How to plant a plum? Plum grafting in spring: step-by-step instructions for beginners


Gardening is fun. The results of such work bring not only practical benefits. Having received a ripe plum from a cherry bush, the gardener feels like a real creator. The vaccination process is simple and straightforward. It is enough to know a number of simple rules and techniques to understand how to plant a plum.

When is the best time to plant a plum in spring, winter, summer or autumn? Terms of vaccination

It is believed that winter is not the time for such work. This does not stop gardeners. There is an interesting trick - to plant a plum with cuttings or buds in winter. For this purpose, seedlings and grafting material, which are prepared in the fall, are suitable. The blanks are stored in a cold basement until grafting begins. In the period from the end of December to February, the vaccination process itself is carried out.

In the spring, the time for active sap flow comes. Trees grow. During this period, the scion grows easily with the stock. The third decade of March or early April is the best time for grafting plums in the spring. You can postpone the work to May, but the probability of unsuccessful vaccination is high, since with the onset of heat, the survival rate of cuttings and buds sharply decreases.

Autumn is also suitable for grafting plums, but on condition that the stalk has time to take root.

You can carry out the procedure in the summer, but practice shows that trees do not like summer grafts very much. If there is a need for this, choose a time when the juice is moving actively. Usually in the summer they try to use the budding method for vaccination.

For spring grafting, the optimum air temperature should be at least 10 ℃ during the day and 0 ℃ at night.

When to plant plums in the spring in various regions, including in the Moscow region, in Belarus, in the Middle Lane

Grafting of stone fruit crops in different regions has its own characteristics. This is due to climatic conditions. In Siberia, predominantly early ripening varieties are grown, and in the middle lane, mid-season varieties also successfully take root. The starting point for grafting plums in the spring is sap flow. If in the Moscow region it is March, then in the northern regions of the vaccine are at the beginning of April.

Plum can also be planted in August. At this time, the buds are ripe, the shoots have stopped growing. Autumn grafting is applicable to warm climates. There are fears that the scion will not have time to enter the growth phase.

How to plant a plum. Ways and methods

There are two ways to get vaccinated:

Method 1: copulation, that is, grafting with a cuttings. The stalk is grafted to the stock using different methods:

  • in the butt;
  • improved copulation;
  • into cleavage;
  • for the bark;
  • in the side cut;
  • bridge.

Method 2: budding. One or more kidneys are used for vaccination. There are two methods for this method:

  • T-shaped;
  • into the butt.

Each of the methods has its own characteristics and is used depending on the situation and time of year.

Plum grafting in spring for beginners

Plum is a stone fruit culture. Her vaccination has its own characteristics. In stone fruit crops, in contrast to pome crops, the movement of juice begins earlier, and the duration of the period is shorter. Plum grafting in spring, video:

In early March, when the snow has not yet melted, you can start grafting the plum. Pay attention to the condition of the rootstock buds. That's right when they are slightly swollen. The stalk should be firm, free of mold and bend easily. A few hours before the grafting of the plum, it is recommended to update the slice. To enhance the survival rate, use special medications. For example, Ribav Extra.

Important! If there are different fruit crops in your garden, then start grafting with those whose fruits are pitted.

How to plant a plum in spring?

Procedure:

  • prepare shoots for the scion;
  • choose a way to store them;
  • find a suitable stock;
  • cut the cuttings;
  • choose a vaccination method;
  • vaccinate;
  • fix the grafting material;
  • plant care after vaccination.

What cuttings to take for grafting plums. Storage and procurement

You can buy plum cuttings in nurseries or gardeners. If you have planned vaccination work for the winter, then you should stock up on the graft in the fall.

Important! The procurement of grafting material must be completed before the onset of frost.

Plum cuttings can be set aside until spring while the buds are still dormant. This option is used only for moderately cold winters.

For cuttings, annual shoots are suitable. The optimum shoot length for the scion is 40 cm.

Attention! The tree must be healthy. The buds on the shoots are well developed.

