Polyanthus rose


Polyanthus roses are quite popular among gardeners. To make them happy with their flowering, it is necessary to study only a few features of growing these beautiful flowers.

What is a polyanthus rose?

This word comes from the Latin "poly", which can be translated as "many", and the word "ant", which means "flower". Knowing this, you can guess that these are abundant varieties of roses.

These plants look very attractive as they are compact, short, and have a lot of leaves. Inflorescences of small buds abundantly cover the bush, decorating it with bright colors. The flowering period lasts all summer and continues even in autumn.

The flowers are red or pink. Sometimes white specimens are also found. But these roses attract not by the variety of colors, but by their inflorescences, in which there may be several dozen flowers. The height of the bushes ranges from 40 to 60 cm. Bushes of any variety are distinguished by a large number of branches, which are strewn with leaves and flowers.

Benefits of a polyanthus rose

  • Small size, intense flowering throughout the season;
  • Resistant to many diseases;
  • In the cut, it stays fresh for about 15 days;
  • In the middle lane it tolerates winter normally:
  • Can be propagated by cuttings.

Disadvantages of a polyanthus rose

  • They have a slightly perceptible aroma;
  • Inflorescences that have faded must be cut off;
  • In extreme heat they fade in the sun;
  • Uneven colors and small flowers.

Growing a polyanthus rose from seeds

Such roses can be grown on their own from seeds. It will be cheaper and will not be difficult if certain rules are followed. In addition, many seedlings can be obtained in this way.

The seeds of these plants are considered to be tugovidny. Preparation should be started in early December in order to get seedlings in late winter or spring. It is preliminarily recommended to rinse them for about 10 minutes with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then hold them under running water. This will ensure decontamination. Further, the seeds should be in a damp cloth for 10-12 days.

Get a large container or tray of cells and seedling soil. Seeds must be planted one at a time in each cell to a depth of 5 mm. Moisten the ground, cover with plastic. It is important to keep the soil moisture and temperature around 18 degrees until the crops appear (about 2 months). Then the film is removed.

Every 2 weeks it is necessary to add fertilizing from nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. The sprouts also need to maintain temperature, humidity and light levels.

By the summer they will be still too weak, so they are grown on the balcony or in a sheltered place on the site, and by autumn they are returned to the windowsill.

Planting a polyanthus rose in open ground

They can only be planted next spring. If buds have already appeared, they are removed. The most important thing is for the plant to develop its roots and shoots in the first genus. First, the seedlings are hardened for about 12 days outside, and then they are planted together with an earthen clod.

The planting hole should be wide and deep enough. Planting is done by transshipment, and if the roots are open, they need to be straightened. The root collar should be slightly below ground level. The bushes are planted at a distance of about 0.5-0.6 m. Until the seedlings are accepted, they must be well watered.

Before the onset of cold weather, the plants are cut, hilled, and also covered with leaves and lutrasil. When the snow melts, the covering material is removed, and the earth is shoveled off in the settled warm weather.

Polyanthus rose care

When planting and growing polyanthus roses, the following rules must be observed.

Location

The seedlings are planted in an area that is protected from the wind, but well lit. Humus can be added to each well.

Mulching

Needles, sawdust or straw can serve as mulch. This will improve the properties of the soil and facilitate plant maintenance.

Watering

In dry weather, polyanthus roses are recommended to be watered every few days at the root. When it's cold and damp outside, it's better not to water the roses.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Foliar fertilizing with fertilizers for roses is carried out at least once a month. And fermented manure or humus is introduced into the soil.

Pruning

Since this plant is small, pruning will only be necessary during the flowering period. Those inflorescences that have already faded are cut off. In the fall, the shoots are cut in half. This will allow you to better cover them for the winter.

After the shelter is removed with the onset of spring, it is necessary to cut off all branches that are frozen or have any signs of disease. If there are spots or darkened areas, they are removed to a healthy cut.

Wintering

It is imperative to cover these plants for the winter. If you live in the middle lane, it is allowed to cut by 50%, after which the root collar is covered with earth to a height of about 30 cm.In the northern regions, it is necessary to additionally cover the plants with straw or foliage and cover with some non-woven material. In the spring, the shelter is removed, and when the night frosts stop, the plant is freed from the earth, which is sprinkled with the root collar.

Types and varieties of polyanthus rose

Hocus Pocus (Polyantha Rose Hocus Pocus)

This variety is distinguished by its two-tone flowers. Their main background is burgundy, there are small spots and stripes of yellowish color on it. The bud of this polyanthus rose has a classic shape. The diameter of the flower is about 7 cm. Each inflorescence has 3-5 buds. The bushes are small in size, they have many flowers and there are practically no thorns. Since the variety is fairly resistant to frost, it can be grown in central Russia. The average height of a bush of the Focus Pocus variety is up to 60 cm. Cut flowers retain their attractive appearance for about 2 weeks.

De Capo (Polyantha rose Da Capo)

These are medium-sized plants. Their height is usually about 60 cm. The bud of the De Capo classic polyanthus rose. One inflorescence usually has 12-15 buds. The color is pale pink, and the aroma is very weak. This variety has good resistance to common diseases and moderate frost resistance.

