Gooseberry variety Grushenka: a necklace of berries on a branch


Some owners of summer cottages are not particularly keen on starting a gooseberry, considering it a not very promising berry. But this fruit bush is able to surprise. Consider the domestic variety Grushenka. It perfectly tolerates frost and drought, does with minimal maintenance and is able to please with its taste.

The history and description of the Grushenka gooseberry variety

The first information about gooseberries appeared in the 13th century. There are only about 50 species in the wild. Most of it grows in Europe, northern parts of Africa and America, Asia. On the territory of Russia, only 3 species of wild gooseberries have been found. But even such a small natural diversity was enough for more than a thousand varieties of cultivated gooseberries to appear on the market by now.

Among the many varieties, I would like to highlight one domestic with the affectionate name Grushenka. The place of his birth was the All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology of Horticulture and Nursery.

Gooseberry Grushenka - an achievement of domestic breeders

The plant is medium-sized, slightly spreading and compact. But the bush is densely covered with bright green, slightly shiny foliage. The ability of the shoots to branch strongly helps the young plant to form a bush quite quickly.

Gooseberry Grushenka - compact plant

Inflorescences consist of 2-3 flowers. The fruits ripen quickly. In the period of early ripeness, the dense skin of the berries is colored reddish. As it ripens, the color changes, acquiring deep purple tones. The average weight of the fetus is from 4 to 5 g. Some sources point to eight gram fruits. The size is not too large, but the number of berries is impressive. Adult branches and annual shoots are densely covered with them along their entire length. Sometimes, due to the abundance of the crop, foliage is not visible. The taste is pleasant, sweet and sour. The seeds are very small. The assessment of the tasters ranges from 4.1 to 5 points.

The shape of the berry is not quite typical for gooseberries - oval-pear-shaped, expanding downward. Due to the appearance of the fruit, such a beautiful variety name appeared - Grushenka.

Due to the unusual shape of the berries, the gooseberry received such a beautiful name - Grushenka

Features of the variety:

  • the absence of thorns on the shoots, which makes the variety very attractive in terms of harvesting;
  • long life span: Grushenka is capable of bearing fruit annually for 20 years;
  • although Grushenka blooms early enough, flowers and ovary do not suffer from recurrent frosts.

Characteristics of the variety

Domestic breeders have endowed the Grushenka variety with unique qualities, thanks to which this gooseberry can be grown in a variety of climatic conditions.

  1. Gooseberry Grushenka belongs to the mid-late varieties. Technical ripeness begins at the beginning of August, but the berries begin to pick at the end of July. The fruiting period is not too long. Ripe fruits are not afraid of cracking and are firmly attached to the branches, so they can expect harvesting without loss. The yield is not bad at all. A gardener can pick up to 6 kg of berries from one bush.
  2. The advantage of the variety is its frost resistance. Even bushes not prepared for wintering can survive frosts down to -300C. It can also endure hot and dry periods stoically.
  3. Grushenka belongs to early-growing plants. If you plant a two-year-old seedling, then next spring it will certainly be covered with berries. Of course, the harvest will be small, but after a year or two, the variety will certainly reach optimal performance.
  4. Another great advantage of the variety is its excellent immunity. He is not afraid of diseases that most often affect gooseberries. Among them are powdery mildew, septoria, viral infections.
  5. Grushenka fruits tolerate transportation very well.

The listed abilities only emphasize the versatility of this variety.

Gooseberry Grushenka amazes with an abundance of harvest - the branches are generously, like beads, decorated with berries

Table: advantages and disadvantages

Landing features

Planting Grushenka's gooseberries follows the standard rules. The main thing is to comply with the terms and recommendations.

Boarding time

Experienced gardeners, planting Grushenka's gooseberries, prefer the autumn period. To be more precise, the first half of the season (late September - early October). During this favorable period, the seedling manages not only to take root, but also to build up the root system, before the arrival of frosty weather.

It is also possible to plant in the spring, but there is a likely risk of being late due to the early onset of the vegetative period. If you plant a seedling whose leaves have begun to bloom, then the process of engraftment will take a long time and the young plant may suffer in the first winter.

The optimal time for planting Grushenka is autumn.

Suitable place and soil

With regard to the composition of the soil, the Grushenka variety is very tolerant, which simplifies maintenance. This gooseberry will grow and bear fruit on almost all types of soil, but loam is considered the ideal soil. Good looseness of the earth, its air and moisture permeability, nutritional value are welcomed. You should also take into account the acidity of the soil. To make the reaction close to neutral, use dolomite flour or lime during site preparation.

The gooseberry has a very powerful root system that grows deeper, capable of providing itself with moisture on its own. Therefore, areas with a high occurrence of groundwater must be abandoned. Young roots die from excess moisture. In the flooded lowlands, it is recommended to plant Grushenka on artificial hills.

Gooseberry Grushenka does not tolerate transplants, so you need to choose a site for planting carefully. Lighted areas are good. Light partial shade is acceptable during the hottest period of the day, but not a dense shade. Another condition for the normal development of the seedling is protection from the north and east wind. For this reason, gardeners often plant gooseberries along fences or buildings.