Here are some options for storing shoots:

  • sprinkle with earth and store in the garden;
  • store in the sand in the basement;
  • branches cut in spring are packed in a polyethylene bag and sprinkled with snow;
  • in the absence of snow, store in the refrigerator

In the end, you should have cuttings with unopened, dormant buds.

Plum grafting into cleft

The most versatile and simplest method. You can inoculate plums on a scion that is dormant and has not entered the growing season.

Depending on the area, the splint grafting of plums can be done in March or April.

With the help of a secateurs, the branch intended for the stock is shortened. An incision is made in the center with a depth of 4 cm. The knife for such work must be well sharpened. Better to purchase special garden tools.

A cut in the form of a wedge is made on the graft for the scion, which in shape and size should repeat the cut on the rootstock. Ideally, the rootstock and scion diameters should be the same. This is the key to success. If this is not possible, due to the difference in diameter, it is necessary to combine the bark of the scion and rootstock along one edge. The stalk should not be in the middle of the split. If the difference in trunk diameters is significant, two cuttings are grafted at once.

Polyethylene strips are used to fix the vaccination site. Var for trees is applied to the open areas of the cuts. This will save the branch from moisture loss.

Attention! Var must not get into a rift. The vaccination site will not heal well.

Grafting a plum with a bud in spring

A kidney is used as a scion. The desired plant is selected and the bud, which is sometimes called the "eye", is cut off. The bud, stored in the fall, will grow in the coming spring. Plum grafting by budding, carried out in the summer, will only sprout next spring.

Inoculation of plums by the kidney is performed "in the butt" and in the "E-shaped" incision. In the first case, a bud is cut from a scion in the form of a shield. We make the same indentation on the rootstock. Then we connect and fix with a strip of polyethylene. The kidney itself must be open.

In the second case, we make an incision in the form of the letter "T" on the rootstock. We bend the bark, insert the prepared kidney and fix it.

How long does a plum graft take root?

You have to wait a couple of weeks to make sure the vaccine is successful. Only after this period is it possible to draw conclusions about the quality of the vaccine.

Rootstock for plum

For the process to be successful, you must adhere to the rule: the plants must be compatible.

The best results are obtained by grafting plums onto plums. A wild plum is suitable as a stock. Of other stone fruit crops, cherry plum and blackthorn are the best.

Here is a list of plants that, in addition to the above, can be a good stock for plums:

  • sweet cherry;
  • dogwood;
  • thorny;
  • different varieties of cherries;
  • peach.

Plum grafting on the blackthorn

Blackthorn is an unpretentious plant and tolerates frost well. The stem is not susceptible to cracking. In places where plums are inoculated on the blackthorn, no build-ups are formed. The appearance of the tree does not lose its attractiveness. Grafting the plum onto the blackthorn produces a compact bonsai without overgrowth.

Plum grafting on cherries

For such a grafting, the rootstock should not be an ordinary, but a felt or steppe cherry variety. The job requires a certain skill. Everything must be done with maximum speed and accuracy. The cherry cut is susceptible to oxidation and simply may not take root. The result of the grafting will be a plum tree - low, with a beautiful compact crown. The first harvest will appear next year.

Plum on a dwarf rootstock

If you plant a plum on a cherry, you get a sprawling dwarf tree with pleasant-tasting fruits.

Many are concerned about the formation of root shoots on the site. They can appear up to 20 meters away. If the stock was a felt cherry, then this problem does not arise. The formation of stem overgrowth is possible, but this is a gardener's mistake. The stem must be dug in with earth until the grafting itself or any growth that appears below the grafting site must be removed.

How to inoculate a plum on a plum

Grafting of stone fruit crops within the same species is almost always successful. The taste and appearance of the fruit are noticeably improved, and the yield increases. Often, gardeners plant different varieties of plum on one stock.

Plum grafting on mountain ash, bird cherry

Plum grafting can theoretically be done on any tree. But in practice it can be disadvantageous. After all, the result is impossible to predict. Cuttings usually develop only on related trees. Novice, inexperienced gardeners often make such mistakes and become frustrated with grafting trees.

