6–10 cm in diameter, with long shoots.
The root system does not grow, so varieties grow well in hanging pots. There are two-tone colors.
• Pretty Much Picasso - light purple petals, dark throat, green border. The variety received a prestigious award at the international exhibition IPM 2010 in Essen - Germany, in the category "The best novelty among balcony plants".

Potunia Series, Dummen, Germany. Plants do not need an extended day length to flower. The bushes are compact, lush, keep their spherical shape well and branch. Lateral shoots are formed without additional pinching. The varieties are resistant to temperature extremes, diseases, and rain. Do not require abundant watering. The size of the flower is from 5 to 10 cm in diameter.
• Purple Halo - purple throat, white petals.
• Papaya - orange-red color.
• Cobalt Blue - introduced to the market in 2013 under the brand name Red Fox Potunia Cobalt Blue. The flowers are white, with a yellow-green center, large, corrugated. Shoots are dense, up to 50 cm long.
• Strawberry Ice - deep pink color with red veins and dark throat. Has a pungent aroma.

Conchita, InnovaPlant GmbH & Co. Due to its small flowers, the variety series resembles a variety of petunia - calibrachoa. The color of the flowers is from white with a greenish pharynx to pale lilac and dark crimson. The flowers are medium-sized, about 5 cm in diameter, there are double varieties. Petals, pharynx and veins can be painted in different colors. In addition to varieties with simple flowers (Blossom White, Evening Glow, Summer Dawn, Blueberry Frost, Strawbeny Frost, Twilight Blue, etc.), varieties with double inflorescences of different colors are produced: Lavender, Blue, White, Pink, Velvet.

Crazytunia, Elsner. Unlike traditional ampel petunias, the plants are short, more compact and raised by 20–40 cm. The flowers are medium-sized, about 5–6 cm in diameter. They do not require pinching, do not outgrow, bloom early, bloom for a long time and abundantly.
• Black Mamba - black velvet color.
• Cherry Cheescake - a large white star on a red background.
• Red Blues - deep red with a dark neckline.

• Twighlight Blue - light lilac with a dark neckline.
• Star Jubilee - a yellow star on a black background.

Chameletunia
More compact than traditional ampel petunias.
• Sunpleasure Purple Yellow Circle - a purple flower with a yellow border.

Cascadias, Danziger, Israel. The varieties branch well, do not require a forming pinch, form a hemisphere.
The flowers are numerous. They withstand adverse weather conditions and bloom profusely throughout the season.
• Cascadias Rim Chianti - Raspberry pink petals with a narrow contrasting white border.
• Cascadias Rim Violet - purple petals with a wide or narrow contrasting white border.

Certain varieties of ampel petunias:
• Viva White with Red Veins - compact, large, white flowers with red veins and a neck.
• Designer Pink Star - lush bushes, flowers about 7 cm in diameter, with a wavy edge. The color is pink with a white star in the center.
• Success Violet, Benary, Germany - early flowering, purple flowers.
• Success Burgundy, Benary, Germany - early flowering, wine-colored flowers.
• Fanfare Lilac Shades - compact shrub with large lavender flowers.
• Grape Star is a compact, hemispherical shrub. The color is purple with white.
• Ordy Painted White - pearl white color.
• African Sunset F1, Takii Seed, Japan. 2014 All-America Selections Winner. Billed as the first true orange petunia grown from seed. Height 30 cm, flower diameter 6-7 cm.
• Bicolor Black (Littletunia) is a miniature form of ampelous petunia. Pale yellow petals, dark ink streaks.

• Night Sky - winner of Fleurostar 2015, Most Stunning Plant of the Year. On a dense violet-blue background, "stars" are formed - white dots.
The color of each flower is unique, depending on the light, temperature, soil pH. It branches well without pinching, suitable for hanging pots, grows up to 60–70 cm in the ground.


Description of ampelous petunia

Ampel petunia is specially designed for growing in suspended structures. The name of this species comes from the German phrase meaning "hanging vase". The external feature of petunia is characterized in a similar way. When grown on suspended structures, the stems hang down, forming a colorful cloud of small bell-type inflorescences.

Over the past decades, a variety of petunias have been developed that have advantages over early hybrids. Their adaptive properties have been improved by breeding methods, botanists are constantly working to extend the flowering period of hybrids and increase their frost resistance.

What does it look like

The main differences between ampelous and cascading petunias relate to the appearance of plants. Experienced growers can tell by the shoots and flowers which flower is in front of them: ampelous or cascade type.