Fairy (Polyantha Rose Fairy)

Belongs to tall, as the height of the bushes, as a rule, is up to 70 cm.It usually blooms a little later than other varieties of polyanthus roses. In one inflorescence of this variety, there are about 35-40 buds. The flowers have a pink tint and a double texture. Flowering lasts until the onset of cold weather, abundant enough throughout the season. The leaves of these plants have a rich green color. The spreading bush is 1 m or slightly more wide. This variety is not picky about the composition of the soil, it can grow even in a fairly shaded place. If the weather is damp for a long time, it is necessary to take measures to protect the bushes from powdery mildew. It can also suffer from black spot. Flowers persist for a long time in cut, have a rather pleasant aroma.

Masquerade (Polyantha Rose Masquerade)

It is a tall, disease resistant variety. Bushes grow up to 70 cm, their leaves are dark green. Flowers have a pleasant aroma, large, loose. There are about 5 of them in one inflorescence. They bloom long and profusely. The flowers are yellow at first, and then turn pale crimson.

Royal Minueto (Polyantha Rose Royal Minueto)

Flowers are white with red edges, have a classic shape, large, about 5 per inflorescence. The bush is small, about 60 cm.

Old Gold (Polyantha Rose Old Gold)

Refers to ground cover. The height of the bush is about 45 cm. The middle of the flower is apricot, the rest is pale yellow. The inflorescence has 10 large flowers. Loves the sun and cultivated soil, is not afraid of diseases.

Papageno (Polyantha Rose Papageno)

The flowers are large and dense. The petals are red with pink and white streaks. The buds have a classic shape. It tolerates frost medium, is not afraid of diseases.

Shocking Blue (Polyantha Rose Shocking Blue)

Has double large flowers. In the inflorescence, there are 12-15 lilac-purple buds. The branches are dense, the leaves are dark. Unlike many other species, it has a bright aroma. Plants are disease resistant.

Twister (Polyantha Rose Twister)

The bushes reach a height of 1 m or more. The flowers are dense, more than 10 cm in diameter, in the inflorescence there are about 5. Since the plant is spreading, it must be cut off before winter. The flowers are white and crimson.

China Doll (Polyantha Rose China Doll)

The flowers have a lovely pearl pink hue. In one inflorescence, usually up to 50 pieces. There are many small dark leaves on the bush.

Standard rose Aunt Margy's Rose

Polyanthus roses are sometimes grown as standard roses. This variety looks like a small tree. The flowers are large, have a pale pink tint. Paniculate inflorescences, look very refined.

Red Diadem (Polyantha Rose Red Diadem)

Ground cover variety. Bushes can have different heights - from 40 to 85 cm. It is not afraid of diseases. The flowers are large, double, in each inflorescence there are about 5. They have a dull reddish-orange tint. The leaves are small in size, have a pale green color. Bushes of the Red Diadem variety bloom throughout the season, they grow quite quickly. It lends itself well to propagation by cuttings. It is necessary to ensure that aphids do not spread on the plant. The soil should be fertile and the area should be well lit. You need to water and feed the bushes of this variety regularly.

Diadem Rose (Polyantha Rose Diadem Rose)

This is a variety of Diadem variety, but the flowers are goblet in shape and are pink in color. There can be up to 15 of them in the inflorescence. Bushes are undersized, have a compact shape.

Diadem white (Polyantha Rose Diadem White)

Variety with white flowers, which is distinguished by abundant flowering. The bushes need to be fed frequently and the inflorescences should be cut off, as they bloom intensively during the season.

Polyanthus Rose Pruning Care


Modern ground cover roses

Rose is the undisputed favorite, the queen of flowers. How often do we crave to have her in our garden, but we are stopped by doubts: can we cope with caring for and taking care of her. Indeed, as a true queen, a rose requires a worthy retinue and perfect care. When you open any specialized book on roses, an avalanche of information falls on you from its pages, according to which we should give our roses maximum care and attention, and only then they will answer us with grateful flowering. However, today there are many varieties of roses that do not require such close attention, decorative and stable in the conditions of central Russia and the Moscow region.

Ground cover roses of German selection from the nurseries W. Kordes Sohne, Rosen Tantau and the Danish firm Poulsen have proven themselves perfectly. Initially, ground cover roses were created for landscaping cities and parks, but in recent years these roses are increasingly used in private gardens. This is due to the following factors. Firstly, the roses of this group have good winter hardiness: a light shelter is enough for them, and some varieties can also winter under a snow cover. Secondly, in recent years, new varieties have appeared, characterized by long flowering, up to frost. Thirdly, the difference in the existing forms of ground cover roses provides ample opportunities for their use in garden design. Roses of this group are distinguished not only by decorativeness of flowers and fruits, but also by a beautiful habit of branched bushes, the width of which often significantly exceeds the height. Many varieties form dense carpets of glossy foliage covered with numerous flowers.

Conventionally, the group of ground cover roses can be divided into 5 subgroups, characterized by different types of shoot growth and bush height:

1. Low bushes with creeping shoots ('Snow Carpet', 'Knips')

2. Upright, wide bushes ('Fru Dagmar Hastrup', 'Schneezwerg')

3. Low, wide, highly branching plants ('Snow Balate', 'Mainaufea')

4. Roses with arched flowing shoots ('Mozart', 'Bingo Meidiland')

5. Bushes with long creeping shoots ('Max Graf', 'Heidekenigen').

Snow CarpetKnips

However, this division is very arbitrary and often in the catalogs of various companies you can find roses belonging to different subgroups. So for example a rose 'Bonika 82' belong to both ground cover, and mini-scrubs, and to the Floribunda class a 'Sommerwind' - include groundcover and Floribunda roses.