How to plant a plum on a bird cherry? Practice shows that leaves appear on the handle. But the composition of the nutrients coming from the roots of the bird cherry is insufficient for the normal development of the plum. After some time, the foliage turns yellow and falls off. It is not possible to get a harvest on the stock from bird cherry.

Important! A stone fruit plant can only be grafted onto a stone fruit plant, since splicing a pome and stone fruit tree is unlikely to bring good results, but it will provide valuable experience.

Plum on a semi-dwarf rootstock

Siberian breeders have bred a wonderful variety of plum on a dwarf rootstock.

This is Scarlet Dawn. Cherry plum was used as a stock. The hybrid ripens early, has a beautiful fruit shape. The height of the tree is average, the crown is spreading, which makes it invulnerable to Siberian frosts.

Budding plum on apricot

Plums are often planted on seedlings or apricot shoots. These are frost-resistant and drought-resistant plants. Plum fruits on apricot have a light apricot aroma.

The disadvantage of grafting a plum on an apricot is the fragile connection of the scion with the stock. Strong winds can break off the branch at the grafting site.

To avoid damage, the junction of the scion with the stock is deepened 15 cm into the ground. As a result, the plum is transferred to its own roots.

Conclusion

Grafting makes it possible to shorten the propagation time of plants, improve the properties of plum varieties. With its help, the tree adapts to the temperature regime of the region. As a result of grafting plums, you can get a unique plant with the most amazing properties.


Cherry grafting - step by step instructions for a novice gardener

Adding an article to a new collection

How to inoculate cherries correctly? This procedure seems very difficult to inexperienced gardeners. We decided to help you and have compiled step-by-step instructions on how to plant cherries. Each step was provided with a photographic illustration.

Why plant cherries? Grafted trees give a more bountiful harvest. It will be possible to get it earlier than from young seedlings. In addition, grafting can expand the variety and rejuvenate the garden. You should not be afraid of vaccination. You just need to try once or twice - and you will certainly succeed in planting a tree.


What can you plant a plum on?

Plum can "make friends" not with all fruit trees. Only stone fruit crops can serve as a rootstock for plums:

  • plum
  • cherry plum
  • turn
  • thorny plum
  • apricot.

Also note: the rootstock tree must be healthy, without damage, resistant to various diseases and weather conditions in your area.

Plums age very quickly. For this reason, you should not choose a plum tree over 10 years old as a rootstock.


Summer and autumn plum grafting: how to plant a tree in summer and autumn

Only healthy cuttings can be grafted onto a healthy tree. Otherwise, the branch may not take root or not bear fruit. In addition, it is worth considering the compatibility of the breeds. Better, of course, to carry out a similar procedure between trees belonging to the same variety. For example, grafting a peach onto a plum can be successful.

According to biologists, this tree was obtained by crossing cherry plum and blackthorn. That is why grafting apricots on plums gives a positive result. The same cannot be said about sweet cherries or cherries. Plum can also be planted on cherry plum - this is the best option. The stalk in this case will take root very quickly. As for the thorn, it is popularly called the prickly plum. This plant can also be grafted with stone fruit varieties.

Apricot is another quality rootstock. The main thing is to choose the right place on the tree. In this case, it is worth remembering that some parts of the trunk and branches can be damaged by the tinder fungus.

The time factor in this case plays an important role. It should be borne in mind that when carrying out vaccination, timing matters. After all, each season has its own characteristics.

Plum grafting is usually carried out in the spring, since it is during this period that the circulation of juices in all plants is at a high level. If in the process the maximum contact between the rootstock and the cutting was created, then successful fusion is ensured. If this was not achieved, then the procedure can be repeated more than once.

If the grafting of the plum in the spring has failed, then it is carried out in the summer. Carefully selected cuttings still manage to take root and grow together with the stock. There is a chance that during the warm period, new branches will be able to grow a little.

Experts recommend using extreme caution when vaccinating in the fall. In this case, it is necessary to take into account that cold snaps during this period of the year can begin unexpectedly. The frosts that have begun can greatly harm the cuttings or destroy them irrevocably, without even allowing them to take root.