Ampel petunia can decorate any part of the garden, but when placing, you should take into account the features of the appearance:

  1. Shoots. The length of the stems depends on the variety: they can grow from 30 to 120 cm. The difference between the ampelous petunia is that its shoots hang down from the very beginning of development, without decaying on the sides of the pots or pot. This difference is often used for wall decoration. Drooping shoots can form a kind of flower curtain.
  2. Leaves. Covered with light fluff on the inside. In young flowers, they can be small, in adult plants, they become larger.
  3. Flowers. They are formed on the surface of the sinuses of each shoot. They resemble a bell in shape. Their size depends on the variety. The color of the petals is especially bright, often the flowers can be two-colored, while the edges and outer part of the petals remain light, and the middle becomes brighter.

The difference between this variety is that flowers are formed along the entire length of the shoots, and can also have different sizes. The buds that form closer to the root are slightly larger than those that grow outside the pots, on hanging shoots.

Growing features

To grow a hanging petunia, you need to take into account some features. Annual ampel-type petunias are grown in seedlings. Seeds are sown on the surface of the prepared soil. Planting dates depend on the climatic characteristics of the region. Sowing usually occurs at the end of March - beginning of April, so that plantings on open ground areas can be carried out when the air is sufficiently warmed up.

During the period when the plant forms buds and begins to bloom, it needs regular watering and feeding. The root system is located close to the surface, so pots with a wide top are used for growing. There should be no stagnation of moisture on the soil surface, so as not to provoke the onset of the development of the fungal process.

Top dressing for the ampel type is applied according to the scheme: 3 times in 1 month with complexes that contain potassium and phosphorus. For abundant flowering, several basic rules are observed:

  • faded buds are promptly removed together with the stalk, so as not to inhibit the process of new bud formation
  • regularly pinch the shoots, which can make the bush heavier and prevent flowering.

Ampel varieties, unlike cascade varieties, can be immediately planted on open ground. They form a whole carpet, so they are never planted next to other small flower crops.


The most common varieties of ampelous terry petunias

Petunia Sweet Sunshine

It is of medium size. But it blooms profusely on the bush.

The bushes are beautifully shaped into a ball, easily formed, low up to 20-40 cm, up to 40 cm in diameter. Refers to cascading petunias.

Bred by European breeders.

Loves direct sunlight, so it is well suited for planting in pots, tall flower beds, on south-facing balconies.

Sweet Sunshine varieties

  • Sweet Sunshine Burgundy (flower 6-6.5 cm) - fringed, maroon. Amazing with such a rich saturated color. Ampelnaya, branches up to 40 cm.
  • Sweet Sunshine Light Pink - light pink, delicate with light transitions to white veins
  • Sweet Sunshine Magenta is a bright crimson, monochromatic beauty.

  • Sweet Sunshine Magenta Picotte - purple flowers with a white border around the edges of the petals. Blooms very profusely.
  • Sweet Sunshine Pink - bright pink, solid, ampelous petunia.
  • Sweet Sunshine Provence is a gray, terry, monochromatic beauty. Ampel petunia, branches up to 40 cm.
  • Sweet Sunshine Purpur Picotte - purple with a white border around the edges of the petals
  • Sweet Sunshine Pearl - white petunia, (translated as pearl), pearl
  • Sweet Sunshine Red - terry red petunia

Ampelnaya Tumbelina (Tumbelina)

Tumbelina are semi-ampelous, its bushes do not branch much. It is sometimes called a cascading hybrid because the tumbelina has strong branches.

It was bred by Japanese breeders.

Very resistant to bad weather, suitable for growing in high flower beds outdoors and in direct sunlight. In cloudy weather, it stops blooming until the sun comes back again. Or the flowers remain in a bud state.

The diameter of the flowers is 6-7 cm. It has a strong and pleasant aroma.

It is important to water the bushes 2 times a day, morning and evening.

Tumbelina cultivars

Tumbelina Priscilla is very fond of her. One of the most popular petunias for growing. It has pale gray double flowers with dark veins on the petals.

The flowers are medium in size, about 4 - 5 cm, with a pleasant aroma.

Tumbelina Melissa - strikes with its strong aroma. Not as popular as Priscilla. The flowers are white and very large, about 6.5 cm. The bushes branch well. But it is not adapted to rain and bad weather. Immediately sheds its beauty, the flowers fade. They should be removed immediately to maintain a beautiful look. Loves bright direct sun and dry climate.

Tumbelina Susanna is yellow, almost lemon-colored. Good branching. Also not adapted to bad weather and rain. Flowers grow poorly in cloudy weather and wither. They should be removed immediately in order to keep a good appearance.