Ground cover roses can be classified as universal and low-maintenance roses, suitable for growing in rose gardens, in mixborders and even for container planting.

However, care should be taken when preparing the landing site. Weed roots should be carefully removed from the soil (preliminary soil treatment with "Roundup" is possible), since numerous branched shoots will not suppress weeds, but will significantly complicate weeding. After planting, it is advisable to mulch the ground under ground cover roses. As a mulching material, you can use black non-woven material, tree bark, dried cut grass, rotted peat or compost.

SchneezwergFru Dagmar Hastrup

Cost-effective and annual pruning of roses. It is carried out according to the following scheme. After planting, the ends of the shoots should be trimmed in the first year to stimulate growth and branching. Further, annually in the spring, sanitary pruning is carried out, in which frozen, broken and weak shoots are removed, while ground cover roses do not need regular pruning. Every 5-6 years for rejuvenation, the bushes are cut short.

Ground cover roses bloom very profusely. Non-double varieties look great 'Mozart' ('Mozart') - with pink flowers and a white eye, 'Sweet Hayes' ('Sweet Haze') with delicate white-pink flowers, white-flowered variety 'Diamond' ('Diamant') or red 'Royal Bassino' ('Royal Bassino') are decorated with bright large yellow stamens.

MozartSweet Hayes

These roses vary widely in flower size, from small (about 3 cm in diameter) like 'Knips' ('Knirps'), to large enough (8-10 cm), like 'Suprim Cover' ('Supreme Cover')... They can be thick double, like 'Le Quatre Seasons' ('Les Quatre Saisons') and semi-double with corrugated petals, like 'Sommerwind'.

In natural-style gardens (and not only in them), creeping varieties are good. rose wrinkled - old 'Fru Dagmar Hastrup' ('Fru Dagmar Hastrup'), 'Schneezwerg' ('Shneezwerg') and new 'White Pavement' ('White Pavement'), 'Polar Ice' ('Polar Ice') - white, 'Dwarf Pavement' ('Dwarf Pavement'), 'Foxy Pavement' ('Foxi Pavement') - pink.

Scarlet MeyandecorDiamond

Abundant flowering trees are adorable if ground cover roses are grafted onto a stem. Varieties with long, whip-like shoots are especially expressive, for example, 'Scarlet Meyandecor' ('Scarlet Meilandecor') on a high (1.2-1.5 m) trunk, forming weeping trees.

Each gardener will be able to choose a variety of ground cover roses according to his taste.


Green lace for a flower garden with roses

The cuff is soft - a completely unpretentious plant, forms compact lush bushes with funnel-shaped rounded leaves with a wavy edge. During flowering, which lasts almost all of the petos, the plant is decorated with greenish-yellow small flowers.

For framing the front edge of the flower garden or planting along the paths, the cuff is soft - one of the best plants, since it is not demanding on light, it grows both in the sun and in partial shade, it propagates well by dividing bushes and cuttings. In spring and summer, you should drink regularly during the period of active growth and flowering.

The plant looks very attractive after watering or rain, when numerous droplets collect on the pubescent leaves and shimmer like a scattering of jewelry.

In nature, by the way, you can often find an ordinary cuff growing along the edges and along the roads, it is less attractive, has medium-sized leaves and flowers.

The most popular soft cuff grades:Robusta"- a bush 50 cm tall, with green foliage and spectacular flower stalks-umbrellas,"Senior"- 30 cm tall, the leaves are gray-green, small flowers, numerous,"Thriller"- 45 cm tall, lush blooming.


A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Every year I am delighted with their super-abundant flowering spray roses. Such roses are also called bouquet roses (from English the word spray is translated as “spray”, “jet”, “sprinkling”).

A distinctive feature of such roses is that each branch is simply strewn with numerous, but small flowers, collected in a brush. Thanks to this, each stem of the plant looks like a miniature bunch, so these roses are very often used for cutting. And such a "bouquet" bloom, in my opinion, looks stunningly beautiful!

Spray roses growing in my flower garden are relatively low - about 50-70 cm. But this does not bother me at all, but on the contrary, because roses always look compact and neat! I advise you to plant spray roses in the foreground of the flower garden, as well as use them to decorate the borders, then any passer-by can always admire their beauty and get a portion of a good mood.

My roses bloom almost continuously, their bright, lush bloom continues until frost. I want to note that spray roses are resistant to low temperatures and are quite unpretentious - I did not notice any special problems when growing them.

In my opinion, the only drawback of such roses is not always the simultaneous blooming of flowers (sometimes this can really ruin the whole picture, since one rose in the brush is just blooming, and the other is already fading). But the following secret will help to find a way out of this situation: during the budding period, pinch the central bud - this technique will help the rest of the roses to bloom at the same time!

From the varieties that grow with me, I can advise Lovely Lydia, Fire Flash, Luviana, Kylie.

Rose spray Lovely Lydia (without thorns) bewitches with the beauty of its deep pink flowers 4-5 cm in diameter. The rose reaches a height of about 60 cm.

