HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS
They are delightful small bulbous plants, not very widespread, which bloom throughout the summer period, producing small bell-shaped flowers variously colored orange, red or yellow depending on the species.
Species: see the paragraph on "Main species"
The genus includes small bulbous plants native to the Andean area of Peru, quite rare, of which only five species are known.
There are several species among which we remember:
URCEOLINA PENDULA (URCEOLINAURCEOLATA)
This small plant is characterized by very long (even 30 cm), lanceolate, bright green, glossy leaves.
It produces pendulous, bell-shaped flowers that develop at the top of long flower steles that each carry up to 10 flowers. The flowers are usually intense yellow with the most extreme parts white or green.
It blooms during the summer period.
This species produces delicious red, orange or golden yellow flowers, very fragrant, bell-shaped, carried by thin petioles that form along the flower stem. The leaves are about 25 cm long and always form before flowering and die when it starts.
They are not difficult plants to grow if you take into account that we are dealing with bulbous plants.
The bulbs are planted in early spring either singly or in groups in a good fertile soil. The bulbs are planted at a distance of about 5 cm from each other just below the surface of the soil.Once planted, unless the production of the suckers is abundant, there is no need to carry out repotting every year The pot is placed in a cool place with temperatures no higher than 18 ° C and in full light but never in direct sun.At the end of flowering the plant enters vegetative rest for the whole autumn and winter therefore, as soon as it has withered, the flower stems are left to die and place the vase in a place with temperatures around 10 ° C until the following spring.
During the winter the optimal temperatures are around 10-13 ° C.
From when the new vegetation begins to appear and for its entire duration, it is watered so that the soil always remains barely moist.
When the plant has faded, irrigation is suspended for the whole autumn and winter and resumed the following spring.
TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT
They are not plants that require particular soils. You can use good fertile soil mixed with coarse sand. Since they do not tolerate water stagnation, take care to place pieces of earthenware in the bottom of the pot in order to ensure good drainage of the irrigation water.
From the moment the flower stems appear, start fertilizing every two weeks by halving the doses compared to what is reported in the package.
It is preferable to use a liquid fertilizer equally balanced in nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) also contain microelements, i.e. those compounds which the plant needs in minimal quantities (but still needs them) such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced growth of plant.
Flowering usually occurs during the summer.
They are plants that cannot be pruned. The parts of the plant that gradually dry up are simply removed to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.
The multiplication normally takes place through the suckers that are formed at the base of the plant or by seeds.
MULTIPLICATION FOR POLLONS
At the time of repotting, the suckers that have formed at the base of the plant during the vegetative season are taken and transplanted as indicated in paragraph Cultivation technique. They will bloom already the following year.
PARASITES AND DISEASES
They are not particularly disease-prone plants.Spots on the underside of the leaves
Mealybug can infect the plant. To locate it, just take a magnifying glass and compare it with the photo on the side: they are unmistakable. Also if you try to remove them with a fingernail, they come off easily.
Remedies: they can be removed either mechanically with a cotton swab soaked in alcohol or by washing it with water and neutral soap and rubbing very gently with a sponge to remove parasites. At the end remember to rinse the plant well to remove the soap. If the infestation is particularly severe, you can use specific pesticides.
Presence of small whitish insects on the plant
Small whitish insects a little all over the plant can be aphids. Or as they are more commonly called lice.
Remedies: the plant must be treated with specific pesticides.Note