Now you can start directly with the vaccination:

  1. Insert the scion wedge tightly into the split (longitudinal cut) on the drain.
  2. Close up the edges of the grafting site with garden varnish.
  3. Wrap the graft tightly with garden varnish.
  4. Put a plastic bag on the grafted stalk, pulling off its ends with electrical tape under the graft. It will protect you from the bright sun and retain moisture.

The cultivation of plums on a personal plot is a common phenomenon among domestic gardeners. In order to root it in your own garden and wait for a full harvest, you need to clearly understand how to plant a plum, and what recommendations should be followed.

Plum grafting is an activity that is undesirable to undertake without proper preparation. This fruit plant requires a lot of attention from the gardener. In addition, you need to understand that such a procedure is not carried out solely at your request. There are certain times that are optimal for grafting young green cuttings.

Many novice gardeners are wondering when it is possible to start this lesson, and whether the time of year so influences the effectiveness of the procedure. In fact, this factor plays an important role: each season is characterized by individual characteristics that should be taken into account without fail.

Spring is considered the optimal time for grafting new branches onto a home plum. The thing is that with the onset of heat, the plant sap begins to actively circulate through the plant. This means that your stock will take root quickly.Carrying out such a procedure in the spring is also beneficial in that if the branch suddenly does not start growing, you can attach more than one such stalk, since you have plenty of time.

For those gardeners who, for some reason, could not start grafting plums in the spring, the summer period will be the optimal period. If the plants are not deprived of heat, then the likelihood that the young stalk will take root on the branch and grow strong enough before the onset of cold weather is high. Autumn is considered an undesirable period for vaccination.

Even if you attach a twig to a tree on a warm autumn day, soon a cold snap may come unexpectedly or even frost will begin. In this case, the stalk will suffer or not take root at all. That is why it is not recommended to vaccinate the tree in the fall. Plum grafting in spring or summer is the best choice for a domestic gardener.

Also note: the rootstock tree must be healthy, free from damage, resistant to severe weather conditions and various diseases.

Plums age very quickly. Therefore, you should not plant trees over 10 years old.

Proper care of the grafted plant is the key to a successful vaccination. Keep an eye on the strapping and loosen the strap periodically to prevent it from cutting into the wood.

Consider further actions in case of a successful vaccination and vice versa. By the way, whether the plum inoculation was successful can be judged after 2-3 weeks.

With the onset of summer, the tops of the scion are usually pinched.

Over time, "tops" (vertical shoots) and shoots are formed on the scion, which contribute to the thickening of the crown and weaken the grafting. They must be cut off.

Consider all the nuances, and you will get the desired result - a grafted plum, which after a few years will delight you with an abundant harvest of delicious fruits.

First of all, it should be noted that the vaccination is carried out only if there are healthy shoots and a healthy young tree. And in the second place, they choose which tree can still be grafted with a plum, except for the plum itself, in fact.

By far the best option for a Prúnus (from Latin for plum) would be grafting between trees of the same genus and variety. This increases the chances of adopting the cuttings as stock. But novice gardeners often have a lot of questions about whether it is possible to graft an apricot to a plum or how to graft a plum onto a blackthorn. Moreover, is it worth experimenting with crossing fruit trees, that is, is it possible to plant a plum on an apple tree or, for example, a pear.

Plum grafting on apricot, cherry plum, blackthorn

Biologists have scientifically proven that the formation of plums occurred by crossing cherry plum and blackthorn. That is why, if it is not possible to plant a plum on a plum, you can use cherry plum or blackthorn as a stock. Cherry plum is especially good, since it is quite strong, among other stone fruits. Sloe is distinguished by its particular frost resistance and unpretentiousness in terms of care, therefore, plum grafting on this crop is used more in the northern regions.

Plum grafting on apricots is also a common occurrence among amateur gardeners. In this case, it is important to carefully choose the tree and the place where the grafting will be done. It is not uncommon for the apricot tree to be affected by tinder fungus, which completely negates the positive result of "crossing" crops.

