Aeonium arboreum, commonly known as Tree Aeonium or Houseleek Tree, belongs to the Crassulaceae or Stonecrop family. This succulent is native to the Canary Islands, where its natural range includes arid desert regions. Tree Aeonium has waxy foliage that forms rosettes. It grows quickly and produces abundant yellow flowers on racemes from late winter through early spring. This visually striking succulent grows in a range of shapes, sizes, and colors in containers and rock gardens.
Tree Aeonium grows best in full sun during the cooler months and when grown in coastal areas. When grown inland or during the summer, provide this succulent with afternoon or partial shade.
Though Tree Aeoniums tolerate various soil types as long as they're well-drained, it prefers light, porous soil. You may want to amend your planting site with sand and limestone chips. For container gardening, plant Tree Aeonium in a moderately moist medium with excellent drainage.
This drought-tolerant plant hates water around its roots, so be careful to avoid excessive watering. In the wild, this succulent goes dormant in summer, so water sparingly during the hotter months, allowing your plant to dry out between waterings. In the winter, reduce watering to once per month.
The Tree Aeonium thrives in temperatures that range from 40 to 100 °F (5 to 38 °C) in USDA plant hardiness zones 9 to 11. During the winter, Tree Aeonium grows best with nighttime temperatures of 50 °F (10 °C).
Tree Aeonium does not require much fertilizer. Two to three applications of a balanced fertilizer during the growing season feed this succulent.
To propagate your Tree Aeonium, remove its terminal rosette or take leaf cuttings in late winter or early spring, then plant the cuttings or rosettes in well-drained soil. You can also sow seeds in sandy soil in late summer.
Though Tree Aeonium is not particularly susceptible to infestations, pests include aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, and thrips. If this succulent is planted in a site with poor drainage, its roots may rot. Although the yellow flowers are attractive, each time they bloom, a rosette dies. You can avoid flowering by cutting the terminal rosette every year in late winter and propagating it by planting the rosette at the plant's base, where it will form roots.
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If you already have some succulents in your home, then you are familiar with the simple process of getting more of these lovely plants. If you are a beginner gardener, you should know that propagating these awesome succulents is really easy. Whether you want to give them as a gift or keep them for yourself, all succulents can be propagated through leaves or stem cuttings.
The healthy stems that fall off the mother plant are very likely to root in the surrounding potting soil without much effort on your part. But sometimes a grower can be unlucky, so you need to learn how to take some cuttings by yourself! Look for a stem piece that contains a leaf rosette and cut it off using a sharp and sterilized knife. The cutting must be placed in a shady location, allowing it to heal for three or four days.
Fill a small container with fresh mix obtained from half cactus and succulent potting mix and half all-purpose potting soil. For optimal results, the pot should have drainage holes at the bottom. Place the cutting into the potting mix as much as it needs to hold it upright and steady. Keep the container in bright but indirect light and provide your cutting with a little quantity of water once a week.
With proper care, your cutting should develop a strong root system in a few months. Once the cutting is stable, you can water it once the top 2 inches (5 cm) of soil is dry. Repot the baby succulent into a larger container when it starts to outgrow the current one.
Intro: Tree aeonium plants are interesting succulents that come in green or purple (the purple color comes out more intensely in the sun and less so when kept in shady balcony gardens). The tree aeonium has yellow flowers, but the branch that flowers will always die after the flowering event. The tree aeonium plant can grow to 3 feet in the balcony container garden.
Scientific Name: Aeonium arboreum
Light: Full sun
Water: Use a well-draining plant container to not let the potting soil get soggy. In winter water just enough to keep the tree aeonium plant's roots from completely drying out.
Propagation: Propagate tree aeoniums by taking cuttings or dividing the plant.
Misc. Info: Too much heat will make the tree aeonium's thick, rubbery leaves curl, and freezing temperatures will melt the leaves, but these succulent plants usually come back. Use these plants in succulent container gardens in which multiple cacti and succulents are planted in an interesting plant container. These succulent plants fit in well in a Southwest inspired balcony garden theme.