Every adult at least once in his life has probably seen a small child reaching for a flower. It is very important for the full life of this kid to make the plants become his close and understandable environment, so that he learns to admire them and take care of them - living, green and colorful friends.
For example, N. Verzilin's wonderful book "Traveling with House Plants" can help you with this, from which it will be interesting to learn about the origin of the house plants we are used to, about the history of their culture, about their amazing properties and how to properly handle them. ...
You can start communicating your child with plants at any time. Eating "overseas" fruits, their seeds are usually thrown away, but you can sow a few seeds in a pot with fertile soil (compost with the addition of sand is suitable). The kid will gladly do it himself and will be delighted when the first shoots appear from the ground.
A fruit tree that has grown from seeds can become a family heirloom, since it is durable in nature and grows successfully in indoor conditions. For this, seeds of orange, tangerine, lemon, grapefruit, lime, almond, peach, plum, apple, date, fig, kiwi, persimmon, pomegranate, avocado, mango and other fruits are suitable, which can be sown at any time of the year, but better early in spring or summer, when there is a lot of light and heat.
Before sowing, the seeds are separated from the pulp, washed with water and allowed to dry slightly. You just need to remember that small seeds are sown almost superficially, sprinkling them with a layer of soil no more than their own thickness, the rest - to a depth of 1-2 cm.The pot with crops is kept warm (22-24 ° C), not allowing the soil to dry out, moisten careful watering or spraying, continuing it after the emergence of shoots.
When true leaves appear on young plants, you can plant each specimen in a separate small pot or yogurt box and grow there until the roots cover the entire earthen ball.
Invite the child to transplant the flower into a larger bowl himself, without breaking the coma and laying a layer of broken shards or expanded clay on the bottom for better water drainage. Interestingly, a young plant of orange, lemon and other plants can be grown in the form of a shrub or tree - at will. In order for the crown to become branched, you need to pinch the top leaves together with the growing point directly above the next pair of leaves.
After a while, lateral shoots will appear from the leaf axils, which, as they grow, also need to be pinched for better branching and quickly creating a beautiful crown shape. It is possible to form the crown of subtropical fruit plants in the form of a ball, oval, pyramid, cube, etc., and all this is done by repeatedly pinching young shoots, while the extra lateral shoots are removed from the stem to obtain a straight, beautiful trunk.
Young plants are fed with a solution of complex fertilizers every 10-14 days (Uniflor-growth, 1 cap per 2 liters of warm settled water) during spring and summer. For adult plants entering the fruiting phase, a fertilizer with a high content of potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and other nutrients will be required (Uniflor-bud in the same dose).
From September to February, watering and feeding is reduced, reducing them to a minimum. Indoor fruit plants overwinter in light, cool conditions on window sills (at a temperature of 10-13 ° C) or in a dark pantry, basement at a temperature of 2-6 ° C, while the leaves are partially shed.
It is very important to keep the crown of the plants clean. To do this, they are satisfied with real bathing in the shower, with which the child can also cope. It is necessary to put the pot with the plant in a plastic bag, tie it tightly so that the earth does not spill out, and water with dust and possible insect pests does not fall on the ground, and only in this form rinse the crown with warm water.
Plants should dry out after bathing before returning to a sunny window. Freshly washed citrus plants exude a great scent and fill rooms with it.
You need to know some tricks that will help bring the fruiting time of indoor fruit closer. Since they are all southern in origin, they require a southern, southwest orientation window for normal development.
The formation of the crown is necessary not only for beauty, but also for the fastest formation of fruit branches and buds on branches of the 5-6 order of branching, after which the plants are transplanted much less often. To speed up fruiting helps the constriction of one of the trunks with a rigid ring made of tin or wire. This technique promotes the accumulation of nutrients in the crown necessary for the formation of flower buds.
When buds appear, the banner is removed. Another technique is grafting 2-3 eyes taken from a fruiting plant (lemon, orange) into the crown of a healthy adult plant. In this case, there is a stimulation for fruiting. There are known cases of grafting lemon eyes on an orange tree - a seedling on which, three years later, both a lemon and an orange have bloomed (the specialists of the Botanical Garden provide this service).
If you take cuttings from the upper part of the crown of an already fruiting tree, then the plants grown from them begin to bear fruit in the fourth year. A prerequisite for growing fruit plants in a room is good nutrition in accordance with the phase of their development.
Avocado grows very quickly: in a few years - up to 1 m in height. The avocado seed is immersed in the ground with a blunt end, the sharp tip is left over the surface of the soil. The fast-growing plant is annually transplanted into a more spacious container and repeatedly pinched for active branching of the crown.
To grow figs, aka ficus carica, or fig tree, with beautiful finger-like leaves, it is important to know that the plant is dioecious, and the seedlings may turn out to be male specimens. They can bloom but not bear fruit. Therefore, it is worth growing several copies at once, choosing a female plant that can be propagated by cuttings, and quite quickly (in the second year) to achieve fruiting.
