Video about Kalanchoe - care, watering, temperature, lighting, types


About plants Published: 23 April 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Each plant has its own requirements for keeping conditions and care, and the better we fulfill the whims of our plants, the healthier and more attractive their appearance and the more abundant flowering. For example, what you need to know about indoor Kalanchoe:

  • which types of plants are medicinal and which are decorative;
  • what temperature Kalanchoe prefers in summer and what in winter;
  • what kind of lighting he needs;
  • how often and how abundantly the Kalanchoe needs to be watered;
  • whether the plant needs spraying of the leaves;
  • how often it needs a transplant;
  • How often should fertilizing be applied?

You will find answers to all these questions in our article.

Kalanchoe care video

Types of indoor Kalanchoe

Many of you are convinced that the blooming Kalanchoe has healing properties, but is this statement true?

Kalanchoe is a representative of the Tolstyankovye family, which not only attracts with its beauty, but also serves as a subject of controversy among flower growers. In fact, the unpresentable type of Kalanchoe Degremon has healing properties, the juice of which is used to treat a runny nose, and the flowering Kalanchoe is used exclusively for decorating the room.

The small succulent leaves of the flowering Kalanchoe are reliable and durable, and the lush inflorescences give the plant an elegant look, and this feeling of celebration becomes even stronger if the Kalanchoe blooms in winter. But in order for the plant to bloom, it is necessary to provide the Kalanchoe with proper care, and this is very simple to do.

Kalanchoe care

Top dressing

In order for the Kalanchoe to bloom profusely, it must be fed with complex fertilizer throughout the fall. Try not to exceed the dosage recommended by fertilizer manufacturers, otherwise the plant will only grow green mass, and will not bloom.

In late autumn and winter, Kalanchoe will require fertilizers with a high potassium content, which must be applied to the substrate once every two to three weeks. And in spring and summer, the plant should be fed once a week with a complex fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.

Lighting

It is better to place the pot with the plant as far from the heating devices as possible, but closer to the light source. If there is poor lighting in the room, you will have to arrange an additional light source for the plant.

Watering and humidity

Kalanchoe should be watered exclusively in the pan after the topsoil has dried. Excessive watering provokes root rot. Kalanchoe is indifferent to air humidity, therefore, it is not necessary to spray it. For hygienic purposes, it is enough to wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.

Pruning and replanting

After flowering is complete, and this happens in March or April, the shoots of the Kalanchoe must be cut to half the length. In summer, the plant will again grow green mass.

Kalanchoe does not need spacious dishes. The plant is transplanted as it grows into a container, which is 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one.

Temperature

In winter, the temperature in the Kalanchoe room should be between 16-20 ⁰C. Higher temperatures can cause the plant to lose its foliage, stretch and expose its shoots, and dry out the buds. You can correct the situation by moving the pot from the Kalanchoe to the insulated balcony. In summer, the plant can easily withstand temperatures up to 30 ⁰C.

Kalanchoe is unpretentious, so it can be recommended for growing both to novice growers, and even to children.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Fat family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information
  6. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Ornamental deciduous Crassula succulents Medicinal plants on K Video


Kalanchoe

KALANCHOE (Latin Kalanchoe) is a genus of succulent plants of the Crassulaceae family. More than 200 species are known that grow in the tropics of South America, South Africa, South and Southeast Asia. Many types of Kalanchoe are actively used in indoor floriculture, since they are unpretentious in care, and also have healing properties.

The genus Kalanchoe is a perennial herb or shrub with succulent, fleshy stems and leaves. No wonder the Latin name "Kalanchoe" comes from the word "fat". Even if the soil is completely dry, the plant will continue to grow painlessly, feeding on moisture from the air.

A large number of domestic Kalanchoe species are found in culture, which can be conditionally divided into three large groups: flowering, decorative deciduous and viviparous (bryophyllums). In some countries, viviparous species have received numerous popular names. In the USA, for example, the plant is called "Mexican hat", and in Sweden - "mother of a thousand daughters." "Mature" daughters fall off, take root easily and grow quickly.

The species of the genus are sometimes divided into two sections Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe.

Bryophyllum (Bryophyllum Salisb.)
Our most famous species is called Bryophyllum daigremontianum. He is often called by his name: Kalanchoe, already of Chinese origin. Bryophyllum Salisb. include in synonymy of the genus Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe).

KALANCHOE PERISTOUS (Kalanchoe pinnata)
Kalanchoe pinnate, which is popularly called "maozedongchik", "indoor ginseng" or "doctor", Kalanchoe Degremona, has become widespread in room culture. It is a large plant, reaching a height of 1 m, with fleshy oblong leaves adorned with numerous daughter plants along the edges. Over time, they fall off, rooting in the soil, so there are no problems with reproduction. The stem is strong, erect, the leaves are opposite, fleshy: the lower ones are simple, oval, with a crenate edge, the upper ones are odd-pinnate or divided into 3-5 lobes.