Traditionally, bright and protected from the wind places are selected for gooseberries.

Do not plant Grushenka in areas where currants or other varieties of gooseberries have just been uprooted. Vegetable crops are good predecessors.

Preparing the soil and planting pit

In order to comply with absolutely all the rules for soil preparation, you need to start preparations for planting gooseberries in a year. Green manures (lupine or vetch) are planted on the selected site. Some gardeners recommend using areas where dahlias were grown before the gooseberry. These noble flowers suppress weeds, including wheatgrass. In the preparatory period, they try to make the land more nutritious. To do this, the following substances are introduced under deep digging, after distributing them over the soil surface (the amount of fertilizer is calculated for 10 m2):

  • manure or humus in the amount of 15 kg;
  • phosphate rock - 2 kg;
  • potassium salt - 0.4 kg.

When adding phosphate rock, lime or dolomite flour may not be used to deoxidize the soil.

On heavy soils containing a lot of clay, during the preparatory period, in addition to fertilizers, a large amount of sand is applied so that the earth can quickly remove excess moisture.

In the preparatory period before planting, it is important to properly fertilize the soil.

A planting pit is prepared in a month. If the landing is planned for the spring, then dig a hole and fill in the fall.

  1. On a plot of land cleared of plant residues, we dig a hole 50/50 cm in size.
  2. If preliminary soil preparation with fertilization has not been carried out, then you can replenish the supply of nutrients at the stage of preparing the pit. To do this, add the following to the top layer of the earth that was set aside during digging:
    • 100 g of ash;
    • 50 g double superphosphate;
    • 40 g of potassium sulfate;
    • 5 kg of organic matter.
  3. We mix all the components well and add them to the planting pit.

If you are planting several bushes, then in order to avoid unnecessary thickening of the plantings, you need to adhere to the recommended scheme: the distance between the bushes should be from 1 to 2 m.

Sapling selection

This is an important point. It depends on the correct choice of planting material how much the potential of the variety will open in the future. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to the following points:

  1. The length of the skeletal roots is at least 14 cm. The root system itself must be fluffy and fibrous. Color - brown-yellow. The absence of black spots and mechanical damage indicates healthy roots.
  2. The presence of developed shoots - at least 3 pcs. Length - from 40 cm. The bark is light, elastic, without spots or damage.
  3. Examine the foliage. It should be of an even color, without yellowness.
  4. Make sure the seedling is not infested with pests.

It is best to buy seedlings in the fall. A large selection allows you to correctly assess the condition of the tree.

To make the harvest happy, choose only healthy seedlings.

Step-by-step planting process

Before planting, be sure to assess the condition of the root system and prepare the seedling. To do this, soak the roots for 12 hours in water with a dissolved root formation stimulant (for example, Kornevin, Kornerost, Heteroauxin). Then cut off the shoots, leaving 5-6 buds, and spray with any adaptogen - Zircon, Epin, or a crushed aloe leaf infused in water.

  1. In the middle of the hole, build a mound 9 cm high. Place a bush on its top and spread the roots with your hands.
  2. Cover the roots with soil, gently shaking the seedling so that the soil is better distributed between the roots.
  3. When the hole is half full, water the bush using a watering can with a shower head. After the liquid has been absorbed, add the remaining soil and water again.
  4. After 15 minutes, when there is no water left on the surface, mulch the root zone. To do this, use cut dried grass, hay, sawdust or humus.

Video: planting gooseberries in spring

Care

Gooseberry Grushenka is an unpretentious variety. But to help the plant fully show its capabilities, it must be properly cared for.

Watering and loosening the soil

Grushenka tolerates dry periods well, but it is still not worth allowing the soil to completely dry out, especially during high temperatures when moisture evaporates very quickly.

Frequent watering is not suitable for Grushenka. Enough 4 moisturizing per season:

  • at the end of flowering;
  • when the ovaries begin to form;
  • during the ripening of berries;
  • before wintering - in October.

The first two waterings will have a positive effect on the size of the fruit, on the taste and juiciness. Moisturizing before winter will relieve the roots of dryness, which will help prevent freezing.

For the gooseberry planted in spring, more frequent watering is required, since the plant must successfully pass the adaptation period and grow roots.

With each watering, it is enough to pour 15–20 liters of water under the bush. Moreover, watering is carried out only according to the projection of the crown, in specially designed circles. In the hottest period, you can additionally moisturize the plants, but only if you notice leaves withering during the day or drying and sluggish fruits.

Water the gooseberry bush in a specially formed circle

It is important to use warm water for watering Grushenka. The gooseberry root system does not like the contrasting difference in soil and water temperatures.

For the normal development of gooseberries, you need to keep the soil around the bush clean. It is important to get rid of weeds in time, which takes some of the nutrients from the plant, and loosen the soil in order to improve air exchange in the root system. On heavy soils, shallow digging can be used; for light soils, simple loosening will suffice.

During the growing season, it is necessary to carry out at least 4 loosening.