The harvest can be up to fifty fruit. Fig fruits - wine berries - contain sugar, proteins, fats and many vitamins. It blooms in spring, bears fruit in late autumn, and grows successfully even in the northern regions. In autumn and winter, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps up to 12-hour daylight hours will be useful.
As for the pomegranate tree, there is a special type for indoor culture - indoor pomegranate, the seeds of which can be acquired through friends, at exhibitions, in gardening clubs or simply in a store. This type of pomegranate blooms with bright scarlet flowers, forming small fruits, commensurate with the plant itself.
Ordinary pomegranate seeds germinate quickly and grow a crown. With good care, after 2-3 years, a pomegranate tree can bloom and give a crop. This is one of the oldest tubular fruit plants depicted in drawings in 1539 by Hieronymus Bosch (Germany). It is best to winter a pomegranate in a dark, cool place (closet, basement at 2-6 ° C).
Dates hatch and grow slowly - you will have to wait for their shoots for more than one month. The bone must be immersed in the ground vertically to a depth of 1 cm from the upper tip. In winter, dates need coolness, and every spring they need to be repotted until the plants are very large.
Perhaps the most amazing thing will be the cultivation of peanuts (peanuts). Its fresh fruits in a light brown skin germinate at a soil temperature of 25 ° C, and first a strong root appears, which is firmly fixed in the ground. Later, soft leaves grow, and the plant will require a bright place and regular moderate watering.
Summer will be the time for peanuts to bloom. Its yellow flowers must be pollinated with a brush, transferring the pollen of one flower to the pistil of another. And at this moment, the most interesting thing begins: the pollinated flowers themselves lean to the ground, grow into it and form underground fruits.
Indoor plants from the seeds of exotic fruits will grow with children and will certainly become the subject of their pride, helping them to timely understand one very important and simple truth: we are responsible for those who were given life or tamed.
E. Kuzmina, florist
When planting a seedling at home, avocado lovers can kill two birds with one stone at the same time, since both aesthetic pleasure will be satisfied, and juicy fruits can be grown. Of course, not in a year, but patient gardeners are no stranger to it. After all, an adult tree does not bear fruit the next year after planting.
Avocado belongs to evergreen trees, does not go into hibernation, which means that the beauty of the plant is ensured in winter.
In its natural habitat, the tree grows up to 20 meters. In a house or apartment, an avocado, fortunately, will not reach such a height.
Gardeners grow a small seed avocado tree. You just need a bone from a ripe fruit. Planted in a pot with a fertile substrate. A bone cannot be planted in the ground from the garden.
Therefore, either they buy a ready-made soil mixture, or they prepare it on their own. To do this, take: turf soil, river sand and peat (compost, humus) in equal proportions.
Place the bone to a depth of 3 cm.
In the future, they provide the plant with regular high-quality watering and an abundance of light. The sprout should appear a month after planting the seed.
There is another option for sprouting a bone: three holes are made in its central part. Toothpicks are deepened into these holes by 3-5 mm. Then the bone with a blunt end is immersed in water by a third. On the surface of the container, it will be held by toothpicks. It is important that the water level is the same while the avocado is germinating.
As soon as the roots grow up to 3-4 cm, the mini-tree is transplanted into a container with drainage holes. A fertilized soil mixture is placed in a pot. After planting the seedling, the soil is not tamped.
Avocados will need a lot of light, but not direct sunlight. The culture does not like dry soil, so it is necessary to organize watering up to 4 times a week.
Gardeners advise replanting avocados every year, as the plant becomes cramped in an old pot in a year! The transplant is performed when the tree reaches a height of 15 cm.
Periodically, avocados are fed with fertilizers that are specially developed for ornamental flower crops, for example, Biochelat. In the spring and summer, a solution of such fertilizer is applied. Prepare it on the basis of 2 liters of water and 10 ml of the mixture. They are fed 2 times a month. With the arrival of autumn and winter, the feeding is reduced to once a month.
Plant orange seeds in late winter. They will germinate in 1-1.5 months, and the seedlings will be able to get maximum light in the spring and summer. Remove the largest seeds from a ripe fruit, rinse, soak for 10-12 hours in water and immediately plant in separate pots 1 cm deep.
Orange tree in a pot
The choice of soil for a citrus pet should be approached thoroughly. It must be composed of turf and forest land, humus, sand and peat, mixed in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1: 1, and then be sure to disinfect. In order not to tire yourself with such troubles, you can use a ready-made soil substrate. The ideal option is the “Flower” soil from the “Agricola” trademark, containing a starting complex of mineral additives. It is able to maintain friability for a long time, as well as accumulate and evenly give the plants nutrients from top dressing.
Citrus fruits like high humidity.