KALANCHOE DEGREMONA (lat.Kalanchoe daigremontiana)
Often it is called by another name - Bryophyllum daigremontianum. It is a short plant, reaching a height of 50 cm. Leaves up to 20 cm long, narrow ovate or narrow triangular, fleshy, grayish green, with purple spots below, sometimes folded along the main vein. The edges are serrated, brood buds are formed between the teeth, from which daughter plants, equipped with roots, develop directly on the mother plant. Falling down, they immediately take root. Homeland - Madagascar. In European culture since 1925

Distinctive features of "indoor ginseng" in comparison with Kalanchoe pinnate are the abundant formation of "air babies" from brood leaf buds, giving leaves with roots. The stem of the Kalanchoe Degremon is relatively lower, uneven, often creeping, requiring support. The leaf blades are more toothed, oblong pointed, and have a much darker color in comparison with the pinnate Kalanchoe.

The extraordinary activity for vegetative reproduction with the help of children, humiliating the edges of the leaves, at one time amazed the great German poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe. He was amazed at the enormous wastefulness with which the mother creates hundreds of new lives in the form of her own kind of tiny "children". In letters to his friends, Goethe wrote about the Kalanchoe: "Just as from one leaf, countless new shoots arise, so from one constant love you can draw all new and new happiness." In memory of the great poet, Kalanchoe is called "Goethe's tree" or "Goethe's flower".

In order for the Kalanchoe Degremona to form children, it must be kept, on the contrary (unlike the flowering one), with a long daylight hours and in the autumn-winter time, to supplement it.

KALANCHOE BLOSSFELD (lat.Kalanchoe blossfeldiana)
This is a short plant (up to 30 cm tall) with weakly branched stems. The leaves are large enough (up to 7 cm long, up to 4 cm wide), ovate, glabrous, crenate at the edges, green, with a reddish border along the edge. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana blooms, starting in February for several months with small (about 1 cm in diameter) reddish flowers, collected in complex multi-flowered inflorescences. Forms with pink, yellow, orange flowers were also bred. Homeland - Madagascar.

In order for the blooming Kalanchoe to bloom more abundantly and longer, in winter they need to create a short day regime for 2-2.5 months, they should be shaded for 12-15 hours - covered with an opaque material or a cardboard box, or a plastic bucket.


Hatiora care at home

Location and lighting

This type of cactus does not like direct sunlight, but it does like light. The best option would be to organize diffused lighting. The flower can be placed on windows facing north, but this will affect flowering. In warm weather, the hatiora can be placed on the balcony, taking care of the correct lighting.

Temperature

The temperature regime of the hatiora should be monitored very carefully. This type of cactus painfully tolerates sharp temperature fluctuations. For each season, you should create your own conditions. In the summer, the temperature should be maintained at 22-27 degrees, in the winter from 7 to 13 degrees.

The dormant period for the flower begins at the end of September-October. At this time, the temperature should be maintained in the range of 12 to 16 degrees with a complete refusal of watering.

Air humidity

Since the plant came to us from the humid tropics, the air humidity must also be kept high. The plant needs to be hydrated daily, especially during hot periods. Hatior also tolerates dry air well, but such a content will not be good for the plant. In winter, spraying can be omitted. Care should be taken when spraying a cactus during a dormant period.

Watering

Hatiora is a fairly moisture-loving plant, therefore it requires constant attention in terms of watering. For abundant soil moisture, it is necessary to use warm boiled or settled water. But, most importantly, do not overdo it, otherwise the roots of the cactus will begin to rot. Watering should be increased in the summer, when the plant grows, and weakened in the autumn-winter period. The soil in the pot should be moist, but not "flooded".

The soil

Since the root system of this plant is poorly developed, small pots should be chosen for planting. It is necessary to take care of the drainage layer, which may consist of pebbles or expanded clay. The potting mix should be organic-rich and fairly breathable. For optimal growth and development of the hatiory, you can use the following soil mixture: leaf and drained soil, sand and humus in a certain ratio.

Top dressing and fertilizers

The frequency of feeding is influenced by the growth phase of the plant. During the growth and flowering period, fertilizer should be applied every two weeks. During the growth of the cactus, it is best to use a nitrogen-based feed. During the flowering period, it is better to use potassium-based fertilizers. During rest, fertilization of the soil should be abandoned altogether.

Transfer

For transplanting, use the time when the flower has already faded. In this case, it is imperative to clean the roots from the old soil. The frequency of transplanting depends on the age of the plant. Young shoots are planted every year, choosing looser pots. When a flower reaches the age of three, it is transplanted every 2-3 years, large specimens - every 4-5 years.


How to care for a medicinal plant?

Lighting and temperature

An important condition for maintenance is the lighting regime and the supply of fresh air. In winter, the plant will feel great on the southern and southeastern windows. In summer, it is better to adjust the illumination mode based on your geographic location.