With regard to other trees (apple, pear, cherry, etc.), the opinions of experienced gardeners differ. Some are ready for bold experiments, while the latter, by their own example, were convinced that the probability of successful fusion is minimal. It is up to the gardener to decide whether or not to inoculate plums on another crop.

Of all the possible options, it is the plum grafting that is popular. This concept means the splicing of two parts. The first is an adult seedling or tree, on which the second part is actually planted. The location is different: a branch, a trunk, or even a stump that still remains viable.

The reasons why you need to do this are listed below:

  1. It helps to replace old shoots with new ones and thus rejuvenate the plant.
  2. The yield increases significantly, and the fruits begin to ripen earlier.
  3. It becomes possible to create an unusual hybrid and enjoy the fruits.

All of these points will help make a significant contribution to the development of your garden and provide unexpectedly pleasing results.

  • In the butt.
    To do this, it is necessary to have a scion and rootstock of identical sizes, so that you can make a cut of the same slope and connect these two parts, fixing them and pouring them with a special pitch.
  • Into the cleft.
    The stock must be unhooked in the center with a sharp knife, making a depth of about 4 cm, and two more cuts must also be made at the bottom. Next, the stalk is inserted into the split so that its bark coincides with the stock. Then it is necessary to seal this place with electrical tape or polyethylene, and also cover it with garden pitch.
  • On the bark.
    In this case, a place is chosen closer to the branch, where more nutrients are concentrated, which will facilitate early engraftment. Everything is done quite simply: with the letter "t" you cut the bark of the tree, gently bend it and insert the graft with a cut.
  • On a stump or branch.
    It is this type of propagation of plums by green scions or cuttings that is the most common and simple. It is enough just to clean the branch cut with a pruner with a garden knife, cut the bark, bend it and place the scion itself under it with a cut to the wood. This place must be firmly pressed and sealed.

All these methods, and especially the last one, are distinguished by their effectiveness and high efficiency, therefore, even novice gardeners can use them.

  • harvesting cuttings in the spring or even worse - using cuttings harvested on the same day
  • use of fat shoots
  • wrong season (too cold)
  • winding of the cambium if the process takes too long.


The main stages and rules of vaccination

Only related plants can be grafted. That is, it is better to inoculate plums on plums. It is advisable to choose the main tree no older than 10 years of age. The stock must be strong and well rooted. It must be perfectly adapted to the local climate.

There are various ways of grafting plums onto plums.

Vaccinations are considered the main ones:

The principle of the procedure is the same.

The first method of grafting plums onto plums is to connect a branch to a branch of approximately the same diameter.

Splitting is when a narrow cut is grafted onto a large diameter trunk.

Grafting with a plum cut means the same diameter of the branch and the cut. Moreover, the layers are attached to the end of the branch. And he becomes its continuation.

The cuts must be straight. And also the same in width and length both on the handle and on the grafting tree.

You need to prepare all the necessary tools in advance:

  • grafting sharpened knife and secateurs
  • grafting tape or similar materials (adhesive plaster, duct tape)
  • var, plasticine or garden paint
  • package, cord and rag.

It is important to properly prepare and store the cuttings. Pruning the main tree before grafting is considered an important procedure. The cuttings must have a certain cut.

You need to properly connect the grafting twig to the main tree. And also to make the binding of the grafts and provide appropriate care for the tree in the future.


Cherry plum grafting, including plums, what else can be grafted on

For experienced gardeners, grafting is a convenient and reliable way to propagate the variety you like, add a pollinator plant, increase the frost resistance of the fruit tree and simply diversify your varietal collection.

For beginners, this procedure is frightening with its seeming complexity.

Indeed, grafting is not the easiest operation, but knowing the features of the grafted plants, the appropriate methods and timing, even a novice gardener will master this science and cope with the task.

Terms of vaccination cherry plum

The best time to inoculate cherry plum is early spring. Grafted at the end of March or in April, before bud break, cuttings have the greatest survival rate. Vaccination can be carried out in the second half of summer, and in the southern regions even in winter, but the percentage of adhesion during these periods is much lower.