In one inflorescence, I counted about 10 flowers. The rosette blooms profusely, for a long time, until the very frost. The variety is frost-resistant (the rose can withstand frosts down to minus 20 degrees). She showed good results with us. I noticed this feature in this rose: its petals do not crumble as quickly and strongly as in other roses. In the open sun, the flowers can fade, and in partial shade they retain their rich color. The rose is not very fragrant, but this small flaw is fully compensated for by the beautiful overall appearance of the rose.

Among my favorites is also the rose-spray Fire Flash - translated from English as "a flash of fire". The name of the variety speaks for itself.

The plant has very spectacular, bright and variegated flowers (4-6 cm in diameter) of an interesting two-color red-yellow color. Moreover, the pigment on the flower can be distributed in different ways (the flowers of the plant can be with yellow strokes on a red background, or one part of the flower can be yellow and the other red). There are 12-14 buds in an inflorescence, imagine, this is a whole bunch! By the way, the variety is resistant to diseases and pests, is not afraid of rain (the rose has dense bouquets that do not lose their attractiveness after bad weather). The rose gives a very bright, abundant and long-lasting flowering!

Luviana Spray Rose is very unusual. In this rose, I am attracted by the dense double flowers of an unusual lemon-lime color (green dilutes the red-orange range in the rose garden). The number of flowers on one stem is about 10 pcs. (the flowers themselves are medium-sized, 5-6 cm in diameter). The plant reaches 60 cm in height. The rose is tiny, graceful, and has very neat bouquets.

Kylie's variety is a spray rose of a deep pink (with a slight "lilac") color. The size of a densely double flower is about 3-5 cm, the height of the rose reaches about 70 cm. The variety does not have thorns, it goes well for cutting (it stands for a very long time in a vase). The rose has a high resistance to diseases, and this is good news. During the flowering period, it causes us a lot of positive emotions.


Rose breeding and its features

Rose breeding and its features

Rose breeding and its features

For successful breeding of roses, it is important to choose the right parental forms of the plant. Often roses with the desired characteristics do not produce seeds or are unable to convey the trait of interest. Interestingly, the recessive genes of some roses can form properties that they themselves do not possess. Most often it concerns the aroma.

The breeder must be able to sort through the thousands of seedlings produced after each rose crossing and quickly select those that deserve further evaluation.
When the first flowering occurs, the breeder has to, judging by a single flower above a pair of leaves on a tiny plant, decide on further work. It is very difficult to identify among the seedlings blooming for the first time, exactly the rose that is needed. But the selection of roses for this was invented, that if this can be done, you will get a wonderful rose: of excellent color, with abundant and stable flowering, which means you can see new varieties of roses.

Armada is just such a rose, bred by crossing the New Dawn climbing rose and the Silver Jubilee hybrid tea rose. This is the best result that such a selection of roses could give, and then it remains only to tune the entire hybridization mechanism to it.

BABY FAURAX

Flower size: about 3cm

Re-bloom: good

Introduced: Lille, France, 1924

Placement: curb foreground, pots

This polyanthus rose with small charming amethyst flowers rarely grows up to 60 cm. It will look good in the foreground of the border and can be successfully grown as a pot culture. If withered flowers are removed in a timely manner, the rose blooms almost continuously.

Re-flowering: long lasting

Introduced: Scrivens, England, 1992

Placement and form of cultivation: mixborder with perennials and annuals, areas near the beds with berries and vegetables, pots

A compact bush up to 50 cm high, densely covered with non-double golden five-petal "stars", will perfectly fit into a flower bed with perennials. Next to annuals, unpretentious Baby Love flowers accentuate the effect of brighter neighbors. The rose is planted where yellow is desired over time. To accelerate the formation of new flowers, you need to cut off the faded ones in a timely manner.

This modern rose comes from Rosa davidii and is completely free from black spotting. Since Baby Love does not need to be sprayed with chemicals, it is recommended to grow it as an original touch in a berry or next to a vegetable garden.

BARONNE PREVOST

Class: remontant hybrid

Re-bloom: reliable

Introduced: Despres. France. 1842 year

This reliable repair hybrid of vintage garden roses will suit any garden. The bush is adorned with deep pink, strongly double flowers, the re-flowering of which begins as quickly as any modern rose. The enchanting aroma intensifies in the evening.

In the process of intensive hybridization, remontant hybrids gradually became less winter-hardy. Baronne Prevost is an old hybrid and winters well. Unfortunately, the rose can get black spot like most modern hybrid tea species. It is recommended to choose a place for her away from diseased roses to eliminate the risk of infection. A very nice mutation with petals of flowers of a lighter tone, called Oderic Vital.

BASYE'S PURPLE ROSE

Re-flowering: stable

Introduced by: Basie, USA, 1968

The amazing purple rose attracts attention with its non-double flowers. In the spring it blooms violently, then fewer flowers appear, but this happens regularly. Florists appreciate not only the purple color of the petals, but also the purplish shade of the foliage of this rose, which, with a mixed planting, creates a spectacular contrast on the site. Even the spiked stems of Basye’s Purple Rose are plum-colored, and when cut, the sap will flow purple-red.