And if residents of central Russia and northern latitudes can leave Kalanchoe all on the same windows, with a maximum shade of it, then those living in southern latitudes with the blazing midday sun and heat are still recommended to rearrange the plants on other windows, or provide partial shade on the southern windows otherwise, brown spots from sunburn may appear on the leaves.

In addition, the plant responds very gratefully to airing or, if possible, transferring it to the summer cottage.

The temperature regime is also seasonal: in summer, the optimum temperature for a plant is 25-27 degrees, while in winter it is better to provide coolness for Kalanchoe by removing it from heating devices - about 15 degrees.

Watering mode

Kalanchoe is an undemanding plant that easily tolerates even drought. But for its better development, it is recommended to provide the following regime: in the summer, watering is moderate, as the earthy coma dries up. It is important not to allow excessive watering and stagnation of water in a pot or pan, otherwise the root system of the plant may begin to rot, which in the future is fraught with the death of the plant.

Watering is carried out with settled tap water at room temperature. With the onset of autumn, watering is reduced, gradually transferring the plant to a very rare one (light moisture once a month) in winter. Nevertheless, it is better not to allow the earthen coma to completely dry out, otherwise Kalanchoe may shed its leaves.

Fertilizing and feeding

In the spring-summer period, Kalanchoe Degremona is fed with a complex mineral fertilizer for succulents or cacti once every 4 weeks. With the onset of autumn, feeding is stopped altogether.

Bloom

If all these conditions are met, Kalanchoe bloom can be achieved. And although it is not very picturesque, due to the rarity of this process at home, it is of interest. It happens like this: the plant throws out a long vertical arrow (sometimes weakly branching), on which large (up to 2.5 cm in length) bell-shaped flowers of pink or even reddish color are formed.

Flowering usually occurs in winter and takes a lot of energy from the plant, therefore, contrary to the rules about the absence of winter feeding, at the end of flowering

Rejuvenation and pruning

Even under ideal conditions, Kalanchoe Degremon grows rather quickly, and therefore needs to be rejuvenated. This is absolutely easy to do:

  • Petioles (When growing on bare stems, additional roots are often formed, but even without them Kalanchoe easily takes root, it is enough to deepen the section of the stem into the soil.)
  • Daughter plants. We have already talked about the "viviparous" properties of Kalanchoe, when small rosettes with 2-3 pairs of leaves and small roots are formed from brood buds. They are easily detached from the "parent" leaf and, when placed on a wet substrate, take root well. Because of this, Kalanchoe can even become a weed for nearby plants.
  • Seedsformed after the flowering of the plant. But this is perhaps the longest way to rejuvenate this plant. In the literature, there are also recommendations for pruning or pinching to improve the appearance of the plant. To do this, it is enough to remove the upper pair of leaves with your nails or shorten the elongated "twig" with scissors. With this method of rejuvenation, Kalanchoe remains in the same pot, therefore regular plant transplantation is also recommended. It is usually produced in early spring, especially when the root system grows and fills the entire volume of the pot.
    1. To do this, take a slightly larger pot, approximately 2 cm larger than the diameter of the old pot.Carefully remove the plant from the pot and clean the root system of the old soil, simultaneously removing dead, dry or rotting roots. After that, the plant is planted in a new pot, half filled with drainage and soil, and carefully fill the root system to full volume, not forgetting to water and tamp the soil a little from the sides.
    2. However, the above method is quite traumatic for the delicate thin roots of Kalanchoe Degremon, therefore, it is better to give preference to transshipment, in which the plant is placed in a larger pot along with an old clod, filling the remaining volume with fresh earth.
    3. Or (even less labor-intensive method) if the root system is small, but the soil is already depleted, the top layer of soil is carefully removed and this volume is filled with fresh soil.

From the video you will learn about the breeding methods of the Kalanchoe Degremon:

We told you about the cultivation of the medicinal Kalanchoe, popularly called "Indoor ginseng", "The tree of life". We hope that with our advice your pet will delight you with a healthy look for a long time and help you with the healing properties of leaf juice!

  • Plant type: succulent.
  • Leaf color: dark green above, light green below with purple strokes.
  • The need for the sun: sun, partial shade.
  • Size: medium.
  • Blossoming: in winter.
  • Flowers: pink to red, bells.


Features of the transplant (including after purchase)

During the first three years, Kalanchoe needs to be replanted every spring. Flowers that have just been purchased are an exception; they should be moved to new soil immediately after purchase. The fact is that the plants come to the store in a substrate, consisting mostly of peat. Such a mixture is completely unsuitable for Kalandiva.

Adult flowers are transplanted every 3-4 years.

The new pot for a young Kalanchoe should be slightly larger than the previous one. Better to use ceramic unglazed containers. Before use, old pots should be thoroughly washed with laundry soap and dried.