TumbelinaMaria - I call them blue petunias, which is amazing. The color is pale gray with a blue tint, evenly distributed over the entire petal of the flower. Flowers are medium in size. Possesses strong disease resistance.

Tumbelina Inga is a red beauty, showered very densely on the bush with gorgeous red buds. Loves the sun very much.

Tumbelina Bella is a very beautiful petunia in its coloring. It is bicolor, burgundy with a white border on the petals. It looks like a skirt on a girl who dances a cabaret. The look is mesmerizing.

Tumbelina Francesca - pale pink with crimson veins towards the center. Has a pleasant aroma.

Tumbelima Katharina - has a deep pink color right up to dark raspberry. It does not have veins on the petals typical of tumblenins. Like all tumblens, it smells very nice.

Tumbelina Belinda is a very dark purple color. It blooms very profusely and has a dense bush.

Pirouette F1 (Feasting)

An amazing variety of petunias. Large-flowered. The flowers of this petunia are large, in diameter from 10, and can reach as much as 15 cm. This favorite amazes everyone with large flowers and increased terry with corrugated edges. Belong to grandiflora, hybrid of the F1 generation.

Bushes branch well, 25 - 40 cm long.

Differs in early flowering and ability to maintain the brightness of flowering colors for a long time. Easy to care for, unpretentious to adverse conditions, easily tolerates bad weather.

The color is striking with its smooth color transitions from bright pink, purple to bright red with white rims along the jagged edges of the petals.


Cascade petunia: the best varieties and reviews of gardeners

Today, cascading petunias are no worse than other species of this plant: they are valued as a decorative element for walls and high floor flowerpots, or even as ground cover options. For seed planting, varieties marked "F1" are recommended, the rest is best propagated by cuttings so as not to encounter unpleasant "surprises" at the time of flowering of the bush.

  • Among the varieties, PurpleWave is popular, with which the breeding of ampelous petunias began. It is noteworthy that its color (like PearlyWave) can differ even within the variety, and sometimes pink blotches are noticed on the white petals, or the purple hue varies in saturation. Representatives of this variety are multi-flowered, bushes barely reach 15 cm in height.
  • The ampelous petunias of the Tornado variety are also interesting: in addition to the fact that its shoots stretch 1.5 m, which makes it possible to classify the variety as a giant, the bush itself grows 2 m wide and is always densely covered with large (4-5 cm in diameter) flowers ... All representatives of the variety are very strong, hardy, not afraid of rains and cold weather, although the approach of frost usually becomes a herald of the end of flowering.

But most often there are reviews about the creeping multi-flowered cascading petunia "Gioconda": even the fact that it is an annual does not diminish the degree of its attractiveness, because this particular variety is capable of year-round flowering. But at the same time, there are some nuances in caring for her.

  • Alice: “As it turned out, not all representatives of the La Gioconda variety look the same in pots and in the garden. Most of all I liked Purple and Violet - they grow quickly, quickly give a lush, dense bush, while the shoots are not too flexible and keep their shape well. It is not even entirely clear why it was called cascading - a completely traditional upright bush. But the red and orange ones - yes, with soft stems, while the inflorescences are unevenly located, the bush is almost naked to the middle.
  • Tatyana: “For many years I have been buying and growing the red Mona Lisa - I like it very much. While the bush is entering maturity, it is not very interesting, and it may even seem that the acquisition has not justified itself completely. But it is worth a little wait to see how the rest of the petunias fade, and how delightfully the Mona Lisa continues to delight the eye. A friend's pink blooms - she is the most ampelous, since almost immediately she went to lower her stems. Red is more erect and its flowers are much larger. "
  • Irina: “I still don’t understand why the Mona Lisa was called cascading - it’s some kind of middle-half: it doesn’t seem to be erect, since the stems are still soft and disintegrate from the bush, but at the same time, for a full-fledged ampelous plant, the Mona Lisa is crawling too strange ... The shape of the bush is not at all attractive, and only the size of the flowers, as well as the duration of the flowering period, save the scarlet and salmon.

Read also:

At the same time, you can come across such names as "calibrachoa" and "surfiniya": these are the same ampelous (cascading) petunias, however, calibrachoa is characterized by very small flowers and low bushes, and surfinia is semi-ampelous, the bush resembles a ball in shape.

As for the breakdown of the entire group of petunias into separate subspecies, even on the photos of the cascade petunias and ampelous ones exhibited by gardeners, it is clear that they are no different from each other. Someone argues that the cascade is a tougher, kind of intermediate stage between the ampelous and the upright version, but this statement is extremely controversial.

Read other interesting rubrics


Watch the video: Growing Petunias: Seeding to Planting Out


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