Reaching one and a half meters, the rose looks lanky, although it often forms root suckers. So that the plant does not seem so "ankle", it is recommended to plant a number of lower roses or other complementary flowers of a suitable color, such as forget-me-nots.

Class: musk rose hybrid

Re-flowering: stable

Introduced: Bentall, England, 1936

Placement: mixborder as an acceptance among flowers

Belinda is the most winter-hardy of all Pemberton-Bentalla musk rose hybrids and a more hardy version of its sister rose Ballerina. The tall bush is steadily covered with huge bouquets of unpretentious bright pink flowers with a white center. The bright yellow stamens quickly turn into an unsympathetic dark brown color. This spoils the impression a little at close range, but from a distance the bush looks simply amazing in its luxurious pink outfit and, without stopping, blooms all summer. The plant reaches a height of up to one and a half meters and grows thoroughly in width. He does not need special care: the rose feels equally good in the sun and in partial shade. It will look great in a mixborder with other colors, and planted next to outbuildings, it will disguise them.

BELINDA'S DREAM

Re-flowering: stable

Introduced by: Basie, USA, 1992

This extremely hardy scrub rose grows in a narrow, upright bush, tending upward, but does not obscure its neighbors. She feels fine in the heat and even tolerates drought better than most roses.

Rose buds turn into double flowers with a faint aroma, rather old-fashioned in appearance. In cold, damp weather, the buds may not fully open.

BELLA DONNA

Repeated flowering: once long

Introduced: France, 1844

Placement: mixborder, hedge

Bella Donna Damask rose invariably blooms every spring after harsh or mild winters, regardless of whether the weather is cold or hot, it is raining or the sun is shining. Pink medium tone flower petals up to 8 cm in size are distributed symmetrically in quarters. Within three weeks, the bush is buried in flowers, then 2-3 weeks of more meager flowering follow, and the season ends with single flowers hidden in the depths of the bush. The bush reaches a height of one and a half meters, often forms strong root suckers. If not removed, they will eventually displace neighboring plants.

Re-bloom: good

Introduced: Kordes, Germany, 1981

Placement: any part of the garden, in the vicinity of different plants

The beauty of this fragrance-free rose is due to the luxurious mass of flowers, which, all summer, with a break of one month, are dotted with a low bush. Separately, its pure pink flowers are not so attractive: their appearance is spoiled by the stamens, which gradually turn brown from the rain, losing their attractiveness. But the splendor of abundant flowering hides such a flaw.

Bella Rosa is classified as a floribunda, but is inferior to the same class and is probably best viewed as a mini-scrub. For a rose, a place in the garden where a decorative pink spot is required.

BELLE DE CRECY

Introduced by: Hardy, France, 1829

Placement and use: mixborder aromatic mixtures of dry petals

Here is a truly magical rose! First, the bush is covered with red buds, and then the petals arrange a parade of colors: here it is dark pink, and lilac, and purple, and reddish-purple. Later, they fade, acquiring an unexpected pleasant bluish-gray color. Sometimes a fabulous kaleidoscope of flowers is complemented by a green core. Such a rose is very useful for composing an aromatic flower mixture. Its dry petals retain not only aroma, but also color. The bush reaches a height of 120 cm. In general, the plant is more viable than other varieties of French roses.

Very original is a large rose garden with French roses planted at a distance of about 90 cm from each other with petals of different colors. Soon they begin to release root suckers on the territory of their neighbors. Most roses of this class bloom at the same time, which is why a close planting creates an amazing visual effect, which is very difficult to achieve with roses of other classes.

Introduced: Permantier, France, 1845

The soft pink tone of the Belle Isis rose strikingly contrasts with the harsh colors of many roses in this class. Small dense flowers appear in June, abundantly covering the bush, which, after rain, bends under their weight.

In a strong bush about two meters high in winter, the tips of the shoots practically do not die off, and the rose blooms quite early. It represents in the second generation the parental form of David Austin's copra Constans Spry and is therefore the ancestor of many English roses.

Re-flowering: reliable

Height x width: 120 x 120 cm

Introduced: Austin, England, 1984

Placement: mixborder, flower bed with other roses

The flowers of the English rose breeder David Austin have 35 pistils. The semi-double petals of a soft pink color open wide, and then golden stamens, collected in a fluffy bunch, become visible. Rose has a persistent musky scent.

Belle Story forms a bushy scrub and looks good both in a mix border and in a flower bed with other roses, where it creates a spectacular accent. The variety is slightly affected by the environment and is characterized by the regularity of re-flowering.

Re-bloom: good

Introduced: Pryor, England, 1935

Placement: mixborder just a few bushes are enough

Using Betty Prior as an example, it is easy to see the transformation of polyanthus roses into floribunda, and at first the new class was called "hybrid polyant roses". Betty Prior flowers, like polyanthus varieties, form large bouquets and these roses are equally bushy. Like polyanthus, Betty Prior blooms later than many others, but continues to bloom continuously until the frost. This variety has rather large flowers, like the floribunda roses of a later period of introduction.

Non-double flowers with dark pink petals and an almost red backside fade to pink color. The rose is suitable for group planting on a large original mixborder. Seven bushes are enough to ensure stable flowering during the summer for many years.