It is better to choose a ready-made soil mixture for Kalandiva - the soil is optimal for succulents. Experienced growers independently make a substrate from peat, turf and sand (4: 2: 1). For each kilogram of such a composition, it is supposed to add 10 g of superphosphate.

  1. Place drainage in the form of expanded clay, small stones or clay shards at the bottom of the pot.
  2. Fill and compact a small layer of earth, form a tubercle in the center.
  3. Free the Kalandiva roots from the old soil. To do this, turn the pot over, wrap your fingers around the stem and tap lightly on the sides of the container. Use a stick to remove the remaining substrate from the root system.
  4. Place the flower in a new pot, spread the roots evenly over the earthen tubercle.
  5. Fill the free space with soil and compact it lightly.

It is recommended to moisten the soil in a pot with Kalanchoe a day before transplanting.

Video: How to transplant Kalanchoe?


4 Transfer

For comfortable growth, blooming Kalanchoe needs to be transplanted. This is due to the rapidly growing root system. It is best to do this in April-May, when the plant has days of active growth. The main thing is that the duration of daylight hours is more than 12 hours. If this is not possible, then use additional lighting.

When transplanting at home, the new pot should be slightly wider than the previous one. But the composition of the earth should be the same. Remove the flower from the container carefully so as not to damage the earthen lump. You can add fresh cuttings to the bush, the main thing is that in the future the overgrown plants have enough space in the flowerpot. And if the neighbors in the pot are of different colors, then a charming bouquet can turn out.

Blooming Kalanchoe is not very picky about the quality of the soil, it will be good both in loose and dense soil. But if sand is present in it, then the flower will be grateful to you. It is advisable to disinfect the soil before using it when preparing the soil at home.


First steps after purchase

Before being placed in a flower collection, the purchased Kalanchoe should be inspected to identify damage by ticks, harmful insects and pathogens. Instances infected with them should be treated immediately.

ON THE PICTURE: Such a plant should not be immediately put into a home collection. Yellowing, browning, or drying of leaves can be caused by a dangerous bacterial infection.

It is recommended to quarantine for several days, preventive treatment of the plant with Fitoverm insecticide and Fitosporin-M fungicide.


Kalanchoe. Care and cultivation. Views. Beneficial features.

Kalanchoe - is a representative of the Tolstyankovy family. This genus unites more than 200 different species, while it is represented by shrubs, succulents and herbaceous perennials. In nature, this plant can be found in the tropical regions of Asia, Australia and America. Foliage may vary from species to species. As a rule, the leaves are thick, they are sessile or have petioles, and they can also be weakly or strongly dissected. During flowering, an umbrella is formed, which includes flowers of white, purple, red or yellow color. Almost all types of this plant grow well at home, unless of course the florist adheres to the rules of caring for the crop.

The content of the article

  1. Kalanchoe care at home
  2. Reproduction methods
  3. Kalanchoe species
  4. Diseases and pests
  5. The main problems in growing
  6. Useful properties of Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe care at home

The plant, also known as Home Doctor, Home Ginseng and Tree of Life, is very common in our homes. All the popular names of Kalanchoe are more than justified and accurate: the sap of the plant has healing properties and is widely used in medicine.

This wonderful plant is so not picky and hardy that it can adapt to almost all growing conditions and forgive its owner for many care mistakes, up to and including his absence. Kalanchoe can be diluted by any novice florist, as well as all those who are not distinguished by discipline in caring for plants. However, this does not mean that the plant does not need attention at all. Care is needed, and if there is one, the Kalanchoe will delight not only with its benefits, but also decorate your home.

Kalanchoe is not demanding on light. In summer, the flower will be comfortable on the western and eastern windows. In winter, southern ones are preferable. If the plants are in bright sunlight, they can get burned. Therefore, in the summer it needs to be shaded. With a lack of light, the Household Doctor stretches out, his flowers become small and inconspicuous.

A prerequisite for flowering Kalanchoe is 12 hours of daylight. If you are interested in a regular and abundant flowering of the plant, then take care of this condition by shading the plant in summer and increasing, with the help of artificial lighting, the length of light in autumn and winter.

Temperature

Kalanchoe can grow well at almost any air temperature. But you should not go to extremes! In summer, temperatures can vary from 18 to 28 degrees, and in winter - from 14 to 18 degrees. If the temperature in the room drops to 10 degrees (and below), then the plant can get sick and die. During cold wintering (14-18 degrees) flower buds are laid.

Kalanchoe is "indifferent" to air humidity. It feels great in a warm room with dry air. Easily tolerates high humidity at low, for him, temperatures. Light spraying won't hurt it, however. It is used for hygienic purposes. After spraying, the Kalanchoe leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or sponge.

The "tree of life", despite the fact that it is a succulent, needs to be watered regularly. The watering regime of the plant is determined by the air temperature, size and condition of the plant. In summer, in dry and hot weather, not only regular, but also abundant watering is required.