It is harmful to the plant both the waterlogging of the earthen coma in the pot and its drying out. Keep the orange tree in the south or southeast window. In the summer, take it out to the balcony or in the garden, and in the winter, light it up to 12 hours a day. Do not forget to humidify the air around it and from March to October feed every 2 weeks with complex fertilizer (preferably for citrus fruits).
A wild boar will grow from the seed, which will bloom only after 10 years. The quality of its fruits is a lottery. If you want to harvest a tasty crop from a tree, in 1.5 years after planting, vaccinate your green pet with a varietal cuttings. And do not forget that an orange will not live long if you do not provide it with a cool wintering at + 12 ... + 16 ° С.
Wild will grow from the bone
For many peoples, an indoor garden is a part of culture, respect for trees and flowers, brought up from an early age, is preserved for life. In some countries, small gardens are laid in cities even on the roofs of houses.
Our climate and traditions are different. However, in our country as early as the 19th century. gardeners grew peaches and various more outlandish fruits in greenhouses to serve at the master's table at Christmas. Today, many people are fond of cultivating tropical and subtropical crops. And not in greenhouses and conservatories, but simply in the room.
Another representative of tropical vegetation is plumeria. This amazingly beautiful flowering plant is also called frangipani. The flowers, opening up, exude an incomparable, exotic aroma. In addition to the classic white, the flower has pink, crimson, yellow and even orange colors in the “reserve”.
Plumeria © Jacob Tidwell
It is not at all difficult to get it from seeds, and an adult plant will not cause trouble. Frangipan grows very quickly, reaches an impressive size (up to 2 meters), requires frequent transplanting and a considerable indoor area, abundant watering and a sunny location.
Seeds of figs (figs, or ficus carica) for planting are "harvested" in the same way as from feijoa: they must be carefully washed, dried and sown superficially into moist, loose soil. Then lightly "sprinkle" with sand, cover with foil and find a warmer place for them. They sprout in about 3 weeks, all this time they need to be regularly moistened and ventilated.
Sometimes difficulties arise with fruiting, but some gardeners manage to get
fruits from three to four year old seedlings.
Growing berries on the balcony is not such a difficult task, especially if you approach it wisely and choose the right crops.
I have selected two of the most delicious and healthy types of berries that can be easily planted at home. Below you will learn about the features of their planting and the nuances of proper care.
Self-grown strawberries will delight you and your household
For growing strawberries on the balcony, it is better to select ampelous or small-fruited varieties that give berries within 2 months after planting. Caring for such a berry consists of the following steps:
If you want a rich harvest, do not skimp on quality land.
You can prepare the substrate yourself. To do this, it is enough to mix in equal parts the earth from the forest (best of all from coniferous), sand and humus.
After choosing the soil, you should prepare good drainage, as strawberries do not tolerate stagnant water well. River pebbles, expanded clay or small-sized bricks will perfectly cope with this role.
Strawberries require a lot of sunlight to grow.
The berry is very demanding on lighting, it needs at least 8-hour daylight hours... In winter or in cloudy weather, provide additional lighting to the strawberries using fluorescent lamps.
However, one nuance arises here. On an unglazed and non-insulated balcony, this temperature cannot be reached in cold weather. Therefore, there are two options: either install an electric heater in the room, or move the strawberries into the apartment.
Proper plant care will provide you with delicious berries.
But overfeeding the plant is definitely not worth it. This will provoke the growth of greenery, but will go to the detriment of the fruit. To increase the number of ovaries, shake the bushes lightly during the flowering period.
There is no longer any need to buy sweet berries previously treated with harmful chemicals. Now it will just grow on your balcony!
And finally, one more secret that will help you successfully grow strawberries on the balcony with your own hands. During the fruiting period, the berry needs an increased iron content in the soil. Someone may recommend sticking a rusty nail into the soil, but I advise you not to experiment and use iron-containing solutions specially created for this.
Cross-pollination is a prerequisite for successful fruiting of blueberry bushes. Therefore, I strongly advise you to stock up for growing with several different varieties of this wonderful berry.
Blueberries are another incredibly healthy berry that grows well at home.
To start, fill the pot about 2/3 full with soil that is sold for azaleas, camellias, or rhododendrons. Top with a mulch made from chopped pine bark and compost. It is she who will help maintain the required level of moisture in the container.
A special land and a little diligence will help to achieve the result as in the photo.
The next step is watering, moreover, it is necessary to pour water until excess moisture flows out of the holes at the bottom of the pot... After that, you will need to compact the soil and, if necessary, add more.
Sapodila has many names: lamut, tree potato, sapot tree, chiku, chico. Her homeland is tropical America. It is a beautiful dense slow-growing tree covered with thick shiny leaves. Sapodila leaves look very decorative. Under natural conditions, a sapote tree grows up to 17-25 meters, but if the conditions for growth are unfavorable, it has the shape of a large bush. The flowers are inconspicuous, small, very similar in shape to small bells. " Read more