Caring for polyanthus roses in winter

Although the rose can withstand cold and frost, it is better to cover it for the winter. Without a protective cover, the plant can withstand temperatures not lower than -5 ºС. In mid-October, the last buds fall from the shrub, only after that it is necessary to prepare it for wintering. You need to know how to cover polyanthus roses. First, pruning should be done - remove old, dry, broken and diseased shoots.

In dry weather, they begin to cover the rose. There should be no moisture on the leaves and branches. A large wooden box is suitable for shelter. It is installed over a bush and sprinkled with dry foliage and sawdust on top. The layer should be quite thick so that the frost does not get to the rose.

If the bush is too large, then you can install a wire frame and tighten it with thick plastic wrap. These are used to cover greenhouses. Until March, the rose should remain in the shelter. When the sun begins to bake, the film is gradually removed from it or the drawer is pushed aside. You cannot remove the shelter right away, otherwise the bush will overheat and rot.


Popular varieties of park re-blooming roses

A. Mackenzie scrub

Canada, Dr. Felicitas Svejda, 1985

A tall, straight, powerful bush, reaches a height of 1.5 to 2 m. Shoots are moderately thorny. Leaves are matte, usually 7 leaflets.

The flowers are pink-red, not bright, double (40-50 petals), medium-sized, in inflorescences. The shape of the flowers is close to the old one. They last for a long time, fade over time. In very damp weather, old flowers may look untidy and the petals will have to be removed by hand. But the bush in bloom is very beautiful!

Blooms all summer long, disease resistant. Propagated by cuttings.

According to the official description, it can withstand frosts down to -35-40. In my garden, it has been wintering without shelter for 5 years already; in the spring, a small pruning of frozen shoots is required, which does not interfere with abundant flowering.

If there is an opportunity to bend and cover, it will bloom even more abundantly.

It is better to plant in the background: the bush is tall and "ankle".

"Abraham Darby"

A variety of park shrub rose with graceful double (50-55 petals), large flowers with a diameter of 12-14 cm with a very strong fruity-strawberry aroma and a beautiful color: the inner part of the petals is tinged with a pink-peach shade, and the outer part is light yellow.

Rose Abraham Derby is considered one of the most beautiful and popular roses of the Englishman breeder David Austin. She was bred in 1985, and her parents were the modern varieties - the polyanthus rose with yellow flowers Yellow Cushion and the climbing Aloha with pink-red double flowers.

Abraham Darby flowers are in a classic form of an ancient rose, cupped. During flowering, the entire bush is covered with flowers, flowering waves are repeated with enviable regularity.

"Abraham Darby" - This is a powerful bush, 1.5-2 meters high, requires a lot of space. The leaves are shiny, large, leathery, disease resistant. However, they can be affected by black spot.

From June to October, new buds constantly open on it, in hot weather the flowers are more peach, in cold weather more pink. The cultivar is one of the first to bloom and blooms almost continuously.

This rose loves warm, sunny and wind-protected areas, the soil prefers fertile, light loam with good water retention capacity, neutral or slightly acidic. Needs special care (pruning, feeding, shelter for the winter).

The "Abraham Darby" rose needs a place where it can grow as a tall shrub away from other plants.
You can plant it in the center of the flower bed or in the background. Rose Abraham Derby goes well with other varieties of pastel shades of roses. Long shoots of Abraham Derby can be thrown up a hedge or wall.

Do not plant it next to plants of flashy colors, choose pastel colors. Delicate purple and lilac flowers - lavender or Fassen's catnip - will become a wonderful background for her. White flowers will help to create an elegant composition - snow-white lily, white delphinium, swing, etc.

Fisherman's Friend® scrub

UK, David Austin, 1987

Very large, densely doubled flowers of amazing color: purple-crimson, or purple. Combines very well with dark, glossy, slightly “wrinkled” foliage. There is a velvety effect. Flowers are often solitary, last about 5 days, resistant to dampness. The aroma is strong and pleasant.

The leaves are dark green, shiny, beautiful. Consist of 5-7 leaves.

The shoots are completely covered with sharp thorns, there are also many thorns on the underside of the leaves (it is better not to touch this rose without gloves!).

Prevention of diseases is desirable already at the beginning of summer.

It hibernates very well with shelter, but without shelter in winter 2009-2010. I was completely frostbitten, to the ground ... Although then it grew back from the vaccination and flourished.

Rose Falstaff

Falstaff variety of park shrub rose with magnificent large (10-12 cm in diameter), densely double (50-55 petals) purple flowers with a bright aroma of rose oil. This rose was bred in 1999 by English breeder David Austin.

Falstaff's color is a gorgeous deep crimson, bright and rich at first, later fading to a faded magenta. The flowers are cupped, the petals are short and curled, usually forming a loose rosette, but sometimes they can be lodged or with a button in the center. They appear one at a time or in dense clusters up to 5 pieces, on rather long shoots, sometimes the pedicels are weak and then the flowers droop down.

Bush "Falstaff" vigorous, branched, erect, 1.2-1.5 m high. On graceful shoots, large, dark, leathery foliage, resistant to powdery mildew, sometimes prone to black spot. Blooms profusely all summer and early autumn. Park roses are resistant to disease and low temperatures, pruning is minimal.

This rose loves warm, sunny and wind-protected areas, the soil prefers fertile, light loam with good water retention capacity, neutral or slightly acidic. Needs special care (pruning, feeding, shelter for the winter).