In a shaded room, Kalanchoe is watered moderately, every 2-3 days, focusing on the condition of the soil. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum.

Kalanchoe quite easily tolerates a lack of moisture, but is very sensitive to waterlogging.

Any soil is suitable for growing Kalanchoe, for example for succulents, which can be purchased at any flower shop. If desired, the soil mixture can be made independently, taking in equal parts leaf and turf soil, peat and sand. It is advisable to add charcoal or perlite to the mixture. There should be drainage at the bottom of the pot.

"Homemade ginseng" gratefully responds to feeding, which is carried out with any fertilizer for cacti. The optimal feeding scheme has also been developed empirically: once every 2 weeks, starting from the second half of May until mid-July. Top dressing is resumed in late autumn, coinciding with the period of flower bud formation.

Since most of the Kalanchoe species discard old leaf plates, such shoots can, if desired, be cut off and planted in the same or in an individual container. And in other species, the stems may fall over the edge of the planting container, in this case you can also cut them off and plant next to them, but you can not touch them.

In order for the Kalanchoe to please you with lush flowering, the duration of daylight hours in spring and summer should be no more than 10-12 hours. However, the lighting must be very bright. In some species, flowers can be cut off and placed in a vase of water, where they can stand for a relatively long time. After flowering is over, some of the shoots can be cut off to form a neat bush. If necessary, the cut stems can be rooted.

Kalanchoe is transplanted only when it grows strongly and it becomes cramped in the pot. At the bottom of the planting tank, a good drainage layer must be made from small pieces of brick or expanded clay. This will avoid stagnation of water in the substrate. For transplanting young bushes, a soil mixture is suitable, which includes peat, sand, deciduous and sod soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 4. If you wish, you can buy a ready-made substrate for succulents in the store. When transplanting an epiphytic Kalanchoe into the soil mixture, it is recommended to pour a small amount of humus.

Reproduction methods

Kalanchoe reproduces very simply, sometimes it happens with minimal human participation. It is enough for a child or leaf to break away from the plant and fall to the soil, it has every chance to grow on its own.

Reproduction by children

Answering the question of how the Kalanchoe reproduces by brood leaf buds (children), it should be noted that not all species of this succulent have them. Small daughter plants are formed on the leaves of the "viviparous" Kalanchoe. Other varieties of this flower do not form them. Kalanchoe babies have several leaves and roots. Adult succulents often shed their brood buds on their own, which take root at the base of the mother plant. They can be planted in separate pots with a fertile substrate. Fully formed offspring are gently broken off from an adult leaf and a little buried in the prepared substrate.

Reproduction by leaf plates

Reproduction of Kalanchoe leaves is carried out at any time of the year. To do this, cut off an adult leaf and plant it in a pot with a well-moistened fertile substrate. Cover the leaf with a glass or jar. After a few days, the leaf takes root and a full-fledged plant is soon formed from it. For reproduction, parts of the leaf blade buried in the soil are often used. Young plants also develop rapidly from them.

Propagation by cuttings

Kalanchoe, which can be propagated by cuttings during the formation of a bush or plant transplant, takes root in moist soil in just 2 weeks. For cuttings, strong shoots are chosen. They can be of any length, but it is best to shorten them to 6-8 cm. Most often, shoot tips are used for this, which are soft and juicy tissues. They are cut and planted in a moist fertile substrate or placed in a glass of water until roots appear. Young plants obtained from cuttings form a neat bush and are easy to form.

Reproduction by offspring

Kalanchoe is sometimes propagated by the offspring of an adult plant. To stimulate their development, pinch the tops of the stems after the succulent has faded. After that, young offspring grow next to the mother plant, which they use for reproduction. When they reach 1/3 of the height of an adult plant, they are carefully separated from it, taking care not to damage the roots. The offspring are planted in pots with a peat-sandy substrate. Such shoots quickly take root and grow.

Propagation by axillary buds

Some types of Kalanchoe differ in that after flowering and leaf fall, buds of new shoots appear in place of the leaf sinuses, in appearance resembling cabbage heads. When they have a trunk of 1-2 cm, they are carefully cut off with a blade, and planted in a substrate containing a large amount of sand. After about a week, the axillary buds take root and grow actively.

Seed propagation

Kalanchoe, which is most often reproduced at home in early spring, can also be obtained from seeds. They are distinguished by good germination. Well-drained fertile soil is prepared before sowing. The temperature in the room intended for seed germination should not fall below 20 ° C. The seed is spread evenly over the wet soil surface. Then they are pressed down with a finger. The pot or box with seeds is covered with glass or foil.

Periodically, the glass or film is removed to ventilate the crops. Water them with a spray bottle with water at room temperature. Not the slightest drying out of the substrate should be allowed. The glass or film is removed after germination. Slightly grown seedlings dive, removing the weakest specimens. Young succulents are transplanted into pots filled with substrate.