The fact is that the spring sap flow contributes to the survival rate of the cuttings. It is also important that the gardener in a short time can make sure of the success of the operation. If after 2 weeks the buds swell on the scion, then everything worked out. Otherwise, the attempt can be repeated in the summer.

Adult fruiting cherry plum - garden decoration

The main methods of vaccination

There are many ways to graft fruit trees. Their use depends on various factors - the size and number of cuttings, grafted crops, the time of the operation and the experience of the gardener.

More often than others, budding, copulation, conventional and improved, and grafting for the bark or in the cleavage are used.

Budding - grafting of one kidney, cut off with a part of the bark. This is perhaps the most effective way - the grafted kidney easily takes root, while the stock is almost not injured, and in case of unsuccessful vaccination, this branch can be re-grafted. This method is especially valuable with a limited number of cuttings - after all, only one bud is needed for the scion.

Vaccination procedure:

  1. A T-shaped incision is made on the rootstock on the north side and the bark is slightly pushed back with a knife.
  2. A bud with a shield is cut on the scion - the knife goes parallel to the cutting.
  3. The flap cut from the scion is inserted into the rootstock incision and wrapped tightly with foil, while bypassing the kidney.

After fusion, such an inoculation has the shape of an eye or an eye, hence the name - budding.

Budding allows you to get several grafts from one cutting

Normal and improved copulation - grafting of the cutting, used for thin rootstock. The only drawback or inconvenience of this method is that the rootstock and the scion must be of the same diameter.

The rest is easy. In normal copulation, the same oblique cuts are made on the rootstock and scion, aligned and wrapped with foil (Fig. 1). With an improved one, an additional tongue is cut out at each cut (Fig. 2).

When the cuts are combined, the tongues are hooked, forming a kind of attachment.

Spring grafting by copulation gives good results

Grafting for the bark or in splitting is the easiest way, so inexperienced gardeners usually start with it. In this method, the grafted stalk is cut in the form of a wedge and inserted into the crevice of the rootstock.

Split grafting is an easy and reliable way

The success of the vaccination depends a lot on the instruments used. The knife must be well sharpened so that the cut can be done in one motion.

A blunt tool will not be able to get a flat surface, and the scion with the stock will not get a tight touch. For these purposes, it is advisable to purchase a special grafting knife in the garden center.

Vaccination kit with knives for different grafting methods will make the gardener's work easier

A film is required to secure the vaccination. You can use ordinary food grade polyethylene, cut into long strips 2 cm wide, or electrical tape, but it must be wound with the adhesive side out.

To seal open sections, you will need a garden pitch. They cover the top of the scion and cuts of remote branches.

Video: cherry plum - how to get vaccinated correctly

What cherry plum is grafted on

Cherry plum, especially in the northern regions, is a rather difficult crop to grow. This thermophilic plant can suffer during frosty winters or extreme temperature changes. Such weather disasters do not have the best effect on the harvest. Vaccination will help to cope with the situation, the main thing is to choose the right stock.

The most successful are grafts between related plants, and the closer the relationship, the better.... Ideally, when varietal cherry plum is grafted onto a cherry plum seedling, cultivated plum, plum growth, and so on. Vaccinations between different stone fruits are also possible, but the survival rate is not always 100%.

Cherry plum, grafted onto felt cherry, took root and bloomed the next year

Cherry plum is a stone fruit plant, which means that it is better to graft it on a related tree.

Cherries and apricots are suitable for the stock, and in the southern regions also a peach, but in order to increase the plant's endurance, it is better to graft on local plums, blackthorns, thorny plums or wild cherry plum.

Always, if there is an opportunity to choose a rootstock, preference should be given to plants grown from seed or from undergrowth.

Preparation and storage of cuttings

Cuttings for scion are harvested in late autumn, after leaf fall. On the southern side of the tree - it is there that the strongest and most mature branches are located, annual shoots 35–45 cm long with short internodes are cut. The handle must have at least 5 developed buds.