Rose "Falstaff" suitable for creating hedges, for group plantings. For use as a climbing rose, Falstaff is perhaps too branchy, but There are few red-crimson climbers, you can try to start it up the wall, where it reaches an average height. White flowers will help to create an elegant composition - snow-white lily, white delphinium, swing, etc.

Ballerina

Ballerina - a variety of graceful park shrub rose with charming pink flowers. Small saucer-shaped flowers with a diameter of only 2 cm, non-double (5 petals, grouped around yellow stamens), but they form large clusters of up to 100 flowers in each, spreading a pleasant musky aroma.

They appear throughout the summer and fall before the first frost and grow larger and larger over time. Flowers in buds and half-release are dark pink, then become pale pink with a white center, fade to white. After the flowers, small orange fruits appear. The Ballerina musk rose was bred in the UK in 1937. The author of the variety is Bentall.

Ballerina bush 1.2-1.5 m high, dense, spreading, with drooping slightly thorny shoots. The foliage is abundant, bright green, shiny, leathery, resistant to powdery mildew and black spot. The variety has many fans for its compact shrub, hardiness - one of the easiest varieties to grow, and extraordinary abundance and duration of flowering. Frost-resistant grade.

This rose loves warm, sunny and wind-protected areas, the soil prefers fertile, light loam with good water retention capacity, neutral or slightly acidic. It tolerates partial shade well, where it fade less. The main thing is that it is in the sun for at least 4 hours a day, then the flowering will be magnificent. Needs special care (pruning, feeding, shelter for the winter).

Ballerina variety can be grown as a hedge or in a standard form. Many flowers and shrubs are suitable partners for the "graceful ballerina". But you should still avoid plants with bright crimson, yellow and orange hues.

Good companions will be monards and phloxes of cold tones, blue-violet and white flowers. This rose is good both in solo cultivation and in group compositions, and as a tall groundcover. In a shrub bed, Ballerina will provide a colorful backdrop for the whole summer and give it a soft pink color.

L.D. Braithwaite scrub


- Leonard Dudley Braithwaite ®

UK, David Austin, 1988

Densely double beautifully shaped flowers at the beginning of dissolution are bright red, velvety. Later fade to crimson. The aroma is not strong.

Leaves are dull, 5-7 leaflets. Young leaves are light green, old ones are much darker and with a grayish tint.

Rose Gypsy Boy (Gypsy Boy)

Gypsy boy - a variety of park bourbon roses with magnificent purple-red large (8-10 cm in diameter), double (25-40 petals) flowers. This rose was bred in 1909 in Austria - Hungary.

The color of Gypsy Boy is an unusual velvety-raspberry-purple, which turns almost blue on the second day of flowering, therefore flowers of different shades are present on the bush at the same time. Flowers in the form of a flat rosette, with golden stamens, with a mild aroma, appear one at a time or in dense brushes up to 3 pcs. on last year's shoots, long flowering from mid-summer.

Bush Gypsy boy vigorous, branched, erect, 0.9-1.8 m high. On graceful shoots, large, dark, leathery foliage, resistant to powdery mildew, black spot. A large bush is beautiful in early summer, when fragrant, dark, crimson-purple flowers, opening, flaunt golden stamens. The variety is frost-resistant and unpretentious.

This rose loves warm, sunny and wind-protected areas, the soil prefers fertile, light loam with good water retention capacity, neutral or slightly acidic. Needs special care (pruning, feeding, light shelter for the winter).

Rose of the Gypsy Boy variety looks great in a composition with annuals, perennials, cereals and ornamental shrubs. All of them are original: white grass and Thunberg barberry "Atropurpurea" create a magnificent background, the cuff and two-source are wonderful filling plants, and the quinoa "Rubra" and mint "Variagata" have unusual leaves.

Ferdinand Richard (Ferdinand Richard)

Variety "Ferdinand Richard" - one of the most decorative varieties of park shrub roses with striped flowers. Flowers form from June to early autumn from rounded, striped buds, collected in small inflorescences.

The buds bloom in medium size (6-10 cm), cupped, double (25 petals), carmine-red and pink flowers with a striped and spotted pattern. Later, the pink color fades to white, while the carmine red hue becomes even brighter. The flowers exude a sweetish, delicate aroma.

Ferdinand Richard is one of the repair roses. The leaves of the rose are medium-sized, bright green, shiny and disease-resistant. The growth form of this rose is bushy with dense shoots growing upward. The rose reaches 1.5 m in height and almost the same in width.
Rose "Ferdinand Richard" was bred in 1921 by the French breeder Tannet, and soon went on sale. The original variety of this rose is unknown.

In a warm, sunny place, the park shrub rose "Ferdinand Richard" blooms wildly until the beginning of autumn. The soil needs to be permeable, rich in nutrients. Heavy soils should be thoroughly loosened and sand improved before planting. Needs special care (pruning, feeding, shelter for the winter).

Rose "Ferdinand Richard" - This is one of the best striped roses. It is recommended for planting in small gardens. For single plantings, you need to use a group of two or three roses "Ferdinand Pichard" (distance between plants 0.8-1m).