Kalanchoe species

The Kalanchoe genus has about 20 species. Many of the plants are grown at home. The most popular are:

Kalanchoe Benta

The homeland of this species is the Arabian Peninsula. Its representatives are powerful semi-shrubs, the height of which is about 100 cm. Thick leaf plates reach about 50 cm in length, they grow in 6 pairs and have a rounded shape. During flowering, an umbrella-shaped inflorescence is formed, consisting of white flowers. Flowering is observed in the second half of the spring. This species grows very well in a cool place.

Kalanchoe Bekharskoe

In nature, the species is found in the southern part of Madagascar, its representatives are shrubs. In bushes, the lower parts of the stems become bare over time. The surface of the leaf plates is covered with hairs, and their edge can be slightly serrated or solid. There is also pubescence on the surface of the flowers, their length is slightly less than 1 centimeter.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld

Originally view from the island of Madagascar. Its representatives are low erect shrubs, the height of which is about 0.3 m. The shape of green bare leaf plates with a red edge is ovoid, their width is about 40 mm, and their length is up to 70 mm. Umbrellas are composed of erect red flowers. Thanks to breeders, forms were born, the flowers of which are painted in yellow, pink, orange, white and other colors.

Kalanchoe felt

The homeland of such a plant is Madagascar, its representatives are shrubs. There is pubescence on the surface of erect stems.The shape of the entire sessile leaf plates is elongated-ovoid, their width is about 15 mm, and their length is up to 60 mm. Umbrellas are made up of small flowers.

Kalanchoe Degremona

In nature, the species is found in Madagascar. The height of such a herbaceous perennial plant is about 50 cm. The foliage is variegated from top to bottom. The upper part of the leaf plate has a greenish-gray color, its shape is elongated-elliptical, it is naked about 10 centimeters long with an uneven edge. On the surface of the foliage, there are many spots of purple color. During flowering, a panicle-shaped inflorescence is formed. The length of the corolla tube of the flower is about 15 mm, and of the rose petals - up to 5 mm. The species blooms in the winter.

Kalanchoe large-flowered

Or marble Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe marmorata). The native land of the species is India, it is represented by dwarf shrubs, which can reach a height of slightly more than 50 cm. Large-toothed short-peted green leaf plates can eventually turn pale red if direct sunlight falls on the bush. During flowering, umbrellas are formed, consisting of yellowish flowers with a pleasant smell. Blooming is observed in May.

Kalanchoe Mangina

This ampelous appearance has a lot of similarities with Blossfeld's Kalanchoe. However, its flowers are larger, and they are not erect, but hanging. Flowering is usually observed in the spring.

Kalanchoe paniculata

The height of such a herbaceous perennial plant is about 0.6 m. The shape of the silvery-white leaf plates is ovoid, they taper towards the base, their width is about 70 mm, and their length is up to 15 centimeters. At the base of the bush, the foliage grows very densely, the closer to the top, the less frequent and smaller the leaf plates. Flowering is observed in the last spring weeks, the length of the yellow flowers is about 15 mm, the petals reach 5 mm in diameter. At the end of flowering, children are formed, with which the species can be very easily propagated.

Kalanchoe marble

Either large-flowered Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe grandiflora), or Somali Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe somaliensis). The view can be found in the mountains of Ethiopia. It is represented by semi-shrubs, reaching a height of about 50 cm. The green foliage eventually changes its color to gray, on its surface there are specks of brown or lilac color. The leaf plates have an ovoid shape, they taper towards the base, there are notches at the edge. Umbrellas consist of white flowers. The corolla tube is about 80 mm long; the petals are in the shape of an elongated egg.

Kalanchoe pinnate

This view comes from Madagascar. This herbaceous perennial plant reaches a height of about 100 cm. The lower leaf plates are simple, as a rule, have a heart-shaped base and ovoid, and the other leaves are pinnate, consisting of 3-5 leaflets. All leaves are green. The corolla tube is greenish-white, while the petals are pale red.

Kalanchoe fiery

Or glaucous Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe glaucescens). Originally view from Somalia. The height of such a herbaceous perennial plant is about 0.4 m. The egg-shaped leaf plates taper towards the base, and at the top they have a broadly rounded shape, their length is about 80 mm, and their width is up to 30 mm, the edge is jagged. Umbrellas consist of deep red or bright orange flowers. The corolla tube is slightly widened; the petals reach 20 mm in diameter.

Kalanchoe tubular

In nature, the species can be found in Madagascar. It is represented by tall herbaceous perennial plants or shrubs, whose height is about 0.7 m. The narrow grayish-green leaf plates are about 12 centimeters long, there are many brown spots on their surface. The length of the red tube of the corolla is about 25 mm.