The remaining leaves are removed, and the branches are tied into bunches according to varieties and tags with the name are attached. They can be stored in the basement at temperatures from 0 ° C to + 2 ° C or in the refrigerator, wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in a plastic bag.

When enough snow has fallen, you can transfer the bag of cuttings to the garden and dig it in by throwing a small snowdrift on top.

The harvested cuttings are laid out by grade, signed and stored.

How to plant cherry plum on a plum

Cherry plum for setting fruit needs pollinators, so it is advisable to plant several cuttings of different varieties. If it is possible to find cuttings of different fruiting periods for the scion, then the grafted tree will have an increase in the harvest time.

However, it must be remembered that such grafts live no more than 10 years, since the immune systems of the varieties are different and if one branch sets fruits, and the other prepares for flowering, then the tree is under stress.

The best rootstocks for cherry plum are Canadian, Chinese and Ussuri plums.

A young plum, up to 5 years old, is suitable as a stock for cherry plum. It is best to vaccinate in late March or early April, in dry, warm weather. It is important to carry out the procedure before the buds begin to bloom on the plum and cherry plum. It is recommended to do several inoculations on one rootstock in different ways - this will increase the chances of a successful operation.

Plum cherry plum grafting was a success

Inoculation of cherry plum into cleavage

For spring grafting of cherry plum on plums, the splitting method is the most successful. Even inexperienced gardeners can handle it.

You need to start by choosing a cutting for the scion (cherry plum) and the rootstock branch (plum). If it is possible to pick up shoots of the same diameter so that after connection they have the same layers of cadmium, success is guaranteed. But even with a thick rootstock, grafting usually succeeds if the layers of cadmium are correctly combined on at least one side.

  1. Select a stock and shorten it with pruning shears to the desired length.
  2. With a sharp knife, make a horizontal cut on the rootstock in one motion.
  3. Putting the knife perpendicular to the cut, split the rootstock branch to a depth of 3 cm. This should be done carefully, slightly shaking the knife so as not to deepen the notch.
  4. Sharpen the lower part of the scion from opposite sides in the form of a wedge. In this case, it is necessary to arrange the slices in such a way that, after inoculation, the lower kidney looks outward. Each cut is done in one stroke. The length of the cut should be about 3 cm.
  5. Insert the scion into the rootstock split, carefully driving it to the desired depth.
  6. Join the edges so that the cadmium matches at least one side.
  7. Wrap the vaccine tightly with foil or electrical tape, winding the latter with the adhesive side out.
  8. Cut the graft into 3-4 buds, and remove all branches below the graft from the rootstock. Cover the cuts with garden pitch.
  9. Wrap the vaccine on top with one layer of agrofibre and put on a plastic bag - this will protect it from sunburn and moisture loss.

The splitting method gives good results in spring grafting of cherry plum

After 2-3 weeks, when the leaves begin to bloom, the shelter can be removed. It will be possible to remove the film or electrical tape only after the scion grows 20–25 cm. The shoots appearing on the rootstock must be removed so that all the plant's forces go to feed the scion.

There is another option for cleft vaccination. In the case when a thick branch or stump is taken for the stock, then two scions, cut with a wedge, are inserted into the split, as in the first case.

It is important to take into account that a thick stock and bark will be thicker than that of a grafted cuttings, so the layers of cambium must be combined. The inoculation is tightly wrapped with electrical tape, as described earlier, and the open sections are covered with garden varnish.

Often, such a grafting helps to save a dying tree with an injured aerial part.

When grafting two cuttings into the split, it is important to combine the outer edges of the rootstock and the scion

What is grafted on cherry plum

As a stock, cherry plum is the most suitable crop for stone fruits. Most cuttings grafted onto this tree take root well and produce sweet and tasty fruits afterwards.

Most often in central Russia, plums, cherries, cherries and apricots are grafted onto cherry plum.

In the southern regions, peach and nectarine are added to all these crops, although peach and almond are the best rootstocks for them, but cherry plum is also a good option.

An apricot grafted onto cherry plum increases endurance and improves the quality of the fruit.