Choose a place for the rose where you can admire its flowers from a nearby bench or other resting place. In the flower beds, the Ferdinand Pichard rose is planted in the center or in the background of the composition. Around it are small groups of flowers, better monochromatic. With its bushy growth and long flowering period, the Ferdinand Richard rose seems to be made for hedges.

A pleasant contrast with the striped color of roses is blue - violet. Therefore, on the flower beds where the "Ferdinand Ricbard" rose grows, lavender, delphinium, sage, phlox can coexist.

When a striped rose is combined with white-flowered plants, a delicate and aromatic composition is obtained. But to obtain a noble composition next to a striped rose of the "Ferdinand Ricbard" variety, you can plant wormwood or gray-haired Veronica, which have a silvery-gray tone.

Try to avoid plants with bright yellow-orange flowers. Carmine tones make Ferdinand Richard flowers shine even brighter. For this purpose, suitable carmine-red varieties of daylily (Hemerocallis), paniculata phlox, monarda, yarrow and viscarius lychnis.

Louise Odier Vintage Bourbon Rose

Louise Odier Vintage Bourbon Rose

• Madame de Stella (bourbon, Margottin, 1851)

France, Jacques-Julien, Jules Margottin Pere & Fils, 1851

Flowers are medium-sized, pink, densely double. The aroma is very strong and pleasant. One of my most fragrant roses!

Leaves are matte. There are few thorns. Shoots are flexible, support may be required.

It hibernates very well with shelter.

Moje hammarberg hybrid rugosa

Moje hammarberg hybrid rugosa

- Rosa rugosa 'Moje Hammarberg'

Flowers are double, dark pink, large. A single flower does not last long. The petals are damaged by rain - like in many hybrids of Rugosa Rose. The aroma is strong.

The leaves are wrinkled, slightly shiny (unlike the Rosa rugosa species, which has very shiny leaves), 7-9 leaves.

Shoots are densely covered with thorns.

In appearance, this variety is very similar to the wild wrinkled rose Rosa rugosa. It differs only in smaller and less shiny leaves, and of course, double flowers. Fruits are rarely set.

The variety is very winter-hardy, does not need shelter. Diseases are not affected.

It grows on its roots, propagates by shoots.

It is found in the Leningrad region, but the owners usually do not know the name of the variety.

Morden centennial scrub

Morden centennial scrub

Named after the centenary of the city of Morden, which was celebrated in 1980.

Canada, Henry H. Marshall, 1980

The bush is 1-1.2 m high. The flowers are bright pink, double with 40-45 petals, 7-8 cm in diameter, with a weak aroma, collected in inflorescences of 2-4 pcs. The flowers at the beginning of the dissolution are very beautiful, then most often they open the golden middle - but sometimes they are also densely double. Flowers keep for about 5 days, they are resistant to dampness. Abundant flowering, especially in June and August-September. The aroma is very weak.

Removing wilted flowers is recommended to stimulate re-flowering (otherwise it sets a lot of fruits - to the detriment of flowering). True, the fruits also adorn the rose ...

The leaves are large, dull, 7 leaflets. There are not many thorns.

It is very resistant to disease.

Easily propagated by cuttings.

According to the official description, it can withstand frosts down to -40-45. It has been wintering in my garden for 5 years without shelter, but in the spring of 2010, a strong pruning of frozen shoots was required (and in the spring of 2011 too).

If there is an opportunity to bend and cover, it will bloom even more abundantly.

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Prairie joy scrub

Prairie joy scrub

Canada, Henry H. Marshall, 1990

A dense bush up to 1.5 m high. The leaves are matte, young burgundy, then dark green with a bluish tinge, consist of 7 leaves. There are not many thorns.

Medium pink, double flowers of a beautiful old shape appear in inflorescences continuously throughout the summer. Most often in the center of the flower you can see a "button" of rolled petals, but sometimes the flowers can be semi-double. Flowers last for about 5 days, in damp weather the petals can rot. The aroma is weak but pleasant.

Removing wilted flowers is recommended to stimulate re-flowering (otherwise it sets a lot of fruits - to the detriment of flowering).

Ideal for hedges.

According to the official description, it can withstand frosts down to -40-45. In my garden, it hibernates for 4 years without shelter, but in the spring of spring 2010, a strong pruning of frozen shoots was required (and in the spring of 2011, too). If there is an opportunity to bend and cover, it will bloom even more abundantly.

Rhapsody in Blue, scrub

Rhapsody in Blue, scrub

UK, Frank R. Cowlishaw, 1999

The flowers are medium in size, in inflorescences, semi-double (16 petals), bloom purple and turn almost blue by the end of flowering. Yellow stamens are visible. Strong aroma.

Leaves are glossy, light green.

The bush is high, maybe 2 m and more.

Minette vintage, alba or centifolia

Sebastian Kneipp, hybrid tea

Germany, W. Kordes & Sons, 1997

Flowers are white with a yellow-pink center, large, double, old-fashioned. Strong aroma.

Leaves are glossy, dark green.

The bush is tall, it can grow above 1.2 m.

Minette vintage, alba or centifolia

UK, David Austin, 2001

Double flowers, beautiful old shape, light pink with a warm shade. Fragrant. Resistant to rain.

Leaves are dull, 5-7 leaflets. There are very few thorns.

Winters excellently with shelter.


Watch the video: Types of Roses: Beginners Guide to Rose Varieties


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