Kalanchoe dissected

It is a herbaceous perennial plant native to Africa. Over time, the fleshy stems become bare and lean towards the soil surface. The greenish fleshy and dense leaf plates are covered with a waxy coating, they are strongly dissected, their edge is serrated. The tubular flowers are orange-yellow in color.

Diseases and pests

The main reason for the appearance of Kalanchoe disease is improper care and poor conditions for the plant. Spots, mold, plaque, small organisms, etc. may appear on the leaves and stems. You may not even suspect why Kalanchoe leaves fall off. What leaf diseases do Kalanchoe have and what else can cause improper care, we will consider in more detail.

The disease is also called late blight rot. You can find the main signs of this disease when there are brown spots or brown bloom on the Kalanchoe. This is caused by poor ventilation and excess water in the soil. In this case, it is necessary to revise the frequency of watering, carefully select fertilizers and carry out preventive procedures, treating Kalanchoe with fungicides for a high-quality and quick elimination of the disease.

Powdery mildew

The first signs of powdery mildew appear in the characteristic white spots with a fungal bloom. This disease is associated with excessively warm and dry indoor air. That is why Kalanchoe sheds its leaves. Powdery mildew is a sign that the flower needs to be watered more often and transferred to a cool place. When powdery mildew appears on the Kalanchoe, then the treatment is recommended to be carried out by spraying with fungicides. If you react quickly, the health of the flower will be restored.

Annular leaf spot

When the stem of the Kalanchoe rots and spots appear on the leaves in the form of a circle, this is a dangerous sign for the plant. Unfortunately, the already affected flower begins to die and it is impossible to save it.

One of the most dangerous enemies. These are small greenish-black sucking insects that cover the leaves first from the underside. Gradually, the entire plant is covered with a pest. The leaves begin to brighten, become sticky. This is due to the fact that the aphid secretes a poisonous substance, the respiration of the leaves is disturbed, the plant may die. Aphids are also taken into flower buds, they do not bloom and fall off.

Leaves affected by aphids are cut off and burned. Healthier parts are treated with insecticide. Laundry soap is a good aid. Surfaces are washed with its solution before poisoning. But it will not be possible to destroy aphids in one go. The treatment is carried out 4 times at weekly intervals.

Mealybug

The mealybug is a white sucking insect. You can see it with the naked eye. When asked why Kalanchoe leaves dry, one can answer that the plant is affected by a worm. It covers the leaves with a waxy coating, the entire aerial part, multiplies at a tremendous speed. A sooty fungus settles on the secretions of the scale insects. Kalanchoe affected by the worm dries up and does not develop.

The main problems in growing

Why does Kalanchoe turn yellow and what to do about it? This usually happens after flowering. The stem is pulled out and exposed from below. This is a sign of exhaustion. We need new soil and intensive feeding. Transplant the plant into a new substrate. After transplanting, feed him with Zircon solution. Why do Kalanchoe leaves often turn yellow and dry from the tips? This is primarily due to a lack of boron and you need to feed the flower with fertilizer with a high content of this substance.

Why do Kalanchoe leaves curl? In Kalanchoe, leaves curl most likely due to damage to the root system. The reason for this is excess water. Remove the plant from the pot and examine the roots.

Damage must be cut out, the healthy part must be washed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Then treat the cuts with charcoal powder and plant the remaining portion in fresh soil. Why do Kalanchoe leaves curl? If the leaves curl and at the same time change color to burgundy, it means that the plant is in a place that is too lighted, direct rays fall on it for a long time during the day. In this case, shade the flower and spray it during the day.

Why does Kalanchoe shed its leaves? Kalanchoe leaves fall due to improper maintenance in winter. This happens when the flower is kept in a stuffy room, next to heating radiators. If you notice this, move it to a colder room. It is desirable that the temperature in it be no higher than 15 degrees. In this case, the winter will pass without losses. So why do Kalanchoe leaves fall and what to do? Another reason for this may be the coolness, which is not combined with moisture - mold or black spots appear on the leaves. It's a fungus. Fungicides will help to destroy it.

What to do if the Kalanchoe withers? Why does the plant have soft leaves? The reason depends on the age of the plant.

If it is young, then such signs indicate a lack of water. But this is not necessarily related to quantity. If the root has rotted, then moisture does not enter the leaves, but accumulates in the soil. This can be the case with irregular watering. If the ground dries out too much, and then watered abundantly, then the plant can also wilt. Watering should be done when it dries, not when it dries out. In an adult Kalanchoe, leaves wither due to aging. Rejuvenate him. Separate the cuttings and replant.

If the leaves of the Kalanchoe turn black, this signals the presence of a fungus. This comes from an excess of moisture, the soil does not dry out and its aeration is impaired. Change the soil, increase its looseness by adding sand. Adjust the watering in the future and then the leaves of the Kalanchoe will not turn black.