Top dressing

The fertilizers added to the planting pit will provide the gooseberries with nutrition for 3 years. From the age of 4, you will need to regularly add nutrients. With proper nutrition, Grushenka will delight you with large and sweet berries.

Fertilization table

Pruning

Grushenka does not like thickening of the bush. A poorly ventilated plant can easily become affected by a fungal disease, the branches age quickly, the productivity of the gooseberry decreases.

The formation of a bush is carried out for the first 5 years:

  1. The first pruning is done at the time of planting. Weak shoots are completely cut. On strong ones - up to 5 buds are left.
  2. In the second year and in subsequent years, 3-5 of the strongest and most well-located shoots are selected from the overgrown zero shoots. The unripe ends are pinched for better branching. The rest are removed.
  3. The formed Grushenka bush should have 5 main shoots and from 12 to 20 branches of different ages.

The formation of a gooseberry bush is carried out for the first 5 years.

Pruning mature bushes is as follows:

  • regulation of the number of branches by removing unnecessary zero shoots;
  • cutting out sick, old (who are more than 3 years old), poorly fertile, growing in the middle of the bush;
  • spring removal of frozen and wind-broken branches.

Video: pruning gooseberries

Support

Gooseberry Grushenka is densely covered with berries during fruiting. From the abundance of the harvest, the branches often fall on the ground. To avoid such problems, prepare props from hard wire or wooden blocks in advance.

To prevent the branches from falling on the ground under the weight of the crop, you can build a support

Preparing for winter

If you follow agricultural techniques, water, cut and feed the bush on time, then an adult plant does not need shelter, as it is able to overcome the winter period. It will not hurt unless a large snowdrift that can be collected around the gooseberry. In a snowless winter, it will be useful to cover the root area with a layer of manure.

Young seedlings are more vulnerable. For their safe wintering, you can use a non-woven covering material and a thick layer of mulch.

Adult well-groomed gooseberry bush Grushenka is not afraid of frosts

Diseases and pests

The Grushenka variety is striking in its ability to resist common gooseberry diseases, among which powdery mildew is most common. But failure to follow simple rules of care undermines the natural immunity of the plant. Then problems in the form of diseases and pests certainly cannot be avoided. Bushes growing in conditions of high humidity and heavily thickened are especially affected. In order to start treating gooseberries in a timely manner, you need to recognize the disease in time.

Table: diseases characteristic of the Grushenka variety

Photo Gallery: Learning to Recognize Diseases

Table: pests, how to recognize and destroy

Photo gallery: by what signs can a pest be detected

Harvesting

The berries are picked when the gooseberry is fully ripe. It is easy to find out about this by the color of the skin. For harvesting, it is best to choose a cool and dry day. Place the berries in a shallow bowl, trying to immediately sort the whole berries separately from the damaged ones.

It is best to start harvesting from the outer branches. Only after they have been freed from the burden of the harvest, you can tackle the branches growing inside the bush.

  1. Gooseberries can be stored in a cool place for up to 5 days. To do this, it is best to collect them in wicker baskets with a capacity of up to 2.5 kg.
  2. If the fruits are harvested 2-3 days before ripeness, their shelf life may increase to 10 days.
  3. Keeping gooseberries up to one and a half months will help keeping them at a temperature of 00C and humidity 90%. In this case, the berries are poured into small cardboard boxes or baskets.
  4. Temperature -20C will extend the shelf life up to 3-4 months. But before laying the berries for storage, you need to cool at a temperature of 3-40C, so that they do not fog up, and only then put in bags.

Most of the benefits can be obtained from the use of Grushenka berries in their natural form. The fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals. They are used in the treatment of anemia, hypertension. Antioxidant properties - excellent cancer prevention. In addition, Grushenka's low-calorie berries are used in dietary nutrition.

But even in winter, you can cook a lot of goodies and usefulness from Grushenka's gooseberry. Preserves, jams, compotes and baking fillings will come in handy in the cold season.

Grushenka's generous gooseberry harvest is an excellent reason for making jam

Gardeners reviews

Gooseberry Grushenka is an undisputed favorite in many gardens of Russians and residents of the former Soviet republics. This unpretentious plant will not make you spend a lot of energy on growing it. You just need to follow some simple rules of care in order to maintain strong immunity and endurance of the plant. In gratitude, you will receive a gorgeous harvest that carries many health benefits. And it will be simply impossible to take your eyes off the berry beads that adorn the branches.

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Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.

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Landing

The best time to plant strawberries is spring, from April to May, as well as the second half of summer. Under favorable conditions, it takes about 3 weeks for complete rooting. In the year of planting (if it was made in spring), fruiting will be partial. A full harvest will be able to be harvested only in the next season.

For planting strawberries, they choose flat, well-lit areas with light fertile soils. Waterlogged, waterlogged and clayey soils are not suitable for cultivation.

Most often, strawberries are planted in a single line with a row spacing of at least 60 cm. An interval of about 20 cm is observed between the plants. A denser planting leads to thickening and a decrease in yield indicators.


Watch the video: Growing Gooseberries In A Food Forest


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