Grafting on wild cherry plum will add endurance and frost resistance to cherries, plums and apricots, but cherry plum growth will appear below the grafting - this is perhaps the only negative. Apricot, regardless of the rootstock chosen, takes root worse than other crops, therefore, such a cutting should be grafted especially carefully and carefully.

Video: grafting plum on cherry plum

For a long time it seemed to me that planting trees was the lot of experienced gardeners and I could not cope with such a task. So I didn't even try to do it. But it so happened that out of several apple trees planted in my garden, one survived, and the most useless one - a winter variety and the fruits on it were, one might say, inedible.

And then, whether you like it or not, I had to master the grafting - the tree is good, strong, and it also takes up enough space. After reading the literature about different methods, I chose something simpler for myself - cleft inoculation. To begin with, I decided to practice on the branches of grapes - there are a lot of them left after pruning. At first, it was not even possible to make an oblique cut.

The main thing here is a knife, comfortable and very sharp. When I got the right tool, things got more fun. I planted three different varieties on this apple tree and they all took root. She did not harvest cuttings for the winter, but took them from neighbors in the spring and immediately grafted them. It turned out that everything is possible.

One subtlety that experienced gardeners told me about is that in no case should you touch the cuttings of the rootstock and scion with your hands. Vaccination is an operation, so sterility during the procedure should be like in an operating room. After that, I experimented with both plums and cherry plums - most of the vaccinations took root, although not without losses.

Now, when my hand has already filled, the next in turn is an apricot - I will try to plant Ussuri and felt cherries on the plum. I think everything will work out.

Vaccination is challenging but fun for the gardener. Perhaps not everything will work out the first time, but skill will come with experience and knowledge. The main thing is to start and not be afraid to experiment. Having failed - try again, apply different methods and once, growing apricots on cherry plum, or cherries on plums, you will feel like a gardener of a new level.


Testimonials

On the results of last year's grafting of apricot cuttings "in split" on the plum. The size of the growth is from 50 to 70 cm (flower buds are laid on the grafts). I planted an apricot for the first time. Vaccination sites are marked with strapping. I planted it in the crown or on a bole above 50 cm from the soil (a lot of snow in winter).

Apricot cuttings grafted onto a plum have grown by 50–70 cm

Andrey_VLD

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?p=634457#p634457

It is better to plant the apricot on the so-called thorny plant. But in this case, the likelihood of overgrowth is very high. To reduce its formation, it is necessary to graft as low as possible, next to the root collar of the rootstock.

Olya

http://greenforum.com.ua/archive/index.php/t-61.html

Plum rootstocks for apricot are not so simple. In January, I made two winter vaccinations of Northern Triumph and Kompotny. All of them moved in the same way in growth, but both of the compote plants suddenly dried up with a shoot length of 10–12 cm. And ST are still alive. I asked R.G. Nozdracheva. The answer was "INCOMPATIBLE WITH ROOT."

Shl. I will beg for apricot-shaped seeds (I forgot the name) for growing rootstocks.

Zener

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?p=587776#p587776

I planted apricot on a plum 2 years ago. I took cuttings from my old apricots (my father planted them). I don’t know the variety, but the whole family likes apricots. Large, sweet, hanging well from the tree while ripe. We decided not to tempt fate, but to grow what we like.

I grafted into the split into plum shoots with a diameter of about a centimeter. I vaccinated in the spring, after a couple of months I unwound the electrical tape, took root well. This year the first berries have grown - you cannot distinguish from the parent ones. The family is happy!

Sergey999

I want to share my first vaccination experience. I planted 10 apricot cuttings by Nikitsky red-cheeked last spring. Cut the cuttings in advance in the fall. Grafted by copulation on plum shoots. A year has passed - ten out of ten have taken root! In the fall I will distribute to friends and neighbors)) I will plant two at my place.

Nikitos

Grafting of apricot on a plum stock in spring gives positive results, high survival rate. The seedlings are of excellent quality, winter-hardy, healthy. The vaccination process using the described methods is simple and can be performed by novice gardeners.


Watch the video: How To Grow, Care and Harvesting Plum Trees in Backyard - growing fruits


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