Kalanchoe covered with white bloom due to the fact that the water for irrigation is too hard. It contains salts and lime impurities. It needs to be softened: defended, filtered. A good remedy is freezing and subsequent thawing. For softening, once a month, you can add citric acid to it at the tip of a knife per liter. You can add 3% vinegar - 1 teaspoon per liter. The liquid with the acid is defended for two days so that all the salts settle, then they are drained and used for irrigation.

Kalanchoe does not bloom and stretches upwards. A feature of the Kalanchoe is abundant flowering in the first year of life. So why then does the flower grow up and not bloom? After the initial flowering, it enters a dormant phase. It begins to stretch up and does not bloom, accumulates leaves. To make it take on new buds, you need to form a bush. Cut off the tops and root them. You will receive new plants, and old specimens will begin to accumulate strength for budding. What if the Kalanchoe is stretched out? Remove a couple of top leaves from such shoots. After that, new shoots will grow on them. Do this until your flower becomes a lush, rounded bush. To stimulate flowering, they also undertake a reduction in daylight hours to 12 hours. Remove the Kalanchoe in a dark place at 7 pm, and put it back into the light at 7 am.

Leaves become shallow and dull due to lack of light. Kalanchoe needs bright light as long as possible during the day. We do not recommend keeping it away from the window or on the north windows. Also, the size is affected by the sufficiency of nutrients, so the plant needs to be fed regularly. This is especially necessary during the period of budding and flowering, since at this time he needs a lot of strength. Feed every 14 days.

Useful properties of Kalanchoe

The healing properties of Kalanchoe:

  • antibacterial action
  • healing effect
  • speeds up metabolism
  • improves the functioning of the gallbladder
  • bactericidal and bacteriostatic action
  • anti-inflammatory effect
  • cleans wounds
  • lowers cholesterol levels.

It is also important to note that Kalanchoe is an excellent hemostatic agent.

Kalanchoe juice has the greatest medicinal properties. The juice has a faint and slightly unpleasant odor and a yellow-orange color. Usually juice is used for external treatment, as well as found wide application in cosmetology / medicine. For example, it is often used to make various creams, ointments and other products to improve and heal the skin.

People use Kalanchoe juice without adding any other substances. For use, it is necessary to squeeze out the juice contained in the foliage and apply it to the affected areas of the body. Before use, it is advisable to check the concentration of the juice, for this a few drops must be applied to the skin, and if a burning sensation appears, it is necessary to dilute the substance with a solution of novocaine.

Remember to use the juice immediately after you squeeze it out of the leaves, as it quickly disappears. If you do not have a plant at home, then you can purchase Kalanchoe juice at the pharmacy.

More than 90 percent of the plant consists of juice with a unique composition. For example, it contains tannins, which make the walls of blood vessels stronger, as well as rutin, which restores the circulatory system.

Among the main medicinal properties of Kalanchoe, it should be noted the ability to remove dead cells, and promote the regeneration of new ones. In addition, the plant has a tonic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antiviral and hemostatic effect.

The plant is used for severe physical and mental fatigue as a natural tonic, as well as for cleansing the body of radioactive substances, toxins and other contaminants.

In folk medicine, the Kalanchoe plant is used to treat almost all diseases! The substances contained in this miracle plant are capable of curing many diseases, namely:

  • warts
  • stomatitis
  • herpes
  • purulent wounds
  • ear inflammation
  • conjunctivitis
  • arthrosis
  • periodontal disease
  • ulcer
  • varicose veins
  • sinusitis
  • avitaminosis
  • burns
  • other.

Both men and women are actively using the beneficial properties of the plant under discussion. As a home doctor, different types of it are chosen, for example, Kalanchoe pinnate or Degremona.

A natural remedy significantly improves the patient's condition with adenoma and prostatitis without medication. To combat these problems, it will be possible to use fresh leaves of the plant or prepare an alcoholic tincture from them. Treatment can only be started after a final diagnosis from a doctor.

Men who do not like to contact specialists with delicate problems use Kalanchoe juice to treat hemorrhoids. By the way, the healing properties of a flower with such an ailment are recognized even by official medicine. Compresses are made from the sap of the plant, diluted with water.

The benefits of Kalanchoe for women are also undeniable. For example, in gynecology, juice is used in the form of douching. The procedure helps to get rid of cervical erosion, speed up the healing process of tears after delivery.

The fair sex is very fond of using various parts of the Kalanchoe and to maintain their beauty. For example, its juice can be added to moisturizers or acne products, as well as anti-hair loss masks.

It is allowed to use plants for the treatment of a child if he is 3 years old. For example, parts of a flower are used for sore throat in a small patient, adenoids and burns. The sap of the plant helps to cope with a runny nose and cough. When instilled into the nose, the liquid must be diluted with boiled water or milk so as not to damage the mucous membranes.

Dear guests of my site, share your experience in the comments, how Kalanchoe helped you. Grow this plant as a home doctor and be healthy!


Watch the video: Can You Plant a Kalanchoe Outside?


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